keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Reproductive endocrinology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315665/physician-scientists-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology-predictors-of-success-in-obtaining-independent-research-funding
#1
Ijeoma Okeigwe, Cynthia Wang, Joseph A Politch, Linda J Heffner, Wendy Kuohung
BACKGROUND: Obstetrics and gynecology departments receive the smallest amount of National Institutes of Health (NIH) research funding and have significantly lower application success rates compared to pediatric, internal medicine, and surgery departments. The development of mentored early career development training grants (K awards) has been one strategy implemented by the NIH to help aspiring physician-scientists establish independent research careers. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to describe the cohort of ob/gyn physician-scientists who were K08, K12, and K23 recipients from 1988-2015 and to identify predictors of success in obtaining independent federal funding, as defined by acquisition of an R01, R21, R34, U01, U54, P01, or P50...
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292614/embryo-transfer-simulation-improves-pregnancy-rates-and-decreases-time-to-proficiency-in-reproductive-endocrinology-and-infertility-fellow-embryo-transfers
#2
Ryan J Heitmann, Micah J Hill, John M Csokmay, Justin Pilgrim, Alan H DeCherney, Shad Deering
OBJECTIVE: To design and evaluate an ET simulator to train Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility (REI) fellows' techniques of ET. DESIGN: Simulation model development and retrospective cohort analysis. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): Patients undergoing IVF. INTERVENTION(S): Simulation model evaluation and implementation of ET simulation training. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Pregnancy rates...
March 11, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277140/interactive-case-based-learning-improves-resident-knowledge-and-confidence-in-reproductive-endocrinology-and-infertility
#3
Kara N Goldman, Ashley W Tiegs, Kristen Uquillas, Margaret Nachtigall, M Elizabeth Fino, Abigail F Winkel, Veronica Lerner
Resident physicians' scores on the REI section of the CREOG exam are traditionally low, and nearly 40% of house staff nation-wide perceive their REI knowledge to be poor. We aimed to assess whether an interactive case-based group-learning curriculum would narrow the REI knowledge gap by improving understanding and retention of core REI concepts under the time constraints affecting residents. A three-hour case-based workshop was developed to address four primary CREOG objectives. A multiple-choice test was administered immediately before and after the intervention and 7 weeks post-workshop, to evaluate both knowledge and confidence...
February 21, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246045/characterisation-of-the-transcriptome-of-male-and-female-wild-type-guppy-brains-with-rna-seq-and-consequences-of-exposure-to-the-pharmaceutical-pollutant-17%C3%AE-ethinyl-estradiol
#4
Minna Saaristo, Bob B M Wong, Laura Mincarelli, Allison Craig, Christopher P Johnstone, Mayumi Allinson, Kai Lindström, John A Craft
Waterways are increasingly being contaminated by chemical compounds that can disrupt the endocrinology of organisms. One such compound is 17α-ethinyl estradiol (EE2), a synthetic estrogen used in the contraceptive pill. Despite considerable research interest in the effects of EE2 on reproduction and gene expression, surprisingly, only a few studies have capitalised on technologies, such as next-generation sequencing (NGS), to uncover the molecular pathways related to EE2 exposure. Accordingly, using high-throughput sequencing technologies, the aim of our study was to explore the effects of EE2 on brain transcriptome in wild-type male and female guppy (Poecilia reticulata)...
February 16, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239427/food-components-and-contaminants-as-anti-androgenic-molecules
#5
REVIEW
Daniele Marcoccia, Marco Pellegrini, Marco Fiocchetti, Stefano Lorenzetti, Maria Marino
Androgens, the main male sex steroids, are the critical factors responsible for the development of the male phenotype during embryogenesis and for the achievement of sexual maturation and puberty. In adulthood, androgens remain essential for the maintenance of male reproductive function and behavior. Androgens, acting through the androgen receptor (AR), regulate male sexual differentiation during development, sperm production beginning from puberty, and maintenance of prostate homeostasis. Several substances present in the environment, now classified as endocrine disruptors (EDCs), strongly interfere with androgen actions in reproductive and non-reproductive tissues...
2017: Genes & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228319/optimizing-natural-fertility-a%C3%A2-committee-opinion
#6
(no author information available yet)
This Committee Opinion provides practitioners with suggestions for optimizing the likelihood of achieving pregnancy in couples/individuals attempting conception who have no evidence of infertility. This document replaces the document of the same name previously published in 2013, Fertil Steril 2013;100(3):631-7.
January 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220080/validation-of-a-method-for-the-assessment-of-urinary-neopterin-levels-to-monitor-health-status-in-non-human-primate-species
#7
Verena Behringer, Jeroen M G Stevens, Fabian H Leendertz, Gottfried Hohmann, Tobias Deschner
Determining individual health status is of great importance for a better understanding of life history trade-offs between growth, reproduction, and maintenance. However, existing immunological methods are invasive and therefore not suitable for investigating health status in wild populations. Thus, there is an urgent need for non-invasive methods to assess the immune status of animals. Neopterin is involved in the cell-mediated pathway of the immune response (Th1-type), secreted during the activation of monocytes and macrophages...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161857/on-developing-a-thesis-for-reproductive-endocrinology-and-infertility-fellowship-a-case-study-of-ultra-low-2-oxygen-tension-for-extended-culture-of-human-embryos
#8
REVIEW
Daniel J Kaser
Fellows in Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility training are expected to complete 18 months of clinical, basic, or epidemiological research. The goal of this research is not only to provide the basis for the thesis section of the oral board exam but also to spark interest in reproductive medicine research and to provide the next generation of physician-scientists with a foundational experience in research design and implementation. Incoming fellows often have varying degrees of training in research methodology and, likewise, different career goals...
March 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161526/low-fertility-preservation-utilization-among-transgender-youth
#9
Leena Nahata, Amy C Tishelman, Nicole M Caltabellotta, Gwendolyn P Quinn
PURPOSE: Research demonstrates a negative psychosocial impact of infertility among otherwise healthy adults, and distress among adolescents facing the prospect of future infertility due to various medical conditions and treatments that impair reproductive health. Guidelines state that providers should counsel transgender youth about potential infertility and fertility preservation (FP) options prior to initiation of hormone therapy. The purpose of this study was to examine the rates of fertility counseling and utilization of FP among a cohort of adolescents with gender dysphoria seen at a large gender clinic...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127831/vitamin-d-receptor-polymorphisms-and-the-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Guilherme Victor Oliveira Pimenta Dos Reis, Natália Alves Gontijo, Kathryna Fontana Rodrigues, Michelle Teodoro Alves, Cláudia Natália Ferreira, Karina Braga Gomes
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most frequent endocrinological disorder that affects women of reproductive age, leading to metabolic alterations, such as hyperandrogenism, obesity, menstrual irregularities, insulin resistance, and polycystic ovaries. The etiology remains unclear, but several genetic and environmental factors have been correlated with manifestations of this syndrome. Vitamin D plays important roles in metabolic pathways affected by PCOS, including calcium homeostasis, the insulin pathway, and sex hormone synthesis...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079780/subspecialty-influence-on-scientific-peer-review-for-an-obstetrics-and-gynecology-journal-with-a-high-impact-factor
#11
Laura I Parikh, Rebecca S Benner, Thomas W Riggs, Nicholas Hazen, Nancy C Chescheir
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether quality of peer review and reviewer recommendation differ based on reviewer subspecialty in obstetrics and gynecology and to determine the role of experience on reviewer recommendation. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of reviews submitted to Obstetrics & Gynecology between January 2010 and December 2014. Subspecialties were determined based on classification terms selected by each reviewer and included all major obstetrics and gynecology subspecialties, general obstetrics and gynecology, and nonobstetrics and gynecology categories...
February 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043344/relationships-among-temperament-acute-and-chronic-cortisol-and-testosterone-concentrations-and-breeding-soundness-during-performance-testing-of-angus-bulls
#12
S A Lockwood, H G Kattesh, J D Rhinehart, L G Strickland, P D Krawczel, J B Wilkerson, F D Kirkpatrick, A M Saxton
The aim of this study was to examine relationships among temperament, endocrinology, and reproductive parameters of bulls enrolled in an 84-day performance test. Angus bulls (n = 60) were housed in six pens grouped by age and weight. Pen scores (PS; 1 = docile to 5 = very aggressive) were assigned on Days -1, 27, 55, and 83 of the performance test. On the following day, blood and hair samples were collected, and body weight (BW) and exit velocity (EV) were recorded. Bulls were split into two categories based on; Day -1 PS (PScalm = PS 1 or 2; PSexcitable = PS 3 or 4) and Day 0 EV (EVcalm = slowest 20 bulls; EVexcitable = fastest 20 bulls)...
February 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007789/reproductive-hormones-of-icsi-conceived-young-adult-men-the-first-results
#13
Florence Belva, Mathieu Roelants, Jean De Schepper, André Van Steirteghem, Herman Tournaye, Maryse Bonduelle
STUDY QUESTION: Are reproductive hormone levels (FSH, LH, inhibin B and testosterone) in male offspring conceived by ICSI because of male infertility comparable with those from peers born after spontaneous conception? SUMMARY ANSWER: In this cohort of 54 young men conceived by ICSI because of male-factor infertility, mean and median reproductive hormone levels were found to be comparable with results from spontaneously conceived peers, but ICSI-conceived men were more likely to have low inhibin B (<10th percentile) and high FSH (>90th percentile) levels...
December 21, 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930278/for-love-not-money-the-financial-implications-of-surgical-fellowship-training
#14
Paul M Inclan, Adam S Hyde, Michael Hulme, Jeffrey E Carter
Surgical residents cite increased income potential as a motivation for pursuing fellowship training, despite little evidence supporting this perception. Thus, our goal is to quantify the financial impact of surgical fellowship training on financial career value. By using Medical Group Management Association and Association of American Medical Colleges physician income data, and accounting for resident salary, student debt, a progressive tax structure, and forgone wages associated with prolonged training, we generated a net present value (NPV) for both generalist and subspecialist surgeons...
September 2016: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929034/reproductive-endocrinology-the-emotional-cost-of-contraception
#15
Rachel A Ross, Ursula B Kaiser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2016: Nature Reviews. Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913150/juvenile-hormone-titers-ovarian-status-and-epicuticular-hydrocarbons-in-gynes-and-workers-of-the-paper-wasp-belonogaster-longitarsus
#16
Hans C Kelstrup, Klaus Hartfelder, Nanike Esterhuizen, Theresa C Wossler
The prevailing paradigm for social wasp endocrinology is that of juvenile hormone (JH) functioning pleiotropically in potential and actual queens, where it fuels dominance behaviors, stimulates ovarian growth and/or affects the production of status-linked cuticular compounds. In colonies with annual cycles (e.g., temperate-zone species), female adults produced at the end of the summer (called gynes) are physiologically primed to hibernate. Despite the absence of egg-laying in the pre-overwintering phase, gynes engage in dominance interactions that may affect reproductive potential following hibernation...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Insect Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882049/different-effects-of-myoinositol-plus-folic-acid-versus-combined-oral-treatment-on-androgen-levels-in-pcos-women
#17
Ali Cenk Ozay, Ozlen Emekci Ozay, Recep Emre Okyay, Erkan Cagliyan, Tuncay Kume, Bulent Gulekli
Recently, myoinositol (myo-ins) and folic acid combination has gained an important role for treating Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS), in addition to combined oral contraceptives (COC). We aimed to examine myo-ins effects on anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) levels and compare them with those ones obtained administering COC. In this prospective study, 137 PCOS patients, diagnosed according to Rotterdam criteria and admitted to the Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility Outpatient Clinic at Dokuz Eylul University (Izmir, Turkey), were included...
2016: International Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866819/endocrinology-of-human-female-sexuality-mating-and-reproductive-behavior
#18
REVIEW
Natalie V Motta-Mena, David A Puts
Hormones orchestrate and coordinate human female sexual development, sexuality, and reproduction in relation to three types of phenotypic changes: life history transitions such as puberty and childbirth, responses to contextual factors such as caloric intake and stress, and cyclical patterns such as the ovulatory cycle. Here, we review the endocrinology underlying women's reproductive phenotypes, including sexual orientation and gender identity, mate preferences, competition for mates, sex drive, and maternal behavior...
November 17, 2016: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856292/the-challenge-hypothesis-where-it-began-and-relevance-to-humans
#19
REVIEW
John C Wingfield
A contribution to a special issue on Hormones and Human Competition. Over 40years ago assay methods that allowed the accurate measurement of circulating levels of hormones were developed for the first time enabling us to sample free-living as well as captive animals. This led to a new concept called "field endocrinology". It quickly became apparent that endocrine profiles of animals under natural conditions were very different from congeners in captivity. Furthermore, hormone data could be organized by functional units (e...
November 14, 2016: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853912/abstracts-from%C3%A2-the-translational-reproductive-biology-and-clinical-reproductive-endocrinology-conference%C3%A2-held-novembrer-17-20-2016
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
keyword
keyword
22423
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"