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Bronchopulmonary displasia

Abdulhamit Tuten, Emre Dincer, Sevilay Topcuoglu, Selim Sancak, Selahattin Akar, Handan Hakyemez Toptan, Elif Özalkaya, Tulin Gokmen, Fahri Ovalı, Guner Karatekin
AIM: Early hemodynamic assessment of global parameters in critically ill newborns fails and requires mostly invasive measurements in neonatal intensive care unit. Clinical signs are frequently used for assessment of peripheral perfusion. Perfusion index (PI) is a new noninvasive numerical value of peripheral perfusion. Serum lactate levels and PI are the indicators that are important in determining prognosis of preterm infants. In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship of serum lactate levels and PI with mortality and morbidity in very low-birth weight infants (VLBW)...
May 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Banu Mutlu, Gonca Sandal, Gözde Kanmaz, Zeynep Eraslan, Ömer Erdeve, Şerife Suna Oğuz, Uğur Dilmen
INTRODUCTION: The aim of our study was to determine whether hydrocortisone even at low dose could be an effective and safe alternative treatment for bronchopulmonary dysplasia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective pilot study was conducted in a tertiary referral neonatal intensive care unit placed in Ankara Zekai Tahir Burak Maternity Teaching Hospital. Preterm babies (> 32 week gestational age or > 1500 g birth weight) who were ventilator dependent approximately at or beyond three weeks of age (defined as rescue treatment) or were oxygen dependent on postmenstrual 36th week without evidence of any infection (defined as bronchopulmonary dysplasia treatment) were enrolled in the study...
2013: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
Mohamad Said Maani Takrouri, Abdulbaset Maghaireh, Mohammed Rushdi Obeidat
Congenital Cystic Adenomatoid Malformation or bronchopulmonary displasia (congenital lung cysts disease) is a rare condition. Intrauterine death affect severe cases, those infants surviving till birth lead a chronic course of respiratory illness amenable to corrective thoracic surgery or other corrective measures for non pulmonary conditions. This report describes an experience with one girl that needed anesthesia for congenital retinopathy's laser treatment.
February 2011: Middle East Journal of Anesthesiology
Mario Sebastiani, José María Ceriani Cernadas
The survival rate of extremely preterm infants improved over the last years as a result of a better prenatal and neonatal care mainly due to a greater use of antenatal steroids, appropriate management in the delivery room and in the initial care, surfactant therapy, and better modalities of assisted ventilation. However, this improvement in survival has not been associated with an equal reduction in morbidity. In fact, the frequency of bronchopulmonary displasia, sepsis, poor growth, and neurological disorders in the future may have increased...
June 2008: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Wei Wang, Wei Wei, Qin Ning, Xiao-ping Luo
OBJECTIVE: Bronchopulmonary displasia (BPD) is characterized by decreased alveolar development resulting in large saccular airspaces that are thought to result from the superposition of injury on the developing lung. Inflammation and hyperoxia appear to be the common factors. Preterm delivery is frequently preceded by chorioamnionitis, resulting in exposure of the fetal lung to inflammation. Subsequently, resuscitation with positive-pressure ventilation or supplemental O2 can continue to injure the lungs...
July 2007: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
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