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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323860/disrespect-and-abuse-of-women-during-childbirth-in-nigeria-a-systematic-review
#1
Foluso Ishola, Onikepe Owolabi, Veronique Filippi
BACKGROUND: Promoting respectful care at childbirth is important to improve quality of care and encourage women to utilize skilled delivery services. However, there has been a relative lack of public health research on this topic in Nigeria. A systematic review was conducted to synthesize current evidence on disrespect and abuse of women during childbirth in Nigeria in order to understand its nature and extent, contributing factors and consequences, and propose solutions. METHODS: Five electronic databases were searched for relevant published studies, and five data sources for additional grey literature...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323517/differences-in-adolescent-emotion-regulation-and-impulsivity-a-group-comparison-study-of-school-based-recovery-students
#2
Beth S Russell, Anne Thompson Heller, Morica Hutchison
BACKGROUND: Recovery high schools (RHS) vary in organization and operating philosophy, but are designed to support the unique needs of students struggling with substance use disorders (SUD). Previous research on youth risk taking behaviors suggests emotion regulation is a key predictor of outcomes. Specifically, the ability to respond in adaptive rather than maladaptive ways is often associated with challenges of impulsivity, poor distress tolerance, and adolescent substance use. OBJECTIVES: The current study considers data from RHS students in order to answer research questions concerning impulsivity and emotion regulation of youth working to change their risk trajectories in comparison to group of typically developing youth...
March 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319954/comparison-of-initial-vasopressors-used-for-delayed-cerebral-ischemia-after-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#3
Bhaskar Roy, Louise D McCullough, Rajat Dhar, James Grady, Yu-Bo Wang, Robert J Brown
BACKGROUND: The main reason for morbidity after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) is delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI). The mainstay of medical therapy for treating DCI is induced hypertension with vasopressors to restore cerebral perfusion. Both phenylephrine (PE) and norepinephrine (NE) are commonly used for induced hypertension, but the impact of the initial choice of vasopressor on the efficacy, adverse effects, or outcome after hemodynamic therapy for DCI is unknown. METHODS: Sixty-three patients with aSAH between January 2012 and October 2014, who developed DCI (defined as new focal deficit or decline in Glasgow Coma Score) and in which PE (n = 45) or NE (n = 18) treatment was initiated were evaluated in this retrospective study...
March 21, 2017: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319692/development-and-properties-of-a-brief-scale-to-assess-intimate-partner-relationship-in-the-postnatal-period
#4
Karen Wynter, Thach Duc Tran, Heather Rowe, Jane Fisher
BACKGROUND: Poor quality intimate partner relationship is associated with postnatal depression and anxiety among women. Existing scales assessing the quality of this relationship are long and measure stable aspects of the relationship rather than specific behaviours which may respond to targeted interventions. The aim was to develop and investigate the properties of a brief, life stage-specific scale to assess potentially modifiable partner behaviours in the postpartum period. METHODS: Participants were primiparous women from diverse geographical and socio-economic backgrounds in Victoria, Australia...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319690/depression-and-executive-functioning-deficits-predict-poor-occupational-functioning-in-a-large-longitudinal-sample-with-bipolar-disorder
#5
Lisa A O'Donnell, Patricia J Deldin, Andrew Grogan-Kaylor, Melvin G McInnis, Jenna Weintraub, Kelly A Ryan, Joseph A Himle
BACKGROUND: Bipolar Disorder (BD) is characterized by impairments in psychosocial functioning with occupational disability being one of the most significant. Depression and neurocognitive deficits are features of BD most commonly associated with poor occupational functioning (OF). Few studies have examined these features over an extended period of time focusing on distinct aspects of work functioning. METHODS: This longitudinal study included 273 adults with bipolar I disorder (N=173), bipolar II disorder (N=69), and bipolar not otherwise specified (N=31)...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319005/prediction-of-treatment-response-in-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-type-2-diabetes-the-skaraborg-diabetes-register
#6
Miriam Pikkemaat, Olle Melander, Per Hjerpe, Kristina Bengtsson Boström
AIMS: Type 2 diabetes is associated with cardiovascular complications. It is largely unknown which patients have poor treatment response and high complication risk; biomarkers are studied for this purpose. The aim of the study was to investigate the association between clinical factors such as HbA1c, level of biomarkers (C-peptide, copeptin) at diagnosis and changes in HbA1c, blood pressure or body mass index (BMI) after five years. METHODS: Clinical data and blood samples from 460 newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes patients from the Skaraborg diabetes register (SDR) at diagnosis and after 5years and were analyzed with linear and logistic regressions...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318723/pan-european-survey-of-the-topical-ocular-use-of-cyclosporine-a
#7
A Labbé, C Baudouin, D Ismail, M Amrane, J-S Garrigue, A Leonardi, F C Figueiredo, G Van Setten, M Labetoulle
OBJECTIVE: To assess medical practices surrounding the use of topical ocular cyclosporine A across European Union nations. METHODS: Key stakeholders (ophthalmologists, hospital pharmacists, regulatory health authorities) from European Union member states were interviewed by telephone using a semi-structured, open-ended questionnaire. Ophthalmologists responded to questions about practice patterns of cyclosporine A use (prescription frequency, indication, dosage), pharmacists about cyclosporine A formulations (composition, manufacturing process, quality control, distribution), and the regulatory authorities about market authorization and pharmacovigilance for various cyclosporine A products...
March 16, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315996/olfactory-preferences-of-the-parasitic-nematode-howardula-aoronymphium-and-its-insect-host-drosophila-falleni
#8
James A Cevallos, Ryo P Okubo, Steve J Perlman, Elissa A Hallem
Many parasitic nematodes have an environmental infective stage that searches for hosts. Olfaction plays an important role in this process, with nematodes navigating their environment using host-emitted and environmental olfactory cues. The interactions between parasitic nematodes and their hosts are also influenced by the olfactory behaviors of the host, since host olfactory preferences drive behaviors that may facilitate or impede parasitic infection. However, how olfaction shapes parasite-host interactions is poorly understood...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Chemical Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306344/live-birth-after-replacement-of-an-embryo-obtained-from-a-spontaneously-in-vitro-matured-metaphase-i-oocyte
#9
Paloma Piqueras, Miguel Gallardo, María Hebles, Juan Manuel Jiménez, Beatriz Migueles, Lorena Montero, Fernando Sánchez-Martín, Pascual Sánchez-Martín
This case report describes a live birth after the fresh replacement of an embryo obtained from a spontaneously in vitro matured oocyte. The patient was subjected to controlled ovarian stimulation for IVF treatment, obtaining two oocytes. One was found to be immature at the time of denudation, at metaphase-I. This immature oocyte was kept in culture overnight in standard conditions along with the second oocyte - which was mature but failed to fertilize - spontaneously achieving metaphase-II, and was subjected to ICSI...
March 17, 2017: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304016/tubular-nitrogen-doped-tio2-samples-with-efficient-photocatalytic-properties-based-on-long-lived-charge-separation-under-visible-light-irradiation-synthesis-characterization-and-reactivity
#10
Yoshikazu Hirose, Atsushi Itadani, Takahiro Ohkubo, Hideki Hashimoto, Jun Takada, Shigeharu Kittaka, Yasushige Kuroda
A nitrogen-doped TiO2 sample was prepared at 413 K by direct hydrothermal treatment of titanium isopropoxide in an aqueous solution of NH3. This new material has a large specific surface area of ca. 220 m(2) g(-1) because of its tubular structure and it exhibits a prominent absorption feature in the region between 400 and 650 nm. It responds strongly to light in the visible region, which is key to its potential performance as a photocatalyst that may improve the efficiency for utilization of solar energy. Actually, this sample exhibits very efficient activity in the decomposition of CH3COOH under visible light among the samples prepared...
March 17, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302390/matching-pairs-difficulty-in-children-with-spinal-muscular-atrophy-type-i
#11
Graziela Jorge Polido, Alessandra Ferreira Barbosa, Carlos Hitoshi Morimoto, Fátima Aparecida Caromano, Francis Meire Favero, Edmar Zanoteli, Umbertina Conti Reed, Mariana Callil Voos
This study aimed to investigate the performance on pair-matching tasks in children with Spinal Muscular Atrophy type I (SMA-I) and the relationship between this performance and motor function, functional independence and quality of life. SMA-I (n = 12; 6.0 ± 2.3 yrs; 9 boys, 3 girls) and control sex-, age-matched children (n = 12; 6.2 ± 2.6 yrs) performed four pair-matching figure, number and letter tasks. The eye tracker detected eye movements. SMA-I children were assessed with CHOP INTEND, Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory, and Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory...
February 15, 2017: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302217/-assessing-the-current-status-of-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-in-the-usage-of-web-based-survey-questionnaires-by-thoracic-surgeons-and-nurses-attending-the-meeting-in-mainland-china
#12
Na Du, Chenglin Guo, Mei Yang, Yanli Ji, Wei Wang, Jie Li, Chuan Li, Lunxu Liu, Guowei Che
BACKGROUND: Though the concept of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) has been progressively known by the surgeons and applied clinically, the current status of its cognition among thoracic surgeons and application in thoracic surgery is still unknown. Based on the analysis of a survey of thoracic surgeons and nurses on chest ERAS during a national conference, we aimed to analyze the status and difficulties of the application of ERAS in thoracic surgery. METHODS: A total of 773 questionnaires were collected during the first West China chest ERAS Forum and analyzed...
March 20, 2017: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301498/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-kap-relating-to-brucellosis-in-smallholder-dairy-farmers-in-two-provinces-in-pakistan
#13
Shumaila Arif, Peter C Thomson, Marta Hernandez-Jover, David M McGill, Hassan Mahmood Warriach, Jane Heller
The present study aimed to assess the extent of knowledge and understanding of brucellosis in smallholder dairy farmers and identify practices at the farm and household level that might pose a risk for humans contracting brucellosis. Between February and June 2015 a cross-sectional study was conducted among smallholder farms (n = 420) in five districts of Punjab and two districts of Sindh province. Farmers were interviewed using a questionnaire to obtain information on farmers' knowledge about brucellosis and the potential risks for contracting the disease that are present for dairy farmers and their families...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301363/the-plastic-surgeon-as-employee-a-pilot-survey-of-the-california-society-of-plastic-surgeons
#14
Nirav Bipin Patel, Demetrius M Coombs, Mena Arsalai, Chin-Shang Li, Yu Liu, Thomas R Stevenson, Lee L Q Pu
INTRODUCTION: Plastic surgeons endure years of training yet remain poorly equipped to negotiate first employment contracts. Our aims were to evaluate typical plastic surgeon employment contracts and assess contract comprehensiveness. We sought elements that should be included to better preserve varied interests. METHODS: A brief, anonymous, e-mailed survey was sent to California Society of Plastic Surgeons members and responses collected over 2 months. We collected information such as years in practice, geographic area, types of practices and number of surgeons within them, and legal standing of partnerships...
March 16, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299407/design-and-development-of-acetylthiocholine-electrochemical-biosensor-based-on-zinc-oxide-cerium-oxide-nanohybrid-modified-platinum-electrode
#15
Manju Bhargavi Gumpu, Noel Nesakumar, Srinidhi Nagarajan, Sadhana Ramanujam, Uma Maheswari Krishnan, K Jayanth Babu, John Bosco Balaguru Rayappan
Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) enzyme has been predominantly used for the detection of pesticides and metal ions. But, these sensors respond to pesticides as well as metal ions at certain concentration, which results in poor selectivity. Hence in this work, the amount of thiocholine produced during AChE inhibition has been estimated to detect the residual activity of AChE enzyme in-turn to enhance the efficiency of the biosensor. In this context, Pt/ZnO-CeO2/AChE/Chitosan based biosensor has been developed for sensitive voltammetric quantification of thiocholine in AChE...
March 16, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299153/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-towards-spotted-fever-group-rickettsioses-and-q-fever-in-laikipia-and-maasai-mara-kenya
#16
David Ndeereh, Gerald Muchemi, Andrew Thaiyah
Many factors contribute to misdiagnosis and underreporting of infectious zoonotic diseases in most sub-Saharan Africa including limited diagnostic capacity and poor knowledge. We assessed the knowledge, practices and attitudes towards spotted fever group rickettsioses (SFGR) and Q fever amongst local residents in Laikipia and Maasai Mara in Kenya. A semi-structured questionnaire was administered to a total of 101 respondents including 51 pastoralists, 17 human health providers, 28 wildlife sector personnel and 5 veterinarians...
August 17, 2016: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298447/structural-and-functional-characterization-of-caenorhabditis-elegans-%C3%AE-catenin-reveals-constitutive-binding-to-%C3%AE-catenin-and-f-actin
#17
Hyunook Kang, Injin Bang, Kyeong Sik Jin, Boyun Lee, Junho Lee, Xiangqiang Shao, Jonathon A Heier, Adam V Kwiatkowski, W James Nelson, Jeff Hardin, William I Weis, Hee-Jung Choi
Intercellular epithelial junctions formed by classical cadherins, β-catenin and the actin-binding protein α-catenin link the actin cytoskeletons of adjacent cells into a structural continuum. These assemblies transmit forces through the tissue and respond to intracellular and extracellular signals. However, the mechanisms of junctional assembly and regulation are poorly understood. Studies of cadherin-catenin assembly in a number of metazoans have revealed both similarities and unexpected differences in the biochemical properties of the cadherin/catenin complex that likely reflect the developmental and environmental requirements of different tissues and organisms...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298414/insomnia-as-a-predictor-of-job-exit-among-middle-aged-and-older-adults-results-from-the-health-and-retirement-study
#18
Liming Dong, Jacqueline Agnew, Ramin Mojtabai, Pamela J Surkan, Adam P Spira
OBJECTIVES: Poor health is a recognised predictor of workforce exit, but little is known about the role of insomnia in workforce exit. We examined the association between insomnia symptoms and subsequent job exit among middle-aged and older adults from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS). METHODS: The study sample consisted of 5746 respondents aged between 50 and 70 who were working for pay when interviewed in the HRS 2004 and were followed up in the HRS 2006...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298223/migration-to-middle-income-countries-and-tuberculosis-global-policies-for-global-economies
#19
Julia Moreira Pescarini, Laura Cunha Rodrigues, M Gabriela M Gomes, Eliseu Alves Waldman
BACKGROUND: International migration to middle-income countries is increasing and its health consequences, in particular increasing transmission rates of tuberculosis (TB), deserve consideration. Migration and TB are a matter of concern in high-income countries and targeted screening of migrants for active and latent TB infection is a main strategy to manage risk and minimize transmission. In this paper, we discuss some aspects of TB control and migration in the context of middle-income countries, together with the prospect of responding with equitable and comprehensive policies...
March 15, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298139/emergent-carotid-stenting-and-intra-arterial-abciximab-in-acute-ischemic-stroke-due-to-tandem-occlusion
#20
Fawaz Al-Mufti, Krishna Amuluru, Nathan W Manning, Imad Khan, Lissa Peeling, Chirag D Gandhi, Charles J Prestigiacomo, Galyna Pushchinska, David Fiorella, Henry H Woo
OBJECTIVE: Acute occlusions of the extracranial internal carotid artery (ICA) and a major intracranial artery respond poorly to intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) and present an endovascular challenge. The aim of our study was to retrospectively delineate the feasibility of the combined use of emergent carotid stenting and intra-arterial (IA) Abciximab with intracranial revascularization in the setting of acute ischemic stroke and carotid occlusions at our institution. METHODS: Eleven patients with complete cervical carotid occlusion with or without concomitant intracranial ICA and/or MCA occlusion were identified from a single center, retrospective review of patients admitted to the Stroke unit...
March 15, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
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