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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783251/prevalence-of-risk-factors-of-allergic-diseases-among-children-aged-8-9-years-in-poltava-region-the-results-of-the-first-stage-of-the-research
#1
Tetyana O Kryuchko, Iryna A Holovanova, Olha Y Tkachenko, Mariya O Melnyk, Kateryna V Pocheniuk
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: According to the European Academy of Allergology and Clinical Immunology (EAACI, 2016), allergy is the most common chronic disease in Europe. The aim: The aim of the investigation is to study the spread of risk factors of allergic reactions in children who are 8-9 years old of Poltava region. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The investigation included two stages: the 1st contained interviewing; the 2nd one - additional clinical and lab investigation of children, who require the further diagnosis specification...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783161/candidate-gene-analysis-in-the-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-epidemiologic-sleep-study-episono-shows-an-association-of-variant-in-pde4d-and-sleepiness
#2
Victoria M Pak, Diego R Mazzotti, Brendan T Keenan, Camila Hirotsu, Philip Gehrman, Lia Bittencourt, Allan I Pack, Sergio Tufik
INTRODUCTION: Sleepiness and cardiovascular disease share common molecular pathways; thus, genetic risk factors for sleepiness may also predict cardiovascular disease risk. This study explored the associations between subjective sleepiness and single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in candidate genes within oxidative stress, inflammatory, and neuronal pathways, which may contribute to sleepiness and downstream cardiovascular disease risk: Cytochrome B-245, Alpha Polypeptide (CYBA), Cytochrome B-245, Beta Polypeptide (CYBB), Neutrophil Cytosolic Factor (NCF2), Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha (TNFA), and Phosphodiesterase 4D (PDE4D)...
January 12, 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783029/comparison-of-stanford-b-aortic-dissection-patients-who-received-tevar-combined-with-or-without-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#3
Xin Li, Wenwu Cai, Ping Zhang, Kun Fang, Jieting Zhu, Chang Shu
BACKGROUND: Patients with Stanford B aortic dissection usually complicated with sleep apnea syndrome. This condition always threatens the patients' respiration situation. In this study, we collected and analysis data of patients' peri-operative managements of Thoracic Endovascular Aortic Repair (TEVAR) for Stanford B Aortic Dissection (AD) complicated with Sleep Apnea Syndrome (SAS). Comparison has been made between these SAS patients and those who without SAS. METHODS: Between June 2013 and June 2014, the clinical data and outcomes of the Stanford B AD patients in the department of vascular surgery in the Second Xiangya Hospital were retrospectively reviewed and studied...
May 18, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782915/new-insights-into-the-natural-course-of-knee-osteoarthritis-early-regulation-of-cytokines-and-growth-factors-with-emphasis-on-sex-dependent-angiogenesis-and-tissue-remodeling-a-pilot-study
#4
Kalle Kisand, Ann Tamm, Mare Lintrop, Agu Tamm
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to identify cytokine profiles associated with radiographic phenotypes of knee osteoarthritis (rKOA) with a focus on early stage of the disease. METHODS: The pilot population study involved 60 middle-aged patients (mean age 50±7.3y.). Standardized weight-bearing anteroposterior and axial radiographs were used to assess rKOA severity in tibiofemoral (TFJ) of patellofemoral joint (PFJ) by grading system (grades 0-3). Luminex (xMAP® ) technology was used to simultaneously assess 60 biomarkers...
May 18, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782842/paraoxonase-1-pon1-l55m-among-common-variants-in-the-coding-region-of-the-paraoxonase-gene-family-may-contribute-to-the-glycemic-control-in-type-2-diabetes
#5
Abdolkarim Mahrooz, Mohammad Bagher Hashemi-Soteh, Masoud Heydari, Ruzbeh Boorank, Fatemeh Ramazani, Ali Mahmoudi, Anvarsadat Kianmehr, Ahad Alizadeh
OBJECTIVE: Genome studies have shown that the genes encoding paraoxonase 1 (PON1) and PON2 are associated with glucose metabolism. The goal of this study was to simultaneously evaluate the association between functional variants in PON1 and PON2 genes and susceptibility for type 2 diabetes (T2D) and determine whether they can affect glycemic control. METHODS: We performed a case-control study with 145 newly diagnosed patients with T2D and 148 controls. The common variants including PON1-Q192R, PON1-L55M and PON2-S311C were genotyped by PCR-based RFLP...
May 18, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782514/quantifying-lion-panthera-leo-demographic-response-following-a-three-year-moratorium-on-trophy-hunting
#6
Thandiwe Mweetwa, David Christianson, Matt Becker, Scott Creel, Elias Rosenblatt, Johnathan Merkle, Egil Dröge, Henry Mwape, Jones Masonde, Twakundine Simpamba
Factors that limit African lion populations are manifold and well-recognized, but their relative demographic effects remain poorly understood, particularly trophy hunting near protected areas. We identified and monitored 386 individual lions within and around South Luangwa National Park, Zambia, for five years (2008-2012) with trophy hunting and for three additional years (2013-2015) during a hunting moratorium. We used these data with mark-resight models to estimate the effects of hunting on lion survival, recruitment, and abundance...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782427/clinical-profile-of-levamisole-adulterated-cocaine-induced-vasculitis-vasculopathy-a-30-case-series
#7
Carlos Horacio Muñoz-Vahos, Sebastián Herrera-Uribe, Álvaro Arbeláez-Cortés, Daniel Jaramillo-Arroyave, Luis Alonso González-Naranjo, Gloria Vásquez-Duque, Mauricio Restrepo-Escobar, Luis Alfonso Correa-Londoño, Luis Fernando Arias-Restrepo, Adriana Lucía Vanegas-García
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to describe clinical and laboratory manifestations of patients with levamisole-adulterated cocaine-induced vasculitis/vasculopathy and to propose a skin classification according to the distribution and severity of lesions. METHODS: We report the characteristics of 30 patients admitted with levamisole-adulterated cocaine-induced vasculitis/vasculopathy in 4 high-complexity institutions in Colombia, from December 2010 to May 2017...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782302/reasons-for-not-using-condoms-among-heterosexual-men-in-belgrade-serbia
#8
Milan Bjekić, Sandra Sipetić-Grujičić, Hristina Vlajinac, Aleksandra Nikolić
Dear Editor, Proper and consistent use of male condoms can be a highly effective method of preventing the transmission of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV (1), but this method relies on men's willingness and ability to use condoms. In the United States of America, about 20% overall and less than 50% of adults with multiple partners used a condom at last intercourse (2). In Serbia in 2013 (3), 50.0% of women and 62.5% of men aged 15-49 who had more than one partner in the past year used a condom during their last intercourse...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782186/excessive-erythrocytosis-and-cardiovascular-risk-in-andean-highlanders
#9
Noemí Corante, Cecilia Anza-Ramírez, Rómulo Figueroa-Mujíca, José Luis Macarlupú, Gustavo Vizcardo-Galindo, Grzegorz Bilo, Gianfranco Parati, Jorge L Gamboa, Fabiola León-Velarde, Francisco C Villafuerte
Cardiovascular diseases are the main cause of death worldwide. Life under high-altitude (HA) hypoxic conditions is believed to provide highlanders with a natural protection against cardiovascular and metabolic diseases compared with sea-level inhabitants. However, some HA dwellers become intolerant to chronic hypoxia and develop a progressive incapacitating syndrome known as chronic mountain sickness (CMS), characterized by excessive erythrocytosis (EE; Hb ≥21 g/dL in men, Hb ≥19 g/dL in women). Evidence from HA studies suggests that, in addition to CMS typical signs and symptoms, these highlanders may also suffer from metabolic and cardiovascular disorders...
May 21, 2018: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782072/a-comprehensive-analysis-of-all-patients-n-509-undergoing-tonsillectomy-during-one-year-in-a-large-centralised-service
#10
Frith Cull, Shimin Choo, Thomas D Milner, Georgios Kontorinis, John Marshall
The annual post-tonsillectomy haemorrhage rates in a large tertiary referral centre were over four times higher than the reported National Prospective Tonsillectomy Audit (NPTA) adult haemorrhage rates. Comprehensive data capture in the study and a single centralised ENT service ensured accuracy of reported outcomes. 'Hot' techniques were not inferior to cold steel dissection methods, with a combination of 'hot' and 'cold' techniques generating the lowest post-tonsillectomy haemorrhage risk. The only other risk factor for post-tonsillectomy haemorrhage identified in the study was male gender...
May 21, 2018: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781833/influence-of-socio-demographic-factors-on-disease-characteristics-and-vision-related-quality-of-life-in-primary-open-angle-glaucoma-patients-the-italian-primary-open-angle-glaucoma-study-ipoags
#11
Ivano Riva, Lorenzo Legramandi, Andreas Katsanos, Francesco Oddone, Eliana Rulli, Gloria Roberti, Luciano Quaranta
PURPOSE: To evaluate the potential association between socio-demographic factors with clinical characteristics, vision-related quality of life and glaucoma-related symptoms scores in a large cohort of primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Multicenter, cross-sectional study involving academic and non-academic centers. Previously diagnosed POAG patients aged >18 years were enrolled. At baseline, information on demographic characteristics, social, medical and ocular history, clinical presentation and treatments was collected...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781703/male-students-perceptions-about-gender-imbalances-in-a-speech-language-pathology-and-audiology-training-programme-of-a-south-african-institution-of-higher-education
#12
Sandra Du Plessis
 The professions of speech-language pathology and audiology (SLPA) are characterised by occupational gender segregation. Reasons given by men are a lack of awareness of SLPA; a perception of poor salaries; a perception of poor working conditions; a stereotype that the profession is a female occupation; and a perception that working with children is feminine. Objectives: The aim of this study was to describe the perceptions of male students in a specific SLPA training programme regarding gender imbalances...
May 16, 2018: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781646/emotional-clarity-development-and-psychosocial-outcomes-during-adolescence
#13
Liza M Haas, Brae Anne McArthur, Taylor A Burke, Thomas M Olino, Lyn Y Abramson, Lauren B Alloy
Past research on emotional clarity (EC), the ability to identify and label one's own emotions, has illustrated an association between EC deficits and poor psychosocial outcomes during the adolescent years. Although past research has connected EC to psychosocial outcomes during adolescence in cross-sectional and longitudinal designs, no studies have traced the trajectory of EC over time to determine the developmental course of the construct during adolescence. Thus, this study investigated how EC developed over five years during adolescence and what factors were associated with the developmental trajectory of emotional clarity...
May 21, 2018: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781392/adolescent-athletes-with-learning-disability-display-atypical-maturational-trajectories-on-concussion-baseline-testing-implications-based-on-a-finnish-sample
#14
Kati Peltonen, Matti Vartiainen, Tiina Laitala-Leinonen, Sanna Koskinen, Teemu Luoto, Jon Pertab, Laura Hokkanen
Previous research has reported lower cognitive test scores on baseline testing in athletes reporting multiple previous concussions or a history of learning disability (LD). Age also has an important influence on cognitive performance. While these factors have been considered individually in previous studies, the present study is the first to explore the interaction of age, self-reported LD, and history of concussion on baseline Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT®) in a nationwide study of adolescent athletes...
May 21, 2018: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781039/sex-dependent-association-of-circulating-sex-steroids-and-pituitary-hormones-with-treatment-free-survival-in-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-patients
#15
Eric P Allain, Karin Venzl, Patrick Caron, Véronique Turcotte, David Simonyan, Michaela Gruber, Trang Le, Eric Lévesque, Chantal Guillemette, Katrina Vanura
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is not considered a hormone-regulated cancer although sex is a recognized risk factor with men more frequently diagnosed and developing progressive disease. We hypothesized that variable hormonal exposure may have a sexually dimorphic influence on treatment-free survival (TFS). In 156 CLL cases, we quantitatively profiled 29 circulating steroids (progesterone, adrenal precursors, androgens, estrogens, and catechol estrogens) as well as luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone...
May 21, 2018: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780845/postoperative-numbness-a-survey-of-patients-after-hip-arthroscopic-surgery
#16
Bashar Reda, Ivan Wong
Background: Hip arthroscopic surgery is a rapidly growing procedure that requires distraction of the leg to access the joint. A frequently reported complication of this procedure is postoperative numbness, with rates between 1% and 20% reported in the literature. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to determine the factors contributing to the development and effect of numbness on functional outcomes. We hypothesized that this complication is underreported and that its prevalence is higher than what has been described in the literature...
May 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780835/risk-factors-for-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-in-competitive-adolescent-alpine-skiers
#17
Maria Westin, Marita L Harringe, Björn Engström, Marie Alricsson, Suzanne Werner
Background: There is a high risk for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries in alpine skiers. To reduce or try to prevent these injuries, intrinsic and extrinsic risk factors need to be identified. Purpose: To identify possible intrinsic and extrinsic ACL injury risk factors among competitive adolescent alpine skiers. Study Design: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3. Methods: Between 2006 and 2009, a cohort of 339 alpine ski students (176 male, 163 female) from Swedish ski high schools were prospectively observed in terms of ACL injuries...
April 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780834/factors-affecting-the-achievement-of-a-patient-acceptable-symptom-state-1-year-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-cohort-study-of-343-patients-from-2-registries
#18
Eric Hamrin Senorski, Eleonor Svantesson, Susanne Beischer, Alberto Grassi, Ferid Krupic, Roland Thomeé, Kristian Samuelsson
Background: There is insufficient knowledge regarding the influence of concomitant injuries on the recovery of short-term subjective knee function after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Purpose: To determine whether patient characteristics, concomitant injuries, and graft choice during ACL reconstruction can predict which patients achieve acceptable knee function 1 year after reconstruction. Study Design: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3...
April 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780778/impact-of-presence-of-antiphospholipid-antibodies-on-in-vitro-fertilization-outcome
#19
Yeon Hee Hong, Se Jeong Kim, Kyoung Yong Moon, Seul Ki Kim, Byung Chul Jee, Won Don Lee, Seok Hyun Kim
Objective: To investigate prevalence of antiphospholipid antibody (APA) in Korean infertile women undergoing the first in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment and to evaluate the influence of APA on the subsequent IVF outcomes. Method: Two hundred nineteen infertile women who destined the first IVF were prospectively enrolled in 2 infertility centers. Male factor or uterine factor infertility and women with past or current endocrine or immunologic disorders were completely excluded...
May 2018: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780641/association-of-abo-blood-group-and-body-mass-index-a-cross-sectional-study-from-a-ghanaian-population
#20
Samuel Smith, Isaac Okai, Chrissie Stansie Abaidoo, Emmanuel Acheampong
ABO blood group and body mass index (BMI) have individually been appraised as risk factors for certain diseases. From statistical perspective, it may be important to examine the relationship between the ABO blood antigen and BMI. This cross-sectional study involved 412 participants aged 18 to 46 at the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), Kumasi. Weight and height of participants were measured for BMI calculation; blood group determination was done using antisera. Blood group O was the most prevalent (51...
2018: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
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