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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047031/the-effect-of-phasic-alertness-on-temporal-precision
#1
Qingqing Li, Peiduo Liu, Shunhang Huang, Xiting Huang
Many previous studies have found that there is a close relationship between attention and temporal precision. As a mechanism that regulates the intensity of attention, alertness has beneficial influences on perceptual processing. However, little is known regarding whether and how phasic alertness affects temporal precision. Experiment 1 and Experiment 2 used visual and auditory warning cues in a visual temporal order judgment (TOJ) task and a simultaneity judgment (SJ) task to investigate the phasic alerting effect on temporal precision...
October 18, 2017: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044348/sonographically-abnormal-placenta-an-association-with-an-increased-risk-poor-pregnancy-outcomes
#2
W D Wan Masliza, M Y Bajuri, M R Hassan, N M Naim, A Shuhaila, S Das
BACKGROUND: The placenta is a most interesting but unfortunately often ignored and misunderstood organ. Placental abnormalities, therefore, can be an "early warning system" for fetal problems. A complete prenatal sonographic examination of the placenta is an essential component as its abnormalities can have a direct effect on fetal or maternal outcomes, obstetrical management and future fertility. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether any association exists between the finding of an increased thickness of placenta, abnormal placenta shape, placental calcification, placental lake and abnormal cord insertion site at 20-22 and 30-32 weeks gestation with an increased risk of uteroplacental complications or a poor pregnancy outcome...
September 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033602/early-in-hospital-clinical-deterioration-is-not-predicted-by-severity-of-illness-functional-status-or-comorbidity
#3
Janice Wang, Stella S Hahn, Myriam Kline, Rubin I Cohen
BACKGROUND: Prior studies concentrated on unplanned intensive care unit (ICU) transfer to gauge deterioration occurring shortly following hospital admission. However, examining only ICU transfers is not ideal since patients could stabilize with treatment, refuse ICU admission, or not require ICU evaluation. To further explore etiologies of early clinical deterioration, we used rapid response team (RRT) activation within 48 hours of admission as an index of early clinical worsening. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of prospectively gathered admissions from the emergency department in an academic medical center was done...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028578/obstetric-early-warning-score-in-scandinavia-a-survey-of-midwives-use-of-systematic-monitoring-in-parturients
#4
Catrine Carlstein, Elin Helland, Kim Wildgaard
OBJECTIVE: systematic monitoring has recently been implemented widely in non-obstetric departments. In the UK, Early Warning Score (EWS) systems specifically designed for the obstetric population (OEWS) are used. No information on the use of OEWS in Scandinavia has been reported. Consequently, we wanted to investigate the use of vital signs and attitude towards systematic monitoring of parturients in Denmark, Norway and Sweden. DESIGN: electronic questionnaires sent to heads of midwifery...
September 23, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025447/enough-is-not-enough-medical-students-knowledge-of-early-warning-signs-of-childhood-cancer
#5
Jennifer Ann Geel, Brent T Stevenson, Rebecca B Jennings, Lisa E Krook, Sinead J Winnan, Bracha T Katz, T J Fox, Lukhanyo Nyati
BACKGROUND: The reported incidence of childhood cancer in upper-middle-income South Africa (SA) is much lower than in high-income countries, partly due to under-diagnosis and under-reporting. Documented survival rates are disturbingly low, prompting an analysis of potential factors that may be responsible. OBJECTIVES: To determine final-year medical students' level of knowledge of early warning signs of childhood cancer and whether a correlation existed between test scores and participants' age, gender and previous exposure to a person with cancer...
June 30, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993097/prognostic-value-of-early-warning-scores-in-the-emergency-department-ed-and-acute-medical-unit-amu-a-narrative-review
#6
REVIEW
R S Nannan Panday, T C Minderhoud, N Alam, P W B Nanayakkara
BACKGROUND: A wide array of early warning scores (EWS) have been developed and are used in different settings to detect which patients are at risk of deterioration. The aim of this review is to provide an overview of studies conducted on the value of EWS on predicting intensive care (ICU) admission and mortality in the emergency department (ED) and acute medical unit (AMU). METHODS: A literature search was conducted in the bibliographic databases PubMed and EMBASE, from inception to April 2017...
October 6, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986155/using-scores-to-identify-patients-at-risk-of-short-term-mortality-at-arrival-to-the-acute-medical-unit-a-validation-study-of-six-existing-scores
#7
Mikkel Brabrand, Peter Hallas, Søren Nygaard Hansen, Kristian Møller Jensen, Janni Lynggård Bo Madsen, Stefan Posth
INTRODUCTION: "Early warning scores" (EWS) have been developed to quantify levels of vital sign abnormality. However, many scores have not been validated. The aim of this study was to validate six scores that all rely on vital signs: Rapid Acute Physiology Score (RAPS), Rapid Emergency Medicine Score (REMS) and the National Early Warning Score (NEWS) and the Goodacre, Groarke and Worthing physiological scores. METHODS: A posthoc single-center observational cohort study of prospectively collected vital signs on acutely admitted medical patients to a Danish hospital...
October 3, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974330/anticipating-care-needs-of-patients-after-discharge-from-hospital-frail-and-elderly-patients-without-physiological-abnormality-on-day-of-admission-are-more-likely-to-require-social-services-input
#8
C P Subbe, N Goulden, K Mawdsley, R Smith
INTRODUCTION: Acute admissions to hospital are rising. As a part of a service evaluation we examined pathways of patients following hospital discharge depending on data available on admission to hospital. METHODS: We merged data available on admission to the Wrexham Maelor hospital from an existing data-base in the Acute Medical Unit with follow up data from local social services as part of a data sharing agreement. Patients requiring support by social services post-discharge were matched with patients not requiring social services from the same post-code...
September 30, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965751/the-accuracy-of-acuity-scoring-tools-to-predict-24-h-mortality-in-traumatic-brain-injury-patients-a-guide-to-triage-criteria
#9
Zohre Najafi, Hossien Zakeri, Amir Mirhaghi
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Prompt identification of traumatic brain injury (TBI) is vital for patients in critical condition; however, it is not clear which acuity scoring tools are associated with short-term mortality. The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy of acuity scoring tools and 24-h mortality among TBI patients in both prehospital and hospital settings. METHODS: This study was an observational, prospective cohort, in which patients with TBI were followed from the accident scene to the hospital...
September 28, 2017: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950188/strengths-and-limitations-of-early-warning-scores-a-systematic-review-and-narrative-synthesis
#10
REVIEW
C L Downey, W Tahir, R Randell, J M Brown, D G Jayne
BACKGROUND: Early warning scores are widely used to identify deteriorating patients. Whilst their ability to predict clinical outcomes has been extensively reviewed, there has been no attempt to summarise the overall strengths and limitations of these scores for patients, staff and systems. This review aims to address this gap in the literature to guide improvements for the optimization of patient safety. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted of MEDLINE(®), PubMed, CINAHL and The Cochrane Library in September 2016...
September 13, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928156/clinician-perceptions-of-an-early-warning-system-on-patient-safety
#11
Aisha de Vries, Jos M T Draaisma, Joris Fuijkschot
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The Pediatric Early Warning Score (PEWS) aims to improve early recognition of clinical deterioration and is widely used despite lacking evidence of effects on outcome measures such as hospital mortality. In this qualitative study, we aimed to study effects of both PEWS and the locally designed risk stratification system by focusing on professionals' perception of their performance. We also sought to gain insight into the perceived effects of PEWS and the risk stratification system on patient safety and to unravel the underlying mechanisms...
September 19, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926736/national-early-warning-score-news-at-icu-discharge-can-predict-early-clinical-deterioration-after-icu-transfer
#12
Supattra Uppanisakorn, Rungsun Bhurayanontachai, Jaruwan Boonyarat, Julawan Kaewpradit
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine the ability of the National Early Warning Score at ICU discharge (NEWSdc) to predict the development of clinical deterioration within 24h. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted. The NEWS was immediately recorded before discharge (NEWSdc). The development of early clinical deterioration was defined as acute respiratory failure or circulatory shock within 24h of ICU discharge. The discrimination of NEWSdc and the best cut off value of NEWSdc to predict the early clinical deterioration was determined...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918932/building-and-verifying-a-severity-prediction-model-of-acute-pancreatitis-ap-based-on-bisap-mews-and-routine-test-indexes
#13
Jiang-Feng Ye, Yu-Xin Zhao, Jian Ju, Wei Wang
PURPOSE: To discuss the value of the Bedside Index for Severity in Acute Pancreatitis (BISAP), Modified Early Warning Score (MEWS), serum Ca2+, similarly hereinafter, and red cell distribution width (RDW) for predicting the severity grade of acute pancreatitis and to develop and verify a more accurate scoring system to predict the severity of AP. METHODS: In 302 patients with AP, we calculated BISAP and MEWS scores and conducted regression analyses on the relationships of BISAP scoring, RDW, MEWS, and serum Ca2+ with the severity of AP using single-factor logistics...
October 2017: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915258/rapid-emergency-medicine-score-a-novel-prognostic-tool-for-predicting-the-outcomes-of-adult-patients-with-hepatic-portal-venous-gas-in-the-emergency-department
#14
MULTICENTER STUDY
Chen-June Seak, David Hung-Tsang Yen, Chip-Jin Ng, Yon-Cheong Wong, Kuang-Hung Hsu, Joanna Chen-Yeen Seak, Hsien-Yi Chen, Chen-Ken Seak
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the performance of Rapid Emergency Medicine Score (REMS), Rapid Acute Physiology Score (RAPS), and Modified Early Warning Score (MEWS) in ascertaining the severity of illness and predicting the mortality of adult hepatic portal venous gas (HPVG) patients presenting to the emergency department (ED). This will assist emergency physicians (EPs) in risk stratification. METHODS: Data for 66 adult HPVG patients who visited the EDs of 2 research hospitals between October 1999 and April 2016 were analyzed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902681/early-warning-scores-to-predict-noncritical-events-overnight-in-hospitalized-medical-patients-a-prospective-case-cohort-study
#15
Jesse Bittman, Aman P Nijjar, Penny Tam, Nadia Khan
BACKGROUND: Physicians are often called to evaluate patients overnight with varying levels of clinical deterioration. Early warning scores predict critical clinical deterioration in patients; however, it is unknown whether they are able to reliably predict which patients will need to be seen overnight and whether these patients will require further resource use. METHODS: A prospective case cohort study of 522 patient nights in a single tertiary care hospital in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, was conducted to assess the ability of Modified Early Warning Score (MEWS) and National Early Warning Score (NEWS) to predict patients who will need to be seen overnight by physicians and will require other healthcare resources...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901797/predictive-performance-of-early-warning-scores-in-acute-leukemia-patients-receiving-induction-chemotherapy
#16
John L Vaughn, David Kline, Nathan M Denlinger, Leslie A Andritsos, Matthew C Exline, Alison R Walker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2017: Leukemia & Lymphoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901334/rainfall-shocks-are-not-necessarily-a-sensitive-early-indicator-of-changes-in-wasting-prevalence
#17
N A Ledlie, H Alderman, J L Leroy, L You
Evidence on the impact of weather shocks on child nutrition focuses on linear growth retardation (stunting) and thus, associates the effect of a short-term measure (weather events) on a cumulative measure (attained height). Relatively little is known on how weather shocks predict increases in wasting in a population. This study explores whether deviation in rainfall in Ethiopia, a drought prone country, is a sensitive indicator of future increases in wasting. Around 12% of children 0-23 months were wasted, but we found no consistent association between the rainfall shock variables and child weight-for-height Z-scores...
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893325/the-most-commonly-used-disease-severity-scores-are-inappropriate-for-risk-stratification-of-older-emergency-department-sepsis-patients-an-observational-multi-centre-study
#18
Bas de Groot, Frank Stolwijk, Mats Warmerdam, Jacinta A Lucke, Gurpreet K Singh, Mo Abbas, Simon P Mooijaart, Annemieke Ansems, Laura Esteve Cuevas, Douwe Rijpsma
BACKGROUND: Sepsis recognition in older emergency department (ED) patients is difficult due to atypical symptom presentation. We therefore investigated whether the prognostic and discriminative performance of the five most commonly used disease severity scores were appropriate for risk stratification of older ED sepsis patients (≥70 years) compared to a younger control group (<70 years). METHODS: This was an observational multi-centre study using an existing database in which ED patients who were hospitalized with a suspected infection were prospectively included...
September 11, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881451/validation-of-a-pediatric-early-warning-system-for-hospitalized-pediatric-oncology-patients-in-a-resource-limited-setting
#19
Asya Agulnik, Alejandra Méndez Aceituno, Lupe Nataly Mora Robles, Peter W Forbes, Dora Judith Soberanis Vasquez, Ricardo Mack, Federico Antillon-Klussmann, Monica Kleinman, Carlos Rodriguez-Galindo
BACKGROUND: Pediatric oncology patients are at high risk of clinical deterioration, particularly in hospitals with resource limitations. The performance of pediatric early warning systems (PEWS) to identify deterioration has not been assessed in these settings. This study evaluates the validity of PEWS to predict the need for unplanned transfer to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) among pediatric oncology patients in a resource-limited hospital. METHODS: A retrospective case-control study comparing the highest documented and corrected PEWS score before unplanned PICU transfer in pediatric oncology patients (129 cases) with matched controls (those not requiring PICU care) was performed...
September 7, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865442/midwives-experiences-of-performing-maternal-observations-and-escalating-concerns-a-focus-group-study
#20
Justine Jeffery, Alistair Hewison, Laura Goodwin, Sara Kenyon
BACKGROUND: For the past decade, Maternal Mortality Reports, published in the United Kingdom every three years, have consistently raised concerns about maternal observations in maternity care. The reports identify that observations are not being done, not being completed fully, are not recorded on Early Warning Score systems, and/or are not escalated appropriately. This has resulted in delays in referral, intervention and increases the risk of maternal morbidity or mortality. However there has been little exploration of the possible reasons for non-completion of maternal observations...
September 2, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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