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Induction ovulation

Funda Akpinar, Berna Dilbaz, Derya A Cırık, Saynur Yilmaz, Sadiman Kiykac, Ertugrul Karahanoglu, Leyla Mollamahmutoglu
To investigate factors associated with the response to ovarian stimulation in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome. Methods: The records of patients with polycystic ovary syndrome and infertility who underwent ovulation induction with clomiphene citrate were reviwed between January 2011 and December 2014 in Etlik Zübeyde Hanim Women's Health Training and Research Hospital Ankara, Turkey. The anthropometric and endocrine factors of patients who were resistant to treatment at a dose of 150 mg/day (n=84) were compared with those who responded with growth of at least one graaffian follicle at a dose of 50 mg/day (n=342)...
November 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
P Gogol
The aim of the study was to evaluate, the ability of a GnRH synthetic analogue [des-Gly10, D-Ala6]-LH-RH ethylamide to induce ovulation in rabbit does using intravaginal administration. A total of 138 primiparous lactating does were randomly divided into 4 groups that at the time of insemination received following treatments for ovulation induction: 1 μg of buserelin administered intramuscularly (control group); 5 μg of [des-Gly10, D-Ala6]-LH-RH ethylamide added to the semen dose (D5 group); 10 μg of [des-Gly10, D-Ala6]-LH-RH ethylamide added to the semen dose (D10 group); 15 μg of [des-Gly10, D-Ala6]-LH-RH ethylamide added to the semen dose (D15 group)...
September 1, 2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
N A T Carvalho, J G Soares, D C Souza, J R G Maio, J N S Sales, B Martins Júnior, R C Macari, M J D'Occhio, P S Baruselli
The aim of this study was to compare estradiol benzoate (EB) and GnRH for the induction of ovulation in a TAI protocol in buffalo during the nonbreeding season. In experiment 1, 141 buffaloes (56 cows and 85 heifers) received an intravaginal P4 device (1.0 g) plus EB (2.0-mg, intramuscular [im]) at random stage of the estrous cycle (Day 0). On Day 9, the P4 device was removed, and buffaloes were given PGF2α (0.53-mg im sodium cloprostenol) plus eCG (400-IU im). Buffaloes were then randomly allocated to one of three groups and treated as follows: EB24 (n = 47), EB (1...
September 13, 2016: Theriogenology
Ashraf Alyasin, Shayesteh Mehdinejadiani, Marzieh Ghasemi
Routinely, a bolus of 5.000-10.000 IU human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is used for the final follicular maturation and ovulation as a standard method. HCG has the same effect of luteinizing hormone (LH) with long half-life. It has the long lutheotrophic effect which increases the risk of ovarian hyper stimulation syndrome (OHSS). Recently, gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRH-a) trigger has been used for the induction of final follicular maturation and ovulation with the aim of reducing the OHSS risk...
September 2016: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
Sarina Schrager
Infertility is common in the United States, with up to 15% of heterosexual couples experiencing difficulty in achieving conception. Family physicians often are the first physicians to evaluate couples attempting to conceive. Evaluation begins with assessment of ovulation, evaluation of anatomic abnormalities, and semen analysis. Many etiologies of anovulation can be managed by family physicians, and clinicians can offer counseling on timing of intercourse and assist patients with lifestyle changes to promote fertility...
October 2016: FP Essentials
Kunyan Zhou, Jing Zhang, Liangzhi Xu, Taixiang Wu, Chi Eung Danforn Lim
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common reproductive endocrinology abnormalities, and affects 5% to 10% of women of reproductive age. Western medicines, such as oral contraceptives, insulin sensitizers and laparoscopic ovarian drilling (LOD), have been used to treat PCOS. Recently, many studies have been published that consider Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) as an alternative treatment for women with PCOS. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy and safety of CHM for subfertile women with PCOS...
October 12, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
A M Rosales-Torres, Z B López-Cedillo, C G Hernández-Coronado, J V Rosete-Fernández, G D Mendoza, A Guzmán
The objective of this study was to evaluate if short-term dietary concentrate supplementation increased IGF-I serum concentration and resulted in a reproductive response during estrus synchronization treatment in non-lactating beef cows. Thirty non-lactating beef cows (Bos indicus × Bos taurus) were allocated to the same pastureland and fed native tropical grasses as a basal diet. Cows were synchronized using a 7-day CO-Synch plus controlled internal drug release (CIDR) protocol and received fixed time artificial insemination (FTAI)...
October 10, 2016: Tropical Animal Health and Production
A Acharjee, R Chaube, K P Joy
The commercial fish spawning inducer Ovaprim (OVP) containing a salmon gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogue and domperidone (a dopamine receptor-2 antagonist) has been widely used as an effective spawning inducer in artificial breeding of fishes. It induces a preovulatory LH surge resulting in final oocyte maturation (FOM) and ovulation through a mechanism involving a steroidogenic shift to secrete a maturation-inducing steroid (MIS). In the present study, a 0.5μL/g body weight dose of OVP each injected at 0h and 24h intraperitoneally into gravid female catfish, Heteropneustes fossilis resulted in periovulatory changes in gonadotropin (GtH) subunit gene expression and steroid hormone levels...
October 5, 2016: General and Comparative Endocrinology
Yong Jin Kim, Yoon Young Kim, Byeong-Cheol Kang, Moon Suk Kim, In Kap Ko, Hung Ching Liu, Zev Rosenwaks, Seung-Yup Ku
In vitro culture of ovarian follicles is a promising bioengineering technique for retrieving fertilizable oocytes from preserved ovarian tissues of cancer survivors. However, current in vitro follicle culture techniques are labour-intensive and of low efficiency, as only single follicle culture (SFC) has been possible to date. The present study investigated the feasibility of multifollicular cluster culture (MFCC) system using angiotensin II receptor (ATII-Rc) analogues. Ovarian pre-antral follicles isolated from 2-week-old C57BL6 mice were cultured with ATII-Rc agonist or antagonist and their maturation outcomes were compared with control group...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
E Baroncello, M L Bernardi, A D Kummer, I Wentz, F P Bortolozzo
Fixed-time post-cervical artificial insemination (FTAI) drastically reduces labour requirements and increases the use of boars with higher genetic merit. This study evaluated the efficiency of eCG administration combined with/without the GnRH agonist buserelin for the induction and synchronization of ovulation in weaned sows submitted to FTAI. The sows were allocated into three groups. In the control group, the first artificial insemination was performed at the onset of oestrus and repeated every 24 hr. In the eCG+GnRH group, sows received 600 IU eCG at weaning and buserelin (10 μg) after 86-89 hr of eCG, and in the GnRH group, sows received only buserelin after 86-89 hr of weaning...
September 30, 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
Omer Hamid Yumusak, Serkan Kahyaoglu, Meryem Kuru Pekcan, Esra Isci, Mehmet Cinar, Yasemin Tasci
BACKGROUND: Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a commonly used procedure to increase the infertile couples' chance of pregnancy. Single or double insemination and different timing choices are modifications of this intervention. The aim of this study was to elucidate the effect of the IUI procedure on clinical pregnancy rates when performed at 24 hours or 36 hours after ovulation triggered by human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) following ovulation induction with gonadotropins. METHODS: One hundred and thirteen women diagnosed with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) (as per Rotterdam's criteria) or unexplained infertility, who were treated using gonadotropins for ovulation induction and IUI for increasing fertilization potential, were recruited from the medical records of the infertility clinic...
September 26, 2016: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
F J Schaefer, B Hermelink, P Husmann, W Meeus, J Adriaen, S Wuertz
A rearing experiment was conducted to test whether temperature protocols that differed from a simulation of natural conditions might induce maturation after isothermal grow-out in burbot Lota lota. Lota lota were acclimated to two different temperature regimes: low temperature (LT), close to natural temperature at 4·0° C and elevated, high temperature (HT) at 8·5° C over 40 and 27 days respectively, with all fish then wintered for 47 days. Every second fish was treated with a gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogue...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Fish Biology
Michael von Wolff, Petra Stute, Christa Flück
: Transplantation of cryopreserved ovarian tissue has been shown to successfully induce pregnancies. Furthermore, puberty may be induced by transplanted ovarian tissue in girls suffering from premature primary ovarian insufficiency (PPOI) due to gonadotoxic therapy. Therefore, the question arises if ovarian tissue cryopreservation should be recommended for puberty induction in prepubertal girls with cancer prior to gonadotoxic therapies. Although this strategy seems to be more natural than administering exogenous steroid sex hormones, there are some disadvantages from the endocrinological point of view...
September 15, 2016: European Journal of Pediatrics
Jiao Fan, Yiping Zhong, Cuina Chen
LABELED PROBLEM: Antinuclear antibody (ANA) could cause reproductive failure. But treatment for women with antinuclear antibody was controversial. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-three ANA+ women with one-time in vitro fertilization (IVF) implantation failure were divided into two groups randomly. The study group comprised 60 sero-positive for antinuclear antibody. These patients were treated with prednisone (10 mg/day) and aspirin (100 mg/day) starting 3 months before induction of ovulation in 60 IVF cycles...
November 2016: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
Irma Scholten, Miriam Braakhekke, Jacqueline Limpens, Peter G A Hompes, Fulco van der Veen, Ben W J Mol, Judith Gianotten
Trials assessing effectiveness in medically assisted reproduction (MAR) should aim to study the desired effect over multiple cycles, as this reflects clinical practice and captures the relevant perspective for the couple. The aim of this study was to assess the extent to which multiple cycles are reported in MAR trials. A sample of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was collected on MAR, published in four time periods, in 11 pre-specified peer-reviewed journals; 253 trials were included: 196 on IVF, 37 on intrauterine insemination and 20 on ovulation induction...
August 20, 2016: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
Gokhan Boyraz, Ilker Selcuk, Lale K Sokmensuer, Gurkan Bozdag, Roelof Menkveld, Serdar Gunalp
The parameters measured in the standard semen analysis may be insufficient for exact differentiation between fertile and infertile men. Therefore, we assume that the high rate of apoptotic sperm in ejaculate may play a role on the aetiology of unexplained infertility. Couples with unexplained infertility treated by ovulation induction and intrauterine insemination were consecutively enrolled (n = 94). To determine the proapoptotic sperm rate, the ejaculate from patients was stained with annexin V. Thirteen of the 94 couples (13...
September 10, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Ahmed A M Abdel-Hamid, Yaser Mesbah, Mona F M Soliman
Letrozole (LTZ), one of the ovulation induction medications, is increasingly prescribed in various gynaecological conditions. Previous studies have demonstrated its potential hazardous effect on the ovarian surface epithelium (OSE) as well as on tubal epithelial cells (TEC). However, it is not clear whether this effect could be reversed by LTZ cessation. Therefore, the objective of our study was to investigate the effect of stoppage of LTZ on these cells after 12 cycles of ovarian stimulation. A total of 54 Sprague Dawley rats were used in this study, divided equally into control, LTZ12 and CES12 groups (received saline, 12 cycles of LTZ and 12 cycles of cessation post-LTZ12 respectively)...
August 2016: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
S A Finan, E L Lamkin, A O McKinnon
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the comparative efficacy of BioRelease Deslorelin® (BRD) and Ovuplant® for induction of ovulation in cyclic mares in Australia. METHODS: Ovarian follicular activity of 60 mares for a total of 95 cycles was monitored by ultrasonography until they developed a follicle ≥30 mm and a uterine oedema pattern of 3. Mares were then randomly allocated to one of three treatment groups: (1) treatment with 1.25 mg BRD, (2) a single Ovuplant pellet or (3) 1 mL compound sodium lactate control...
September 2016: Australian Veterinary Journal
I Małysz-Cymborska, A Andronowska
The influence of induction of ovulation and superovulation with eCG and hCG on LH and FSH receptor levels in porcine oviducts on day 3 postcoitum was studied. In experiment I, gilts were assigned into cyclic (control; n = 5) and inseminated (n = 5) groups. In experiment II, there were 3 groups of animals: inseminated (n = 5), induced ovulation/inseminated (750 IU eCG, 500 IU hCG; n = 5) and superovulated/inseminated (1500 IU eCG, 1000 IU hCG; n = 5) gilts. Oviduct tissues were collected 3 d after insemination or PBS infusion...
October 2016: Domestic Animal Endocrinology
Nafiye Karakaş Yılmaz, Ayla Sargın, Selçuk Erkılınç, İrfan Özer, Yaprak Engin-Üstün
To evaluate the effect of solely intrauterine insemination on perinatal outcomes Methods: A total of 3830 OI/IUI cycles between January 2007 and December 2012 were included to the study. 358 pregnancies following intrauterine insemination were encountered during the study period. Data from 246 pregnancies conceived through OI/IUI treatment were available. A total of 438 singletons with no maternal risk constituted the control group . The two groups were compared according to perinatal outcomes Results: There was a statistically significant difference between the groups in first trimester abortion and intrauterine demise...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
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