keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Community paediatrics

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818704/orphan-drug-regulation-a-missed-opportunity-for-children-and-adolescents-with-cancer
#1
Gilles Vassal, Pam Kearns, Patricia Blanc, Nicole Scobie, Delphine Heenen, Andy Pearson
BACKGROUND: Oncology represents a major sector in the field of orphan drug development in Europe. The objective was to evaluate whether children and adolescents with cancer benefited from the Orphan Drug Regulation. METHODS: Data on orphan drug designations (ODDs) and registered orphan drugs from 8th August 2000 to 10th September 2016 were collected from the Community Register of medicinal products for human use. Assessment history, product information and existence of paediatric investigation plans were searched and retrieved from the European Medicine Agency website...
August 14, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780547/paediatric-asthma-control-under-a-community-management-model-in-china-a-protocol-for-a-prospective-multicentre-cohort-study
#2
Juan Xu, Yong Yin, Hao Zhang, Wen Wei Zhong, Lei Zhang, Jing Zhang, Shu Hua Yuan, Fen Zhang, Li Xia Zhao
INTRODUCTION: Childhood asthma is globally one of the most common respiratory disorders and accounts for more school absences and more hospitalizations than any other chronic illness. The worldwide economic burden of this disease exceeds those of HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis combined. Proper intervention and effective management is of paramount importance for the control and prognosis of paediatric asthma. Unfortunately, the rate of uncontrolled and partially controlled paediatric asthma in China is >90%...
August 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780545/conceptualising-paediatric-health-disparities-a-metanarrative-systematic-review-and-unified-conceptual-framework
#3
Jennifer L Ridgeway, Zhen Wang, Lila J Finney Rutten, Michelle van Ryn, Joan M Griffin, M Hassan Murad, Gladys B Asiedu, Jason S Egginton, Timothy J Beebe
OBJECTIVE: There exists a paucity of work in the development and testing of theoretical models specific to childhood health disparities even though they have been linked to the prevalence of adult health disparities including high rates of chronic disease. We conducted a systematic review and thematic analysis of existing models of health disparities specific to children to inform development of a unified conceptual framework. METHODS: We systematically reviewed articles reporting theoretical or explanatory models of disparities on a range of outcomes related to child health...
August 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771631/-know-your-audience-a-hospital-community-engagement-programme-in-a-non-profit-paediatric-hospital-in-cambodia
#4
Sreymom Pol, Shivani Fox-Lewis, Phaik Yeong Cheah, Claudia Turner
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this evaluation is to explore the impact of the new hospital community engagement programme (comprised of a Young Persons Advisory Group and a Science Café) on community members and other stakeholders, with regard to their attitudes, skills and degree of engagement in a paediatric hospital in Cambodia. DESIGN: Data collection included feedback questionnaires and reflections produced after each YPAG and Science Café event. Further questionnaires and reflective interviews were conducted to gather the views of key stakeholders...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751484/medication-incidents-in-primary-care-medicine-a-prospective-study-in-the-swiss-sentinel-surveillance-network-sentinella
#5
Markus Gnädinger, Dieter Conen, Lilli Herzig, Milo A Puhan, Alfred Staehelin, Marco Zoller, Alessandro Ceschi
OBJECTIVES: To describe the type, frequency, seasonal and regional distribution of medication incidents in primary care in Switzerland and to elucidate possible risk factors for medication incidents. DESIGN: Prospective surveillance study. SETTING: Swiss primary healthcare, Swiss Sentinel Surveillance Network. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with drug treatment who experienced any erroneous event related to the medication process and interfering with normal treatment course, as judged by their physician...
July 26, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750070/low-hiv-incidence-in-pregnant-and-postpartum-women-receiving-a-community-based-combination-hiv-prevention-intervention-in-a-high-hiv-incidence-setting-in-south-africa
#6
Geoffrey Fatti, Najma Shaikh, Debra Jackson, Ameena Goga, Jean B Nachega, Brian Eley, Ashraf Grimwood
BACKGROUND: Young Southern African women have the highest HIV incidence globally. Pregnancy doubles the risk of HIV acquisition further, and maternal HIV acquisition contributes significantly to the paediatric HIV burden. Little data on combination HIV prevention interventions during pregnancy and lactation are available. We measured HIV incidence amongst pregnant and postpartum women receiving a community-based combination HIV prevention intervention in a high HIV incidence setting in South Africa...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732540/rubella-sero-prevalence-among-children-in-kilimanjaro-region-a-community-based-study-prior-to-the-introduction-of-rubella-vaccine-in-tanzania
#7
Nikolas A S Chotta, Melina Mgongo, Jacqueline G Uriyo, Sia E Msuya, Babill Stray-Pedersen, Arne Stray-Pedersen
BACKGROUND: Childhood rubella infection is a mild, self-limiting illness. Rubella infection among pregnant women however, is a major public health concern. Depending on gestation age, it may result in fetal death, stillbirth or a new-born with congenital rubella syndrome (CRS). Maternal antibodies protect young infants from rubella infection and lifelong immunity is acquired by vaccination or post-rubella infection. This study aims at characterizing rubella infection and its epidemiology in the Kilimanjaro region, prior to the introduction of the rubella vaccine in Tanzania...
July 21, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726662/cytokines-as-the-predictors-of-severe-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-pneumonia-in-children-review
#8
I Chkhaidze, N Kapanadze
In spite of many attempts to differentiate bacterial from viral disease and predict severity and outcome, the etiologic diagnosis of paediatric community acquired pneumonia and the estimation of potential outcomes remain unsolved problems in most cases. Mycoplasma pneumoniae is one of the major pathogens causing CAP in children. Although MP infection was traditionally thought to be a self-limited process, more and more severe cases even fatal cases of MP infections were reported in recent years. So it is essential for pediatricians to recognize severe or refractory or severe MP early, treat it promptly and prevent the progress of the disease...
June 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717396/intraoperative-radiotherapy-review-of-techniques-and-results
#9
REVIEW
Avinash Pilar, Meetakshi Gupta, Sarbani Ghosh Laskar, Siddhartha Laskar
Intraoperative radiotherapy (IORT) is a technique that involves precise delivery of a large dose of ionising radiation to the tumour or tumour bed during surgery. Direct visualisation of the tumour bed and ability to space out the normal tissues from the tumour bed allows maximisation of the dose to the tumour while minimising the dose to normal tissues. This results in an improved therapeutic ratio with IORT. Although it was introduced in the 1960s, it has seen a resurgence of popularity with the introduction of self-shielding mobile linear accelerators and low-kV IORT devices, which by eliminating the logistical issues of transport of the patient during surgery for radiotherapy or building a shielded operating room, has enabled its wider use in the community...
2017: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711429/-appropriateness-of-antibiotic-prescribing-in-paediatric-patients-in-a-hospital-emergency-department
#10
Borja Croche Santander, Elena Campos Alonso, Adela Sánchez Carrión, Laura Marcos Fuentes, Isabel Diaz Flores, Juan Carlos Vargas, Bárbara Fernández Domínguez, Cristóbal Toro Ibañez
INTRODUCTION: Antibiotics represent one of the most widely prescribed therapeutic agents in children. It has been estimated that 30-50% of antibiotic prescriptions for this population are inappropriate. In this scenario, analysis of prescription data provides an invaluable source of information as a basis for implementing strategies for improvement in this field. OBJECTIVE: To assess the appropriateness of antibiotic prescriptions in a paediatric population at an emergency department...
July 12, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710777/update-in-enteroscopy-new-devices-and-new-indications
#11
REVIEW
Tom G Moreels
The present review provides an update of the currently available (proto-) types of device-assisted enteroscopy (DAE). In recent years, newly designed double- and single-balloon enteroscopes have emerged. They aim to improve insertion depth into the small bowel, and they also allow more efficient endoscopic interventions. Nowadays, almost all conventional endoscopic procedures are feasible using DAE, opening the door to new indications. Recently, more data have become available on pediatric DAE, DAE-assisted colonoscopy, and DAE in patients with altered anatomy, including DAE-assisted endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and direct cholangioscopy...
July 14, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703902/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-paediatric-type-2-diabetes-in-the-republic-of-ireland
#12
M I O'Dea, S M O'Connell, M J O'Grady
OBJECTIVE: To establish the prevalence of paediatric Type 2 diabetes in the Republic of Ireland and describe patient demographics, initial presentation, management, outcomes, comorbidities and complications. METHODS: Using a standardized proforma we conducted a cross-sectional survey of children and adolescents aged < 16 years with a diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes between October and December 2015 in each of the 19 centres in the Republic of Ireland responsible for the care of children with diabetes...
July 13, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695492/patterns-of-acute-poisoning-with-pesticides-in-the-paediatric-age-group
#13
Kavinda Chandimal Dayasiri, Shaluka F Jayamanne, Chamilka Y Jayasinghe
BACKGROUND: Pesticides are identified as one of the dangerous poisons globally in children and are associated with increased short- and long-term morbidity. Pesticide poisoning is the most common method of self-poisoning among adults in rural Sri Lanka, and the clinical management is associated with significant healthcare costs to the country. There is however little data published on acute pesticide poisoning among children in rural Sri Lanka. The current study aimed to comprehensively evaluate clinical profiles, harmful first aid measures, emergency clinical management, complications and outcomes related to acute pesticide poisoning among children in the rural community of Sri Lanka...
December 2017: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693504/prevalence-of-multi-drug-resistant-enteropathogenic-and-enteroinvasive-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-children-with-and-without-diarrhea-in-northeast-indian-population
#14
Karuppasamy Chellapandi, Tapan Kumar Dutta, Indu Sharma, Surajit De Mandal, Nachimuthu Senthil Kumar, Lalsanglura Ralte
BACKGROUND: Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli are associated with infantile diarrhea in the developing countries. The present study was conducted to determine the occurrence and antimicrobial resistance pattern of enteropathogenic and enteroinvasive E. coli associated with diarrhoea among the paediatric patients. METHODS: A total of 262 stool samples were collected from children with and without diarrhea from Mizoram, Northeast India. E. coli were isolated and subjected to multiplex PCR to detect virulent genes of EPEC (eaeA and bfpA) and EIEC (ial)...
July 11, 2017: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691630/web-review-pipsqc
#15
(no author information available yet)
The PIPSQC, or 'pipsqueak', website was set up by the Paediatric International Patient Safety and Quality Community. This is an informal, international collaboration between professionals who share a passion for patient safety and quality in paediatrics.
July 10, 2017: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691461/oral-manifestations-of-selective-iga-deficiency-review-and-case-report
#16
L Azzi, F Croveri, R Vinci, V Maurino, A Boggio, D Mantegazza, D Farronato, A Tagliabue, J Silvestre-Rangil, L Tettamanti
Immunoglobulin A deficiency is the most common primary immunodeficiency defined as decreased serum level of IgA (less than 7 mg/dl) in the presence of normal levels of other immunoglobulin isotypes. Most individuals with IgA deficiency are asymptomatic and identified coincidentally. However, some patients may present with recurrent infections, allergic disorders and autoimmune manifestations, such as diabetes mellitus, Graves disease and celiac disease. The international literature has not produced any kind of review yet about intra-oral manifestations of selective IgA-deficiency...
April 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691440/high-risk-of-loss-to-follow-up-among-south-african-children-on-art-during-transfer-a-retrospective-cohort-analysis-with-community-tracing
#17
Chloe A Teasdale, Nonzwakazi Sogaula, Katharine A Yuengling, Zachary J Peters, Anthony Mutiti, Lungile Pepeta, Elaine J Abrams
INTRODUCTION: Decentralization of HIV care for children has been recommended to improve paediatric outcomes by making antiretroviral treatment (ART) more accessible. We documented outcomes of children transferred after initiating ART at a large tertiary hospital in the Eastern Cape of South Africa. METHODS: Electronic medical records for all children 0-15 years initiating ART at Dora Nginza Hospital (DNH) in Port Elizabeth, South Africa January 2004 to September 2015 were examined...
June 28, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684546/introducing-routine-enquiry-about-domestic-violence-in-a-paediatric-setting
#18
Nkiru Asiegbunam
Implementation of routine enquiry (RE) about domestic abuse in the multidisciplinary Evelina London Guys and St. Thomas Trust (GSTT) Community Health Services (CHS).
July 6, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678543/paediatric-reference-values-for-total-homocysteine-tryptophan-tyrosine-and-phenylalanine-in-blood-spots
#19
Catharina E Bergwerff, Marjolein Luman, Henk J Blom, Jaap Oosterlaan
Determining blood concentrations of the amino acids homocysteine, tryptophan, tyrosine and phenylalanine in children is of value in the clinical practice. Over the past decades, the use of blood spot samples to examine amino acid concentrations is increasing rapidly. In children, the use of blood spot samples is especially of relevance, as this method is much less invasive than venous blood sampling. Currently, no paediatric reference values for amino acids in blood spots are available. The aim of the current study was to establish reference values for blood spot concentrations of total homocysteine, tryptophan, tyrosine and phenylalanine in school-age children...
July 5, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677825/the-impact-after-50-years-of-a-new-medical-education-programme-with-a-regional-workforce-mission
#20
Richard Hays, Sarah Bowles, Terry Brown, Anthony Lawler, James Vickers
BACKGROUND: Tasmania established its medical programme in 1965 to produce graduates to address medical workforce recruitment challenges. Many Tasmanian graduates work in Tasmania, but workforce problems continue. This paper reports the workforce outcomes of the first 42 graduating cohorts. METHODS: A database for all University of Tasmania medical graduates from the years 1970 to 2011 was developed by combining information from university, registration and local workforce survey databases...
July 5, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
keyword
keyword
22391
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"