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Intubated patients

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087235/hemodynamic-consequence-of-hand-ventilation-versus-machine-ventilation-during-transport-after-cardiac-surgery
#1
E Orestes O'Brien, Beverly J Newhouse, Brett Cronin, Kimberly Robbins, Albert P Nguyen, Swapnil Khoche, Ulrich Schmidt
OBJECTIVES: The hemodynamic consequences of ventilation of intubated patients during transport either by hand or using a transport ventilator have not been reported in patients after cardiac surgery. The authors hypothesized that bag-mask ventilation would alter end-tidal CO2 during transport and hemodynamic parameters in patients post-cardiac surgery. DESIGN: A prospective, randomized trial. SETTING: A university-affiliated tertiary care hospital...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081306/tracheal-intubation-in-patients-immobilized-by-a-rigid-collar-a-comparison-of-glidescope-and-an-intubating-laryngeal-mask-airway
#2
Semih Özdil, Zehra İpek Arslan Aydın, Zehra Nur Baykara, Kamil Toker, Zeynep Mine Solak
BACKGROUND/AIM: Intubation must be rapidly performed with the utmost care in cervical trauma patients. We present the first comparison of GlideScope and an intubating laryngeal mask airway (ILMA) regarding insertion and intubation times, intubation success rates, mucosal damage, need for optimization maneuvers, effects on hemodynamic changes, and postoperative minor complications in a simulated cervical injury with a Philadelphia cervical collar. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ethics committee approval and patient consent were obtained and 94 American Society of Anesthesiology physical status I or II patients were enrolled in this study...
December 20, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080292/effect-of-the-endoclear-%C3%A2-device-on-biofilm-in-endotracheal-tubes
#3
James M Bardes, Dana Gray, Alison Wilson
BACKGROUND: Organisms trapped in biofilms cause more than 80% of medical infections. Significant investments are being made to develop methods of removing these biofilms. The endOclear(®) device is reported to remove biofilm from endotracheal tubes (ETTs) and to decrease pneumonia rates and ventilator time. METHODS: This was an observational study performed at a university Level 1 trauma center intensive care unit. A series of 40 ETTs were collected at extubation, with half of the patients having been treated daily with the endOclear(®) device...
January 12, 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079763/the-comparison-of-etomidate-and-propofol-anesthesia-in-patients-undergoing-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Limin Ye, Xiangyang Xiao, Liyi Zhu
INTRODUCTION: Etomidate and propofol played an important role in the sedation of patients undergoing gastrointestinal endoscopy. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare their efficacy and safety. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed, EMbase, Web of science, EBSCO, and Cochrane library databases were systematically searched. Randomized controlled trials assessing the effect of etomidate versus propofol for the anesthesia of patients undergoing gastrointestinal endoscopy were included...
January 10, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079564/an-anesthesiologist-s-perspective-on-the-history-of-basic-airway-management-the-artisanal-anesthetic-era-1846-to-1904
#5
Adrian A Matioc
This second installment of the history of basic airway management covers the early-artisanal-years of anesthesia from 1846 to 1904. Anesthesia was invented and practiced as a supporting specialty in the context of great surgical and medical advances. The current-day anesthesia provider tends to equate the history of airway management with the history of intubation, but for the first 58 yr after the introduction of ether anesthesia, airway management was provided by basic airway techniques with or without the use of a face mask...
January 12, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078734/coronary-procedures-after-tavi-with-the-self-expanding-aortic-bioprosthesis-medtronic-corevalve%C3%A2-not-an-easy-matter
#6
Madjid Boukantar, Romain Gallet, Gauthier Mouillet, Abdelkaoui Belarbi, Vladimir Rubimbura, Julien Ternacle, Jean-Luc Dubois-Rande, Emmanuel Teiger
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the feasibility of coronary procedures after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) with the CoreValve™ device. BACKGROUND: Due to its design, CoreValve™ prosthesis may interfere with coronary procedures. Data on this issue are sparse. METHODS: Between 2007 and 2015, 550 patients underwent CoreValve™ TAVI in our hospital. Among them, 16 underwent coronary angiogram after TAVI and were included in our retrospective study...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078544/epistaxis-during-nasotracheal-intubation-a-randomized-trial-of-the-parker-flex-tip%C3%A2-nasal-endotracheal-tube-with-a-posterior-facing-bevel-versus-a-standard-nasal-rae-endotracheal-tube
#7
Rosie Earle, Enda Shanahan, Himat Vaghadia, Andrew Sawka, Raymond Tang
PURPOSE: Nasotracheal intubation is a widely performed technique to facilitate anesthesia induction during oral, dental, and maxillofacial surgeries. The technique poses several risks not encountered with oropharyngeal intubation, most commonly epistaxis due to nasal mucosal abrasion. The purpose of this study was to test whether the use of the Parker Flex-Tip™ (PFT) nasal endotracheal tube (ETT) with a posterior facing bevel reduces epistaxis when compared with the standard nasal RAE ETT with a leftward facing bevel...
January 11, 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074820/airway-management-of-the-cardiac-surgical-patients-current-perspective
#8
REVIEW
Arindam Choudhury, Nishkarsh Gupta, Rohan Magoon, Poonam Malhotra Kapoor
The difficult airway (DA) is a common problem encountered in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. However, the challenge is not only just establishment of airway but also maintaining a definitive airway for the safe conduct of cardiopulmonary bypass from initiation to weaning after surgical correction or palliation, de-airing of cardiac chambers. This review describes the management of the DA in a cardiac theater environment. The primary aims are recognition of DA both anatomical and physiological, necessary preparations for (and management of) difficult intubation and extubation...
January 2017: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074798/proseal-laryngeal-mask-airway-as-an-alternative-to-standard-endotracheal-tube-in-securing-upper-airway-in-the-patients-undergoing-beating-heart-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#9
Kalpana Shah
BACKGROUND: ProSeal laryngeal mask airways (PLMAs) are routinely used after failed tracheal intubation as airway rescue, facilitating tracheal intubation by acting as a conduit and to secure airway during emergencies. In long duration surgeries, use of endotracheal tube (ETT) is associated with various hemodynamic complications, which are minimally affected during PLMA use. However, except for few studies, there are no significant data available that promote the use of laryngeal mask during cardiac surgery...
January 2017: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074795/comparative-effect-of-grape-seed-extract-vitis-vinifera-and-ascorbic-acid-in-oxidative-stress-induced-by-on-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery
#10
Naser Safaei, Hossein Babaei, Rasoul Azarfarin, Ahmad-Reza Jodati, Alireza Yaghoubi, Mohammad-Ali Sheikhalizadeh
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to test the beneficial effect of grape seed extract (GSE) (Vitis vinifera) and Vitamin C in oxidative stress and reperfusion injury induced by cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in coronary artery bypass surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this randomized trial, 87 patients undergoing elective and isolated coronary bypass surgery included. The patients were randomly assigned into three groups (n = 29 each): (1) Control group with no treatment, (2) GSE group who received the extract 24 h before operation, 100 mg every 6 h, orally, (3) Vitamin C group who received 25 mg/kg Vitamin C through CPB during surgery...
January 2017: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074791/selection-of-an-appropriate-left-sided-double-lumen-tube-size-for-one-lung-ventilation-among-asians
#11
Siti Salwani Ideris, Muhamad Rahimi Che Hassan, Mohd Ramzisham Abdul Rahman, Joanna Su Min Ooi
CONTEXT: Selecting an appropriate size double-lumen tube (DLT) for one-lung ventilation has always been a challenge as most choose it based on experience or using the existing guidelines based on gender and height. AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine if the appropriate choice of this tube could be based on the patients' height, weight, tracheal diameter (TD), or the left main stem bronchus diameter (LMBD) and also to determine the relationship between height and depth of insertion among Asians...
January 2017: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073994/vibrating-mesh-nebulizer-compared-with-metered-dose-inhaler-in-mechanically-ventilated-subjects
#12
Meagan N Dubosky, Yi-Fan Chen, Mary E Henriksen, David L Vines
BACKGROUND: The impact of various aerosol delivery devices on patient outcomes during mechanical ventilation is unknown. If one method of delivery results in a higher ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) rate than another, multiple patient outcomes may be affected. This study aimed to determine whether there was a difference in VAP occurrence and patient outcomes (days receiving ventilation and in-hospital mortality) between the vibrating mesh nebulizer (AeroNeb Solo) and the metered-dose inhaler (MDI)...
January 10, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072931/apnoeic-oxygenation-during-intubation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
L D White, T M Melhuish, L K White, L A Wallace
Apnoeic oxygenation during intubation is used to prevent desaturation during intubation. The aim of this review was to assess whether apnoeic oxygenation during endotracheal intubation reduced the incidence of hypoxaemia. Five major databases were systematically searched for all relevant studies published up to May 2016. All study designs with a control group and a group receiving apnoeic oxygenation were included in this review. These studies were then assessed for level of evidence and risk of bias. The data were then analysed using a meta-analysis...
January 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072672/a-simplified-electroencephalogram-monitoring-system-in-the-emergency-room
#14
Masahiro Nozawa, Hiroshi Terashima, Satoshi Tsuji, Masaya Kubota
OBJECTIVES: The study aims to assess the clinical usefulness and related limitations of our simplified emergency electroencephalography (eEEG) as an assessment tool of lethal abnormal brain waves in the emergency room (ER). METHODS: Electrodes were placed on 4 places: bilateral frontal poles and parietal regions. The derivations to judge consisted of only 2 bipolar leads on the left and right. Abnormal wave was defined as either persistent rhythmic waves or persistent high-amplitude slow waves (<2 Hz)...
January 9, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070885/barriers-toward-organ-donation-in-a-danish-university-hospital
#15
P Sørensen, S J Kousgaard
BACKGROUND: In Denmark, organ donation-rates are below the average in the western countries. We investigated the donor potential and identified barriers toward organ donation in a Danish university hospital. METHODS: All patients who died in Aalborg University Hospital in 2012 were retrospectively identified. Patients with a CT- or MRI-proven deadly brain-lesion were eligible for inclusion. RESULTS: Eighty-five patients with deadly brain-lesions were included, and of these 47 patients died in the intensive care unit (ICU)...
January 10, 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070654/anesthesia-management-of-cesarean-section-in-parturient-with-anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-encephalitis-a-case-report
#16
Zhimin Liao, Xiaoqin Jiang, Juan Ni
A 24-year-old woman at 29 weeks' gestation, and with psychiatric symptoms, was admitted to hospital and diagnosed as having anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis. After 4 weeks of immunotherapy with little effect, an emergency cesarean section was performed at 33(+4) weeks gestation under general anesthesia. The parturient was intubated after rapid sequence induction with etomidate, remifentanil and succinylcholine. Anesthesia was maintained with sevoflurane and remifentanil. Except for low weight, the infant was normal at birth...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070476/evaluating-screening-colonoscopy-quality-in-an-uninsured-urban-population-following-patient-navigation
#17
Keith Naylor, Cassandra Fritz, Blase Polite, Karen Kim
Patient navigation (PN) increases screening colonoscopy completion in minority and uninsured populations. However, colonoscopy quality is under-reported in the setting of PN and quality indicators have often failed to meet benchmark standards. This study investigated screening colonoscopy quality indicators after year-one of a PN initiative targeting the medically uninsured. This was a retrospective analysis of 296 outpatient screening colonoscopies. Patients were 45 to 75 years of age with no history of bowel cancer, inflammatory bowel disease, or colorectal surgery...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069419/hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-for-the-prevention-of-arterial-gas-embolism-in-food-grade-hydrogen-peroxide-ingestion
#18
Stephen M Hendriksen, Nicholas L Menth, Bjorn C Westgard, Jon B Cole, Joseph W Walter, Thomas C Masters, Christopher J Logue
Food grade hydrogen peroxide ingestion is a relatively rare presentation to the emergency department. There are no defined guidelines at this time regarding the treatment of such exposures, and providers may not be familiar with the potential complications associated with high concentration hydrogen peroxide ingestions. In this case series, we describe four patients who consumed 35% hydrogen peroxide, presented to the emergency department, and were treated with hyperbaric oxygen therapy. Two of the four patients were critically ill requiring intubation...
December 14, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067569/optimizing-postoperative-handover-to-the-intensive-care-unit-at-a-tertiary-centre
#19
Shankar Kumar, Andrew R McKean, Andrew Ramwell, Carolyn Johnston, Susannah Leaver
BACKGROUND: Comprehensive handover of patients transferred from operating theatre to the intensive care unit is crucial in ensuring ongoing quality and safety of care. Handover in this setting poses unique challenges, yet few studies have considered or tested approaches to improve the process. A quality improvement project was undertaken to assess and improve the quality of information transfer during the handover of postoperative patients to the general intensive care unit at a tertiary centre...
January 2, 2017: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067567/hypopharyngeal-lymphoepithelial-cyst-in-a-patient-with-a-history-of-difficult-intubation
#20
Pei-Hsun Liao, Yu-Hsuan Lin, Ting-Shou Chang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2, 2017: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
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