keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Gigantism

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333032/macrodystrophia-lipomatosa-clinico-patho-radiological-correlation
#1
Rakesh Mehra, Richa Bhartiya, Pallavi Agrawal, Nawanita Kumari
Macrodystrophia lipomatosa is a rare congenital nonhereditary developmental anomaly. It is characterized by hamartomatous proliferation of the soft tissue leading to disproportionate enlargement of the limbs and digits. Since it leads to diagnostic dilemma, it has to be differentiated from various other conditions as they differ in course, prognosis, complications, and treatment. Herein, we present two cases with localized gigantism and discuss the various differential diagnoses and need for clinico-patho-radilogical correlation for diagnosis of this rare entity...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326974/the-largest-deep-ocean-silicic-volcanic-eruption-of-the-past-century
#2
Rebecca Carey, S Adam Soule, Michael Manga, James White, Jocelyn McPhie, Richard Wysoczanski, Martin Jutzeler, Kenichiro Tani, Dana Yoerger, Daniel Fornari, Fabio Caratori-Tontini, Bruce Houghton, Samuel Mitchell, Fumihiko Ikegami, Chris Conway, Arran Murch, Kristen Fauria, Meghan Jones, Ryan Cahalan, Warren McKenzie
The 2012 submarine eruption of Havre volcano in the Kermadec arc, New Zealand, is the largest deep-ocean eruption in history and one of very few recorded submarine eruptions involving rhyolite magma. It was recognized from a gigantic 400-km2 pumice raft seen in satellite imagery, but the complexity of this event was concealed beneath the sea surface. Mapping, observations, and sampling by submersibles have provided an exceptionally high fidelity record of the seafloor products, which included lava sourced from 14 vents at water depths of 900 to 1220 m, and fragmental deposits including giant pumice clasts up to 9 m in diameter...
January 2018: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324790/frog-size-on-continental-islands-of-the-coast-of-rio-de-janeiro-and-the-generality-of-the-island-rule
#3
Raoni Rebouças, Hélio Ricardo da Silva, Mirco Solé
Island Rule postulated that individuals on islands tend to dwarfism when individuals from mainland populations are large and to gigantism when mainland populations present small individuals. There has been much discussion about this rule, but only few studies were carried out aiming to reveal this pattern for anurans. Our study focused on measuring the size of individuals on islands and to find a possible pattern of size modification for insular anurans. Individuals were collected on continental islands, measured and compared to mainland populations...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323161/lack-of-fgf18-causes-abnormal-clustering-of-motor-nerve-terminals-at-the-neuromuscular-junction-with-reduced-acetylcholine-receptor-clusters
#4
Kenyu Ito, Bisei Ohkawara, Hideki Yagi, Hiroaki Nakashima, Mikito Tsushima, Kyotaro Ota, Hiroyuki Konishi, Akio Masuda, Shiro Imagama, Hiroshi Kiyama, Naoki Ishiguro, Kinji Ohno
FGF receptor 2 is involved in the formation of the neuromuscular junction (NMJ), but its in vivo ligand remains to be determined. Laser capture microdissection of the mouse spinal motor neurons (SMNs) revealed that Fgf18 mRNA is highly expressed in SMNs in adults. Expression of Fgf18 mRNA was the highest in the spinal cord at embryonic day (E) 15.5, which gradually decreased to postnatal day 7. FGF18 protein was localized at the NMJs of the tibialis anterior muscle at E18.5 and in adults. Fgf18-/- mice at E18...
January 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321564/spin-coupling-induced-improper-polarizations-and-latent-magnetization-in-multiferroic-bifeo3
#5
Hyun Myung Jang, Hyeon Han, Jung-Hoon Lee
Multiferroic BiFeO3 (BFO) that exhibits a gigantic off-centering polarization (OCP) is the most extensively studied material among all multiferroics. In addition to this gigantic OCP, the BFO having R3c structural symmetry is expected to exhibit a couple of parasitic improper polarizations owing to coexisting spin-polarization coupling mechanisms. However, these improper polarizations are not yet theoretically quantified. Herein, we show that there exist two distinct spin-coupling-induced improper polarizations in the R3c BFO on the basis of the Landau-Lifshitz-Ginzburg theory: ΔP LF arising from the Lifshitz gradient coupling in a cycloidal spin-density wave, and ΔP ms originating from the biquadratic magnetostrictive interaction...
January 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310664/pathogenicity-of-rice-yellow-mottle-virus-and-screening-of-rice-accessions-from-the-central-african-republic
#6
Regis Dimitri Sokpe Longue, Valentin Stanislas Edgar Traore, Innocent Zinga, Maxwell Darko Asante, Zakaria Bouda, James Bouma Neya, Nicolas Barro, Oumar Traore
BACKGROUND: Rice yellow mottle virus (RYMV) of the genus Sobemovirus is the most important viral pathogen of rice causing more damage to rice crop in Sub Saharan Africa. The aim of this study was to conduct pathogenic characterization of RYMV isolates from the Central African Republic (CAR) and to screen commonly cultivated rice accessions in the country for resistance/tolerance to the virus. METHODS: The pathogenicity of RYMV isolates was studied by mechanical inoculation with comparison to differential rice lines highly resistant to RYMV available at the Institute of Environment and Agricultural Research (INERA) in Burkina Faso...
January 8, 2018: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301794/surgical-trauma-induces-overgrowth-in-lower-limb-gigantism-regulation-with-use-of-rapamycin-is-promising
#7
Rohan Sebastian Pinto, William David Harrison, Kenneth Graham, Durai Nayagam
We describe an unclassified overgrowth syndrome characterised by unregulated growth of dermal fibroblasts in the lower limbs of a 35-year-old woman. A PIK3CA gene mutation resulted in lower limb gigantism. Below the waist, she weighed 117 kg with each leg measuring over 100 cm in circumference. Her total adiposity was 50% accounted for by her legs mainly. Liposuction and surgical debulking were performed to reduce the size of the limbs but had exacerbated the overgrowth in her lower limbs. Systemic sepsis from an infected foot ulcer necessitated treatment by an above-knee amputation...
January 4, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298825/bone-histological-correlates-for-air-sacs-and-their-implications-for-understanding-the-origin-of-the-dinosaurian-respiratory-system
#8
Markus Lambertz, Filippo Bertozzo, P Martin Sander
Air sacs are an important component of the avian respiratory system, and corresponding structures also were crucial for the evolution of sauropod dinosaur gigantism. Inferring the presence of air sacs in fossils so far is restricted to bones preserving internal pneumatic cavities and foramina as osteological correlates. We here present bone histological correlates for air sacs as a new potential identification tool for these elements of the respiratory system. The analysis of several avian and non-avian dinosaur samples revealed delicate fibres in secondary trabecular and secondary endosteal bone that in the former case (birds) is known or in the latter (non-avian dinosaurs) assumed to have been in contact with air sacs, respectively...
January 2018: Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282388/a-rare-case-of-intraductal-tubulopapillary-neoplasm-of-the-pancreas-rupturing-and-causing-acute-peritonitis
#9
Akira Umemura, Kazuyuki Ishida, Hiroyuki Nitta, Takeshi Takahara, Yasushi Hasegawa, Kenji Makabe, Akira Sasaki
An intraductal tubulopapillary neoplasm (ITPN) is a very rare pancreatic tumor. Here we report an extremely rare case of an ITPN rupturing and causing acute peritonitis. A 50-year-old woman presented with left flank pain and vomiting. A computed tomography (CT) scan revealed gigantic multilocular cysts in the pancreatic tail and massive fluid collection in the abdominal cavity. The serum, urine, and abdominal fluid amylase levels were highly elevated, so she was conservatively treated with intraperitoneal drainage and antibiotics for a diagnosis of ruptured pancreatic cysts...
September 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278620/95th-anniversary-of-pathophysiology-in-croatia
#10
Zdenko Kovač
University level of Pathophysiology research and teaching in Croatia had started with the third year of Medical School of Zagreb in academic year 1919./20. Ever since, despite historical changes of the main university stake holder, the state of Croatia, Department of Pathophysiology development progressed and has made visible academic achievements, with a broader effect in medical community. The first 95 years of academic tradition and major achievements are shortly described in this paper. Professor Miroslav Mikuličić envisioned Pathophysiology in close relations with Pharmacology and made the pioneering steps of establishing the "double" department at Šalata...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260312/-dwarf-with-gigantic-future-potential
#11
EDITORIAL
M S Spitzer, S Schnichels
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 19, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250699/surgical-treatment-in-a-case-of-giant-macrodystrophia-lipomatosa-of-the-forefoot
#12
Romulus Fabian Tatu, Dan Nelu Anuşca, Alis Liliana Carmen Dema, Lucian Petru Jiga, Mihai Hurmuz, Carmen Sofica Tatu, Mihai Ionac, Monica Adriana Vaida
Macrodystrophia lipomatosa is a rare, congenital, non-hereditary disease, characterized by local gigantism of the fingers or toes. We report the case of a 37-month-old boy, with no prior past medical history, who presented with a gigantic dystrophy of the left forefoot. The location of the deformity was involving the plantar and dorsal aspect of the foot, and digits 1 to 4. After clinical examination, imaging study assessment, and differential diagnosis considerations, it was established that macrodystrophia lipomatosa was the cause of the deformity...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233963/a-paleocene-penguin-from-new-zealand-substantiates-multiple-origins-of-gigantism-in-fossil-sphenisciformes
#13
Gerald Mayr, R Paul Scofield, Vanesa L De Pietri, Alan J D Tennyson
One of the notable features of penguin evolution is the occurrence of very large species in the early Cenozoic, whose body size greatly exceeded that of the largest extant penguins. Here we describe a new giant species from the late Paleocene of New Zealand that documents the very early evolution of large body size in penguins. Kumimanu biceae, n. gen. et sp. is larger than all other fossil penguins that have substantial skeletal portions preserved. Several plesiomorphic features place the new species outside a clade including all post-Paleocene giant penguins...
December 12, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231444/-analysis-on-property-of-meridian-supramolecules-by-biological-evolution-path
#14
Kaiwen Deng, Yeqin Tao, Wenhan Tang, Fuyuan He, Wenlong Liu, Jilian Shi, Yantao Yang, Yiqun Zhou, Xiaorong Chang
With human placed in the whole nature, by following the biologic evolution path, the property of channel structure for "imprinting template" in meridian and zang-fu was explored with supramolecular chemistry. In the history of biologic evolution, each molecule in "molecule society" gradually developed into various highly-ordered supramolecular bodies based on self-identification, self-assembly, self-organization, self-replicating of"imprinting template", and thereby the original biochemical system was established, and finally evolved into human...
March 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220675/exome-wide-association-study-identifies-greb1l-mutations-in-congenital-kidney-malformations
#15
Simone Sanna-Cherchi, Kamal Khan, Rik Westland, Priya Krithivasan, Lorraine Fievet, Hila Milo Rasouly, Iuliana Ionita-Laza, Valentina P Capone, David A Fasel, Krzysztof Kiryluk, Sitharthan Kamalakaran, Monica Bodria, Edgar A Otto, Matthew G Sampson, Christopher E Gillies, Virginia Vega-Warner, Katarina Vukojevic, Igor Pediaditakis, Gabriel S Makar, Adele Mitrotti, Miguel Verbitsky, Jeremiah Martino, Qingxue Liu, Young-Ji Na, Vinicio Goj, Gianluigi Ardissino, Maddalena Gigante, Loreto Gesualdo, Magdalena Janezcko, Marcin Zaniew, Cathy Lee Mendelsohn, Shirlee Shril, Friedhelm Hildebrandt, Joanna A E van Wijk, Adela Arapovic, Marijan Saraga, Landino Allegri, Claudia Izzi, Francesco Scolari, Velibor Tasic, Gian Marco Ghiggeri, Anna Latos-Bielenska, Anna Materna-Kiryluk, Shrikant Mane, David B Goldstein, Richard P Lifton, Nicholas Katsanis, Erica E Davis, Ali G Gharavi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2017: American Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217712/cantos-a-gigantic-proof-of-concept-trial
#16
Borja Ibañez, Valentin Fuster
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211712/synchrotron-scanning-reveals-amphibious-ecomorphology-in-a-new-clade-of-bird-like-dinosaurs
#17
Andrea Cau, Vincent Beyrand, Dennis F A E Voeten, Vincent Fernandez, Paul Tafforeau, Koen Stein, Rinchen Barsbold, Khishigjav Tsogtbaatar, Philip J Currie, Pascal Godefroit
Maniraptora includes birds and their closest relatives among theropod dinosaurs. During the Cretaceous period, several maniraptoran lineages diverged from the ancestral coelurosaurian bauplan and evolved novel ecomorphologies, including active flight, gigantism, cursoriality and herbivory. Propagation X-ray phase-contrast synchrotron microtomography of a well-preserved maniraptoran from Mongolia, still partially embedded in the rock matrix, revealed a mosaic of features, most of them absent among non-avian maniraptorans but shared by reptilian and avian groups with aquatic or semiaquatic ecologies...
December 21, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200280/a-gigantic-molecular-wheel-of-gd140-a-new-member-of-the-molecular-wheel-family
#18
Xiu-Ying Zheng, You-Hong Jiang, Gui-Lin Zhuang, Da-Peng Liu, Hong-Gang Liao, Xiang-Jian Kong, La-Sheng Long, Lan-Sun Zheng
Nanoscale inorganic wheel-shaped structures are one of the most striking molecular aggregations. Here, we report the synthesis of a gigantic lanthanide wheel cluster containing 140 Gd3+ atoms. As the largest lanthanide cluster reported thus far, {Gd140} features an attractive wheel-like structure with tenfold symmetry. The nanoscopic molecular wheel possesses the largest diameter of 6.0 nm and displays high stability in solution, which allows direct visualization by scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM)...
December 4, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180665/assessment-of-unusual-gigantic-jets-observed-during-the-monsoon-season-first-observations-from-indian-subcontinent
#19
Rajesh Singh, Ajeet K Maurya, Olivier Chanrion, Torsten Neubert, Steven A Cummer, Janusz Mlynarczyk, Morris B Cohen, Devendraa Siingh, Sushil Kumar
Gigantic Jets are electric discharges from thunderstorm cloud tops to the bottom of ionosphere at ~90 km altitude and electrically connect the troposphere and lower ionosphere. Since their first report in 2002, sporadic observations have been reported from ground and space based observations. Here we report first observations of Gigantic Jets in Indian subcontinent over the Indo-Gangetic plains during the monsoon season. Two storms each produced two jets with characteristics not documented so far. Jets propagated ~37 km up remarkably in ~5 ms with velocity of ~7...
November 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179743/visceral-and-subcutaneous-abdominal-adiposity-and-pulmonary-function-in-30-year-old-adults-a-cross-sectional-analysis-nested-in-a-birth-cohort
#20
Paula Duarte de Oliveira, Fernando César Wehrmeister, Bernardo Lessa Horta, Rogelio Pérez-Padilla, Giovanny Vinícius Araújo de França, Denise P Gigante, Fernando C Barros, Ken K Ong, Emanuella De Lucia Rolfe, Ana Maria Baptista Menezes
BACKGROUND: Several studies have verified body fat distribution in association with pulmonary function (PF), mainly waist circumference, but few have used measures able to distinguish abdominal fat compartments. The present study aims to verify the association of visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) with PF measures. METHODS: In 1982, all hospital births occurring in Pelotas, Brazil, were identified and those livebirths have been followed...
November 28, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
keyword
keyword
22384
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"