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Systemic lupus erythematosis

Jitesh Ahuja, Deepika Arora, Jeffrey P Kanne, Travis S Henry, J David Godwin
Connective tissue diseases (CTDs) are a heterogeneous group of conditions characterized by circulating autoantibodies and autoimmune-mediated organ damage. Common CTDs with lung manifestations are rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma or systemic sclerosis, Sjögren syndrome, polymyositis/dermatomyositis, systemic lupus erythematosis, mixed connective tissue disease, and undifferentiated connective tissue disease. The most common histopathologic patterns of CTD-related interstitial lung disease are nonspecific interstitial pneumonia, usual interstitial pneumonia, organizing pneumonia, and lymphoid interstitial pneumonia...
November 2016: Radiologic Clinics of North America
Ida Dzifa Dey, Jerry Coleman, Harriet Kwarko, Michael Mate-Kole
OBJECTIVE: To study maternal and fetal outcomes in Ghanaian women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: Retrospective study of pregnancies in women with SLE in a single centre in Ghana. RESULTS: The mean age was 30.1 years and all were nulliparous. Two out of the seven pregnancies were in disease remission at the time of booking. Nephritis without renal impairment was present in 7 pregnancies (6 women). One woman developed intrapartum eclampsia...
June 2016: Ghana Medical Journal
Renu Regunathan-Shenk, Jai Radhakrishnan
Systemic Lupus Erythematosis (SLE) is a heterogeneous and complex disease produced by diverse pathogenic events in the innate and adaptive immune system. Lupus nephritis affects over half of all patients with lupus and leads to substantial morbidity and mortality. This review presents our current understanding of the development of lupus nephritis and examines the role of genetics and epigenetics in further elucidating the pathogenesis of the disease. Advancements in genomics are leading the way to better understanding and novel biologic therapies for SLE...
June 13, 2016: Current Rheumatology Reviews
Kari Hemminki, Xiangdong Liu, Jianguang Ji, Asta Försti
Autoimmune diseases (ADs) are associated with a number of B-cell neoplasms but the associations are selective in regard to the type of neoplasm and the conferred risks are variable. So far no mechanistic bases for these differential associations have been demonstrated. We speculate that developmental origin of B-cells might propose a mechanistic rationale for their carcinogenic response to autoimmune stimuli and tested the hypothesis on our previous studies on the risks of B-cell neoplasms after any of 33 ADs...
2016: PloS One
Sumbal Nasir Mahmood, Kunwer Naveed Mukhtar, Saima Deen, Faiza Nafees Khan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Systemic lupus erythematosis (SLE) is an inflammatory disorder associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Kidneys are frequently affected in SLE and various stages of lupus nephritis have been identified based on severity of the disease. Treatment varies with the staging and correct diagnosis is essential for timely intervention as it can have significant impact on morbidity and mortality. The objective of the study was to determine whether laboratory parameters of lupus nephritis (LN); including urinalysis, serum creatinine (S...
January 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
A Najm, B Le Goff, A Achille, O Espitia, C Durant, F Perrin, C Agard
INTRODUCTION: Jaccoud's arthropathy (JA) is a chronic and non-erosive deforming arthropathy, usually affecting the hands. JA pathophysiology is poorly known but involves periarticular structures such as tendons and the joint capsule. JA is associated with various conditions including the connective tissue disease, especially systemic lupus erythematosis. JA has been rarely described and studied in systemic sclerosis. CASE REPORTS: We report the clinical histories of 3 patients with systemic sclerosis (ScS) who developed JA...
October 2016: La Revue de Médecine Interne
Wen-Nan Huang, Tim K Tso, Hsiao-Chih Wu, Hsiu-Fen Yang, Gregory J Tsay
AIM: Serologically active clinically quiescent (SACQ) patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) account for 8-12% of all patients with SLE, but there is disagreement about whether such patients are indeed clinically stable. Patients with clinically active SLE have decreased macrophage function, although the status of SACQ patients with SLE is unclear. METHOD: This study compared 18 patients who met the diagnostic criteria for SACQ SLE with 18 healthy volunteers with regard to the capability of macrophages to clear apoptotic bodies by use of a modified serum-free phagocytosis test...
December 22, 2015: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
Hui Jin, Guiying Zhang, Ying Zhou, Christopher Chang, Qianjin Lu
Patients with lupus erythematosus (LE) specific cutaneous manifestations distributed along the lines of Blaschko are seldom encountered in clinic. In this paper, we reported 5 new cases and perform a systematic review of all the published cases in the English and Chinese literature. We provide a comprehensive summary of the clinical manifestations and explore potential etiology and pathogenesis. Sixty-eight published papers (53 English and 15 Chinese) and 93 cases (including 5 cases reported by us) were included in the analysis...
April 2016: Autoimmunity Reviews
Yanpeng Diao, Rajesh Mohandas, Pui Lee, Zhiyu Liu, Larysa Sautina, Wei Mu, Shiyu Li, Xuerong Wen, Byron Croker, Mark S Segal
OBJECTIVE: Patients with systemic lupus erythematosis are at risk for premature atherosclerosis and half of the patients with systemic lupus erythematosis have elevated type I interferon (IFN-I) levels. We hypothesized that IFN-I would induce premature atherosclerosis by increasing the number of smooth muscle progenitor cells (SMPC) in the bloodstream and promoting atherosclerotic lesions within the vasculature. APPROACH AND RESULTS: SMPC isolated from wild-type and IFN receptor knockout animals were cultured in medium±IFN-I...
February 2016: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
Preeti Nargund, Neeraja Kambham, Kshama Mehta, Richard A Lafayette
BACKGROUND: A recent classification of membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN) utilizes the presence of immunoglobulin and complements to simplify diagnosis and point towards disease etiology. Here, we evaluate a historic cohort of patients with idiopathic MPGN using the new classification system and correlate it with clinical outcome. METHODS: We identified 281 patients diagnosed with MPGN at Stanford from 2000 to 2012. Patients with hepatitis, systemic lupus erythematosis, lymphomas, and plasma cell dyscrasias were excluded...
December 2015: Clinical Nephrology
Sanket Srinivasa, Wai G Lee, Ali Aldameh, Jonathan B Koea
BACKGROUND: A spontaneous hepatic haemorrhage (SHH) is a rare condition that presents acutely to both hepatobiliary and general surgeons. Management of the condition is challenging because of the emergent presentation requiring immediate intervention, the presence of underlying chronic liver disease and the multiple potential underlying aetiological conditions. METHODS: A literature search on a spontaneous hepatic haemorrhage was instituted on Medline (1966-2014), Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials, EMBASE (1947-2014), PubMed, Web of Science and Google Scholar...
October 2015: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
Harriet J Forbes, Sara L Thomas, Liam Smeeth, Tim Clayton, Ruth Farmer, Krishnan Bhaskaran, Sinéad M Langan
Patients with herpes zoster can develop persistent pain after rash healing, a complication known as postherpetic neuralgia. By preventing zoster through vaccination, the risk of this common complication is reduced. We searched MEDLINE and Embase for studies assessing risk factors for postherpetic neuralgia, with a view to informing vaccination policy. Nineteen prospective studies were identified. Meta-analysis showed significant increases in the risk of postherpetic neuralgia with clinical features of acute zoster including prodromal pain (summary rate ratio 2...
January 2016: Pain
Brigitte Maurer, Ivan Bosanac, Steven Shia, Mandy Kwong, Racquel Corpuz, Richard Vandlen, Kerstin Schmidt, Charles Eigenbrot
Interferons-alpha (IFN-α) are the expressed gene products comprising thirteen type I interferons with protein pairwise sequence similarities in the 77-96% range. Three other widely expressed human type I interferons, IFN-β, IFN-κ and IFN-ω have sequences 29-33%, 29-32% and 56-60% similar to the IFN-αs, respectively. Type I interferons act on immune cells by producing subtly different immune-modulatory effects upon binding to the extracellular domains of a heterodimeric cell-surface receptor composed of IFNAR1 and IFNAR2, most notably anti-viral effects...
September 2015: Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society
Sudha Jimson, N Balachader, N Anita, R Babu
Immune mediated diseases of oral cavity are uncommon. The lesions may be self-limiting and undergo remission spontaneously. Among the immune mediated oral lesions the most important are lichen planus, pemphigus, erythema multiformi, epidermolysis bullosa, systemic lupus erythematosis. Cellular and humoral mediated immunity play a major role directed against epithelial and connective tissue in chronic and recurrent patterns. Confirmatory diagnosis can be made by biopsy, direct and indirect immunoflouresence, immune precipitation and immunoblotting...
April 2015: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
Ekaterina Klimatcheva, Tracy Pandina, Christine Reilly, Sebold Torno, Holm Bussler, Maria Scrivens, Alan Jonason, Crystal Mallow, Michael Doherty, Mark Paris, Ernest S Smith, Maurice Zauderer
BACKGROUND: Homeostatic B Cell-Attracting chemokine 1 (BCA-1) otherwise known as CXCL13 is constitutively expressed in secondary lymphoid organs by follicular dendritic cells (FDC) and macrophages. It is the only known ligand for the CXCR5 receptor, which is expressed on mature B cells, follicular helper T cells (Tfh), Th17 cells and regulatory T (Treg) cells. Aberrant expression of CXCL13 within ectopic germinal centers has been linked to the development of autoimmune disorders (e.g...
2015: BMC Immunology
Mohamed Elsharawy, Manal Hasan, Ibrahiem Saeed Abdul-Rahman, Bandar Al-Dhofairy, Ayman Elsaid
Widespread arterial and venous thrombosis is a very rare initial presentation of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We report a case with extensive vascular occlusion as the initial manifestation of SLE. Although these cases have high morbidity and mortality, yet our patient recovered with minimal complications.
April 2015: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
Hisham S Abdelrahman, Heba S Selim, Mona H Hashish, Lobna I Sultan
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory disorder of the central nervous system. Many diseases are associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection, such as infectious mononucleosis and many types of malignancies, and it is thought to be related to some diseases of autoimmune origin, such as rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosis, and others. The present study aimed to assess EBV in patients with MS. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This case-control study was conducted from October 2012 to September 2013 on 75 MS patients and non-MS controls...
August 2014: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
Pasquale Donnarumma, Angelo Pichierri, Roberto Tarantino, Andrea Gennaro Ruggeri, Manila Antonelli, Roberto Delfini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2014: Brain Pathology
Paul T Akins, Yekaterina Axelrod, James W Silverthorn, Kern Guppy, Amit Banerjee, Mark W Hawk
INTRODUCTION: Recognition of severe forms of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) has improved. Management of these patients remains challenging, particularly in patients with the combination of edema and hemorrhage. METHODS: A prospective inpatient neuro-intensive care database was queried for patients with PRES. Malignant PRES was diagnosed by clinical assessments (GCS less than 8 and clinical decline despite standard medical management for elevated intracranial pressure) and radiographic criteria (edema with associated mass effect; brain hemorrhage exerting mass effect; effacement of basal cisterns, transtentorial, tonsillar, or uncal herniation)...
October 2014: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Yury Kit, Rostyslav Bilyy, Nataliya Korniy, Andriy Tomin, Valentyna Chop'yak, Yaroslav Tolstyak, Volodymyr Antonyuk, Rostyslav Stoika
Sialation of cell surface is known to be tightly connected with tumorigenicity, invasiveness, metastatic potential and clearance of aged cells, while sialation of immunoglobulin G (IgG) molecules determines their anti-inflammatory properties. Recently, we have found for the first time IgG-antibodies possessing sialidase-like activity (sialylic abzyme) in blood serum of multiple myeloma and systemic lupus erythematosis patients. This abzyme was detected in a pool of IgGs purified by a typical procedure including immunoglobulin's precipitation with ammonium sulfate and following chromatography on protein G-Sepharose column...
March 2015: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
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