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Sex worker

Ibrahim Ali Kabbash, Ehab A Abo Ali, Mostafa Mahmoud Elgendy, Mostafa Mohamed Abdrabo, Helal Mohamed Salem, Mohammed Ramadan Gouda, Yousef Saleh Elbasiony, Nader Elboshy, Mohammed Hamed
HIV/AIDS-related stigma and discrimination among health care professionals is one of the most important factors of this disease expansion. This study aimed to assess the stigmatized attitude among health care providers toward people living with HIV (PLHIV) at Tanta University Hospitals. The study is a cross-sectional survey. Data was gathered from randomly selected 310 health care workers at Tanta University Hospital using a structured questionnaire. Among studied participants, only 24.0 % had previous contact with HIV patients during work and 21...
October 18, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Yvonne N Flores, Rafael Velázquez-Cruz, Paula Ramírez, Manuel Bañuelos, Zuo-Feng Zhang, Hal F Yee, Shen-Chih Chang, Samuel Canizales-Quinteros, Manuel Quiterio, Guillermo Cabrera-Alvarez, Nelly Patiño, Jorge Salmerón
There is scarce information about the link between specific single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and risk of liver disease among Latinos, despite the disproportionate burden of disease among this population. Our aim was to investigate nine SNPs in or near the following genes: PNPLA3, LYPLAL1, PPP1R3B, GCKR, NCAN, IRS1, PPARG, and ADIPOR2 and examine their association with persistently elevated alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) levels in Mexican adults. Data and samples were collected from 741 participants in the Mexican Health Worker Cohort Study, in Cuernavaca, Mexico...
October 17, 2016: Molecular Biology Reports
Kim Tran, Chaim Bell, Nathan Stall, George Tomlinson, Allison McGeer, Andrew Morris, Michael Gardam, Howard B Abrams
BACKGROUND: Isolation precautions have negative effects on patient safety, psychological well-being, and healthcare worker contact. However, it is not known whether isolation precautions affect certain hospital-related outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of isolation precautions on hospital-related outcomes and cost of care. DESIGN: Retrospective, propensity-score matched cohort study of inpatients admitted to general internal medicine (GIM) services at three academic hospitals in Toronto, Ontario, Canada between January 2010 and December 2012...
October 17, 2016: Journal of General Internal Medicine
Daniella Barreto, Kate Shannon, Chrissy Taylor, Sabina Dobrer, Jessica St Jean, Shira M Goldenberg, Putu Duff, Kathleen N Deering
This research aimed to determine the effect of food insecurity on sexual HIV risk with clients among youth sex workers (YSWs) <30 years in Metro Vancouver, Canada. Data were drawn from a prospective community cohort of sex workers (2010-2013). We examined the independent relationship between YSWs' food insecurity and being pressured into sex without a condom by clients ("client condom refusal"). Of 220 YSWs, 34.5 % (n = 76) reported client condom refusal over the 3.5-year study period and 76.4 % (n = 168) reported any food insecurity...
October 17, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
Victor Grech, Dorota Zammit, Hagen Scherb
Males are usually born in excess of females. The sex ratio at birth (SR) is often expressed as the ratio of male to total births. A wide variety of factors have been shown to influence SR, including terrorist attacks, which have been shown to reduce SR. This paper reviews the effects on SR outcomes of the stressful events in France in 1968 (in association with the student and worker riots) and in Japan following the Aum Shinrikyo religious cult's attack on the Tokyo subway using sarin nerve gas in 1995. Both countries displayed seasonal variation in SR...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
Yeongchull Choi, Jaeyoung Kim, Jung Jeung Lee, Jae Kwan Jun, Won Jin Lee
OBJECTIVES: Diagnostic medical radiation workers in Korea have been officially monitored for their occupational radiation doses since 1996. The purpose of this study was to design models for reconstructing unknown individual radiation doses to which diagnostic radiation technologists were exposed before 1996. METHODS: Radiation dose reconstruction models were developed by using cross-sectional survey data and the personal badge doses of 8167 radiologic technologists...
September 2016: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
Alissa Davis, Beth E Meyerson, Blessing Aghaulor, Katherine Brown, Adisyn Watson, Kathryn E Muessig, Ligang Yang, Joseph D Tucker
BACKGROUND: Increased trade between China and Uganda has fueled trafficking of female Ugandans into China. These women may face challenges accessing health services. This study focused on examining barriers to health care access among female Ugandan sex workers in China. METHODS: In 2014, we undertook in-depth interviews with 19 female Ugandan sex workers in Guangzhou, China. Interviews focused on barriers to health service access and were analyzed using an a priori coding framework followed by open-coding to capture emergent themes...
October 14, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
Shelly Lachish, Elena Svirko, Michael J Goldacre, Trevor Lambert
BACKGROUND: The greater participation of women in medicine in recent years, and recent trends showing that doctors of both sexes work fewer hours than in the past, present challenges for medical workforce planning. In this study, we provide a detailed analysis of the characteristics of doctors who choose to work less-than-full-time (LTFT). We aimed to determine the influence of these characteristics on the probability of working LTFT. METHODS: We used data on working patterns obtained from long-term surveys of 10,866 UK-trained doctors...
October 13, 2016: Human Resources for Health
Aladdin Shadyab, Kenrad E Nelson, Ram Rangsin
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic in Thailand was first recognized in 1988 among injection drug users (IDUs) in Bangkok. Soon thereafter, HIV infections were reported among female sex workers (FSWs) and men attending sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics. Routine serological surveillance for HIV began in 1991 among young men who were conscripted annually into the Royal Thai Army (RTA). The data from these populations provided a national population-based sample to determine sexual behaviors and HIV prevalence among sexually active young men...
October 6, 2016: Current HIV Research
Angela M Parcesepe, Kelly L L'Engle, Sandra L Martin, Sherri Green, Chirayath Suchindran, Peter Mwarogo
Between 20 and 40 % of female sex workers (FSWs) began sex work before age 18. Little is known concerning whether early initiation of sex work impacts later experiences in adulthood, including violence victimization. This paper examines the relationship between early initiation of sex work and violence victimization during adulthood. The sample included 816 FSWs in Mombasa, Kenya, recruited from HIV prevention drop-in centers who were 18 years or older and moderate-risk drinkers. Early initiation was defined as beginning sex work at 17 or younger...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
Charifa Zemouri, Teodora Elvira Wi, James Kiarie, Armando Seuc, Vittal Mogasale, Ahmed Latif, Nathalie Broutet
BACKGROUND: This review aimed to synthesize and analyze the diagnostic accuracy and the likelihood of providing correct treatment of the syndromic approach Vaginal Discharge Flowchart in managing cervical infections caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) and Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), and vaginal infections caused by Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) and Bacterial vaginosis (BV) and Candida albicans. This review will inform updating the WHO 2003 guidelines on Vaginal Discharge syndromic case management...
2016: PloS One
Jessica M Sales, Andrea Swartzendruber, Ashley L Phillips
The high prevalence of trauma and its negative impact on health and health-promoting behaviors underscore the need for multi-level interventions to address trauma and its associated sequelae to improve physical and mental well-being in both HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected populations. Growing global awareness of the intersection of trauma and HIV has resulted in development and testing of interventions to address trauma in the context of HIV treatment and HIV prevention in the USA and globally. Despite increasing recognition of the widespread nature of trauma and the importance of trauma to HIV transmission around the globe, several gaps remain...
October 4, 2016: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
Lei Zhou, Ruiqi Ren, Jianming Ou, Min Kang, Xiaoxiao Wang, Fiona Havers, Xiang Huo, Xiaoqing Liu, Qianlai Sun, Yongchao He, Bo Liu, Shenggen Wu, Yali Wang, Haitian Sui, Yongjie Zhang, Shaopei Tang, Caiyun Chang, Lunhui Xiang, Dong Wang, Shiguang Zhao, Suizan Zhou, Tao Chen, Nijuan Xiang, Carolyn M Greene, Yanping Zhang, Yuelong Shu, Zijian Feng, Qun Li
Background.  Human infections with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus have been associated with exposure to poultry and live poultry markets (LPMs). We conducted a case-control study to identify additional and more specific risk factors. Methods.  Cases were laboratory-confirmed A(H7N9) infections in persons in China reported from October 1, 2014 to April 30, 2015. Poultry workers, those with insufficient data, and those refusing participation were excluded. We matched up to 4 controls per case by sex, age, and residential community...
September 2016: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
Takahiro Higashibata, Kenji Wakai, Rieko Okada, Hiroko Nakagawa, Nobuyuki Hamajima
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to examine the associations of current smoking with five other unhealthy lifestyle behaviors among urban civil servants in Japan according to sex and occupational category. METHODS: The study included 10,232 urban civil servants in Japan who presented for a health check-up in 2011. We analyzed data on anthropometric measurements and self-reported lifestyle factors. RESULTS: Current smokers had a higher BMI than never smokers in white-collar workers, but not in blue-collar workers of both sexes...
October 3, 2016: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
Branko Kristo, Ljubica Cuk, Ivana Krzelj
INTRODUCTION: We explored parents' views on the introduction of HE into the educational system, as well as differences in the degree of agreement, depending on the gender of the respondents, the school which the children attend and children's age. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Examinees in this study were parents (N = 531) of children attending primary and secondary schools in the area of Municipality Livno. The study was conducted by using cross-sectional study and a special questionnaire was created assessing attitudes on the introduction of HE in the education system which contains 26 items...
July 24, 2016: Materia Socio-medica
Jane E Ferrie, Marianna Virtanen, Markus Jokela, Ida E H Madsen, Katriina Heikkilä, Lars Alfredsson, G David Batty, Jakob B Bjorner, Marianne Borritz, Hermann Burr, Nico Dragano, Marko Elovainio, Eleonor I Fransson, Anders Knutsson, Markku Koskenvuo, Aki Koskinen, Anne Kouvonen, Meena Kumari, Martin L Nielsen, Maria Nordin, Tuula Oksanen, Krista Pahkin, Jan H Pejtersen, Jaana Pentti, Paula Salo, Martin J Shipley, Sakari B Suominen, Adam Tabák, Töres Theorell, Ari Väänänen, Jussi Vahtera, Peter J M Westerholm, Hugo Westerlund, Reiner Rugulies, Solja T Nyberg, Mika Kivimäki
BACKGROUND: Job insecurity has been associated with certain health outcomes. We examined the role of job insecurity as a risk factor for incident diabetes. METHODS: We used individual participant data from 8 cohort studies identified in 2 open-access data archives and 11 cohort studies participating in the Individual-Participant-Data Meta-analysis in Working Populations Consortium. We calculated study-specific estimates of the association between job insecurity reported at baseline and incident diabetes over the follow-up period...
October 3, 2016: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
Stanley Luchters, Wilkister Bosire, Amy Feng, Marlise L Richter, Nzioki King'ola, Frances Ampt, Marleen Temmerman, Matthew F Chersich
INTRODUCTION: Female sex workers (FSW) have high rates of unintended pregnancy, sexually transmitted infections including HIV, and other adverse sexual and reproductive health outcomes. Few services for FSWs include contraception. This mixed-methods study aimed to determine the rate, predictors and consequences of unintended pregnancy among FSWs in Mombasa, Kenya. METHODS: A prospective cohort study of non-pregnant FSWs was conducted. Quantitative data were collected quarterly, including a structured questionnaire and testing for pregnancy and HIV...
2016: PloS One
R-E Klingenberg, S Mannherz, N H Brockmeyer, J Wach, R Winter, C Tiemann, A Lucht, S Schaffer, M Eickel, A Skaletz-Rorowski
BACKGROUND: Inadequate access to prevention and medical treatment for female sex workers (SW) represents a challenge for the German health system. Accessibility and care for SW in Bochum (Germany) through a cooperation between the Interdisciplinary Immunology Outpatient Clinic, Center for Sexual Health and Medicine of St. Josef's Hospital, the Bochum health department and the Madonna e.V. was the focus of this work. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Medical outreach services were provided for the diagnosis of sexually transmitted infections (STI) in SW in brothels in Bochum between August 2013 and January 2014...
September 29, 2016: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
Jin-Young Kim, Hee-Taik Kang
BACKGROUND: We investigated the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and cancer screening in a Korean population aged 40 years or older. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 12,303 participants (5,284 men and 7,019 women) who participated in the 2010-2012 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Self-reported questionnaires were used to assess participant's SES (household income, occupational, and educational status) and cancer screening behavior...
September 2016: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
Farrukh Jamal, Quazi S Haque, Sangram Singh
BACKGROUND: Diverse group of agro-chemicals are indiscriminately sprayed by the farmers for pest control to enhance crop yield. About 25 million agricultural workers in the developing world suffer from at least one episode of poisoning each year, mainly by anticholinesterase- like organophosphates (OPs). OBJECTIVE: The present study was aimed to establish the OP toxicity in 187 occupationally exposed pesticide sprayers of mango plantation in rural Malihabad, Lucknow, in terms of neuro-cognitive impairment, mental health status, clinical symptoms, diabetes, and hematological factors...
2016: Open Biochemistry Journal
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