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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738811/associations-of-genetic-variation-in-casp3-gene-with-noise-induced-hearing-loss-in-a-chinese-population-a-case-control-study
#1
Yinyin Wu, Juntao Ni, Mingjian Qi, Chengjian Cao, Yuxian Shao, Liangwen Xu, Haiyan Ma, Lei Yang
BACKGROUND: Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) is a complex disease caused by environmental and genetic risk factors. This study explored the relationship between the genetic variations in the CASP gene and the risk of developing NIHL among Chinese workers exposed to occupational noise. METHODS: A case-control study of 272 NIHL workers and 272 normal-hearing workers matched for age, sex and years of noise exposure was conducted. Fifteen single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in the CASP1, CASP3, CASP4, CASP5, CASP6, CASP8, CASP9, CASP10 and CASP14 genes were genotyped using the polymerase chain reaction-ligase detection reaction method...
July 24, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738467/-epidemiological-survey-of-prevalence-of-hiv-infection-syphilis-and-hepatitis-c-in-female-sex-workers-and-other-6-risk-populations-in-tibet-autonomous-region
#2
S Lu, Y Cui, W Guo, D M Li, J Sun
Objective: To understand the prevalence of HIV infection, syphilis and hepatitis C and related behavioral factors in female sex workers (FSWs) and other 6 risk populations in Tibet Autonomous Region. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 2 000 FSWs, 200 men who have sex with men (MSM), 200 drug users, 1 200 male migrants, 5 600 young students, as well as hospital patients and pregnant women in Lhasa, Qamdo, Nyingchi, Xigaze Shannan, Ali and Nagqum from June to December 2015. Face to face interviews were conducted to collect their demographic and behavioral information, and blood samples were collected for the tests of HIV, syphilis and hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibodies...
July 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731491/patient-satisfaction-and-acceptance-of-their-totally-implanted-central-venous-catheter-a-french-prospective-multicenter-study
#3
Pierre-Yves Marcy, Renaud Schiappa, Jean-Marc Ferrero, Christian Dahlet, Olivier Brenet, Gabriel Yazbec, Pierre-Yves Dubois, Bernard Salm, Yves Fouche, Veronique Mari, Marion Montastruc, Nathalie Lebrec, Benoit Ancel, Nicolas Paillocher, Denis Dupoiron, Olivier Rangeard, Jocelyn Gal, Marc Ettaiche, Yann Chateau, Emmanuel Chamorey
INTRODUCTION: Most cancer patients require a totally implanted central venous catheter (TIVAD) for their treatment. In a previous study, we developed and validated a questionnaire dubbed QASICC (Questionnaire for Acceptance of, and Satisfaction with, Implanted Central Venous Catheter) assessing patient satisfaction with, and acceptance of, their TIVAD. In the present study, we conducted a large, prospective, multicenter study in cancer patients aimed to analyze factors that could influence patients' acceptance of, and satisfaction with, their device...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728529/islamic-influence-on-hiv-risk-and-protection-among-central-asian-male-migrant-workers-in-kazakhstan
#4
Stacey A Shaw, Tara McCrimmon, Gaukhar Mergenova, Alma Sultangaliyeva, Nabila El-Bassel
HIV incidence is increasing in Central Asia, where migrant workers experience risks for acquiring sexually transmitted HIV. As a social and structural factor that may influence perceptions and behavior, we examine how Islam shapes HIV risk and protection. Phenomenological qualitative interviews examine religion and contexts of HIV risk among 48 male Central Asian migrant workers residing in Almaty, Kazakhstan. Men described nonvaginal sex, alcohol use, premarital sex, and extramarital sex as forbidden or frowned upon...
August 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722746/hospitalization-rates-among-economic-immigrants-to-canada
#5
Edward Ng, Claudia Sanmartin, Douglas G Manuel
BACKGROUND: Economic immigrants generally, and economic class principal applicants (ECPAs) specifically, tend to have better health than other immigrants. However, health outcomes vary among subcategories within this group, especially by sex. DATA AND METHODS: This study examines hospitalization rates among ECPAs aged 25 to 74 who arrived in Canada between 1980 and 2006 as skilled workers, business immigrants, or live-in caregivers. The analysis used two linked databases to estimate age-standardized hospitalization rates (ASHRs) overall and for leading causes by sex...
July 19, 2017: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719460/the-association-between-perceived-stress-and-low-back-pain-among-eldercare-workers-in-japan
#6
Yamato Tsuboi, Yuya Ueda, Fumihiro Naruse, Rei Ono
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association between perceived stress and low back pain (LBP) among Japanese eldercare workers. METHODS: Self-reported questionnaires were completed regarding perceived stress (Perceived Stress Scale-14), presence of memorable LBP in the preceding month, and other relevant factors (age, sex, body mass index, smoking status, job demands, job control, and social support) among 954 eldercare workers. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were performed to estimate odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI)...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718497/review-of-hiv-treatment-progress-gaps-and-challenges-in-the-caribbean-2005-2015
#7
Yitades Gebre, Nikkiah Meoshi Forbes, Abena Peters
Objective: To highlight the current context of the HIV response in the Caribbean and what remains to be addressed to close gaps in HIV treatment and care and end AIDS by 2030. Methods: We reviewed and analyzed reports from peer-reviewed and gray literature for the period of 2005-2015 on HIV treatment progress and gaps in the Caribbean, based on searches done in four bibliographic databases and three organizations' websites and/or libraries. Data were extracted using forms detailing study objectives, thematic areas for HIV care and treatment in the Caribbean, results, and other key information...
December 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713277/does-the-strategy-of-risk-group-testing-for-hepatitis-c-hit-the-target
#8
Mirjana R Jovanovic, Aleksandar Miljatovic, Laslo Puskas, Slobodan Kapor, Dijana L Puskas
In the European Union, it is estimated that there are 5.5 million individuals with chronic infection of hepatitis C. Intravenous drug abuse is undoubtedly the key source of the hepatitis C epidemic in Europe and the most efficient mode of transmission of HCV infections (primarily due to short incubation time, but also because the virus is introduced directly into the blood stream with the infected needle). Potentially high-risk and vulnerable populations in Europe (and the world) include immigrants, prisoners, sex workers, men having sex with men, individuals infected with HIV, psychoactive substance users etc...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711643/contraceptive-use-and-unplanned-pregnancy-among-female-sex-workers-in-zambia
#9
Michael M Chanda, Katrina F Ortblad, Magdalene Mwale, Steven Chongo, Catherine Kanchele, Nyambe Kamungoma, Leah G Barresi, Guy Harling, Till Bärnighausen, Catherine E Oldenburg
OBJECTIVES: Access to reproductive healthcare, including contraceptive services, is an essential component of comprehensive healthcare for female sex workers (FSW). Here, we evaluated the prevalence of and factors associated with contraceptive use, unplanned pregnancy, and pregnancy termination among FSW in three transit towns in Zambia. STUDY DESIGN: Data arose from the baseline quantitative survey from a randomized controlled trial of HIV self-testing among FSW...
July 12, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709062/cancer-incidence-in-the-agrican-cohort-study-2005-2011
#10
Clémentine Lemarchand, Séverine Tual, Noémie Levêque-Morlais, Stéphanie Perrier, Aurélien Belot, Michel Velten, Anne-Valérie Guizard, Elisabeth Marcotullio, Alain Monnereau, Bénédicte Clin, Isabelle Baldi, Pierre Lebailly
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have been conducted among farmers, but very few of them have involved large prospective cohorts, and few have included a significant proportion of women and farm workers. Our aim was to compare cancer incidence in the cohort (overall, by sex, and by work on farm, occupational status and pesticide use) within the general population. METHODS: More than 180,000 participants in the AGRICAN cohort were matched to cancer registries to identify cancer cases diagnosed from enrolment (2005-2007) to 31st December 2011...
July 11, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709059/negative-trust-and-depression-among-female-sex-workers-in-western-china-the-mediating-role-of-thwarted-belongingness
#11
Hong Chen, Xu Li, Bingbing Li, Ailong Huang
Female sex workers are at high risk for depression in China but they are understudied and underserved. Based on cognitive models of depression, dysfunctional beliefs about oneself and others may act as vulnerability factors for depression. However, the association between negative trust and depression is still under debate. The present study aimed to test the hypothesis that negative trust positively relates to depression through thwarted belongingness among female sex workers. Four hundred and fifty-seven participants completed measures of negative trust, thwarted belongingness, and depression...
June 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708696/prevalence-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-cisgender-and-transgender-women-sex-workers-in-greater-kuala-lumpur-malaysia-results-from-a-respondent-driven-sampling-study
#12
Jeffrey A Wickersham, Britton A Gibson, Alexander R Bazazi, Veena Pillai, Courtney J Pedersen, Jaimie P Meyer, Nabila El-Bassel, Kenneth H Mayer, Adeeba Kamarulzaman, Frederick L Altice
BACKGROUND: Sex workers face a disproportionate burden of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and sexually transmitted infections (STI) worldwide. For cisgender women sex workers (CWSW), global HIV prevalence is over 10%, whereas transgender women sex workers (TWSW) face an HIV burden of 19% to 27%. METHODS: We used respondent-driven sampling to recruit 492 sex workers, including CWSW (n = 299) and TWSW (n = 193) in Greater Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Participants completed an in-depth survey and were screened for HIV, syphilis, Chlamydia trachomatis, and Neisseria gonorrhoeae...
June 20, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704405/community-health-workers-for-non-communicable-diseases-prevention-and-control-in-developing-countries-evidence-and-implications
#13
Gursimer Jeet, J S Thakur, Shankar Prinja, Meenu Singh
BACKGROUND: National programs for non-communicable diseases (NCD) prevention and control in different low middle income countries have a strong community component. A community health worker (CHW) delivers NCD preventive services using informational as well as behavioural approaches. Community education and interpersonal communication on lifestyle modifications is imparted with focus on primordial prevention of NCDs and screening is conducted as part of early diagnosis and management...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703726/motherhood-and-risk-for-human-immunodeficiency-virus-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-female-sex-workers-in-the-mexico-us-border-region
#14
Argentina E Servin, Elizabeth Reed, Kimberly C Brouwer, Carlos Magis-Rodriguez, Sabrina Boyce, Steffanie A Strathdee, Jay G Silverman
BACKGROUND: Globally, female sex workers (FSWs) have been identified as a high-risk group for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). However, as women of reproductive age, FSWs also have children. Few studies have investigated if financial responsibilities associated with motherhood increase women's vulnerability to HIV and STIs among FSWs. METHODS: From March 2013 to March 2014, 603 FSWs aged ≥18 years were recruited from Tijuana and Ciudad Juarez (Mexico) to participate in a study assessing HIV/STI risk environments...
August 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701628/study-of-chronic-pain-and-its-associated-risk-factors-among-japanese-industry-workers-the-quality-of-working-life-influenced-by-chronic-pain-qwlic-study
#15
Keiko Yamada, Kenta Wakaizumi, Kyosuke Fukai, Hiroyasu Iso, Tomotaka Sobue, Masahiko Shibata, Ko Matsudaira
OBJECTIVES: This study was performed to identify the prevalence, influence, and risk factors associated with chronic pain among Japanese industry workers. METHODS: We investigated 2,544 participants working at a manufacturing company A, a manufacturing company B, and 16 branch shops of a retail chain company C. The participants responded to self-administered questionnaires related to pain. Furthermore, data obtained from the lifestyle interview sheet of an annual health screening examination and those obtained from the questionnaires were merged...
July 13, 2017: Sangyō Eiseigaku Zasshi, Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701196/functional-beliefs-and-risk-minimizing-beliefs-among-thai-healthcare-workers-in-maharaj-nakorn-chiang-mai-hospital-its-association-with-intention-to-quit-tobacco-and-alcohol
#16
Surin Jiraniramai, Wichuda Jiraporncharoen, Kanokporn Pinyopornpanish, Nalinee Jakkaew, Tinakon Wongpakaran, Chaisiri Angkurawaranon
BACKGROUND: Individual health beliefs are likely to play a key role in how people respond to knowledge and information about the potential harm from smoking and alcohol abuse. The objectives of the study were to 1) explore whether functional beliefs and risk minimizing beliefs were associated with intention to quit smoking and confidence to quit smoking and 2) explore whether functional beliefs and risk minimizing beliefs were associated with intention to quit alcohol drinking and confidence to quit alcohol drinking...
July 12, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696906/assessment-of-recent-hiv-testing-among-older-adults-in-the-united-states
#17
Yuqi Guo, Omar T Sims
Older adults are the fastest growing segment of people living with HIV, and unfortunately many are unaware of their HIV status. Many providers are reluctant to ask older adults about their sexual histories, evaluate their risk factors, and test for HIV, and older adults have low perception of HIV risk. Using data from the 2013 to 2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, this study assessed the prevalence of recent HIV testing among older adults in the United States (n = 1,056) and identified predictors and barriers to recent HIV testing...
July 11, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693815/comorbid-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-increases-pain-symptoms-in-patients-suffering-from-an-isolated-limb-fracture
#18
Marianne Jodoin, Dominique M Rouleau, Nadia Gosselin, Benoit Benoit, Stéphane Leduc, Yves Laflamme, Camille Larson-Dupuis, Louis De Beaumont
OBJECTIVES: This study seeks to evaluate the effects of a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) on pain in patients with an isolated limb fracture (ILF) when compared to a matched cohort group with no mTBI (control group). PATIENTS AND METHODS: All subjects included in this observational study suffered from an ILF. Groups were matched according to the type of injury, sex, age, and time since the accident. Main outcome measurements were: Standardized semi-structured interviews at follow-up of a Level I Trauma Center, and a questionnaire on fracture-related pain symptoms...
July 1, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692209/the-science-of-durban-aids-2016
#19
Chris Beyrer, Olive Shisana, Stefan D Baral, Koleka Milsana, Kenneth H Mayer, Anton Pozniak, Bruce D Walker, Souleman Mboup, Annette H Sohn, David Serwadda, Helen Rees, Sergii Dvoriak, Mitchell Warren, Safiatou Thiam, Wafaa M El-Sadr, Xavier Hospital, Owen Ryan, Nicolas Thomson, Linda-Gail Bekker
INTRODUCTION: The science presented at the 21st International AIDS Conference in Durban, South Africa, in July 2016, addressed the state of the field across basic, clinical, prevention, law and policy and implementation science. METHODS AND RESULTS: The AIDS response has seen remarkable achievements in scientific advances, in translation of those advances into prevention, treatment and care for affected individuals and communities, and in large scale implementation - reaching 18 million people with antiviral therapy by mid-year 2016...
June 30, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691575/performance-power-and-condom-use-reconceptualised-masculinities-amongst-western-male-sex-tourists-to-thailand
#20
Simon Bishop, Mark Limmer
Each year large numbers of Western men travel to Thailand for sex tourism. Although many will use condoms during their sexual encounters, others will not, potentially exposing themselves to the risk of acquiring sexually transmitted infections, including HIV. Although sex tourism in Thailand has been well documented, the social drivers underpinning voluntary sexual risk-taking through the avoidance of condoms remain poorly understood. Engaging with R.W. Connell's concept of hegemonic masculinity and drawing on data collected from 1237 online discussion board posts and 14 face-to-face interviews, this study considers the ways in which understandings and performances of masculinities may inform the sexual risk-taking behaviours of Western male sex tourists...
July 10, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
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