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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208724/assessing-the-knowledge-level-attitudes-risky-behaviors-and-preventive-practices-on-sexually-transmitted-diseases-among-university-students-as-future-healthcare-providers-in-the-central-zone-of-malaysia-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Adigun Temiloluwa Folasayo, Afolayan John Oluwasegun, Suhailah Samsudin, Siti Nor Sakinah Saudi, Malina Osman, Rukman Awang Hamat
This study was done to assess the knowledge, attitudes, risky behaviors and preventive practices related to sexually-transmitted diseases (STDs) among health and non-health sciences university students as future healthcare providers in Malaysia. A total of 700 health and non-health sciences university students (255 male; 445 female) aged between 17 and 30 years were surveyed by using a self-administered questionnaire. The majority (86.6%) had heard of STDs, and 50.4% knew STDs could present without symptoms...
February 8, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207330/parent-centered-prevention-of-risky-behaviors-among-hispanic-youths-in-florida
#2
Yannine Estrada, Tae Kyoung Lee, Shi Huang, Maria I Tapia, Maria-Rosa Velázquez, Marcos J Martinez, Hilda Pantin, Manuel A Ocasio, Denise C Vidot, Lourdes Molleda, Juan Villamar, Bryan A Stepanenko, C Hendricks Brown, Guillermo Prado
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of an evidence-based, parent-centered intervention, Familias Unidas, delivered by nonresearch personnel, in preventing substance use (alcohol, illicit drugs) and sex without a condom among Hispanic adolescents. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial (n = 746) evaluated the effectiveness of Familias Unidas among Hispanic eighth graders (age range = 12-16 years), relative to prevention as usual, within a public school system...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202191/effect-of-music-on-surgical-hand-disinfection-a-video-based-intervention-study
#3
N Gautschi, J Marschall, D Candinas, V M Banz
Surgical hand disinfection (SHD) is likely to be influenced by various factors. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of listening to music on the duration of SHD. In total, 236 SHD procedures were recorded on video. The duration of SHD exceeded 2min in both the intervention group and the control group, with background music unable to achieve an increase in the time spent scrubbing. However, listening to music reduced the proportion of very short scrub times (<90s) from 17% to 9% (P=0.07). The following four factors increased mean scrub time significantly: female sex; lower staff seniority; scrubbing hands in groups; and use of a stopwatch...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185717/biomarker-validation-of-self-reported-sex-among-middle-aged-female-sex-workers-in-china
#4
Jennifer Guida, Ami Fukunaga, Hongjie Liu
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to examine information bias arising from self-reported sexual activity and its association with syphilitic infections among female sex workers (FSWs) aged 35 years and older in China. METHODS: A questionnaire was administered to 1245 middle-aged FSWs. Respondents self-reported sexual intercourse in the past 48 hours. The prostate-specific antigen test was used to verify self-reported sexual activity. FSWs were considered discordant if they indicated no sexual intercourse in the past 48 hours on the questionnaire and had a positive prostate-specific antigen test...
January 17, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184170/sexual-risk-behaviors-hiv-and-syphilis-among-female-sex-workers-in-nepal
#5
Sampurna Kakchapati, Dipendra Raman Singh, Bir Bahadhur Rawal, Apiradee Lim
PURPOSE: Female sex workers (FSWs) are a key-affected population susceptible to acquiring HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), as well as transmitting the virus to others. The aim of the study was to assess HIV and syphilis prevalence among FSWs in Nepal and to examine factors associated with it. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was based on Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) surveys among FSWs in Nepal from 2004 to 2015. Statistical analysis used chi-squared test to assess statistically significant risk factors for HIV and syphilis...
2017: HIV/AIDS: Research and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183852/incarceration-and-exposure-to-internally-displaced-persons-camps-associated-with-reproductive-rights-abuses-among-sex-workers-in-northern-uganda
#6
Margaret Erickson, Shira M Goldenberg, Monica Akello, Godfrey Muzaaya, Paul Nguyen, Josephine Birungi, Kate Shannon
BACKGROUND: While female sex workers (FSWs) face a high burden of violence and criminalisation, coupled with low access to safe, non-coercive care, little is known about such experiences among FSWs in conflict-affected settings, particularly as they relate to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and rights. We explored factors associated with lifetime abortions among FSWs in northern Uganda; and separately modelled the independent effect of lifetime exposures to incarceration and living in internally displaced persons (IDP) camps on coerced and unsafe abortions...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183010/perceived-discrimination-and-low-back-pain-among-28-532-workers-in-south-korea-effect-modification-by-labor-union-status
#7
Nagyeong Lee, Hyoju Sung, Ji-Hwan Kim, Laura Punnett, Seung-Sup Kim
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the association between workplace discrimination and low back pain among Korean workers and explored the role of labor union in the association. METHODS: We analyzed a cross-sectional survey of 28,532 workers from the 3rd Korean Working Conditions Survey (2011), a nationally representative dataset in South Korea. Experience of workplace discrimination for five different reasons was assessed using the questions: "Over the past 12 months, have you ever experienced workplace discrimination based on your: (a) age, (b) education, (c) birth region, (d) sex, and (e) employment status?" Experience of low back pain within a 12 month period was measured using a yes/no question...
January 30, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180020/radiation-protection-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-rp-kap-as-predictors-of-job-stress-among-radiation-workers-in-tehran-province-iran
#8
S Shohreh Alavi, Sima Taghizadeh Dabbagh, Mahya Abbasi, Ramin Mehrdad
BACKGROUND: In recent years, much attention has been paid to occupational stress, but relatively little or no research has been conducted on the influence of knowledge, attitude, and practice of radiation protection (RP-KAP) on job stress among radiation workers. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to assess job stress among health care workers in Iran who are occupationally exposed to radiation in order to determine the effects of KAP on self-protection against radiation on their job stress...
October 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178893/sexually-transmitted-infection-prevalence-and-related-risk-factors-among-heterosexual-male-methamphetamine-users-in-china
#9
Dianchang Liu, Zhenxia Jiang, Cuizhen Xiu, Zhizhi Li, Qing Song, Zhenhong Wang
Few studies have examined the association between methamphetamine (MA) abuse and sexually transmitted infection (STI) risk among heterosexual male MA users in China. A total of 288 heterosexual male MA users who met our inclusion criteria were recruited from nightclubs, KTVs, bars, bath centres and an STI clinic. STIs were screened among the participants, and the risk factors related to STIs were analysed by multivariate logistic regression in SPSS 11.0. Among the 288 heterosexual male MA users, 51 (17.7%) had syphilis, 36 (12...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178393/a-model-to-estimate-the-probability-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-hepatitis-c-infection-despite-negative-nucleic-acid-testing-among-increased-risk-organ-donors
#10
Pallavi D Annambhotla, Brian M Gurbaxani, Matthew J Kuehnert, Sridhar V Basavaraju
BACKGROUND: In 2013, guidelines were released for reducing the risk of viral bloodborne pathogen transmission through organ transplantation. Eleven criteria were described that result in a donor being designated at increased infectious risk. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) transmission risk from an increased-risk donor (IRD), despite negative nucleic acid testing (NAT), likely varies based on behavior type and timing. METHODS: We developed a Monte Carlo risk model to quantify probability of HIV among IRDs...
February 8, 2017: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176168/a-global-estimate-of-the-acceptability-of-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-for-hiv-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Peng Peng, Shu Su, Christopher K Fairley, Minjie Chu, Shengyang Jiang, Xun Zhuang, Lei Zhang
Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a new biomedical intervention for HIV prevention. This study systematically reviews the acceptability of PrEP among men who have sex with men (MSM) worldwide. We searched major English databases to identify English-language articles published between July 2007 and July 2016, which reported the acceptability of PrEP and associated population characteristics. Meta-analysis was conducted to estimate a pooled acceptability, and meta-regression and subgroup analysis were used to analyse heterogeneities...
February 7, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169873/physical-and-sexual-violence-affecting-female-sex-workers-in-abidjan-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire-prevalence-and-the-relationship-between-violence-the-work-environment-hiv-and-access-to-health-services
#12
Carrie Lyons, Sosthenes Ketende, Fatou Drame, Ashley Grosso, Daouda Diouf, Ibrahima Ba, Kate Shannon, Rebecca Ezouatchi, Amara Bamba, Abo Kouame, Stefan Baral
BACKGROUND: Violence is a human rights violation, and an important measure in understanding HIV among female sex workers (FSW). However, limited data exist regarding correlates of violence among FSW in Côte d'Ivoire. Characterizing prevalence and determinants of violence and the relationship with structural risks for HIV can inform development and implementation of comprehensive HIV prevention and treatment programs. METHODS: FSW > 18 years were recruited through respondent driven sampling (RDS) in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169872/project-engage-snowball-sampling-and-direct-recruitment-to-identify-and-link-hard-to-reach-hiv-infected-persons-who-are-out-of-care
#13
Amy Rock Wohl, Natasha Ludwig-Barron, Rhodri Dierst-Davies, Sonali Kulkarni, Jesse Bendetson, Wilbert Jordan, Robert Bolan, Terry Smith, William Cunningham, Mario J Pérez
INTRODUCTION: Innovative strategies are needed to identify and link hard-to-find persons living with HIV (PLWH) who are out of care(OOC). Project Engage, a health department-based project in Los Angeles County(LAC), used a mixed methods approach to locate and provide linkage for PLWH who have limited contact with HIV medical and non-medical services. METHODS: Incentivized social network referrals(SNR) and direct recruitment(DR) was used to identify eligible OOC alters for a linkage intervention that included HIV clinic selection, appointment and transportation support, reminder calls/texts and clinic navigation...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167715/racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-the-frequency-of-workplace-injuries-and-prevalence-of-work-related-disability
#14
Seth A Seabury, Sophie Terp, Leslie I Boden
Occupational injuries and illnesses lead to significant health care costs and productivity losses for millions of workers each year. This study used national survey data to test for differences between members of minority groups and non-Hispanic white workers in the risk of workplace injuries and the prevalence of work-related disabilities. Non-Hispanic black workers and foreign-born Hispanic workers worked in jobs with the highest injury risk, on average, even after adjustment for education and sex. These elevated levels of workplace injury risk led to a significant increase in the prevalence of work-related disabilities for non-Hispanic black and foreign-born Hispanic workers...
February 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167640/when-blue-collars-feel-blue-depression-and-low-occupational-grade-as-synergistic-predictors-of-incident-cardiac-events-in-middle-aged-working-individuals
#15
Cédric Lemogne, Pierre Meneton, Emmanuel Wiernik, Ariane Quesnot, Silla M Consoli, Pierre Ducimetière, Hermann Nabi, Jean-Philippe Empana, Nicolas Hoertel, Frédéric Limosin, Marcel Goldberg, Marie Zins
BACKGROUND: The association of psychological variables with cardiovascular health might depend on socioeconomic status. We examined the moderating effect of occupational grade on the association between depression and incident cardiac events among middle-aged workers from the GAZEL cohort. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 10 541 participants (7855 men, mean age: 47.8±3.5 years) free of cardiovascular diseases completed the Center of Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale in 1993...
February 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166904/difference-between-male-and-female-workers-lifting-the-same-relative-load-when-palletizing-boxes
#16
A Plamondon, C Larivière, D Denis, H Mecheri, I Nastasia
A few biomechanical studies have contrasted the work techniques of female and male workers during manual material handling (MMH). A recent study showed that female workers differed from males mostly in the strategy they used to lift 15-kg boxes from the ground, especially regarding task duration, knee and back postures and interjoint coordination. However, the lifting technique difference observed in females compared to males was perhaps due to a strength differences. The objective of this study was to test whether female workers would repeat the same lifting technique with a load adjusted to their overall strength (females: 10 kg; males: 15 kg), which can be considered a "relative load" since the overall back strength of females is 2/3 that of males...
April 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166415/adverse-metabolic-and-mental-health-outcomes-associated-with-shiftwork-in-a-population-based-study-of-277-168-workers-in-uk-biobank
#17
Cathy A Wyse, Carlos A Celis Morales, Nicolas Graham, Yu Fan, Joey Ward, Anne M Curtis, Daniel Mackay, Daniel J Smith, Mark E S Bailey, Stephany Biello, Jason M R Gill, J P Pell
BACKGROUND: Reported associations between shiftwork and health have largely been based on occupation-specific, or single sex studies that might not be generalizable to the entire working population. The objective of this study was to investigate whether shiftwork was independently associated with obesity, diabetes, poor sleep and well-being in a large, UK general population cohort. METHODS: Participants of the UK Biobank study who were employed at the time of assessment were included...
February 6, 2017: Annals of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160819/injuries-among-electric-power-industry-workers-1995-2013
#18
Vitaly Volberg, Tiffani Fordyce, Megan Leonhard, Gabor Mezei, Ximena Vergara, Lovely Krishen
INTRODUCTION: Workers in the electric power industry face many risks of injury due to the high diversity of work tasks performed in potentially hazardous and unpredictable work environments. METHOD: We calculated injury rates by age, sex, occupational group, and injury type among workers in the Electric Power Research Institute's (EPRI) Occupational Health and Safety Database (OHSD), which contains recordable injury, medical claims, and personnel data from 18 participating electric power companies from 1995 to 2013...
February 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154743/effects-of-physical-activity-at-work-and-life-style-on-sleep-in-workers-from-an-amazonian-extractivist-reserve
#19
Andressa Juliane Martins, Suleima Pedroza Vasconcelos, Debra Jean Skene, Arne Lowden, Claudia Roberta de Castro Moreno
Physical activity has been recommended as a strategy for improving sleep. Nevertheless, physical effort at work might not be not the ideal type of activity to promote sleep quality. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of type of job (low vs. high physical effort) and life-style on sleep of workers from an Amazonian Extractivist Reserve, Brazil. A cross-sectional study of 148 low physical activity (factory workers) and 340 high physical activity (rubber tappers) was conducted between September and November 2011...
October 2016: Sleep Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153376/predictors-of-postoperative-outcomes-of-cubital-tunnel-syndrome-treatments-using-multiple-logistic-regression-analysis
#20
Taku Suzuki, Takuji Iwamoto, Kanae Shizu, Katsuji Suzuki, Harumoto Yamada, Kazuki Sato
BACKGROUND: This retrospective study was designed to investigate prognostic factors for postoperative outcomes for cubital tunnel syndrome (CubTS) using multiple logistic regression analysis with a large number of patients. METHODS: Eighty-three patients with CubTS who underwent surgeries were enrolled. The following potential prognostic factors for disease severity were selected according to previous reports: sex, age, type of surgery, disease duration, body mass index, cervical lesion, presence of diabetes mellitus, Workers' Compensation status, preoperative severity, and preoperative electrodiagnostic testing...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
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