keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Sex worker

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109338/linking-sexual-and-reproductive-health-and-rights-and-hiv-services-for-young-people-the-link-up-project
#1
Lucy Stackpool-Moore, Divya Bajpai, Georgina Caswell, Tyler Crone, Fleur Dewar, Greg Gray, Allen Kyendikuwa, Julie Mellin, Andrew Miller, Felicity Morgan, Luisa Orza, Jacqui Stevenson, Nienke Westerhof, Felicia Wong, Eileen Yam, Brady Zieman
Sexual health and access to services are a pressing need for young people. This article introduces Link Up, a 3-year project in three African and two Asian countries, to enable and scale up access to integrated HIV services and sexual and reproductive health and rights for marginalized young people. The young people we worked with in this project included young men who have sex with men, young sex workers, young people who use drugs, young transgender people, young homeless people, and other vulnerable young people...
February 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107796/social-and-structural-factors-related-to-hiv-risk-among-truck-drivers-passing-through-the-iringa-region-of-tanzania
#2
Anjalee Kohli, Deanna Kerrigan, Heena Brahmbhatt, Samuel Likindikoki, Justin Beckham, Ard Mwampashi, Jessie Mbwambo, Caitlin E Kennedy
Truck drivers and their assistants have been identified as groups at higher risk for HIV infection. We sought to identify and describe the social and structural factors that may contribute to HIV risk among truck drivers who visit rest stops in Iringa, Tanzania, a region characterized by high levels of migration and mobility. This analysis was part of a comprehensive strategic assessment to examine HIV risk factors in Iringa. This analysis focuses on 11 in-depth interviews with truck drivers and a transport owner...
January 20, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107164/decreasing-human-trafficking-through-sex-work-decriminalization
#3
Erin Albright, Kate D'Adamo
In order to decrease human trafficking, health care workers should support the full decriminalization of prostitution. Similar to trafficking in other forms of labor, preventing trafficking in the sex trade requires addressing the different forms of marginalization that create vulnerable communities. By removing punitive laws that prevent reporting of exploitation and abuse, decriminalization allows sex workers to work more safely, thereby reducing marginalization and vulnerability. Decriminalization can also help destigmatize sex work and help resist political, social, and cultural marginalization of sex workers...
January 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107163/should-us-physicians-support-the-decriminalization-of-commercial-sex
#4
Emily F Rothman
According to the World Health Organization, "commercial sex" is the exchange of money or goods for sexual services, and this term can be applied to both consensual and nonconsensual exchanges. Some nonconsensual exchanges qualify as human trafficking. Whether the form of commercial sex that is also known as prostitution should be decriminalized is being debated contentiously around the world, in part because the percentage of commercial sex exchanges that are consensual as opposed to nonconsensual, or trafficked, is unknown...
January 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103896/sexual-and-reproductive-health-services-utilization-by-female-sex-workers-is-context-specific-results-from-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-india-kenya-mozambique-and-south-africa
#5
Yves Lafort, Ross Greener, Anuradha Roy, Letitia Greener, Wilkister Ombidi, Faustino Lessitala, Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Mags Beksinska, Peter Gichangi, Sushena Reza-Paul, Jenni A Smit, Matthew Chersich, Wim Delva
BACKGROUND: Female sex workers (FSWs) are extremely vulnerable to adverse sexual and reproductive health (SRH) outcomes. To mitigate these risks, they require access to services covering not only HIV prevention but also contraception, cervical cancer screening and sexual violence. To develop context-specific intervention packages to improve uptake, we identified gaps in service utilization in four different cities. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted, as part of the baseline assessment of an implementation research project...
January 19, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103371/condom-use-and-hiv-status-a-study-of-sex-workers-engaged-with-the-jamaican-aids-support-for-life-jasl
#6
H Budhwani, S Newton, K R Hearld, K Levermore
Objective: HIV prevention programs such as Jamaica AIDS Support for Life (JASL) work to lower the rate of HIV among marginalized groups. Thus, the objective of this study was to evaluate condom use and HIV status in JASL's Sex Worker (SW) population with the intent to identify behavioral differences between this self-selected group and the general SW population in Jamaica. We hypothesized that JASL's SW population would demonstrate higher condom use and a lower prevalence of HIV, potentially attributable to their prevention and education endeavours...
April 4, 2016: West Indian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102112/dutiful-daughters-hiv-aids-moral-pragmatics-female-citizenship-and-structural-violence-among-devadasis-in-northern-karnataka-india
#7
Shamshad Khan, Robert Lorway, Claudyne Chevrier, Sumit Dutta, Satyanarayana Ramanaik, Anu Roy, Parinita Bhattacharjee, Sharmistha Mishra, Stephen Moses, James Blanchard, Marissa Becker
Decades of research have documented how sex workers worldwide, particularly female sex workers (FSWs), shoulder a disproportionate burden of the HIV epidemic. In India, although a substantial progress has been made in controlling the epidemic, its prevalence among FSWs and the Devadasis (also called traditional sex workers) in northern Karnataka is still significantly high. On the other hand, much of the HIV prevention research has focused on their mapping and size estimation, typologies, bio-behavioural surveillance, condom use and other prevention technologies...
January 19, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095286/the-relations-between-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-exposure-and-1-ohp-levels-as-a-biomarker-of-the-exposure
#8
Zuzana Klöslová, Marek Drímal, Karol Balog, Kvetoslava Koppová, Jarmila Dubajová
BACKGROUND: Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are the products of incomplete combustion or pyrolysis of various organic materials. Their ubiquity in the environment leads to measurable levels of exposure. However, the exposure varies strongly between different regions in Europe. Some PAHs with four or more rings are suspected to be human carcinogens. Therefore, the occupational and/or environmental exposure to PAHs may cause a significant health risk. The aim of investigation is to evaluate current levels of PAH exposure in defined groups of workers...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093503/work-and-health-in-latin-america-results-from-the-working-conditions-surveys-of-colombia-argentina-chile-central-america-and-uruguay
#9
Pamela Merino-Salazar, Lucía Artazcoz, Cecilia Cornelio, María José Itatí Iñiguez, Marianela Rojas, David Martínez-Iñigo, Alejandra Vives, Lorena Funcasta, Fernando G Benavides
OBJECTIVE: To describe working and employment conditions, and health status between non-agricultural employees with a written contract from Colombia, Argentina, Chile, Central America and Uruguay. METHODS: We compared data from the first working condition surveys (WCS) of Colombia, Argentina, Chile, Central America and Uruguay. For comparative purposes, we selected a subsample of 15 241 non-agricultural employees aged 18-64 years and working with a written contract...
January 16, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090799/national-hiv-care-continua-for-key-populations
#10
Somya Gupta, Reuben Granich
We reviewed published national HIV care continua for men who have sex with men (MSM), people who inject drugs (PWID), and female sex workers (FSWs) to track progress toward the 90-90-90 target. We searched the Internet, PubMed, surveillance reports, United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS country reports, US President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief country/regional operational plans, and conference abstracts for the continua and graded them on quality. We found 12 continua for MSM, 7 for PWID, and 5 for FSW from 12 countries...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078496/theoretical-and-empirical-comparisons-of-methods-to-estimate-the-size-of-hard-to-reach-populations-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Paul Wesson, Arthur Reingold, Willi McFarland
Worldwide, the HIV epidemic is concentrated among hidden populations (i.e., female sex workers, men who have sex with men, and people who inject drugs). To understand the true scope and scale of the HIV epidemic, estimates of the sizes of these populations are needed. Various methods are available to enumerate hidden populations, but the degree of agreement between these methods has not been formally evaluated. We systematically reviewed the peer-reviewed literature to assess the extent to which different population size estimation methods provide the same estimate of a target population...
January 11, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070215/multiple-hpv-infections-in-female-sex-workers-in-western-kenya-implications-for-prophylactic-vaccines-within-this-sub-population
#12
Sonia Menon, Davy van den Broeck, Rodolfo Rossi, Emilomo Ogbe, Hillary Mabeya
BACKGROUND: Whilst the imputed role of High Risk (HR) HPV infection in the development of cervical lesions and cancer has been established, the high number of HPV genotypes that Female Sex workers (FSW) harbour warrants that the synergistic effects of potential HR (pHR) and HR HPV genotypes be elucidated to assess the potential impact of prophylactic vaccines. This population in Kenya also harbours a number of other vaginal infections and STIs, including bacterial vaginosis (BV), trichomonas vaginalis (TV) and candida spp...
2017: Infectious Agents and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069970/lung-cancer-risk-in-welders-and-foundry-workers-with-a-history-of-heavy-smoking-in-the-usa-the-national-lung-screening-trial
#13
Jason Y Y Wong, Bryan A Bassig, Wei Jie Seow, Wei Hu, Bu-Tian Ji, Aaron Blair, Debra T Silverman, Qing Lan
OBJECTIVES: Foundry work is a risk factor for lung cancer; however, the association with welding is unclear, as smoking is common among metalworkers and may mask the relationship. We evaluated whether history of welding and foundry work, independently and jointly, and employment duration were associated with lung cancer risk in heavy smokers. METHODS: We analysed data from the National Lung Screening Trial, a prospective randomised trial of 53 454 heavy smokers (>30 pack-years) in the USA...
January 9, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068999/intention-to-leave-profession-psychosocial-environment-and-self-rated-health-among-registered-nurses-from-large-hospitals-in-brazil-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Daiana Rangel de Oliveira, Rosane Härter Griep, Luciana Fernandes Portela, Lucia Rotenberg
BACKGROUND: Nurses' intention to leave their profession is a worldwide concern. Studies have shown that it can take the form of a chain reaction: many nurses first leave the unit, then the hospital, and finally the profession. Organisation and other labour factors, personal and conjunctural, have been associated with the intention to quit nursing. This study aimed to examine the factors associated with the intention to leave the profession among registered nurses (RNs) at large public hospitals in Brazil...
January 10, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068867/training-rehabilitation-teams-in-sexual-health-care-a-description-and-evaluation-of-a-multidisciplinary-intervention
#15
Riet Pieters, Harald Kedde, Jim Bender
BACKGROUND: Sexual health problems are more prevalent among people with a chronic illness or physical disability than among the general population. Although sexual health care in the rehabilitation setting in the Netherlands is a growing field of interest, integrating sexual health in the overall care for rehabilitation patients has proven to be a challenge. METHODS: This article describes a training designed for rehabilitation professionals working in operational multidisciplinary teams...
January 9, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063879/the-effect-of-vishram-a-grass-roots-community-based-mental-health-programme-on-the-treatment-gap-for-depression-in-rural-communities-in-india-a-population-based-study
#16
Rahul Shidhaye, Vaibhav Murhar, Siddharth Gangale, Luke Aldridge, Rahul Shastri, Rachana Parikh, Ritu Shrivastava, Suvarna Damle, Tasneem Raja, Abhijit Nadkarni, Vikram Patel
BACKGROUND: VISHRAM was a community-based mental health programme with the goal of addressing the mental health risk factors for suicide in people from 30 villages in the Amravati district in Vidarbha, central India. We aimed to assess whether implementation of VISHRAM was associated with an increase in the proportion of people with depression who sought treatment (contact coverage). METHODS: A core strategy of VISHRAM was to increase the demand for care by enhancing mental health literacy and to improve the supply of evidence-based interventions for depression and alcohol-use disorders...
January 4, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060937/barriers-to-follow-up-for-abnormal-papanicolaou-smears-among-female-sex-workers-in-lima-peru
#17
Devora Aharon, Martha Calderon, Vicky Solari, Patricia Alarcon, Joseph Zunt
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is the most prevalent cancer among Peruvian women. Female sex workers (FSW) in Peru are at elevated risk for HPV infection, and receive annual Papanicolaou screening. The objective of this study was to identify barriers to follow-up for abnormal Pap smears among FSW in Peru. METHODS: 97 FSW attending the Alberto Barton Health Center in Lima were surveyed regarding their STI screening history. 17 women with a history of an abnormal Pap smear were interviewed about their experiences regarding follow-up care...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059628/community-wide-measles-outbreak-in-the-region-of-madrid-spain-10%C3%A2-years-after-the-implementation-of-the-elimination-plan-2011-2012
#18
L García Comas, M Ordobás Gavín, J C Sanz Moreno, B Ramos Blázquez, E Rodríguez Baena, E Córdoba Deorador, M García Barquero, E Gil Montalbán, A Arce Arnáez, I Rodero Garduño, D Barranco Ordóñez, J Astray Mochales
We describe a community-wide outbreak of measles due to a D4 genotype virus that took place in the Region of Madrid, Spain, between February 2011 and August 2012, along with the control measures adopted. The following variables were collected: date of birth, sex, symptoms, complications, hospital admission, laboratory test results, link with another cases, home address, places of work or study, travel during the incubation period, ethnic group, and Mumps-Measles-Rubella (MMR) vaccination status. Incidences were calculated by 100,000 inhabitants...
January 6, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058468/-nonviral-sexually-transmitted-infections-epidemiology-clinical-manifestations-diagnostic-workup-therapy-part%C3%A2-3-treponemes-gardnerella-and-trichomonads
#19
REVIEW
P Nenoff, A Manos, I Ehrhard, C Krüger, U Paasch, P Helmbold, W Handrick
In Germany, the reported syphilis prevalence has increased continuously since 2010, with a total of 6834 syphilis cases being reported in 2015. The largest increase of reported syphilis occurred in men who have sex with men (MSM). The antibiotic agent of choice for treatment of syphilis is still penicillin. There are no penicillin-resistant Treponema pallidum strains. Alternatives are ceftriaxone and doxycycline. In Germany, azithromycin is not approved for treatment of syphilis; however, therapy failures are increasingly reported...
January 5, 2017: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056842/sex-with-sweethearts-exploring-factors-associated-with-inconsistent-condom-use-among-unmarried-female-entertainment-workers-in-cambodia
#20
Siyan Yi, Sovannary Tuot, Pheak Chhoun, Khuondyla Pal, Chanrith Ngin, Kolab Chhim, Carinne Brody
BACKGROUND: Despite the success in promoting condom use in commercial relationships, condom use with regular, noncommercial partners remains low among key populations in Cambodia. This study explores factors associated inconsistent condom use with sweethearts among unmarried sexually active female entertainment workers (FEWs). METHODS: In 2014, the probability proportional to size sampling method was used to randomly select 204 FEWs from entertainment venues in Phnom Penh and Siem Reap for face-to-face interviews...
January 5, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
keyword
keyword
22377
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"