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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350346/chemical-characterization-of-young-virgin-queens-and-mated-egg-laying-queens-in-the-ant-cataglyphis-cursor-random-forest-classification-analysis-for-multivariate-datasets
#1
Thibaud Monnin, Florence Helft, Chloé Leroy, Patrizia d'Ettorre, Claudie Doums
Social insects are well known for their extremely rich chemical communication, yet their sex pheromones remain poorly studied. In the thermophilic and thelytokous ant, Cataglyphis cursor, we analyzed the cuticular hydrocarbon profiles and Dufour's gland contents of queens of different age and reproductive status (sexually immature gynes, sexually mature gynes, mated and egg-laying queens) and of workers. Random forest classification analyses showed that the four groups of individuals were well separated for both chemical sources, except mature gynes that clustered with queens for cuticular hydrocarbons and with immature gynes for Dufour's gland secretions...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Chemical Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346001/strategies-and-challenges-in-preventing-violence-against-canadian-indoor-sex-workers
#2
Vicky Bungay, Adrian Guta
OBJECTIVES: To examine indoor sex workers' strategies in preventing workplace violence and influential socio-structural conditions. METHODS: Data included qualitative interviews with 85 sex workers in British Columbia, Canada, from 2014 through 2016. For analyses, we used interpretive thematic techniques informed by World Health Organization position statements on violence. RESULTS: Robbery, nonpayment, financial exploitation, and privacy violations were frequent types of violence perpetrated by clients, landlords, and neighbors...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334929/chronic-kidney-disease-in-sugarcane-workers-in-cameroon-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Martin E Ekiti, Jean-Berthelot Zambo, Felix K Assah, Valirie N Agbor, Krystel Kekay, Gloria Ashuntantang
BACKGROUND: Agricultural workers especially in sugarcane plantations have a high risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Little is known about CKD among sugarcane plantation workers in Cameroon. This study sought to evaluate the prevalence and identify factors associated with CKD in sugarcane plantation workers in Cameroon. METHODS: We conducted an analytic cross-sectional study including 204 adult workers at the sugarcane plantation complex in Mbandjock, Cameroon; over 500 m above sea level...
January 15, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334552/effect-of-hiv-self-testing-on-the-number-of-sexual-partners-among-female-sex-workers-in-zambia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Catherine Oldenburg, Michael M Chanda, Katrina F Ortblad, Magdalene Mwale, Steven Chongo, Nyambe Kamungoma, Catherine Kanchele, Andrew Fullem, Caitlin Moe, Leah G Barresi, Guy D Harling, Till Bärnighausen
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of two health systems approaches to distribute HIV self-tests on the number of female sex workers' client and non-client sexual partners in a randomized controlled trial of HIV self-testing among female sex workers (FSW) in Zambia. DESIGN: Cluster randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Peer educators recruited 965 participants. Peer educator-participant groups were randomized 1:1:1 to one of three arms: 1) delivery of HIV self-tests directly from a peer educator, 2) free facility-based delivery of HIV-self tests in exchange for coupons, or 3) referral to standard HIV testing (standard of care)...
January 13, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328511/stigma-and-unmet-sexual-and-reproductive-health-needs-among-international-migrant-sex-workers-at-the-mexico-guatemala-border
#5
Teresita Rocha-Jiménez, Sonia Morales-Miranda, Carmen Fernández-Casanueva, Kimberly Brouwer, Shira M Goldenberg
OBJECTIVE: To explore international migrant sex workers' experiences and narratives pertaining to the unmet need for and access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) at the Mexico-Guatemala border. METHODS: An inductive qualitative analysis was conducted based on ethnographic fieldwork (2012-2015) including participant observation and audio-recorded in-depth interviews. The participants were female sex workers aged 18 years or older and international migrants working at the Mexico-Guatemala border...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327091/temporal-fluctuations-in-behavior-perceived-hiv-risk-and-willingness-to-use-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep
#6
Kristen Underhill, Kate M Guthrie, Christopher Colleran, Sarah K Calabrese, Don Operario, Kenneth H Mayer
Individual perceptions of HIV risk influence willingness to use pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV prevention. Among men who have sex with men (MSM) and male sex workers (MSWs), temporal or episodic changes in risk behavior may influence perceived risk and PrEP acceptability over time. We investigated fluctuations in perceived HIV risk and PrEP acceptability, comparing MSWs against MSM who do not engage in sex work. We conducted 8 focus groups (n = 38) and 56 individual interviews among MSM and MSWs in Providence, RI...
January 11, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323513/the-five-factor-borderline-inventory-behavioral-outcomes-across-time
#7
Ashley C Helle, Hilary L DeShong, Amanda N Baraldi, Stephanie N Mullins-Sweatt
The Five-Factor Borderline Inventory Short Form (FFBI-SF) is a 48-item dimensional measure of borderline personality disorder (BPD) that was developed from the Five-factor model (FFM). Previous research has examined the relationships of the FFBI-SF to the FFM and BPD. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the relationship of FFBI-SF scales with behavioral outcomes, such as self-injury, physical fights, panic symptoms, promiscuous sex, theft, attempted suicide, reckless driving, and binge eating...
January 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323398/night-shift-work-and-hematological-cancers-a-population-based-case-control-study-in-three-nordic-countries
#8
Madar Talibov, Eero Pukkala, Jan Ivar Martinsen, Laufey Tryggvadottir, Elisabete Weiderpass, Johnni Hansen
Objective The aim of this case-control study was to assess the effect of night-shift work on the risk of hematological cancers. Methods The study included 39 371 leukemia, 56 713 non-Hodgkin lymphoma, 9322 Hodgkin lymphoma, and 26 188 multiple myeloma cases diagnosed between 1961 and 2005 in Finland, Sweden, and Iceland. Five controls for each case were selected from the Nordic Occupational Cancer Study (NOCCA) cohort, matched by year of birth, sex and country. Night-shift exposure was assessed by using the NOCCA job-exposure matrix (JEM)...
January 11, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321702/carpal-tunnel-syndrome-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-patients
#9
Özgür Bilgin Topçuoğlu, Özlem Oruç, Sema Saraç, Gülgün Çetintaş Afşar, Kayıhan Uluç
Introduction: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common entrapment neuropathy of the upper extremity. It is usually associated with the compression of the median nerve in the median groove. Because the main symptoms of CTS pain and numbness worsen at night, sleep disorders in CTS patients and the impact of preferred sleeping position on CTS development have been formerly studied. However, to the best of our knowledge, this is the first study assessing the frequency of CTS in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients...
December 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319352/dual-antegrade-intramedullary-headless-screw-fixation-for-treatment-of-unstable-proximal-phalanx-fractures
#10
Michael P Gaspar, Shiv D Gandhi, Randall W Culp, Patrick M Kane
BACKGROUND: Although intramedullary headless screw (IMHS) fixation is a promising minimally invasive surgical treatment option for unstable proximal phalanx fractures, a single IMHS may provide inadequate fixation for certain fracture patterns. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the short-term clinical outcomes in a pilot series of patients with proximal phalanx fractures treated with dual antegrade IMHS fixation. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of proximal phalanx fractures treated with dual antegrade IMHS fixation with a minimum 1 year of follow-up...
January 1, 2018: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319008/cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-noise-exposed-workers-in-china-small-area-study
#11
Xiaoyuan Wu, Daya Yang, Wendong Fan, Chunyue Fan, Guifu Wu
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether there are changes in cardiovascular risk factors among noise-exposed workers and to explore the possible mechanisms of a long-term noise exposure leading to cardiovascular disease and the sex differences of cardiovascular risk factors in this population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred workers engaged in noise-related work, and a control group of 200 nonnoise-exposed workers hospitalized for occupational health examination were assigned into the study...
November 2017: Noise & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315330/microbiota-based-analysis-reveals-specific-bacterial-traits-and-a-novel-strategy-for-the-diagnosis-of-infectious-infertility
#12
Simon Graspeuntner, Michael K Bohlmann, Kathrin Gillmann, Runa Speer, Sven Kuenzel, Heike Mark, Friederike Hoellen, Reinhard Lettau, Georg Griesinger, Inke R König, John F Baines, Jan Rupp
Tubal factor infertility (TFI) accounts for more than 30% of the cases of female infertility and mostly resides from an inflammatory process triggered by an infection. Clinical appearances largely differ, and very often infections are not recognized or remain completely asymptomatic over time. Here, we characterized the microbial pattern in females diagnosed with infectious infertility (ININF) in comparison to females with non-infectious infertility (nININF), female sex workers (FSW) and healthy controls (fertile)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310630/youth-paying-for-sex-what-are-the-associated-factors-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-study-in-cambodia
#13
Soaman Dizechi, Carinne Brody, Sovannary Tuot, Chhorvann Chhea, Vonthanak Saphonn, Kunthearith Yung, Sanh Kim, Siyan Yi
BACKGROUND: At-risk male youth in Cambodia who purchase sex are at greater risk for HIV compared to the general population. Factors associated with paying for sex among youth are poorly studied, both globally and in Cambodia. This study aimed to identify specific factors associated with transactional sex with women among most-at-risk male youth in Cambodia. METHODS: This cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted with 405 sexually active male youth aged 16-24 recruited at 'hotspots' in the capital city of Phnom Penh and seven provinces...
January 8, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305773/usage-of-the-terms-prostitution-sex-work-transactional-sex-and-survival-sex-their-utility-in-hiv-prevention-research
#14
Karen McMillan, Heather Worth, Patrick Rawstorne
This article considers the terms prostitution, sex work, transactional sex, and survival sex, the logic of their deployment and utility to research concerned with people who are paid for sex, and HIV. The various names for paid sex in HIV research are invested in strategically differentiated positionings of people who receive payment and emphasize varying degrees of choice. The terminologies that seek to distinguish a range of economically motivated paid sex practices from sex work are characterized by an emphasis on the local and the particular, efforts to evade the stigma attached to the labels sex worker and prostitute, and an analytic prioritizing of culture...
January 5, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305338/a-mobile-app-to-screen-for-neurocognitive-impairment-preliminary-validation-of-neuroscreen-among-hiv-infected-south-african-adults
#15
Reuben N Robbins, Hetta Gouse, Henry G Brown, Andries Ehlers, Travis M Scott, Cheng-Shiun Leu, Robert H Remien, Claude A Mellins, John A Joska
BACKGROUND: Neurocognitive impairment (NCI) is one of the most common complications of HIV infection, and has serious medical and functional consequences. South Africa has 7 million people living with HIV (PLHIV) with up to three-quarters of antiretroviral therapy (ART)-naïve individuals having NCI. South Africa's health system struggles to meet the care needs of its millions of PLHIV; screening for NCI is typically neglected due to limited clinical staff trained to administer, score, and interpret neuropsychological tests, as well as long test batteries and limited screening tools for South African populations...
January 5, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304164/influence-of-peer-support-on-hiv-sti-prevention-and-safety-amongst-international-migrant-sex-workers-a-qualitative-study-at-the-mexico-guatemala-border
#16
Belen Febres-Cordero, Kimberly C Brouwer, Teresita Rocha-Jimenez, Carmen Fernandez-Casanueva, Sonia Morales-Miranda, Shira M Goldenberg
BACKGROUND: Migrant women engaged in precarious employment, such as sex work, frequently face pronounced social isolation alongside other barriers to health and human rights. Although peer support has been identified as a critical HIV and violence prevention intervention for sex workers, little is known about access to peer support or its role in shaping health and social outcomes for migrant sex workers. This article analyses the role of peer support in shaping vulnerability and resilience related to HIV/STI prevention and violence among international migrant sex workers at the Mexico-Guatemala border...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302171/hiv-sex-work-and-law-enforcement-in-china
#17
Tingting Shen, Joanne Csete
HIV prevalence in China is low in the general population but higher among certain key affected populations, including sex workers. Providing and purchasing sexual services are administrative offenses. Police engage in humiliating and repressive practices against sex workers. A study reported here based on the experience of over 500 sex workers highlights that the human rights abuses that sex workers face at the hands of the police directly undermine the country's HIV response toward sex workers. An important element of this phenomenon is the police's use of condoms as evidence of sex work, which impedes sex workers' possession and use of condoms...
December 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301492/effect-of-grm7-polymorphisms-on-the-development-of-noise-induced-hearing-loss-in-chinese-han-workers-a-nested-case-control-study
#18
Peipei Yu, Jie Jiao, Guoshun Chen, Wenhui Zhou, Huanling Zhang, Hui Wu, Yanhong Li, Guizhen Gu, Yuxin Zheng, Yue Yu, Shanfa Yu
BACKGROUND: Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) is a complex, irreversible disease caused by the interaction of genetic and environmental factors. In recent years, a great many studies have been done to explore the NIHL susceptibility genes among humans. So far, high powerful detections have been founded that genes of potassium ion channel genes (KCNQ4 and KCNE1), catalase (CAT), protocadherin 15 (PCDH15), myosin 14 (MYH14) and heart shock protein (HSP70) which have been identified in more than one population may be associated with the susceptibility to NIHL...
January 5, 2018: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300360/the-effect-of-protracted-exposure-to-radiation-on-liver-injury-a-cohort-study-of-industrial-radiographers-in-xinjiang-china
#19
Qing Sun, Weiming Mao, Haiyue Jiang, Xiaoyue Zhang, Jing Xiao, Yulong Lian
BACKGROUND: At present, a large number of studies indicate that high dose ionizing radiation exposure is an important risk factor for liver damage. Whether protracted exposure to low external doses of ionizing radiation could induce liver injury is unclear. The aim of this study was to assess the risk of liver injury following protracted exposure to occupational radiation compared to a group of unexposed workers. METHODS: A three-year cohort study was initiated in Xinjiang, China in 2010 and included 508 industrial radiographers and 2156 unexposed workers...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295533/hiv-1-subtypes-and-5-ltr-leader-sequence-variants-correlate-with-seroconversion-status-in-pumwani-sex-worker-cohort
#20
Raghavan Sampathkumar, Joel Scott-Herridge, Binhua Liang, Joshua Kimani, Francis A Plummer, Ma Luo
Within the Pumwani sex worker cohort, a subgroup remains seronegative, despite frequent exposure to HIV-1; some of them seroconverted several years later. This study attempts to identify viral variations in 5'LTR-leader sequences (5'LTR-LS) that might contribute to the late seroconversion. The 5'LTR-LS contains sites essential for replication and genome packaging, viz, primer binding site (PBS), major splice donor (SD), and major packaging signal (PS). The 5'LTR-LS of 20 late seroconverters (LSC) and 122 early seroconverters (EC) were amplified, cloned, and sequenced...
December 23, 2017: Viruses
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