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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924462/fidelity-moderates-the-association-between-negative-condom-attitudes-and-outcome-behavior-in-an-evidence-based-sexual-risk-reduction-intervention-for-female-sex-workers
#1
Eileen V Pitpitan, Claudia V Chavarin, Shirley J Semple, Doroteo Mendoza, Carlos Magis Rodriguez, Hugo Staines, Gregory A Aarons, Thomas L Patterson
BACKGROUND: Intervention fidelity and participant-level variables, such as negative attitudes towards condoms, are important variables to consider in the successful implementation of evidence-based HIV prevention interventions. Mujer Segura is an intervention that has been shown to be efficacious at reducing condomless sex for female sex workers (FSWs) in Mexico [1]. PURPOSE: We examined main effects of fidelity, negative condom attitudes, and their interaction on the effectiveness of the Mujer Segura intervention at reducing condomless sex at intervention follow-up...
December 6, 2016: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924235/evaluation-of-related-risk-factors-in-number-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-carpet-weavers-in-iran
#2
Nasim Karimi, Abbas Moghimbeigi, Majid Motamedzade, Ghodratollah Roshanaei
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are a common problem among carpet weavers. This study was undertaken to introduce affecting personal and occupational factors in developing the number of MSDs among carpet weavers. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed among 862 weavers in seven towns with regard to workhouse location in urban or rural regions. Data were collected by using questionnaires that contain personal, workplace, and information tools and the modified Nordic MSDs questionnaire...
December 2016: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923015/project-shikamana-baseline-findings-from-a-community-empowerment-based-combination-hiv-prevention-trial-among-female-sex-workers-in-iringa-tanzania
#3
Deanna Kerrigan, Jessie Mbwambo, Samuel Likindikoki, Sarah Beckham, Ard Mwampashi, Catherine Shembilu, Andrea Mantsios, Anna Leddy, Wendy Davis, Noya Galai
BACKGROUND: Community empowerment approaches have been found to be effective in responding to HIV among female sex workers (FSWs) in South Asia and Latin America. To date, limited rigorous evaluations of these approaches have been conducted in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: A phase II community randomized controlled trial is being conducted in Iringa, Tanzania, to evaluate the effectiveness of a community empowerment-based combination HIV prevention model (Project Shikamana) among a stratified sample of HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected FSWs...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923014/potential-impact-of-integrated-stigma-mitigation-interventions-in-improving-hiv-aids-service-delivery-and-uptake-for-key-populations-in-senegal
#4
Carrie E Lyons, Sosthenes Ketende, Daouda Diouf, Fatou M Drame, Benjamin Liestman, Karleen Coly, Cheikh Ndour, Gnilane Turpin, Souleymane Mboup, Karim Diop, Coumba Toure-Kane, Delivette Castor, Nafissatou Leye-Diouf, Stefan Baral
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) and female sex workers (FSW) are consistently shown to have a higher burden of HIV compared with other adults in Senegal. This study, HIV Prevention 2.0, evaluates the impact of the 3-tiered integrated stigma mitigation interventions (ISMIs) approach to optimizing HIV service delivery for key populations in Senegal. METHODS: Baseline assessment includes a questionnaire and biological testing for HIV. A proportion of participants enrolled into a 24-month longitudinal cohort with questionnaires and biological testing every 3 months...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919020/psychosocial-factors-associated-with-migraine-and-tension-type-headache-in-medical-students
#5
Elena R Lebedeva, Natalia R Kobzeva, Denis V Gilev, Nadezhda V Kislyak, Jes Olesen
BACKGROUND: In our previous study of workers, blood donors and medical students, students stood out with a higher 1-year prevalence of migraine (28%) and tension-type headache (TTH) (74%). General factors associated with headache were common for all groups except low physical activity. The hypothesis of this study was therefore that a number of psychosocial factors relating to the personal sphere would better explain the high prevalence of migraine and TTH in students. METHODS: The study population consisted of 1042 students (719 females, 323 males, mean age 20...
November 8, 2016: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918982/traffic-derived-particulate-matter-exposure-and-histone-h3-modification-a-repeated-measures-study
#6
Yinan Zheng, Marco Sanchez-Guerra, Zhou Zhang, Brian T Joyce, Jia Zhong, Jacob K Kresovich, Lei Liu, Wei Zhang, Tao Gao, Dou Chang, Citlalli Osorio-Yanez, Juan Jose Carmona, Sheng Wang, John P McCracken, Xiao Zhang, Yana Chervona, Anaite Díaz, Pier A Bertazzi, Petros Koutrakis, Choong-Min Kang, Joel Schwartz, Andrea A Baccarelli, Lifang Hou
BACKGROUND: Airborne particulate matter (PM) may induce epigenetic changes that potentially lead to chronic diseases. Histone modifications regulate gene expression by influencing chromatin structure that can change gene expression status. We evaluated whether traffic-derived PM exposure is associated with four types of environmentally inducible global histone H3 modifications. METHODS: The Beijing Truck Driver Air Pollution Study included 60 truck drivers and 60 office workers examined twice, 1-2 weeks apart, for ambient PM10 (both day-of and 14-day average exposures), personal PM2...
December 2, 2016: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915999/predictors-of-mortality-in-a-cohort-of-tuberculosis-hiv-co-infected-patients-in-southwest-ethiopia
#7
Hailay Gesesew, Birtukan Tsehayneh, Desalegn Massa, Amanuel Gebremedhin, Hafte Kahsay, Lillian Mwanri
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis/HIV co-infection is a bidirectional and synergistic combination of two very important pathogens in public health. To date, there have been limited clinical data regarding mortality rates among tuberculosis/HIV co-infected patients and the impact of antiretroviral therapy on clinical outcomes in Ethiopia. This study assessed the incidence and predictors of tuberculosis/HIV co-infection mortality in Southwest Ethiopia. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study collated tuberculosis/HIV data from Jimma University Teaching Hospital for the period of September 2010 and August 2012...
December 5, 2016: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913795/prevalence-of-sti-symptoms-and-high-levels-of-stigma-in-sti-healthcare-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania-a-respondent-driven-sampling-study
#8
Michael W Ross, Markus Larsson, Joyce E Nyoni, Anette Agardh
Symptoms of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), whether they are presented for treatment or diagnosis, and how they are received by the clinician where they are presented, may be concomitants of stigma associated with homosexuality in homophobic climates. We analyzed respondent-driven sampling data from a study on 200 young men who have sex with men (MSM) in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania to examine sample prevalence, treatment and clinician response to 10 symptoms potentially associated with STIs. Survey measures included 10 self-reported STI symptoms, further specified according to location (genital, anal, oral), further specified according to place of diagnosis, place of, treatment whether there was pharmacy treatment or self-medication, healthcare worker (HCW) inquiries about source of infection and whether the HCW was polite...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912783/exploring-levers-and-barriers-to-accessing-primary-care-for-marginalised-groups-and-identifying-their-priorities-for-primary-care-provision-a-participatory-learning-and-action-research-study
#9
Patrick O'Donnell, Edel Tierney, Austin O'Carroll, Diane Nurse, Anne MacFarlane
BACKGROUND: The involvement of patients and the public in healthcare has grown significantly in recent decades and is documented in health policy documents internationally. Many benefits of involving these groups in primary care planning have been reported. However, these benefits are rarely felt by those considered marginalised in society and they are often excluded from participating in the process of planning primary care. It has been recommended to employ suitable approaches, such as co-operative and participatory initiatives, to enable marginalised groups to highlight their priorities for care...
December 3, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903999/burnout-syndrome-among-hemodialysis-and-peritoneal-dialysis-nurses
#10
Ayten Karakoc, Murvet Yilmaz, Nilufer Alcalar, Bennur Esen, Hasan Kayabasi, Dede Sit
INTRODUCTION: Burnout, a syndrome with 3 dimensions of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and reduction of personal accomplishment, is very common among hemodialysis nurses, while data are scarce regarding the prevalence of burnout syndrome (BS) among peritoneal dialysis (PD) nurses. This study aimed to assess and compare demographic and professional characteristics and burnout levels in hemodialysis and PD nurses, and to investigate factors that increase the level of burnout in dialysis nurses...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903355/-factors-associated-with-commercial-sexual-behavior-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-shenzhen-china-in-2011-2015
#11
Y M Cai, Y J Song, H Liu, F C Hong
Objective: To investigate the status and factors associated with commercial sexual behavior among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Shenzhen. Methods: A convenience sampling method was used to recruit MSM in Shenzhen from 2011 to 2015. Questionnaire-based interviews were conducted on a one-on-one basis. Data were collected, including socio-demographic information, HIV testing history, history of blood donation and drug abuse in the last 2 years, self-reported sexual orientation, role in homosexual behavior, and experience serving as a male sex worker and/or as a client of male sex workers...
November 6, 2016: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900502/values-and-preferences-on-the-use-of-oral-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-for-hiv-prevention-among-multiple-populations-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#12
Florence M Koechlin, Virginia A Fonner, Sarah L Dalglish, Kevin R O'Reilly, Rachel Baggaley, Robert M Grant, Michelle Rodolph, Ioannis Hodges-Mameletzis, Caitlin E Kennedy
Daily oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is the use of antiretroviral drugs by HIV-negative people to prevent HIV infection. WHO released new guidelines in 2015 recommending PrEP for all populations at substantial risk of HIV infection. To prepare these guidelines, we conducted a systematic review of values and preferences among populations that might benefit from PrEP, women, heterosexual men, young women and adolescent girls, female sex workers, serodiscordant couples, transgender people and people who inject drugs, and among healthcare providers who may prescribe PrEP...
November 29, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900315/effectiveness-and-efficiency-of-improving-hiv-service-provision-for-key-populations-in-nicaragua
#13
Edward Ivor Broughton, Oscar Nunez, Rafael Arana, Alexey Oviedo
OBJECTIVE: HIV in Nicaragua is concentrated among key populations (KPs) - men who have sex with men, female sex workers, and female transgender - in whom prevalence is 600-4,000 times higher than the general population. The United States Agency for International Development PrevenSida project is aimed at increasing healthy behavior among KPs and people with HIV and improving testing, counseling, and continuity of prevention and treatment by building capacity and improving performance of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) providing services to KPs...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898572/sexually-transmitted-infections-and-associated-risk-factors-among-street-based-and-residence-based-female-sex-workers-in-dhaka-bangladesh
#14
Rasheda Khanam, Masud Reza, Dilruba Ahmed, Mustafizur Rahman, M Shah Alam, Salima Sultana, Anadil Alam, Sharful I Khan, Kenneth H Mayer, Tasnim Azim
BACKGROUND: Female sex workers (FSWs) in Bangladesh remain at elevated risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) although the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence among them is low. Recent information on the burden and etiological diagnosis of STIs among them has been lacking. This study examines prevalence and risk behaviors of selected STIs among FSWs in Dhaka in 2014. METHODS: Between August and October 2014, a cross-sectional study was conducted among street-based and residence-based FSWs receiving HIV prevention services at 24 drop in centers in Dhaka...
November 28, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896553/associations-of-hiv-testing-sexual-risk-and-access-to-prevention-among-female-sex-workers-in-the-dominican-republic
#15
Lisa G Johnston, Luis Bonilla, Tessie Caballero, Martha Rodriguez, Yordana Dolores, Miguel Angel de la Rosa, Annie Malla, Janet Burnett, Víctor Terrero, Sam Martinez, Oliver Morgan
The Caribbean region has one of the highest proportions of HIV in the general female population attributable to sex work. In 2008 (n = 1256) and 2012 (n = 1525) in the Dominican Republic, HIV biological and behavioral surveys were conducted among female sex workers (FSW) in four provinces using respondent driven sampling. Participants were ≥15 years who engaged in intercourse in exchange for money in the past 6 months and living/working in the study province. There were no statistically significant changes in HIV and other infections prevalence from 2008 to 2012, despite ongoing risky sexual practices...
November 28, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896550/global-trends-of-monitoring-and-data-collection-on-the-hiv-response-among-key-populations-since-the-2001-un-declaration-of-commitment-on-hiv-aids
#16
Julia Gall, Keith Sabin, Luisa Frescura, Miriam Lewis Sabin, Taavi Erkkola, Igor Toskin
Monitoring and evaluation indicators for HIV programs' response to the epidemic among key populations (sex workers, people who inject drugs, men who have sex with men, transgender people) are critical for reviewing the global response. From the beginning of global reporting, insufficiency of data has been a challenge for monitoring the epidemic response among key populations. However, key populations were only indirectly referenced in the 2001 Declaration of Commitment. By the 2006 Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS, data from key populations were still not required from every country, and were sparsely reported compared to other indicators...
November 28, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893598/acceptability-and-effectiveness-of-assisted-human-immunodeficiency-virus-partner-services-in-mozambique-results-from-a-pilot-program-in-a-public-urban-clinic
#17
R Serene Myers, Caryl Feldacker, Freide Cesár, Zulmira Paredes, Gerito Augusto, Chadreque Muluana, Sinesia Citao, Catarina Mboa-Ferrao, Esmeralda Karajeanes, Matthew R Golden
BACKGROUND: Assisted partner services (APS) involves offering persons with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) assistance notifying and testing their sex partners. Assisted partner services is rarely available in sub-Saharan Africa. We instituted a pilot APS program in Maputo, Mozambique. METHODS: Between June and September 2014, community health workers (CHWs) offered APS to persons with newly diagnosed HIV (index patients [IPs]). Community health workers interviewed IPs at baseline, 4 and 8 weeks...
November 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890984/child-rearing-practices-amongst-brothel-based-commercial-sex-workers
#18
(no author information available yet)
[This retracts the article on p. 197 in vol. 37, PMID: 23112449.].
October 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890364/epidemiological-status-of-malaria-in-iran-2011-2014
#19
Faezeh Norouzinejad, Fatemeh Ghaffari, Ahmad Raeisi, Abbas Norouzinejad
OBJECTIVES: To aim to determine the status and epidemiological aspects of malaria in Iran in favour of gaining a better understanding of the national control of malaria. METHODS: This epidemiological study examined the status of malaria from 2011 to 2014 in Iran. Data were collected from the Ministry of Health's protocol for controlling and eliminating malaria, which is currently in use. This malaria information reporting system is automated in all Iranian provinces and cities, and all information is submitted online to the center for communicable disease control in the Ministry of Health...
November 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889077/-sex-education-through-popular-education-for-health-in-a-brazilian-rural-social-movement
#20
Luiz Fabiano Zanatta
Based on the ideas of Paulo Freire, the methodological framework of Popular Education for Health (PEH) provides a more adaptable method for sex education, including societal participation as well as the social, historical and cultural dimensions of the population. The purpose of this work is to relate one such PEH experience in sex education, which took the form of a community project with a group of students from 10 to 28 years of age attending Itinerant Schools and with groups from the Landless Rural Workers Movement (MST) in the state of Parana, Brazil...
November 23, 2016: Gaceta Sanitaria
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