keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Animal welfare

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230800/mutilating-procedures-management-practices-and-housing-conditions-that-may-affect-the-welfare-of-farm-animals-implications-for-welfare-research
#1
Rebecca E Nordquist, Franz Josef van der Staay, Frank J C M van Eerdenburg, Francisca C Velkers, Lisa Fijn, Saskia S Arndt
A number of mutilating procedures, such as dehorning in cattle and goats and beak trimming in laying hens, are common in farm animal husbandry systems in an attempt to prevent or solve problems, such as injuries from horns or feather pecking. These procedures and other practices, such as early maternal separation, overcrowding, and barren housing conditions, raise concerns about animal welfare. Efforts to ensure or improve animal welfare involve adapting the animal to its environment, i.e., by selective breeding (e...
February 21, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229166/-morphological-investigations-of-deep-sole-ulcers-in-cattle-part-2-toe-ulcers-white-line-disease-in-the-heel-and-changes-due-to-inappropriate-weight-bearing-and-deficient-claw-care
#2
Susanne Gehringer, Matthias Müller, Johann Maierl
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the morphology of pathological changes to the inner structures of the claw in cases of toe ulcers, white line disease in the heel and changes due to inappropriate weight bearing and deficient claw care. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Hind limbs of 55 cows displaying external signs of complicated sole ulcers were examined externally and internally. To examine the samples internally, a sagittal section was performed. Furthermore, the material was examined after bone maceration and histologically...
February 23, 2017: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223237/consumer-preferences-for-sustainable-aquaculture-products-evidence-from-in-depth-interviews-think-aloud-protocols-and-choice-experiments
#3
Antje Risius, Meike Janssen, Ulrich Hamm
Fish from aquaculture is becoming more important for human consumption. Sustainable aquaculture procedures were developed as an alternative to overcome the negative environmental impacts of conventional aquaculture procedures and wild fisheries. The objective of this contribution is to determine what consumers expect from sustainable aquaculture and whether they prefer sustainable aquaculture products. A combination of qualitative research methods, with think aloud protocols and in-depth interviews, as well as quantitative methods, using choice experiments and face-to-face interviews, was applied...
February 18, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222764/occurrence-of-salmonella-spp-a-comparison-between-indoor-and-outdoor-housing-of-broilers-and-laying-hens
#4
Martin Wierup, Helene Wahlström, Elina Lahti, Helena Eriksson, Désirée S Jansson, Åsa Odelros, Linda Ernholm
BACKGROUND: Outdoor production of poultry is rapidly increasing, which could be associated with increased risks for exposure to different environmental sources of Salmonella. We report a comparison on the occurrence of Salmonella during 2007-2015 in broilers and laying hens in outdoor and indoor production subjected to the same requirements for the prevention and control of Salmonella as applied in Sweden. RESULTS: Our results give no indication that, during the period studied, the exposure to Salmonella in outdoor poultry production was higher than in the indoor production...
February 21, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221964/methods-and-processes-of-developing-the-strengthening-the-reporting-of-observational-studies-in-epidemiology-veterinary-strobe-vet-statement
#5
J M Sargeant, A M O'Connor, I R Dohoo, H N Erb, M Cevallos, M Egger, A K Ersbøll, S W Martin, L R Nielsen, D L Pearl, D U Pfeiffer, J Sanchez, M E Torrence, H Vigre, C Waldner, M P Ward
Reporting of observational studies in veterinary research presents challenges that often are not addressed in published reporting guidelines. Our objective was to develop an extension of the STROBE (Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology) statement that addresses unique reporting requirements for observational studies in veterinary medicine related to health, production, welfare, and food safety. We conducted a consensus meeting with 17 experts in Mississauga, Canada. Experts completed a premeeting survey about whether items in the STROBE statement should be modified or added to address unique issues related to observational studies in animal species with health, production, welfare, or food safety outcomes...
December 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221675/environmental-changes-and-anthropogenic-factors-modulate-social-play-in-captive-bottlenose-dolphins-tursiops-truncatus
#6
Agathe Serres, Fabienne Delfour
Social play varies among species and individuals and changes in frequency and duration during ontogeny. This type of play is modulated by environmental changes (e.g., resource availability). In captivity, cetaceans and their environment are managed by humans, and training sessions and/or public presentations punctuate the day as well as other frequent or occasional events. There is a lack of research on the effects of environmental events that occur in captivity and might affect dolphins' behavior. We studied the context in which nine bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) played socially and the events that could potentially impact this social interaction...
February 21, 2017: Zoo Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220554/changes-in-stable-isotope-ratios-in-pdo-cheese-related-to-the-area-of-production-and-green-forage-availability-the-case-study-of-pecorino-siciliano
#7
Bernardo Valenti, Luisa Biondi, Luca Campidonico, Luana Bontempo, Giuseppe Luciano, Fortunato Di Paola, Venera Copani, Luca Ziller, Federica Camin
RATIONALE: No study has investigated the variations of stable isotope ratios (SIRs) of bioelements within a Protected Designations of Origin (PDO) cheese and few studies have focused on the dietary background of animals. For traceability purposes, it is important to know how and whether these issues affect SIRs in a PDO cheese. METHODS: Thirty-six Pecorino Siciliano cheese samples were collected in three east-Sicilian areas in seasons in which green herbage was present or absent in an animal's diet...
February 20, 2017: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219478/assessment-of-the-multi-criteria-evaluation-system-of-the-welfare-quality%C3%A2-protocol-for-growing-pigs
#8
I Czycholl, C Kniese, L Schrader, J Krieter
Animal welfare has become an important subject of public and political debate, leading to the necessity of an objective evaluation system for on-farm use. As welfare is a multi-dimensional concept, it makes sense to use a multi-criteria aggregation system to obtain an overall welfare score. Such an aggregation system is provided by the Welfare Quality® Network. The present paper focusses on the assessment of the multi-criteria evaluation model included in the Welfare Quality® protocol for growing pigs in order to aggregate the animal-based indicators first to criteria, then to principles and finally to an overall welfare score...
February 21, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218670/religion-and-animal-welfare-an-islamic-perspective
#9
REVIEW
Sira Abdul Rahman
Islam is a comprehensive religion guiding the lives of its followers through sets of rules governing the personal, social, and public aspects through the verses of the Holy Qur'an and Hadiths, the compilation of the traditions of Prophet Mohammed (pbuh), the two main documents that serve as guidelines. Islam is explicit with regard to using animals for human purposes and there is a rich tradition of the Prophet Mohammad's (pbuh) concern for animals to be found in the Hadith and Sunna. Islam has also laid down rules for humane slaughter...
February 17, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215871/disease-behaviours-of-sows-naturally-infected-with-taenia-solium-in-tanzania
#10
Chiara Trevisan, Maria Vang Johansen, Ernatus Martin Mkupasi, Helena Aminel Ngowi, Björn Forkman
Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is a disease caused by the zoonotic parasite Taenia solium lodging in the central nervous system. Both humans and pigs can get NCC. The impact of the disease in pigs has so far been little explored. The aim of this study was to describe the effect of NCC on social and feeding behaviours as well as the pattern of activity as indicators of reduced welfare in naturally infected sows. In total 13 T. solium naturally infected and 15 non-infected control sows were videotaped for 2 consecutive weeks using close circuit television cameras at research facilities at Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania...
February 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214916/facial-expression-an-under-utilised-tool-for-the-assessment-of-welfare-in-mammals
#11
Kris A Descovich, Jennifer Wathan, Matthew C Leach, Hannah M Buchanan-Smith, Paul Flecknell, David Farningham, Sarah-Jane Vick
Animal welfare is a key issue for industries that use or impact upon animals. The accurate identification of welfare states is particularly relevant to the field of bioscience, where the 3Rs framework encourages refinement of experimental procedures involving animal models. The assessment and improvement of welfare states in animals is reliant on reliable and valid measurement tools. Behavioural measures (activity, attention, posture and vocalisation) are frequently used because they are immediate and non-invasive, however no single indicator can yield a complete picture of the internal state of an animal...
February 8, 2017: ALTEX
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208689/season-transport-duration-and-trailer-compartment-effects-on-blood-stress-indicators-in-pigs-relationship-to-environmental-behavioral-and-other-physiological-factors-and-pork-quality-traits
#12
Roberta Sommavilla, Luigi Faucitano, Harold Gonyou, Yolande Seddon, Renée Bergeron, Tina Widowski, Trever Crowe, Laurie Connor, Marina Bergoli Scheeren, Sébastien Goumon, Jennifer Brown
The objective of this study was to assess the effects of the season, travel duration and trailer compartment location on blood creatine-kinase (CK), lactate and cortisol concentrations in 384 pigs and assess their relationships with trailer temperature, heart rate and gastrointestinal tract temperature (GTT), behavior, carcass damage scores and meat quality. Blood CK was greater in pigs transported in summer (p = 0.02), after 18 h transportation (p < 0.001) and in pigs located in C4, C5 and C10 (p = 0.002)...
February 8, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208595/congenital-malformations-in-river-buffalo-bubalus-bubalis
#13
REVIEW
Sara Albarella, Francesca Ciotola, Emanuele D'Anza, Angelo Coletta, Luigi Zicarelli, Vincenzo Peretti
The world buffalo population is about 168 million, and it is still growing, in India, China, Brazil, and Italy. In these countries, buffalo genetic breeding programs have been performed for many decades. The occurrence of congenital malformations has caused a slowing of the genetic progress and economic loss for the breeders, due to the death of animals, or damage to their reproductive ability or failing of milk production. Moreover, they cause animal welfare reduction because they can imply foetal dystocia and because the affected animals have a reduced fitness with little chances of survival...
February 10, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208592/relationship-between-deck-level-body-surface-temperature-and-carcass-damages-in-italian-heavy-pigs-after-short-journeys-at-different-unloading-environmental-conditions
#14
Agnese Arduini, Veronica Redaelli, Fabio Luzi, Stefania Dall'Olio, Vincenzo Pace, Leonardo Nanni Costa
In order to evaluate the relationships between deck level, body surface temperature and carcass damages after a short journey (30 min), 10 deliveries of Italian heavy pigs, including a total of 1400 animals from one farm, were examined. Within 5 min after the arrival at the abattoir, the vehicles were unloaded. Environmental temperature and relative humidity were recorded and a Temperature Humidity Index (THI) was calculated. After unloading, maximum temperatures of dorsal and ocular regions were measured by a thermal camera on groups of pigs from each of the unloaded decks...
February 10, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202956/united-states-restore-public-files-on-animal-welfare
#15
Delcianna J Winders
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202727/monkeys-choose-as-if-maximizing-utility-compatible-with-basic-principles-of-revealed-preference-theory
#16
Alexandre Pastor-Bernier, Charles R Plott, Wolfram Schultz
Revealed preference theory provides axiomatic tools for assessing whether individuals make observable choices "as if" they are maximizing an underlying utility function. The theory evokes a tradeoff between goods whereby individuals improve themselves by trading one good for another good to obtain the best combination. Preferences revealed in these choices are modeled as curves of equal choice (indifference curves) and reflect an underlying process of optimization. These notions have far-reaching applications in consumer choice theory and impact the welfare of human and animal populations...
February 15, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202354/non-invasive-monitoring-of-physiological-markers-in-primates
#17
REVIEW
V Behringer, T Deschner
The monitoring of endocrine markers that inform about an animal's physiological state has become an invaluable tool for studying the behavioral ecology of primates. While the collection of blood samples usually requires the animal to be caught and immobilized, non-invasively collected samples of saliva, urine, feces or hair can be obtained without any major disturbance of the subject of interest. Such samples enable repeated collection which is required for matching behavioral information over long time periods with detailed information on endocrine markers...
February 12, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196645/oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-in-three-related-kowari-dasyuroides-byrnei
#18
Richard Saunders, Rowena Killick, Michelle Barrows, Mark Stidworthy
We report three kowari (Dasyuroides byrnei) with squamous cell carcinoma affecting the gingiva. These cases occurred in rapid succession in a related group of individuals of similar age, suggesting a familial tendency to this condition and a typical age of presentation. Other conditions affecting the oral cavity can mimic the appearance of oral squamous cell carcinoma in this species, and so knowledge of this condition can assist the veterinarian in making rapid decisions regarding prognosis and improving the welfare of these animals...
February 11, 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187170/correction-literary-fiction-influences-attitudes-toward-animal-welfare
#19
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0168695.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186660/efficacy-of-a-probiotic-prebiotic-supplement-on-incidence-of-diarrhea-in-a-dog-shelter-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#20
L Rose, J Rose, S Gosling, M Holmes
BACKGROUND: Diarrhea is the most frequent morbidity affecting kenneled dogs in animal shelters. Diarrhea impacts animal welfare and the finances of the shelter as they must treat, clean, and house affected animals until recovered. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: Supplementing dogs entering an animal shelter with a probiotic-prebiotic, known as a synbiotic, will decrease the incidence of diarrhea. ANIMALS: Seven hundred and seventy-three dogs entering an animal shelter in the United Kingdom...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
keyword
keyword
22371
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"