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Gold nanoparticles radiation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520555/relaxation-lifetimes-of-plasmonically-enhanced-hybrid-gold-carbon-nanotubes-systems
#1
Mareen Gläske, Manoj Kumar, Timo Bißwanger, Saulius Vaitiekenas, Cesare Soci, Rohit Narula, Annalisa Bruno, Antonio Setaro
Recently, we introduced a novel hybridization route for carbon nanotubes using gold nanoparticles, whose close proximity neatly enhances their radiative emission. Here we investigate the mechanisms behind the enhancement by monitoring the de-excitation dynamics of our π-hybrids through two-color pump-probe time-resolved spectroscopy. The de-excitation process reveals a fast component and a slow component. We find that the presence of gold prominently affects the fast processes, indicating a stronger influence of the gold nanoparticle on the intra-band non-radiative relaxation than on the inter-band recombination of the SWNT...
May 18, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509080/evaluation-of-dose-enhancement-in-presence-of-gold-nanoparticles-in-eye-brachytherapy-by-103-pd-source
#2
Hadi Rezaei, Mansour Zabihzadeh, Mahdi Ghorbani, Foad Goli Ahmadabad, Hesameddin Mostaghimi
In recent years, the use of gold nanoparticles in radiation therapy has been introduced as a new approach in radiotherapy. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of gold nanoparticles (GNPs) in plaque brachytherapy for choroidal melanoma using Monte Carlo (MC) simulation. MCNPX code was used for simulation of human eye, (103)Pd (model 200) brachytherapy source and the 20 mm COMS eye plaque that was loaded with 24 (103)Pd seeds and standardized by Collaborative Ocular Melanoma Study (COMS). The tumour was defined from the inner surface of choroid with 0...
May 16, 2017: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501783/silencing-of-dna-repair-sensitizes-pediatric-brain-tumor-cells-to-%C3%AE-irradiation-using-gold-nanoparticles
#3
Zuliang Liu, Huiru Yan, Hongsha Li
We present a nanoparticle (NP)-mediated delivery vehicle that effectively carries and protects siRNA in pediatric ependymoma (EP) and medulloblastoma (MB) cells. The delivery vehicle consists of gold NPs coated with a polymeric shell comprising polyethylene glycol (PG), chitosan and polyethyleneimine (Au-CP-PEI). NPs loaded with siRNA knocked down Ape1 expression by over 75% in both MB and EP cells. Further, this reduction in Ape1 expression is associated with an increase in DNA damage after irradiation. The results indicate that NP-associated delivery of siApe1 is a feasible approach to circumventing pediatric brain tumor resistance to radiation therapy...
April 27, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499336/optical-properties-of-gold-nanoparticle-assemblies-on-a-glass-surface
#4
M O Stetsenko, S P Rudenko, L S Maksimenko, B K Serdega, O Pluchery, S V Snegir
The assemblies of cross-linked gold nanoparticles (AuNP) attract lot of scientific attention due to feasible perspectives of their use for development of scaled contact electrodes. Here, we developed and tested method of solid-state formation of dimers created from small AuNP (~18 nm) cross-linked with 1.9-nonadithiol (NDT) molecules. The morphology of created coating of a glass surface and its optical-polarization properties have been studied in detail by combination of scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, UV-visible spectroscopy, and modulation-polarization spectroscopy...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497084/effects-of-radiofrequency-radiation-in-the-presence-of-gold-nanoparticles-for-the-treatment-of-renal-cell-carcinoma
#5
Safoora Nikzad, Golshan Mahmoudi, Payam Amini, Milad Baradaran-Ghahfarokhi, Akbar Vahdat-Moaddab, Seyedeh Maryam Sharafi, Leila Hojaji-Najafabadi, Ali Hosseinzadeh
Introduction: The most common type of kidney cancer is renal cell carcinoma (RCC), which accounts for more than 80% of all kidney cancers. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of radiofrequency (RF) radiation in the presence of gold nanoparticles (GNPs) for the treatment of RCC. Materials and Methods: Human embryonic kidney (HEK) cancer cells were divided into 6 groups. Various tests were performed on HEK cells in the presence of RF and GNPs. In order to investigate the radiation effects on the cells' survival, MTT [3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-iphenyltetrazolium bromide] assay was performed at different days during and post-irradiation period...
2017: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492507/core-shell-magnetic-gold-nanoparticles-for-magnetic-field-enhanced-radio-photothermal-therapy-in-cervical-cancer
#6
Rui Hu, Minxue Zheng, Jinchang Wu, Cheng Li, Danqing Shen, Dian Yang, Li Li, Mingfeng Ge, Zhimin Chang, Wenfei Dong
The combination of radiotherapy (RT) and photothermal therapy (PTT) has been considered an attractive strategy in cervical cancer treatment. However, it remains a challenge to simultaneously enhance the radio-sensitivity of tumor tissue, develop tumor tissue-focused radiation therapies and combine dual therapeutic modalities. In this study, core-shell type magnetic gold (Fe₃O₄@Au) nanoparticles are exploited to achieve the synergistic efficacy of radio-photothermal therapy in cervical cancer. Fe₃O₄@Au nanoparticles (NPs) with uniform morphology exhibited superior surface plasmon resonance properties, excellent superparamagnetic properties, good biocompatibility and high photothermal conversion efficiency...
May 11, 2017: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486807/near-infrared-responsive-gold-layersome-nanoshells
#7
Akram Abbasi, Keunhan Park, Arijit Bose, Geoffrey D Bothun
Anionic liposomes coated with the cationic polyelectrolyte poly-l-lysine (PLL), or layersomes, were used as soft, self-assembled templates for synthesizing gold nanoshells that absorb near infrared radiation. The gold-nanoshells were formed using two techniques (a) direct reduction of tetrachloroauric acid on the layersomes, and (b) reduction of a tetrachloroauric acid/potassium carbonate 'growth' solution on nanosized gold seeds bound to the surface of layersomes. The resulting structures were characterized by transmission and scanning electron microscopy, and visible-near infrared spectroscopy...
May 9, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455135/sn38-conjugated-hyaluronic-acid-gold-nanoparticles-as-a-novel-system-against-metastatic-colon-cancer-cells
#8
Hosniyeh Hosseinzadeh, Fatemeh Atyabi, Behrang Shiri Varnamkhasti, Reza Hosseinzadeh, Seyed Nasser Ostad, Mohammad Hossein Ghahremani, Rassoul Dinarvand
Combination of chemotherapy and photothermal therapy has been proposed for better treatment of metastatic colon cancer. In this study SN38, a highly potent cytotoxic agent, was conjugated to negatively charged hyaluronic acid (HA), which was deposited on the surface of the positively charged gold nanoparticles via electrostatic interaction. The drug conjugation and its interaction with gold nanoparticles were verified by (1)H NMR and UV-vis spectroscopies, respectively. The prepared SN38-HA gold NPs are negatively charged spherical nanoparticles with an average size of 75±10nm...
April 25, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429022/dependence-of-gold-nanoparticle-radiosensitization-on-cell-geometry
#9
Wonmo Sung, Sung-Joon Ye, Aimee L McNamara, Stephen J McMahon, James Hainfeld, Jungwook Shin, Henry M Smilowitz, Harald Paganetti, Jan Schuemann
The radiosensitization effect of gold nanoparticles (GNPs) has been demonstrated both in vitro and in vivo in radiation therapy. The purpose of this study was to systematically assess the biological effectiveness of GNPs distributed in the extracellular media for realistic cell geometries. TOPAS-nBio simulations were used to determine the nanometre-scale radial dose distributions around the GNPs, which were subsequently used to predict the radiation dose response of cells surrounded by GNPs. MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cells and F-98 rat glioma cells were used as models to assess different cell geometries by changing (1) the cell shape, (2) the nucleus location within the cell, (3) the size of GNPs, and (4) the photon energy...
May 11, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419319/influence-of-concentration-nanoparticle-size-beam-energy-and-material-on-dose-enhancement-in-radiation-therapy
#10
Chulhwan Hwang, Ja Mee Kim, JungHoon Kim
The purpose of this study was to analyse the effects of the type, concentration, and nanoparticle diameter of dose enhancement materials on the dose enhancement of low- and high-energy megavoltage (MV) X-rays acquired from a medical linear accelerator using Monte Carlo simulation. Monte Carlo simulation was performed with the Monte Carlo N-Particle Transport (MCNPX) code, using the energy spectrum of the linear accelerator and a mathematical Snyder head phantom. A 5-cm-diameter virtual tumour was defined in the centre of the phantom...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338323/shape-dependent-radiosensitization-effect-of-gold-nanostructures-in-cancer-radiotherapy-comparison-of-gold-nanoparticles-nanospikes-and-nanorods
#11
Ningning Ma, Fu-Gen Wu, Xiaodong Zhang, Yao-Wen Jiang, Hao-Ran Jia, Hong-Yin Wang, Yan-Hong Li, Peidang Liu, Ning Gu, Zhan Chen
The shape effect of gold (Au) nanomaterials on the efficiency of cancer radiotherapy has not been fully elucidated. To address this issue, Au nanomaterials with different shapes but similar average size (∼50 nm) including spherical gold nanoparticles (GNPs), gold nanospikes (GNSs), and gold nanorods (GNRs) were synthesized and functionalized with poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) molecules. Although all of these Au nanostructures were coated with the same PEG molecules, their cellular uptake behavior differed significantly...
April 10, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322970/gold-nanoparticles-radiations-and-the-immune-system-current-insights-into-the-physical-mechanisms-and-the-biological-interactions-of-this-new-alliance-towards-cancer-therapy
#12
REVIEW
Nikolaos M Dimitriou, George Tsekenis, Evangelos C Balanikas, Athanasia Pavlopoulou, Melina Mitsiogianni, Theodora Mantso, George Pashos, Andreas G Boudouvis, Ioannis N Lykakis, Georgios Tsigaridas, Mihalis I Panayiotidis, Vassilios Yannopapas, Alexandros G Georgakilas
Considering both cancer's serious impact on public health and the side effects of cancer treatments, strategies towards targeted cancer therapy have lately gained considerable interest. Employment of gold nanoparticles (GNPs), in combination with ionizing and non-ionizing radiations, has been shown to improve the effect of radiation treatment significantly. GNPs, as high-Z particles, possess the ability to absorb ionizing radiation and enhance the deposited dose within the targeted tumors. Furthermore, they can convert non-ionizing radiation into heat, due to plasmon resonance, leading to hyperthermic damage to cancer cells...
March 16, 2017: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300190/a-mechanistic-study-of-gold-nanoparticle-radiosensitisation-using-targeted-microbeam-irradiation
#13
Mihaela Ghita, Stephen J McMahon, Laura E Taggart, Karl T Butterworth, Giuseppe Schettino, Kevin M Prise
Gold nanoparticles (GNPs) have been demonstrated as effective radiosensitizing agents in a range of preclinical models using broad field sources of various energies. This study aimed to distinguish between these mechanisms by applying subcellular targeting using a soft X-ray microbeam in combination with GNPs. DNA damage and repair kinetics were determined following nuclear and cytoplasmic irradiation using a soft X-ray (carbon K-shell, 278 eV) microbeam in MDA-MB-231 breast cancer and AG01522 fibroblast cells with and without GNPs...
March 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285936/enhancing-the-effect-of-4mev-electron-beam-using-gold-nanoparticles-in-breast-cancer-cells
#14
Somayeh Sadat Mehrnia, Bijan Hashemi, Seyed Javad Mowla, Azim Arbabi
Gold nanoparticles (GNPs) have been applied as radiosensitizer in radiotherapy. Limited reports have shown that GNPs may be effective as a dose enhancer agent for electron radiation therapy. Some Monte Carlo Simulation studies have shown that selecting suitable size of GNPs and electron energies are critical for effective dose enhancement. The aim of this study was to assess possible radiosensitization effect of GNPs on cancer cell treated with 4MeV electron beams. Approximately 10nm GNPs were synthesized and characterized by electron microscope and dynamic light scattering...
March 2017: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285162/angular-dose-anisotropy-around-gold-nanoparticles-exposed-to-x-rays
#15
Sherif M Gadoue, Dolla Toomeh, Piotr Zygmanski, Erno Sajo
Gold nanoparticle (GNP) radiotherapy has recently emerged as a promising modality in cancer treatment. The use of high atomic number nanoparticles can lead to enhanced radiation dose in tumors due to low-energy leakage electrons depositing in the vicinity of the GNP. A single metric, the dose enhancement ratio has been used in the literature, often in substantial disagreement, to quantify the GNP's capacity to increase local energy deposition. This 1D approach neglects known sources of dose anisotropy and assumes that one average value is representative of the dose enhancement...
March 8, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262861/dense-ionization-and-subsequent-non-homogeneous-radical-mediated-chemistry-of-femtosecond-laser-induced-low-density-plasma-in-aqueous-solutions-synthesis-of-colloidal-gold
#16
Hakim Belmouaddine, Minghan Shi, Paul-Ludovic Karsenti, Ridthee Meesat, Léon Sanche, Daniel Houde
The "cold" low density plasma channels generated by the filamentation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in aqueous solutions constitute a source of dense ionization. Here, we probed the radiation-assisted chemistry of water triggered by laser ionization via the radical-mediated synthesis of nanoparticles in gold chloride aqueous solutions. We showed that the formation of colloidal gold originates from the reduction of trivalent ionic gold initially present in solution by the reactive radicals (e.g. hydrated electrons) produced upon the photolysis of water...
March 6, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260889/gold-nanoparticles-and-electroporation-impose-both-separate-and-synergistic-radiosensitizing-effects-in-ht-29-tumor-cells-an-in-vitro-study
#17
Zohre Rezaee, Ali Yadollahpour, Vahid Bayati, Fereshteh Negad Dehbashi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Radiation therapy (RT) is the gold standard treatment for more than half of known tumors. Despite recent improvements in RT efficiency, the side effects of ionizing radiation (IR) in normal tissues are a dose-limiting factor that restricts higher doses in tumor treatment. One approach to enhance the efficiency of RT is the application of radiosensitizers to selectively increase the dose at the tumor site. Gold nanoparticles (GNPs) and electroporation (EP) have shown good potential as radiosensitizers for RT...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248357/radiation-losses-and-dark-mode-at-light-guiding-by-a-linear-chain-of-nanoparticles
#18
Yurii N Barabanenkov, Mikhail Yu Barabanenkov
A new general formula is presented for a collective extinction cross section of a dielectric or a metallic nanoparticle ensemble in terms of incident electric field work on currents excited inside particles. The formula is obtained by identical transformation of the well-known expression for the summing power of electromagnetic field energy losses caused by particle ensemble scattering and absorption. The derived formula is applied to the problem of radiation losses at electromagnetic excitation transfer along a straight chain of particles...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, Image Science, and Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225353/impact-of-fluorescence-emission-from-gold-atoms-on-surrounding-biological-tissue-implications-for-nanoparticle-radio-enhancement
#19
H L Byrne, Y Gholami, Z Kuncic
The addition of gold nanoparticles within target tissue (i.e. a tumour) to enhance the delivered radiation dose is a well studied radiotherapy treatment strategy, despite not yet having been translated into standard clinical practice. While several studies have used Monte Carlo simulations to investigate radiation dose enhancement by Auger electrons emitted from irradiated gold nanoparticles, none have yet considered the effects due to escaping fluorescence photons. Geant4 was used to simulate a water phantom containing 10 mg ml(-1) uniformly dispersed gold (1% by mass) at 5 cm depth...
April 21, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195448/mitochondrion-anchoring-photosensitizer-with-aggregation-induced-emission-characteristics-synergistically-boosts-the-radiosensitivity-of-cancer-cells-to-ionizing-radiation
#20
Chris Y Y Yu, Huae Xu, Shenglu Ji, Ryan T K Kwok, Jacky W Y Lam, Xiaolin Li, Sunil Krishnan, Dan Ding, Ben Zhong Tang
The first mitochondrion-anchoring photosensitizer that specifically generates singlet oxygen ((1) O2 ) in mitochondria under white light irradiation that can serve as a highly effective radiosensitizer is reported here, significantly sensitizing cancer cells to ionizing radiation. An aggregation-induced emission luminogen (AIEgen), namely DPA-SCP, is rationally designed with α-cyanostilbene as a simple building block to reveal AIE, diphenylamino (DPA) group as a strong electron donating group to benefit red emission and efficient light-controlled (1) O2 generation, as well as a pyridinium salt as the targeting moiety to ensure specific mitochondrial localization...
April 2017: Advanced Materials
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