keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Gold nanoparticles radiation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348833/gold-nanoparticles-as-a-potent-radiosensitizer-in-neutron-therapy
#1
Eun Ho Kim, Mi-Sook Kim, Hyo Sook Song, Seung Hoon Yoo, Sei Sai, Kwangzoo Chung, Jiwon Sung, Youn Kyoung Jeong, YunHui Jo, Myonggeun Yoon
The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential of gold nanoparticles as radiosensitizer for use in neutron therapy against hepatocellular carcinoma. The hepatocellular carcinoma cells lines Huh7 and HepG2 were irradiated with γ and neutron radiation in the presence or absence of gold nanoparticles. Effects were evaluated by transmission electron microscopy, cell survival, cell cycle, DNA damage, migration, and invasiveness. Gold nanoparticles significantly enhanced the radiosensitivity of Huh7 and HepG2 cells to γ-rays by 1...
December 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303547/hydrogel-nanosensors-for-colorimetric-detection-and-dosimetry-in-proton-beam-radiotherapy
#2
Sahil Inamdar, Karthik Pushpavanam, Jarrod Lentz, Martin Bues, Aman Anand, Kaushal Rege
Proton beam therapy (PBT) is a state-of-the-art radiotherapy treatment approach that uses focused proton beams for tumor ablation.[1] A key advantage of this approach over conventional photon radiotherapy (XRT) is the unique dose deposition characteristics of protons, resulting in superior healthy tissue sparing. This results in fewer unwanted side effects and improved outcomes for patients. Current available dosimeters are intrinsic, complex and expensive; hence cannot be used to determine the dose delivered to the tumor routinely...
January 5, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291159/dual-radiosensitization-and-anti-stat3-anti-proliferative-strategy-based-on-delivery-of-gold-nanoparticle-oligonucleotide-nanoconstructs-to-head-and-neck-cancer-cells
#3
Surong Zhang, Suresh Gupta, Thomas J Fitzgerald, Alexei A Bogdanov
Constitutively activated signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) factor is an important therapeutic target in head and neck cancer (HNC). Despite early promising results, a reliable systemic delivery system for STAT3- targeted oligonucleotide (ODN) drugs is still needed for future clinical translation of anti-STAT3 therapies. We engineered and tested a novel ODN duplex/gold nanoparticle (AuNP)-based system carrying a therapeutic STAT3 decoy (STAT3d) payload. This strategy is two-pronged because of the additive STAT3 antagonism and radiosensitizing properties of AuNP...
2018: Nanotheranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273727/radiosensitization-of-prostate-cancers-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-to-erbium-filtered-orthovoltage-x-rays-using-actively-targeted-gold-nanoparticles
#4
Allison M Khoo, Sang Hyun Cho, Francisco J Reynoso, Maureen Aliru, Kathryn Aziz, Monica Bodd, Xi Yang, Md F Ahmed, Selcuk Yasar, Nivedh Manohar, Jongmin Cho, Ramesh Tailor, Howard D Thames, Sunil Krishnan
Theoretical investigations suggest that gold nanoparticle (GNP)-mediated radiation dose enhancement and radiosensitization can be maximized when photons interact with gold, predominantly via photoelectric absorption. This makes ytterbium (Yb)-169, which emits photons with an average energy of 93 keV (just above the K-edge of gold), an ideal radioisotope for such purposes. This investigation tests the feasibility of tumor-specific prostate brachytherapy achievable with Yb-169 and actively targeted GNPs, using an external beam surrogate of Yb-169 created from an exotic filter material - erbium (Er) and a standard copper-filtered 250 kVp beam...
December 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233015/the-benefits-of-folic-acid-modified-gold-nanoparticles-in-ct-based-molecular-imaging-radiation-dose-reduction-and-image-contrast-enhancement
#5
Jaber Beik, Maryam Jafariyan, Alireza Montazerabadi, Ali Ghadimi-Daresajini, Parastoo Tarighi, Alireza Mahmoudabadi, Habib Ghaznavi, Ali Shakeri-Zadeh
X-ray computed tomography (CT) requires an optimal compromise between image quality and patient dose. While high image quality is an important requirement in CT, the radiation dose must be kept minimal to protect the patients from ionizing radiation-associated risks. The use of probes based on gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) along with active targeting ligands for specific recognition of cancer cells may be one of the balanced solutions. Herein, we report the effect of folic acid (FA)-modified AuNP as a targeted nanoprobe on the contrast enhancement of CT images as well as its potential for patient dose reduction...
December 12, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223890/gold-core-ceria-shell-based-redox-active-nanozyme-mimicking-the-biological-multienzyme-complex-phenomenon
#6
Stuti Bhagat, N V Srikanth Vallabani, Vaithiyalingam Shutthanandan, Mark Bowden, Ajay S Karakoti, Sanjay Singh
Catalytically active individual gold (Au) and cerium oxide (CeO2) nanoparticles (NPs) are well known to exhibit specific enzyme-like activities, such as natural catalase, oxidase, superoxide dismutase, and peroxidase enzymes. These activities have been maneuvered to design several biological applications such as immunoassays, glucose detection, radiation and free radical protection and tissue engineering. In biological systems, multienzyme complexes are involved in catalyzing important reactions of essential metabolic processes such as respiration, biomolecule synthesis, and photosynthesis...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220723/gold-nanoparticles-enhance-radiation-sensitization-and-suppress-colony-formation-in-a-feline-injection-site-sarcoma-cell-line-in-vitro
#7
J Z Benton, R J Williams, A Patel, K Meichner, J Tarigo, K Nagata, T D Pethel, R M Gogal
Injection Site Sarcomas (ISS) are highly invasive feline malignant tumors that are frequently associated with routine vaccination. Current treatment modalities include chemotherapy, radiation, and radical surgery. ISS have been shown to be one of the most treatment resistant of feline cancers with high rates of recurrence. Previous studies have shown that gold and other high atomic number nanoparticles have the ability to increase the dose of radiation deposited into tissue by generating secondary electrons...
December 2, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202354/silica-covered-star-shaped-au-ag-nanoparticles-as-new-electromagnetic-nanoresonators-for-raman-characterisation-of-surfaces
#8
Jan Krajczewski, Karol Kołątaj, Sylwia Pietrasik, Andrzej Kudelski
One of the tools used for determining the composition of surfaces of various materials is shell-isolated nanoparticle-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SHINERS). SHINERS is a modification of "standard" surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS), in which, before Raman spectra are recorded, the surfaces analysed are covered with a layer of plasmonic nanoparticles protected by a very thin layer of a transparent dielectric. The plasmonic cores of the core-shell nanoparticles used in SHINERS measurements generate a local enhancement of the electric field of the incident electromagnetic radiation, whereas the transparent coatings prevent the metal cores from coming into direct contact with the material being analysed...
December 1, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182344/light-emission-from-gold-nanoparticles-under-ultrafast-near-infrared-excitation-thermal-radiation-inelastic-light-scattering-or-multiphoton-luminescence
#9
Lukas Roloff, Philippe Klemm, Imke Gronwald, Rupert Huber, John M Lupton, Sebastian Bange
Gold nanoparticles emit broad-band upconverted luminescence upon irradiation with pulsed infrared laser radiation. Although the phenomenon is widely observed, considerable disagreement still exists concerning the underlying physics, most notably over the applicability of concepts such as multiphoton absorption, inelastic scattering, and interband vs intraband electronic transitions. Here, we study single particles and small clusters of particles by employing a spectrally resolved power-law analysis of the irradiation-dependent emission as a sensitive probe of these physical models...
November 28, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172866/radiosensitization-of-ultrasmall-gnp-peg-crgdfk-in-alts1c1-exposed-to-therapeutic-protons-and-kilovoltage-and-megavoltage-photons
#10
Milad Enferadi, Sheng-Yung Fu, Ji-Hong Hong, Chuan-Jong Tung, Tsi-Chian Chao, Shiaw-Pyng Wey, Chun-Hui Chiu, Chun-Chieh Wang, Mahdi Sadeghi
PURPOSE: One of the promising radiosensitizers is the ultrasmall gold nanoparticle (GNP) with a hydrodynamic diameter <3 nm. We studied functionalized ultrasmall GNPs (1.8-nm diameter) coated by polyethylene glycol (PEG) and conjugated with cyclic RGDfK (2.6-nm hydrodynamic diameter) for targeting of alpha(v) beta(3) integrin (αvβ3) in the murine ALTS1C1 glioma cell line. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We investigated the uptake, toxicity and radiosensitivity of GNP-PEG-cRGDfKs in ALTS1C1 cells exposed to protons, kilovoltage photons and megavoltage photons...
November 27, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161019/local-enhancement-of-lipid-membrane-permeability-induced-by-irradiated-gold-nanoparticles
#11
Andrea Torchi, Federica Simonelli, Riccardo Ferrando, Giulia Rossi
Photothermal therapies are based on the optical excitation of plasmonic nanoparticles in the biological environment. The effects of the irradiation on the biological medium depend critically on the heat transfer process at the nanoparticle interface, on the temperature reached by the tissues as well as on the spatial extent of temperature gradients. Unfortunately, both the temperature and its biological effects are difficult to be probed experimentally at the molecular scale. Here, we approach this problem using non-equilibrium molecular dynamics simulations...
November 21, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158842/locoregional-confinement-and-major-clinical-benefit-of-188-re-loaded-cxcr4-targeted-nanocarriers-in-an-orthotopic-human-to-mouse-model-of-glioblastoma
#12
Delphine Séhédic, Igor Chourpa, Clément Tétaud, Audrey Griveau, Claire Loussouarn, Sylvie Avril, Claire Legendre, Nicolas Lepareur, Didier Wion, François Hindré, François Davodeau, Emmanuel Garcion
PURPOSE: Gold standard beam radiation for glioblastoma (GBM) treatment is challenged by resistance phenomena occurring in cellular populations well prepared to survive or to repair damage caused by radiation. Among signals that have been linked with radio-resistance, the SDF1/CXCR4 axis, associated with cancer stem-like cell, may be an opportune target. To avoid the problem of systemic toxicity and blood-brain barrier crossing, the relevance and efficacy of an original system of local brain internal radiation therapy combining a radiopharmaceutical with an immuno-nanoparticle was investigated...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148554/modelling-direct-dna-damage-for-gold-nanoparticle-enhanced-proton-therapy
#13
Marios Sotiropoulos, Nicholas T Henthorn, John W Warmenhoven, Ranald I Mackay, Karen J Kirkby, Michael J Merchant
Gold nanoparticles have been proven as potential radiosensitizer when combined with protons. Initially the radiosensitization effect was attributed to the physical interactions of radiation with the gold and the production of secondary electrons that induce DNA damage. However, emerging data challenge this hypothesis, supporting the existence of alternative or supplementary radiosensitization mechanisms. In this work we incorporate a realistic cell model with detailed DNA geometry and a realistic gold nanoparticle biodistribution based on experimental data...
November 17, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141149/surface-modification-of-cisplatin-complexed-gold-nanoparticles-and-its-influence-on-colloidal-stability-drug-loading-and-release
#14
Jiaojie Tan, Tae Joon Cho, De-Hao Tsai, Jingyu Liu, John M Pettibone, Rian You, Vincent A Hackley, Michael R Zachariah
Cisplatin-complexed gold nanoparticles (PtII-AuNP) provide a promising strategy for chemo-radiation based anticancer drugs. Effective design of such platforms necessitates reliable assessment of surface engineering on a quantitative basis, and its influence on drug payload, stability and release. In this paper, polyethylene glycol (PEG) stabilized PtII-AuNP was synthesized as a model anti-tumor drug platform, where PtII is attached via a carboxyl terminated dendron ligand. Surface modification by PEG and its influence on drug loading, colloidal stability and drug release were assessed...
November 15, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140684/janus-gold-nanoplatform-for-synergetic-chemoradiotherapy-and-computed-tomography-imaging-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#15
Zheng Wang, Dan Shao, Zhimin Chang, Mengmeng Lu, Yingshuai Wang, Juan Yue, Dian Yang, Mingqiang Li, Qiaobing Xu, Wen-Fei Dong
There is a pressing need to develop nanoplatforms that integrate multimodal therapeutics to improve treatment responses and prolong the survival of patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Mesoporous silica-coated gold nanomaterials have emerged as a novel multifunctional platform combining tunable surface plasmon resonance and mesoporous properties that exhibit multimodality properties in cancer theranostics. However, their reduced radiation-absorption efficiency and limited surface area hinder their further radiochemotherapeutic applications...
November 17, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138560/biodistribution-of-gold-nanoparticles-in-bbn-induced-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-in-mice
#16
Henry M Smilowitz, Lauren J Tarmu, Mary Melinda Sanders, John A Taylor, Dharamainder Choudhary, Crystal Xue, Nathaniel A Dyment, Dan Sasso, Xiaomeng Deng, James F Hainfeld
Bladder-sparing options are being developed for muscle-invasive bladder cancer in place of radical cystectomy, including the combination of chemotherapy and radiation therapy. We reasoned that improving the radiotherapy component of chemoradiation could improve the control of locally advanced disease. Previously, we showed that gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) are potent enhancers of radiation therapy. We hypothesized that if AuNPs were to preferentially localize to bladder tumors, they may be used to enhance the radiation component of muscle-invasive bladder tumor therapy...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130566/cisplatin-conjugated-gold-nanoparticles-as-a-theranostic-agent-for-head-and-neck-cancer
#17
Erez Shmuel Davidi, Tamar Dreifuss, Menachem Motiei, Eliezer Shai, Dimitri Bragilovski, Leon Lubimov, Marc Jose Jonathan Kindler, Aron Popovtzer, Jeremy Don, Rachela Popovtzer
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to develop a nanoplatform, which simultaneously acts as radiosensitizer, drug carrier, and tumor imaging agent for head and neck cancer. METHODS: We synthesized 20 nm gold nanoparticles, coated with glucose and cisplatin (CG-GNPs). Their penetration into tumor cells and their cellular toxicity were evaluated in vitro. In vivo experiments were conducted to evaluate their impact on tumor growth and their imaging capabilities...
November 11, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125831/nanoparticle-radio-enhancement-principles-progress-and-application-to-cancer-treatment
#18
Zdenka Kuncic, Sandrine Lacombe
Enhancement of radiation effects by high-atomic number nanoparticles (NPs) has been increasingly studied for its potential to improve radiotherapeutic efficacy. The underlying principle of NP radio-enhancement is the potential to release copious electrons into a nanoscale volume, thereby amplifying radiation-induced biological damage. While the vast majority of studies to date have focused on gold nanoparticles with photon radiation, an increasing number of experimental, theoretical and simulation studies have explored opportunities offered by other NPs (e...
November 10, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109791/can-molecular-profiling-enhance-radiotherapy-impact-of-personalized-targeted-gold-nanoparticles-on-radiosensitivity-and-imaging-of-adenoid-cystic-carcinoma
#19
Inbal Hazkani, Menachem Motiei, Oshra Betzer, Tamar Sadan, Dimitri Bragilovski, Leon Lubimov, Aviram Mizrachi, Tuvia Hadar, Mattan Levi, Irit Ben-Aharon, Izhack Haviv, Rachela Popovtzer, Aron Popovtzer
Personalized molecular profiling has an established role in selection of treatment for metastatic disease; however, its role in improving radiosensitivity and functional imaging has not been evaluated. In the current study, we examined molecular profiling as a tool for designing personalized targeted gold nanoparticles (GNP) to serve as dual-modal tumor radiosensitizers and functional imaging enhancers. To this end, molecular profiling of a patient's salivary gland adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) was performed, and anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) mutation was detected...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079739/gap-enhanced-fluorescence-as-a-road-map-for-the-detection-of-very-weakly-fluorescent-emitters-from-visible-to-ultraviolet
#20
Duncan McArthur, Francesco Papoff
We analyze the enhancement of the rates of both the emission and the far field radiation for dipoles placed in the gap between a metallic nanorod, or nanosphere, and a metallic substrate. For wavelengths between 150 nm and 650 nm, the response of the gapped nanostructures considered in this work is dominated by few principal modes of the nanoparticle, which include self-consistently the effect of the substrate. For wavelengths shorter than 370 nm, the far field radiative enhancements of aluminum nanostructures are significantly higher than those for gold or silver...
October 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
keyword
keyword
22367
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"