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Guillian barre syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851460/1825-an-atypical-severe-and-rapid-presentation-of-guillian-barr%C3%A3-syndrome
#1
Lyndsay Sprigg, Angella Woodman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800000/spontaneous-spinal-epidural-hematoma-coexisting-guillan-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-in-a-child-a-case-report
#2
Chi Hyung Lee, Geun Sung Song, Young Ha Kim, Dong Wuk Son, Sang Weon Lee
Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma (SSEH) has been reported as a rare cause of spinal cord compression, especially in children. Clinical features are usually nonspecific, although cervicothoracic location of hematoma could be presented with progressive paraplegia. Guillian-Barré syndrome (GBS) is clinically defined as an acute peripheral neuropathy causing progressive limb weakness. Because SSEH and GBS have very similar signs and symptoms, SSEH could be misdiagnosed as GBS. Nevertheless, they can be presented together...
September 2016: Korean Journal of Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758685/consequence-of-maternal-zika-virus-infection-a-narrative-review
#3
Kamal Niaz, Mohammad Abdollahi
Zika virus (ZIKV) is a deadly flavivirus that has spread from Africa to Asia and European countries. The virus is associated with other viruses in the same genus or family, transmitted by the same mosquito species with known history of fatality. A sudden increase in the rate of infection from ZIKV has made it a global health concern, which necessitates close symptom monitoring, enhancing treatment options, and vaccine production. This paper reviewed current reports on birth defects associated with ZIKV, mode of transmission, body fluids containing the virus, diagnosis , possible preventive measures or treatments, and vaccine development...
October 18, 2016: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27448322/pain-in-autoimmune-disorders
#4
Katherine A Mifflin, Bradley J Kerr
Most autoimmune diseases are associated with pathological pain development. Autoimmune diseases with pathological pain include complex regional pain syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, and Guillian-Barré syndrome to name a few. The present Review explores research linking the immune system to the development of pathological pain in autoimmune diseases. Pathological pain has been linked to T-cell activation and the release of cytokines from activated microglia in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord. New research on the role of autoantibodies in autoimmunity has generated insights into potential mechanisms of pain associated with autoimmune disease...
July 22, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27093288/structure-of-the-thermally-stable-zika-virus
#5
Victor A Kostyuchenko, Elisa X Y Lim, Shuijun Zhang, Guntur Fibriansah, Thiam-Seng Ng, Justin S G Ooi, Jian Shi, Shee-Mei Lok
Zika virus (ZIKV), formerly a neglected pathogen, has recently been associated with microcephaly in fetuses, and with Guillian-Barré syndrome in adults. Here we present the 3.7 Å resolution cryo-electron microscopy structure of ZIKV, and show that the overall architecture of the virus is similar to that of other flaviviruses. Sequence and structural comparisons of the ZIKV envelope (E) protein with other flaviviruses show that parts of the E protein closely resemble the neurovirulent West Nile and Japanese encephalitis viruses, while others are similar to dengue virus (DENV)...
April 19, 2016: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26853295/guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-after-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-a-case-report
#6
Manouchehr Hekmat, Hamid Ghaderi, Mahnoosh Foroughi, S Adeleh Mirjafari
Guillain-Barre syndrome is a neurologic disorder that may appear after infection or major surgery. Guillain-Barré syndrome following cardiac surgery is rare and only based on case reports, and we review all of the published cases. A 52-year-old man after 5 months suffering from chest pain was referred to our hospital and underwent coronary artery bypass graft for 3 vessel disease. The patient was discharged without complication on the 5th postoperative day. He presented Guillain-Barré syndrome after 12 months...
January 2016: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26721037/acute-flaccid-paralysis-surveillance-a-5-years-study-of-bannu-pakistan
#7
Muhammad Umer Faheem, Muhammad Zeeshan Haroon, Aftab Alam Khan, Maryum Shaukat, Sved Abbas Anwar
BACKGROUND: Acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) is clinical presentation marked by acute onset of weakness and reduced tone. Aetiologies of AFP are diverse including infectious agents, trauma or autoimmune reaction. Currently only three countries in the world that are Nigeria, Pakistan and Afghanistan have endemic poliomyelitis. Pakistan's polio crisis represents one of the last hurdles in a 23-year campaign run by the World Health Organization. Bannu due to its geographical location stands out to be one of highest risk areas for Poliomyelitis...
July 2015: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26627529/endotracheal-intubation-a-life-saving-procedure-still-potential-hazardous-to-upper-airway-a-case-report
#8
Mahrukh Afreen, Murtaza Ahsan Ansari
Endotracheal intubation plays a key role in the management of upper airway obstruction in emergency situations. It is non-invasive and easily learned technique by medical professionals as compared to other more skilled, surgical procedures, e.g., tracheostomy and cricothyrotomies etc. But prolonged intubation may result in numerous complications, most notorious being tracheoesophageal fistula and narrowing of subglottic area. We report a profile of a patient who had been diagnosed as case of Guillian-Barre Syndrome, had difficulty in breathing due to paralysis of respiratory muscles...
December 2015: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26409804/guillian-barre-syndrome-as-the-initial-presentation-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#9
REVIEW
Quaid Nadri, Mohammed Mahdi Althaf
A number of neurological entities have been associated with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Gullian-Barre syndrome (GBS) as a presenting feature of SLE remains uncommon with just 9 cases reported in the last half-century with the first case reported in 19641-9 (Table 1). We report a young female presenting with GBS in whom SLE and WHO class V lupus nephritis (LN) was subsequently diagnosed. The neurological symptoms partially responded to pulse methylprednisone, intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) and plasmapheresis...
May 2015: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26198918/the-frequencies-of-killer-immunoglobulin-like-receptors-and-their-hla-ligands-in-chronic-inflammatory-demyelinating-polyradiculoneuropathy-are-similar-to-those-in-guillian-barre-syndrome-but-differ-from-those-of-controls-suggesting-a-role-for-nk-cells-in-pathogenesis
#10
MULTICENTER STUDY
Stefan Blum, Peter Csurhes, Pamela McCombe
Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) is an acquired inflammatory neuropathy, which has similar clinical and pathological features to Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS), but differs in time course. We investigated the frequency of genes encoding Killer immunoglobulin-like receptors and their HLA ligands in subjects with CIDP, in subjects with GBS and in healthy controls. There were no differences in KIR gene frequency among the 3 groups. The gene frequencies for HLA-B Bw4-I were significantly greater in CIDP than HC, but did not differ from GBS...
August 15, 2015: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26015925/acute-flaccid-paralysis-surveillance-a-6-years-study-isfahan-iran
#11
Alireza Emami Naeini, Mohamadreza Ghazavi, Sharareh Moghim, Amirhosein Sabaghi, Reza Fadaei
BACKGROUND: Poliomyelitis is still an endemic disease in many areas of the world including Africa and South Asia. Iran is polio free since 2001. However, due to endemicity of polio in neighboring countries of Iran, the risk of polio importation and re-emergence of wild polio virus is high. Case definition through surveillance system is a well-defined method for maintenance of polio eradication in polio free countries. METHODS: In a cross-sectional survey from 2007 to 2013, we reviewed all the records of under 15 years old patients reported to Acute Flaccid Paralysis Committee (AFPC) in Isfahan province, Iran...
2015: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25528252/treatment-decisions-in-a-man-with-hodgkin-lymphoma-and-guillian-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-a-case-report
#12
Caren L Hughes, Jeffrey T Yorio, Craig Kovitz, Yasuhiro Oki
INTRODUCTION: Guillain-Barre syndrome, or acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy, has been described in the presence of malignancies such as lymphoma. Guillain-Barre syndrome/acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy causes paresthesias and weakness, which can make the treatment of lymphoma with chemotherapy challenging. Given the rarity of this co-presentation it is not known if the effects of Guillain-Barre syndrome should be considered when selecting a treatment regimen for Hodgkin lymphoma...
2014: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25515056/comparison-on-therapeutic-effect-of-plasma-exchange-and-intravenous-immunoglobulin-for-guillian-barre-syndrome
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Y Ye, S-L Li, Y-J Li
OBJECTIVES: To observe and compare the clinical curative effect of the plasma exchange (PE) and intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) for Guillian-Barre Syndrome (GBS). METHODS: Overall, 64 adult patients with GBS for PE and IVIg treatment, respectively, and nerve function were observed pre-treatment and at 1 week/2 weeks after completion of treatment; the blood immunoglobulin, complement, fibrinogen (Fib) and monocyte percentage (MON%) were detected simultaneously...
April 2015: Transfusion Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25316360/-intensive-therapy-for-patients-with-guillian-barr%C3%A3-syndrome
#14
Lone Buus, Else K Tønnesen
Guillain-Barré syndrome is the leading cause of acute flaccid paralysis in the industrialized world. Approximately 25% of the patients suffering from Guillain-Barré syndrome develop respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation and intensive therapy. We seek answers to when it is optimal to start respiratory supportive therapy and review various complications associated with Guillain-Barré syndrome.
October 13, 2014: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24949679/major-harvey-cushing-s-difficulties-with-the-british-and-american-armies-during-world-war-i
#15
Michael E Carey
This historical review explores Harvey Cushing's difficulties with both the British and American armies during his World War I service to definitively examine the rumor of his possible court martial. It also provides a further understanding of Cushing the man. While in France during World War I, Cushing was initially assigned to British hospital units. This service began in May 1917 and ended abruptly in May 1918 when the British cashiered him for repeated censorship violations. Returning to American command, he feared court martial...
August 2014: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24761505/facial-diplegia-a-clinical-dilemma
#16
Debaprasad Chakrabarti, Mukut Roy, Amrit K Bhattacharyya
Bilateral facial paralysis is a rare clinical entity and presents as a diagnostic challenge. Unlike its unilateral counterpart facial diplegia is seldom secondary to Bell's palsy. Occurring at a frequency of 0.3% to 2% of all facial palsies it often indicates ominous medical conditions. Guillian-Barre syndrome needs to be considered as a differential in all given cases of facial diplegia where timely treatment would be rewarding. Here a case of bilateral facial palsy due to Guillian-Barre syndrome with atypical presentation is reported...
June 2013: Journal of the Indian Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24250180/twelfth-cranial-nerve-involvement-in-guillian-barre-syndrome
#17
Subrat Kumar Nanda, Sita Jayalakshmi, Devashish Ruikar, Mohandas Surath
Guillian Barre Syndrome (GBS) is associated with cranial nerve involvement. Commonest cranial nerves involved were the facial and bulbar (IXth and Xth). Involvement of twelfth cranial nerve is rare in GBS. We present a case of GBS in a thirteen years old boy who developed severe tongue weakness and wasting at two weeks after the onset of GBS. The wasting and weakness of tongue improved at three months of follow up. Brief review of the literature about XIIth cranial nerve involvement in GBS is discussed.
July 2013: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23383546/-involvement-of-the-peripheral-nervous-system-in-systemic-connective-tissue-diseases-report-on-clinical-cases
#18
Hanna Kujawska-Danecka, Anna Masiak, Zaneta Smoleńska, Zbigniew Zdrojewski
INTRODUCTION: The peripheral nervous system is usually involved in the majority of systemic connective tissue diseases, particularly in systemic lupus erythematosus, Sjögren's syndrome, vasculitis and systemic sclerosis. The pathogenesis of lesions in the peripheral nervous system associated with the autoimmune process is complex and it appears that two mechanisms, immunological and ischemic, are of greatest importance. Structures of the nervous system may be damaged by several autoantibodies (e...
2011: Annales Academiae Medicae Stetinensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23271861/the-neuropsychiatric-aspects-of-influenza-swine-flu-a-selective-review
#19
Narayana Manjunatha, Suresh Bada Math, Girish Baburao Kulkarni, Santosh Kumar Chaturvedi
The world witnessed the influenza virus during the seasonal epidemics and pandemics. The current strain of H1N1 (swine flu) pandemic is believed to be the legacy of the influenza pandemic (1918-19). The influenza virus has been implicated in many neuropsychiatric disorders. In view of the recent pandemic, it would be interesting to review the neuropsychiatric aspects of influenza, specifically swine flu. Author used popular search engine 'PUBMED' to search for published articles with different MeSH terms using Boolean operator (AND)...
July 2011: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23146298/a-community-based-epidemiological-study-of-peripheral-neuropathies-in-assiut-egypt
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Mahmoud R Kandil, Esam S Darwish, Eman M Khedr, Mahmoud M Sabry, Mohamed A Abdulah
BACKGROUND: There is very little published information about the prevalence, patterns, and predictors of peripheral neuropathies. The current study is a community-based survey was conducted in the Assiut Governorate to estimate their prevalence and clinical profile. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A door-to-door study was carried out on 42,223 persons from rural and urban communities in the Assiut Governorate, Egypt. There were 13,288 (31.5%) subjects from the urban and 28,935 (68·5%) from the rural area...
December 2012: Neurological Research
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