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Tunneled dialysis catheter

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130991/pre-end-stage-renal-disease-hemoglobin-variability-predicts-post-end-stage-renal-disease-mortality-in-patients-transitioning-to-dialysis
#1
Keiichi Sumida, Charles Dyer Diskin, Miklos Z Molnar, Praveen K Potukuchi, Fridtjof Thomas, Jun Ling Lu, Connie M Rhee, Elani Streja, Kunihiro Yamagata, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, Csaba P Kovesdy
BACKGROUND: Hemoglobin variability (Hb-var) has been associated with increased mortality both in non-dialysis dependent chronic kidney disease (NDD-CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. However, the impact of Hb-var in advanced NDD-CKD on outcomes after dialysis initiation remains unknown. METHODS: Among 11,872 US veterans with advanced NDD-CKD transitioning to dialysis between October 2007 through September 2011, we assessed Hb-var calculated from the residual SD of at least 3 Hb values during the last 6 months before dialysis initiation (prelude period) using within-subject linear regression models, and stratified into quartiles...
November 7, 2017: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106711/interventions-for-treating-central-venous-haemodialysis-catheter-malfunction
#2
REVIEW
Alice L Kennard, Giles D Walters, Simon H Jiang, Girish S Talaulikar
BACKGROUND: Adequate haemodialysis (HD) in people with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) is reliant upon establishment of vascular access, which may consist of arteriovenous fistula, arteriovenous graft, or central venous catheters (CVC). Although discouraged due to high rates of infectious and thrombotic complications as well as technical issues that limit their life span, CVC have the significant advantage of being immediately usable and are the only means of vascular access in a significant number of patients...
October 26, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106676/safety-and-efficacy-of-taurolidine-urokinase-versus-taurolidine-heparin-as-a-tunneled-catheter-lock-solution-in-hemodialysis-patients-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-study
#3
Fadwa Al-Ali, Ahmad F Hamdy, Abdullah Hamad, Mohamed Elsayed, Zafar Zafar Iqbal, Aisha Elsayed, Rania Ibrahim, Hoda Tolba, Hisham Buanan, Ashraf Fawzy
Background: Taurolidine citrate with heparin (Taurolock/Hep) is a promising central venous catheter lock solution. Despite its universal use among our hemodialysis patients, the prevalence of catheter malfunction was high. We aimed to compare Taurolock/Hep and taurolidine citrate with urokinase (Taurolock/U) as a catheter lock solution in order to identify whether either solution could reduce catheter-related dysfunction. Methods: In this prospective, randomized, controlled trial, patients were randomized to receive either Taurolock/Hep or Taurolock/U and were followed for 6 months...
July 4, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017700/switching-temporary-hemodialysis-catheters-to-long-term-catheters-exchange-versus-de-novo-placement-any-difference-in-line-infection-%C3%A2
#4
Maen Aboul Hosn, Zeina Nasser, Elias Elias, Walid Medawar, Majida Daouk, Jamal Hoballah, Fady Haddad
BACKGROUND: Shifting from a short-term catheter to a long-term one is done either by removing the old catheter and placing a new long-term one via fresh new puncture site, or by replacing the old catheter with a long-term one over a guidewire. AIM: We aimed to describe our technique in changing a temporary line to a long-term catheter (LTC) over a guidewire and to determine the incidence of line-related infections following this procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective pilot study was conducted between 2005 and 2010 at the American University of Beirut Hospital...
November 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930719/vascular-access-placement-order-and-outcomes-in-hemodialysis-patients-a-longitudinal-study
#5
Mariana Murea, W Mark Brown, Jasmin Divers, Shahriar Moossavi, Todd W Robinson, Benjamin Bagwell, John M Burkart, Barry I Freedman
BACKGROUND: Arteriovenous accesses (AVA) in patients performing hemodialysis (HD) are labeled "permanent" for AV fistulas (AVF) or grafts (AVG) and "temporary" for tunneled central venous catheters (TCVC). Durability and outcomes of permanent vascular accesses based on the sequence in which they were placed or used receives little attention. This study analyzed longitudinal transitions between TCVC-based and AVA-based HD outcomes according to the order of placement. METHODS: All 391 patients initiating chronic HD via a TCVC between 2012 and 2013 at 12 outpatient academic dialysis units were included in this study...
2017: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917008/peritoneal-dialysis-catheter-function-and-survival-are-not-adversely-affected-by-obesity-regardless-of-the-operative-technique-used
#6
Monika A Krezalek, Nicolas Bonamici, Kristine Kuchta, Brittany Lapin, JoAnn Carbray, Woody Denham, John Linn, Michael Ujiki, Stephen P Haggerty
BACKGROUND: Obesity has been considered a relative contraindication to peritoneal dialysis (PD). Surprisingly, PD catheter dysfunction rates and longevity have not been studied in the growing obese ESRD population. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of patient weight on PD catheter survival in the three insertion technique categories of advanced laparoscopy (AL), basic laparoscopy (BL), and open. METHODS: We examine retrospectively collected data on 231 consecutive PD catheter insertions at the NorthShore University HealthSystem between 2004 and 2014...
September 15, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899228/intraoperative-venoplasty-to-facilitate-placement-of-tunneled-catheters-for-hemodialysis
#7
Afsha Aurshina, Anil Hingorani, Natalie Marks, Enrico Ascher
Objective With the implementation of the K-DOQI guidelines, more patients are in need of long-term dialysis catheters until maturation of the arteriovenous fistula. However, on occasion, when placing a tunneled cuffed catheter for hemodialysis, we have encountered difficulty with passing the guidewire in spite of demonstration of a patent cervical portion of the internal jugular vein on duplex. Herein, we review our experience with intraoperative venoplasty for placement of Tesio™ catheters (Medcomp Harleysville, PA)...
January 1, 2017: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890326/taurolidine-based-catheter-lock-regimen-significantly-reduces-overall-costs-infection-and-dysfunction-rates-of-tunneled-hemodialysis-catheters
#8
Wolfgang Winnicki, Harald Herkner, Matthias Lorenz, Ammon Handisurya, Željko Kikić, Bernhard Bielesz, Benjamin Schairer, Thomas Reiter, Farsad Eskandary, Gere Sunder-Plassmann, Guerkan Sengoelge
Catheter-related infections and dysfunction are the main catheter complications causing morbidity and mortality in hemodialysis patients. However, there are no consistent data for the choice of catheter lock solutions for tunneled hemodialysis lines. In this prospective, multicenter, randomized, controlled trial, two lock regimens using three commercial catheter lock solutions were compared in 106 hemodialysis patients with a newly inserted tunneled central catheter. In the taurolidine group, TauroLock™-Hep500 was used twice per week and TauroLock™-U25,000 once a week...
September 7, 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862725/longitudinal-dialysis-adequacy-and-clinical-performance-of-the-vectorflow-hemodialysis-catheter-a-prospective-study
#9
John R Ross, Tatiana A Puga, Thomas E Philbeck
PURPOSE: To report clinical performance and longitudinal assessment of hemodialysis adequacy with the Arrow-Clark VectorFlow catheter, a symmetrical-tip device with a distal lumen configuration designed to reduce platelet shear stress and catheter thrombosis. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We prospectively enrolled patients who required de novo placement of a chronic tunneled catheter for hemodialysis or exchange of a dysfunctional catheter as part of an Institutional Review Board (IRB)-approved protocol...
August 26, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822665/the-associations-of-hemodialysis-access-type-and-access-satisfaction-with-health-related-quality-of-life
#10
Natalie Domenick Sridharan, Larry Fish, Lan Yu, Steven Weisbord, Manisha Jhamb, Michel S Makaroun, Theodore H Yuo
OBJECTIVE: In addition to age and comorbidities, health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is known to predict mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Understanding the association of vascular access type with HRQOL can help surgeons to provide patient-centered dialysis access recommendations. We sought to understand the impact of HD access type on HRQOL. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional prospective study of community-dwelling prevalent HD patients in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794295/foreign-body-reaction-to-dialysis-chatheter-and-peritoneal-fluid-eosinophilia-in-a-child-on-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis
#11
Nuran Cetin, Nadide Melike Sav, Evrim Ciftci, Bilal Yildiz
Foreign body reaction is a tissue response against implanted materials. We described for the first time the eosinophilic peritonitis and foreign body giant cell reaction to dialysis catheter in a nonatopic child on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. We found tenderness, redness, and swelling without purulent discharge around the peritoneal catheter; increased eosinophil count in cloudy dialysis fluid; and blood and hyperechoic granulomatous formation appearance surrounding the peritoneal catheter on ultrasonography and foreign body giant cell reaction to dialysis catheter in pathologic examination of granulomatous lesionin in our patient...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777407/management-of-hypertension-in-patients-during-percutaneous-dialysis-access-interventions
#12
Bhavika V Gandhi, Tejas B Patel, Eric J Costanzo, Avais Masud, Sushil Mehandru, Loay Salman
Not infrequently, interventionalists are faced with a patient with increased blood pressure who is about to undergo a dialysis access intervention such as tunneled hemodialysis catheter, percutaneous balloon angioplasty, or declotting procedure for a clotted arteriovenous access. This can frequently create a dilemma as functional dialysis access is needed to provide dialysis therapy and delaying treatment could result in a life-threatening situation, particularly in the presence of hyperkalemia. This article investigates hypertension in patients undergoing percutaneous dialysis access interventions and provides guidance to their management...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743653/a-review-of-arterio-venous-fistulae-creation-in-octogenarians
#13
Jennifer Clarissa Diandra, Zhiwen Joseph Lo, Wei-Wen Ang, Jue Fei Feng, Sriram Narayanan, Glenn Wei Leong Tan, Sadhana Chandrasekar
BACKGROUND: To analyse the outcomes of arterio-venous fistulae (AVF) creation in Octogenarians. METHODS: Retrospective study of 47 AVFs created in patients aged 80 years and above from 2008 to 2014. Patient and AVF characteristics and outcomes were evaluated. Predictors of patency were analysed with multivariate analysis and Kaplan-Meier patency and survival analysis was performed. RESULTS: 47 of 1,259 AVFs created were for Octogenarians (4%)...
July 22, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676515/peritoneal-dialysis-catheters-to-treat-refractory-non-malignant-ascites
#14
Jay Hingwala, Reid Whitlock, Sara Dunsmore, Sean Armstrong, Navdeep Tangri, Paul Komenda
Refractory non-malignant ascites is associated with significant morbidity. Serial, large-volume paracentesis is a common treatment. Tunneled peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheters are an effective treatment for refractory malignant ascites, but there are limited data on complications and effectiveness for non-malignant ascites. We reviewed all 13 PD catheter insertions between 2010 - 2015 for this indication at our center. The median catheter survival time was 146 days. No complications occurred during catheter insertion, and no mechanical complications occurred after catheter insertion...
July 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668967/anatomy-revisited-hemodialysis-catheter-malposition-in-the-left-ascending-lumbar-vein
#15
Stefan Büttner, Sammy Patyna, Sarah Rudolf, Despina Avaniadi, Moritz Kaup, Helmut Geiger, Christoph Betz
In selected cases, cuffed tunneled catheters via the iliac vein are implanted as a last resort access for hemodialysis. To monitor the correct position, sonography of the inferior vena cava (IVC) is sufficient in most cases. Position control using an X-ray of the abdomen is not routinely recommended when femoral catheters are implanted. In this report, we describe the case of a 59-year-old patient on chronic hemodialysis due to granulomatosis with polyangiitis and complex shunt history with multiple shunt occlusions and revisions...
2017: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665465/outcomes-of-a-nephrologist-driven-tunnelled-dialysis-catheter-insertion-service-in-south-east-asia
#16
Milind Nikam, Claude J Renaud, Joshua Shaowen Lee, Sri Fairuz B Saifful, Allen Yan Lun Liu, Eng Kuang Lim, Ying Ying Seow, Lee Ying Yeoh
INTRODUCTION: Tunnelled dialysis catheters (TDCs) are being increasingly inserted by nephrologists globally but there is limited experience and paucity of published outcomes data from South-East Asia (SEA). This study was conducted to analyse the outcomes of TDC insertion by nephrologists from a single centre in SEA. METHODS: All patients who underwent TDC insertion by nephrologists from October 2013 to June 2016 were included. TDC survival was calculated using Kaplan-Meier survival method...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638613/cuff-extrusion-in-peritoneal-dialysis-single-centre-experience-with-the-cuff-shaving-procedure-in-five-patients-over-a-4-year-period
#17
Jedrzej A Debowski, Cora Wærp, Stig A Kjellevold, Sadollah Abedini
Catheter-related infections in peritoneal dialysis (PD) remain a significant complication, and some patients with recurrent exit-site (ESI) and/or tunnel infections may experience external cuff extrusion. In these cases, cuff-shaving has been described as a possible course of treatment. During a 4-year period, there were 44 patients with PD at our department; all received double-cuffed Tenckhoff catheters. Six (13%) never started on PD. Five (13%) of the 38 active PD patients experienced cuff extrusion. Causes of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) were diabetic nephropathy (n = 1), toxic nephropathy (n = 1), hypertensive nephrosclerosis (n = 1), systemic disease (n = 1) and one with unknown cause...
February 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623638/urokinase-containing-locking-solution-in-the-prevention-of-dialysis-catheter-dysfunction-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Florence Bonkain, Freya Van Hulle, Peter Janssens, Concetta Catalano, Mandelina Allamani, Jean-Claude Stolear, Dominique Vandervelde, Mark Libertalis, Serge Treille, Marie M Couttenye, Annemie Dhondt, Wim Van Biesen, Jean François Fils, Christian Tielemans, Karl M Wissing
INTRODUCTION: The prophylactic use of recombinant tissue plasminogen activator once weekly reduces the incidence rate of tunneled cuffed catheter (TCC) malfunction and bacteremia as compared to the exclusive use of heparin as locking solution. Restricting the use of prophylactic thrombolytic agents to patients with a history of thrombotic TCC malfunction could be more cost effective. We conduct a multicenter, double-blind, randomized controlled trial and test the hypothesis that weekly use of urokinase lock will reduce the incidence of thrombotic malfunction by 50% in prevalent hemodialysis patients with a history of thrombotic malfunction...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514785/effect-of-age-on-the-association-of-vascular-access-type-with-mortality-in-a-cohort-of-incident-end-stage-renal-disease-patients
#19
Tarek Saleh, Keiichi Sumida, Miklos Z Molnar, Praveen K Potukuchi, Fridtjof Thomas, Jun Ling Lu, Geeta G Gyamlani, Elani Streja, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, Csaba P Kovesdy
BACKGROUND/AIMS: All hemodialysis (HD) patients are generally recommended to create a fistula first; but to create a mature arteriovenous fistula (AVF) can be challenging in elderly individuals. It is unclear if elderly incident HD patients derive a survival benefit from an AVF over an arteriovenous graft (AVG) or a tunneled central venous catheter (TDC). METHODS: We examined the association of vascular access type (AVF, AVG, and TDC with and without a maturing AVF/AVG at dialysis transition) at HD initiation with all-cause, cardiovascular (CV), and infection-related mortality in 46,786 US veterans using Cox models with adjustment for confounders...
2017: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480823/clinical-course-of-hemodialysis-access-after-initial-endovascular-intervention-for-stenosis-in-asian-renal-failure-patients
#20
Dewahar Senthoor, Kyi Zin Thant, Tze-Kiat Ng, Pei Ho
BACKGROUND: Arteriovenous fistula (AVF) and arteriovenous fistula graft (AVG) access for hemodialysis can develop stenosis, eventually leading to thrombosis and access failure. Prompt endovascular intervention can salvage the access but restenosis does occur. Clinical course, restenosis pattern, and risk factors associated with initial stenosis of AVFs/AVGs in Asian hemodialysis patients were studied. METHOD: A retrospective study was conducted (January 2009-June 2012) on consecutive patients with renal failure who developed the first-time stenosis in the vascular access and were managed with endovascular intervention...
August 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
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