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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920192/results-of-an-international-phosphorus-digestibility-ring-test-with-broiler-chickens
#1
M Rodehutscord, O Adeola, R Angel, P Bikker, E Delezie, W A Dozier, M Umar Faruk, M Francesch, C Kwakernaak, A Narcy, C M Nyachoti, O A Olukosi, A Preynat, B Renouf, A Saiz Del Barrio, K Schedle, W Siegert, S Steenfeldt, M M van Krimpen, S M Waititu, M Witzig
The objective of this ring test was to investigate the prececal phosphorus (P) digestibility of soybean meal (SBM) in broiler chickens using the trial protocol proposed by the World's Poultry Science Association. It was hypothesized that prececal P digestibility of SBM determined in the collaborating stations is similar. Three diets with different inclusion levels of SBM were mixed in a feed mill specialized in experimental diets and transported to 17 collaborating stations. Broiler chicks were raised on commercial starter diets according to station-specific management routine...
December 5, 2016: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919853/endoscopic-bilateral-stent-in-stent-placement-for-malignant-hilar-obstruction-using-a-large-cell-type-stent
#2
Jin Myung Park, Sang Hyub Lee, Kwang Hyun Chung, Dong Kee Jang, Ji Kon Ryu, Yong-Tae Kim, Jae Min Lee, Woo Hyun Paik
BACKGROUND: Bilateral stent-in-stent (SIS) self-expandable metal stent placement is technically challenging for palliation of unresectable malignant hilar obstruction. In the SIS technique, the uniform large cell type biliary stent facilitates contralateral stent deployment through the mesh of the first metallic stent. This study aimed to assess the technical success and clinical effectiveness of this technique with a uniform large cell type biliary stent. METHODS: Thirty-one patients who underwent bilateral SIS placement using a large cell type stent were reviewed retrospectively...
December 2016: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919515/sexual-dimorphism-of-the-tibia-in-contemporary-greek-cypriots-and-cretans-forensic-applications
#3
E K Kranioti, J G García-Donas, P S Almeida Prado, X P Kyriakou, H C Langstaff
Sex estimation is an essential step in the identification process of unknown heavily decomposed human remains as it eliminates all possible matches of the opposite sex from the missing person's database. Osteometric methods constitute a reliable approach for sex estimation and considering the variation of sexual dimorphism between and within populations; standards for specific populations are required to ensure accurate results. The current study aspires to contribute osteometric data on the tibia from contemporary Greek-Cypriots to assist the identification process...
November 16, 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919426/diagnostic-accuracy-of-treadmill-exercise-tests-among-chinese-women-with-coronary-artery-diseases-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Yi Sun, Wei Li, Lu Yin, Limei Wei, Yang Wang
BACKGROUND: The treadmill exercise test (TET) is one of the most common noninvasive diagnosis approaches for ischemic heart diseases, but potential reduction of TET accuracy among Chinese female patients was ignored by most studies, especially in perimenopause women. Hence, we aim to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis evaluating the TET diagnostic accuracy for Chinese women compared with coronary angiography (CAG). METHODS: PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, CNKI and WANFANG (1990 to 2015) were performed to identify studies assessing the diagnostic accuracy of TET versus CAG...
November 9, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919170/validation-of-the-fitbit-one-garmin-vivofit-and-jawbone-up-activity-tracker-in-estimation-of-energy-expenditure-during-treadmill-walking-and-running
#5
Kym Price, Stephen R Bird, Noel Lythgo, Isaac S Raj, Jason Y L Wong, Chris Lynch
OBJECTIVES: To determine the validity of energy expenditure estimation made by the Fitbit One, Garmin Vivofit and Jawbone UP activity trackers during treadmill walking and running. Determining validity of such trackers will inform the interpretation of the data they generate. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHOD: Fourteen adults walked at 0.70, 1.25, 1.80 ms(-1) and ran at 2.22, 2.78, 3.33 ms(-1) on a treadmill wearing a Fitbit One, Garmin Vivofit and Jawbone UP...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Medical Engineering & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919146/-cancer-mortality-of-residents-near-a-steel-factory-in-udine-friuli-venezia-giulia-region-northern-italy
#6
Luigi Castriotta, Anica Casetta, Fabio Barbone
OBJECTIVES: to evaluate the association between distance of residence from a steel factory, a point source of air pollution within an industrial area in Udine (Friuli Venezia Giulia Region, Northern Italy), and cancer mortality. DESIGN: retrospective study. To evaluate the association between mortality rates and distance from the source, a Stone test analysis for all cases occurred in the entire area was conducted. The significance level was determined using Monte Carlo simulations...
November 2016: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918661/how-does-a-short-interrupted-recovery-break-affect-performance-and-how-is-it-assessed-a-study-on-acute-effects
#7
Maximilian Pelka, Alexander Ferrauti, Tim Meyer, Mark Pfeiffer, Michael Kellmann
A recovery process with optimal prerequisites, which is interrupted, is termed disrupted recovery. Whether this process has an influence on performance-related factors needs to be investigated. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine how a short disturbance of a recovery phase is assessed and whether subsequent repeated sprint performance is affected by it. A quasi-experimental 2x2-factors cross-over design with 34 sport science undergraduate students (age 20.3 ± 2.1) was applied. Factors were the type of intervention (power nap vs...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918616/nitric-oxide-donors-for-cervical-ripening-and-induction-of-labour
#8
REVIEW
Arpita Ghosh, Katherine R Lattey, Anthony J Kelly
BACKGROUND: Sometimes it is necessary to bring on labour artificially because of safety concerns for the mother or baby. This review is one of a series of reviews of methods of labour induction using a standardised protocol. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of NO donors (isosorbide mononitrate (ISMN), isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN), nitroglycerin and sodium nitroprusside) for third trimester cervical ripening or induction of labour, in comparison with placebo or no treatment or other treatments from a predefined hierarchy...
December 5, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917827/the-n14-anti-afamin-antibody-fab-a-rare-vl1-cdr-glycosylation-crystallographic-re-sequencing-molecular-plasticity-and-conservative-versus-enthusiastic-modelling
#9
Andreas Naschberger, Barbara G Fürnrohr, Tihana Lenac Rovis, Suzana Malic, Klaus Scheffzek, Hans Dieplinger, Bernhard Rupp
The monoclonal antibody N14 is used as a detection antibody in ELISA kits for the human glycoprotein afamin, a member of the albumin family, which has recently gained interest in the capture and stabilization of Wnt signalling proteins, and for its role in metabolic syndrome and papillary thyroid carcinoma. As a rare occurrence, the N14 Fab is N-glycosylated at Asn26L at the onset of the VL1 antigen-binding loop, with the α-1-6 core fucosylated complex glycan facing out of the L1 complementarity-determining region...
December 1, 2016: Acta Crystallographica. Section D, Structural Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917572/mannitol-challenge-testing-for-asthma-in-a-community-cohort-of-young-adults
#10
Elisha C White, Nicholas de Klerk, Zoltan Hantos, Monique Priston, Elysia M Hollams, Alan James, Peter D Sly, Patrick G Holt, Graham L Hall
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Mannitol challenge testing is an established tool for clinical asthma diagnosis, and can be performed outside of specialized respiratory laboratories. Despite applicability in both clinical and non-clinical populations, with different pre-test asthma probabilities, differences in diagnostic properties have not been well explored. This study aimed to quantify the diagnostic utility of mannitol challenge testing for asthma in a community cohort and a symptomatic wheezing subset of this cohort...
December 5, 2016: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916730/stimulus-exposure-duration-alters-implicit-processing-of-neutral-and-emotional-faces
#11
Jane E Kouptsova, Rachel C Leung, Margot J Taylor
Stimulus exposure duration in emotion perception research is often chosen pragmatically; however, little work exists on the consequences of stimulus duration for the processing of emotional faces. We utilized the spatiotemporal resolution capabilities of magnetoencephalography (MEG) to characterize early implicit processing of emotional and neutral faces in response to stimuli presented for 80 and 150 milliseconds. We found that the insula was recruited to a greater degree within the short (80ms) condition for all face categories, and this effect was more pronounced for emotional compared to neutral faces...
December 1, 2016: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915123/in-vitro-assessment-of-deferoxamine-on-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-from-tumor-and-bone-marrow
#12
Guoping Wang, Guobo Shen, Tao Yin
Deferoxamine (DFO), an iron chelator, is commonly used to remove excess iron from the body. DFO has also been demonstrated to have anti-tumor effect. However, there is no available report on the effect of deferoxamine on mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs). In this study, we first isolated tumor-associated MSCs (TAMSCs) from EG-7 tumors, which were positive for CD29, CD44, CD73, CD90 and CD105. Ex vivo cultured stem cells derived from tumor and bone marrow compartment were exposed to DFO. We demonstrated that DFO had growth-arresting and apoptosis-inducing effect on TAMSCs and bone marrow MSCs (BMMSCs)...
November 23, 2016: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914539/the-effects-of-alpha-cypermethrin-exposure-on-biochemical-and-redox-parameters-in-pregnant-rats-and-their-newborns
#13
Leila Hocine, Hafida Merzouk, Sid Ahmed Merzouk, Hafeda Ghorzi, Meriem Youbi, Michel Narce
Pyrethroid insecticides are extensively used in agriculture and in household activities. During pregnancy, they might affect maternal metabolic status and there after fetal development. In this work, we studied metabolic and redox effects of low dose alpha-cypermethrin exposure in pregnant rats and their offspring. The diet containing alpha cypermethrin at 0.02mg/kg/day was consumed during the entire gestation. Plasma biochemical parameters as well as liver lipid and oxidative stress markers were determined...
November 2016: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914227/removal-of-supernumerary-teeth-utilizing-a-computer-aided-design-computer-aided-manufacturing-surgical-guide
#14
Chanwoo Jo, Doohwan Bae, Byungho Choi, Jihun Kim
Supernumerary teeth need to be removed because they can cause various complications. Caution is needed because their removal can cause damage to permanent teeth or tooth germs in the local vicinity. Surgical guides have recently been used in maxillofacial surgery. Because surgical guides are designed through preoperative analysis by computer-aided design software and fabricated using a 3-dimensional printer applying computer-aided manufacturing technology, they increase the accuracy and predictability of surgery...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914190/culturally-competent-patient-provider-communication-in-the-management-of-cancer-an-integrative-literature-review
#15
REVIEW
Ottilia Brown, Wilma Ten Ham-Baloyi, Dalena Rm van Rooyen, Colleen Aldous, Leonard Charles Marais
BACKGROUND: Managing cancer in a multicultural environment poses several challenges, which include the communication between the patient and the healthcare provider. Culture is an important consideration in clinical care as it contributes to shaping patients' health-related values, beliefs, and behaviours. This integrative literature review gathered evidence on how culturally competent patient-provider communication should be delivered to patients diagnosed with cancer. DESIGN: Whittemore and Knafl's approach to conducting an integrative literature review was used...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913917/network-meta-analysis-an-introduction-for-clinicians
#16
Benjamin Rouse, Anna Chaimani, Tianjing Li
Network meta-analysis is a technique for comparing multiple treatments simultaneously in a single analysis by combining direct and indirect evidence within a network of randomized controlled trials. Network meta-analysis may assist assessing the comparative effectiveness of different treatments regularly used in clinical practice and, therefore, has become attractive among clinicians. However, if proper caution is not taken in conducting and interpreting network meta-analysis, inferences might be biased. The aim of this paper is to illustrate the process of network meta-analysis with the aid of a working example on first-line medical treatment for primary open-angle glaucoma...
December 2, 2016: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913837/hospitalizations-due-to-preventable-adverse-reactions-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Nidhi S Patel, Tejas K Patel, Parvati B Patel, Viren N Naik, C B Tripathi
PURPOSE: The study aimed to measure the percentage of preventable adverse drug reactions that lead to the hospitalization (PADRAd) and to explore the heterogeneity in its estimation through subgroup analysis of study characteristics. METHODS: Two investigators independently searched in electronic databases and related bibliography for prospective studies involving PADRAd. We excluded studies investigating medication errors and spontaneous and retrospective reporting...
December 2, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913051/erg-expression-in-multiple-myeloma-a-potential-diagnostic-pitfall
#18
Juliana Knief, Katharina Reddemann, Jan Gliemroth, Swantje Brede, Tobias Bartscht, Christoph Thorns
INTRODUCTION: ERG expression has been described as a frequent event in prostate cancer indicating poor prognosis and promoting oncogenesis. It has also been demonstrated in Ewing's sarcoma, acute myeloid leukemia and acute T-lymphoblastic leukemia but could not be found in other epithelial tumors, Hodgkin's or Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. We aimed to analyze ERG expression in multiple myeloma, following an index case of a patient with metastases of unknown origin in the spine strongly expressing ERG, which were thought to be of prostatic origin but turned out to be plasmacytic lesions...
November 3, 2016: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912964/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-herbal-formula-buzhong-yiqi-tang-for-stable-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#19
REVIEW
Yuanbin Chen, Johannah Linda Shergis, Lei Wu, Xuhua Yu, Qigang Zeng, Yinji Xu, Xinfeng Guo, Anthony Lin Zhang, Charlie Changli Xue, Lin Lin
OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of Buzhong Yiqi Tang (BZYQT) for stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: Three electronic English databases (PubMed, EMBASE and CENTRAL) and four Chinese databases (CBM, CNKI, CQVIP and WFMO) were searched from their inceptions until 30th June 2016. Participants were diagnosed with COPD according to the Chinese Medical Association's COPD diagnosis and treatment guidelines or Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD), and were in stable stage...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912961/the-effect-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-on-hemorrhagic-shock-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Da-Long Wang, Xiao-Guang Lu, Wen-Xiu Guo, Tuo Chen, Yi Song, Zhi-Wei Fan
BACKGROUND: Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) has been widely used in the treatment of hemorrhagic shock (HS) in China. Many controlled trials have been undertaken to investigate its efficacy. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of CHM for Hemorrhagic Shock patients. METHODS: We screening the Web of ScienceDirect database, PubMed, the Cochrane Library, EMBASE, China Biomedical Database web (CBM), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and WanFang database (WF), from inception to January 2015...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
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