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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713906/chronic-administration-of-sumo%C3%A2-1-has-negative-effects-on-novel-object-recognition-memory-as-well-as-cell-proliferation-and-neuroblast-differentiation-in-the-mouse-dentate-gyrus
#1
Dae Young Yoo, Dae Won Kim, Hyun Jung Kwon, Hyo Young Jung, Sung Min Nam, Jong Whi Kim, Jin Young Chung, Moo-Ho Won, Yeo Sung Yoon, Soo Young Choi, In Koo Hwang
Post‑translational modifications have been associated with developmental and aging processes, as well as in the pathogenesis of certain diseases. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of small ubiquitin‑like modifier 1 (SUMO‑1) on hippocampal dependent memory function, cell proliferation and neuroblast differentiation. To facilitate the delivery of SUMO‑1 into hippocampal neurons, a transactivator of transcription (Tat)‑SUMO‑1 fusion protein was constructed and mice were divided into two groups: A vehicle (Tat peptide)‑treated group and a Tat‑SUMO‑1‑treated group...
July 12, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713891/hypothermia-exerts-early-neuroprotective-effects-involving-protein-conjugation-of-sumo%C3%A2-2-3-in-a-rat-model-of-middle-cerebral-artery-occlusion
#2
Gang Li, Xiaozhi Liu, Zhiguo Su, Dong Zhang
How hypothermia serves an early protective role against cerebral ischemia remains to be determined. The small ubiquitin‑related modifier protein (SUMO) functions as a post‑translational modification system and SUMO‑2/3 subtypes are often activated in early stress. The present study investigated changes in the protein level of SUMO using western blotting and immunocytochemistry when neurons were exposed to oxygen‑glucose deprivation (OGD) in vitro, as well as in a rat model of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in vivo...
July 15, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712389/rescuing-p53-from-mdm2-by-intrinsically-unfolded-sumo-protease-4
#3
Do-Hyoung Kim, Chewook Lee, Bom Kim, Si-Hyung Lee, Kyou-Hoon Han
Many intrinsically unstructured/unfolded proteins (IUPs) contain transient local secondary structures even though they are "unstructured" in a tertiary sense. These local secondary structures are named "pre-structured motifs (PreSMos)" and in fact are the specificity determinants for IUP-target binding, i.e., the active sites in IUPs. Using high-resolution NMR we have delineated a PreSMo active site in the intrinsically unfolded mid-domain (residues 201-300) of SUMO-specific protease 4 (SUSP4). This 29-residue motif which we termed a p53 rescue motif can protect p53 from mdm2 quenching by binding to the p53-helix binding pocket in mdm2(3-109)...
July 17, 2017: BMB Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707656/-regulation-of-heat-shock-gene-expression-in-response-to-stress
#4
D G Garbuz
Heat shock (HS) genes, or stress genes, code for a number of proteins that collectively form the most ancient and universal stress defense system. The system determines the cell capability of adaptation to various adverse factors and performs a variety of auxiliary functions in normal physiological conditions. Common stress factors, such as higher temperatures, hypoxia, heavy metals, and others, suppress transcription and translation for the majority of genes, while HS genes are upregulated. Transcription of HS genes is controlled by transcription factors of the HS factor (HSF) family...
May 2017: Molekuliarnaia Biologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705221/viral-manipulation-of-the-cellular-sumoylation-machinery
#5
REVIEW
Angela J Lowrey, Wyatt Cramblet, Gretchen L Bentz
Viruses exploit various cellular processes for their own benefit, including counteracting anti-viral responses and regulating viral replication and propagation. In the past 20 years, protein sumoylation has emerged as an important post-translational modification that is manipulated by viruses to modulate anti-viral responses, viral replication, and viral pathogenesis. The process of sumoylation is a multi-step cascade where a small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) is covalently attached to a conserved ΨKxD/E motif within a target protein, altering the function of the modified protein...
July 14, 2017: Cell Communication and Signaling: CCS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695742/the-human-regulatory-protein-ki-1-57-is-a-target-of-sumoylation-and-affects-pml-nuclear-body-formation
#6
Ângela Saito, Edmarcia E de Souza, Fernanda C Costa, Gabriela V Meirelles, Kaliandra de Almeida Gonçalves, Marcos T Santos, Gustavo C Bressan, Mark E McComb, Catherine E Costello, Stephen A Whelan, Jörg Kobarg
Ki-1/57 is a nuclear and cytoplasmic regulatory protein first identified in malignant cells from Hodgkin's lymphoma. It is involved in gene expression regulation on both transcriptional and mRNA metabolism levels. Ki-1/57 belongs to the family of intrinsically unstructured proteins, undergoes phosphorylation by PKC and methylation by PRMT1. Previous characterization of its protein interaction profile by yeast two-hybrid screening showed that Ki- 1/57 interacts with proteins of the SUMOylation machinery: the SUMO E2 conjugating enzyme UBC9 and the SUMO E3 ligase PIAS3, which suggested that Ki-1/57 could be involved with this process...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693438/evaluation-of-recombinant-porin-romp2a-protein-as-a-potential-antigen-candidate-for-serodiagnosis-of-human-brucellosis
#7
Prachi Pathak, Ashu Kumar, Duraipandian Thavaselvam
BACKGROUND: Brucellosis is an important zoonotic disease caused by different Brucella species and human brucellosis is commonly prevalent in different states of India. Among various Brucella species, B. melitensis is most pathogenic to human and included as category B biothreat which can cause infection through aerosol, cut, wounds in skin and contact with infected animals. The diagnosis of human brucellosis is very important for proper treatment and management of disease as there is no vaccine available for human use...
July 11, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692047/androgen-induces-g3bp2-and-sumo-mediated-p53-nuclear-export-in-prostate-cancer
#8
D Ashikari, K Takayama, T Tanaka, Y Suzuki, D Obinata, T Fujimura, T Urano, S Takahashi, S Inoue
The androgen receptor (AR) has a central role in prostate cancer progression, particularly treatment-resistance disease including castration-resistant prostate cancer. Loss of the p53 tumor suppressor, a nuclear transcription factor, is also known to contribute to prostate malignancy. Here we report that p53 is translocated to the cytoplasm by androgen-mediated induction of G3BP2, a newly described direct target gene of AR. G3BP2 induces both cell cycle progression and blocks apoptosis. Translocation of p53 is regulated by androgen-dependent sumoylation mediated by the G3BP2-interacting SUMO-E3 ligase, RanBP2...
July 10, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685689/arylurea-derivatives-a-class-of-potential-cancer-targeting-agents
#9
Jia-Nian Chen, De-Wen Wu, Ting Li, Kang-Jian Yang, Li Cheng, Zu-Ping Zhou, Shi-Ming Pu, Wan-Hua Lin
Arylurea derivatives, an important class of small molecules, have received considerable attention in recent years due to their wide range of biological applications. Various molecular targeted agents with arylurea scaffold as potential enzyme/receptor inhibitors were constructed with the successful development of sorafenib and regorafenib. This review focuses on those arylureas possessing anti-cancer activities from 2010 to date. According to their different mechanisms of action, these arylureas are divided into the following six categories: (1) Ras/Raf/MEK/ERK signaling pathway inhibitors; (2) tumor angiogenesis inhibitors, their targets include vascular endothelial growth factor receptors (VEGFRs), fibroblast growth factor receptors (FGFRs), platelet-derived growth factor receptors (PDGFRs), epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFRs), insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF-1R), Fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3), c-Kit, MET, and Smoothened (Smo); (3) PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway inhibitors; (4) cell cycle inhibitors, their targets include checkpoint kinases (Chks), cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs), Aurora, SUMO activating enzyme 1 (SUMO E1), tubulin, and DNA; (5) tumor differentiation, migration, and invasion inhibitors, their targets include matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), LIM kinase (Limk), nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (Nampt), and histone deacetylase (HDAC); (6) arylureas from the rational modification of natural products...
July 7, 2017: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681078/rap80-ubiquitin-and-sumo-in-the-dna-damage-response
#10
REVIEW
Patrick M Lombardi, Michael J Matunis, Cynthia Wolberger
A decade has passed since the first reported connection between RAP80 and BRCA1 in DNA double-strand break repair. Despite the initial identification of RAP80 as a factor localizing BRCA1 to DNA double-strand breaks and potentially promoting homologous recombination, there is increasing evidence that RAP80 instead suppresses homologous recombination to fine-tune the balance of competing DNA repair processes during the S/G2 phase of the cell cycle. RAP80 opposes homologous recombination by inhibiting DNA end-resection and sequestering BRCA1 into the BRCA1-A complex...
August 2017: Journal of Molecular Medicine: Official Organ of the "Gesellschaft Deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte"
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680483/drosophila-cp190-and-dctcf-mediated-enhancer-blocking-is-augmented-by-sumoylation
#11
Theresa Jox, Melanie K Buxa, Dorte Bohla, Ikram Ullah, Igor Mačinković, Alexander Brehm, Marek Bartkuhn, Rainer Renkawitz
BACKGROUND: Chromatin insulators shield promoters and chromatin domains from neighboring enhancers or chromatin regions with opposing activities. Insulator-binding proteins and their cofactors mediate the boundary function. In general, covalent modification of proteins by the small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) is an important mechanism to control the interaction of proteins within complexes. RESULTS: Here we addressed the impact of dSUMO in respect of insulator function, chromatin binding of insulator factors and formation of insulator speckles in Drosophila...
2017: Epigenetics & Chromatin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676099/drosophila-cp190-and-dctcf-mediated-enhancer-blocking-is-augmented-by-sumoylation
#12
Theresa Jox, Melanie K Buxa, Dorte Bohla, Ikram Ullah, Igor Mačinković, Alexander Brehm, Marek Bartkuhn, Rainer Renkawitz
BACKGROUND: Chromatin insulators shield promoters and chromatin domains from neighboring enhancers or chromatin regions with opposing activities. Insulator-binding proteins and their cofactors mediate the boundary function. In general, covalent modification of proteins by the small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) is an important mechanism to control the interaction of proteins within complexes. RESULTS: Here we addressed the impact of dSUMO in respect of insulator function, chromatin binding of insulator factors and formation of insulator speckles in Drosophila...
July 4, 2017: Epigenetics & Chromatin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659940/sumo-dependent-synergism-involving-heat-shock-transcription-factors-with-functions-linked-to-seed-longevity-and-desiccation-tolerance
#13
Raúl Carranco, Pilar Prieto-Dapena, Concepción Almoguera, Juan Jordano
A transcriptional synergism between HaHSFA9 (A9) and HaHSFA4a (A4a) contributes to determining longevity and desiccation tolerance of sunflower (Helianthus annuus, L.) seeds. Potential lysine SUMOylation sites were identified in A9 and A4a and mutated to arginine. We show that A9 is SUMOylated in planta at K38. Although we did not directly detect SUMOylated A4a in planta, we provide indirect evidence from transient expression experiments indicating that A4a is SUMOylated at K172. Different combinations of wild type and SUMOylation site mutants of A9 and A4a were analyzed by transient expression in sunflower embryos and leaves...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659810/expression-localization-of-sumo-1-and-analyses-of-potential-sumoylated-proteins-in-bubalus-bubalis-spermatozoa
#14
Rahim Dad Brohi, Li Wang, Najla Ben Hassine, Jing Cao, Hira Sajjad Talpur, Di Wu, Chun-Jie Huang, Zia-Ur Rehman, Dinesh Bhattarai, Li-Jun Huo
Mature spermatozoa have highly condensed DNA that is essentially silent both transcriptionally and translationally. Therefore, post translational modifications are very important for regulating sperm motility, morphology, and for male fertility in general. Protein sumoylation was recently demonstrated in human and rodent spermatozoa, with potential consequences for sperm motility and DNA integrity. We examined the expression and localization of small ubiquitin-related modifier-1 (SUMO-1) in the sperm of water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) using immunofluorescence analysis...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659381/sumoylation-pathway-alteration-coupled-with-downregulation-of-sumo-e2-enzyme-at-mucosal-epithelium-modulates-inflammation-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#15
Salman Ahmad Mustfa, Mukesh Singh, Aamir Suhail, Gayatree Mohapatra, Smriti Verma, Debangana Chakravorty, Sarika Rana, Ritika Rampal, Atika Dhar, Sudipto Saha, Vineet Ahuja, C V Srikanth
Post-translational modification pathways such as SUMOylation are integral to all cellular processes and tissue homeostasis. We investigated the possible involvement of SUMOylation in the epithelial signalling in Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), the two major forms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Initially in a murine model of IBD, induced by dextran-sulfate-sodium (DSS mice), we observed inflammation accompanied by a lowering of global SUMOylation of colonic epithelium. The observed SUMOylation alteration was due to a decrease in the sole SUMO E2 enzyme (Ubc9)...
June 2017: Open Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656630/deleting-the-first-disulfide-bond-in-a-arenicin-derivative-enhances-its-expression-in-pichia-pastoris
#16
Na Yang, Xiumin Wang, Da Teng, Ruoyu Mao, Ya Hao, Xingjun Feng, Jianhua Wang
The marine antimicrobial peptide NZ17074, a variant of arenicin-3 from Arenicola marina that has broad anti-antimicrobial activity and high bioavailability, can be designed to treat bacterial and fungal diseases. To reduce the toxicity of NZ17074, N6 was designed by replacing a cysteine in positions 3 and 20 with alanine, fused to the C-terminus of the small ubiquitin-like modifier tag (SUMO), and expressed in yeast. SUMO-N6 yielded as much as 921 mg l(-1) at 72 h after induction in a fermentor and increased 1...
June 28, 2017: Letters in Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639696/modulation-of-global-sumoylation-by-kaposi-s-sarcoma-associated-herpesvirus-and-its-effects-on-viral-gene-expression
#17
Jinzhong Wang, Yuying Guo, Xu Wang, Rui Zhao, Ying Wang
Some viruses have evolved to exploit the host SUMOylation system to regulate their own replication. Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) encodes K-bZIP, a SUMO E3 ligase catalyzing the SUMOylation of viral and host proteins. KSHV also encodes replication and transcriptional activator (RTA), a SUMO-targeted ubiquitin ligase catalyzing the ubiquitination of SUMOylated proteins and targeting them for degradation. Using chronic KSHV-infected TRE × BCBL-1 RTA cells, the expression kinetics of K-bZIP and RTA, and the global SUMOylation level were detected...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637749/cell-cycle-dependent-spatial-segregation-of-telomerase-from-sites-of-dna-damage
#18
Faissal Ouenzar, Maxime Lalonde, Hadrien Laprade, Geneviève Morin, Franck Gallardo, Samuel Tremblay-Belzile, Pascal Chartrand
Telomerase can generate a novel telomere at DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs), an event called de novo telomere addition. How this activity is suppressed remains unclear. Combining single-molecule imaging and deep sequencing, we show that the budding yeast telomerase RNA (TLC1 RNA) is spatially segregated to the nucleolus and excluded from sites of DNA repair in a cell cycle-dependent manner. Although TLC1 RNA accumulates in the nucleoplasm in G1/S, Pif1 activity promotes TLC1 RNA localization in the nucleolus in G2/M...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630323/role-of-the-cbp-catalytic-core-in-intramolecular-sumoylation-and-control-of-histone-h3-acetylation
#19
Sangho Park, Robyn L Stanfield, Maria A Martinez-Yamout, H Jane Dyson, Ian A Wilson, Peter E Wright
The histone acetyl transferases CREB-binding protein (CBP) and its paralog p300 play a critical role in numerous cellular processes. Dysregulation of their catalytic activity is associated with several human diseases. Previous work has elucidated the regulatory mechanisms of p300 acetyltransferase activity, but it is not known whether CBP activity is controlled similarly. Here, we present the crystal structure of the CBP catalytic core encompassing the bromodomain (BRD), CH2 (comprising PHD and RING), HAT, and ZZ domains at 2...
July 3, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623195/cytokine-induced-paracrystals-prolong-the-activity-of-signal-transducers-and-activators-of-transcription-stat-and-provide-a-model-for-the-regulation-of-protein-solubility-by-small-ubiquitin-like-modifier-sumo
#20
Mathias Droescher, Andreas Begitt, Andreas Marg, Martin Zacharias, Uwe Vinkemeier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 16, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
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