keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

sumo

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535142/srs2-promotes-synthesis-dependent-strand-annealing-by-disrupting-dna-polymerase-%C3%AE-extending-d-loops
#1
Jie Liu, Christopher Ede, William D Wright, Steven K Gore, Shirin S Jenkins, Bret D Freudenthal, M Todd Washington, Xavier Veaute, Wolf-Dietrich Heyer
Synthesis-dependent strand annealing (SDSA) is the preferred mode of homologous recombination in somatic cells leading to an obligatory non-crossover outcome, thus avoiding the potential for chromosomal rearrangements and loss of heterozygosity. Genetic analysis identified the Srs2 helicase as a prime candidate to promote SDSA. Here, we demonstrate that Srs2 disrupts D-loops in an ATP-dependent fashion and with a distinct polarity. Specifically, we partly reconstitute the SDSA pathway using Rad51, Rad54, RPA, RFC, DNA Polymerase δ with different forms of PCNA...
May 23, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532323/quantitative-regulation-of-histone-variant-h2a-z-during-cell-cycle-by-ubiquitin-proteasome-system-and-sumo-targeted-ubiquitin-ligases
#2
Daisuke Takahashi, Yuki Orihara, Saho Kitagawa, Masayuki Kusakabe, Takahiro Shintani, Yukako Oma, Masahiko Harata
Quantitative control of histones and histone variants during cell cycle is relevant to their epigenetic functions. We found that the level of yeast histone variant H2A.Z in the G2/M-phase is actively kept low by the ubiquitin proteasome system and SUMO-targeted ubiquitin ligases. Overexpression of H2A.Z induced defects in mitotic progression, suggesting functional importance of this quantitative control.
May 22, 2017: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527786/sumo-in-the-dna-double-stranded-break-response-similarities-differences-and-co-operation-with-ubiquitin
#3
REVIEW
Joanna R Morris, Alexander J Garvin
In recent years our knowledge of the varied role that ubiquitination plays in promoting signal amplification, novel protein interactions and protein turn-over has progressed rapidly. This is particularly remarkable in the examination of how DNA Double-Strand Breaks (DSBs) are repaired, with many components of the ubiquitin conjugation, de-conjugation and recognition machinery now identified as key factors in DSB repair. In addition, a member of the ubiquitin-like family, SUMO (Small Ubiquitin-like Modifier) has also been recognised as integral for efficient repair...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520516/mesenchymal-stem-cell-migration-and-proliferation-are-mediated-by-hypoxia-inducible-factor-1%C3%AE-upstream-of-notch-and-sumo-pathways
#4
María Ciria, Nahuel A García, Imelda Ontoria-Oviedo, Hernán González-King, Rubén Carrero, José Luis De La Pompa, José Anastasio Montero, Pilar Sepúlveda
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are effective in treating several pathologies. We and others have demonstrated that hypoxia or hypoxia-inducible factor 1 alpha (HIF-1α) stabilization improves several MSC functions, including cell adhesion, migration, and proliferation, thereby increasing their therapeutic potential. To further explore the mechanisms induced by HIF-1α in MSCs, we studied its relationship with Notch signaling and observed that overexpression of HIF-1α in MSCs increased protein levels of the Notch ligands Jagged 1-2 and Delta-like (Dll)1, Dll3, and Dll4 and potentiated Notch signaling only when this pathway was activated...
May 18, 2017: Stem Cells and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512234/a-guide-for-targeted-sumo-removal
#5
REVIEW
Nalini Dhingra, Xiaolan Zhao
SUMO homeostasis is important for many cellular processes. In the current issue of Genes & Development, Liang and colleagues (pp. 802-815) demonstrate how a desumoylation enzyme is targeted to the nucleolus for removing SUMO from specific substrates and how curtailing sumoylation levels can regulate transcription in this nuclear compartment.
April 15, 2017: Genes & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510446/modularly-constructed-synthetic-granzyme-b-molecule-enables-interrogation-of-intracellular-proteases-for-targeted-cytotoxicity
#6
Patrick Ho, Christopher Ede, Yvonne Y Chen
Targeted therapies promise to increase the safety and efficacy of treatments against diseases ranging from cancer to viral infections. However, the vast majority of targeted therapeutics relies on the recognition of extracellular biomarkers, which are rarely restricted to diseased cells and are thus prone to severe and sometimes-fatal off-target toxicities. In contrast, intracellular antigens present a diverse yet underutilized repertoire of disease markers. Here, we report a protein-based therapeutic platform-termed Cytoplasmic Oncoprotein VErifier and Response Trigger (COVERT)-which enables the interrogation of intracellular proteases to trigger targeted cytotoxicity...
May 22, 2017: ACS Synthetic Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503428/soluble-expression-of-recomb-inant-cmyc-klf4-oct4-and-sox2-proteins-in-bacteria-and-transduction-into-living-cells
#7
Guo-Dan Liu, Shi-Feng Zhou, Xu-Chen Ding, Chun-Lai Fang, Shu-Yong Mi, Xiang-Chun Gao, Qing Han
AIM: To develop a new method to produce recombinant reprogramming proteins, cMyc, Klf4, Oct4, and Sox2, in soluble format with low cost for the generation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs). METHODS: A short polypeptide sequence derived from the HIV trans-activator of transcription protein (TAT) and the nucleus localization signal (NLS) polypeptide were fused to the N terminus of the reprogramming proteins and they were constructed into pCold-SUMO vector which can extremely improve the solubility of recombinant proteins...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501776/inhibition-of-senp3-by-urb597-ameliorates-neurovascular-unit-dysfunction-in-rats-with-chronic-cerebral-hypoperfusion
#8
Da-Peng Wang, Ke-Jia Liu, Graham Kasper, Qi Lin, Jian Hai
Disruption of the neurovascular unit (NVU), induced by chronic cerebral hypoperfusion (CCH), has been broadly found in various neurological disorders. SUMO-specific protease 3 (SENP3) is expressed in neurons, astrocytes, and microglia, and regulates a variety of cell events. However, whether SENP3 is involved in neurovascular injury under the condition of CCH is still elusive. To address this issue, we investigated the effect of the fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) inhibitor URB597 on NVU and the role of SENP3 in this process, as well as the underling mechanisms...
May 11, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498721/mechanisms-of-deubiquitinase-specificity-and-regulation
#9
Tycho E T Mevissen, David Komander
Protein ubiquitination is one of the most powerful posttranslational modifications of proteins, as it regulates a plethora of cellular processes in distinct manners. Simple monoubiquitination events coexist with more complex forms of polyubiquitination, the latter featuring many different chain architectures. Ubiquitin can be subjected to further posttranslational modifications (e.g., phosphorylation and acetylation) and can also be part of mixed polymers with ubiquitin-like modifiers such as SUMO (small ubiquitinrelated modifier) or NEDD8 (neural precursor cell expressed, developmentally downregulated 8)...
May 12, 2017: Annual Review of Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493978/identification-of-the-sumo-e3-ligase-pias1-as-a-potential-survival-biomarker-in-breast-cancer
#10
Ayan Chanda, Angela Chan, Lili Deng, Elizabeth N Kornaga, Emeka K Enwere, Donald G Morris, Shirin Bonni
Metastasis is the ultimate cause of breast cancer related mortality. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is thought to play a crucial role in the metastatic potential of breast cancer. Growing evidence has implicated the SUMO E3 ligase PIAS1 in the regulation of EMT in mammary epithelial cells and breast cancer metastasis. However, the relevance of PIAS1 in human cancer and mechanisms by which PIAS1 might regulate breast cancer metastasis remain to be elucidated. Using tissue-microarray analysis (TMA), we report that the protein abundance and subcellular localization of PIAS1 correlate with disease specific overall survival of a cohort of breast cancer patients...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490094/development-of-monoclonal-antibody-based-elisa-for-the-quantification-of-orange-allergen-cit-s-2-in-fresh-and-processed-oranges
#11
Kyohei Kiyota, Kentaro Kawatsu, Junko Sakata, Masato Yoshimitsu, Kazuhiko Akutsu, Taro Satsuki-Murakami, Masami Ki, Keiji Kajimura, Tetsuo Yamano
The aim of this study was to develop a monoclonal antibody (mAb)-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the quantification of a major allergen (Cit s 2) in fresh and processed oranges. Purified recombinant Cit s 2 (rCit s 2)-small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) was used for the production of mAbs. In the optimized ELISA, the recovery of rCit s 2 from Navel oranges or orange juice was 107-132%, and the intra- and inter-assay coefficients of variation were 3.1-8.8% and 4.4-11%, respectively. The Cit s 2 content in fresh oranges was determined to be 1,800±430ng/g, while this content was much lower in the processed foods...
October 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487986/sumo-1-delays-neuronal-damage-in-the-spinal-cord-following-ischemia-reperfusion
#12
Hyo Young Jung, Dae Won Kim, Hyun Jung Kwon, Dae Young Yoo, In Koo Hwang, Moo-Ho Won, Tack-Geun Cho, Soo Young Choi, Seung Myung Moon
The present study investigated the protective effects of small ubiquitin-like modifier 1 (SUMO-1) on spinal cord ischemic damage in rabbits. A trans‑activator of transcription (Tat)‑SUMO‑1 fusion protein was prepared, and transient spinal cord ischemia was induced by occlusion of the abdominal aorta for 15 min. Vehicle (glycerol) or 1 mg/kg Tat-1-SUMO‑1 was administered intraperitoneally to the rabbits immediately following ischemia/reperfusion. Administration of Tat-SUMO-1 did not lead to significant alterations in arterial blood gases [partial pressure (Pa)CO2 and PaO2], pH, or blood glucose levels prior to ischemia, 10 min after occlusion or 10 min after reperfusion...
June 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487408/recruitment-of-a-sumo-isopeptidase-to-rdna-stabilizes-silencing-complexes-by-opposing-sumo-targeted-ubiquitin-ligase-activity
#13
Jason Liang, Namit Singh, Christopher R Carlson, Claudio P Albuquerque, Kevin D Corbett, Huilin Zhou
Post-translational modification by SUMO (small ubiquitin-like modifier) plays important but still poorly understood regulatory roles in eukaryotic cells, including as a signal for ubiquitination by SUMO targeted ubiquitin ligases (STUbLs). Here, we delineate the molecular mechanisms for SUMO-dependent control of ribosomal DNA (rDNA) silencing through the opposing actions of a STUbL (Slx5:Slx8) and a SUMO isopeptidase (Ulp2). We identify a conserved region in the Ulp2 C terminus that mediates its specificity for rDNA-associated proteins and show that this region binds directly to the rDNA-associated protein Csm1...
May 9, 2017: Genes & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482272/screening-of-commercial-cyclic-peptide-conjugated-to-hiv-1-tat-peptide-as-inhibitor-of-n-terminal-heptad-repeat-glycoprotein-2-ectodomain-ebola-virus-through-in-silico-analysis
#14
Usman Sumo Friend Tambunan, Ahmad Husein Alkaff, Mochammad Arfin Fardiansyah Nasution, Arli Aditya Parikesit, Djati Kerami
Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever (EHF) is a disease caused by viruses from genus Ebolavirus. Zaire ebolavirus (EBOV) is the deadliest species which has 76% case fatality rate. Up until now, there is no U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved drugs to treat EHF. Antiviral drug based on EBOV N-terminal heptad repeat glycoprotein-2 (NHR GP2) Ectodomain inhibitor is one kind of treatment that has not well developed. NHR GP2 Ectodomain has an important role in the process of EBOV entry into the cell through endocytosis mechanism...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482126/cytosolic-expression-of-functional-fab-fragments-in-e-coli-using-a-novel-combination-of-dual-sumo-expression-cassette-and-enbase-%C3%A2-cultivation-mode
#15
Faegheh Rezaie, Fatemeh Davami, Kamran Mansouri, Sulmaz Agha Amiri, Ramin Fazel, Reza Mahdian, Noushin Davoudi, Somayeh Enayati, Mohammad Azizi, Vahid Khalaj
AIMS: The E. coli expression system is highly effective in producing recombinant proteins. However, there are some limitations in this system, especially in obtaining correctly folded forms of some complex proteins such as Fab fragments. To improve the solubility and folding quality of Fab fragments, we have examined the effect of simultaneous application of a SUMO fusion tag, EnBase(®) cultivation mode and a redox mutant strain in the E. coli expression system. METHODS AND RESULTS: A bicistronic gene construct was designed to express an anti-VEGF Fab fragment as a model system...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476868/a-new-method-reverse-yeast-two-hybrid-array-rytha-identifies-mutants-that-dissociate-the-physical-interaction-between-elg1-and-slx5
#16
Ifat Lev, Keren Shemesh, Marina Volpe, Soumitra Sau, Nelly Levinton, Maya Molco, Shivani Singh, Batia Liefshitz, Shay Ben Aroya, Martin Kupiec
The vast majority of processes within the cell are carried out by proteins working in conjunction. The Yeast Two Hybrid (Y2H) methodology allows the detection of physical interactions between any two interacting proteins. Here we describe a novel systematic genetic methodology: "Reverse Yeast Two Hybrid Array (RYTHA)," that allows the identification of proteins required for modulating the physical interaction between two given proteins. Our assay starts with a yeast strain in which the physical interaction of interest can be detected by growth on media lacking histidine, in the context of the Yeast Two Hybrid (Y2H) methodology...
May 5, 2017: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475613/sumo-targeted-ubiquitin-ligase-activity-can-either-suppress-or-promote-genome-instability-depending-on-the-nature-of-the-dna-lesion
#17
Minghua Nie, Bettina A Moser, Toru M Nakamura, Michael N Boddy
The posttranslational modifiers SUMO and ubiquitin critically regulate the DNA damage response (DDR). Important crosstalk between these modifiers at DNA lesions is mediated by the SUMO-targeted ubiquitin ligase (STUbL), which ubiquitinates SUMO chains to generate SUMO-ubiquitin hybrids. These SUMO-ubiquitin hybrids attract DDR proteins able to bind both modifiers, and/or are degraded at the proteasome. Despite these insights, specific roles for SUMO chains and STUbL in the DDR remain poorly defined. Notably, fission yeast defective in SUMO chain formation exhibit near wild-type resistance to genotoxins and moreover, have a greatly reduced dependency on STUbL activity for DNA repair...
May 5, 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469408/modification-of-s-adenosyl-l-homocysteine-as-inhibitor-of-nonstructural-protein-5-methyltransferase-dengue-virus-through-molecular-docking-and-molecular-dynamics-simulation
#18
Usman Sumo Friend Tambunan, Mochammad Arfin Fardiansyah Nasution, Fauziah Azhima, Arli Aditya Parikesit, Erwin Prasetya Toepak, Syarifuddin Idrus, Djati Kerami
Dengue fever is still a major threat worldwide, approximately threatening two-fifths of the world's population in tropical and subtropical countries. Nonstructural protein 5 (NS5) methyltransferase enzyme plays a vital role in the process of messenger RNA capping of dengue by transferring methyl groups from S-adenosyl-l-methionine to N7 atom of the guanine bases of RNA and the RNA ribose group of 2'OH, resulting in S-adenosyl-l-homocysteine (SAH). The modification of SAH compound was screened using molecular docking and molecular dynamics simulation, along with computational ADME-Tox (absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion, and toxicity) test...
2017: Drug Target Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464310/sumo-during-stress-when-transcription-takes-a-pause-comment-on-doi-10-1002-bies-201600263
#19
Jorrit M Enserink
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2017: BioEssays: News and Reviews in Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459381/arsenic-and-sumo-wrestling-in-protein-modification
#20
Lingzhi Li, Fei Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Cell Cycle
keyword
keyword
22336
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"