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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771846/educational-exposure-to-transgender-patient-care-in-otolaryngology-training
#1
Benjamin B Massenburg, Shane D Morrison, Vania Rashidi, Craig Miller, David W Grant, Christopher S Crowe, Nathalia Velasquez, Justin R Shinn, Jacob E Kuperstock, Deepa J Galaiya, Scott R Chaiet, Amit D Bhrany
OBJECTIVE: Gender dysphoria is estimated to occur in over 1 million people in the United States. With decreasing stigma regarding the transgender population, it is likely more patients will seek medical and surgical gender transition as parts of their treatment. However, otolaryngologists may lack training in gender-confirming surgery. This study aims to determine the current state of transgender-related education in the United States otolaryngology training programs and to evaluate trainee perceptions regarding the importance of such training...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769510/surgical-management-of-a-critical-ischemic-mitral-regurgitation-patient
#2
S A Sunny, S Moinuddin, A B Adhikary, M A Hossain
Functional ischemic mitral regurgitation is strongly associated with poor outcomes in patient with coronary artery disease. The best management for mitral regurgitation at the time of coronary revascularization remains controversial. We report, a case of 58 years-old men admitted to GKNM hospital, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India with chest pain and respiratory distress for last 6 hours during my fellowship training in that hospital. ECG showed acute antero-septal MI. The transthoracic echocardiogram revealed severe left ventricular dysfunction with moderate mitral regurgitation...
April 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769371/how-are-we-currently-training-and-maintaining-clinical-readiness-of-us-and-uk-military-surgeons-responsible-for-managing-head-face-and-neck-wounds-on-deployment
#3
John Breeze, J G Combes, J DuBose, D B Powers
INTRODUCTION: The conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan provided military surgeons from the USA and the UK with extensive experience into the management of injuries to the head, face and neck (HFN) from high energy bullets and explosive weaponry. The challenge is now to maintain the expertise in managing such injuries for future military deployments. METHODS: The manner in which each country approaches four parameters required for a surgeon to competently treat HFN wounds in deployed military environments was compared...
May 16, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769368/the-reconstructive-trauma-surgery-interface-fellowship-and-its-applicability-to-military-and-civilian-trainees
#4
EDITORIAL
Douglas Hammond, J Breeze, D Evriviades
The Reconstructive Trauma Surgery Fellowship is a based at the Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Birmingham, and focuses on the multidisciplinary management of major trauma from presentation to discharge. It is unique to the UK in that it provides both management and leadership experience as well as operative surgical skills particularly in terms of reconstruction on complex trauma patients including those from the military. This paper describes the relevance of fellowships in modern surgical training, composition of the reconstructive trauma fellowship and the relevance for both civilian and military trainees...
May 16, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761606/euthanasia-and-surgeons-an-overview-of-the-victorian-voluntary-assisted-dying-act-2017-and-its-relevance-to-surgical-practice-in-australia
#5
REVIEW
Christian Beardsley, Kilian Brown, Charbel Sandroussi
Surgeons play a significant role in the treatment of patients with many types of cancer, including the management of advanced and recurrent disease after long periods of apparent remission. The recently introduced Victorian Voluntary Assisted Dying (VAD) Act represents a shift in paradigm in Australian medical practice. To be eligible for VAD, the new legislation requires patient assessment by a physician with at least 5 years post-fellowship experience and relevant expertise in the patient's condition. Given many specialist surgeons' experience in managing advanced and often incurable malignancy, it is likely that many will receive referrals for assessment for VAD...
May 14, 2018: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746327/pediatric-corneal-transplants-review-of-current-practice-patterns
#6
Angela Y Zhu, Maria Carolina Marquezan, Courtney L Kraus, Christina R Prescott
PURPOSE: To facilitate development of standardized guidelines for management of pediatric patients undergoing keratoplasty, particularly the youngest cohort, through a comprehensive survey assessing recent trends in practice patterns of corneal specialists and pediatric ophthalmologists. METHODS: A cross-sectional, observational study of current practices pertaining to pediatric keratoplasty was performed by designing a 20-question survey focused on preoperative indications, surgical techniques, and postoperative management...
May 8, 2018: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745238/corrigendum-to-the-impact-of-prehabilitation-on-post-surgical-complications-in-patients-undergoing-non-urgent-cardiovascular-surgical-intervention-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
(no author information available yet)
The impact of prehabilitation on post-surgical complications in patients undergoing non-urgent cardiovascular surgical intervention: Systematic review and meta-analysis by F Marmelo et al. European Journal of Preventive Cardiology January 2018 25: 404-417, DOI: 2016 doi: 10.1177/2047487317752373 The third author's name, affiliation and Funding information were incorrect, the correct details are below: Daniel Moreira-Gonçalves Departamento de Cirurgia e Fisiologia, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade do Porto, Portugal CIAFEL, Faculdade de Desporto, Universidade do Porto, Portugal Funding D...
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743035/mammographic-density-changes-in-surgical-weight-loss-an-indication-for-personalized-screening
#8
Natalia Partain, Ali Mokdad, Nancy Puzziferri, Jessica Porembka, Stephen Seiler, Alana Christie, Deborah Farr, Aeisha Rivers, A Marilyn Leitch, Rachel Wooldridge, James Huth, Roshni Rao
BACKGROUND: Obesity and high radiologic breast density independently increase breast cancer risk. We evaluated the effect of surgical weight loss on mammographic density (MD). METHODS: Patients undergoing bariatric surgery and screening mammography (MG) were identified, data regarding demographics, comorbidities, calculated and genetic breast cancer risk was collected. Patients had a MG before and after surgery. Fellowship-trained breast radiologists assigned Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System density categories...
May 9, 2018: BMC Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733345/assessing-the-value-of-a-multimedia-based-aesthetic-curriculum-in-plastic-surgery-residency-a-single-center-pilot-study
#9
Joshua A David, William J Rifkin, Pierre B Saadeh, Sammy Sinno
Background: Although global demand for cosmetic surgery continues to rise, plastic surgery residents feel that current models of aesthetic training are inadequate in preparing them for future practice. Digital learning resources offer promising educational possibilities, yet there are no formal studies investigating the integration of these technologies into the aesthetic curriculum. Objectives: Here, we review the current state of aesthetic training for plastic surgery residents and present a pilot study investigating the value of a dedicated multimedia-based aesthetic curriculum at a single, large academic program...
May 4, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732425/a-canadian-perspective-on-anterior-cervical-discectomies-practice-patterns-and-preferences
#10
Reena K Baweja, Michael Bennardo, Forough Farrokhyar, Amanda Martyniuk, Kesava Reddy
Background: The purpose of this study is to elucidate the current practice patterns of Canadian neurosurgeons with regards to anterior cervical discectomy (ACD). Methods: A one-page questionnaire was sent out using SurveyMonkey to all neurosurgeon members of the Canadian Neurological Sciences Federation (CNSF). End points were surgeon preference for ACD surgical method, graft source, the length of collar usage and the recommended time before returning to work. Results: Response rate was 74...
March 2018: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727333/pursuing-excellence-the-power-of-selection-science-to-provide-meaningful-data-and-enhance-efficiency-in-selecting-surgical-trainees
#11
Aimee K Gardner, Brian J Dunkin
INTRODUCTION: As current screening methods for selecting surgical trainees are receiving increasing scrutiny, development of a more efficient and effective selection system is needed. We describe the process of creating an evidence-based selection system and examine its impact on screening efficiency, faculty perceptions, and improving representation of underrepresented minorities. METHODS: The program partnered with an expert in organizational science to identify fellowship position requirements and associated competencies...
May 1, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723642/predictors-of-overnight-admission-after-minimally-invasive-hysterectomy-in-the-expert-setting
#12
Gaby Moawad, Paul Tyan, Victoria Vargas, Daniel Park, Hannah Young, Cherie Marfori
OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors of Same Day Discharge (SDD) overnight admission after laparoscopic and robot-assisted hysterectomy to improve preoperative counseling and patient optimization. DESIGN: A Single-center retrospective cohort study. (Canadian Task Force classification III). SETTING: Academic university hospital. PATIENTS: Patients undergoing straight-stick laparoscopic and robot-assisted hysterectomy by fellowship-trained minimally invasive gynecologic surgeons for benign indications INTERVENTIONS: Straight-stick laparoscopic and robot-assisted hysterectomy...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709369/palliative-care-training-and-decision-making-for-patients-with-advanced-cancer-a-comparison-of-surgeons-and-medical-physicians
#13
Sarah B Bateni, Robert J Canter, Frederick J Meyers, Joseph M Galante, Richard J Bold
BACKGROUND: Surgical decision-making in patients with advanced cancer requires careful thought and deliberation to balance the high risks with the potential palliative benefits. We sought to compare surgical decision-making and palliative care training among surgeons and medical physicians who commonly treat advanced cancer patients. We hypothesized that surgeons will report less palliative care training compared with medical physicians, and deficits in palliative care training will be associated with more aggressive treatment recommendations in clinical scenarios of advanced cancer patients with symptomatic surgical conditions...
April 27, 2018: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706733/decreased-rate-of-complications-in-carpal-tunnel-release-with-hand-fellowship-training
#14
Santosh J Mathen, Naveed N Nosrati, Gregory A Merrell
Purpose: In many procedures, both high case volumes and fellowship training have been shown to improve outcomes. One of the most common procedures performed by hand surgeons, the carpal tunnel release (CTR) is also performed by several other specialties without specialty training in a hand fellowship. This study analyzed the effect that hand fellowship training has on outcomes of CTRs. Materials and Methods: Using the American Board of Orthopedic Surgeons (ABOS) Part II candidates' case list submissions, a database was created for all open and endoscopic CTRs...
April 2018: Journal of Hand and Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698292/does-the-watson-jones-or-modified-smith-petersen-approach-provide-superior-exposure-for-femoral-neck-fracture-fixation
#15
Paul M Lichstein, John P Kleimeyer, Michael Githens, John S Vorhies, Michael J Gardner, Michael Bellino, Julius Bishop
BACKGROUND: A well-reduced femoral neck fracture is more likely to heal than a poorly reduced one, and increasing the quality of the surgical exposure makes it easier to achieve anatomic fracture reduction. Two open approaches are in common use for femoral neck fractures, the modified Smith-Petersen and Watson-Jones; however, to our knowledge, the quality of exposure of the femoral neck exposure provided by each approach has not been investigated. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) What is the respective area of exposed femoral neck afforded by the Watson-Jones and modified Smith-Petersen approaches? (2) Is there a difference in the ability to visualize and/or palpate important anatomic landmarks provided by the Watson-Jones and modified Smith-Petersen approaches? METHODS: Ten fresh-frozen human pelvi underwent both modified Smith-Petersen (utilizing the caudal extent of the standard Smith-Petersen interval distal to the anterosuperior iliac spine and parallel to the palpable interval between the tensor fascia lata and the sartorius) and Watson-Jones approaches...
April 24, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697635/trends-in-accreditation-council-for-graduate-medical-education-accreditation-for-subspecialty-fellowship-training-in-plastic-surgery
#16
Jason Silvestre, Joseph M Serletti, Benjamin Chang
BACKGROUND: The purposes of this study were to (1) determine the proportion of plastic surgery residents pursuing subspecialty training relative to other surgical specialties, and (2) analyze trends in Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education accreditation of plastic surgery subspecialty fellowship programs. METHODS: The American Medical Association provided data on career intentions of surgical chief residents graduating from 2014 to 2016. The percentage of residents pursuing fellowship training was compared by specialty...
May 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674107/the-economics-of-private-practice-versus-academia-in-surgery
#17
Maria Baimas-George, Brian Fleischer, James R Korndorffer, Douglas Slakey, Christopher DuCoin
OBJECTIVE: Residents often make career decisions regarding future practice without adequate knowledge to the realities of professional life. Currently there is a paucity of data regarding economic differences between practice models. This study seeks to illuminate the financial differences of surgical subspecialties between academic and private practice. DESIGN: Data were collected from the Association of American Medical College (AAMC) and the Medical Group Management Association's (MGMA) 2015 reports of average annual salaries...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672132/remplissage-versus-modified-latarjet-for-off-track-hill-sachs-lesions-with-subcritical-glenoid-bone-loss
#18
Justin Shu Yang, Nima Mehran, Augustus D Mazzocca, Michael L Pearl, Vincent W Chen, Robert A Arciero
BACKGROUND: Off-track Hill-Sachs lesions have been associated with high rates of recurrent shoulder instability. Both arthroscopic Bankart with remplissage and modified Latarjet have been described to treat off-track Hill-Sachs lesions. However, few comparative studies exist between the 2 techniques in heterogeneous populations. HYPOTHESIS: Remplissage would have similar recurrence rates and clinical outcomes to modified Latarjet for off-track Hill-Sachs lesions with subcritical glenoid bone loss...
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667041/perception-versus-reality-elucidating-motivation-and-expectations-of-current-fellowship-council-minimally-invasive-surgery-fellows
#19
Jeffrey R Watkins, Aurora D Pryor, Michael S Truitt, D Rohan Jeyarajah
BACKGROUND: The aim of our study is to determine minimally invasive trainee motivation and expectations for their respective fellowship. Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS) is one of the largest non-ACGME post-residency training pathways though little is known concerning the process of residents choosing MIS as a fellowship focus. As general surgery evolves, it is important to understand resident motivation in order to better prepare them for a surgical career. METHODS: A survey invitation was sent to current trainees in the Minimally Invasive and related pathways through the Fellowship Council...
April 17, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662913/high-rate-of-missed-lateral-meniscus-posterior-root-tears-on-preoperative-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#20
Aaron J Krych, Isabella T Wu, Vishal S Desai, Naveen S Murthy, Mark S Collins, Daniel B F Saris, Bruce A Levy, Michael J Stuart
Background: Lateral meniscus posterior root tears (LMPRTs), if left untreated, can cause devastating effects to the knee, with rapid articular cartilage degeneration and loss of the meniscus as a secondary stabilizer. Detection and surgical repair of these defects have been linked to favorable outcomes, but preoperative identification of LMPRTs continues to be challenging. Purpose: To determine the rate of LMPRTs diagnosed preoperatively on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in a consecutive series of arthroscopically confirmed LMPRTs...
April 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
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