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Fellowship surgical

Michael A Skinnider, David D W Twa, Jordan W Squair, Norman D Rosenblum, Christine D Lukac
CONTEXT: MD/PhD programmes provide structured paths for physician-scientist training. However, considerable proportions of graduates of these programmes do not pursue careers in research consistent with their training. OBJECTIVES: We sought to identify factors associated with sustained involvement in research after completion of all postgraduate training. METHODS: Anonymised data from a national survey of Canadian MD/PhD programme graduates who had completed all physician-scientist training (n = 70) were analysed...
March 13, 2018: Medical Education
Ake Hansasuta, Siriwut Pokanan, Pritsana Punyawai, Wattana Mahattanakul
Introduction Endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery (ETSS) for pituitary adenoma (PA) has been a recent shift from the traditional microscopic technique. Although some literature demonstrated superiority of ETSS over the microscopic method and some evaluated mono- vs. binostril access within the ETSS, none had explored the potential influence of dedicated instrument, as this procedure had evolved, on patients' outcomes when compared to traditional microscopic tools. Objective To investigate our own clinical and radiographic outcomes of ETSS for PA with its technical evolution over time as well as a significance of, having vs...
January 1, 2018: Curēus
Vanita Pathak Ray, Divya P Rao
PURPOSE: To report the early outcomes in terms of efficacy and safety of a new, indigenously manufactured, low-cost non-valved drainage device (Aurolab Aqueous Drainage Implant, AADI) in the management of refractory glaucomas in the Indian population. METHODS: Retrospective review of consecutive patients >12years, who underwent glaucoma drainage device surgery (GDD) via AADI, by a single fellowship-trained surgeon, between January 2014 and December 2016, who had at least 3 months of documented post-op follow-up...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Glaucoma
Briony K Varda, Patricia Cho, Andrew A Wagner, Richard S Lee
BACKGROUND: In adult urologic oncology the use of robotics has become commonplace; in pediatric urology it is rare. Herein, we describe a collaboration between an adult and a pediatric urologist performing robotic surgery for children and young adults with suspicious or cancerous genitourinary (GU) lesions. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate clinical and oncologic outcomes in children and young adults undergoing robotic surgery for suspicious or cancerous lesions of the GU tract; to describe our collaborative model between an adult and pediatric surgeon at a free-standing children's hospital...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Amin Andalib, Philippe Bouchard, Alexandre Bougie, Sarah-Eve Loiselle, Sebastian Demyttenaere, Olivier Court
BACKGROUND: Despite an increase in bariatric surgery across Quebec, Canada, access is still limited. Furthermore, there are differences in resources and multidisciplinary capabilities of providing centers that may impact quality of care and outcomes. METHODS: We performed an online survey of all bariatric surgeons in the province of Quebec, Canada, using the LimeSurvey software. RESULTS: Forty-six surgeons from 15 centers were surveyed. Response rate was 87% (n = 40)...
February 28, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Kyle John Hancock, Robert R Westermann, Alan Gregory Shamrock, Kyle R Duchman, Brian R Wolf, Annunziato Amendola
This study aims to evaluate the trends in treatment of knee articular cartilage lesions over the past decade using data obtained from the American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery (ABOS) Part II database. The ABOS Part II database was queried from 2004 to 2013 for chondroplasty, microfracture, and osteochondral grafting procedures. All cases were analyzed for patient age and operating surgeon's fellowship training status. Univariate analysis including chi-square test for categorical variables and Student's t -test for continuous variables was performed to determine if any significant changes in practice patterns were present...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Knee Surgery
Katherine Whitehouse, Tiana Fontanilla, Leslie Kim, Mary Tschann, Reni Soon, Jennifer Salcedo, Bliss Kaneshiro
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to document current practices of abortion providers on the use of medications to decrease bleeding during surgical abortion. STUDY DESIGN: We emailed surveys to 336 abortion providers through a professional listserv to elicit information on their use of medications to prevent and treat bleeding during first- and second-trimester surgical abortion. RESULTS: One hundred sixty-eight (50%) providers responded to our survey...
February 25, 2018: Contraception
Aaron D C Knox, Jessica G Shih, Richard J Warren, Mirko S Gilardino, Dimitri J Anastakis
BACKGROUND: Transitioning to competency-based surgical training will require consensus regarding the scope of plastic surgery and expectations of operative ability for graduating residents. Identifying surgical procedures experts deemed most important in preparing graduates for independent practice (i.e., "core" procedures), and those that are less important or deemed more appropriate for fellowship training (i.e., "noncore" procedures), will focus instructional and assessment efforts...
March 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Mark J Amirtharaj, Dean Wang, Michael H McGraw, Christopher L Camp, Ryan A Degen, David M Dines, Joshua S Dines
PURPOSE: (1) Define the epidemiologic trend of distal clavicle excision (DCE) for acromioclavicular (AC) joint arthritis among board-eligible orthopaedic surgeons in the United States, (2) describe the rates and types of reported complications of open and arthroscopic DCE, and (3) evaluate the effect of fellowship training on preferred technique and reported complication rates. METHODS: The American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery (ABOS) database was used to identify DCE cases submitted by ABOS Part II Board Certification examination candidates...
February 21, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Adriana G Ramirez, Nebil Nuradin, Fidele Byiringiro, Robinson Ssebuufu, George J Stukenborg, Georges Ntakiyiruta, Thomas M Daniel
BACKGROUND: The primary objective was to provide proof of concept of conducting thoracic surgical simulation in a low-middle income country (LMIC). Secondary objectives were to accelerate general thoracic surgery skills acquisition by general surgery residents and sustain simulation surgery teaching through a website, simulation models, and teaching of local faculty. METHODS: Five training models were created for use in a LMIC setting and implemented during on-site courses with Rwandan general surgery residents...
February 21, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Olamide O Omidele, Natan Davoudzadeh, Michael Palese
Background and Objectives: The learning curve for achieving desirable perioperative outcomes in robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN) has not been well studied. Information is available regarding "trifecta" outcomes of no complications, no positive margins, warm ischemia time (WIT) of ≤25 minutes, and a ≤15% decrease in postoperative glomerular filtration rate (GFR). This study was conducted to assess the impact of the learning curve on surgical outcomes in patients undergoing RAPN...
January 2018: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
Maria V Vargas, Magdy P Milad
OBJECTIVE: To describe the level of interest in the fellowship in minimally invasive gynecologic surgery (FMIGS) using data from National Residency Match Program (NRMP) over the past 4 years. DESIGN: Retrospective report (Canadian Task Force Classification II-2) SETTING: Publically reported data from the NRMP PARTICIPANTS: Applicants using the NRMP to match into fellowship training. INTERVENTIONS: Reporting matching trends for the gynecologic surgical subspecialty programs starting in 2014, when the FMIGS programs started participating in the NRMP...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Thomas W Carver
OBJECTIVE: Surgical critical care (SCC) fellows are expected to receive training in critical care ultrasound (CCUS) but training is sporadic and there is no standardized curriculum to guide educators. Previous studies show wide variation in CCUS training during fellowship across specialties but SCC has been underrepresented. This study was performed to assess SCC program directors' views regarding CCUS during fellowship training. DESIGN: Adult SCC program directors were surveyed regarding the role of CCUS in fellowship training...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
Joshua T Bucher, Christopher Bryczkowski, Grant Wei, Renee L Riggs, Anoop Kotwal, Brian Sumner, Jonathan V McCoy
BACKGROUND: The purpose of our study is to investigate rates of individual procedures performed by residents in our emergency medicine (EM) residency program. Different programs expose residents to different training environments. Our hypothesis is that ultrasound examinations are the most commonly performed procedure in our residency. METHODS: The study took place in an academic level I trauma center with multiple residency and fellowship programs including surgery, surgical critical care, trauma, medicine, pulmonary/critical care, anesthesiology and others...
February 14, 2018: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
Joey LaMartina, Kaitlyn N Christmas, Peter Simon, Jonathan J Streit, Jesse W Allert, Jonathan Clark, Randall J Otto, Adham Abdelfattah, Mark A Mighell, Mark A Frankle
BACKGROUND: Decision making in the management of proximal humerus fractures can be difficult in situations in which the surgeon is uncertain of the ideal treatment. METHODS: Two shoulder surgeons operatively treated 476 proximal humerus fractures from 1998-2014 with open reduction-internal fixation (ORIF), hemiarthroplasty, or reverse shoulder arthroplasty. Operative treatment was stratified by year to determine the evolution of technological influences on treatment over time...
March 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Lawrence M Field
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2018: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
A Hewitt-Smith, F Bulamba, S Ttendo, K Pappenheim, I A Walker, A F Smith
The Association of Anaesthetists of Great Britain and Ireland and the then Uganda Society of Anaesthesia established the Uganda Fellowship Scheme in 2006, to provide scholarships to encourage doctors to train in anaesthesia in Uganda. We conducted an evaluation of this programme using online questionnaires and face-to-face semi-structured interviews with trainees who received scholarships, as well as with senior surgeons and anaesthetists. Focus group discussions were held to assess changes in attitudes towards anaesthesia over the last 10 years...
February 7, 2018: Anaesthesia
Aimee R Eden, Lars E Peterson
Introduction Maldistribution of maternity care (MC) providers in the U.S. limits access to full spectrum MC services. Obstetricians are concentrated in urban areas with many rural areas reliant on family physicians (FP) to provide MC, yet fewer FPs are providing MC. The objective of this study was to understand the challenges FPs face in gaining skills in and providing advanced MC. Methods We conducted qualitative semi-structured interviews with 51 purposively sampled key stakeholders in family medicine MC (21 family medicine-OB fellowship directors, 19 past fellows, and 10 family medicine residency directors of programs with advanced MC training)...
February 6, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Marc E Walker, Carolyn Chuang, Craig R Moores, Matthew L Webb, Samuel D Buonocore, J Grant Thomson
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess impact of the surgeon consultation and informed consent process on patient education in an international hand surgery mission compared with a US academic hand surgery practice. These two groups were selected to evaluate communication difficulties in a surgical mission setting compared with standard of care in a high-income country. METHODS: A multi-part survey was administered to patients presenting to a hand surgery mission during March 2012 and new patients of a university hand center in a 3-month period during 2011...
March 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
R Brown, P Akimau, J Hsuan, T Williams
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the current standards of Fellowship training in Foot and Ankle Surgery Fellowship in the UK. METHODS: Thirteen UK post-FRCS (Tr&Orth) or equivalent Fellows completed a questionnaire detailing their outpatient, surgical, teaching and research experience, along with documenting their supervision and terms of employment. RESULTS: A Fellow attended a mean of 2.5 (0.5-4) clinics and 3.84 (2-7) theatre sessions per week...
June 10, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
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