keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Preventative health

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353450/cancer-treatment-and-bone-health
#1
REVIEW
Catherine Handforth, Stella D'Oronzo, Robert Coleman, Janet Brown
Considerable advances in oncology over recent decades have led to improved survival, while raising concerns about long-term consequences of anticancer treatments. In patients with breast or prostate malignancies, bone health is a major issue due to the high risk of bone metastases and the frequent prolonged use of hormone therapies that alter physiological bone turnover, leading to increased fracture risk. Thus, the onset of cancer treatment-induced bone loss (CTIBL) should be considered by clinicians and recent guidelines should be routinely applied to these patients...
January 20, 2018: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353402/factors-affecting-the-referral-rate-of-the-hoarding-disorder-at-primary-mental-health-care-in-quebec
#2
Yuliya Bodryzlova, Kieron O'Connor
Hoarding disorder (HD) places an important burden on people with HD, on their family members and society. In this paper we evaluate help-seeking in HD at primary mental health, measured in referral rate, together with its individual, environmental and structural correlates. We conducted an aggregate study by combining existing official data with our own survey data at the catchment area level. We found a mean annual referral rate of 1.58 (SD = 1.79) cases of HD in primary mental health facilities per 10,000 of adult population...
January 20, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353387/inter-individual-variation-in-health-and-disease-associated-with-pulmonary-infectious-agents
#3
Kirsten C Verhein, Heather L Vellers, Steven R Kleeberger
Respiratory infectious diseases resulting from bacterial or viral pathogens such as Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Streptococcus pneumoniae, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), or influenza, are major global public health concerns. Lower respiratory tract infections are leading causes of morbidity and mortality, only behind ischemic heart disease and stroke (GBD 2015 LRI Collaborators in Lancet Infect Dis 17(11):1133-1161, 2017). Developing countries are particularly impacted by these diseases. However, while many are infected with viruses such as RSV (> 90% of all individuals are infected by age 2), only sub-populations develop severe disease...
January 20, 2018: Mammalian Genome: Official Journal of the International Mammalian Genome Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353369/mental-health-professionals-attitudes-towards-mental-illness-professional-and-cultural-factors-in-the-inter-nos-study
#4
Francisco Del Olmo-Romero, María González-Blanco, Salvador Sarró, Jaime Grácio, Manuel Martín-Carrasco, Ana C Martinez-Cabezón, Giampaolo Perna, Edith Pomarol-Clotet, Pedro Varandas, Javier Ballesteros-Rodríguez, Carlos Rebolleda-Gil, Giovanna Vanni, Eduardo González-Fraile
BACKGROUND: Research shows that personnel working in mental health facilities may share some of the societal prejudices towards mental illness. This might result in stigmatizing behaviours towards people suffering from mental disorders, undermining the quality of their care. AIMS: To describe and compare attitudes towards mental illness across a sample of professionals working in a wide range of mental health facilities in Spain, Portugal and Italy. METHOD: We administered a survey to personnel including two questionnaires related to stigmatizing attitudes: The Community Attitudes toward the Mentally Ill (CAMI) and the Attribution Questionnaire (AQ-27)...
January 20, 2018: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353291/editorial-impact-of-the-binge-drinking-bd-in-adolescence-are-we-doing-it-right-editorial-impacto-del-consumo-epis%C3%A3-dico-excesivo-de-alcohol-en-la-adolescencia-%C3%A2-lo-estamos-haciendo-bien
#5
Ana Magdalena Vargas-Martínez, Marta Trapero-Bertran, Eugenia Gil-García, Marta Lima-Serrano
Nowadays, one of the most prevalent patterns of alcohol consumption is called binge drinking (BD). In 2015, the European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Drugs (ESPAD) Group estimated that about 35% of adolescents of 15-16 years old have had at least one BD occasion in the past 30 days while at national level, the series of surveys on the use of drugs in adolescents of secondary education (ESTUDES, 2014-2015) determined that 32.2% of adolescents stated having performed BD in the last month. The aim of this editorial was to update the context of adolescence drinking and analysing the impact of BD by ages, including health and social costs derived...
January 15, 2018: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353276/what-can-google-inform-us-about-people-s-interests-regarding-dental-caries-in-different-populations
#6
Patricia Estefania Aguirre, Melina Coelho, Thaís Oliveira, Daniela Rios, Agnes Fátima Cruvinel, Thiago Cruvinel
The diagnosis or suspicion of dental caries can lead people to seek additional information on the Internet through the use of structured queries in search engine tools. This action generates a considerable volume of data, which can be analyzed to provide a better understanding of the public's behavior linked to the consumption of oral health information. This study aimed to assess the volume and profile of web searches on dental caries-related queries performed by Google users from different countries. The monthly variation of the Search Volume Index (SVI) for dental caries was obtained in Google Trends for the period between January 2004 and September 2016...
January 20, 2018: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353160/prediction-of-venous-thromboembolism-using-semantic-and-sentiment-analyses-of-clinical-narratives
#7
Susan Sabra, Khalid Mahmood Malik, Mazen Alobaidi
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is the third most common cardiovascular disorder. It affects people of both genders at ages as young as 20 years. The increased number of VTE cases with a high fatality rate of 25% at first occurrence makes preventive measures essential. Clinical narratives are a rich source of knowledge and should be included in the diagnosis and treatment processes, as they may contain critical information on risk factors. It is very important to make such narrative blocks of information usable for searching, health analytics, and decision-making...
January 3, 2018: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353134/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-of-pregnant-women-in-martinique-in-the-immediate-aftermath-of-the-zika-virus-outbreak
#8
J Delet, A Cabié, S Merle, J-L Voluménie, A Monthieux
INTRODUCTION: The WHO and the HCSP recognize the Zika virus as a public health problem of international concern primarily because of the foetal risks. During the epidemic in Martinique, several modifications to the normal obstetrical follow-up were set up and information had to be delivered to pregnant women about these modifications, the attitudes to prevent infection and the signs motivating additional visits. The objective of our work was to evaluate the knowledge, attitudes and practices of pregnant women in Martinique about the risks associated with Zika infection during pregnancy in the immediate aftermath of the epidemic...
January 11, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353022/using-medical-examiner-case-narratives-to-improve-opioid-overdose-surveillance
#9
Emily Hurstak, Christopher Rowe, Caitlin Turner, Emily Behar, Rachel Cabugao, Nikolas P Lemos, Phillip Coffin
BACKGROUND: Current opioid overdose mortality surveillance methods do not capture the complexity of the overdose epidemic. Most rely on death certificates, which may underestimate both opioid analgesic and heroin deaths. Categorizing deaths using other characteristics from the death record including route of drug administration may provide useful information to design and evaluate overdose prevention interventions. METHODS: We reviewed California Electronic Death Reporting System records and San Francisco Office of the Chief Medical Examiner (OCME) toxicology reports and investigative case narratives for all unintentional opioid overdose deaths in San Francisco County from 2006 to 2012...
January 17, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352825/safety-of-electro-medical-equipment-in-floods-in-austere-environment
#10
Zubair Ahmed Khan, Ahsin M Bhatti, Faisal Akhtar
Pakistan is prone to floods. In 2010, floods in North-Western Pakistan caused devastation in wide areas. Electro-medical equipment is very expensive and without proper equipment adequate surgery is not possible. We retrospectively analyzed how expensive electro-medical equipment got damaged during floods of 2010 at a district-level hospital in North-Western Pakistan and how we could have saved this equipment or reduced the damage to the minimum. The article provides the lessons learned and recommendations aimed to prevent or minimize damage to the valuable and expensive equipment in the areas prone to floods...
January 21, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352824/evaluating-the-effect-of-a-clostridium-difficile-infection-prevention-initiative-in-veterans-health-administration-long-term-care-facilities
#11
Maninder B Singh, Martin E Evans, Loretta A Simbartl, Stephen M Kralovic, Gary A Roselle
We evaluated rates of clinically confirmed long-term-care facility-onset Clostridium difficile infections from April 2014 through December 2016 in 132 Veterans Affairs facilities after the implementation of a prevention initiative. The quarterly pooled rate decreased 36.1% from the baseline (P<.0009 for trend) by the end of the analysis period. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2018;1-3.
January 21, 2018: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352706/environmental-conditions-in-health-care-facilities-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-coverage-and-inequalities
#12
Ryan Cronk, Jamie Bartram
Safe environmental conditions and the availability of standard precaution items are important to prevent and treat infection in health care facilities (HCFs) and to achieve Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) targets for health and water, sanitation, and hygiene. Baseline coverage estimates for HCFs have yet to be formed for the SDGs; and there is little evidence describing inequalities in coverage. To address this, we produced the first coverage estimates of environmental conditions and standard precaution items in HCFs in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs); and explored factors associated with low coverage...
January 11, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352598/who-consultation-on-etec-and-shigella-burden-of-disease-geneva-6-7th-april-2017-meeting-report
#13
Divya Hosangadi, Peter G Smith, David C Kaslow, Birgitte K Giersing
According to the 2015 Global Burden of Disease Study, diarrhea ranked ninth among causes of death for all ages, and fourth among children under 5 years old, accounting for an estimated 499,000 deaths in this young age group. It was also the second most common cause of years lived with disability (2.39 billion YLDs). The goal of the WHO/UNICEF Integrated Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Pneumonia and Diarrhea (GAPPD) is to reduce deaths from diarrhea in children under 5 years of age to less than 1 per 1000 live births, by 2025...
January 15, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352401/does-giving-parents-their-choice-of-interventions-for-child-behavior-problems-improve-child-outcomes
#14
Abigail H Gewirtz, Susanne S Lee, Gerald J August, Yaliu He
Empowering consumers to be active decision-makers in their own care is a core tenet of personalized, or precision medicine. Nonetheless, there is a dearth of research on intervention preferences in families seeking interventions for a child with behavior problems. Specifically, the evidence is inconclusive as to whether providing parents with choice of intervention improves child/youth outcomes (i.e., reduces externalizing problems). In this study, 129 families presenting to community mental health clinics for child conduct problems were enrolled in a doubly randomized preference study and initially randomized to choice or no-choice conditions...
January 20, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352399/predictors-of-retention-in-an-alcohol-and-risky-sex-prevention-program-for-homeless-young-adults
#15
Eric R Pedersen, Brett A Ewing, Elizabeth J D'Amico, Jeremy N V Miles, Ann C Haas, Joan S Tucker
Homeless young adults are at risk for alcohol and other drug (AOD) use and risky sexual behavior. Interventions are needed to help these young people reduce their risky behavior, but this population is often difficult to engage and retain in services. We offered a four-session AOD and risky sex reduction program to 100 participants and examined if retention in the program was predicted by a number of factors: demographics, homelessness severity, other service use, AOD behaviors, mental health symptoms, sexual risk behaviors, and readiness to change AOD and condom use...
January 20, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352278/factors-associated-with-cervical-precancerous-lesions-among-women-screened-for-cervical-cancer-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia-a-case-control-study
#16
Hirut Teame, Adamu Addissie, Wondimu Ayele, Selamawit Hirpa, Alem Gebremariam, Gdiom Gebreheat, Ahmedin Jemal
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is the second most prevalent cancer among women in the developing countries including Ethiopia. Precancerous lesions can be developed and risk to the development of cervical cancer over time. Early identification of the precancerous lesion and its risk factor is paramount in preventing cervical cancer. However, the determinants of cervical precancerous lesions are not well documented in Ethiopia. Therefore, this study is conducted to determine factors associated with cervical precancerous lesion among women screened for cervical cancer...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352207/ethanol-sensitizes-hepatocytes-for-tgf-%C3%AE-triggered-apoptosis
#17
Haristi Gaitantzi, Christoph Meyer, Pia Rakoczy, Maria Thomas, Kristin Wahl, Franziska Wandrer, Heike Bantel, Hamed Alborzinia, Stefan Wölfl, Sabrina Ehnert, Andreas Nüssler, Ina Bergheim, Loredana Ciuclan, Matthias Ebert, Katja Breitkopf-Heinlein, Steven Dooley
Alcohol abuse is a global health problem causing a substantial fraction of chronic liver diseases. Abundant TGF-β-a potent pro-fibrogenic cytokine-leads to disease progression. Our aim was to elucidate the crosstalk of TGF-β and alcohol on hepatocytes. Primary murine hepatocytes were challenged with ethanol and TGF-β and cell fate was determined. Fluidigm RNA analyses revealed transcriptional effects that regulate survival and apoptosis. Mechanistic insights were derived from enzyme/pathway inhibition experiments and modulation of oxidative stress levels...
January 19, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352072/sex-and-race-differences-in-lifetime-risk-of-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction-and-heart-failure-with-reduced-ejection-fraction
#18
Ambarish Pandey, Wally Omar, Colby Ayers, Michael LaMonte, Liviu Klein, Norrina Allen, Lewis H Kuller, Philip Greenland, Charles Eaton, John S Gottdiener, Donald Lloyd-Jones, Jarett D Berry
Background -Lifetime risk of heart failure has been estimated to range from 20% to 46% in diverse sex and race groups. However, lifetime risk estimates for the two HF phenotypes, HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) and HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), is not known. Methods -Participant-level data from 2 large prospective cohort studies, the Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS) and the Multiethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA), were pooled excluding individuals with prevalent HF at baseline...
January 19, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352026/addictive-behaviour-in-experimental-animals-prospects-for-translation
#19
REVIEW
Barry J Everitt, Chiara Giuliano, David Belin
Since the introduction of intravenous drug self-administration methodology over 50 years ago, experimental investigation of addictive behaviour has delivered an enormous body of data on the neural, psychological and molecular mechanisms of drug reward and reinforcement and the neuroadaptations to chronic use. Whether or not these behavioural and molecular studies are viewed as modelling the underpinnings of addiction in humans, the discussion presented here highlights two areas-the impact of drug-associated conditioned stimuli-or drug cues-on drug seeking and relapse, and compulsive cocaine seeking...
March 19, 2018: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351899/web-based-survey-application-to-collect-contextually-relevant-geographic-data-with-exposure-times-application-development-and-feasibility-testing
#20
Abby Rudolph, Karin Tobin, Jonathan Rudolph, Carl Latkin
BACKGROUND: Although studies that characterize the risk environment by linking contextual factors with individual-level data have advanced infectious disease and substance use research, there are opportunities to refine how we define relevant neighborhood exposures; this can in turn reduce the potential for exposure misclassification. For example, for those who do not inject at home, injection risk behaviors may be more influenced by the environment where they inject than where they live...
January 19, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
keyword
keyword
22327
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"