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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449387/sustaining-nurse-led-task-shifting-strategies-for-hypertension-control-a-concept-mapping-study-to-inform-evidence-based-practice
#1
Sarah Blackstone, Juliet Iwelunmor, Jacob Plange-Rhule, Joyce Gyamfi, Nana Kofi Quakyi, Micheal Ntim, Gbenga Ogedegbe
BACKGROUND: The use of task-shifting is an increasingly widespread delivery approach for health interventions targeting prevention, treatment, and control of hypertension in adults living in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Addressing a gap in the literature, this research examined the sustainability of an ongoing task-shifting strategy for hypertension (TASSH) from the perspectives of community health nurses (CHNs) implementing the program. METHODS: We used concept-mapping, a mixed-methods participatory approach to understand CHNs' perceptions of barriers and enablers to sustaining a task-shifting program...
April 27, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449319/comparison-of-administrative-and-survey-data-for-estimating-vitamin-a-supplementation-and-deworming-coverage-of-children-under-five-years-of-age-in-sub-saharan-africa
#2
Amynah Janmohamed, David Doledec
OBJECTIVE: To compare administrative coverage data to results from household coverage surveys for vitamin A supplementation (VAS) and deworming campaigns conducted during 2010-2015 in 12 African countries. METHODS: Paired t-tests examined differences between administrative and survey coverage for 52 VAS and 34 deworming dyads. Independent t-tests measured VAS and deworming coverage differences between data sources for door-to-door and fixed-site delivery strategies and VAS coverage differences between 6 to 11 and 12 to 59-month age groups...
April 27, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449285/research-review-childhood-chronic-physical-illness-and-adult-emotional-health-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Ekin Secinti, Ellen J Thompson, Marcus Richards, Darya Gaysina
BACKGROUND: Childhood chronic physical illness is associated with a greater vulnerability for emotional problems (i.e. depression and anxiety) in childhood. However, little is known about life-long effects of childhood chronic physical illness on mental health. The present study aims to systematically review evidence for associations between eight chronic physical illnesses with childhood onset (arthritis, asthma, cancer, chronic renal failure, congenital heart disease, cystic fibrosis, type 1 diabetes, and epilepsy) and adult emotional problems...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449198/systematic-review-of-sex-work-interventions-in-sub-saharan-africa-examining-combination-prevention-approaches
#4
George Awungafac, Therese Delvaux, Bea Vuylsteke
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of HIV and sexually transmitted infections is disproportionately high among sex workers (SW). We aimed to update the evidence on the effectiveness of SW interventions in sub-Saharan Africa and to provide more insights into combination prevention. METHODS: Systematic review following PRISMA guidelines in a search of PUBMED and POPLINE for peer-reviewed literature published between January 1, 2000 and July 22, 2016 (registration number on PROSPERO: CRD42016042529)...
April 27, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449115/estimation-of-state-level-prevalence-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-us-states-and-district-of-columbia-2010
#5
Eli S Rosenberg, Eric W Hall, Patrick S Sullivan, Travis H Sanchez, Kimberly A Workowski, John W Ward, Deborah Holtzman
Background.: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is the most common chronic blood-borne infection in the United States and a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Previous analyses of the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) indicated approximately 3.6 million noninstitutionalized persons with antibody to HCV (anti-HCV). However, state-level prevalence remains less understood and cannot be estimated reliably from NHANES alone. Methods.: We used 3 publicly available government data sources to estimate anti-HCV prevalence in each US state among noninstitutionalized persons aged ≥18 years...
April 26, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449111/migrant-women-living-with-hiv-in-europe-are-they-facing-inequalities-in-the-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-the-european-pregnancy-and-paediatric-hiv-cohort-collaboration-eppicc-study-group-in-eurocoord
#6
G Favarato, H Bailey, F Burns, L Prieto, A Soriano-Arandes, C Thorne
In pregnancy early interventions are recommended for prevention of mother-to-child-transmission (PMTCT) of HIV. We examined whether pregnant women who live with HIV in Europe and are migrants encounter barriers in accessing HIV testing and care. Four cohorts within the European Pregnancy and Paediatric HIV Cohort Collaboration provided data for pooled analysis of 11 795 pregnant women who delivered in 2002-12 across ten European countries. We defined a migrant as a woman delivering in a country different from her country of birth and grouped the countries into seven world regions...
April 25, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449047/what-s-buzzing-on-your-feed-health-authorities-use-of-facebook-to-combat-zika-in-singapore
#7
Santosh Vijaykumar, Rianne Wally Meurzec, Karthikayen Jayasundar, Claudia Pagliari, Yohan Fernandopulle
In 2016, Singapore grappled with one of the largest Zika outbreaks in Southeast Asia. This study examines the use of Facebook for Zika-related outreach by the Ministry of Health (MOH) and the National Environmental Agency (NEA) from March 1, 2015, to September 1, 2016, and public response to this effort. Despite nearly equivalent outreach, MOH's Facebook posts received more likes (µ = 3.49) and shares (µ = 30.11), whereas NEA's posts received more comments (µ = 4.55), with NEA posting mostly on prevention (N = 30) and MOH on situational updates (N = 24)...
April 25, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449014/ethnic-disparities-in-the-use-of-seclusion-for-adult-psychiatric-inpatients-in-new-zealand
#8
Melissa McLeod, Paula King, James Stanley, Cameron Lacey, Ruth Cunningham
AIM: This study aims to investigate disparities in seclusion between Māori and non-Māori non-Pacific (nMnP) adults in mental health inpatient units in New Zealand. METHOD: This study uses data on 7,239 inpatient psychiatric admissions and 782 seclusion events for nine district health boards (servicing 39% of the New Zealand population) for the period 1 July 2008 to 30 June 2010, from a New Zealand Ministry of Health dataset (PRIMHD). We calculate the age-standardised rates of seclusion per monthly inpatient admissions...
April 28, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449013/suicide-mortality-among-pacific-peoples-in-new-zealand-1996-2013
#9
Jemaima Tiatia-Seath, Roy Lay-Yee, Martin von Randow
AIM: The aim of this study was to describe trends in suicide mortality for Pacific peoples in New Zealand by reviewing official data over the period 1996-2013. METHOD: Death registrations where the underlying causes of death were intentional self-harm was examined and area of interest was identified and presented. RESULTS: Over a 17-year period (1996-2013), there were 380 total Pacific suicides (4.1%) out of 9,307 suicides nationally for New Zealand's total population...
April 28, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448965/neuroprotective-treatments-after-perinatal-hypoxic-ischemic-brain-injury-evaluated-with-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy
#10
Hester Rijkje Berger, Eva Brekke, Marius Widerøe, Tora Sund Morken
Perinatal hypoxic-ischemic brain injury is a major health problem. Adjuvant treatments that improve the neuroprotective effect of the current treatment, therapeutic hypothermia, are urgently needed. The growing knowledge about the complex pathophysiology of hypoxia-ischemia (HI) has led to the discovery of several important targets for neuroprotection. Early interventions should focus on the preservation of energy metabolism, the reduction of glutamate excitotoxicity and oxidative stress, the maintenance of calcium homeostasis, and the prevention of apoptosis...
April 28, 2017: Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448942/assessing-knowledge-of-symptoms-and-first-aid-care-of-epilepsy-in-grenada-west-indies
#11
Sean C Cofano, Disep Ojukwu, Natasha Mozumdar, Zainab Raza, Shipra Saigal, Shashank Musku, Safwan Zar, Michael Merolla, Tuula O Jalonen
Epilepsy is a chronic neurological disorder that is increasingly prevalent in developing countries. It is critical to provide appropriate support to patients during seizures in order to prevent injuries. False beliefs regarding the etiology or pathogenesis of the epilepsy and inadequate health information may put patients with epilepsy or other seizure disorders at increased risk of injury. Our objective was to assess the level of epilepsy awareness amongst the general population in Grenada and educate the participants regarding proper first-aid measures...
April 24, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448813/adverse-childhood-experiences-mental-health-and-excessive-alcohol-use-examination-of-race-ethnicity-and-sex-differences
#12
Rosalyn D Lee, Jieru Chen
Responses from N=60,598 interviews from the 2010 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (the 10 states and the District of Columbia that included the optional Adverse Childhood Experience (ACE) module) were used to test whether associations between childhood adversity and adult mental health and alcohol behaviors vary by race/ethnicity and sex. ACE items were categorized into two types - household challenges and child abuse. Outcomes were current depression, diagnosed depression, heavy drinking and binge drinking...
April 24, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448780/integration-strategies-of-pharmacists-in-primary-care-based-accountable-care-organizations-a-report-from-the-accountable-care-organization-research-network-services-and-education
#13
Tina Joseph, Genevieve M Hale, Sara M Eltaki, Yesenia Prados, Renee Jones, Matthew J Seamon, Cynthia Moreau, Stephanie A Gernant
BACKGROUND: The accountable care organization (ACO) is an innovative health care delivery model centered on value-based care. ACOs consisting of primary care providers are increasingly becoming commonplace in practice; however, medication management remains suboptimal. PROGRAM DESCRIPTION: As experts in medication management, pharmacists perform direct patient care and assist in the transition from one provider to another, which places them in an ideal position to manage multiple aspects of patient care...
May 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448698/characteristics-and-risk-factors-for-suicide-and-deaths-among-college-students-a-23-year-serial-prevalence-study-of-data-from-8-2-million-japanese-college-students
#14
Chiyoko Uchida, Mai Uchida
OBJECTIVE: Suicide is a leading cause of death for college students. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors of suicide among college students that could improve university services to help prevent college suicide. METHODS: We conducted a 23-year serial prevalence study of the prevalence and characteristics of death and suicide among 8,262,314 Japanese college students. We analyzed rates of suicide from the 1989 to 1990 academic year through the 2011-2012 academic year and characterized suicide among this population, focusing on students' sex and psychiatric and academic backgrounds to identify risk factors for suicide...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448689/trends-and-factors-associated-with-insomnia-and-sleep-apnea-in-all-united-states-military-service-members-from-2005-to-2014
#15
John A Caldwell, Joseph J Knapik, Harris R Lieberman
Sleep disorders are a critical issue for the military, as they impact operational readiness, personnel health, wellbeing and health-care costs. The incidence of insomnia and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are increasing in the United States civilian population, and rates in military personnel exceed those of civilians. Using a comprehensive database, rates of medical encounters for insomnia and OSA were investigated and their associations with various demographic factors examined in the total US military population [1,381,406 ± 25,123, mean ± standard deviation (SD) personnel per year] from 2005 to 2014...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448611/insights-into-intercontinental-spread-of-zika-virus
#16
Dachao Liang, Ross Ka Kit Leung, Shui Shan Lee, Kai Man Kam
The epidemic of Zika virus (ZIKV) infection in South America has led to World Health Organization's declaration of a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. To further inform effective public health policy, an understanding of ZIKV's transmission mechanisms is crucial. To characterize the intercontinental transmission of ZIKV, we compiled and analyzed more than 250 gene sequences together with their sequence-related geographic and temporal information, sampled across 27 countries spanning from 1947 to 2016...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448596/prevalence-and-complications-of-hypouricemia-in-a-general-population-a-large-scale-cross-sectional-study-in-japan
#17
Masanari Kuwabara, Koichiro Niwa, Akira Ohtahara, Toshihiro Hamada, Satoshi Miyazaki, Einosuke Mizuta, Kazuhide Ogino, Ichiro Hisatome
BACKGROUNDS: Hypouricemia was reported as a risk factor for exercise-induced acute renal injury (EIAKI) and urinary stones. However, the prevalence of kidney diseases among hypouricemic subjects has not been evaluated. This study was conducted to clarify the prevalence of hypouricemia and the association of hypouricemia with kidney diseases by using a large-scale Japanese population data. METHODS: This study is a retrospective cross-sectional study at the Center for Preventive Medicine, St...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448570/disease-burden-for-patients-with-primary-immunodeficiency-diseases-identified-at-reference-hospitals-in-guanajuato-mexico
#18
Eduardo Guaní-Guerra, Ana Isabel Jiménez-Romero, Ulises Noel García-Ramírez, José Manuel Velázquez-Ávalos, Edgar Martínez-Guzmán, Eunice Sandoval-Ramírez, Ignacio Camacho-Meza
BACKGROUND: In addition to the deleterious effect on health, there is considerable economic and psychosocial morbidity associated with primary immunodeficiency diseases (PID). Also, the cost of a late diagnosis frequently results in a heavy disease burden on the patient. The objective of this study was to collect and analyze data on patients with PID in the state of Guanajuato in Mexico, to indirectly estimate the burden of the disease. METHODS: An observational, longitudinal, and comparative study was conducted...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448483/trends-in-repeat-births-and-use-of-postpartum-contraception-among-teens-united-states-2004-2015
#19
Deborah L Dee, Karen Pazol, Shanna Cox, Ruben A Smith, Katherine Bower, Martha Kapaya, Amy Fasula, Ayanna Harrison, Charlan D Kroelinger, Denise D'Angelo, Leslie Harrison, Emilia H Koumans, Nikki Mayes, Wanda D Barfield, Lee Warner
Teen* childbearing (one or more live births before age 20 years) can have negative health, social, and economic consequences for mothers and their children (1). Repeat teen births (two or more live births before age 20 years) can constrain the mother's ability to take advantage of educational and workforce opportunities (2), and are more likely to be preterm or of low birthweight than first teen births (3). Despite the historic decline in the U.S. teen birth rate during 1991-2015, from 61.8 to 22.3 births per 1,000 females aged 15-19 years (4), many teens continue to have repeat births (3)...
April 28, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448481/occupational-fatalities-resulting-from-falls-in-the-oil-and-gas-extraction-industry-united-states-2005-2014
#20
Krystal L Mason, Kyla D Retzer, Ryan Hill, Jennifer M Lincoln
During 2003-2013, fatality rates for oil and gas extraction workers decreased for all causes of death except those associated with fall events, which increased 2% annually during 2003-2013 (1). To better understand risk factors for these events, CDC examined fatal fall events in the oil and gas extraction industry during 2005-2014 using data from case investigations conducted by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). Sixty-three fatal falls were identified, accounting for 15% of all fatal events...
April 28, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
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