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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334405/high-resolution-dental-mri-for-planning-palatal-graft-surgery-a-clinical-pilot-study
#1
Tim Hilgenfeld, Thorsten Kästel, Alexander Heil, Peter Rammelsberg, Sabine Heiland, Martin Bendszus, Franz Sebastian Schwindling
AIM: To evaluate whether high-resolution, non-contrast-enhanced dental MRI can be used for accurate determination of palatal-masticatory-mucosa-thickness (PMMT) and to locate the greater palatal artery (GPA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In five volunteers (4 males, 1 female; mean age 30.2±0.4 years) two independent raters measured PMMT by use of dental MRI in 180 positions. For comparison, clinical bone sounding was performed. The GPA was identified in time-of-flight (TOF) angiography and MSVAT-SPACE-prototype sequence...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334403/soft-tissue-volume-gain-around-dental-implants-using-autogenous-subepithelial-connective-tissue-grafts-harvested-from-the-lateral-palate-or-tuberosity-area-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-study
#2
Ernest Rojo, Giorgio Stroppa, Ignacio Sanz-Martin, Oscar Gonzalez-Martín, Antonio Santos Alemany, José Nart
AIM: To compare the soft tissue volume gain (VG) around single tooth implants with subepithelial connective tissue graft (SCTG) from either the lateral palate (LP) or from the tuberosity area (TA). METHODS: 32 patients with 36 implants with buccal volume deficiencies were randomly assigned to receive SCTG from LP (control group/CG) or TA (test group/TG). Clinical parameters were recorded and volume gain was evaluated by STL image superimposition of 2 intraoral scans (baseline/BL and 3 months after surgery/FU-3)...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333839/-pa%C3%A3-ister-kiuian-syndrome-in-a-mexican-mestizo-patient-case-report
#3
Paola Mendelsberg-Fishbein, Constanza García-Delgado, Linda B Muñoz-Martínez, Maura Robledo-Cayetano, Leonardo J Mejía-Marín, Luis E Martínez-Barrera, Mabel Cerrillo-Hinojosa, Verónica F Moran-Barroso
Pallister-Killian syndrome is caused by a tetrasomy 12p mosaicism and is characterized by facial dysmorphism, pigmentary skin anomalies, congenital heart defects, diaphragmatic hernia, epilepsy and mental retardation. The diagnosis is complex as the cytogenetic analysis in blood is usually normal, requiring karyotyping in other tissues, therefore the clinical suspicion is critical to guide the diagnostic tests and the patient requires an interdisciplinary clinical evaluation regarding the several manifestation of the syndrome...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333838/solitary-median-maxillary-central-incisor-holoprosencephaly-and-congenital-nasal-pyriform-aperture-stenosis-in-a-premature-infant-case-report
#4
Ozkan Ilhan, Yeliz Pekcevik, Sinem Akbay, Senem A Ozdemir, Seyma Memur, Berat Kanar, Ozgur Kirbiyik, Esra A Ozer
Solitary median maxillary central incisor syndrome is a rare disorder involving midline abnormalities such as holoprosencephaly, nasal cavity anomalies, cleft palate-lip, hypotelorism, microcephaly, and panhypopituitarism. Congenital nasal pyriform aperture stenosis is a lethal cause of neonatal respiratory distress due to narrowing of the pyriform aperture anteriorly and it can be confused with choanal atresia. In this report, we present a newborn infant with solitary median maxillary central incisor syndrome accompanied by other abnormalities including holoprosencephaly, nasal pyriform aperture stenosis, microcephaly and panhypopituitarism...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333816/national-health-care-network-for-children-with-oral-clefts-organization-functioning-and-preliminary-outcomes
#5
Agustina Cassinelli, Nadia Pauselli, Agustina Piola, Claudia Martinelli, José L Alves de Azeved, María P Bidondo, Boris Groisman, Pablo Barbero, Rosa Liascovich, Ana Sala
INTRODUCTION: Oral clefts are major congenital anomalies that may affect the lip and/or palate, and that may also involve the nose and nostrils. In Argentina, their prevalence is approximately 15 per 10 000 births. In 2015, the Ministry of Health of Argentina created a national health care network for children with oral clefts in Argentina through the joint work with the National Registry of Congenital Anomalies (Red Nacional de Anomalías Congénitas, RENAC) (coordinating center for the national network) and the SUMAR Program...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333371/use-of-repeat-anterior-maxillary-distraction-to-correct-residual-midface-hypoplasia-in-cleft-patients
#6
Sunil Richardson, Shreya Krishna, Avi Bansal
Objectives: The study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of performing a second, repeat anterior maxillary distraction (AMD) to treat residual cleft maxillary hypoplasia. Materials and Methods: Five patients between the ages of 12 to 15 years with a history of AMD and with residual cleft maxillary hypoplasia were included in the study. Inclusion was irrespective of gender, type of cleft lip and palate, and the amount of advancement needed. Repeat AMD was executed in these patients 4 to 5 years after the primary AMD procedure to correct the cleft maxillary hypoplasia that had developed since the initial procedure...
December 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331408/long-term-craniofacial-morphology-in-young-adults-treated-for-a-non-syndromal-uclp-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Isabelle F P M Kappen, Whitney R Yoder, Aebele B Mink van der Molen, Corstiaan C Breugem
Minimizing mid-facial growth impairment is one of the treatment goals in cleft lip and palate surgery. As growth of the maxilla extends into young adulthood, long-term evaluation is essential to make a comprehensive assessment of a treatment protocol. There are numerous treatment approaches for cleft lip/palate surgery, and most have the characteristic distinction between either an early or a late cleft palate closure. PRISMA guidelines were applied to explore the quality of the current literature and to identify treatment factors influencing long-term cephalometric outcomes...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329674/long-term-esthetic-outcomes-of-patients-with-cleft-lip-and-palate-have-improved-over-time
#8
Romina Brignardello-Petersen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 4, 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329488/genetic-and-molecular-insights-into-genotype-phenotype-relationships-in-osteopathia-striata-with-cranial-sclerosis-oscs-through-the-analysis-of-novel-mouse-wtx-mutant-alleles
#9
Glenda Comai, Agnès Boutet, Kristina Tanneberger, Filippo Massa, Ana-Sofia Rocha, Aurelie Charlet, Clara Panzolini, Fariba Jian Motamedi, Robert Brommage, Wolfgang Hans, Thomas Funck-Brentano, Martin Hrabe de Angelis, Christine Hartmann, Martine Cohen-Solal, Jürgen Behrens, Andreas Schedl
The X-linked WTX/AMER1 protein forms an important component of the β-catenin destruction complex that can both enhance and suppress canonical β-catenin signalling. Somatic mutations in WTX/AMER1 have been found in a proportion of the pediatric kidney cancer Wilms' tumour. By contrast, germline mutations cause the severe sclerosing bone dysplasia osteopathia striata congenita with cranial sclerosis (OSCS), a condition usually associated with fetal or perinatal lethality in male patients. Here we addressed the developmental and molecular function of WTX by generating two novel mouse alleles...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327676/physiological-responses-to-taste-signals-of-functional-food-components
#10
Masataka Narukawa
The functions of food have three categories: nutrition, palatability, and bioregulation. As the onset of lifestyle-related diseases has increased, many people have shown interest in functional foods that are beneficial to bioregulation. We believe that functional foods should be highly palatable for increased acceptance from consumers. In order to design functional foods with a high palatability, we have investigated about the palatability, especially in relation to the taste of food. In this review, we discuss (1) the identification of taste receptors that respond to functional food components; (2) an analysis of the peripheral taste transduction system; and (3) the investigation of the relationship between physiological functions and taste signals...
January 12, 2018: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327098/-rare-tremor-syndromes
#11
REVIEW
J S Becktepe, F Goevert, G Deuschl
BACKGROUND: There is a group of uncommon sporadic tremor syndromes, which are only partially taken into account in the current classification of tremor. Their knowledge is of diagnostic and therapeutic relevance and they should be considered in the differential diagnosis of frequent tremor syndromes. OBJECTIVE: Differential diagnostics and treatment of uncommon tremor syndromes. METHOD: Literature search (PubMed, Google Scholar). RESULTS: Holmes tremor, myorhythmia, palatal tremor, limb-shaking transient ischemic attack (TIA), tardive tremor, neuropathic tremor, tremor induced by peripheral trauma and orthostatic tremor syndrome are described...
January 11, 2018: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326522/fragile-x-syndrome-a-rare-case-report-with-unusual-oral-features
#12
Prayas Ray, Arpanna Singh, Jayanta Kumar Dash, Prasanna Kumar Sahoo, Jitendra Kumar Dash
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is a rare variant of special health-care need demonstrating delayed developmental milestones and associated with intellectual and emotional disabilities ranging from learning problem to mental retardation. The syndrome is usually not diagnosed until 8-9 years of age since the clinical manifestations of the syndrome are greatly attenuated in childhood. The physical characteristics such as facial features, hyperactivity, attention deficit, autistic behavior, and macroorchidism are quite evident in younger age group...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324980/traits-determining-the-digestibility-decomposability-relationships-in-species-from-mediterranean-rangelands
#13
Iris Bumb, Eric Garnier, Sylvain Coq, Johanne Nahmani, Maria Del Rey Granado, Olivier Gimenez, Elena Kazakou
Background and Aims: Forage quality for herbivores and litter quality for decomposers are two key plant properties affecting ecosystem carbon and nutrient cycling. Although there is a positive relationship between palatability and decomposition, very few studies have focused on larger vertebrate herbivores while considering links between the digestibility of living leaves and stems and the decomposability of litter and associated traits. The hypothesis tested is that some defences of living organs would reduce their digestibility and, as a consequence, their litter decomposability, through 'afterlife' effects...
January 6, 2018: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324922/autologous-free-fat-transfer-in-patients-with-velopharyngeal-insufficiency
#14
Pericles Foroglou, Olga Christina Goula, Antonis Tsimponis, Elena Georgiadou, Efterpi Demiri
AIM: To report our initial experience and preliminary results of autologous free fat transfer to improve speech and hypernasality in patients with velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) as a sequela of cleft lip and palate repair. MATERIAL AND METHODS: To date 2 patients with a mean age of 25 years were treated with this method. Both had initially received multiple procedures elsewhere for cleft lip and palate repair. We recorded the number of free fat transfer sessions, anatomical places of placement and volumes injected in-patient stay, occurrence or absence of complications and effectiveness of this operation in terms of clinical speech evaluation, functional velopharyngeal closure measurements and speech improvement percentage by an Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) specialist...
September 2017: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323518/variety-overcomes-the-specificity-of-cue-potentiated-feeding-in-rats
#15
Michael D Kendig, Robert A Boakes, Laura H Corbit
Cue-potentiated feeding (CPF) describes the stimulation of food consumption by cues that have become associated with food. Determining under what Conditions CPF occurs is important to better understand how exposure to food cues contributes to overeating. CPF is typically found to be specific: cues enhance consumption only of the food they have signaled. Further, previous research has focused largely on discrete cues rather than multimodal cues such as a feeding environment. The present experiments paired a "Plus" context with highly palatable food and a "Minus" context with no food or chow in adult female rats...
January 2018: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Animal Learning and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323428/enteral-nutrition-in-the-management-of-crohn-s-disease-reviewing-mechanisms-of-actions-and-highlighting-potential-venues-for-enhancing-the-efficacy
#16
REVIEW
Moftah H Alhagamhmad
Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic condition that affects the gut and has adverse effects on growth and development. There is a global increase in the incidence and prevalence rates, and several factors are believed to contribute to this rise, including dietary habits. In contrast, the use of enteral nutrition (EN) as an exclusive source of nutrition is increasingly becoming the preferred induction treatment of pediatric CD patients in part to address the nutrition complications. However, EN therapy is considered less effective in adults with CD...
January 11, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323129/comparison-of-adaptation-between-the-major-connectors-fabricated-from-intraoral-digital-impressions-and-extraoral-digital-impressions
#17
Ning Gan, Yaye Ruan, Jian Sun, Yaoyang Xiong, Ting Jiao
The objective was to compare the adaptation between the major connectors of removable partial dentures derived from intraoral digital impressions and extraoral digital impressions. Twenty-four volunteers were enrolled. Each volunteer received an intraoral digital impression and one extraoral digital impression digitized from conventional gypsum impression. A software was used to create the major connectors on digital impression datasets. After all the virtual major connectors designed from Group intraoral digital impressions (Group I) and Group extraoral digital impressions (Group E) were directly fabricated by 3D printing technique, the adaptation of the final major connectors in volunteers' mouths were measured...
January 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322637/maternal-exposures-and-risk-of-oral-clefts-in-south-vietnam
#18
Vu H A Dien, Christy M McKinney, Araya Pisek, Waranuch Pitiphat
BACKGROUND: Oral clefts are among the most common congenital anomalies. Most studies on risk factors of oral clefts have been carried out in developed countries. We investigated the associations between maternal exposures in the first trimester and oral clefts in South Vietnam. METHODS: We conducted a hospital-based case-control study during October 2014-November 2015. Cases included 170 patients with nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate and those with cleft palate only...
January 11, 2018: Birth Defects Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318899/influence-of-transmucosal-height-in-abutments-of-single-and-multiple-implant-supported-prostheses-a-non-linear-three-dimensional-finite-element-analysis
#19
Eduardo Borie, Eduardo Leal, Iara Augusta Orsi, Carlos Salamanca, Fernando José Dias, Benjamin Weber
The aim of this study was to analyze the influence of three different transmucosal heights of the abutments in single and multiple implant-supported prostheses through the finite element method. External hexagon implants, MicroUnit, and EsthetiCone abutments were scanned and placed in an edentulous maxillary model obtained from a tomography database. The simulations were divided into two groups: (1) one implant with 3.75 × 10 mm placed in the upper central incisor, simulating a single implant-supported fixed prosthesis with an EsthetiCone abutment; and (2) two implants with 3...
January 10, 2018: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317601/common-basis-for-orofacial-clefting-and-cortical-interneuronopathy
#20
Lydia J Ansen-Wilson, Joshua L Everson, Dustin M Fink, Henry W Kietzman, Ruth Sullivan, Robert J Lipinski
Orofacial clefts (OFCs) of the lip and/or palate are among the most common human birth defects. Current treatment strategies focus on functional and cosmetic repair but even when this care is available, individuals born with OFCs are at high risk for persistent neurobehavioral problems. In addition to learning disabilities and reduced academic achievement, recent evidence associates OFCs with elevated risk for a constellation of psychiatric outcomes including anxiety disorders, autism spectrum disorder, and schizophrenia...
January 10, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
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