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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728364/growth-rate-carcass-characteristics-and-meat-quality-of-growing-lambs-fed-buckwheat-or-maize-silage
#1
Gurhan Keles, Veli Kocaman, Ahmet Onder Ustundag, Asli Zungur, Mursel Ozdogan
Objective: This study evaluated inclusion of buckwheat silage to the diet of growing lambs in terms of meat quality as compared to maize silage. Methods: Buckwheat, rich in total phenols (TP, 33 g/kg dry matter (DM)) harvested at the end of the milk stage and ensiled in 40 kg plastic bags after wilting (294 g/kg silage DM). A total of 18 growing lambs were individually fed isonitrogenous and isoenergetic total mixed rations (TMR) for 75 d that either contains buckwheat or maize silage at DM proportions of 0...
June 27, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727858/association-of-velopharyngeal-insufficiency-with-quality-of-life-and-patient-reported-outcomes-after-speech-surgery
#2
Aditi Bhuskute, Jonathan R Skirko, Christina Roth, Ahmed Bayoumi, Blythe Durbin-Johnson, Travis T Tollefson
Importance: Patients with cleft palate and other causes of velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) suffer adverse effects on social interactions and communication. Measurement of these patient-reported outcomes is needed to help guide surgical and nonsurgical care. Objectives: To further validate the VPI Effects on Life Outcomes (VELO) instrument, measure the change in quality of life (QOL) after speech surgery, and test the association of change in speech with change in QOL...
July 20, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727493/sibilant-production-in-hebrew-speaking-adults-apical-versus-laminal
#3
Michal Icht, Boaz M Ben-David
The Hebrew IPA charts describe the sibilants /s, z/ as 'alveolar fricatives', where the place of articulation on the palate is the alveolar ridge. The point of constriction on the tongue is not defined - apical (tip) or laminal (blade). Usually, speech and language pathologists (SLPs) use the apical placement in Hebrew articulation therapy. Some researchers and SLPs suggested that acceptable /s, z/ could be also produced with the laminal placement (i.e. the tip of the tongue approximating the lower incisors)...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727465/clinical-management-of-type-3-recession-defects-with-immediate-implant-and-provisional-restoration-therapy-a-case-report
#4
Dennis P Tarnow, Stephen J Chu
Type 3 extraction sockets present a unique challenge in that they possess gingival recession indicative of facial hard- and soft-tissue loss. When teeth present with prior disease requiring removal and implant replacement, the treatment strategy incorporates palatal implant positioning as well as proper restorative contour management to compensate for the recession defect, thereby allowing the gingival tissues to heal in the correct 3-dimensional position. This article describes the case of a patient with a nonrestorable maxillary right central incisor with internal resorption...
July 2017: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727116/technical-note-development-of-a-feed-matrix-as-inoculum-in-salmonella-infection-studies-in-piglets
#5
R Litjens, A-K Oudshoorn, P J Roubos-van den Hil
Current methods used for oral administration of pathogens to piglets are stressful for the animals because of fixation and use of inoculation methods such as oral gavage. In the present study an alternative way to challenge piglets with Typhimurium (ST) is investigated. The strategy was to incorporate the in a feed matrix, which is fed to the piglets and eaten voluntary. Different types of feed matrices were tested for their absorption capacity, handling properties, and palatability to piglets. Furthermore, the viability of ST in feed matrices was studied...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727091/endogenous-fat-loss-and-true-total-tract-digestibility-of-poultry-fat-in-adult-dogs
#6
F R Marx, L Trevizan, F M O B Saad, K G Lisenko, J S Reis, A M Kessler
Fat plays an important role in the carnivore diet. It has high digestibility and high energy content and likely improves digestibility of the diet when present in greater amounts, suggesting that endogenous fat adversely affects the apparent digestibility of fat in low-fat diets. This study aimed to determine the endogenous fat loss (EFL) and true total tract digestibility (TTTD) of fat in dogs by using diets having different fat:carbohydrate ratios. Furthermore, the apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) of macronutrients and energy, food intake, fecal output, and stool quality were evaluated...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725453/development-of-an-implementation-intention-based-intervention-to-change-children-s-and-parent-carers-behaviour
#7
Karen Davies, Christopher J Armitage, Yin-Ling Lin, James Munro, Tanya Walsh, Peter Callery
BACKGROUND: Implementation intentions enable individuals to translate good intentions into action. Parents and children can find maintaining oral health difficult, as evidenced by the presence of tooth decay. This is a common condition in children in spite of being preventable through the use of regular tooth brushing, fluoride protection and avoiding sugar intake. Even when parents and children are positive about looking after the teeth, they can face challenges in maintaining consistent habits...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725176/a-potential-animal-model-of-maladaptive-palatable-food-consumption-followed-by-delayed-discomfort
#8
Lital Moshe, Liza Bekker, Aron Weller
Introduction: Binging is the consumption of larger amounts of food in a briefer period of time than would normally be consumed under similar circumstances. Binging requires palatable food (PF) to trigger abnormal eating, probably reflecting gene × environment interactions. In this study we examined the impact of trait binge eating (BE) and its compulsive nature on the conflict between hedonic eating of PF and anticipation of a delayed aversive effect. We used female rats as an animal model similar to other models of BE...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724930/assessment-of-different-techniques-for-3d-superimposition-of-serial-digital-maxillary-dental-casts-on-palatal-structures
#9
Georgios Vasilakos, Roman Schilling, Demetrios Halazonetis, Nikolaos Gkantidis
Serial 3-dimensional dental model superimposition provides a risk-free, detailed evaluation of morphological alterations on a patient's mouth. Here, we evaluated accuracy and precision of five palatal areas, used for superimposition of maxillary 3D digital dental casts. Sixteen pre- and post-orthodontic treatment dental casts of growing patients (median time lapse: 15.1 months) were superimposed on each palatal area using the iterative closest point algorithm. Area A (medial 2/3 of the third rugae and a small area dorsal to them) was considered the gold standard, due to high anatomical stability...
July 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720405/persistent-cognitive-and-morphological-alterations-induced-by-repeated-exposure-of-adolescent-rats-to-the-abused-inhalant-toluene
#10
K M Braunscheidel, J T Gass, P J Mulholland, S B Floresco, J J Woodward
While thepsychoactive inhalant toluene causes behavioral effects similarto those produced by other drugs of abuse, the persistent behavioral and anatomical abnormalities induced by toluene exposure are not well known. To mimic human "binge-like" inhalant intoxication, adolescent, male Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed to toluene vapor (57000 ppm) twice daily for five consecutive days. These rats remained in their home cages until adulthood (P60), when they were trained in operant boxes to respond to a palatable food reward and then challenged with several different cognitive tasks...
July 15, 2017: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720377/sucrose-and-fat-content-significantly-affects-palatable-food-consumption-in-adolescent-male-and-female-rats
#11
Christine M Tenk, Tina Felfeli
Hyperpalatable foods are highly pleasurable and possess a heightened capacity to stimulate eating. Adolescents appear especially vulnerable to hyperpalatable foods. These foods are typically high in sugar, fat, or both, but the specific elements that underlie their increased consumption are still not clearly understood. Combinations of high fat and high sugar may particularly intensify overeating. Animal models allow investigation of the consumption of these foods separately from many of the environmental and psychological influences that impact eating in humans...
July 15, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719580/central-insulin-modulates-food-valuation-via-mesolimbic-pathways
#12
Lena J Tiedemann, Sebastian M Schmid, Judith Hettel, Katrin Giesen, Paul Francke, Christian Büchel, Stefanie Brassen
Central insulin is thought to act at the neural interface between metabolic and hedonic drives to eat. Here, using pharmacological fMRI, we show that intranasal insulin (INI) changes the value of food cues through modulation of mesolimbic pathways. Overnight fasted participants rated the palatability of food pictures and attractiveness of non-food items (control) after receiving INI or placebo. We report that INI reduces ratings of food palatability and value signals in mesolimbic regions in individuals with normal insulin sensitivity...
July 18, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718208/quantification-of-nasal-airflow-resistance-in-english-bulldogs-using-computed-tomography-and-computational-fluid-dynamics
#13
Eric T Hostnik, Brian A Scansen, Rachel Zielinski, Samir N Ghadiali
Stenotic nares, edematous intranasal turbinates, mucosal swelling, and an elongated, thickened soft palate are common sources of airflow resistance for dogs with brachycephalic airway syndrome. Surgery has focused on enlarging the nasal apertures and reducing tissue of the soft palate. However, objective measures of surgical efficacy are lacking. Twenty-one English bulldogs without previous surgery were recruited for this prospective, pilot study. Computed tomography was performed using conscious sedation and without endotracheal intubation using a 128 multidetector computed tomography scanner...
July 17, 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717303/preservation-of-the-vascularised-nasal-lining-during-palatal-fenestration-procedures-a-simple-2-step-technique
#14
Ketan C Shah, Leo Stassen, Harpal Singh Flora
PROBLEM: During palatal fenestration procedure the vascularised, respiratory nasal lining is often sacrificed inadvertently. It normally functions to keep the inhaled air warm, humid and dust free. CONCLUSION: This vascularised nasal lining when uninvolved oncologically can easily be preserved. Preservation of the vascularised nasal lining shall decrease the leakage of nasal secretions and aid in the healing of reconstruction of the defect when local or regional flaps are used...
September 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716608/opioidergic-and-dopaminergic-modulation-of-cost-benefit-decision-making-in-long-evans-rats
#15
Ileana Morales, Paul J Currie, Timothy D Hackenberg, Raúl Pastor
Eating disorders are associated with impaired decision-making and dysfunctional reward-related neurochemistry. The present study examined the potential contributions of dopamine and opioid signaling to these processes using two different decision-making tasks. In one task, Long Evans Rats chose between working for a preferred food (high-carbohydrate banana-flavored sucrose pellets) by lever pressing on a progressive-ratio schedule of reinforcement vs. obtaining less preferred laboratory chow that was concurrently available...
July 14, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716474/cone-beam-computed-tomography-evaluation-of-midpalatal-suture-maturation-in-adults
#16
F Angelieri, L Franchi, L H S Cevidanes, J R Gonçalves, M Nieri, L M Wolford, J A McNamara
The aim of this study was to evaluate midpalatal suture maturation in adults, as observed in cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images. CBCT scans from 78 subjects (64 female and 14 male, age range from 18 to 66 years) were evaluated. Midpalatal suture maturation was verified on the central cross-sectional axial slice in the superior-inferior dimension of the palate, using methods validated previously. Intra-examiner agreement was analyzed by weighted kappa test. Multinomial logistic regression was used to test whether sex and chronological age (adults <30 years or ≥30 years) could be used as a predictor for the maturational stages of the midpalatal suture...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716358/the-ability-of-lizards-to-identify-an-artificial-batesian-mimic
#17
Josef Beneš, Petr Veselý
Birds are usually considered the main predators shaping the evolution of aposematic signals and mimicry. Nevertheless, some lizards also represent predominately visually oriented predators, so they may also play an important role in the evolution of aposematism. Despite this fact, experimental evidence regarding the responses of lizards to aposematic prey is very poor compared to such evidence in birds. Lizards possess very similar sensory and cognitive abilities to those of birds and their response to aposematic prey may thus be affected by very similar processes...
June 3, 2017: Zoology: Analysis of Complex Systems, ZACS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715092/the-origins-of-oral-medicine-in-the-hippocratic-collected-works
#18
REVIEW
Helen Askitopoulou, Vasileia Nyktari, Alexandra Papaioannou, Georgios Stefanakis, Elina Konsolaki
The collected works of Hippocrates describe for the first time in a systematic way a large number of oral diseases, such as ulcers, inflammations, abscesses and tumours from the epiglottis, mouth, tongue, palate, uvula and the sublingual area. Several of these case reports are remarkable for the accurate observation of clinical symptoms and signs, the aetiology, the pathogenesis and their therapeutic approach in relation to prognosis. The Hippocratic authors report cases of 'aphthae' as part of a polysystemic disease, described many centuries later by Behçet and Adamantiades, while they associate features of splenomegaly from endemic malaria with gingivitis ('ulitis')...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714631/-velopharyngeal-insufficiency-in-children
#19
Anthony De Buys Roessingh, Oumama El Ezzi, Céline Richard, Céline Béguin, Chantal Zbinden-Trichet, Giorgio La Scala, Igor Leuchter
Velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) represents an incomplete closure between the soft palate and the posterior pharyngeal wall. Its etiology can be anatomical (cleft palate), neurologic, or iatrogenic (after adenoidectomy). The evaluation of a VPI begins with a through speech and language assessment and can be complemented by instrumental investigations. VPI treatment relies on its early identification, followed by a specific speech therapy management. Surgery is performed in case of no improvement with speech therapy or in case of an anatomical defect not allowing the child to improve...
February 15, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713967/involvement-of-notch2-in-all%C3%A2-trans-retinoic-acid%C3%A2-induced-inhibition-of-mouse-embryonic-palate-mesenchymal-cell-proliferation
#20
Yadong Zhang, Shiyi Dong, Jianning Wang, Miao Wang, Mu Chen, Hongzhang Huang
Cleft palate is among the most common congenital disorders, and can be induced by exposure to all‑trans retinoic acid (atRA) during mice and human embryogenesis. However, the mechanism underlying the implication of atRA in the development of cleft palate has yet to be elucidated. In the present study, atRA administered by gavage resulted in formation of a cleft palate in 99% of treated C57BL/6 mice. Notch2 was revealed to be upregulated in mouse embryonic palate mesenchymal (MEPM) cells in the atRA‑treated group compared with untreated control mice between embryonic day (E)12...
July 6, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
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