keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Palate

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791686/extruded-upper-first-molar-intrusion-comparison-between-unilateral-and-bilateral-miniscrew-anchorage
#1
Mari Miura Sugii, Bruno de Castro Ferreira Barreto, Waldemir Francisco Vieira-Júnior, Katia Regina Izola Simone, Ataís Bacchi, Ricardo Armini Caldas
OBJECTIVE: The aim of his study was to evaluate the stress on tooth and alveolar bone caused by orthodontic intrusion forces in a supraerupted upper molar, by using a three-dimensional Finite Element Method (FEM). METHODS: A superior maxillary segment was modeled in the software SolidWorks 2010 (SolidWorks Corporation, Waltham, MA, USA) containing: cortical and cancellous bone, supraerupted first molar, periodontal tissue and orthodontic components. A finite element model has simulated intrusion forces of 4N onto a tooth, directed to different mini-screw locations...
January 2018: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791566/cytidine-phosphate-guanosine-oligodeoxynucleotides-in-combination-with-cd40-ligand-decrease-periodontal-inflammation-and-alveolar-bone-loss-in-a-tlr9-independent-manner
#2
Qian Zhao, Yang Hu, Shu Deng, Pei Yu, Bowen Chen, Zuomin Wang, Xiaozhe Han
Local administration of toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9), agonist cytidine-phosphate-guanosine oligodeoxynucleotide (CpG ODNs), and CD40 ligand (CD40L) can decrease ligature-induced periodontal inflammation and bone loss in wild type (WT) mouse. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore whether such effect is dependent on TLR9 signaling. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Purified spleen B cells isolated from WT C57BL/6J mice and TLR9 knockout (KO) mice were cultured for 48 hours under the following conditions: CD40L, CpG+CD40L, CpG at low, medium and high doses...
2018: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790429/effects-of-rapid-palatal-expansion-rpe-and-twin-block-mandibular-advancement-device-mad-on-pharyngeal-structures-in-class-ii-pediatric-patients-from-cluj-napoca-romania
#3
Ovidiu Dănuţ Rădescu, Horațiu Alexandru Colosi, Silviu Albu
OBJECTIVE: To compare cephalometric changes of pharyngeal structures after rapid palatal expansion (RPE) with those induced by a twin block mandibular advancement device (MAD) with palatal expansion capability. METHODS: This retrospective study investigated 55 Class II pediatric patients, divided into two groups: 29 patients treated with RPE and 26 patients treated with MAD. Lateral cephalometric measurements were compared before and after treatment. RESULTS: Changes in pharyngeal airway space were statistically significant in both groups (p < 0...
May 23, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790307/necrotising-sialometaplasia-a-diagnostic-perplexity-an-innocent-entity-to-malignant-masquerade
#4
Neeti Swarup, Meghanand T Nayak, Zoya Chowdhary, S Chandarani
Necrotising Sialometaplasia is a benign self limiting reactive condition of major and minor salivary glands, which can arouse suspicion for malignancy, clinically and histopathologically. Here, we report a case of 38-year-old female with a painful ulcer on the palate. The case enlightens the importance of clinicopathologic correlation and diligent follow up in diagnosis and management of the case.
May 2018: Journal of Experimental Therapeutics & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788402/internationally-adopted-children-not-only-infectious-diseases
#5
Camilla Totaro, Barbara Bortone, Pasqua Putignano, Sara Sollai, Luisa Galli, Maurizio de Martino, Elena Chiappini
Information on prevalence of special needs in internationally adopted children (IAC) is incomplete. We reviewed data from 422 IAC screened at a single Centre in Italy in 2015-16. Prevalence of special needs reached 17.1% (n = 72). Among these children, the most frequent conditions were fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD; n = 30; 7.1%), cleft lip palate (n = 8; 1.9%) and other congenital malformations (n = 20; 4.7%). Worrisomely, 25 out of 52 (48.1%) Russian children presented with FASD.
January 1, 2018: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787830/the-utility-of-event-related-potentials-erps-in-understanding-food-related-cognition-a-systematic-review-and-recommendations
#6
REVIEW
Kaylie A Carbine, Rebekah Rodeback, Erin Modersitzki, Marshall Miner, James D LeCheminant, Michael J Larson
Daily dietary decisions have the potential to impact our physical, mental, and emotional health. Event-related potentials (ERPs) can provide insight into cognitive processes, such as attention, working memory, and inhibitory control, that may influence the food-related decisions we make on a daily basis. We conducted a systematic review of the food-related cognition and ERP research in order to summarize the extant literature, identify future research questions, synthesize how food-related ERP components relate to eating habits and appetite, and demonstrate the utility of ERPs in examining food-related cognition...
May 19, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787770/lateral-hypothalamic-orexin-glucose-inhibited-neurons-may-regulate-reward-based-feeding-by-modulating-glutamate-transmission-in-the-ventral-tegmental-area
#7
Suraj B Teegala, Zhenyu Sheng, Miloni S Dalal, Pamela R Hirschberg, Kevin D Beck, Vanessa H Routh
Glucose inhibits ∼60% of lateral hypothalamic (LH) orexin neurons. Fasting increases the activation of LH orexin glucose-inhibited (GI) neurons in low glucose. Increases in spontaneous glutamate excitatory postsynaptic currents (sEPSCs) onto putative VTA DA neurons in low glucose are orexin dependent (Sheng et al., 2014). VTA DA neurons modulate reward-based feeding (Aston-Jones et al., 2010). We tested the hypothesis that increased activation of LH orexin-GI neurons in low glucose increases glutamate signaling onto VTA DA neurons and contributes to reward-based feeding in food restricted animals...
May 19, 2018: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787302/orthodontic-surgical-approach-for-treating-skeletal-class-iii-malocclusion-with-severe-maxillary-deficiency-in-isolated-cleft-palate
#8
Kohei Nakatsugawa, Hiroshi Kurosaka, Kiyomi Mihara, Susumu Tanaka, Tomonao Aikawa, Mikihiko Kogo, Takashi Yamashiro
Orthodontic treatment in patients with orofacial cleft such as cleft lip and palate or isolated cleft palate is challenging, especially when the patients exhibit severe maxillary growth retardation. To correct this deficiency, maxillary expansion and protraction can be performed in the first phase of orthodontic treatment. However, in some cases, the malocclusion cannot be corrected by these procedures, and thus, skeletal discrepancy remains when the patients are adolescents. These remaining problems occasionally require various orthognathic treatments according to the degree of the discrepancy...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786143/impact-of-commensal-flora-on-periodontal-immune-response-to-lipopolysaccharide
#9
Daiki Fukuhara, Koichiro Irie, Yoko Uchida, Kota Kataoka, Kentaro Akiyama, Daisuke Ekuni, Takaaki Tomofuji, Manabu Morita
BACKGROUND: Commensal flora are involved in the appropriate development of the mature immune system. However, it is unclear how commensal flora contribute to immune responses against periodontal pathogens, including the response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the expression of immune responses after topical application of LPS in germ-free (GF) and specific-pathogen-free (SPF) mice. METHODS: GF and SPF mice at 8 weeks of age were randomly divided into four groups each: a baseline group (n = 4/group) and three experimental groups (n = 6/group)...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782331/management-challenges-in-an-infant-with-pentalogy-of-cantrell-giant-anterior-encephalocele-and-craniofacial-anomalies-a-case-report
#10
Richard Hubbard, Seth Hayes, Holly Gillis, Spencer Lindsey, Prashant Malhotra, Tariq Wani, Joseph D Tobias, Ralph Beltran
Pentalogy of Cantrell is a rare syndrome consisting of midline abnormalities involving the heart, sternum, abdominal wall, and the anterior and pericardial diaphragm. This combination of defects places patients at particular perioperative risk and requires individualized management during anesthetic care. The following report documents the management of a patient with pentalogy of Cantrell, whose condition was further complicated by severe midline craniofacial abnormalities, including large anterior encephalocele, deficient mandible, tethered tongue, and cleft palate...
May 17, 2018: A&A practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782280/-left-ventricular-systolic-dysfunction-in-young-subjects-with-marfanoid-habitus
#11
E V Timofeev, E G Malev, E V Zemtsovskiy
BACKGROUND: In Marfan syndrome early impairment of left ventricular systolic function has been reported. Our aim was to evaluate the left ventricular systolic function in young adults with Marfanoid habitus (MH) (includes arachnodactylia, dolichostenomelia, high palate, deformations of the thorax). METHODS: We studied 137 young subjects (mean age 21.3±1.5) - 58 male, 79 female. Transthoracic echocardiography (Vivid 7 Dimension, GE) was performed in 24 asymptomatic MH with excluded Marfan syndrome and 42 healthy control subjects...
2018: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782042/effect-of-tongue-palate-contact-mode-on-food-transport-during-mastication
#12
Tomoko Iizumi, Mariko Yoshino, Hitoshi Kagaya, Kazuhiro Hori, Takahiro Ono
The physiological mechanisms underlying Stage II transport (STII), during which comminuted solid food is transported from the oral cavity into the meso-pharynx for aggregation into a pre-swallow bolus, have yet to be clarified. The purpose of the present study was to investigate relationships between tongue-palate contact during mastication and incidence of STII by synchronized analysis of tongue pressure production on a hard palate and video-endoscopic (VE) images during mastication. Tongue pressure at 5 measuring points with an ultra-thin sensor sheet attached to the hard palate and trans-nasal VE images while masticating corned beef was recorded for 12 healthy subjects...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781768/guided-bone-regeneration-and-implant-placement-in-association-with-a-coronally-positioned-palatal-sliding-flap-a-17-year-follow-up-case-report
#13
Carlo Maiorana, Pier Paolo Poli, Mario Beretta
The aim of the present case report was to show the 17-year hard and soft tissues stability of guided bone regeneration procedure associated with dental implants insertion. A 52-year-old male patient presented with a partial edentulism in the upper right maxilla. A graft consisting of deproteinized bovine bone mineral and autogenous bone stabilized by a non-resorbable expanded polytetrafluoroethylene membrane was used to reconstruct the missing bone applying the biological principles of guided bone regeneration...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781722/survey-of-north-american-multidisciplinary-cleft-palate-and-craniofacial-team-clinic-administration
#14
Kristin D Pfeifauf, Kamlesh B Patel, Alison Snyder-Warwick, Gary B Skolnick, Sibyl Scheve, Sybill D Naidoo
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to provide an understanding of the ways cleft palate (CP) and craniofacial teams address billing, administration, communication of clinical recommendations, appointment scheduling, and diagnosis-specific protocols. DESIGN: An online clinic administration survey was developed using data from an open-ended telephone questionnaire. The online survey was distributed by e-mail to the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association (ACPA) nurse coordinator electronic mailing list, used regularly by the ACPA and its members to communicate with teams...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780300/encoding-of-sucrose-s-palatability-in-the-nucleus-accumbens-shell-and-its-modulation-by-exteroceptive-auditory-cues
#15
Miguel Villavicencio, Mario G Moreno, Sidney A Simon, Ranier Gutierrez
Although the palatability of sucrose is the primary reason for why it is over consumed, it is not well understood how it is encoded in the nucleus accumbens shell (NAcSh), a brain region involved in reward, feeding, and sensory/motor transformations. Similarly, untouched are issues regarding how an external auditory stimulus affects sucrose palatability and, in the NAcSh, the neuronal correlates of this behavior. To address these questions in behaving rats, we investigated how food-related auditory cues modulate sucrose's palatability...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779274/-outcome-and-influential-factors-of-speech-therapy-delivered-to-cleft-patients-with-post-operative-velopharyngeal-competence
#16
Chun-Li Guo, Heng Yin, Jing-Tao Li, Cheng-Hao Li, Yang Li, Bing Shi, Qian Zheng
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the training technique, intervention timing, and other related factors involved in the speech therapy delivered to cleft patients with velopharyngeal competence after surgery. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on 32 patients who received phonology-articulation speech therapies during 2012 to 2013 in Dept. of Cleft Lip and Palate, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University. All patients achieved normal speech one year after therapy...
April 1, 2018: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779269/-the-applications-of-periodontal-gingival-surgery-%C3%A2-alternative-materials
#17
Er-Jia Mao
The main purposes of periodontal graft surgery include achieving root coverage, improving the clinical attachment level and keratinized tissue, and advancing the procedure of periodontal plastic surgery. Autogenous graft, such as subepithelial connective tissue graft-based procedure, provide the best outcomes for mean and complete root coverage, as well as increase in keratinized tissue. However, a disadvantage of the procedure is in the location of the operation itself: the additional surgical site (palate)...
April 1, 2018: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778945/self-administration-of-the-synthetic-cathinone-mpdv-enhances-reward-function-via-a-nicotinic-receptor-dependent-mechanism
#18
Jean R Geste, Marjory Pompilus, Marcelo Febo, Adriaan W Bruijnzeel
Methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV) is an addictive synthetic drug with severe side effects. Previous studies have shown that MDPV has positive reinforcing properties. However, little is known about the effect of MDPV self-administration on the state of the brain reward system and the neuronal mechanisms by which MDPV mediates its effects. The goal of the present studies was to determine the effect of MDPV self-administration on reward function and the role of cholinergic neurotransmission in the reinforcing effects of MDPV...
May 9, 2018: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778623/hypothesis-driven-versus-hypothesis-free-approaches-to-the-identification-of-genes-for-cleft-lip-and-palate
#19
Alexandre R Vieira
Much progress has been made in understanding the genetic contributions to isolated forms of cleft lip and palate, however this effort is yet to be translated to enhanced genetic counseling or prevention strategies. Interest in the topic was renewed with the ability to perform genome-wide genotyping and after a few of those relatively larger scale studies, many are considering more targeted efforts and to focus on specific genes and/or loci. Here we discuss this crossroad and suggest targeted approaches and rethought clinical descriptions are a better way to move the field forward...
May 16, 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778005/impact-on-the-physical-and-sensory-properties-of-salt-and-fat-reduced-traditional-irish-breakfast-sausages-on-various-age-cohorts-acceptance
#20
Paula M Conroy, Maurice G O'Sullivan, Ruth M Hamill, Joseph P Kerry
The properties of varying salt and fat levels in traditional breakfast sausages were investigated. Sausages were produced with fat levels of: 30%, 20% and 15%. Fat was replaced with pea extract. Salt levels employed were: 2.5%, 1.1% and 0.0%. A reduced sodium salt which contains 45% less sodium than standard salt was used. Sensory analysis was conducted on consumers (n = 228): 18-40 yrs., 41-64 yrs. and 65-85 yrs. The 18-40 yr. olds preferred sausages containing 20% fat, 41-64 yr. olds preferred sausages with 15% fat, 65+ age group preferred sausages containing 30% fat...
May 2, 2018: Meat Science
keyword
keyword
22326
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"