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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428721/proposed-criteria-to-differentiate-heterogeneous-eosinophilic-gastrointestinal-disorders-of-the-esophagus-including-eosinophilic-esophageal-myositis
#1
Hiroki Sato, Nao Nakajima, Kazuya Takahashi, Go Hasegawa, Ken-Ichi Mizuno, Satoru Hashimoto, Satoshi Ikarashi, Kazunao Hayashi, Yutaka Honda, Junji Yokoyama, Yuichi Sato, Shuji Terai
AIM: To define clinical criteria to differentiate eosinophilic gastrointestinal disorder (EoGD) in the esophagus. METHODS: Our criteria were defined based on the analyses of the clinical presentation of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE), subepithelial eosinophilic esophagitis (sEoE) and eosinophilic esophageal myositis (EoEM), identified by endoscopy, manometry and serum immunoglobulin E levels (s-IgE), in combination with histological and polymerase chain reaction analyses on esophageal tissue samples...
April 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423139/trend-of-leprosy-in-individuals-under-the-age-of-15-in-mato-grosso-brazil-2001-2013
#2
Bruna Hinnah Borges Martins de Freitas, Denise da Costa Boamorte Cortela, Silvana Margarida Benevides Ferreira
OBJECTIVE: To identify the historical trend of leprosy epidemiological indicators in individuals under the age of 15 in the state of Mato Grosso. METHODS: Descriptive study with trend analysis of leprosy indicators in individuals under the age of fifteen registered in the Mato Grosso's System for Notifiable Diseases between 2001 and 2013. We used the Prais-Winsten procedure for analyzing generalized linear regression at a significance level of 5%. We considered as increasing time series when the annual percent change was positive, decreasing when negative and stationary when there was no significant difference between its value and zero...
April 10, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423138/intimate-partner-violence-and-maternal-educational-practice
#3
Josianne Maria Mattos da Silva, Marília de Carvalho Lima, Ana Bernarda Ludermir
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to analyze the association between intimate partner violence against women and maternal educational practice directed to children at the beginning of formal education. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study, carried out between 2013 and 2014, with 631 mother/child pairs, registered in the Family Health Strategy of the Health District II of the city of Recife, State of Pernambuco, Brazil. It integrates a prospective cohort study designed to investigate the consequences of exposure to intimate partner violence in relation to the child who was born between 2005 and 2006...
April 10, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423137/psychometric-properties-of-the-vulnerability-to-abuse-screening-scale-for-screening-abuse-of-older-adults
#4
Raquel Batista Dantas, Graziella Lage Oliveira, Andréa Maria Silveira
OBJECTIVE: Adapt and evaluate the psychometric properties of the Vulnerability to Abuse Screening Scale to identify risk of domestic violence against older adults in Brazil. METHODS: The instrument was adapted and validated in a sample of 151 older adults from a geriatric reference center in the municipality of Belo Horizonte, State of Minas Gerais, in 2014. We collected sociodemographic, clinical, and abuse-related information, and verified reliability by reproducibility in a sample of 55 older people, who underwent re-testing of the instrument seven days after the first application...
April 10, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423134/infant-mortality-by-color-or-race-from-rond%C3%A3-nia-brazilian-amazon
#5
Caroline Gava, Andrey Moreira Cardoso, Paulo Cesar Basta
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the quality of records for live births and infant deaths and to estimate the infant mortality rate for skin color or race, in order to explore possible racial inequalities in health. METHODS: Descriptive study that analyzed the quality of records of the Live Births Information System and Mortality Information System in Rondônia, Brazilian Amazonian, between 2006-2009. The infant mortality rates were estimated for skin color or race with the direct method and corrected by: (1) proportional distribution of deaths with missing data related to skin color or race; and (2) application of correction factors...
April 10, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422974/variation-in-benthic-long-term-data-of-transitional-waters-is-interpretation-more-than-speculation
#6
Michael Lothar Zettler, René Friedland, Mayya Gogina, Alexander Darr
Biological long-term data series in marine habitats are often used to identify anthropogenic impacts on the environment or climate induced regime shifts. However, particularly in transitional waters, environmental properties like water mass dynamics, salinity variability and the occurrence of oxygen minima not necessarily caused by either human activities or climate change can attenuate or mask apparent signals. At first glance it very often seems impossible to interpret the strong fluctuations of e.g. abundances or species richness, since abiotic variables like salinity and oxygen content vary simultaneously as well as in apparently erratic ways...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421299/compared-effects-of-calcium-and-sodium-polystyrene-sulfonate-on-mineral-and-bone-metabolism-and-volume-overload-in-pre-dialysis-patients-with-hyperkalemia
#7
Yosuke Nakayama, Kaoru Ueda, Sho-Ichi Yamagishi, Miki Sugiyama, Chika Yoshida, Yuka Kurokawa, Nao Nakamura, Tomofumi Moriyama, Goh Kodama, Tomohisa Minezaki, Sakuya Ito, Akiko Nagata, Kensei Taguchi, Junko Yano, Yusuke Kaida, Kazutaka Shibatomi, Kei Fukami
BACKGROUND: Hyperkalemia is prevalent in end-stage renal disease patients, being involved in life-threatening arrhythmias. Although polystyrene sulfonate (PS) is commonly used for the treatment of hyperkalemia, direct comparison of effects between calcium and sodium PS (CPS and SPS) on mineral and bone metabolism has not yet been studied. METHODS: In a randomized and crossover design, 20 pre-dialysis patients with hyperkalemia (>5 mmol/l) received either oral CPS or SPS therapy for 4 weeks...
April 18, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421270/climate-variability-impacts-on-rainfed-cereal-yields-in-west-and-northwest-iran
#8
Milad Nouri, Mehdi Homaee, Mohammad Bannayan
In order to assess the response of wheat and barley to climate variability, the correlation between variations of yields with local and global climate variables was investigated in west and northwest Iran over 1982-2013. The global climate variables were the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO), Arctic Oscillation (AO), and North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) signals. Further, minimum (T min), maximum (T max), and mean (T mean) temperature, diurnal temperature range (DTR), precipitation, and reference evapotranspiration (ET0) was used as local weather factors...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420837/clinical-characteristics-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-achieving-functional-remission-with-six-months-of-biological-dmards-treatment
#9
Yusuke Miwa, Ryo Takahashi, Yuzo Ikari, Airi Maeoka, Shinichiro Nishimi, Nao Oguro, Tomoki Hayashi, Mika Hatano, Sakiko Isojima, Ryo Yanai, Tsuyoshi Kasama, Yoichi Toyoshima, Katsunori Inagaki, Kenji Sanada
Objective Although previous studies have reported the prognostic factors for functional remission, no reports have cited the predictive factors. Our aim was to study the predictive factors for functional remission, which is a treatment goal in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), after receiving biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDs) treatment for six months. Methods The study consisted of 333 RA patients treated with bDMARDs for six months. The following patient characteristics were investigated: age, gender, disease duration, type of bDMARDs, baseline steroid and methotrexate dosage, and levels of serum rheumatoid factor, matrix metalloprotease, anti-cyclic citrullinated peptides antibody, tumor necrosis factor-α, and interleukin-6...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418580/effect-of-surfactant-species-and-electrophoretic-medium-composition-on-the-electrophoretic-behavior-of-neutral-and-water-insoluble-linear-synthetic-polymers-in-nonaqueous-capillary-zone-electrophoresis
#10
Nao Fukai, Shinya Kitagawa, Hajime Ohtani
We have recently demonstrated the separation of neutral and water-insoluble linear synthetic polymers in non-aqueous capillary zone electrophoresis (NACZE) using a cationic surfactant of cetyltrimethylammonium chloride (CTAC). In this study, eight ionic surfactants were investigated for the separation of four synthetic polymers (polystyrene, polymethylmethacrylates, polybutadiene, and polycarbonate); only three surfactants (CTAC, dimethyldioctadecylammonium bromide, and sodium dodecylsulfate) caused their separation...
April 18, 2017: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416778/steroid-pulse-therapy-for-de-novo-minimal-change-disease-during-pregnancy
#11
Hiroshi Sato, Yuna Asami, Reona Shiro, Masato Aoki, Miki Yasuda, Saeko Imai, Rie Sakai, Kenji Oida, Kanako Kawaharamura, Hiroko Yano, Nao Taguchi, Takako Suzuki, Masaya Hirose
BACKGROUND Nephrotic syndrome occurs very rarely, in only about 0.01%-0.02% of all pregnancies, and de novo minimal change disease during pregnancy is especially rare. Nephrotic syndrome and, especially, minimal change disease are highly responsive to steroids, and preterm labor may be avoidable if the maternal condition is improved with steroid therapy. Therefore, prompt diagnosis and proper management are critical to maternal and fetal outcome when severe proteinuria occurs during pregnancy. CASE REPORT A 30-year-old pregnant Japanese woman presented with systemic edema, oliguria, and severe proteinuria and hypoalbuminemia at 25 weeks of gestation, although she was normotensive...
April 18, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410967/involvement-of-alpha-and-beta-adrenoceptors-in-the-automaticity-of-the-isolated-guinea-pig-pulmonary-vein-myocardium
#12
Masahiko Irie, Yayoi Tsuneoka, Mariko Shimobayashi, Nao Hasegawa, Yusuke Tanaka, Soh Mochizuki, Sho Ichige, Shogo Hamaguchi, Iyuki Namekata, Hikaru Tanaka
We examined the involvement of adrenoceptors in the automaticity of the pulmonary vein myocardium, which probably plays a crucial role in the generation of atrial fibrillation. The automatic activity of the myocardium in guinea pig pulmonary vein tissue preparations were monitored by contractile force or membrane potential measurement. In quiescent preparations, application of noradrenaline induced an automatic activity. The firing frequency was reduced by prazosin or atenolol. Methoxamine induced an automatic activity of low frequency, which was accelerated by further application of isoproterenol...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410565/intensity-of-singular-stress-fields-of-wedge-shaped-defect-in-human-tooth-due-to-occlusal-force-before-and-after-restoration-with-composite-resins
#13
Ker-Kong Chen, Nao-Aki Noda, Kiyoshi Tajima, Yoshikazu Sano, Yasushi Takase
Wedge-shaped defects are frequently observed on the cervical region of the human tooth. Previously, most studies explained that improper tooth-brushing causes such defects. However, recent clinical observation suggested that the repeated stress due to occlusal force may induce the formation of these wedge-shaped defects. In this study, therefore, two-dimensional human tooth models are considered with and without a wedge-shaped defect by applying the finite element method. To evaluate large stress concentrations accurately, a method of analysis is discussed in terms of the intensity of singular stress fields appearing at the tip of the sharp wedge-shaped defect...
April 1, 2017: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405130/mechanism-underlying-linezolid-induced-thrombocytopenia-in-a-chronic-kidney-failure-mouse-model
#14
Nao Nishijo, Yasuhiro Tsuji, Kazuhisa Matsunaga, Masahiko Kutsukake, Fumiyasu Okazaki, Shiro Fukumori, Hidefumi Kasai, Yoichi Hiraki, Ippei Sakamaki, Yoshihiro Yamamoto, Yoshiharu Karube, Hideto To
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between renal function and linezolid (LZD)-induced thrombocytopenia and elucidate the underlying mechanism using a chronic renal disease (CRD) mouse model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CRD was induced in 5-week-old male Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) mice by 5/6 nephrectomy. After this procedure, LZD (25 and 100 mg/kg) was administered intraperitoneally once every day for 28 days. Platelet counts, white blood cell (WBC) counts, and hematocrit (HCT) levels were measured every 7 days...
January 2017: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403368/women-s-pelvic-floor-muscle-strength-and-urinary-and-anal-incontinence-after-childbirth-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Priscila Tavares Zizzi, Karina Fernandes Trevisan, Nathalie Leister, Camila da Silva Cruz, Maria Luiza Gonzalez Riesco
OBJECTIVE: To analyse pelvic floor muscle strength (PFMS) and urinary and anal incontinence (UI and AI) in the postpartum period. METHOD: Cross-sectional study carried out with women in their first seven months after child birth. Data were collected through interviews, perineometry (Peritron™), and the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Short Form (ICIQ-SF). RESULTS: 128 women participated in the study. The PFMS mean was 33...
April 10, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403366/nurses-knowledge-and-practices-regarding-pain-management-in-newborns
#16
Taine Costa, Lisabelle Mariano Rossato, Mariana Bueno, Izabela Linha Secco, Natália Pinheiro Braga Sposito, Denise Harrison, Júnia Selma de Freitas
OBJECTIVE: To analyze nurses' knowledge and practices regarding pain management of newborns admitted to Neonatal Intensive Care Units. METHOD: A descriptive and cross-sectional study. Data were collected from 51 nurses based on an adapted questionnaire aimed at evaluating knowledge and practices regarding the management of neonatal pain in six hospitals in Curitiba and its Metropolitan Region. RESULTS: For most nurses (86.0%), neonates feel pain...
April 6, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403340/fertility-rates-and-perinatal-outcomes-of-adolescent-pregnancies-a-retrospective-population-based-study
#17
Maria de Lourdes de Souza, Fiona Ann Lynn, Linda Johnston, Eduardo Cardoso Teixeira Tavares, Odaléa Maria Brüggemann, Lúcio José Botelho
Objective: analyze trends in fertility rates and associations with perinatal outcomes for adolescents in Santa Catarina, Brazil. Methods: a population-based study covering 2006 to 2013 was carried out to evaluate associations between perinatal outcomes and age groups, using odds ratios, and Chi-squared tests. Results: differences in the fertility rate among female adolescents across regions and time period were observed, ranging from 40.9 to 72...
April 6, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403334/patient-safety-incidents-and-nursing-workload
#18
Katya Cuadros Carlesi, Kátia Grillo Padilha, Maria Cecília Toffoletto, Carlos Henriquez-Roldán, Monica Andrea Canales Juan
Objective: to identify the relationship between the workload of the nursing team and the occurrence of patient safety incidents linked to nursing care in a public hospital in Chile. Method: quantitative, analytical, cross-sectional research through review of medical records. The estimation of workload in Intensive Care Units (ICUs) was performed using the Therapeutic Interventions Scoring System (TISS-28) and for the other services, we used the nurse/patient and nursing assistant/patient ratios...
April 6, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402646/coulomb-enhanced-radiative-recombination-of-biexcitons-in-single-giant-shell-cdse-cds-core-shell-nanocrystals
#19
Nao Hiroshige, Toshiyuki Ihara, Masaki Saruyama, Toshiharu Teranishi, Yoshihiko Kanemitsu
Giant-shell CdSe/CdS core/shell nanocrystals have attracted much attention due to their unique quasi type-II band alignment, where a large valence band offset confines holes strongly to the core, but electrons are delocalized due to a small conduction band offset. Here, we report the observation of the relative enhancement in the radiative recombination rate of a biexciton compared to that of an exciton in giant-shell CdSe/CdS nanocrystals. We found a clear correlation between the shell thickness of the CdSe/CdS nanocrystals and the ratio between the radiative recombination rates of biexciton and exciton...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401978/cobalt-catalysed-markovnikov-selective-hydroboration-of-vinylarenes
#20
Jingying Peng, Jamie H Docherty, Andrew P Dominey, Stephen P Thomas
A bipyridiyl-oxazoline cobalt catalyst ((t)Bu)BPOCoCl2 has been developed for the Markovnikov selective hydroboration of alkenes using pinacolborane and NaO(t)Bu as the in situ activator with up to >98 : 2 branched : linear selectivity (24 examples, 45-92% isolated yield).
April 12, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
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