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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929356/a-high-abdominal-aortic-calcification-score-on-ct-is-a-risk-factor-for-postoperative-pancreatic-fistula-in-elderly-patients-undergoing-pancreaticoduodenectomy
#1
Nao Kakizawa, Hiroshi Noda, Fumiaki Watanabe, Kosuke Ichida, Koichi Suzuki, Toshiki Rikiyama
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the clinical significance of a CT-based evaluation of abdominal aortic calcification (AAC) in the postoperative outcomes after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) in elderly patients. METHODS: Patients 70 years of age and older who were randomly assigned to Group A were compared with those younger than 70 who were assigned to Group B in terms of preoperative and intraoperative variables and postoperative outcomes. We compared the patients with clinically relevant postoperative pancreatic fistula (CR-POPF) (Group C) to those without CR-POPF (Group D), and especially Group A...
September 19, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929234/comparison-of-regeneration-of-remnant-liver-after-hemihepatectomy-with-or-without-the-middle-hepatic-vein
#2
Yoshihiro Inoue, Yusuke Suzuki, Masato Ota, Kensuke Fujii, Nao Kawaguchi, Tetsunosuke Shimizu, Mitsuhiro Asakuma, Fumitoshi Hirokawa, Michihiro Hayashi, Kazuhisa Uchiyama
BACKGROUND: There is no consensus about remnant liver regeneration associated with middle hepatic vein (MHV) resecting. METHODS: Seventy-five patients who underwent hemihepatectomy were retrospectively analysed with respect to remnant liver regeneration. The liver remnant volume (LRV) and each sectional volume were postoperatively measured with multidetector computed tomography at day 7 and months 1, 2, 5, and 12 after the operation. RESULTS: In right hemihepatectomy cases, the regeneration rate of LRV in the MHV preservation group was significantly higher than that of the MHV resection group at months 5 and 12...
September 19, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926191/clinical-validation-of-the-nursing-outcome-swallowing-status-in-people-with-stroke-analysis-according-to-the-classical-and-item-response-theories
#3
Ana Railka de Souza Oliveira-Kumakura, Thelma Leite de Araujo, Alice Gabrielle de Sousa Costa, Tahissa Frota Cavalcante, Marcos Venícios de Oliveira Lopes, Emilia Campos Carvalho
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To validate clinically the nursing outcome "Swallowing status". METHODS: The adjustment of the nursing outcome was investigated according to the Classical and Item Response Theories. The models were compared regarding information loss, goodness-of-fit, and differential item functioning. Stability and internal consistency were examined. RESULTS: The nursing outcome has the best fit in the generalized partial credit model with different discrimination parameters...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Knowledge
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925774/resolution-of-dopamine-agonist-resistant-hyperprolactinemia-by-hysterectomy-a-case-report
#4
Hiroshi Sato, Yuna Asami, Reona Shiro, Miki Yasuda, Saeko Imai, Rie Sakai, Kenji Oida, Kanako Kawaharamura, Nao Taguchi, Takako Suzuki, Masaya Hirose
Prolactin-producing uterine leiomyomas are very rare. Although hyperprolactinemia rapidly improves after removal of such leiomyomas, no preoperative diagnostic test has been established for prolactin-producing uterine leiomyomas. A 45-year-old Japanese woman, gravida 3 para 3, was referred to our hospital for further examination of hyperprolactinemia resistant to a dopamine agonist. A pituitary prolactinoma was undetectable by brain magnetic resonance imaging. A bromocriptine loading test revealed an increased serum prolactin concentration after loading...
September 19, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921602/human-leukocyte-antigen-variants-and-risk-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-modified-by-hcv-genotypes-a-genome-wide-association-study
#5
Mei-Hsuan Lee, Yu-Han Huang, Hsuan-Yu Chen, Charles Seik-Soon Khor, Ya-Hsuan Chang, Yu-Ju Lin, Chin-Lan Jen, Sheng-Nan Lu, Hwai-I Yang, Nao Nishida, Masaya Sugiyama, Masashi Mizokami, Yong Yuan, Gibert L'Italien, Katsushi Tokunaga, Chien-Jen Chen
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) to discover genetic variants associated with hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: We genotyped 502 HCC cases and 749 non-HCC controls by using the Axiom(TM) -CHB genome-wide array. After identifying single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) cluster located in the human leukocyte antigen region which were potentially associated with HCC, HLA-DQB1 genotyping was performed to analyze 994 anti-HCV seropositives collected in the period of 1991-2013 in a community-based cohort for evaluating long-term predictability of HLA variants for identifying the risk of HCC...
September 16, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919595/a-case-of-hepatorenal-syndrome-and-abdominal-compartment-syndrome-with-high-renal-congestion
#6
Hiroteru Kamimura, Takayuki Watanabe, Tomoyuki Sugano, Nao Nakajima, Junji Yokoyama, Kenya Kamimura, Atsunori Tsuchiya, Masaaki Takamura, Hirokazu Kawai, Takashi Kato, Gen Watanabe, Satoshi Yamagiwa, Shuji Terai
BACKGROUND Hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) is a reversible renal impairment that occurs in patients with acute liver failure and advanced liver cirrhosis. HRS is due to a renal vasoconstriction that results from extreme vasodilatation. It is therefore a functional disorder, not associated with structural kidney damage. On the other hand, end-stage liver diseases are often complicated by massive ascites. Massive ascites may cause abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS), which includes impairment of renal blood flow, but there are no reports indicating that kidney lesions caused by ACS may pathologically contribute to end-stage liver diseases...
September 18, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914743/effectiveness-of-bone-suppression-imaging-in-the-detection-of-lung-nodules-on-chest-radiographs-relevance-to-anatomic-location-and-observer-s-experience
#7
Tomohiro Miyoshi, Junji Yoshida, Nao Aramaki, Yuki Matsumura, Keiju Aokage, Tomoyuki Hishida, Tsuyoshi Kobayashi, Shinichi Tsubura, Shinsuke Katsuhara, Satoshi Kasai, Yasuhiko Sasano, Kanji Nagai, Masahiro Tsuboi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of bone suppression imaging (BSI) software in lung-nodule detection on chest radiographs (CXRs) in relation to nodule location and observer's experience. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The CXRs of 80 patients, of which 40 had a lung nodule (8 to 30 mm in diameter) and 40 did not have any nodules, were interpreted by 20 observers comprising of 7 pulmonologists with >10 years of experience and 13 pulmonology residents. Each patient's image was sequentially read, first using the standard CXR and thereafter with the BSI software...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Thoracic Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914534/stochastic-formulation-of-the-resolution-of-identity-application-to-second-order-m%C3%A3-ller-plesset-perturbation-theory
#8
Tyler Y Takeshita, Wibe A de Jong, Daniel Neuhauser, Roi Baer, Eran Rabani
A stochastic orbital approach to the resolution of identity (RI) approximation for 4-index electron repulsion integrals (ERIs) is presented. The stochastic RI-ERIs are then applied to second order Møller-Plesset perturbation theory (MP2) utilizing a multiple stochastic orbital approach. The introduction of multiple stochastic orbitals results in an O(NAO(3)) scaling for both the stochastic RI-ERIs and stochastic RI-MP2, NAO being the number of basis functions. For a range of water clusters we demonstrate that this method exhibits a small prefactor and observed scalings of O(Ne(2...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912408/-results-of-a-drug-use-survey-of-filgrastim-biosimilar-1-filgrastim-bs-syringe-for-inj-mochida-and-f
#9
Tsukasa Teshima, Nao Takigawa, Yuki Makita, Chinatsu Kushiya
With the aim of evaluating the safety and efficacy of filgrastim biosimilar 1(Filgrastim BS syringe for Inj. "MOCHIDA"and "F"), we conducted a drug use results survey of this product for its indications, including mobilization of hematopoietic stem cells into peripheral blood and chemotherapy-induced neutropenia. Of the 518 cases enrolled between August 2013 and July 2015, 495 were selected to be subjects of our safety and efficacy evaluations. 37 cases (7.47%)experienced side effects, which were mainly lower back pain(19, 3...
September 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906346/time-course-of-changes-in-corticospinal-excitability-after-short-term-forearm-hand-immobilization
#10
Tetsuya Karita, Akihiro Matsuura, Yoshihiro Kondo, Kohta Tomimura, Nao Nakada, Futoshi Mori
The short-term joint immobilization induces a decrease of corticospinal excitability; however, detailed time course of the immobilization-induced central nervous system changes and their extent have not yet been clarified. To evaluate the time course of changes in corticospinal excitability during forearm/hand immobilization for 24 h and investigate the effect on muscle strength, adhesive casting tape was used to immobilize the nondominant forearm/hand. The amplitude of the motor-evoked potential of the flexor pollicis brevis muscle induced by transcranial magnetic stimulation was measured during immobilization and after cast removal...
September 12, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902934/assessment-and-management-of-pain-in-newborns-hospitalized-in-a-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Natália Pinheiro Braga Sposito, Lisabelle Mariano Rossato, Mariana Bueno, Amélia Fumiko Kimura, Taine Costa, Danila Maria Batista Guedes
Objective: to determine the frequency of pain, to verify the measures adopted for pain relief during the first seven days of hospitalization in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit and to identify the type and frequency of invasive procedures to which newborns are submitted. Method: cross-sectional retrospective study. Out of the 188 hospitalizations occurred during the 12-month period, 171 were included in the study. The data were collected from the charts and the presence of pain was analyzed based on the Neonatal Infant Pain Scale and on nursing notes suggestions of pain...
September 12, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902932/non-pharmacological-interventions-to-promote-the-sleep-of-patients-after-cardiac-surgery-a-systematic-review
#12
Fernanda de Souza Machado, Regina Claudia da Silva Souza, Vanessa Brito Poveda, Ana Lucia Siqueira Costa
Objective: to analyze evidence available in the literature concerning non-pharmacological interventions that are effective to treat altered sleep patterns among patients who underwent cardiac surgery. Method: systematic review conducted in the National Library of Medicine-National Institutes of Health, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature, Scopus, Embase, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature and PsycINFO databases, and also grey literature...
September 12, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902931/binge-drinking-a-pattern-associated-with-a-risk-of-problems-of-alcohol-use-among-university-students
#13
André Bedendo, André Luiz Monezi Andrade, Emérita Sátiro Opaleye, Ana Regina Noto
Objective: to evaluate problems associated with alcohol use among university students who reported binge drinking in comparison to students who consumed alcohol without binging. Method: a cross-sectional study among university students (N=2,408) who accessed the website about alcohol use. Logistic and linear regression models were included in the statistical analyzes. Results: alcohol use in the last three months was reported by 89.2% of university students; 51...
September 12, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902324/influence-of-sociodemographic-and-clinical-characteristics-on-the-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-schizophrenia
#14
Lara Guedes de Pinho, Anabela Pereira, Cláudia Chaves
OBJECTIVE: Evaluating the quality of life of Portuguese patients with schizophrenia and linking it to sociodemographic and clinical aspects. METHOD: A quantitative cross-sectional study carried out with individuals affected by schizophrenia, living in the entire continental territory of Portugal, through application of a sociodemographic and clinical questionnaire and the Quality of Life Scale short version (QLS7PT). Parametric and non-parametric tests were performed to evaluate the correlation between variables...
August 28, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902323/hand-hygiene-compliance-of-healthcare-professionals-in-an-emergency-department
#15
Caroline Zottele, Tania Solange Bosi de Souza Magnago, Angela Isabel Dos Santos Dullius, Adriane Cristina Bernat Kolankiewicz, Juliana Dal Ongaro
OBJECTIVE: To analyze compliance with hand hygiene by healthcare professionals in an emergency department unit. METHOD: This is a longitudinal quantitative study developed in 2015 with healthcare professionals from a university hospital in the state of Rio Grande do Sul. Each professional was monitored three times by direct non-participant observation at WHO's five recommended moments in hand hygiene, taking the concepts of opportunity, indication and action into account...
August 28, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902232/advanced-glycation-end-products-ages-accumulation-in-skin-relations-with-chronic-kidney-disease-mineral-and-bone-disorder
#16
Renata de Almeida França, André de Barros Albuquerque Esteves, Cynthia de Moura Borges, Kélcia Rosana da Silva Quadros, Luiz Carlos Nogueira Falcão, Jacqueline Costa Teixeira Caramori, Rodrigo Bueno de Oliveira
Introduction: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with high morbidity and mortality rates, main causes related with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and bone mineral disorder (CKD-BMD). Uremic toxins, as advanced glycation end products (AGEs), are non-traditional cardiovascular risk factor and play a role on development of CKD-BMD in CKD. The measurement of skin autofluorescence (sAF) is a noninvasive method to assess the level of AGEs in tissue, validated in CKD patients. Objective: The aim of this study is analyze AGEs measured by sAF levels (AGEs-sAF) and its relations with CVD and BMD parameters in HD patients...
August 28, 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902231/risk-factors-for-the-progression-of-chronic-kidney-disease-after-acute-kidney-injury
#17
Benedito Jorge Pereira, Silvana Barreto, Thais Gentil, Larissa S Assis, Emília Md Soeiro, Isac de Castro, Sandra M Laranja
Introduction: The incidence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasing with the increasing age of the population and the increasing number of elderly survivors of acute kidney injury (AKI). The risk factors for the progression of CKD after AKI are unclear. Objective: To investigate the association between AKI and its progression to CKD and the risk factors involved. Methods: An observational, retrospective study of AKI patients followed from 2009 to 2012 was carried out...
August 28, 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901029/successful-venoarterial-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-for-postoperative-septic-shock-in-a-child-with-liver-transplantation-a-case-report
#18
Michiko Abe, Kentaro Ide, Nao Nishimura, Satoshi Nakagawa, Akinari Fukuda, Seisuke Sakamoto, Mureo Kasahara
Refractory septic shock after LT is a life-threatening complication. VA ECMO is used to treat refractory cardiorespiratory failure. We present herein the case of a 5-year-old girl with post-Kasai biliary atresia, who underwent a living donor LT and suffered refractory septic shock. VA ECMO was indicated due to progressive cardiac deterioration. After full recovery of her EF, she has been steadily improving and has shown good liver function and no neurological sequelae. This is the first report of successful VA ECMO in a post- LT patient with refractory septic shock...
September 12, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901024/records-of-ocean-sunfish-mola-mola-along-the-norwegian-coast-spanning-two-centuries-1801-2015
#19
K Frafjord, T Bakken, L Kubicek, A-H Rønning, P O Syvertsen
Records of the ocean sunfish Mola mola along the Norwegian coast were compiled from all possible sources: literature, media, databases and museums. A total of 216 records were found between 1801 and 2015. They were distributed along the whole coast, except for the most north-eastern part. Nearly all years with more than five records were after 2000, with 1985 as the only exception and with a maximum of 23 records in 2014. Most, 92·4%, were from July to December. Records from before 1979 were more incidental and random and no sunfish were recorded in 54 separate years between 1879 and 2015...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894202/principal-contribution-of-hla-dq-alleles-dqb1-06-04-and-dqb1-03-01-to-disease-resistance-against-primary-biliary-cholangitis-in-a-japanese-population
#20
Michio Yasunami, Hitomi Nakamura, Katsushi Tokunaga, Minae Kawashima, Nao Nishida, Yuki Hitomi, Minoru Nakamura
Identification of the primary allele(s) in HLA class II associated diseases remains challenging because of a tight linkage between alleles of HLA-DR and -DQ loci. In the present study, we determined the genotypes of seven HLA loci (HLA-A, -B, -DRB1, -DQA1, -DQB1, -DPA1 and -DPB1) for 1200 Japanese patients with primary biliary cholangitis and 1196 controls. Observation of recombination derivatives facilitated an evaluation of the effects of individual HLA alleles consisting of disease-prone/disease-resistant HLA haplotypes...
September 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
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