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Chronic inflammation and cardiovascular disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811294/dihydrocapsiate-improved-age-associated-impairments-in-mice-by-increasing-energy-expenditure
#1
Kana Ohyama, Katsuya Suzuki
Metabolic dysfunction is associated with aging and results in age-associated chronic diseases, including type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, and stroke. Hence, there has been a focus on increasing energy expenditure in aged populations to protect them from age-associated diseases. Dihydrocapsiate (DCT) is a compound that belongs to the capsinoid family. Capsinoids are capsaicin analogs that are found in non-pungent peppers and increase whole-body energy expenditure. However, their effect on energy expenditure has been reported only in young populations, and to date the effectiveness of DCT in increasing energy expenditure in aged populations has not been investigated...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808498/functional-cellular-and-molecular-remodeling-of-the-heart-under-influence-of-oxidative-cigarette-tobacco-smoke
#2
REVIEW
Abdullah Kaplan, Emna Abidi, Rana Ghali, George W Booz, Firas Kobeissy, Fouad A Zouein
Passive and active chronic cigarette smoking (CS) remains an international epidemic and a key risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) development. CS-induced cardiac damage is divided into two major and interchangeable mechanisms: (1) direct adverse effects on the myocardium causing smoking cardiomyopathy and (2) indirect effects on the myocardium by fueling comorbidities such as atherosclerotic syndromes and hypertension that eventually damage and remodel the heart. To date, our understanding of cardiac remodeling following acute and chronic smoking exposure is not well elucidated...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802833/new-pro-resolving-n-3-mediators-bridge-resolution-of-infectious-inflammation-to-tissue-regeneration
#3
REVIEW
Charles N Serhan, Nan Chiang, Jesmond Dalli
While protective, the acute inflammatory response when uncontrolled can lead to further tissue damage and chronic inflammation that is now widely recognized to play important roles in many commonly occurring diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, neurodegenerative diseases, metabolic syndrome, and many other diseases of significant public health concern. The ideal response to initial challenges of the host is complete resolution of the acute inflammatory response, which is now recognized to be a biosynthetically active process governed by specialized pro-resolving mediators (SPM)...
August 9, 2017: Molecular Aspects of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796027/heart-fat-in-hiv-marker-or-mediator-of-risk
#4
Jonathan Buggey, Chris T Longenecker
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The review aims to summarize the literature describing the clinical impact of cardiac fat depots in patients with HIV infection. RECENT FINDINGS: People living with HIV (PLHIV) have accelerated rates of cardiovascular disease, and are prone to the development of ectopic fat deposition. Specifically, PLHIV have higher volumes of epicardial and intracardiac fat quantified by noninvasive imaging. Higher volumes of epicardial fat may be related to antiretroviral therapy duration and chronic inflammation, independently of other measures of body adiposity such as BMI...
August 8, 2017: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771714/multifunctional-curcumin-mediate-multitherapeutic-effects
#5
Adeeb Shehzad, Munibah Qureshi, Muhammad Nabeel Anwar, Young Sup Lee
Inflammation can promote the development of arthritis, obesity, cardiovascular, type II diabetes, pancreatitis, metabolic and neurodegenerative diseases, and certain types of cancer. Compounds isolated from plants have been practiced since ancient times for curing various ailments including inflammatory disorders and to support normal physiological functions. Curcumin (diferuloylmethane) is a yellow coloring agent, extracted from turmeric that has been used for the prevention and treatment of various inflammatory diseases...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771557/low-moderate-urine-arsenic-and-biomarkers-of-thrombosis-and-inflammation-in-the-strong-heart-study
#6
Katherine A Moon, Ana Navas-Acien, Maria Grau-Pérez, Kevin A Francesconi, Walter Goessler, Eliseo Guallar, Jason G Umans, Lyle G Best, Jonathan D Newman
The underlying pathology of arsenic-related cardiovascular disease (CVD) is unknown. Few studies have evaluated pathways through thrombosis and inflammation for arsenic-related CVD, especially at low-moderate arsenic exposure levels (<100 μg/L in drinking water). We evaluated the association of chronic low-moderate arsenic exposure, measured as the sum of inorganic and methylated arsenic species in urine (ΣAs), with plasma biomarkers of thrombosis and inflammation in American Indian adults (45-74 years) in the Strong Heart Study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770211/prognostic-value-of-circulating-inflammatory-cells-in-patients-with-stable-and-acute-coronary-artery-disease
#7
REVIEW
John A L Meeuwsen, Marian Wesseling, Imo E Hoefer, Saskia C A de Jager
Atherosclerosis is a lipid driven chronic inflammatory disease underlying the majority of ischemic events such as myocardial infarction or stroke. Clinical management of ischemic events has improved considerably in the past decades. Accordingly, survival rates have increased. Nevertheless, 12% of patients die within 6 months after the initial event. To improve secondary prevention, appropriate risk prediction is key. However, up to date, there is no clinically available routine marker to identify patients at high risk for recurrent cardiovascular events...
2017: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762911/-clinico-pathogenetic-relationship-of-cardiovascular-diseases-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#8
A V Budnevsky, E Y Malysh
Close relationship between cardiovascular diseases and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has attracted attention over the past 15 years as one of the aspects of systemic manifestations of COPD. The high prevalence of cardiovascular diseases in patients with COPD is explained within the concept of low-level persistent systemic inflammation. This review presents current data on the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases and mortality in the population of patients with COPD.
April 2017: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762474/adipokines-psoriasis-systemic-inflammation-and-endothelial-dysfunction
#9
REVIEW
Maeve Lynch, Tomas Ahern, Cheryl M Sweeney, Anna Malara, Anne-Marie Tobin, Donal O'Shea, Brian Kirby
Adipokines are secreted by white adipose tissue, an active endocrine organ, and play a role in the regulation of metabolic functions such as lipid metabolism, inflammation, and vascular homeostasis. Adipokines are secreted in excess in obesity and contribute to the development of associated comorbidities such as metabolic syndrome and atherosclerosis. Psoriasis, a chronic immune-mediated skin disease, is associated with obesity and increased cardiovascular risk. Understanding the role of adipokines in psoriasis may in part explain the association between psoriasis and cardiovascular disease...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759833/anti-oxidative-treatment-with-vitamin-e-improves-peripheral-vascular-function-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-and-haptoglobin-2-2-genotype-a-double-blinded-cross-over-study
#10
Jonia Amer Alshiek, Lior Dayan, Rabea Asleh, Shany Blum, Andrew P Levy, Giris Jacob
Vascular dysfunction in both conduit arteries and small vessels is a major contributor to the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in diabetes mellitus (DM). In diabetes there is a process of systemic chronic inflammation accompanied by high oxidative stress causing a subsequent decrease in vascular reactivity and negatively affect the metabolic processes responsible for functioning of the microvasculature. Vitamin E is classified as an antioxidant due to its ability to scavenge lipid radicals and terminate oxidative chain reactions...
July 13, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758257/atopic-dermatitis-is-associated-with-autoimmune-but-not-with-cardiovascular-comorbidities-in-a-random-sample-of-the-general-population-in-leipzig-germany
#11
R Treudler, S Zeynalova, F Walther, C Engel, J C Simon
Atopic dermatitis (AD) was recently reported to be associated with multiple non-atopic comorbidities [1-4], especially of autoimmune or cardiovascular type. This co-occurrence was related to several immune mechanism of AD being shared with other immune-mediated diseases [2], as well as to chronic inflammation and life style factors [5]. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
July 31, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755740/vascular-damage-and-kidney-transplant-outcomes-an-unfriendly-and-harmful-link
#12
REVIEW
Domingo Hernández, Javier Triñanes, Ana María Armas, Pedro Ruiz-Esteban, Juana Alonso-Titos, Ana Duarte, Miguel González-Molina, Eulalia Palma, Eduardo Salido, Armando Torres
Kidney transplant (KT) is the treatment of choice for most patients with chronic kidney disease, but this has a high cardiovascular mortality due to traditional and nontraditional risk factors, including vascular calcification. Inflammation could precede the appearance of artery wall lesions, leading to arteriosclerosis and clinical and subclinical atherosclerosis in these patients. Additionally, mineral metabolism disorders and activation of the renin-angiotensin system could contribute to this vascular damage...
July 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753924/omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-for-the-treatment-of-iga-nephropathy
#13
REVIEW
Junichi Hirahashi
IgA nephropathy is a common disease that causes end-stage renal failure and requires renal replacement therapy. The main purpose of therapeutic intervention in this disease is not limited to improvement of prognosis and prevention of transition to end-stage renal failure, but also prevention of the occurrence of cardiovascular lesions, which increases risk in patients with chronic kidney disease. Steroids and immunosuppressants have been widely used as remission induction therapies; however, the balance between their therapeutic benefits and detrimental side-effects are controversial...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747725/echinomycin-inhibits-adipogenesis-in-3t3-l1-cells-in-a-hif-independent-manner
#14
Junna Yamaguchi, Tetsuhiro Tanaka, Hisako Saito, Seitaro Nomura, Hiroyuki Aburatani, Hironori Waki, Takashi Kadowaki, Masaomi Nangaku
Obesity is a risk factor for many diseases including diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular disease, and chronic kidney disease. Obesity is characterized by the expansion of white adipose tissue (WAT). Hypertrophy and hyperplasia of adipocytes cause tissue hypoxia followed by inflammation and fibrosis. Its trigger, preadipocyte differentiation into mature adipocytes, is finely regulated by transcription factors, signal molecules, and cofactors. We found that echinomycin, a potent HIF-1 inhibitor, completely inhibited adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 WAT preadipocytes by affecting the early phase of mitotic clonal expansion...
July 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747175/cd133-cells-are-associated-with-adipocytokines-and-endothelial-dysfunction-in-hemodialysis-patients
#15
Abdullah Ozkok, Riza Atas, Suzan Adin Cinar, Akar Yilmaz, Esin Aktas, Gunnur Deniz, Alaattin Yildiz
BACKGROUND: Hemodialysis (HD) patients have increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Impaired stem cell health and adipocytokine metabolism may play important roles in the complex pathophysiological mechanisms of CVD in this patient population. We aimed to investigate the relationships between CD133+ cell counts, adipocytokines and parameters of endothelial dysfunction and atherosclerosis in HD patients. METHODS: In 58 chronic HD patients (male/female:28/30, mean age:58 ± 14 years), serum levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), leptin, adiponectin and resistin were measured by ELISA...
July 26, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742217/the-inflammatory-cytokine-interferon-gamma-inhibits-sortilin-1-expression-in-hepatocytes-via-the-jak-stat-pathway
#16
John Pirault, Konstantinos A Polyzos, Marcelo H Petri, Daniel Fj Ketelhuth, Magnus Bäck, Göran K Hansson
Sortilin-1, a receptor of the VPS10p family, has been associated with cardiovascular disease in genome-wide association studies. It is implicated in lipoprotein metabolism, secretion of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) and secretion of inflammatory cytokines. However, its own regulation remains unclear. Chronic inflammation is a hallmark of atherosclerosis and absence of regulatory T (Treg) cells is associated with reduced protein expression of sortilin-1 in the liver. Therefore, we postulated that mediator(s) of inflammation known to be downregulated by regulatory T cells may modulate sortilin-1 expression...
July 25, 2017: European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737512/thrombin-promotes-diet-induced-obesity-through-fibrin-driven-inflammation
#17
Anna K Kopec, Sara R Abrahams, Sherry Thornton, Joseph S Palumbo, Eric S Mullins, Senad Divanovic, Hartmut Weiler, A Phillip Owens, Nigel Mackman, Ashley Goss, Joanne van Ryn, James P Luyendyk, Matthew J Flick
Obesity promotes a chronic inflammatory and hypercoagulable state that drives cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, fatty liver disease, and several cancers. Elevated thrombin activity underlies obesity-linked thromboembolic events, but the mechanistic links between the thrombin/fibrin(ogen) axis and obesity-associated pathologies are incompletely understood. In this work, immunohistochemical studies identified extravascular fibrin deposits within white adipose tissue and liver as distinct features of mice fed a high-fat diet (HFD) as well as obese patients...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732558/resolvins-as-proresolving-inflammatory-mediators-in-cardiovascular-disease
#18
Xavier Capó, Miquel Martorell, Carla Busquets-Cortés, Silvia Tejada, Josep A Tur, Antoni Pons, Antoni Sureda
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) represents a global burden with a prevalence that continues increasing progressively. CVD comprises a group of disorders of the heart and blood vessels including coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease and peripheral arterial disease. This group of disorders is associated with an inflammatory process which can participate in the pathophysiology of these diseases. Inflammation resolution is an active process involving the participation of pro-resolving mediators such as lipoxins, resolvins, protectins and maresins...
July 13, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722106/anti-inflammatory-effects-of-exercise-role-in-diabetes-and-cardiovascular-disease
#19
REVIEW
Bente Klarlund Pedersen
BACKGROUND: Persistent inflammation is involved in the pathogenesis of chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). AIMS: The aim of this review was to provide the reader with an update of the mechanisms whereby exercise-induced cytokines may impact cardiometabolic diseases. RESULTS: Evidence exists that interleukin (IL)-1β is involved in pancreatic β-cell damage, whereas TNF-α is a key molecule in peripheral insulin resistance...
July 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718336/coexistence-of-takayasu-s-arteritis-and-ankylosing-spondylitis-may-not-be-accidental-is-there-a-need-for-a-new-subgroup-in-the-spondyloarthritis-family
#20
Pawel Mielnik, Anja Myhre Hjelle, Jan Leidulv Nordeide
Aortitis of ascending aorta is a recognized complication of ankylosing spondylitis (AS). There are a few published cases of diffuse aortitis and aorta collaterals inflammation that fulfill Takayasu's arteritis (TA) criteria coexisting with AS. We have reviewed published cases from literature and present three new cases of such coexistence. We identified three patients who fulfilled definite AS New York criteria in our Takayasu's vasculitis cohort of eight patients. One of this patients had been diagnosed with Crohn's disease before AS and TA diagnosis...
July 18, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
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