keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Chronic inflammation and cardiovascular disease

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108129/cardiovascular-impact-in-patients-undergoing-maintenance-hemodialysis-clinical-management-considerations
#1
REVIEW
Srisakul Chirakarnjanakorn, Sankar D Navaneethan, Gary S Francis, W H Wilson Tang
Patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis develop both structural and functional cardiovascular abnormalities. Despite improvement of dialysis technology, cardiovascular mortality of this population remains high. The pathophysiological mechanisms of these changes are complex and not well understood. It has been postulated that several non-traditional, uremic-related risk factors, especially the long-term uremic state, which may affect the cardiovascular system. There are many cardiovascular changes that occur in chronic kidney disease including left ventricular hypertrophy, myocardial fibrosis, microvascular disease, accelerated atherosclerosis and arteriosclerosis...
January 4, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107669/medical-comorbidity-in-bipolar-disorder-the-link-with-metabolic-inflammatory-systems
#2
REVIEW
Ana SayuriYamagata, Elisa Brietzke, Joshua D Rosenblat, Ron Kakar, Roger S McIntyre
BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder (BD) is associated with chronic low-grade inflammation, several medical comorbidities and a decreased life expectancy. Metabolic-inflammatory changes have been postulated as one of the main links between BD and medical comorbidity, although there are few studies exploring possible mechanisms underlying this relationship. Therefore, the aims of the current narrative review were 1) synthesize the evidence for metabolic-inflammatory changes that may facilitate the link between medical comorbidity and BD and 2) discuss therapeutic and preventive implications of these pathways...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102478/influence-of-inflammation-and-atherosclerosis-in-atrial-fibrillation
#3
REVIEW
Rose Mary Ferreira Lisboa da Silva
BACKGROUND: Inflammation markers have been associated with cardiovascular diseases including atrial fibrillation. This arrhythmia is the most frequent, with an incidence of 38/1000 person-years. PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aims of this study are to discuss the association between inflammation, atherosclerosis and atrial fibrillation and its clinical implications. Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease and inflammation is a triggering factor of atherosclerotic plaque rupture...
January 2017: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101838/renal-consequences-of-preterm-birth
#4
REVIEW
Amelie Stritzke, Sumesh Thomas, Harish Amin, Christoph Fusch, Abhay Lodha
BACKGROUND: The developmental origin of health and disease concept identifies the brain, cardiovascular, liver, and kidney systems as targets of fetal adverse programming with adult consequences. As the limits of viability in premature infants have been pushed to lower gestational ages, the long-term impact of prematurity on kidneys still remains a significant burden during hospital stay and beyond. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to summarize available evidence, mechanisms, and short- and long-term renal consequences of prematurity and identify nephroprotective strategies and areas of uncertainty...
December 2017: Molecular and Cellular Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099207/could-high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-predict-increased-cardiovascular-risk
#5
Tae Ik Chang, Elani Streja, Hamid Moradi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Serum high-density lipoprotein (HDL) is considered to be protective against cardiovascular disease. However, there is emerging evidence that under certain conditions the HDL molecule can become dysfunctional and proinflammatory, paradoxically leading to increased risk of cardiovascular disease. This review will provide a brief outline of the potential mechanisms by which HDL can become atherogenic and summarize some of the clinical evidence on this topic. RECENT FINDINGS: HDL metabolism, structure, and function in addition to its level can be profoundly altered under conditions of marked oxidative stress and chronic inflammation...
January 17, 2017: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095258/the-safety-of-treatment-options-available-for-gout
#6
Naomi Schlesinger
Gout is the most common inflammatory arthritis in humans. Gout treatment includes rapid initiation of anti-inflammatory medications for acute attacks and chronically treating with urate lowering drugs as well as chronic anti-inflammatory prophylaxis. Areas covered: This review aims to provide an overview and discussion of the safety concerns of current treatment options available for gout. Expert opinion: Gout is a curable disease with appropriate treatment. The advent of new therapies provides encouraging opportunities to improve gout management...
January 17, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094311/evidence-of-microvascular-changes-in-the-retina-following-kawasaki-disease
#7
Katherine Y H Chen, David P Burgner, Tien Y Wong, Seang Mei Saw, Swee Chye Quek, Audrey Y C Pang, Seo Wei Leo, Inez B Wong, Diana Zannino, Nigel Curtis, Michael Cheung, Carol Y Cheung, Terence C W Lim
It is unclear whether all children with Kawasaki disease (KD) have increased later cardiovascular risk. The retinal microvasculature reflects changes in the microcirculation and is associated with traditional cardiovascular risk factors and events. The aim of this study was to investigate retinal microvascular parameters in two populations of patients with previous KD and control participants. We performed case-control studies of 116 (57 patients and 59 control participants) Australian and 156 (78 patients and 78 control participants) Singaporean individuals, at least two years since their acute illness...
January 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094206/hepatocyte-growth-factor-in-physiology-and-infectious-diseases
#8
REVIEW
Ryu Imamura, Kunio Matsumoto
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is a pleiotropic cytokine composed of an α-chain and a β-chain, and these chains contain four kringle domains and a serine protease-like structure, respectively. The receptor for HGF was identified as the c-met proto-oncogene product of transmembrane receptor tyrosine kinase. HGF-induced signaling through the receptor Met provokes dynamic biological responses that support morphogenesis, regeneration, and the survival of various cells and tissues, which includes hepatocytes, renal tubular cells, and neurons...
January 13, 2017: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093357/are-the-innate-and-adaptive-immune-systems-setting-hypertension-on-fire
#9
REVIEW
Gisele F Bomfim, Fernanda Luciano Rodrigues, Fernando S Carneiro
Hypertension is the most common chronic cardiovascular disease and is associated with several pathological states, being an important cause of morbidity and mortality around the world. Low-grade inflammation plays a key role in hypertension and the innate and adaptive immune systems seem to contribute to hypertension development and maintenance. Hypertension is associated with vascular inflammation, increased vascular cytokines levels and infiltration of immune cells in the vasculature, kidneys and heart. However, the mechanisms that trigger inflammation and immune system activation in hypertension are completely unknown...
January 13, 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089842/curbing-tumorigenesis-and-malignant-progression-through-the-pharmacological-control-of-the-wound-healing-process
#10
REVIEW
Melania Dovizio, Angela Sacco, Paola Patrignani
The prevention of cancer development and its progression is an urgent unmet medical need. Novel knowledge on the biology of cancer has evidenced that genetic changes occurring within cancer cells contribute, but are not sufficient, for tumor promotion and progression. The results of clinical studies and experimental animal models have suggested pursuing new avenues for the prevention of cancer development in the early stages, by using drugs that modulate platelet responses and those interfering with the synthesis and action of the mediators of inflammation...
January 12, 2017: Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088464/microparticles-inflammatory-and-haemostaticbiomarkers-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#11
L M L Carvalho, C N Ferreira, M O Sóter, M F Sales, K F Rodrigues, S R Martins, A L Candido, F M Reis, I O Silva, F M F Campos, K B Gomes
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is associated with a chronic low-grade inflammation and predisposition to hemostatic and atherosclerotic complications. This case-control study evaluated the microparticles (MPs) profile in patients with the PCOS and related these MPs to clinical and biochemical parameters. MPs derived from platelets (PMPs), leuckocytes (LMPs) and endothelial cells (EMPs) were evaluated, as well as MPs expressing tissue factor (TFMPs), by flow cytometry, comparing women with PCOS (n = 50) and a healthy control group (n = 50)...
January 11, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076319/impact-of-nutrition-on-pollutant-toxicity-an-update-with-new-insights-into-epigenetic-regulation
#12
Jessie B Hoffman, Michael C Petriello, Bernhard Hennig
Exposure to environmental pollutants is a global health problem and is associated with the development of many chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes and metabolic syndrome. There is a growing body of evidence that nutrition can both positively and negatively modulate the toxic effects of pollutant exposure. Diets high in proinflammatory fats, such as linoleic acid, can exacerbate pollutant toxicity, whereas diets rich in bioactive and anti-inflammatory food components, including omega-3 fatty acids and polyphenols, can attenuate toxicant-associated inflammation...
January 11, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067588/health-benefits-of-fiber-fermentation
#13
Wendy J Dahl, Nicole C Agro, Åsa M Eliasson, Kaley L Mialki, Joseph D Olivera, Carley T Rusch, Carly N Young
Although fiber is well recognized for its effect on laxation, increasing evidence supports the role of fiber in the prevention and treatment of chronic disease. The aim of this review is to provide an overview of the health benefits of fiber and its fermentation, and describe how the products of fermentation may influence disease risk and treatment. Higher fiber intakes are associated with decreased risk of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and some forms of cancer. Fiber may also have a role in lowering blood pressure and in preventing obesity by limiting weight gain...
January 9, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066896/parasite-excretory-secretory-products-and-their-effects-on-metabolic-syndrome
#14
Jenny Crowe, Felicity E Lumb, Margaret M Harnett, William Harnett
Obesity, one of the main causes of metabolic syndrome (MetS), is an increasingly common health and economic problem worldwide, and one of the major risk factors for developing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Chronic, low-grade inflammation is associated with MetS and obesity. A dominant type 2/anti-inflammatory response is required for metabolic homeostasis within adipose tissue: during obesity, this response is replaced by infiltrating, inflammatory macrophages and T cells. Helminths and certain protozoan parasites are able to manipulate the host immune response towards a TH2 immune phenotype that is beneficial for their survival and there is emerging data that there is an inverse correlation between the incidence of MetS and helminth infections, suggesting that, as with autoimmune and allergic diseases, helminths may play a protective role against MetS disease...
January 9, 2017: Parasite Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064010/vascular-endothelial-cells-senescence-is-associated-with-nod-like-receptor-family-pyrin-domain-containing-3-nlrp3-inflammasome-activation-via-reactive-oxygen-species-ros-thioredoxin-interacting-protein-txnip-pathway
#15
Yanlin Yin, Zhihui Zhou, Weiwei Liu, Qun Chang, Guanqun Sun, Yalei Dai
Endothelial dysfunction caused by endothelial cells senescence and chronic inflammation is tightly linked to the development of cardiovascular diseases. NLRP3 (NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain-containing3) inflammasome plays a central role in inflammatory response that is associated with diverse inflammatory diseases. This study explores the effects and possible mechanisms of NLRP3 inflammasome in endothelial cells senescence. Results show an increment of pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL) -1β secretion and caspase-1 activation during the senescence of endothelial cells induced by bleomycin...
January 4, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062617/growth-differentiation-factor-15-as-a-biomarker-in-cardiovascular-disease
#16
REVIEW
Kai C Wollert, Tibor Kempf, Lars Wallentin
BACKGROUND: Growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF-15) is expressed and secreted in response to inflammation, oxidative stress, hypoxia, telomere erosion, and oncogene activation. Cardiovascular (CV) disease is a major driver of GDF-15 production. GDF-15 has favorable preanalytic characteristics and can be measured in serum and plasma by immunoassay. CONTENT: In community-dwelling individuals higher concentrations of GDF-15 are associated with increased risks of developing CV disease, chronic kidney disease, and cancer, independent of traditional CV risk factors, renal function, and other biomarkers (C-reactive protein, B-type natriuretic peptide, cardiac troponin)...
January 2017: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059417/effects-of-daily-blueberry-consumption-on-circulating-biomarkers-of-oxidative-stress-inflammation-and-antioxidant-defense-in-postmenopausal-women-with-pre-and-stage-1-hypertension-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Sarah A Johnson, Rafaela G Feresin, Negin Navaei, Arturo Figueroa, Marcus L Elam, Neda S Akhavan, Shirin Hooshmand, Shirin Pourafshar, Mark E Payton, Bahram H Arjmandi
Oxidative stress and inflammation are central to the development of a number of chronic diseases including cardiovascular disease and previous research suggests that blueberry consumption may attenuate these processes. The present study investigated the effects of blueberries on blood biomarkers of oxidative stress, inflammation, and antioxidant defense in postmenopausal women with pre- and stage 1-hypertension. In a randomized, parallel-arm, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial, 40 pre- and stage 1-hypertensive postmenopausal women aged 45 to 65 years were randomly assigned to receive 22 g freeze-dried highbush blueberry powder per day (Blueberry) or 22 g placebo powder per day (Control) for 8 weeks...
January 6, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057862/antiinflammatory-actions-of-inorganic-nitrate-stabilize-the-atherosclerotic-plaque
#18
Rayomand S Khambata, Suborno M Ghosh, Krishnaraj S Rathod, Tharssana Thevathasan, Federica Filomena, Qingzhong Xiao, Amrita Ahluwalia
Reduced bioavailable nitric oxide (NO) plays a key role in the enhanced leukocyte recruitment reflective of systemic inflammation thought to precede and underlie atherosclerotic plaque formation and instability. Recent evidence demonstrates that inorganic nitrate (NO3(-)) through sequential chemical reduction in vivo provides a source of NO that exerts beneficial effects upon the cardiovascular system, including reductions in inflammatory responses. We tested whether the antiinflammatory effects of inorganic nitrate might prove useful in ameliorating atherosclerotic disease in Apolipoprotein (Apo)E knockout (KO) mice...
January 5, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056939/evaluation-of-anti-inflammatory-activity-of-compounds-isolated-from-the-rhizome-of-ophiopogon-japonicas
#19
Jing-Wen Zhao, Ding-Sheng Chen, Chang-Sheng Deng, Qi Wang, Wei Zhu, Li Lin
BACKGROUND: Ophiopogon japonicas (L.f) Ker-Gawl has been used as a traditional Chinese medicine to cure acute and chronic inflammation and cardiovascular diseases including thrombotic diseases for thousands of years. Previous phytochemical studies showed that O. japonicus contained compounds with anti-inflammatory activity. The aim of this study was to identify and isolate compounds with anti-inflammatory activity from the rhizome of O. japonicas. METHODS: Compounds were isolated by various column chromatography and their structures were identified in terms of nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum (NMR) and mass spectrum (MS)...
January 5, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049587/response-to-active-hepatitis-b-vaccination-and-mortality-in-incident-dialysis-patients
#20
Emanuel Zitt, Hildegard Hafner-Giessauf, Birgitta Wimmer, Alexander Herr, Sabine Horn, Claudia Friedl, Hannelore Sprenger-Mähr, Reinhard Kramar, Alexander R Rosenkranz, Karl Lhotta
All patients with advanced chronic kidney disease or on renal replacement therapy should receive active hepatitis B vaccination. The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to investigate the association between the immune response to hepatitis B vaccination and all-cause, cardiovascular or infection-related mortality in incident dialysis patients starting dialysis between 2001 and 2008 (n=426) in two Austrian dialysis centers. Vaccination response was defined as follows: absent anti-HBs antibody titer or a titer <10IU/L was classified as non-response, seroconversion (SC) was defined as a titer ⩾10IU/L, and seroprotection (SP) as a titer ⩾100IU/L...
December 31, 2016: Vaccine
keyword
keyword
22320
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"