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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328309/ibpro-a-novel-short-duration-teaching-course-in-advanced-physics-and-biology-underlying-cancer-radiotherapy
#1
Michael C Joiner, Monica W Tracey, Sara E Kacin, Jay W Burmeister
This article provides a summary and status report of the ongoing advanced education program IBPRO - Integrated course in Biology and Physics of Radiation Oncology. IBPRO is a five-year program funded by NCI. It addresses the recognized deficiency in the number of mentors available who have the required knowledge and skill to provide the teaching and training that is required for future radiation oncologists and researchers in radiation sciences. Each year, IBPRO brings together 50 attendees typically at assistant professor level and upwards, who are already qualified/certified radiation oncologists, medical physicists or biologists...
March 22, 2017: Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327141/the-first-nationwide-survey-of-md-phds-in-the-social-sciences-and-humanities-training-patterns-and-career-choices
#2
Seth M Holmes, Jennifer Karlin, Scott D Stonington, Diane L Gottheil
BACKGROUND: While several articles on MD-PhD trainees in the basic sciences have been published in the past several years, very little research exists on physician-investigators in the social sciences and humanities. However, the numbers of MD-PhDs training in these fields and the number of programs offering training in these fields are increasing, particularly within the US. In addition, accountability for the public funding for MD-PhD programs requires knowledge about this growing population of trainees and their career trajectories...
March 21, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301484/health-facility-service-availability-and-readiness-for-intrapartum-and-immediate-postpartum-care-in-malawi-a-cross-sectional-survey
#3
Naoko Kozuki, Lolade Oseni, Angella Mtimuni, Reena Sethi, Tambudzai Rashidi, Fannie Kachale, Barbara Rawlins, Shivam Gupta
This analysis seeks to identify strengths and gaps in the existing facility capacity for intrapartum and immediate postpartum fetal and neonatal care, using data collected as a part of Malawi's Helping Babies Breath program evaluation. From August to September 2012, the Maternal and Child Health Integrated Program (MCHIP) conducted a cross-sectional survey in 84 Malawian health facilities to capture current health facility service availability and readiness and health worker capacity and practice pertaining to labor, delivery, and immediate postpartum care...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300340/trainees-at-a-resuscitation-a-dual-liability
#4
Nancy H Stewart, Audrey Tanksley, Dana P Edelson, Vineet M Arora
BACKGROUND: During basic life support (BLS) training, medical students receive little instruction on their role during a resuscitation attempt. Research is sparse regarding trainee perceptions of the resuscitation team. This study sought to describe trainee experiences and perceptions of resuscitation teams. METHODS: Clinical third-year medical students (MS3s) and incoming interns (PGY1s) reported on survey items addressing prior BLS education, knowledge of BLS, and the student's perceptions and experiences during a resuscitation attempt...
March 16, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300046/final-year-nursing-students-in-nigeria-how-knowledgeable-and-prepared-are-they-to-offer-medical-care-to-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#5
Chimezie Godswill Okwuonu, Hannah Sylvanus Kanu, Ojeh-Oziegbe Odigie
BACKGROUND: Nurses play an important role in the management of chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients at primary, secondary, and tertiary levels of care. In other to perform their functions, it is pertinent that they have a good understanding of kidney functions and CKD. We do not know if the current educational curriculum prepares them adequately for this role. AIM: To assess the knowledge level of kidney functions and diseases among final year nursing students in Abia State Nigeria...
January 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299542/understanding-and-improving-knowledge-of-cancer-survivorship-care-among-college-providers
#6
Alexandra M Psihogios, Helen Pauly-Hubbard, Lisa Schwartz, Jill P Ginsberg, Wendy Hobbie, Dava Szalda
This study aimed to assess college providers' basic knowledge of the health risks of young adult cancer survivors (YAS) and related care guidelines and to determine whether an educational in-service is an effective platform for increasing college health providers' knowledge about survivorship care at a large university health center. During phase 1, staff from college health centers and office of disabilities in the Philadelphia area (n = 40 staff members from 24 colleges/universities) completed a needs assessment on their experiences with YAS and preferences for education and care coordination...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285476/resuscitative-endovascular-balloon-occlusion-of-the-aorta-pushing-care-forward
#7
William Teeter, Anna Romagnoli, Jacob Glaser, Andrew D Fisher, Jason Pasley, Brian Scheele, Melanie Hoehn, Megan Brenner
BACKGROUND: Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA), used to temporize noncompressible and junctional hemorrhage, may be deployable to the forward environment. Our hypothesis was that nonsurgeon physicians and high-level military medical technicians would be able to learn the theory and insertion of REBOA. METHODS: US Army Special Operations Command medical personnel without prior endovascular experience were included. All participants received didactic instruction of the Basic Endovascular Skills for Trauma Course™ together, with individual evaluation of technical skills...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276614/adherence-to-confidentiality-principles-from-the-viewpoint-of-iranian-dental-students-a-multicenter-study
#8
A Ghodousi, M Abedzadeh, M Ketabi, Parichehr Zarean, Paridokht Zarean
INTRODUCTION: Confidentiality is a basic ethical principle appreciating human autonomy, relationships, and dignity and in medical research has a long history. In dental practice, it has the same importance as medical field. Therefore, providing patients with information about the confidentiality will promote their confidence in dental professionals and prevent legal conflicts. The present study sought to evaluate the knowledge and viewpoints of dental students about patient confidentiality...
March 9, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275609/the-domains-of-human-nutrition-the-importance-of-nutrition-education-in-academia-and-medical-schools
#9
Lorenzo M Donini, Francesco Leonardi, Mariangela Rondanelli, Giuseppe Banderali, Maurizio Battino, Enrico Bertoli, Alessandra Bordoni, Furio Brighenti, Riccardo Caccialanza, Giulia Cairella, Antonio Caretto, Hellas Cena, Manuela Gambarara, Maria Gabriella Gentile, Marcello Giovannini, Lucio Lucchin, Pietro Migliaccio, Francesco Nicastro, Fabrizio Pasanisi, Luca Piretta, Danilo Radrizzani, Carla Roggi, Giuseppe Rotilio, Luca Scalfi, Roberto Vettor, Federico Vignati, Nino C Battistini, Maurizio Muscaritoli
Human nutrition encompasses an extremely broad range of medical, social, commercial, and ethical domains and thus represents a wide, interdisciplinary scientific and cultural discipline. The high prevalence of both disease-related malnutrition and overweight/obesity represents an important risk factor for disease burden and mortality worldwide. It is the opinion of Federation of the Italian Nutrition Societies (FeSIN) that these two sides of the same coin, with their sociocultural background, are related to a low "nutritional culture" secondary, at least in part, to an insufficient academic training for health-care professionals (HCPs)...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275426/child-maltreatment-between-knowledge-attitude-and-beliefs-among-saudi-pediatricians-pediatric-residency-trainees-and-medical-students
#10
Yossef Alnasser, Amani Albijadi, Waad Abdullah, Dana Aldabeeb, Alanoud Alomair, Sara Alsaddiqi, Yara Alsalloum
BACKGROUND: Child maltreatment is not included in Saudi medical schools and pediatric residency curriculums, which might limit knowledge and spread misconceptions. Additionally, physicians might have different attitudes regarding reporting child abuse and neglect. In this study, we hypothesize that medical students and pediatric trainees have limited knowledge, oblivious attitude and misbeliefs regarding child maltreatment in comparison to experienced pediatricians. But, medical students and trainees might hold higher motives and willingness to learn about child maltreatment and their consequences...
April 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273238/evaluation-of-self-perception-of-mechanical-ventilation-knowledge-among-brazilian-final-year-medical-students-residents-and-emergency-physicians
#11
Fernando Sabia Tallo, Simone de Campos Vieira Abib, Alexandre Jorgi de Andrade Negri, Paulo Cesar, Renato Delascio Lopes, Antônio Carlos Lopes
OBJECTIVE: To present self-assessments of knowledge about mechanical ventilation made by final-year medical students, residents, and physicians taking qualifying courses at the Brazilian Society of Internal Medicine who work in urgent and emergency settings. METHODS: A 34-item questionnaire comprising different areas of knowledge and training in mechanical ventilation was given to 806 medical students, residents, and participants in qualifying courses at 11 medical schools in Brazil...
February 1, 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261406/the-impact-of-see-the-city-you-serve-field-trip-an-educational-tool-for-teaching-social-determinants-of-health
#12
Aileen Y Chang, Tracie L Bass, Monique Duwell, Jeffrey S Berger, Raksha Bangalore, Nancy S Lee, Richard L Amdur, Marcus Andrews, Esme Fahnestock, Lamek Kahsay, Jehan El-Bayoumi
BACKGROUND : There has been limited evaluation of tools for teaching social determinants of health (SDOH). OBJECTIVE : We evaluated a field trip as a tool for teaching SDOH to incoming medical interns. METHODS : Incoming interns from The George Washington University participated in a bus field trip of Washington, DC, guided by community partners. The field trip introduced trainees to local neighborhoods. Pre- and postactivity surveys developed by the authors were analyzed using a Wilcoxon signed rank test...
February 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259605/hands-on-physics-education-of-residents-in-diagnostic-radiology
#13
Jie Zhang, Peter A Hardy, David J DiSantis, M Elizabeth Oates
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The American Board of Radiology Core Examination integrates assessment of physics knowledge into its overall testing of clinical radiology, with an emphasis on understanding image quality and artifacts, radiation dose, and patient safety for each modality or subspecialty organ system. Accordingly, achieving a holistic approach to physics education of radiology residents is a huge challenge. The traditional teaching of radiological physics-simply through didactic lectures-was not designed for such a holistic approach...
March 1, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252458/awareness-knowledge-and-practices-regarding-occupational-hazards-among-medical-students-a-longitudinal-study-before-and-after-admission-as-trainees
#14
Lutgart Braeckman, Mathieu Verbrugghe, Heidi Janssens, Rini Verpraet, Luc Cobbaut
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in knowledge, attitude, and preventive practices of students regarding occupational hazards before and after entering clinical training. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire was used to follow up a cohort of Belgian medical students in 2014 and 2015. Inquiries about students' characteristics, awareness, knowledge, and practices of protective measures were included. Descriptive and multivariable analyses were performed...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252442/latin-as-a-language-of-international-communicative-status-medicine-of-the-16th-17th-centuries
#15
O Bieliaieva, Yu Lysanets, M Melaschenko
The research paper is of interdisciplinary nature, written at the crossroads of the history of medicine, functional stylistics and terminology science. The choice of the 16th century as a starting point of the study is due to the fact that quality changes in book and manuscript writing that took place during this period led to unprecedented development and dissemination of scientific knowledge, including biomedical. The 16th century embraces the life and work of such prominent figures in the history of medicine, as Andreas Vesalius, Gabriele Fallopian, Bartolomeo Eustachi, and Girolamo Fracastoro...
January 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250486/developing-competency-in-post-graduate-students-of-anaesthesiology-for-taking-informed-consent-for-elective-caesarean-section
#16
Kamla Harshad Mehta, Vandana Saurin Shah, Kirti Dhirajlal Patel
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Post-graduate medical students (residents) generally lack effective communication skills required to obtain informed consent. The aim of this study was to assess role play and group discussion as teaching/learning tools for improving residents' knowledge on informed consent and competency in communicating while taking informed consent. METHODS: This prospective, observational study was conducted on 30 anaesthesia residents. They were first observed while obtaining informed consent and their basic knowledge regarding communication skills was checked with a pre-test questionnaire...
February 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248411/reflective-journals-unmasking-student-perceptions-of-anatomical-education
#17
Lelika Lazarus, Reshma Sookrajh, Kapil Sewsaran Satyapal
In medical education, reflection has been considered to be a core skill in professional competence. The anatomy laboratory is an ideal setting for faculty/student interaction and provides invaluable opportunities for active learning and reflection on anatomical knowledge. This study was designed to record student attitudes regarding human cadaveric dissection, explore their experiences of anatomy through an analysis of their journal-reflective writings and determine whether this type of creative writing had a beneficial effect on those students who chose to complete them...
March 1, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247316/selecting-potential-pharmacological-interventions-in-sarcopenia
#18
Amanda J Kilsby, Avan A Sayer, Miles D Witham
Sarcopenia of age is prevalent and costly and proven pharmacological interventions are currently lacking. The pathophysiology of sarcopenia is incompletely understood but appears to involve multiple pathways, including inflammation, hormonal dysregulation, impaired regeneration, mitochondrial dysfunction and denervation. There are several ways in which we might select potential pharmacological interventions for testing in clinical trials. These include a 'bottom-up' approach using basic science to elucidate the molecular processes involved and identify potential targets from this knowledge-a strategy that has led to the development of myostatin inhibitors...
April 2017: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245868/institutional-factors-affecting-participation-in-national-faculty-development-programs-a-nation-wide-investigation-of-medical-schools
#19
Do-Hwan Kim, Jinyoung Hwang, Seunghee Lee, Jwa-Seop Shin
BACKGROUND: Medical schools have used faculty development programs as an essential means to improve the instruction of faculty members. Thus far, however, participating in such programs has been largely voluntary for individuals even though a certain degree of participation is required to achieve practical effectiveness. In addition, the learning behaviors of faculty members are known to be influenced by organizational contexts such as a hidden curriculum. Therefore, this study explored the organizational characteristics of medical schools affecting attendance at faculty development programs...
February 28, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243670/narrative-review-of-frameworks-for-translating-research-evidence-into-policy-and-practice
#20
Andrew J Milat, Ben Li
BACKGROUND: A significant challenge in research translation is that interested parties interpret and apply the associated terms and conceptual frameworks in different ways. The purpose of this review was to: a) examine different research translation frameworks; b) examine the similarities and differences between the frameworks; and c) identify key strengths and weaknesses of the models when they are applied in practice. METHODS: The review involved a keyword search of PubMed...
February 15, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
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