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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788007/knowledge-about-stroke-in-belo-horizonte-brazil-a-community-based-study-using-an-innovative-video-approach
#1
Fidel Meira, Daiane Magalhães, Luiz Sérgio da Silva, Ana Clara Mendonça E Silva, Gisele Sampaio Silva
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Stroke is a leading cause of death in Brazil. Knowledge about the clinical manifestations of stroke as well as its risk factors and its management is still poor in the country. We intended to assess the stroke knowledge of an urban population in Belo Ho-rizonte, Brazil. METHODS: Individuals assisted by a basic health unit were interviewed between February and August 2014. After demographic data collection, the participants were asked to watch a video that consisted of a person presenting stroke signals and they were asked to answer questions about the condition shown on the video...
May 22, 2018: Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786567/how-to-incorporate-academic-writing-pedagogy-in-undergraduate-and-postgraduate-medical-education
#2
Viktoriia G Kostenko, Iryna M Solohor
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Medical researchers, who are non-native English speakers, are facing now the growing need to publish their research results in international journals switching to an English-only policy, to apply for grants and scholarship, but at the same time this puts many authors whose native language is not English at a disadvantage compared to their English-speaking counterparts. The aim: This paper aims at analysing the existing parameters of academic writing proficiency of medical undergraduate and postgraduate students; elucidating current approaches to develop academic writing competency and to promote academic multi-literacy of junior researchers, and outlining the general recommendations to improve the quality and sophistication of their writing by incorporating the principles and achievements of academic writing pedagogy into the system of medical training...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783260/-methods-of-diagnosis-of-non-specific-and-specific-lymphideniates-of-the-jaw-facial-part-in-children-literature-review
#3
Pavlo I Tkachenko, Yurii B Lobach, Sergii O Bilokon, Vitalina O Dobroskok, Yuliia V Popelo
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Insufficient basic knowledge on the mechanisms of the multifactoral etiology and pathogenesis of various forms of maxillofacial lymphadenitis of odontogenic and non-odontogenic nature in children causes difficulties in making differential diagnosis. The algorithm of their examination involves a large number of methods, each of which has its own advantages and disadvantages with variable informativeness, depending on the particular situation. The aim: The paper is aimed atfamiliarization of broad medical public with informativeness of diagnostic measures in the nonspecific and specific affection of lymph nodes of the maxillofacial area in children...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781697/the-roles-training-and-knowledge-of-community-health-workers-about-diabetes-and-hypertension-in-khayelitsha-cape-town
#4
Lungiswa P Tsolekile, Helen Schneider, Thandi Puoane
BACKGROUND:  The current roles and capacity of community health workers (CHWs) in the management and control of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) remain poorly understood. OBJECTIVES:  To assess CHWs' current roles, training and knowledge about diabetes and hypertension in Khayelitsha, Cape Town. METHODS:  A cross-sectional study of 150 CHWs from two non-governmental organisations contracted to provide NCD care as part of a comprehensive package of services was conducted...
March 26, 2018: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779284/-investigation-on-level-and-influencing-factors-of-first-aid-knowledge-among-dentists-in-sichuan-province
#5
Yu Qiu, Yuan-Yuan Li, Tian-Guo Li, Yi-Ge Chen, Jing-Jun Kong, Jian Pan
OBJECTIVE: The study aims to investigate the cognition degree and influencing factors of first aid knowledge among dentists in Sichuan province, and to provide suggestions for the training of oral clinician. METHODS: A questionnaire was designed for this study. It included the basic situation of population, first aid knowledge level, emergency situation often encountered in stomatology clinic, first aid training situation, learning approach and attitude of first aid knowledge, etc...
April 1, 2018: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775771/a-detailed-analysis-of-the-arden-syntax-expression-grammar
#6
Stefan Kraus, Marc Rosenbauer, Lutz Schröder, Thomas Bürkle, Klaus-Peter Adlassnig, Dennis Toddenroth
OBJECTIVE: The Arden Syntax for Medical Logic Systems is a standard for encoding and sharing medical knowledge in the form of Medical Logic Modules. To improve accessibility for clinicians, the originators of the standard deliberately designed Arden Syntax expressions to resemble natural language, and parentheses around operands are not generally required. For certain patterns of nested expressions, however, the use of parentheses is mandatory, otherwise they are not accepted by an Arden Syntax environment...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775382/data-mining-cmmss-how-to-convert-data-into-knowledge
#7
Larry Fennigkoh, D Courtney Nanney
Although the healthcare technology management (HTM) community has decades of accumulated medical device-related maintenance data, little knowledge has been gleaned from these data. Finding and extracting such knowledge requires the use of the well-established, but admittedly somewhat foreign to HTM, application of inferential statistics. This article sought to provide a basic background on inferential statistics and describe a case study of their application, limitations, and proper interpretation. The research question associated with this case study involved examining the effects of ventilator preventive maintenance (PM) labor hours, age, and manufacturer on needed unscheduled corrective maintenance (CM) labor hours...
January 2018: Biomedical Instrumentation & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765260/attitude-and-perception-of-undergraduate-medical-students-toward-the-problem-based-learning-in-chitwan-medical-college-nepal
#8
Ram Lochan Yadav, Rano Mal Piryani, Gopendra Prasad Deo, Dev Kumar Shah, Laxmi Kumari Yadav, Md Nazrul Islam
Background: Problem-based learning (PBL) was introduced into Basic Medical Sciences early in the 1980s at Tribhuvan University (TU), Nepal, followed by other universities where didactic lecture method was still followed as the main teaching strategy. Despite gaining its popularity worldwide as integrated teaching learning method, PBL is not given importance in Nepal. This study aimed to assess the attitude and perceptions of undergraduate medical students regarding learning outcomes of PBL and to know their views about role and qualities of effective tutors for its successful implementation...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760363/-education-of-physiology-in-nursing-school-common-issues-and-measures-with-pharmacology
#9
Yuka Saeki
Anatomy, physiology or pharmacology is the important subject in nursing education. Nursing education is established in a law since 1951. Although the law is revised many times according to social situation, the subjects like physiology have been positioned as a basic specialized subject in the law now. Physiology is educated at 1st grade in most nursing school. However, there are some problems in educating physiology. First, academic ability in nursing students tend to decline recently. For example, there are some students who cannot solve simple arithmetic...
2018: Nihon Yakurigaku Zasshi. Folia Pharmacologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755849/accreditation-in-india-pathways-and-mechanisms
#10
Swaptagni Das, Manan Shah, Amey Mane, Vishal Goyal, Vikram Singh, Jayesh Lele
Continuing medical education (CME) is a valuable mechanism to update physicians' knowledge with ever-increasing plethora of contemporary advances within medical fraternity. Over time, scope of CME has seen change from simple clinical updates to comprehensive continuing professional development (CPD), which is accomplished with help of accredited CME programmes. The Medical Council of India, in 2011, made a mandatory resolution for doctors to attend minimum of 30 hours of CME/5 years to ensure recertification...
2018: Journal of European CME
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754417/teaching-paediatric-basic-life-support-in-medical-schools-using-peer-teaching-or-video-demonstration-a-prospective-randomised-trial
#11
Frederik Stephan, Hanjo Groetschel, Anja K Büscher, Deniz Serdar, Kjell A Groes, Rainer Büscher
AIM: The outcome of children with an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is still poor, but bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation can increase survival and minimise severe neurological sequelae. While teaching basic life support is standardised in emergency medicine classes, paediatric basic life support (PBLS) in neonates and toddlers is under-represented in paediatric curricula during university education. The appropriate mixture of E-learning and peer teaching lessons remains controversial in teaching paediatric basic skills...
May 13, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750427/evaluation-of-knowledge-of-students-in-paediatric-dentistry-concerning-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-skills-in-children
#12
L M De Mauro, L B Oliveira, C De Cássia Bergamaschi, J C Ramacciato, R H L Motta
AIM: The study evaluated the theoretical knowledge and practical ability of students in paediatric dentistry concerning basic life support (BLS) and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in children and babies. METHODS: Seventy paediatric dentistry students answered a questionnaire and also performed a simulation of the manoeuvres of BLS and CPR on baby and child manikins. RESULTS: The results showed that 41 (58%) students had never received BLS training...
May 10, 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732677/creation-and-implementation-of-a-flipped-jigsaw-activity-to-stimulate-interest-in-biochemistry-among-medical-students
#13
Charlene Williams, Susan Perlis, John Gaughan, Sangita Phadtare
Learner-centered pedagogical methods that are based on clinical application of basic science concepts through active learning and problem solving are shown to be effective for improving knowledge retention. As the clinical relevance of biochemistry is not always apparent to health-profession students, effective teaching of medical biochemistry should highlight the implications of biochemical concepts in pathology, minimize memorization, and make the concepts memorable for long-term retention. Here, we report the creation and successful implementation of a flipped jigsaw activity that was developed to stimulate interest in learning biochemistry among medical students...
May 6, 2018: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726069/does-the-delivery-of-diagnostic-news-affect-the-likelihood-of-whether-or-not-patients-ask-questions-about-the-results-a-conversation-analytical-study
#14
Ged M Murtagh, Anne L Thomas, Lynn Furber
BACKGROUND: Asymmetries in knowledge and competence in the medical encounter often mean that doctor-patient communication can be compromised. This study explores this issue and examines whether the likelihood of patient question asking is increased following the delivery of diagnostic test results. It also examines whether that likelihood is related to the way in which the test results are delivered. OBJECTIVE: To examine when and how patients initiate questions following diagnostic news announcements...
May 3, 2018: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724984/a-study-on-the-korean-medicine-education-and-the-changes-in-the-traditional-korean-medicine-during-the-japanese-colonial-era-focused-on-the-korean-medicine-training-schools
#15
Yongyuan Huang
The modern education institutes play an important role in fostering professional talents, reproducing knowledge and studies, and forming the identities of certain academic fields and vocational communities. It is a matter of common knowledge that the absence of an official Korean medicine medical school during the Japanese colonial era was a severely disadvantageous factor in the aspects of academic progress, fostering follow-up personnel, and establishment of social capability. Therefore, the then Korean medicine circle put emphasis on inadequate official education institutes as the main factor behind oppression...
April 2018: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720167/development-of-a-neonatal-curriculum-for-medical-students-in-zimbabwe-a-cross-sectional-survey
#16
Simbarashe Chimhuya, Bothwell Mbuwayesango, Eva M Aagaard, Kusum J Nathoo
BACKGROUND: Calls have been made to reassess the curricula of medical schools throughout the world to adopt competence-based programs that address the healthcare needs of society. Zimbabwe is a country characterized by a high neonatal mortality rate of 24 per 1000 live births. The current research sought to determine the content and appropriate teaching strategies needed to guide the development of an undergraduate neonatal curriculum map for medical students at the University of Zimbabwe College of Health Sciences...
May 2, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716430/the-best-choice-of-equipment-to-obtain-high-quality-standardised-results-in-intra-oral-photography-a-comparison-between-the-common-practice-in-the-uk-and-the-gold-standard-set-by-the-literature
#17
Laura Marcato, Jonathan Sandler
Since digital technology made dental photography widely available, photographers have been trying to establish the 'gold standard' when obtaining intra-oral photographs. A basic knowledge of photographic principles, familiarity with particular dental techniques and a correct choice and use of equipment contribute significantly both to the standardisation and quality of photographs. A recent survey between members of the Institute of Medical Illustrators shed a light on the current practice in the UK. Medical photographers do not always have access to the full range of suitable equipment...
April 2018: Journal of Visual Communication in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710354/faculty-vitality-in-osteopathic-medical-schools-a-pilot-study
#18
Adrienne Z Ables, Liang Shan, India L Broyles
Context: Faculty vitality is defined as the synergy between high levels of satisfaction, productivity, and engagement that enables faculty members to maximize their professional success and achieve goals in concert with institutional goals. Many studies have examined faculty development efforts with regard to satisfaction, retention, or vitality, but, to the authors' knowledge, they have all been conducted in allopathic medical schools and academic health centers. Objective: To examine faculty vitality in osteopathic medical schools and address contributors to productivity, engagement, and career satisfaction...
May 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703206/equity-in-patient-experiences-of-primary-care-in-community-health-centers-using-primary-care-assessment-tool-a-comparison-of-rural-to-urban-migrants-and-urban-locals-in-guangdong-china
#19
Chenwen Zhong, Li Kuang, Lina Li, Yuan Liang, Jie Mei, Li Li
BACKGROUND: The equity of rural-to-urban migrants' health care utilization is already on China's agenda. The Chinese government has been embarking on efforts to improve the financial and geographical accessibility of health care for migrants by strengthening primary care services and providing universal coverage. Patient experiences are equally vital to migrants' health care utilization. To our knowledge, no studies have focused on equity in the patient experiences between migrants and locals...
April 27, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699593/can-elearning-be-used-to-teach-palliative-care-medical-students-acceptance-knowledge-and-self-estimation-of-competence-in-palliative-care-after-elearning
#20
Christian Schulz-Quach, Ursula Wenzel-Meyburg, Katharina Fetz
BACKGROUND: Undergraduate palliative care education (UPCE) was mandatorily incorporated in medical education in Germany in 2009. Implementation of the new cross-sectional examination subject of palliative care (QB13) continues to be a major challenge for medical schools. It is clear that there is a need among students for more UPCE. On the other hand, there is a lack of teaching resources and patient availabilities for the practical lessons. Digital media and elearning might be one solution to this problem...
April 27, 2018: BMC Medical Education
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