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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532722/examining-perceived-and-actual-diabetes-knowledge-among-nurses-working-in-a-tertiary-hospital
#1
Abdulellah Alotaibi, Leila Gholizadeh, Ali Al-Ganmi, Lin Perry
BACKGROUND: With the worldwide increase in the incidence and prevalence of diabetes, there has been an increase in the scope and scale of nursing care and education required for patients with diabetes. The high prevalence of diabetes in Saudi Arabia makes this a particular priority for this country. AIM: The aim of this study was to examine nurses' perceived and actual knowledge of diabetes and its care and management in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A convenience sample of 423 nurses working in Prince Sultan Medical Military City in Saudi Arabia was surveyed in this descriptive, cross-sectional study...
June 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532515/what-do-we-know-about-assessing-healthcare-students-and-professionals-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-regarding-female-genital-mutilation-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Jasmine Abdulcadir, Lale Say, Christina Pallitto
INTRODUCTION: Improving healthcare providers' capacities of prevention and treatment of female genital mutilation (FGM) is important given the fact that 200 million women and girls globally are living with FGM. However, training programs are lacking and often not evaluated. Validated and standardized tools to assess providers' knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) regarding FGM are lacking. Therefore, little evidence exists on the impact of training efforts on healthcare providers' KAP on FGM...
May 22, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527481/rethinking-anatomy-how-to-overcome-challenges-of-medical-education-s-evolution
#3
REVIEW
Bruno Guimarães, Luís Dourado, Stanislav Tsisar, José Miguel Diniz, Maria Dulce Madeira, Maria Amélia Ferreira
INTRODUCTION: Due to scientific and technological development, Medical Education has been readjusting its focus and strategies. Medical curriculum has been adopting a vertical integration model, in which basic and clinical sciences coexist during medical instruction. This context favours the introduction of new complementary technology-based pedagogical approaches. Thus, even traditional core sciences of medical curriculum, like Anatomy, are refocusing their teaching/learning paradigm...
February 27, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527134/comparison-of-nurses-and-general-caregivers-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-on-medication-administration-process-and-their-distress-level-in-long-term-care-facilities-across-penang-kuala-lumpur-and-selangor-of-malaysia
#4
Balamurugan Tangiisuran, Sok Cin Tye, May Yen Leow, Rahmat Awang
AIM: Comparing nurses and general caregivers' knowledge, attitude, and practices (KAP) on medication administration process in long-term care (LTC) setting and an assessment of their stress, anxiety, and depression (SAD) level. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among nurses and general caregivers working in LTC using a validated questionnaire. Consisting of demographic characteristics (Section 1); 40 questions on KAP (Section 2); and assessment of Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale (DASS-21) (Section 3)...
May 19, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524747/health-care-students-at-an-argentinean-school-of-medicine-are-they-well-prepared-to-provide-quality-sexual-and-reproductive-health-services
#5
Belén Provenzano-Castro, Silvia Oizerovich, Babill Stray-Pedersen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to assess what students of the University of Buenos Aires School of Medicine learn about sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and rights, focusing particularly on their knowledge of accessibility to contraception and abortion legislation. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, self-administered, anonymous questionnaires were administered to 760 first year students and to 695 final year students from different fields of study (medicine, midwifery, nursing, radiology, nutrition, speech therapy and physiotherapy) between 2011 and 2013...
May 19, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522038/injectable-and-topical-neurotoxins-in-dermatology-basic-science-anatomy-and-therapeutic-agents
#6
REVIEW
Cerrene N Giordano, Seth L Matarasso, David M Ozog
Botulinum toxin is a potentially deadly anaerobic bacterial toxin that acts by inhibiting release of acetylcholine at the neuromuscular junction, thereby inhibiting contraction of the exposed striated muscle. There are currently 4 botulinum toxin preparations approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA): onabotulinumtoxin, abobotulinumtoxin, incobotulinumtoxin and rimabotulinumtoxin. While significant overlap exists, each product has unique properties and specifications, including dosing, diffusion, and storage...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521383/-quality-management-for-surgeons-the-knowledge-of-basic-contexts-and-innovative-strategies-promotes-the-competitiveness-of-clinical-department
#7
Wolfgang Hellmann
Efficient quality management aiming to achieve high quality in patient care is crucial to the success of a surgery department. This requires the knowledge of relevant terms und contexts of quality management. Implementation remains difficult in the light of demographic change and skills shortage. If a hospital has an efficient internal quality management in place, this should be used as a supplementary instrument. Otherwise it is the (sole) task of a specialist department to ensure quality for patients, employees, and cooperative partners...
May 18, 2017: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513887/geriatrics-for-specialists-initiative-an-eleven-specialty-collaboration-to-improve-care-of-older-adults
#8
Andrew G Lee, John A Burton, Nancy E Lundebjerg
In the early 1990s, visionary leaders at the American Geriatrics Society and The John A. Hartford Foundation recognized that the marked and growing shortage of geriatrics healthcare professionals would lead to a U.S. healthcare system ill prepared to provide optimal care for the ever-increasing number of older Americans. Led by the late Dennis W. Jahnigen, MD, they set forth a plan to address this shortage by collaborating with surgical and related medical specialists to create a series of programs to foster the highest quality care of older adults...
May 17, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504028/essential-competencies-in-global-health-research-for-medical-trainees-a-narrative-review
#9
Mary T White, Caley A Satterfield, Jason T Blackard
INTRODUCTION: Participation in short-term educational experiences in global health (STEGHs) among medical trainees is increasingly accompanied by interest in conducting research while abroad. Because formal training in both global health and research methods is currently under-represented in most medical curricula, trainees are often unfamiliar with the knowledge, attitudes, and skills necessary to design and conduct research successfully. This narrative review identifies essential global health research competencies for medical trainees engaged in STEGHs...
May 14, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498553/fundamentals-of-clinical-pharmacology-with-application-for-pregnant-women
#10
REVIEW
Avinash S Patil, Jessica Sheng, Sarah K Dotters-Katz, Maria S Schmoll, Mitchell Onslow, Rebecca C Pierson
Medication use is common in pregnancy, yet for most medications the optimal formulation and dosage have not been described specifically for pregnant women. Often, adverse effects are only discovered anecdotally or after extensive off-label use occurs. Since pharmacologic research that includes pregnant women is sparse and animal studies are often not applicable to the human fetus, providers must use knowledge of drug behavior and normal physiologic changes of pregnancy to personalize treatment for pregnant women...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493254/h%C3%A3-rger%C3%A3-teversorgung-f%C3%A3-r-erwachsene
#11
Thomas Berger, Sylvia Meuret, Andreas Dietz
The identification and treatment of hearing disorders belong to the fundamental tasks of an ENT-specialist. In this context the fitting of hearing aids has a special relevance. To verify a highly qualified medical care the knowledge of the audiological threshold values for the indication of the fitting of hearing aids and the detection of early signs for impaired communication are essential. The current quality assurance agreement defines technical and steric conditions pertaining to hearing aid fitting in the context of statutory health insurance...
April 2017: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492121/south-african-medical-students-perceptions-and-knowledge-about-antibiotic-resistance-and-appropriate-prescribing-are-we-providing-adequate-training-to-future-prescribers
#12
Sean Wasserman, Samantha Potgieter, Evan Shoul, Deborah Constant, Annemie Stewart, Marc Mendelson, Tom H Boyles
BACKGROUND: Education of medical students has been identified by the World Health Organization as an important aspect of antibiotic resistance (ABR) containment. Surveys from high-income countries consistently reveal that medical students recognise the importance of antibiotic prescribing knowledge, but feel inadequately prepared and require more education on how to make antibiotic choices. The attitudes and knowledge of South African (SA) medical students regarding ABR and antibiotic prescribing have never been evaluated...
April 25, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490416/development-and-assessment-of-an-e-learning-course-on-pediatric-cardiology-basics
#13
Ana Cristina Oliveira, Sandra Mattos, Miguel Coimbra
BACKGROUND: Early detection of congenital heart disease is a worldwide problem. This is more critical in developing countries, where shortage of professional specialists and structural health care problems are a constant. E-learning has the potential to improve capacity, by overcoming distance barriers and by its ability to adapt to the reduced time of health professionals. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to develop an e-learning pediatric cardiology basics course and evaluate its pedagogical impact and user satisfaction...
May 10, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479634/clinical-management-of-children-with-fever-a-cross-sectional-study-of-quality-of-care-in-rural-zambia
#14
Karsten Lunze, Godfrey Biemba, J Joseph Lawrence, William B MacLeod, Kojo Yeboah-Antwi, Kebby Musokotwane, Toyin Ajayi, Simon Mutembo, Chilunga Puta, Duncan Earle, Rick Steketee, Davidson H Hamer
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate current practices and standards of evaluation and treatment of childhood febrile illness in Southern Province, Zambia. METHODS: From November to December 2013, we conducted a cross-sectional survey of facilities and health workers and we observed the health workers' interactions with febrile children and their caregivers. The facility survey recorded level of staffing, health services provided by the facility, availability and adequacy of medical equipment, availability of basic drugs and supplies and availability of treatment charts and guidelines...
May 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469459/cardiac-evaluation-and-monitoring-of-patients-undergoing-noncardiac-surgery
#15
REVIEW
Arsalan Rafiq, Eduard Sklyar, Jonathan N Bella
Surgical management of disease has a tremendous impact on our health system. Millions of people worldwide undergo surgeries every year. Cardiovascular complications in the perioperative period are one of the most common events leading to increased morbidity and mortality. Although such events are very small in number, they are associated with a high mortality rate making it essential for physicians to understand the importance of perioperative cardiovascular risk assessment and evaluation. Its involves a detailed process of history taking, patient's medical profile, medications being used, functional status of the patient, and knowledge about the surgical procedure and its inherent risks...
2017: Health Services Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464548/comparison-of-physical-examination-performance-of-medical-students-trained-by-musculoskeletal-versus-non-musculoskeletal-specialists
#16
Luciano Melo, Leslie Schrieber, Jillian Eyles, Leticia A Deveza, Sarah R F Meneses, David J Hunter
AIM: To compare the musculoskeletal (MSK) physical examination skills, knowledge acquisition and performance of first-year medical students trained by MSK specialist tutors to students trained by non-MSK specialist tutors, after a 6-week MSK physical examination tutorial program. METHODS: Twenty-first year medical students took part in the study. They were recruited into two groups, according to their exposure to either an MSK specialist or a non-MSK specialist tutor during their 6-week MSK training block...
May 2, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460709/assessment-of-knowledge-in-palliative-care-of-physical-therapists-students-at-a-university-hospital-in-brazil
#17
Livia R Zalaf, Mayara S Bianchim, Daniel A Alveno
BACKGROUND: In Brazil there are several challenges to reach a humanized health care. Among them is the well-known lack in academic education and training in palliative care field. This lack is mostly due to the modern medical care culture that prioritize curative medicine ahead of palliative care. As the goal of saving lives is rooted in medical training, death is still confronted as the main enemy of the health professionals. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the knowledge of palliative care among the physical therapists of a University Hospital...
March 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459869/health-rights-knowledge-among-medical-school-students-at-king-abdulaziz-university-jeddah-saudi-arabia
#18
Samia M Al-Amoudi, Abdullah A Al-Harbi, Nasser Y Al-Sayegh, Basem S Eldeek, Souzan M Kafy, Mahmoud S Al-Ahwal, Nabeel S Bondagji
BACKGROUND: Health care is a basic human right, and Saudi Arabia affirms these rights for all its citizens. OBJECTIVES: To assess the knowledge of medical students regarding health rights in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at King Abdulaziz University (KAU) from September 2015 through November 2015. A questionnaire written in English collected demographic data and included questions about reproductive health care and health rights of women and patients with cancer, senility, or special needs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458758/knowledge-attitude-and-anxiety-pertaining-to-basic-life-support-and-medical-emergencies-among-dental-interns-in-mangalore-city-india
#19
Vinej Somaraj, Rekha P Shenoy, Ganesh Shenoy Panchmal, Praveen S Jodalli, Laxminarayan Sonde, Ravichandra Karkal
BACKGROUND: This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude and anxiety pertaining to basic life support (BLS) and medical emergencies among interns in dental colleges of Mangalore city, Karnataka, India. METHODS: The study subjects comprised of interns who volunteered from the four dental colleges. The knowledge and attitude of interns were assessed using a 30-item questionnaire prepared based on the Basic Life Support Manual from American Heart Association and the anxiety of interns pertaining to BLS and medical emergencies were assessed using a State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) Questionnaire...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447145/-recommendations-for-education-in-ultrasound-in-medical-intensive-care-and-emergency-medicine-position-paper-of-dgiin-degum-and-dgk
#20
G Michels, H Zinke, M Möckel, D Hempel, C Busche, U Janssens, S Kluge, R Riessen, M Buerke, M Kelm, R S von Bardeleben, F Knebel, H-J Busch
Point-of-care ultrasound in acute care medicine is a prerequisite for diagnosis and therapy monitoring of critically ill patients. There is currently no uniform education strategy for medical intensive care and emergency medicine. As part of the basic level, the trainee takes theoretical and clinical training covering abdominal and thoracic ultrasonography and focused cardiovascular ultrasound. In a second step, special knowledge and skills can be acquired at an expert level. This two-stage concept is intended to guarantee quality assurance in ultrasound education in medical intensive care and emergency medicine...
May 2017: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
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