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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445196/the-use-of-a-fresh-tissue-cadaver-model-for-the-instruction-of-dermatological-procedures-a-laboratory-study-for-training-medical-students
#1
Jose A Cervantes, Collin M Costello, Melody Maarouf, Hilary C McCrary, Nathalie C Zeitouni
BACKGROUND: A realistic model for the instruction of basic dermatologic procedural skills was developed, while simultaneously increasing medical student exposure to the field of dermatology. OBJECTIVE: The primary purpose of the authors' study was to evaluate the utilization of a fresh-tissue cadaver model (FTCM) as a method for the instruction of common dermatologic procedures. The authors' secondary aim was to assess students' perceived clinical skills and overall perception of the field of dermatology after the lab...
April 24, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439010/cyclops-reveals-human-transcriptional-rhythms-in-health-and-disease
#2
Ron C Anafi, Lauren J Francey, John B Hogenesch, Junhyong Kim
Circadian rhythms modulate many aspects of physiology. Knowledge of the molecular basis of these rhythms has exploded in the last 20 years. However, most of these data are from model organisms, and translation to clinical practice has been limited. Here, we present an approach to identify molecular rhythms in humans from thousands of unordered expression measurements. Our algorithm, cyclic ordering by periodic structure (CYCLOPS), uses evolutionary conservation and machine learning to identify elliptical structure in high-dimensional data...
April 24, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434754/-patient-safety-culture-in-family-practice-residents-of-galicia
#3
Manuel Portela Romero, Rosendo Bugarín González, María Sol Rodríguez Calvo
OBJECTIVE: To determine the views held by Family practice (FP) residents on the different dimensions of patient safety, in order to identify potential areas for improvement. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. LOCATION: Seven FP of Galicia teaching units. PARTICIPANTS: 182 FP residents who completed the Medical Office Survey on Patient Safety Culture questionnaire. MEASUREMENTS: The Medical Office Survey on Patient Safety Culture questionnaire was chosen because it is translated, validated, and adapted to the Spanish model of Primary Care...
April 20, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434131/knowing-how-and-knowing-why-testing-the-effect-of-instruction-designed-for-cognitive-integration-on-procedural-skills-transfer
#4
Jeffrey J H Cheung, Kulamakan M Kulasegaram, Nicole N Woods, Carol-Anne Moulton, Charlotte V Ringsted, Ryan Brydges
Transfer is a desired outcome of simulation-based training, yet evidence for how instructional design features promote transfer is lacking. In clinical reasoning, transfer is improved when trainees experience instruction integrating basic science explanations with clinical signs and symptoms. To test whether integrated instruction has similar effects in procedural skills (i.e., psychomotor skills) training, we studied the impact of instruction that integrates conceptual (why) and procedural (how) knowledge on the retention and transfer of simulation-based lumbar puncture (LP) skill...
April 22, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427405/ceiling-effect-in-emr-system-assimilation-a-multiple-case-study-in-primary-care-family-practices
#5
Marie-Claude Trudel, Josianne Marsan, Guy Paré, Louis Raymond, Ana Ortiz de Guinea, Éric Maillet, Thomas Micheneau
BACKGROUND: There has been indisputable growth in adoption of electronic medical record (EMR) systems in the recent years. However, physicians' progress in using these systems has stagnated when measured with maturity scales. While this so-called ceiling effect has been observed and its consequences described in previous studies, there is a paucity of research on the elements that could explain such an outcome. We first suggest that in the context of EMR systems we are in presence of a "tiered ceiling effect" and then we show why such phenomenon occurs...
April 20, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425891/teaching-psychology-in-medicine-the-context-methodologies-and-doctor-s-professional-identity
#6
REVIEW
Silvia Ouakinin
INTRODUCTION: Teaching Psychology in medical curriculum has been the subject of numerous dissertations that focus on the relevance of this knowledge for doctors, at a general level. METHODS: A non-systematic review of the relevant literature, particularly from the last decade, as well as national and international recommendations addressing the need for integration of behavioural and social sciences in medical training, was performed. RESULTS: The literature supports the existence of preconceptions and negative attitudes towards the role of psychology in medical education, demonstrated by research in various european and american universities...
December 30, 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422288/general-dentists-awareness-of-how-to-cope-with-medical-emergencies-in-paediatric-dental-patients
#7
Ivana Čuković-Bagić, Sandra Hrvatin, Jesenka Jeličić, Dubravka Negovetić Vranić, Mirjana Kujundžić Tiljak, Hrvoje Pezo, Luc Marks
BACKGROUND: General dentists (GDs) should be aware of the symptoms, signs, diagnoses and treatment of medical emergencies in paediatric patients. AIM: To evaluate the knowledge of GDs in coping with medical emergencies, and to identify whether they are confident to diagnose and treat medical emergencies in paediatric patients. DESIGN: The questionnaire was conducted immediately before the beginning of national dental meetings and continuing education seminars in Croatia, attended by the GDs, in order to obtain a representative sample...
April 19, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417030/knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-basic-life-support-among-health-students-at-a-saudi-women-s-university
#8
Maha A Al-Mohaissen
OBJECTIVES: Awareness of basic life support (BLS) is paramount to ensure the provision of essential life-saving medical care in emergency situations. This study aimed to measure knowledge of BLS and attitudes towards BLS training among female health students at a women's university in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This prospective cross-sectional study took place between January and April 2016 at five health colleges of the Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
February 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406418/collective-poisoning-from-sea-turtle-consumption-in-mahajanga-madagascar-may-2014
#9
N G Rasamimanana, Z Z Andrianirina, F M F Razafilalaina, L M P Rakotozanany, N C Andriamalala, D Andrianarimanana, D O Tiandaza, N E Raveloson
Poisoning from eating sea turtles, medically known as chelonitoxism, is seen especially in coastal areas. It remains a public health problem in Madagascar, despite a ban on hunting these animals. The objective of this study was to describe its epidemiological and clinical aspects and outcome to improve knowledge and prevention of this type of poisoning. Chelonitoxism occurred in May 2014, affecting the population in Antsanitia, a fishing village in northwest Mahajanga, Madagascar. All patients came first to the CSB I basic health center in Antsanitia and were subsequently hospitalized at the Mahajanga CHU Pzaga, 51 in the adult emergency department and 25 in the pediatrics department...
February 1, 2017: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406100/medication-calculation-and-administration-workshop-and-hurdle-assessment-increases-student-awareness-towards-the-importance-of-safe-practices-to-decrease-medication-errors-in-the-future
#10
Darlene Wallace, Torres Woolley, David Martin, Roy Rasalam, Maria Bellei
BACKGROUND: Medication errors are the second most frequently reported hospital incident in Australia and are a global concern. A "Medication Calculation and Administration" workshop followed by a "hurdle" assessment (compulsory task mandating a minimum level of performance as a condition of passing the course) was introduced into Year 2 of the James Cook University medical curriculum to decrease dosage calculation and administration errors among graduates. This study evaluates the effectiveness of this educational activity as a long-term strategy to teach medical students' essential skills in calculating and administering medications...
September 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393996/-interactive-tools-to-standardize-semiology-teaching
#11
Alejandro González, Bryan Vargas, Vicente González, Ignacio Reyes, Alberto Sarfatis
BACKGROUND: The learning process for medical semiology depends on multidisciplinary teaching activities, including simulation tools. These tools should achieve a standardization level aiming at a same level of basic knowledge in each student. AIM: To evaluate an interactive online semiology learning tool. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An interactive online learning method for medical semiology was developed. It focused mainly on physical examination and incorporated audiovisual and self-explanatory elements, to strengthen the acquisition of skills and basic knowledge for each standardized clinical learning simulation session...
December 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391811/a-study-of-emr-based-medical-knowledge-network-and-its-applications
#12
Chao Zhao, Jingchi Jiang, Zhiming Xu, Yi Guan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Electronic medical records (EMRs) contain an amount of medical knowledge which can be used for clinical decision support. We attempt to integrate this medical knowledge into a complex network, and then implement a diagnosis model based on this network. METHODS: The dataset of our study contains 992 records which are uniformly sampled from different departments of the hospital. In order to integrate the knowledge of these records, an EMR-based medical knowledge network (EMKN) is constructed...
May 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382415/the-case-for-the-genetic-nurse-in-south-africa
#13
REVIEW
Helen L Malherbe, Arnold L Christianson, David Woods, Colleen Aldous
The care and prevention of congenital disorders (CDs) is an emerging but unprioritised health need in South Africa (SA). Inadequate empirical data and underreporting conceal the true burden of CDs while medical genetic services to confront the problem have regressed. Positive epidemiological transition in the country now demands these services are improved to significantly further reduce child mortality. Current sector capacity in SA is inadequate and required personnel targets will not be reached quickly enough to meet the growing health need even if relevant posts are designated...
April 2017: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367387/comparison-of-knowledge-and-attitudes-regarding-hepatitis-b-among-healthcare-professionals-in-pakistan
#14
Asad Ali, Sara Khan, Saad M Malik, Muhammad Haris Iqbal, Muhammad Aadil
AIM: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a blood-borne infectious disease. It is one of the most common causes of end-stage liver disease, including cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Healthcare professionals, including medical and dental students, are at a high risk of acquiring this infection. The aim of this study was to compare and contrast the knowledge and attitudes toward HBV infection amongst doctors, dentists, nurses, and undergraduate final year medical and dental students. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: A cross-sectional study was carried out on a sample size of 381 medical professionals, which included doctors (59), dentists (77), nurses (71), final year medical students (126), and final year dental students (48) at Combined Military Hospital Lahore Medical College and Institute of Dentistry (CMH LMC)...
February 23, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367284/central-limit-theorem-the-cornerstone-of-modern-statistics
#15
REVIEW
Sang Gyu Kwak, Jong Hae Kim
According to the central limit theorem, the means of a random sample of size, n, from a population with mean, µ, and variance, σ(2), distribute normally with mean, µ, and variance, [Formula: see text]. Using the central limit theorem, a variety of parametric tests have been developed under assumptions about the parameters that determine the population probability distribution. Compared to non-parametric tests, which do not require any assumptions about the population probability distribution, parametric tests produce more accurate and precise estimates with higher statistical powers...
April 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363879/get-connected-development-and-pilot-testing-of-an-intervention-to-improve-computer-and-internet-attitudes-and-internet-use-among-women-living-with-hiv
#16
Gabriela Seplovich, Keith J Horvath, Lorlette J Haughton, Oni J Blackstock
BACKGROUND: For persons living with chronic medical conditions, the Internet can be a powerful tool for health promotion, and allow for immediate access to medical information and social support. However, women living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in the United States face numerous barriers to computer and Internet use. Health behavior change models suggest that the first step towards adopting a new health behavior is to improve attitudes towards that behavior. OBJECTIVE: To develop and pilot test Get+Connected, an intervention to improve computer and Internet attitudes and Internet use among women living with HIV...
March 31, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362546/the-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-on-influenza-among-medical-college-students-in-northwest-china
#17
Shabiremu Tuohetamu, Mingfan Pang, Xiaokelaiti Nuer, Mahemuti, Patamu Mohemaiti, Ying Qin, Zhibin Peng, Jiandong Zheng, Hongjie Yu, Luzhao Feng, Zijian Feng
Objective This study aimed to understand the knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) on seasonal influenza among medical college students in a low-income multiethnic society. Methods A cross-sectional questionnaire survey collected information of KAP related to influenza. A knowledge score was calculated according to the total number of correct points out of 9 questions. Logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with influenza vaccine uptake. Results 856 valid questionnaires were obtained...
March 31, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358604/infundibular-pulmonic-stenosis-in-a-moluccan-cockatoo-cacatua-moluccensis
#18
Graham Zoller, David Sanchez-Migallon Guzman, Noémie Summa, Krista A Keller, Sarah J Silverman, Joshua A Stern
A 31-year-old female Moluccan cockatoo (Cacatua moluccensis) was examined for intermittent foot clenching of 4 months' duration. Physical examination revealed feather-destructive behavior and clinical findings compatible with hypovitaminosis A. Neurologic examination was unremarkable. Results of radiographs, hematologic testing, plasma biochemical analyses, and measurement of lead and trace element blood concentrations were unremarkable, except for degenerative joint disease of several thoracic intervertebral joints and a low blood copper concentration...
March 2017: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352051/composition-and-distribution-of-medically-important-phlebotomines-diptera-psychodidae-in-the-municipalities-of-tierralta-and-valencia-c%C3%A3-rdoba-colombia
#19
Rafael José Vivero, Lina Salazar Quintero, Horacio Cadena Peña, Jorge Alvar-Beltrán, Catalina Tovar, Claudia M Atencia, Iván Darío Vélez
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Ecoepidemiological studies of cutaneous leishmaniasis and regular monitoring of Lutzomyia species have generated a knowledge base that can be used for control and prevention strategies targeted at the disease transmission dynamics in focal areas of Colombia. In this study, the presence and spatial distribution of phlebotomines of medical importance in the municipalities of Tierralta (El Loro and Tuis Tuis villages) and Valencia (Guadua and Mieles villages) were determined...
January 2017: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350314/integrating-quality-improvement-and-continuing-professional-development-at-an-academic-medical-center-a-partnership-between-practice-plan-hospital-and-medical-school
#20
Barbara Gold, Dawn England, William Riley, Ginny Jacobs-Halsey, Corinne Webb, Bobbi Daniels
INTRODUCTION: While quality improvement (QI) initiatives can be a highly effective means for improving health care delivery in academic medical centers (AMCs), many health care professionals are not formally trained in basic QI methodology, engaging clinicians in QI activities can be challenging, and there is often a lack of integration and coordination among QI functions (eg, Departments of Quality and Safety, Continuing Professional Development). In our AMC, we undertook a collaborative approach to achieve better vertical and horizontal integration of our QI education efforts...
October 2016: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
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