keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Basic medical knowledge

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630768/plastic-surgery-inclusion-in-the-undergraduate-medical-curriculum-perception-challenges-and-career-choice-a-comparative-study
#1
M Farid, R Vaughan, S Thomas
OBJECTIVE: The undergraduate medical curriculum has been overcrowded with core learning outcomes with no formal exposure to plastic surgery. The aim of this study was to compare medical students from two educational settings for the basic understanding, preferred learning method, and factors influencing a career choice in plastic surgery. DESIGN AND SETTING: A prospective cohort study based on a web-based anonymous questionnaire sent to final year medical students at Birmingham University (United Kingdom), McGill University (Canada), and a control group (non-medical staff)...
2017: Plastic Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628463/operational-research-during-the-ebola-emergency
#2
Gabriel Fitzpatrick, Tom Decroo, Bertrand Draguez, Rosa Crestani, Axelle Ronsse, Rafael Van den Bergh, Michel Van Herp
Operational research aims to identify interventions, strategies, or tools that can enhance the quality, effectiveness, or coverage of programs where the research is taking place. Médecins Sans Frontières admitted ≈5,200 patients with confirmed Ebola virus disease during the Ebola outbreak in West Africa and from the beginning nested operational research within its emergency response. This research covered critical areas, such as understanding how the virus spreads, clinical trials, community perceptions, challenges within Ebola treatment centers, and negative effects on non-Ebola healthcare...
July 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619861/geriatrics-and-the-legal-system
#3
Stephanie C Yarnell, Paul D Kirwin, Howard V Zonana
Correctional systems, already struggling to meet the basic and functional requirements of older prisoners, will be further challenged by the increasing medical and psychiatric needs of this population. Mental health and general medical care for older adults requires specific on-site or consultation expertise in geriatric medicine and psychiatry, as well as potential changes in infrastructure, both of which may be prohibitively expensive. However, compassionate and effective treatment of older prisoners requires that prison and legal systems facilitate this expert care...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616925/-perceptions-and-attitudes-of-chengdu-residents-toward-medical-and-aged-care-integrated-models
#4
Kan Wu, Pei-Ya Cao, Jia-Hui Qian, Hui-Qiang Luo, Dan-Ping Liu
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the perceptions and attitudes of Chengdu residents toward "medical and aged care" integrated models and associated factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted in 935 residents who were 45 years or older in 8 communities in Chengdu. Descriptive analyses and logistic binary regression analyses were performed. RESULTS: About 91.1% of respondents preferred self-care and family support, and only 8...
May 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616160/cardiopulmonary-arrest-in-primary-care-clinics-more-holes-than-cheese-a-survey-of-the-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-primary-care-physicians-regarding-resuscitation
#5
Sharon Einav, Oren Wacht, Nechama Kaufman, Eliezer Alkalay
BACKGROUND: Patients experiencing pre-arrest symptoms may first refer to their primary care physician. The study's aim was to determine the likelihood that a patient undergoing out-of-hospital cardiac arrest will receive appropriate resuscitation efforts in a primary care clinic in a country with a directive that clinics maintain resuscitation equipment and physicians undergo periodic resuscitation training. METHODS: An anonymous, 23-question online cross-sectional survey was created and administered to primary care physicians working in community clinics (10/1/2015-5/3/2015)...
2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615004/understanding-heart-failure-explaining-telehealth-a-hermeneutic-systematic-review
#6
Trisha Greenhalgh, Christine A'Court, Sara Shaw
BACKGROUND: Enthusiasts for telehealth extol its potential for supporting heart failure management. But randomised trials have been slow to recruit and produced conflicting findings; real-world roll-out has been slow. We sought to inform policy by making sense of a complex literature on heart failure and its remote management. METHODS: Through database searching and citation tracking, we identified 7 systematic reviews of systematic reviews, 32 systematic reviews (including 17 meta-analyses and 8 qualitative reviews); six mega-trials and over 60 additional relevant empirical studies and commentaries...
June 14, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608992/student-and-recent-graduate-perspectives-on-radiological-imaging-instruction-during-basic-anatomy-courses
#7
Andrew W Phillips, Hunter Eason, Christopher M Straus
Recently, faculty at Pritzker School of Medicine, The University of Chicago, have made efforts to improve the depth of radiological anatomy knowledge that students have, but no insights exist as to student and resident opinions of how clinically helpful deep anatomical understanding is. A single-institution survey of second- and fourth-year medical students and postgraduate year 1-4 residents from 11 specialties, composed of five-point Likert questions, sample examination questions, and narrative response questions, was distributed in 2015...
June 13, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608954/experience-from-an-optional-dissection-course-in-a-clinically-orientated-concept-to-complement-system-based-anatomy-in-a-reformed-curriculum
#8
Elisabeth Eppler, Steffen Serowy, Karl Link, Luis Filgueira
Profound anatomical knowledge is the basis for modern demands in medicine and surgery, but many countries worldwide including Australia and New Zealand have discontinued offering dissection courses to medical and dental students during the past decades. This educational project done in Australia aimed at enhancing basic and advanced anatomy teaching by engaging a sub-group of second-year undergraduate students of a compulsory prosection- and model-based anatomy course (n = 54/170) in an optional multimodal course, which should easily articulate with a vertical curriculum...
June 13, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608434/use-of-3d-models-of-vascular-rings-and-slings-to-improve-resident-education
#9
Trahern W Jones, Michael D Seckeler
OBJECTIVE: Three-dimensional (3D) printing is a manufacturing method by which an object is created in an additive process, and can be used with medical imaging data to generate accurate physical reproductions of organs and tissues for a variety of applications. We hypothesized that using 3D printed models of congenital cardiovascular lesions to supplement an educational lecture would improve learners' scores on a board-style examination. DESIGN AND INTERVENTION: Patients with normal and abnormal aortic arches were selected and anonymized to generate 3D printed models...
June 13, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604325/characteristics-and-outcomes-of-gunshot-acquired-spinal-cord-injury-in-south-africa
#10
Conran Joseph
BACKGROUND: Spinal cord injuries (SCIs) caused by assault present a unique challenge facing the healthcare system, in that very little is known about how these injuries manifest compared with other causes of injury. Understanding the nuances of gunshot SCIs could contribute towards better care provision. OBJECTIVE: To determine the characteristics of gunshot SCI and compare both injury characteristics and outcomes between gunshot SCI and all other traumatic causes taken together...
May 24, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601332/the-surgeon-performed-ultrasound-a-curriculum-to-improve-residents-basic-ultrasound-knowledge
#11
Ibrahim Nassour, M Chance Spalding, Linda S Hynan, Aimee K Gardner, Brian H Williams
BACKGROUND: Despite the development of ultrasound courses by the American College of Surgeons two decades ago, many residencies lack formal ultrasound training. The aim of this study was to assess the previous ultrasound experience of residents and the efficacy of a new ultrasound curriculum by comparing pre- and post-course tests. METHODS: A pre-course survey and test were sent to all residents at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center. Pre-interns and junior residents received a didactic lecture on ultrasound basics and the extended focused assessment with sonography for trauma and were given hands-on practice...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599762/co-teaching-exploring-an-alternative-for-integrated-curriculum
#12
Sadhana Sharma, Ravikirti, Asgar Ali, Roshan Takhelmayum, Mala Mahto, Rathish Nair
PURPOSE: Currently, the curriculum of medical education is compartmentalized which makes achieving the expected outcome, a real challenge. Co-teaching, an existing concept in education, however, may be used in medical education for integrating the applied component while basic concepts are being taught. The hypothesis, "can co-teaching be an alternate for an integrated curriculum?" was explored in this study. Therefore, the present study was designed to compare the outcomes of co-teaching with the existing teaching methodology owing to the absence of integrated curriculum...
July 2017: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598934/feasibility-and-utility-of-lexical-analysis-for-occupational-health-text
#13
Philip Harber, Gondy Leroy
OBJECTIVE: Assess feasibility and potential utility of natural language processing (NLP) for storing and analyzing occupational health data. METHODS: Basic NLP lexical analysis methods were applied to 89,000 Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) free text records. Steps included tokenization, term and co-occurrence counts, term annotation, and identifying exposure-health effect relationships. Presence of terms in the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) was assessed...
June 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597869/the-qualitative-orientation-in-medical-education-research
#14
REVIEW
Jennifer Anne Cleland
Qualitative research is very important in educational research as it addresses the "how" and "why" research questions and enables deeper understanding of experiences, phenomena and context. Qualitative research allows you to ask questions that cannot be easily put into numbers to understand human experience. Getting at the everyday realities of some social phenomenon and studying important questions as they are really practiced helps extend knowledge and understanding. To do so, you need to understand the philosophical stance of qualitative research and work from this to develop the research question, study design, data collection methods and data analysis...
June 2017: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594642/ce-health-and-the-human-microbiome-a-primer-for-nurses
#15
Katie Gresia McElroy, Seon-Yoon Chung, Mary Regan
What findings about the GI and vaginal microbiota mean for patient care. ABSTRACT: The profound impact of the human microbiome on health makes it imperative that nurses understand the basic structures and functions of the various microbial communities. In studying the human microbiome, advances in DNA and RNA sequencing technology offer benefits over traditional culturebased methods. Such technology has permitted more thorough investigations of microbial communities, particularly those of the gastrointestinal (GI) and female reproductive tracts...
June 7, 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584689/an-integrated-interactive-spaced-education-radiology-curriculum-for-preclinical-students
#16
Eli Tshibwabwa, Robert Mallin, Madeleine Fraser, Martin Tshibwabwa, Reza Sanii, James Rice, Jenifer Cannon
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study is to determine whether a radiology module, together with online spaced education, helps students of an integrated problem-based learning (PBL) curriculum increase their radiology knowledge and long-term retention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Second-year students at the American University of Antigua College of Medicine participated in small groups of ten students each into two 2 h of radiology laboratories. The study comprised two cohorts: winter and fall 2013 students (control group) and 2014 students (experimental group)...
2017: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572227/medical-problems-in-pregnancy
#17
Bhaskar Narayan, Catherine Nelson-Piercy
The prevalence of medical problems in pregnancy is increasing because of a complex interplay between demographic and lifestyle factors, and developments in modern medicine. Maternal mortality and morbidity resulting from treatable medical conditions, such as venous thromboembolism, epilepsy and autoimmune disease, have not decreased in recent years. This is despite a marked decrease in overall maternal mortality. It is vital that all physicians acquire a basic knowledge and understanding of medical problems in pregnancy...
June 2017: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566115/development-and-evaluation-of-an-endoscopic-surgery-course-for-medical-students
#18
Cecilia Nilsson, Flemming Bjerrum, Morten Stadeager, Bent Ottesen, Jette Led Sorensen
INTRODUCTION: Surgical training has changed with the introduction of endoscopic surgery. However, a gap in undergraduate medical training has become evident regarding theoretical principles of and basic skills training in endoscopic surgery. The objective of this study was to develop and evaluate a course in endoscopic surgery for medical students. METHODS: Kern's six-step approach in curriculum development was used. A course including interactive, faculty-led didactic sessions (14 hours, distributed over three days) and simulation-based basic skills training in endoscopic surgery (nine hours, distributed over four sessions) was developed...
June 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562401/using-a-standardized-patient-to-improve-collaboration-and-problem-solving-skills-with-cpap-usage-in-the-home
#19
Margaret G Williams, Joan Ruhs
A review of literature revealed a lack of research pertaining to nurses' or student nurses' knowledge of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and the ability to troubleshoot CPAP malfunction. This study sought to answer the following questions: What are associate degree nursing (ADN) students' knowledge, interdisciplinary communication, and problem-solving skills regarding patients' home use of CPAP? Is there a change after participation in a simulation with a patient on CPAP in home setting? Twenty-one ADN students enrolled in small Midwest college participated...
June 2017: Home Healthcare Now
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551044/a-deficiency-of-nutrition-education-and-practice-in-cardiology
#20
Stephen Devries, Arthur Agatston, Monica Aggarwal, Karen E Aspry, Caldwell B Esselstyn, Penny Kris-Etherton, Michael Miller, James H O'Keefe, Emilio Ros, Anne K Rzeszut, Beth A White, Kim A Williams, Andrew M Freeman
PURPOSE: Nutrition is one of the foundations of cardiovascular guidelines for risk reduction and treatment. However, little is known about whether cardiologists, cardiology fellows-in-training, and cardiovascular team members have the nutrition education and knowledge necessary to implement these guidelines. The aim of this study was to describe the educational experiences, attitudes, and practices relating to nutrition among cardiovascular professionals. METHODS: Surveys completed by cardiologists, fellows-in-training, and cardiovascular team members inquired about their personal dietary habits, history of nutrition education, and attitudes regarding nutrition interventions...
May 24, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
keyword
keyword
22318
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"