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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673917/influence-of-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-from-fish-oil-or-meal-on-the-structure-of-lipid-microdomains-in-bovine-luteal-cells
#1
M R Plewes, P D Burns, P E Graham, J E Bruemmer, T E Engle
Biological membranes are composed of a lipid bilayer and proteins that form lipid microdomains. This study examined the effects of fish byproducts on lipid-protein interactions within lipid microdomains of bovine luteal cells. In Exp. 1 and 2, luteal cells were prepared from corpora lutea (CL; n = 4 to 8) collected at an abattoir. Exp. 1 was conducted to optimize ultrasonication in a detergent-free protocol for isolation of lipid microdomains. A power setting of 10 to 20% was effective in isolating lipid microdomains from bulk lipid...
March 31, 2018: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672438/alterations-of-inflammatory-and-matrix-production-indices-in-celiac-disease-with-low-bone-mass-on-long-term-gluten-free-diet
#2
Michele Di Stefano, Manuela Bergonzi, Irene Benedetti, Mara De Amici, Cristina Torre, Natascia Brondino, Emanuela Miceli, Elisabetta Pagani, Gian L Marseglia, Gino R Corazza, Antonio Di Sabatino
BACKGROUND: A clinically meaningful impairment of bone mass secondary to malabsorption is frequent in untreated celiac disease. In adult patients, a rigorous gluten-free diet (GFD) significantly improves, but does not always normalize, bone mineral density (BMD). The reason for this marginal response is unclear. Accordingly, we evaluated the role of both local and systemic factors for bone loss in celiac patients on long-term GFD. STUDY: In a prospective cohort, 22 patients with low lumbar and/or femoral BMD and 22 with normal BMD underwent bone and mineral metabolism evaluation: we tested calcium, phosphate, parathyroid hormone, and vitamin D; telopeptide of type I collagen, a bone resorption index; propeptide of type I procollagen, a bone neoformation index; receptor antagonist of NF-kB ligand, an osteoclast-stimulating factor; osteoprotegerin (OPG), a decoy receptor for RANKL...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670007/prevalence-of-self-reported-gluten-related-disorders-and-adherence-to-a-gluten-free-diet-in-salvadoran-adult-population
#3
Noé Ontiveros, Cecilia Ivonne Rodríguez-Bellegarrigue, Gerardo Galicia-Rodríguez, Marcela de Jesús Vergara-Jiménez, Elia María Zepeda-Gómez, Jesús Gilberto Arámburo-Galvez, Martina Hilda Gracia-Valenzuela, Francisco Cabrera-Chávez
Gluten-related disorders are not considered of relevance at public health level in Central America. The prevalence of gluten-related disorders, and adherence to a gluten-free diet, remain unknown in the Central American region. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of the Central American population from San Salvador, El Salvador, to estimate the prevalence rates of self-reported gluten-related disorders and adherence to a gluten-free diet. 1326 individuals were surveyed. Self-reported prevalence rates were (95% Confidence Interval): gluten sensitivity 3...
April 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666542/development-of-gluten-free-fish-pseudoplatystoma-corruscans-patties-by-response-surface-methodology
#4
Mara C Romero, Ricardo A Fogar, Fabiana Rolhaiser, Verónica V Clavero, Ana M Romero, María A Judis
The goal of this study was to develop a fish-based product suitable for people with celiac disease. Water and gluten-free flours (rice, corn, amaranth or quinoa) were added to improve cooking yield, texture parameters and as an aid in improving quality attributes such as taste and juiciness. Cooking yields of patties containing gluten-free flours were higher than control and maximum values ranged between 91 and 93%. Hardness was higher in patties made with amaranth or quinoa flour, whereas cohesiveness and springiness were higher in patties made with corn and rice flour, respectively...
May 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661914/trends-geographical-variation-and-factors-associated-with-prescribing-of-gluten-free-foods-in-english-primary-care-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Alex J Walker, Helen J Curtis, Seb Bacon, Richard Croker, Ben Goldacre
OBJECTIVES: There is substantial disagreement about whether gluten-free foods should be prescribed on the National Health Service. We aim to describe time trends, variation and factors associated with prescribing gluten-free foods in England. SETTING: English primary care. PARTICIPANTS: English general practices. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: We described long-term national trends in gluten-free prescribing, and practice and Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG) level monthly variation in the rate of gluten-free prescribing (per 1000 patients) over time...
April 16, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644516/correction-to-hypervigilance-to-a-gluten-free-diet-and-decreased-quality-of-life-in-teenagers-and-adults-with-celiac-disease
#6
Randi L Wolf, Benjamin Lebwohl, Anne R Lee, Patricia Zybert, Norelle R Reilly, Jennifer Cadenhead, Chelsea Amengual, Peter H R Green
The original version of the article unfortunately contained formatting errors in Table 3. The correct version of Table 3 is given below.
April 11, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626026/dilated-cardiomyopathy-as-the-first-presentation-of-coeliac-disease-association-or-causation
#7
Peysh Patel, Fraser Smith, Niamh Kilcullen, Nigel Artis
Global ventricular impairment is a frequent presentation in clinical practice, but dissection of causative mechanisms from clinical associations is challenging. We present the case of a 19-year-old man who presented with dilated cardiomyopathy as the first presentation of coeliac disease. The manifestation of iron deficiency anaemia prompted gastroenterology input and enabled accurate diagnosis. It is unclear whether coeliac disease was simply coexistent or directly implicated in pathophysiology. Mechanisms may relate to nutritional deficiencies or autoimmune myocarditis arising from cross-reactivity...
March 2018: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620596/celiac-disease-30-years-after-diagnosis-struggling-with-gluten-free-adherence-or-gaining-gluten-tolerance
#8
Lorenzo Norsa, Federica Branchi, Marianna Bravo, Francesca Ferretti, Leda Roncoroni, Francesco Somalvico, Dario Conte, Maria Teresa Bardella, Sabrina Fabiano, Giulio Barigelletti, Luca Elli
OBJECTIVES: Studies investigating patients with coeliac disease (CD) on very long-term follow-up are limited. We aimed to evaluate the characteristics of patients with CD diagnosed more than 30 years ago. METHODS: Clinical, histologic, genetic and demographic data of patients with CD diagnosis made before 1985 were collected and their standardised mortality ratio (SMR) calculated. According to the gluten free diet (GFD) status, CD patients were divided into three groups and a specific questionnaire on GFD awareness and gluten-free products was administered to patients and caregivers...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619620/evidence-based-non-pharmacological-therapies-for-fibromyalgia
#9
REVIEW
Mansoor M Aman, R Jason Yong, Alan David Kaye, Richard D Urman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Fibromyalgia (FM) is the second most common rheumatologic pain disorder after osteoarthritis with a multisystem presentation. While the treatment of FM in a clinical setting incorporates both pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic modalities, the present investigation reviews evolving literature on cognitive behavioral and complementary medical therapies. The recent medical literature on FM was reviewed between 2012 and 2017 via MEDLINE and the Cochrane Central Registry of Controlled Trials, with an emphasis on randomized controlled trials, meta-analyses, and evidence-based treatment guidelines...
April 4, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616378/diagnosis-of-celiac-disease-taking-a-bite-out-of-the-controversy
#10
REVIEW
Justine M Turner
Celiac disease is a common autoimmune disorder of the small intestine, triggered by an immunological response to the gluten present in wheat, barley, and rye in individuals who are genetically at risk. A key to reducing the complications of this disease is early diagnosis, preferably in childhood, and consuming a lifelong gluten-free diet once diagnosis is confirmed. Yet, the diagnosis of celiac disease is often considerably delayed, exposing patients to needless suffering and morbidity. It is also difficult to confirm histologically if dietary gluten has been restricted prior to obtaining a diagnostic biopsy, a significant problem given the current growing popularity of gluten-free diets...
April 3, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615946/development-and-validation-of-a-specific-self-efficacy-scale-in-adherence-to-a-gluten-free-diet
#11
Ricardo Fueyo-Díaz, Rosa Magallón-Botaya, Santiago Gascón-Santos, Ángela Asensio-Martínez, Guillermo Palacios-Navarro, Juan J Sebastián-Domingo
The aim of this study was to develop a scale to assess the levels of specific self-efficacy in order to enhance adherence to a gluten-free diet and the life quality of celiac patients. Celiac disease is a chronic small intestinal immune-mediated enteropathy precipitated by exposure to dietary gluten in genetically predisposed people. The only treatment is a strict lifelong gluten-free diet. Within the framework of Social Cognitive Theory, expectation of self-efficacy is understood as the degree in which a person believes himself to be capable of performing a certain task (e...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613916/seronegative-coeliac-disease-clearing-the-diagnostic-dilemma
#12
Annalisa Schiepatti, David S Sanders, Federico Biagi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Seronegative coeliac disease is a poorly defined form of coeliac disease that poses an important challenge to clinicians particularly with regards to the differential diagnosis. This is probably because of lack of a consensus on its definition and incorrect use of specific coeliac serology. Seronegative coeliac disease (SCD) is uncommon and epidemiological data are scarce and contrasting. Therefore, the aim of this review is to provide a critical summary of the most recent work on this topic and a definition of SCD...
May 2018: Current Opinion in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606920/health-benefits-and-adverse-effects-of-a-gluten-free-diet-in-non-celiac-disease-patients
#13
Benjamin Niland, Brooks D Cash
Gluten-related diseases such as celiac disease and gluten ataxia are rare conditions, affecting less than 1% of the population in the United States. Despite the rarity of these diseases, there have been significant increases in the adoption of a gluten-free lifestyle and the consumption of gluten-free foods in the United States over the last 3 decades. More than $15.5 billion were spent on retail sales of gluten-free foods in 2016. The gluten-free diet is driven by multiple factors, including social and traditional media coverage, aggressive consumer-directed marketing by manufacturers and retail outlets, and reports in the medical literature and mainstream press of the clinical benefits of gluten avoidance...
February 2018: Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606919/gluten-free-diet
#14
Gary R Lichtenstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606714/exploring-the-community-pharmacist-s-knowledge-of-celiac-disease
#15
Carmela Avena-Woods, Robert A Mangione, Wenchen Kenneth Wu
Objective. To evaluate pharmacists' knowledge of celiac disease, and identify potential areas where additional continuing education may be needed. Methods. A survey was sent to community pharmacists practicing in a national chain pharmacy in one region of New Jersey and New York. Results. There were 418 pharmacists who responded to the survey with a response rate of 38%. Only 27% of all respondents who reported their understanding of celiac disease to be basic or advanced correctly defined celiac disease as both an autoimmune and a chronic lifelong disease...
March 2018: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606453/characterization-of-wheat-endoplasmic-reticulum-oxidoreductin-1-and-its-application-in-chinese-steamed-bread
#16
Guang Liu, JingJing Wang, Yi Hou, Yan-Bo Huang, JiaJia Wang, Cunzhi Li, ShiJun Guo, Lin Li, Song-Qing Hu
This study investigated characteristics of recombinant wheat Endoplasmic Reticulum Oxidoreductin 1 (wEro1) and its influence on Chinese steamed bread (CSB) qualities. The purified wEro1 monomer, which contained two conserved redox active motif sites, bound to flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) cofactor with a molecular weight of ∼47 kDa. wEro1 catalyzed the reduction of both bound and free FAD, and its reduction activity of free FAD reached 7.8 U/mg. Moreover, wEro1 catalyzed the oxidation of dithiothreitol and wheat protein disulfide isomerase (wPDI)...
August 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606211/review-shaping-a-sustainable-food-future-by-rediscovering-long-forgotten-ancient-grains
#17
REVIEW
Acga Cheng
Genetic erosion of crops has been determined way back in the 1940s and accelerated some twenty years later by the inception of the Green Revolution. Claims that the revolution was a complete triumph remain specious, especially since the massive production boost in the global big three grain crops; wheat, maize, and rice that happened back then is unlikely to recur under current climate irregularities. Presently, one of the leading strategies for sustainable agriculture is by unlocking the genetic potential of underutilized crops...
April 2018: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601505/a-community-driven-approach-to-generate-urban-policy-recommendations-for-obesity-prevention
#18
Julia Díez, Pedro Gullón, María Sandín Vázquez, Belén Álvarez, María Del Prado Martín, María Urtasun, Maite Gamarra, Joel Gittelsohn, Manuel Franco
There is an increasing research interest in targeting interventions at the neighborhood level to prevent obesity. Healthy urban environments require including residents' perspectives to help understanding how urban environments relate to residents' food choices and physical activity levels. We describe an innovative community-driven process aimed to develop environmental recommendations for obesity prevention. We conducted this study in a low-income area in Madrid (Spain), using a collaborative citizen science approach...
March 30, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600329/dietary-wheat-amylase-trypsin-inhibitors-exacerbate-murine-allergic-airway-inflammation
#19
Victor F Zevallos, Verena K Raker, Joachim Maxeiner, Petra Scholtes, Kerstin Steinbrink, Detlef Schuppan
BACKGROUND: Wheat amylase trypsin inhibitors (ATI) are dietary non-gluten proteins that activate the toll-like receptor 4 on myeloid cells, promoting intestinal inflammation. AIM OF THE STUDY: We investigated the effects of dietary ATI on experimental allergic airway inflammation. METHODS: Mice on a gluten and ATI-free diet (GAFD), sensitized with PBS or ovalbumin (OVA) and challenged with OVA, were compared to mice on a commercial standard chow, a gluten diet naturally containing ~ 0...
March 29, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600122/addition-of-a-short-course-of-prednisolone-to-a-gluten-free-diet-vs-gluten-free-diet-alone-in-recovery-of-celiac-disease-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Asad Abbas, Tabassum Shahab, Rana K Sherwani, Seema Alam
Background A gluten-free diet (GFD) is the standard of care in the management of patients with celiac disease, but clinical and histological recovery are often delayed. In newly diagnosed patients, strict compliance to GFD is difficult to achieve; this is especially true in developing countries where gluten-free food is often difficult to obtain. Steroids, when used alone, can be effective in inducing recovery in patients with celiac disease. We performed a randomized controlled trial to study the effect of a short course of prednisolone combined with a GFD on the recovery of celiac disease...
January 28, 2018: Curēus
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