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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543050/effects-of-carrot-pomace-powder-and-a-mixture-of-pectin-and-xanthan-on-the-quality-of-gluten-free-batter-and-cakes
#1
Mahsa Majzoobi, Zahra Vosooghi Poor, Gholamreza Mesbahi, Jalal Jamalian, Asgar Farahnaky
Carrot pomace powder (CPP) is a valuable by-product of carrot processing containing nutrients and fibre and can be utilized for enrichment of gluten-free products. The main purpose of this study was to determine the effects of various levels of CPP (0, 10, 20 and 30%) and a mixture of hydrocolloids (HC) including pectin and xanthan (1.5% of each) on the quality of batter and gluten-free cakes. With increasing the level of CPP and inclusion of HC the viscosity of the batter increased significantly from 87 mPas for the control to > 7000 mPas for 30%CCP+HC sample...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Texture Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542044/anti-transglutaminase-6-antibody-development-in-children-with-celiac-disease-correlates-with-duration-of-gluten-exposure
#2
Luigina De Leo, Daniel Aeschlimann, Marios Hadjivassiliou, Pascale Aeschlimann, Nicola Salce, Serena Vatta, Fabiana Ziberna, Giorgio Cozzi, Stefano Martelossi, Alessandro Ventura, Tarcisio Not
OBJECTIVES: Antibodies against transglutaminase 6 (anti-TG6) have been implicated in neurological manifestations in adult patients with genetic-gluten intolerance and it is unclear whether autoimmunity to TG6 develops following prolonged gluten exposure. We measured the anti-TG6 in children with celiac disease (CD) at the diagnosis time to establish a correlation between these autoantibodies and the duration of gluten exposure. We investigated a correlation between anti-TG6 and the presence of neurological disorders...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538871/what-do-cochrane-systematic-reviews-say-about-interventions-for-autism-spectrum-disorders
#3
Larissa Lyra, Luiz Eduardo Rizzo, Camila Sá Sunahara, Daniela Vianna Pachito, Carolina de Oliveira Cruz Latorraca, Ana Luiza Cabrera Martimbianco, Rachel Riera
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) include autistic disorder, Asperger's disorder and pervasive developmental disorder. The manifestations of ASDs can have an important impact on learning and social functioning that may persist during adulthood. The aim here was to summarize the evidence from Cochrane systematic reviews on interventions for ASDs. DESIGN AND SETTING: Review of systematic reviews, conducted within the Discipline of Evidence-Based Medicine, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo...
March 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533921/thiol-disulphide-homeostasis-in-celiac-disease
#4
Mustafa Kaplan, Ihsan Ates, Mahmut Yuksel, Yasemin Ozderin Ozin, Murat Alisik, Ozcan Erel, Ertugrul Kayacetin
AIM: To determine dynamic thiol/disulphide homeostasis in celiac disease and to examine the associate with celiac autoantibodies and gluten-free diet. METHODS: Seventy three patients with celiac disease and 73 healthy volunteers were enrolled in the study. In both groups, thiol/disulphide homeostasis was examined with a new colorimetric method recently developed by Erel and Neselioglu. RESULTS: In patients with celiac disease, native thiol (P = 0...
May 6, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532727/experiences-and-own-management-regarding-residual-symptoms-among-people-with-coeliac-disease
#5
Lisa Ring Jacobsson, Anna Milberg, Katarina Hjelm, Maria Friedrichsen
CONTEXT: Between 7% and 30% of people with treated coeliac disease suffer from residual symptoms, and there is a knowledge gap about their own management of these symptoms. AIM: To explore experiences and management concerning residual symptoms despite a gluten-free diet in people with coeliac disease. METHODS: A qualitative explorative design with semi-structured interviews with 22 adults with coeliac disease in Sweden. Data were analysed using qualitative content analysis...
June 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532148/gluten-free-sources-of-fermentable-extract-effect-of-temperature-and-germination-time-on-quality-attributes-of-teff-eragrostis-tef-zucc-trotter-malt-and-wort
#6
Lidia Di Ghionno, Eung Gwan Lee, Ombretta Marconi, Christopher J Rice, Valeria Sileoni, Giuseppe Perretti
This study was conducted to evaluate the behavior of a white teff variety called Witkop during malting by using different parameters (germination temperature and duration) and to identify the best malting program. Samples were evaluated for standard quality malt and wort attributes, pasting characteristics, β-glucan and arabinoxylan content and sugar profile. It was concluded that malting teff at 24°C for 6 days produced acceptable malt in terms of quality attributes and sugar profile for brewing. The main attributes were: 80...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531574/the-weekly-economic-burden-of-a-gluten-free-diet
#7
Stamatina Panagiotou, Meropi Kontogianni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531573/a-cost-comparison-between-gluten-free-and-conventional-foods
#8
Stamatina Panagiotou, Meropi Kontogianni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530606/effects-of-chemical-composition-and-baking-on-in-vitro-digestibility-of-proteins-in-breads-made-from-selected-gluten-containing-and-gluten-free-flours
#9
Tong Wu, Cheryl Taylor, Thomas Nebl, Ken Ng, Louise E Bennett
Breads prepared from cereal grains are a dietary staple, providing a significant proportion of daily energy, but not necessarily of dietary protein. However, good digestibility of proteins in bread is important to avoid potential immunogenic effects of undigested peptides, including for those gluten-intolerant. Four gluten-containing (white wheat, wholemeal wheat, spelt and rye) and four gluten-free (chick pea, lupin, buckwheat, amaranth) flours were used to make yeast-leavened breads standardized for protein...
October 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530552/physicochemical-properties-and-starch-digestibility-of-whole-grain-sorghums-millet-quinoa-and-amaranth-flours-as-affected-by-starch-and-non-starch-constituents
#10
Sathaporn Srichuwong, Delphine Curti, Sean Austin, Roberto King, Lisa Lamothe, Hugo Gloria-Hernandez
Minor grains such as sorghum, millet, quinoa and amaranth can be alternatives to wheat and corn as ingredients for whole grain and gluten-free products. In this study, influences of starch structures and other grain constituents on physicochemical properties and starch digestibility of whole flours made from these grains were investigated. Starches were classified into two groups according to their amylopectin branch chain-length: (i) quinoa, amaranth, wheat (shorter chains); and (ii) sorghum, millet, corn (longer chains)...
October 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524056/dermatitis-herpetiformis-and-bone-mineral-density-analysis-of-a-french-cohort-of-53-patients
#11
Coralie Lheure, Saskia Ingen-Housz-Oro, Sandra Guignard, Rachida Inaoui, Brigitte Jolivet, Xavier Chevalier, Pierre Wolkenstein, Bruno Fautrel, Oliver Chosidow
The characteristics of patients with dermatitis herpetiformis (DH) in France is poorly documented. Furthermore, the risk of fractures and bone mineral density (BMD) in DH remain under-described, and recommendations for systematic screening for osteoporosis in DH are lacking. To describe the characteristics of DH in a large French cohort and evaluate the association between BMD and features of osteoporosis. Patients were recruited from the French Association of Gluten Intolerants (AFDIAG) and a single university dermatology department...
May 19, 2017: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522999/fermentation-ph-modulates-the-size-distributions-and-functional-properties-of-gluconobacter-albidus-tmw-2-1191-levan
#12
Tharalinee Ua-Arak, Frank Jakob, Rudi F Vogel
Bacterial levan has gained an increasing interest over the last decades due to its unique characteristics and multiple possible applications. Levan and other exopolysaccharides (EPSs) production are usually optimized to obtain the highest concentration or yield while a possible change of the molecular size and mass during the production process is mostly neglected. In this study, the molar mass and radius of levan samples were monitored during fermentations with the food-grade, levan-producing acetic acid bacterium Gluconobacter (G...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514243/celiac-disease-symptom-resolution-effectiveness-of-the-gluten-free-diet
#13
Naire Sansotta, Stefano Guandalini, Karine Amirikian, Hilary Jericho
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of the gluten free diet (GFD) on gastrointestinal and extra-intestinal symptom resolution and identify predictors for persistence of symptoms in all celiac patients at the University of Chicago. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review from 2002 to 2015. Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms included: abdominal pain, bloating, constipation, diarrhea, failure to thrive/weight loss, nausea, reflux and vomiting. Extra-intestinal (EI) symptoms included: abnormal liver enzymes, arthralgia/arthritis, dermatitis herpetiformis, alopecia, fatigue, headache, anemia, stomatitis, myalgia, psychiatric disorders, rashes, seizures, neuropathy, short stature, delayed puberty, osteoporosis, and infertility...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512643/diagnostic-and-research-aspects-of-small-intestinal-disaccharidases-in-coeliac-disease
#14
REVIEW
Tanja Šuligoj, Paul J Ciclitira, Borut Božič
Disaccharidases (DS) are brush border enzymes embedded in the microvillous membrane of small intestinal enterocytes. In untreated coeliac disease (CD), a general decrease of DS activities is seen. This manuscript reviews different aspects of DS activities in CD: their utility in the diagnosis and their application to in vitro toxicity testing. The latter has never been established in CD research. However, with the recent advances in small intestinal organoid techniques, DS might be employed as a biomarker for in vitro studies...
2017: Journal of Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511881/-what-medication-should-be-prescribed-to-a-patient-with-coeliac-disease
#15
C Pérez-Diez, S Guillén-Lorente, P Palomo-Palomo
Coeliac disease is a permanent intolerance to gluten proteins from wheat, rye, barley and triticale. Although strict adherence is complicated, the only effective treatment is a gluten-free diet throughout life. Some drugs contain starch as an excipient, and there is a risk related to the gluten content, which must be avoided in these patients. Current legislation requires the analysis of the protein content of wheat starch, or the absence of starches from another source where rice, maize, or potato starches are used as excipients...
May 13, 2017: Semergen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508029/a-b-cell-gene-signature-correlates-with-the-extent-of-gluten-induced-intestinal-injury-in-celiac-disease
#16
Mitchell E Garber, Alok Saldanha, Joel S Parker, Wendell D Jones, Katri Kaukinen, Kaija Laurila, Marja-Leena Lähdeaho, Purvesh Khatri, Chaitan Khosla, Daniel C Adelman, Markku Mäki
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Celiac disease (CeD) provides an opportunity to study autoimmunity and the transition in immune cells as dietary gluten induces small intestinal lesions. METHODS: Seventy-three celiac disease patients on a long-term, gluten-free diet ingested a known amount of gluten daily for 6 weeks. A peripheral blood sample and intestinal biopsy specimens were taken before and 6 weeks after initiating the gluten challenge. Biopsy results were reported on a continuous numeric scale that measured the villus-height-to-crypt-depth ratio to quantify gluten-induced intestinal injury...
July 2017: Cellular and Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507006/perspective-gluten-free-products-for-patients-with-celiac-disease-should-not-contain-trace-levels
#17
Peter Makovicky, Pavol Makovicky, Iulia Lupan, Gabriel Samasca, Genel Sur, Hugh James Freeman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506952/retrospective-evaluation-of-pregnant-women-with-celiac-disease
#18
Kemal Beksaç, Gökçen Örgül, Murat Çağan, Ergun Karaağaoğlu, Serap Arslan, Mehmet Sinan Beksaç
OBJECTIVE: To show celiac disease (CD) and its poor pregnancy outcome relationship, and to demonstrate the importance of a gluten-free diet together with low-dose low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) and low-dose corticosteroid (LDC) in the management of pregnancies with CD. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study consisted of 2 groups of patients. Six patients with CD (control group) on a gluten-free diet were monitored during their first pregnancies within the framework of antenatal care program and their pregnancy outcomes were compared with eight poorly-treated pregnant patients with CD (study group) who were referred from other medical institutions...
March 15, 2017: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506538/epitope-specific-immunotherapy-targeting-cd4-positive-t-cells-in-coeliac-disease-two-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-phase-1-studies
#19
Gautam Goel, Tim King, A James Daveson, Jane M Andrews, Janakan Krishnarajah, Richard Krause, Gregor J E Brown, Ronald Fogel, Charles F Barish, Roger Epstein, Timothy P Kinney, Philip B Miner, Jason A Tye-Din, Adam Girardin, Juha Taavela, Alina Popp, John Sidney, Markku Mäki, Kaela E Goldstein, Patrick H Griffin, Suyue Wang, John L Dzuris, Leslie J Williams, Alessandro Sette, Ramnik J Xavier, Ludvig M Sollid, Bana Jabri, Robert P Anderson
BACKGROUND: A gluten-free diet is the only means to manage coeliac disease, a permanent immune intolerance to gluten. We developed a therapeutic vaccine, Nexvax2, designed to treat coeliac disease. Nexvax2 is an adjuvant-free mix of three peptides that include immunodominant epitopes for gluten-specific CD4-positive T cells. The vaccine is intended to engage and render gluten-specific CD4-positive T cells unresponsive to further antigenic stimulation. We assessed the safety and pharmacodynamics of the vaccine in patients with coeliac disease on a gluten-free diet...
May 11, 2017: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502679/the-association-between-semaphorin-3a-levels-and-gluten-free-diet-in-patients-with-celiac-disease
#20
Aharon Kessel, Chen Lin, Zahava Vadasz, Regina Peri, Nasren Eiza, Drora Berkowitz
Celiac disease (CD) is an inflammatory disease affecting the small intestine. We aim to assess serum level and expression of semaphorin 3A (Sema3A) on T regulatory (Treg) cells in CD patients. Twenty-six newly diagnosed celiac patients, 13 celiac patients on a gluten-free diet and 16 healthy controls included in the study. Sema3A protein level in the serum of celiac patients was significantly higher compared to healthy group (7.17±1.8ng/ml vs. 5.67±1.5ng/ml, p=0.012). Sema3A expression on Treg cells was statistically lower in celiac patients compared to healthy subjects (p=0...
May 11, 2017: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
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