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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634545/herbal-and-alternative-medicine-use-in-tanzanian-adults-admitted-with-hypertension-related-diseases-a-mixed-methods-study
#1
Anthony Liwa, Rebecca Roediger, Hyasinta Jaka, Amina Bougaila, Luke Smart, Stacey Langwick, Robert Peck
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is increasingly common in sub-Saharan Africa where traditional medicine use is also common. We conducted a hospital-based, mixed-methods study to determine prevalence, pattern, and correlates of herbal and alternative medicine use in Tanzanian adults hospitalized with hypertension. METHODS: A standardized questionnaire was administered. In-depth interviews were performed on a subset of participants. Factors associated with herbal medicine use were determined by logistic regression...
2017: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625956/comparison-of-anti-bph-capsule-herbal-and-terazosin-hcl-in-the-treatment-of-benign-prostate-hyperplasia
#2
Hafiz Mohammad Rashid Nadeem, Ejaz Mohiuddin, Shahab UdDin, Muhammad Daniyal, Khan Usmanghani
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a disease of senile age, usually occurring> 60 years of age. BPH is a disease that involves cell proliferation of the prostate. Pathological hyperplasia affects the elements of the glandular and connective tissue of the prostate. This study is designed to scrutinize the efficacy and tolerability of herbal drug Anti BPH capsule for the management of benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH), in this study we select the 100 patients in which 50 received the Anti BPH capsule and 50 received the Terazosin HCl...
January 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618855/stability-of-and-factors-related-to-medical-student-specialty-choice-of-psychiatry
#3
Matthew N Goldenberg, D Keith Williams, John J Spollen
OBJECTIVE: Targeted efforts are needed to increase the number of medical students choosing psychiatry, but little is known about when students decide on their specialty or what factors influence their choice. The authors examined the timing and stability of student career choice of psychiatry compared with other specialties and determined what pre- and intra-medical school factors were associated with choosing a career in psychiatry. METHOD: Using survey data from students who graduated from U...
June 16, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611882/difference-in-r01-grant-funding-among-osteopathic-and-allopathic-emergency-physicians-over-the-last-decade
#4
Martina Antony, Jennifer Savino, John Ashurst
INTRODUCTION: Receiving an R01 grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) is regarded as a major accomplishment for the physician researcher and can be used as a means of scholarly activity for core faculty in emergency medicine (EM). However, the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education requires that a grant must be obtained for it to count towards a core faculty member's scholarly activity, while the American Osteopathic Association states that an application for a grant would qualify for scholarly activity whether it is received or not...
June 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607940/orthopaedic-resident-preparation-and-confidence-in-treating-on-field-injuries
#5
Jonathan D Hodax, Andrew D Sobel, Steven DeFroda, Alison B Chambers, Michael J Hulstyn
BACKGROUND: Orthopaedic surgery residents may cover athletic events, although the training provided to prepare residents for this role and oversight from attending physicians during these activities is not well understood. PURPOSE: To survey orthopaedic residents about the training provided by their residency program for on-field athletic coverage and to understand their levels of preparation for this role and confidence in treating commonly encountered on-field conditions...
May 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607241/composition-and-distribution-of-the-health-workforce-in-india-estimates-based-on-data-from-the-national-sample-survey
#6
Krishna D Rao, Renu Shahrawat, Aarushi Bhatnagar
BACKGROUND: The availability of reliable and comprehensive information on the health workforce is crucial for workforce planning. In India, routine information sources on the health workforce are incomplete and unreliable. This paper addresses this issue and provides a comprehensive picture of India's health workforce. METHODS: Data from the 68th round (July 2011 to June 2012) of the National Sample Survey on the Employment and unemployment situation in India were analysed to produce estimates of the health workforce in India...
September 2016: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604318/complementary-medicines-when-regulation-results-in-revolution
#7
Liezl Fourie, Frasia Oosthuizen, Karen Du Toit
Medicines have evolved over time and so has the realisation of the importance of quality control and regulatory processes. The regulatory practices include all the steps from the development and manufacture of the active ingredients until the medicines reach the consumer. The Medicines Control Council (MCC) is mandated to regulate medicines in South Africa. Complementary medicines were previously perceived to be unregulated, although the Medicines Act does not distinguish between allopathic and complementary medicine...
May 24, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603112/alternative-treatment-in-hepatitis-b-by-using-polyherbal-formulation
#8
Omar Iqbal, Halima Nazar, Samina Afzal, Khan Usmanghani
The hepatitis B is most prevalent diseases (along with morbidities) in Asian countries. This research study has been conducted to provide an alternative treatment which is safe, effective and cost-effective to comprehend relations of disease, symptoms, patients response and the clinical response via better management of hepatitis B. The goal of this research is to evaluate efficacy and safety of herbal medicine as compared to allopathic medicine in patients suffering from hepatitis B. This was a single blind, randomized controlled clinical trial conducted at Shifa-ul-Mulk Memorial Hospital Hamdard University, Karachi and Dar ul Shifa Unani Dawakhana Karachi, Pakistan...
January 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592299/real-versus-sham-proximal-biofield-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-warts-of-the-hands-and-feet-in-adults-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-magnetik-study
#9
Cathy Gaillard, Laure Allain, Hélène Legros, Sylvie Brucato, Yohann Desgue, Christophe Rouillon, Laure Peyro-Saint-Paul, Anne Dompmartin
BACKGROUND: Despite the lack of scientific studies on biofield therapies, they are widely acclaimed by patients. The mechanisms of action are not explained by current allopathic medical approaches. Warts are common and contagious viral lesions that may be refractory to standard dermatologic treatments such as cryotherapy, laser therapy, and keratolytic ointments. Biofield therapies are efficient in various pathologies. Their ability to treat warts has never been demonstrated in a scientific study with a robust methodology...
June 7, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577513/synergistic-protective-effect-of-picrorhiza-with-honey-in-acetaminophen-induced-hepatic-injury
#10
Prashant Gupta, Alok Tripathi, Tripti Agrawal, Chandradeo Narayan, B M Singh, Mohan Kumar, Arvind Kumar
Rhizome of picrorhiza along with honey prevents hepatic damage and cure the acetaminophen (paracetamol) induced hepatotoxicity by modulating the activity of hepatic enzymes. Here, we studied the in vivo effects of Picrorhiza kurroa and honey on acetaminophen induced hepatotoxicity Balb/c mice model. Hepatic histopathological observations of acetaminophen fed (day-6) group showed more congestion, hemorrhage, necrosis, distorted hepatic architecture and nuclear inclusion. Such damages were recompensed to normal by picrorhiza or honey alone or both in combinations...
August 2016: Indian Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562454/exploring-the-relationships-between-usmle-performance-and-disciplinary-action-in-practice-a-validity-study-of-score-inferences-from-a-licensure-examination
#11
Monica M Cuddy, Aaron Young, Andrew Gelman, David B Swanson, David A Johnson, Gerard F Dillon, Brian E Clauser
PURPOSE: Physicians must pass the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) to obtain an unrestricted license to practice allopathic medicine in the United States. Little is known, however, about how well USMLE performance relates to physician behavior in practice, particularly conduct inconsistent with safe, effective patient care. The authors examined the extent to which USMLE scores relate to the odds of receiving a disciplinary action from a U.S. state medical board. METHOD: Controlling for multiple factors, the authors used non-nested multilevel logistic regression analyses to estimate the relationships between scores and receiving an action...
May 30, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556861/osteopathic-medical-students-entering-family-medicine-and-attitudes-regarding-osteopathic-manipulative-treatment-preliminary-findings-of-differences-by-sex
#12
Helen H Baker, Machelle Linsenmeyer, Lance C Ridpath, Laurie J Bauer, Robert W Foster
Context: Factors distinguishing osteopathic physicians from their allopathic counterparts include the use of osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT), application of osteopathic principles and practice (OPP), and a greater likelihood of entering primary care, specifically family medicine (FM). In the United States, the percentage of entering osteopathic medical students who were female rose from 14.3% in fall 1977 to 44.3% in fall 2015. Objectives: To investigate the perspectives of female osteopathic medical students as they relate to osteopathic distinctiveness...
June 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535318/allopathic-and-osteopathic-medicine-unify-gme-accreditation-a-historic-convergence
#13
Abdul-Kareem H Ahmed, Peter F Schnatz, Eli Y Adashi
In 1968, the American Medical Association resolved to accept qualified graduates of osteopathic medical schools into its accredited Graduate Medical Education (GME) programs. An equally momentous decision was arrived at in 2014 when the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME), the American Osteopathic Association (AOA), and the American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine (AACOM) resolved to institute a single unified GME accreditation system by July 1, 2020. As envisioned, the unified accreditation system will all but assure system-wide consistency of purpose and practice in anticipation of the Next Accreditation System (NAS) of the ACGME...
May 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511679/evaluation-of-anti-inflammatory-and-gastric-anti-ulcer-activity-of-phyllanthus-niruri-l-euphorbiaceae-leaves-in-experimental-rats
#14
Ronia Mostofa, Shanta Ahmed, Mst Marium Begum, Md Sohanur Rahman, Taslima Begum, Siraj Uddin Ahmed, Riazul Haque Tuhin, Munny Das, Amir Hossain, Manju Sharma, Rayhana Begum
BACKGROUND: The medicinal plants signify a massive basin of potential phytoconstituents that could be valuable as a substitute to allopathic drugs or considered as an analogue in drug development. Phyllanthus niruri L. (Euphorbiaceae) is generally used in traditional medicine to treat ulcer and inflammation. In this project we investigated the methanolic extract of leaves of Phyllanthus niruri for anti-inflammatory and anti-ulcer activity. METHODS: The anti-inflammatory activity of methanol extract of Phyllanthus niruri leaves was evaluated at the doses of 100, 200 and 400 mg/kg, p...
May 16, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488300/justice-and-care-decision-making-by-medical-school-student-promotions-committees
#15
Emily P Green, Philip A Gruppuso
CONTEXT: The function of medical school entities that determine student advancement or dismissal has gone largely unexplored. The decision making of 'academic progress' or student promotions committees is examined using a theoretical framework contrasting ethics of justice and care, with roots in the moral development work of theorists Kohlberg and Gilligan. OBJECTIVES: To ascertain promotions committee members' conceptualisation of the role of their committee, ethical orientations used in member decision making, and student characteristics most influential in that decision making...
June 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480739/translation-and-purification-ayurvedic-psychiatry-allopathic-psychiatry-spirits-and-occult-violence-in-kerala-south-india
#16
Claudia Lang
In this paper, the author traces two parallel movements of institutionalized Ayurvedic psychiatry, an emergent field of specialization in Kerala, India: the 'work of purification' and the 'work of translation' that Latour has described as characteristic of the 'modern constitution.' The author delineates these processes in terms of the relationship of Ayurvedic psychiatry to (1) allopathic psychiatry, (2) bhutavidya, a branch of textual Ayurveda dealing with spirits, and (3) occult violence. The aim is to offer a model of these open and hidden processes and of Ayurvedic psychiatry's positioning within a hierarchical mental health field characterized simultaneously by biopsychiatric hegemony and a persistent vernacular healing tradition...
May 8, 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470077/allopathic-and-traditional-health-practitioners-a-reply-to-nemutandani-hendricks-and-mulaudzi
#17
Rudi W De Lange
An earlier paper in this journal reported on the perception and experience of 77 allopathic health practitioners (AHPs) and health managers about working together with South African traditional health practitioners (THPs). The paper stated that the abolishment of the Witchcraft Suppression Act of 1957 and the introduction of the Traditional Health Practitioners Act No. 22 of 2007 is a milestone in the development of traditional health knowledge, and for the eventual incorporation thereof into modern health care practices...
April 26, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464140/types-and-distribution-of-payments-from-industry-to-physicians-in-2015
#18
Kathryn R Tringale, Deborah Marshall, Tim K Mackey, Michael Connor, James D Murphy, Jona A Hattangadi-Gluth
Importance: Given scrutiny over financial conflicts of interest in health care, it is important to understand the types and distribution of industry-related payments to physicians. Objective: To determine the types and distribution of industry-related payments to physicians in 2015 and the association of physician specialty and sex with receipt of payments from industry. Design, Setting, and Participants: Observational, retrospective, population-based study of licensed US physicians (per National Plan & Provider Enumeration System) linked to 2015 Open Payments reports of industry payments...
May 2, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459711/a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-minimum-usmle-step-1-and-2-criteria-used-by-orthopaedic-surgery-residency-programs-in-screening-residency-applications
#19
John B Schrock, Matthew J Kraeutler, Michael R Dayton, Eric C McCarty
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to analyze how program directors (PDs) of orthopaedic surgery residency programs use United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step 1 and 2 scores in screening residency applicants. METHODS: A survey was sent to each allopathic orthopaedic surgery residency PD. PDs were asked if they currently use minimum Step 1 and/or 2 scores in screening residency applicants and if these criteria have changed in recent years...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448541/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-cam-use-and-delays-in-presentation-and-diagnosis-of-breast-cancer-patients-in-public-hospitals-in-malaysia
#20
Noor Mastura Mohd Mujar, Maznah Dahlui, Nor Aina Emran, Imisairi Abdul Hadi, Yan Yang Wai, Sarojah Arulanantham, Chea Chan Hooi, Nur Aishah Mohd Taib
Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is widely used among the breast cancer patients in Malaysia. Delays in presentation, diagnosis and treatment have been shown to impact the disease prognosis. There is considerable use of CAM amongst breast cancer patients. CAM use has been cited as a cause of delay in diagnosis and treatments in qualitative studies, however there had not been any confirmatory study that confirms its impact on delays. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the use of CAM among newly diagnosed breast cancer patients was associated with delays in presentation, diagnosis or treatment of breast cancer...
2017: PloS One
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