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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320100/drosophila-melanogaster-a-potential-model-organism-for-identification-of-pharmacological-properties-of-plants-plant-derived-components
#1
REVIEW
Komal Panchal, Anand K Tiwari
Plants/plant-derived components have been used from ancient times to treat/cure several human diseases. Plants and their parts possess several chemical components that play the vital role in the improvement of human health and their life expectancy. Allopathic medicines have been playing a key role in the treatment of several diseases. Though allopathic medicines provide fast relief, long time consumption cause serious health concerns such as hyperallergic reactions, liver damage, etc. So, the study of medicinal plants which rarely cause any side effect is very important to mankind...
March 18, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298155/the-state-of-leadership-education-in-us-medical-schools-results-of-a-national-survey
#2
Sabrina M Neeley, Brian Clyne, Daniel Resnick-Ault
Over the past two decades, there have been increasing calls for physicians to develop the capabilities to lead health care transformation. Many experts and authors have suggested that leadership education should begin during medical school; however, little information exists regarding the presence or nature of undergraduate medical education leadership curricula in the USA. This study sought to determine the prevalence of formal leadership education in US undergraduate medical schools, as well as the delivery methods and degree of student participation...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292291/traditional-arabic-islamic-medicine-validation-and-empirical-assessment-of-a-conceptual-model-in-qatar
#3
Sara N AlRawi, Amal Khidir, Maha S Elnashar, Huda A Abdelrahim, Amal K Killawi, Maya M Hammoud, Michael D Fetters
BACKGROUND: Evidence indicates traditional medicine is no longer only used for the healthcare of the poor, its prevalence is also increasing in countries where allopathic medicine is predominant in the healthcare system. While these healing practices have been utilized for thousands of years in the Arabian Gulf, only recently has a theoretical model been developed illustrating the linkages and components of such practices articulated as Traditional Arabic & Islamic Medicine (TAIM). Despite previous theoretical work presenting development of the TAIM model, empirical support has been lacking...
March 14, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292208/herbal-medicines-for-diabetes-control-among-indian-and-pakistani-migrants-with-diabetes
#4
Tania Porqueddu
Drawing on data collected during a 16-month ethnographic investigation, this paper explores practices around Indians' and Pakistanis' use of herbal medications for diabetes control. The ethnographic study was conducted among Indian and Pakistani migrants in Edinburgh, Scotland and included extended participant observation, six group discussions and 21 semi-structured interviews. Respondents showed great resistance in adhering to medication prescriptions for diabetes control due to their various side effects, especially within the stomach...
April 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274052/efficacy-of-natural-and-allopathic-antimicrobial-agents-incorporated-onto-guided-tissue-regeneration-membrane-against-periodontal-pathogens-an-in-vitro-study
#5
Neha Mehrotra, Ajay Reddy Palle, Rajani Kumar Gedela, Sanjay Vasudevan
INTRODUCTION: Periodontal disease is one of the most prevalent afflictions worldwide. It is an infection of the periodontium as a result of subgingival colonization of the specific microbiota, leading to loss of attachment, which requires optimal care for regeneration to its pre-disease state. Guided Tissue Regeneration (GTR) is one of the successful treatment modalities in Periodontal Regenerative Therapy, but is vulnerable to bacterial colonization. The conflict between usage of classical antibiotics and plant origin antimicrobial agents has recently been in the limelight...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264091/racial-disparities-in-medical-student-membership-in-the-alpha-omega-alpha-honor-society
#6
Dowin Boatright, David Ross, Patrick O'Connor, Edward Moore, Marcella Nunez-Smith
Importance: Previous studies have found racial and ethnic inequities in the receipt of academic awards, such as promotions and National Institutes of Health research funding, among academic medical center faculty. Few data exist about similar racial/ethnic disparities at the level of undergraduate medical education. Objective: To examine the association between medical student race/ethnicity and induction into the Alpha Omega Alpha (AΩA) honor society. Design, Setting, and Participants: This study analyzed data from the Electronic Residency Application Service, the official service used by US medical students to apply to residency programs...
March 6, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250793/cytochrome-p450-and-p-glycoprotein-mediated-interactions-involving-african-herbs-indicated-for-common-noncommunicable-diseases
#7
REVIEW
Gregory Ondieki, Makafui Nyagblordzro, Siambi Kikete, Rongjia Liang, Lili Wang, Xin He
Herbal remedies are regularly used to complement conventional therapies in the treatment of various illnesses in Africa. This may be because they are relatively cheap and easily accessible and are believed by many to be safe, cause fewer side effects, and are less likely to cause dependency. On the contrary, many herbs have been shown to alter the pharmacokinetics of coadministered allopathic medicines and can either synergize or antagonize therapeutic effects as well as altering the toxicity profiles of these drugs...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235753/testing-and-evaluation-the-present-and-future-of-the-assessment-of-medical-professionals
#8
REVIEW
Steven A Haist, Agata P Butler, Miguel A Paniagua
The aim of this review is to highlight recent and potential future enhancements to the United States Licensing Examination (USMLE) program. The USMLE program is co-owned by the National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME) and the Federation of State Medical Boards. The USMLE includes four examinations: Step 1, Step 2 Clinical Knowledge, Step 2 Clinical Skills, and Step 3; every graduate of Liaison Committee on Medical Education-accredited allopathic medical schools and all international medical graduates must pass this examination series to practice medicine in the United States...
March 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228128/leveraging-the-private-sector-for-child-health-a-qualitative-examination-of-caregiver-and-provider-perspectives-on-private-sector-care-for-childhood-pneumonia-in-uttar-pradesh-india
#9
Aurélie Brunie, Rachel Lenzi, Anamika Lahiri, Rasa Izadnegahdar
BACKGROUND: The private health sector is a primary source of curative care for childhood illnesses in many low- and middle-income countries. Therefore ensuring appropriate private sector care is an important step towards improving outcomes from illnesses like pneumonia, which is the leading infectious cause of childhood mortality worldwide. This study aimed to provide evidence on private sector care for childhood pneumonia in Uttar Pradesh, India, by simultaneously exploring providers' knowledge and practices and caregivers' experiences...
February 22, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225459/it-is-time-to-cancel-medicine-s-social-contract-metaphor
#10
John M Harris
There is agreement that the complex relationship between medicine and society is best described as a metaphorical social contract and that professionalism is the medical profession's contribution to this contract. Metaphors can help clarify abstract concepts, but they can also be abused if the counterfactual attributes of a metaphor become attributed to its subject. This seems to be happening with medical professionalism, which has sometimes been reduced to a contracted deliverable and a bargaining chip. The undesirable attributes of the social contract metaphor may be hindering efforts to understand and teach medical professionalism...
February 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211646/observational-study-on-the-dispensing-of-cough-syrups-to-children-with-acute-cough-by-community-pharmacists-in-france
#11
François-André Allaert, Stéphanie Villet, Stéphane Vincent, Laurent Sauve
BACKGROUND: Over-the-counter medicines may be proposed by pharmacists for children with acute cough. Study objectives were to describe the sociodemographic profile of children who were proposed a cough syrup by a pharmacist, the nature of the cough and type(s) of cough syrup proposed and to assess the evolution of the cough, tolerance and satisfaction with treatment. METHODS: Observational, prospective, longitudinal, multicentre study with 157 pharmacies in France...
February 17, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209185/health-literacy-in-a-community-with-low-levels-of-education-findings-from-chakaria-a-rural-area-of-bangladesh
#12
Susmita Das, Mohammad Nahid Mia, Syed Manzoor Ahmed Hanifi, Shahidul Hoque, Abbas Bhuiya
BACKGROUND: Health literacy (HL) helps individuals to make effective use of available health services. In low-income countries such as Bangladesh, the less than optimum use of services could be due to low levels of HL. Bangladesh's health service delivery is pluralistic with a mix of public, private and informally trained healthcare providers. Emphasis on HL has been inadequate. Thus, it is important to assess the levels of HL and service utilization patterns. The findings from this study aim to bridge the knowledge gap...
February 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187005/the-state-of-disability-awareness-in-american-medical-schools
#13
Erica Seidel, Scott Crowe
This study was designed to: (1) determine how many American medical schools include disability awareness in their curriculum, (2) explore the format of disability awareness programs in existence, and (3) understand why some schools do not include disability awareness in their curriculum. An online survey was sent to deans of medical education (or equivalent positions) at accredited allopathic and osteopathic American medical schools (N = 167) in 2015. Seventy-five schools (45%) completed surveys. Fifty-two percent (39/75) reported having a disability awareness program...
February 9, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183709/consequences-of-delivery-at-home-in-a-woman-without-prenatal-care
#14
Nakul Kumar, Lisa Gilbert, Terry Ellis, Sandeep Krishnan
This is a case report of a 39-year-old multigravida woman without allopathic prenatal care who, after three previous caesarean sections, attempted to deliver her fourth child at home with the help of a direct entry midwife. During labour, fetal movement and fetal heart tones became undetectable, at which time the patient was referred by the midwife to the hospital. The patient was diagnosed with uterine rupture, bladder rupture and fetal demise; she was rushed to emergency surgery. The patient's lack of allopathic prenatal care, attempt of vaginal birth after three previous caesarean sections, coupled with her desire for delivery at home, led to her complicated course...
February 9, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181644/the-role-of-traditional-and-faith-healers-in-the-treatment-of-dementia-in-tanzania-and-the-potential-for-collaboration-with-allopathic-healthcare-services
#15
Guy Hindley, John Kissima, Lloyd L Oates, Stella-Maria Paddick, Aloyce Kisoli, Christine Brandsma, William K Gray, Richard W Walker, Declare Mushi, Catherine L Dotchin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 4, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167467/clinical-efficacy-and-safety-of-herbal-medicine-dermidoc-in-the-management-of-atopic-dermatitis-versus-allopathic-medicine-polymixinb-bacitrin-ointment
#16
Muhammad Osama Alam, Ejaz Mohiuddin, - Shahab-Ud-Din, Muhammad Daniyal, Khan Usmanghani
Atopic dermatitis (AD) commonly identified as eczema. AD is an inflammatory, long-lasting, highly pruritic reverting disease of the skin. AD is classified by disease of outer skin layer barrier function. AD is progress with Immunoglobulin E facilitated sensitization to food and environmental allergens. One study stated that more than 59.6% of teen-agers with AD are at high risk of develop asthma or rhinitis. Interaction between genes and environment increase the prevalence of AD. AD have three standard stages: infantile, childhood, and adulthood...
November 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162034/persons-living-with-hiv-infection-on-antiretroviral-therapy-also-consulting-traditional-healers-a-study-in-three-african-countries
#17
Jane N Wanyama, Sharon Tsui, Cynthia Kwok, Rhoda K Wanyenze, Julie A Denison, Olivier Koole, Eric van Praag, Barbara Castelnuovo, Fred Wabwire-Mangen, Gideon P Kwesigabo, Robert Colebunders
Traditional healers provide healthcare to a substantial proportion of people living with HIV infection (PLHIV) in high HIV burden countries in sub-Saharan Africa. However, the impact on the health of retained patients visiting traditional healers is unknown. In 2011, a study to asses adherence to anti-retroviral therapy (ART) performed in 18 purposefully selected HIV treatment centers in Tanzania, Zambia and Uganda showed that 'consulting a traditional healer/herbalist because of HIV' was an independent risk factor for incomplete ART adherence...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160764/vaccination-attitudes-and-practices-of-integrative-medicine-physicians
#18
Laura Jean Buehning, Kenneth Michael Peddecord
Context • The growth of Internet-based information and social networking has increased the accessibility and importance of antivaccine information. That information has led to a questioning of vaccination schedules and policies by many individuals. Although the attitudes of complementary and alternative practitioners, such as homeopaths and chiropractic students, toward vaccination have been assessed, despite the growth of integrative medicine, no assessment of the attitudes and practices regarding vaccination of these physicians has been performed...
January 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134953/comparison-of-basic-science-knowledge-between-do-and-md-students
#19
Glenn E Davis, Gregory G Gayer
CONTEXT: With the coming single accreditation system for graduate medical education, medical educators may wonder whether knowledge in basic sciences is equivalent for osteopathic and allopathic medical students. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether medical students' basic science knowledge is the same among osteopathic and allopathic medical students. METHODS: A dataset of the Touro University College of Osteopathic Medicine-CA student records from the classes of 2013, 2014, and 2015 and the national cohort of National Board of Medical Examiners Comprehensive Basic Science Examination (NBME-CBSE) parameters for MD students were used...
February 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125303/sugarcane-molasses-a-potential-dietary-supplement-in-the-management-of-iron-deficiency-anemia
#20
Rahi Jain, Padma Venkatasubramanian
Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is a serious public health problem that debilitates ∼1.6 billion people globally every year, the majority being pregnant women and children from developing countries. In India, for example, in spite of several operational programs at the national level using iron-folic acid and other allopathic interventions, IDA is still prevalent. Traditional medicines, such as Ayurveda, prescribe herbal formulations containing sugarcane derivatives for the management of pandu, a condition similar to IDA...
September 3, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
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