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Shanaz Ghuman, Bhekumthetho Ncube, Jeffrey F Finnie, Lyndy J McGaw, Roger M Coopoosamy, Johannes Van Staden
Medicinal plants used for wound healing and skin diseases are the key to unlocking the doors to combating problematic skin diseases as resistance of pathogens to pharmaceuticals and allopathic management continues to increase. The study aimed at investigating the antimicrobial efficacies, phenolic content, and cytotoxicity effects of 11 medicinal plant extracts commonly used for treating skin conditions and wound healing in traditional medicine within KwaZulu-Natal. Eleven plant species were separated into different plant parts (bulbs, roots, leaves) and extracted with different solvents...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Adam S Cheifetz, Robert Gianotti, Raphael Luber, Peter R Gibson
Patients and physicians often have many questions regarding the role of complementary and alternative medicines (CAMs), or non-allopathic therapies, for inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). CAMs of various forms are used by more than half of patients with IBD during some point in their disease course. We summarize the available evidence for the most commonly used and discussed CAMs. We discuss evidence for the effects of herbs (such as cannabis and curcumin), probiotics, acupuncture, exercise, and mind-body therapy...
October 12, 2016: Gastroenterology
Guy Hindley, John Kissima, Lloyd L Oates, Stella-Maria Paddick, Aloyce Kisoli, Christine Brandsma, William K Gray, Richard W Walker, Declare Mushi, Catherine L Dotchin
BACKGROUND: low diagnostic rates are a barrier to improving care for the growing number of people with dementia in sub-Saharan Africa. Many people with dementia are thought to visit traditional healers (THs) and Christian faith healers (FHs) and these groups may have a role in identifying people with dementia. We aimed to explore the practice and attitudes of these healers regarding dementia in rural Tanzania and investigate attitudes of their patients and their patients' carers. METHODS: this was a qualitative study conducted in Hai district, Tanzania...
October 4, 2016: Age and Ageing
N Malviya, S Malviya, S Jain, S Vyas
Male sexual dysfunction is a common disorder that appears to be a consequence of a wide range of physical and psychological conditions. Due to mental stress, insufficient physical exercise and various aetiological factors, human being's life is becoming less pleasant, which leads to incapability to have sexual pleasure. The allopathic drugs used for sexual dysfunction are believed to produce a variety of side effects and affect other physiological processes and, ultimately, general health. Therefore, the search for natural supplement from medicinal plants is being intensified probably because of less side effects availability and affordability...
October 2016: Andrologia
Adam J McTighe, Robert A DiTomasso, Stephanie Felgoise, Mohammadreza Hojat
CONTEXT: Empathy is an integral component of the patient-physician relationship and involves a cognitive ability to connect with others in a meaningful fashion. Multiple longitudinal studies have shown that self-reported allopathic medical student empathy declines significantly during year 3. However, to date, only 4 cross-sectional studies have been published on osteopathic medical students' empathy. Whereas studies of allopathic medical students reported a decline in empathy, similar results were not found in osteopathic studies...
October 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Rinu K Rana, Rakesh K Patel
BACKGROUND: The involvement of debilitating side effects of allopathic antiasthmatic drugs provides a strong impetus for the development of new herbal therapeutics. Myrica nagi Thunb. (Syn. Kaiphal) of Myricaceae family is a known drug of the Ayurveda system used for the treatment of several diseases including asthma. METHODS: The present study deals with the preparation and phytochemical screening of polar, non-polar and methanolic extracts of Myrica nagi bark followed by the evaluation of their antiasthmatic activity using four different animal experimental models: acetylcholine induced bronchospasm in conscious guinea pigs, acetylcholine induced contraction on isolated guinea pig tracheal chain preparation, compound 48/80 induced mast cell degranulation using rat, and trypsin and egg albumin induced bronchospasm in conscious rat...
September 23, 2016: Anti-inflammatory & Anti-allergy Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
Irene A Kretchy, Harry A Okere, Joseph Osafo, Barima Afrane, Joseph Sarkodie, Philip Debrah
OBJECTIVE: Integrative medicine refers to ongoing efforts to combine the best of conventional and evidence-based complementary therapies. While this effort for collaboration is increasing, traditional complementary and alternative medicine (TM-CAM) remains poorly integrated into the current healthcare system of Ghana. At present, it is not clear if practitioners of mainstream medicine favor integrative medicine. The present study, therefore, sought to explore the perceptions of conventional healthcare professionals on integrative medicine...
September 2016: Journal of Integrative Medicine
Henrik Szőke, Márta Maródi, Zsuzsa Sallay, Balázs Székely, Martin-Günther Sterner, Gabriella Hegyi
BACKGROUND: Chronic otitis media with effusion (COME) and adenoid hypertrophy (AH) are common entities in the pediatric population. The conventional treatment approach (conventional medicine; COM) involved mainly surgery after a period of close observation. In this study, we aimed to introduce an integrative, non-invasive approach (integrative medicine; IM) for COME, AH, and associated episodes of recurrent acute otitis media, and compared outcomes with conventional treatment. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, non-randomized study in an integrative primary care pediatric practice and a conventional pediatric otolaryngological clinic, where treatment modality was determined by patient preference...
2016: Forschende Komplementärmedizin, Research in Complementary Medicine
K Lakshmi Josyula, Kabir Sheikh, Devaki Nambiar, Venkatesh V Narayan, T N Sathyanarayana, John D H Porter
The government of India has, over the past decade, implemented the "integration" of traditional, complementary and alternative medical (TCAM) practitioners, specifically practitioners of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, Sowa-rigpa, and Homoeopathy (collectively known by the acronym AYUSH), in government health services. A range of operational and ethical challenges has manifested during this process of large health system reform. We explored the practices and perceptions of health system actors, in relation to AYUSH providers' roles in government health services in three Indian states - Kerala, Meghalaya, and Delhi...
October 2016: Social Science & Medicine
Clyde B Jensen
The continuum cleft is a costly and precarious gap that divides professions on the health professions' continuum. It is an interprofessional phenomenon that is encouraged because health care professions protect their members in professional silos and isolate competing professions in professional cysts. This article uses case studies of the allopathic, osteopathic, naturopathic, and chiropractic professions to contemplate the existence, consequences, and possible mitigation of intraprofessional silos, cysts, and clefts...
August 2016: Integrative Medicine
Millicent King Channell
Although national didactic criteria have been set for predoctoral education and assessment in osteopathic manipulative treatment, there is no criterion standard for teaching methods and assessments of osteopathic manipulative treatment competence in colleges of osteopathic medicine. This issue is more pressing with the creation of the single graduate medical education accreditation system by the American Osteopathic Association and Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, which introduced the creation of "osteopathic recognition" for residencies that want to incorporate osteopathic principles and practice into their programs...
September 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Mercy Abbey, Margaret A Chinbuah, Margaret Gyapong, L Kay Bartholomew, Bart van den Borne
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization recommends community case management of malaria and pneumonia for reduction of under-five mortality in developing countries. Caregivers' perception and understanding of the illness influences the care a sick child receives. Studies in Ghana and elsewhere have routinely shown adequate recognition of malaria by caregivers. Similarly, evidence from Asia and some African countries have shown adequate knowledge on pneumonia. However, in Ghana, little has been documented about community awareness, knowledge, perceptions and management of childhood pneumonia particularly in the Dangme West district...
2016: BMC Public Health
Amy Lynn Sorrel
Stuart D. Flynn, MD, is the inaugural dean of the new Fort Worth allopathic medical school, a partnership of The University of North Texas Health Science Center and Texas Christian University.
2016: Texas Medicine
Phurpa Wangchuk, ᅟ Tashi
BACKGROUND: The Bhutanese So-wa-rig-pa medicine (BSM) was integrated with the allopathic (modern) health care system in 1967. Ever since the health care integration policy was implemented, the BSM has gone through many phases of quality improvement and changes including the establishment of one university-based institute, 58 hospitals and Basic Health Units (BHU)-based health care services, and one traditional medicine factory. The BSM provides primary health care services to more than 20-30 % of patients who visit hospitals and BHU on a daily basis...
2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Daniel J Carlat, Teddy Fagrelius, Reshma Ramachandran, Joseph S Ross, Sallyann Bergh
BACKGROUND: Best practices for conflict-of-interest (COI) policies in medical schools have evolved rapidly over the past decade, in part motivated by the American Medical Student Association (AMSA) scorecard that has publicly graded schools since 2007. This report describes the methodological update and impact of revisions to the scorecard in 2014. METHODS: The original AMSA scorecard (used annually from 2008 to 2013) was revised by a work group to improve its methodology and to increase the stringency of its criteria for scoring COI policies...
2016: BMC Medical Education
Anuradha Joshi, Jatin Buch, Nitin Kothari, Nishal Shah
INTRODUCTION: Prescription order is an important therapeutic transaction between physician and patient. A good quality prescription is an extremely important factor for minimizing errors in dispensing medication and it should be adherent to guidelines for prescription writing for benefit of the patient. AIM: To evaluate frequency and type of prescription errors in outpatient prescriptions and find whether prescription writing abides with WHO standards of prescription writing...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Valerie F Williams, Leslie L Clark, Mark G McNellis
Survey-based research has demonstrated the increasing use and acceptance of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in general and military populations. This report summarizes the use of three CAM procedures (chiropractic/osteopathic manipulation, acupuncture, and biofeedback) among active component service members from 2010 through 2015. Findings document a marked increase in the use of chiropractic/osteopathic manipulation and acupuncture procedures since 2010. The majority of the 240 military installations in this analysis provided chiropractic/osteopathic manipulation; more than three-quarters provided acupuncture; and approximately one-third provided biofeedback procedures...
July 2016: MSMR
Shawna L Watson, Robert H Hollis, Lasun Oladeji, Shin Xu, John R Porterfield, Brent A Ponce
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the effect of the fellowship interview process in a cohort of general surgery residents. We hypothesized that the interview process would be associated with significant clinical time lost, monetary expenses, and increased need for shift coverage. DESIGN: An online anonymous survey link was sent via e-mail to general surgery program directors in June 2014. Program directors distributed an additional survey link to current residents in their program who had completed the fellowship interview process...
July 11, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
Abin Chandrakumar, Abin Xavier, Augustine Xavier, Anas Manakkadiyil, Anupama Reghu, Levin Thomas
INTRODUCTION: The recent outbreaks of Hepatitis A in Kerala are suggestive of decrease in endemicity as most adults were not exposed during the childhood. In allopathic system of medicine, there is no established treatment for Hepatitis A and hence most people tend to rely on the alternate systems of medicine. The study was aimed at identifying the burden of Hepatitis A in the locality and to uncover the degree of dependence of the people on traditional systems of medicine. METHODS: The study spanned over 7 months and was conducted in Malappuram district of Kerala...
July 2016: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
Charity H Evans, Lisa L Schlitzkus, Valerie Shostrom, Kimberly D Schenarts
OBJECTIVE: The residency match process is stressful and costly for fourth-year medical students with significant personal and professional implications. We hypothesize that students use impression management (IM) tactics such as conforming to the perceived expectations of program directors and interviewers and to improve their chances of matching. DESIGN: After institutional review board approval, a piloted survey tool was administered to fourth-year medical students at 17 schools...
July 6, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
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