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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928537/antihyperlipidemic-activity-of-cassia-auriculata-flower-extract-in-oleic-acid-induced-hyperlipidemia-in-saccharomyces-cerevisiae
#1
Vijayakumar Rajendran, Anilkumar Krishnegowda, Vasanthi Nachiappan
The Cassia auriculata herb has been traditionally used in India for medicinal purposes to treat hyperglycemia, diabetes, rheumatism, asthma, and skin diseases. In the present study, ethanolic extract of Cassia auriculata flower (Et-CAF) depicted anti-hyperlipidemic effect in the budding yeast cells. The hyperlipidemic conditions were induced in the yeast cells with oleic acid which showed an increase in triacylglycerol (TAG) and sterol esters (SE), and was supported by the mRNA expression of LRO1 and DGA1 (involved in TAG formation); as well as ARE1 and ARE2 (involved in SE formation)...
August 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919221/ten-year-projections-for-us-residency-positions-will-there-be-enough-positions-to-accommodate-the-growing-number-of-u-s-medical-school-graduates
#2
Sarah Hayek, Samantha Lane, Marcus Fluck, Marie Hunsinger, Joseph Blansfield, Mohsen Shabahang
OBJECTIVE: Recently, a multitude of new U.S. medical schools have been established and existing medical schools have expanded their enrollments. The National Residency Match Program (NRMP) reports that in 2016 there were 23,339 categorical residency positions offered in the match and 26,836 overall applicants with 17,789 (66.29%) of the total candidates being U.S. allopathic graduates. In view of the rapid growth of medical school graduates, the aim of this study is to determine if current trends suggest a shortage of residency positions within the next ten years...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892554/complementary-and-integrative-health-practices-for-depression
#3
Judy Haefner
The current article reviews selected complementary health approaches for the treatment of depressive symptoms. Complementary and integrative health (CIH) focuses on the whole person with the goal of optimal health-body, mind, and spirit. Patient use of integrative health practices and products is increasing; therefore, providers must understand these practices and products and be able to recommend or advise for or against their use based on research and guidelines. Difficulty with the current limitations of research on CIH practices is discussed, as these studies often may not have the same rigor or scientific weight as conventional treatment research...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854905/traditional-healer-treatment-of-hiv-persists-in-the-era-of-art-a-mixed-methods-study-from-rural-south-africa
#4
Carolyn M Audet, Sizzy Ngobeni, Ryan G Wagner
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) substantially contributes to the burden of disease and health care provision in sub-Saharan Africa, where traditional healers play a major role in care, due to both their accessibility and acceptability. In rural, northeastern South Africa, people living with HIV often ping-pong between traditional healers and allopathic providers. METHODS: We conducted 27 in-depth interviews and 133 surveys with a random sample of traditional healers living in Bushbuckridge, South Africa, where anti-retroviral therapy (ART) is publicly available, to learn: (1) healer perspectives about which HIV patients they choose to treat; (2) the type of treatment offered; (3) outcomes expected, and; (4) the cost of delivering treatment...
August 30, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846121/pennsylvania-otolaryngologists-as-a-model-for-the-implications-of-practice-location-of-osteopathic-vs-allopathic-surgical-subspecialists
#5
Shane Griffith, Anton Power, Mark Strand
Background: Evidenced-based models should be used to predict future implications of the single accreditation system for graduate medical education. Compared with other states, Pennsylvania has a relatively high number of osteopathic physicians (ie, DOs) and may be used as a model for a health care system with an increased DO presence. Objective: To compare the geographic distribution of otolaryngologist DOs with otolaryngologist allopathic physicians (ie, MDs) in Pennsylvania and identify differences in community size (urban, urbanized, and rural) in which these physicians practice...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834842/the-decanal-divide-women-in-decanal-roles-at-u-s-medical-schools
#6
Nina F Schor
PURPOSE: To test the hypotheses that women in medical school dean-level (decanal) positions occupy lower-rank and more image- and education-focused positions than men, and that state and woman-led schools have more women in decanal positions. METHOD: Data were collected on September 10-18, 2016, from Web sites of 136 allopathic, U.S. medical schools accredited by the Liaison Committee on Medical Education and represented on the roster of accredited MD programs in the United States with full accreditation as of June 22, 2016...
August 22, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794663/physician-perspectives-on-education-training-and-implementation-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine
#7
Sejal J Patel, Kathi J Kemper, Joseph P Kitzmiller
Over recent decades, the demand for complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has continued to rise in the US. Like the practice of traditional Western medicine, CAM is associated with not only significant health benefits but also significant risks. Unlike traditional Western medicine, however, much of CAM use is less regulated and often occurs unbeknownst to a patient's medical doctor. The use of herbals, dietary supplements, and over-the-counter (OTC) medications can result in adverse effects, and many significant interactions can occur when their use is combined with allopathic medications...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789602/innovation-and-entrepreneurship-programs-in-us-medical-education-a-landscape-review-and-thematic-analysis
#8
Blake A Niccum, Arnab Sarker, Stephen J Wolf, Matthew J Trowbridge
BACKGROUND: Training in innovation and entrepreneurship (I&E) in medical education has become increasingly prevalent among medical schools to train students in complex problem solving and solution design. OBJECTIVE: We aim to characterize I&E education in US allopathic medical schools to provide insight into the features and objectives of this growing field. DESIGN: I&E programs were identified in 2016 via structured searches of 158 US allopathic medical school websites...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776145/factors-associated-with-grade-appeals-a-survey-of-psychiatry-clerkship-directors
#9
Lia A Thomas, Nathaniel Milburn, Abigail Kay, Erica Hatch
PURPOSE: In an effort to provide medical students with opportunities for accurate grading, some psychiatry clerkship directors allow for grade appeals. The authors examined the appeals process from the clerkship directors' perspective. METHODS: A 23-item survey, consisting of multiple choice and narrative questions, was sent to allopathic and osteopathic accredited schools in North America. Questions included information about the medical school, the clerkship director, and the grade appeal processes...
August 3, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759099/effects-of-clinical-exposure-to-osteopathic-manipulative-medicine-on-confidence-levels-of-medical-students
#10
Lisa N Shapiro, Danielle Defoe, Min-Kyung Jung, To Shan Li, Sheldon C Yao
Context: Training in osteopathic manipulative medicine (OMM) is a unique component of the osteopathic medical school curriculum. Indicators of successful OMM programming include student comfort in explaining and performing OMM as well as confidence in using OMM on future patients. Research on the amount of clinical exposure sufficient to achieve this goal is limited. Objectives: To gauge the impact of clinical OMM exposure on medical students' self-assessed understanding of OMM, their ability to discuss, explain, and perform OMM, and their plan to use OMM in their future practice...
August 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759092/clinical-preceptors-perceptions-of-empathy-the-empathy-in-osteopathic-training-and-education-emote-study
#11
Glenn Elbert Davis, Walter Carl Hartwig, Adam J McTighe
Context: Physician empathy influences rapport with patients and improves outcomes, but it is not well understood as an outcome of osteopathic medical education. Objective: To determine how clerkship preceptors at Touro University College of Osteopathic Medicine-CA (TUCOM) in Vallejo define empathy and how they compare observed empathetic behavior of TUCOM students with that of other medical students. Methods: Cross-sectional data were obtained from a survey of TUCOM clinical preceptors comparing TUCOM students with other medical students on 10 behaviors...
August 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758579/perspectives-of-medieval-persian-medicine-on-multiple-sclerosis
#12
Mohammad Ali Sahraian, Mohsen Parviz, Behnam Sheibani, Nicoline Schiess, Zahra Ghorbanifar, Mohammad Kamalinejad, Esmail Nazem, Omid Sadeghpour, Hossein Rezaeizadeh
INTRODUCTION: Traditional Persian Medicine (TPM) was the prevailing practice of medicine in the Eurasia region up through the 18th century, a practice of medicine stemming back to Hippocrates and to the 5000 year old civilization of the region. It is a school of medicine which touches on many a delicate points which may seem unimaginable within the realm of modern allopathic medicine. This practice of ancient medicine besides shedding light on various possible theoretical modern day disorders serves as a vast resource for therapeutics...
July 28, 2017: Current Drug Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757927/a-randomized-clinical-trial-on-treatment-of-chronic-constipation-by-traditional-persian-medicine-recommendations-compared-to-allopathic-medicine-a-pilot-study
#13
Mohammad Reza Fattahi, Seyed Morteza Emami Alorizi, Majid Nimrouzi, Mohammad M Zarshenas, Mohammad Mahdi Parvizi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and side effects of lactulose plus traditional Persian medicine with only lactulose on the functional chronic constipation. METHODS: Participants included 20 patients (10 in each group) aged 18-80 years, with major inclusion criteria of ROME III. They were assigned into two parallel therapeutic groups, including the intervention group (lactulose plus traditional Persian medicine [TPM] advices) and control group (only lactulose) through a block randomization...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733563/prevalence-factors-influencing-and-knowledge-about-adherence-to-lipid-lowering-therapy-among-hyperlipidemia-patients
#14
N K Devaraj, M Mohamed, N Hussein
BACKGROUND: Hyperlipidaemia is a significant risk factor for cardiovascular disease. However, adherence to lipidlowering therapy is often unsatisfactory due to a combination of patient factors, therapy, socio-economic and health system-related factors. AIMS: to identify the prevalence of adherence to lipidlowering therapy, the factors contributing to non-adherence and knowledge regarding hyperlipidaemia and its' treatment among Malaysian patients with hyperlipidemia...
June 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725785/pathology-course-director-perspectives-of-a-recent-lcme-experience-preparation-in-an-integrated-curriculum-with-the-revised-standards
#15
Barbara E C Knollmann-Ritschel, Eric Suarez, William Gilliland, Richard Conran, Arnyce Pock
Preparation for a Liaison Committee of Medical Education (LCME) accreditation site visit is a daunting task for any medical school, particularly for medical schools that have adopted integrated curricula. The LCME accreditation is the standard that all US and Canadian allopathic medical schools must meet in order for the school to award the degree of medical doctor. The Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USU) recently underwent a full-scale LCME accreditation visit that was conducted under the newly revised LCME standards and elements...
January 2017: Acad Pathol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714544/otolaryngology-externships-and-the-match-productive-or-futile
#16
Carissa M Thomas, Cristina Cabrera-Muffly
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The objectives of this study were to summarize externship experiences among recent graduates and current residents in otolaryngology residency programs and determine whether externships affect the match process. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. METHODS: A survey was distributed to otolaryngology residents in allopathic US residency programs and otolaryngology graduates from the past 5 years (2011-2015). There were 2,141 surveys distributed...
July 17, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709018/adhd-research-in-india-a-narrative-review
#17
REVIEW
Pooja Patnaik Kuppili, Harshini Manohar, Raman Deep Pattanayak, Rajesh Sagar, Balaji Bharadwaj, Preeti Kandasamy
INTRODUCTION: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder with no clear etiopathogenesis. Owing to unique socio cultural milieu of India, it is worthwhile reviewing research on ADHD from India and comparing findings with global research. Thereby, we attempted to provide a comprehensive overview of research on ADHD from India. METHODS: A boolean search of articles published in English from September 1966 to January 2017 on electronic search engines Google Scholar, PubMed, IndMED, MedIND, using the search terms "ADHD", "Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder", "Hyperactivity" ,"Child psychiatry", "Hyperkinetic disorder", "Attention Deficit Disorder", "India"was carried out and peer - reviewed studies conducted among human subjects in India were included for review...
July 5, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683782/a-descriptive-study-of-self-medication-practices-among-sri-lankan-national-level-athletes
#18
A D A Fernando, L M H Bandara, H M S T Bandara, S Pilapitiya, A de Silva
BACKGROUND: Intake of medicines and supplements is widespread among the professional athletes in developed countries and there are reports to suggest inappropriate self-administration of medicine. Data from South Asia on this area is lacking. This study examined self-medication practices with regard to use of allopathic and herbal/traditional medicines among national -level Sri Lankan athletes. RESULTS: 209 athletes from 15 national sport teams were assessed using an anonymous, interviewer administered questionnaire...
July 6, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662558/integrating-point-of-care-ultrasonography-into-the-osteopathic-medical-school-curriculum
#19
Brian A Russ, Danika Evans, Daniel Morrad, Codee Champney, Ashley M Woodworth, Lane Thaut, Molly Thiessen
Point-of-care ultrasonography has been shown to have pervasive clinical and educational utility in medicine. The need to provide medical students with training in point-of-care ultrasonography has been recognized by an increasing number of osteopathic and allopathic medical schools. A 4-year integrated ultrasonography curriculum was implemented at Rocky Vista University College of Osteopathic Medicine in 2015. A review of the curriculum design, content, educational methods, and student feedback are described...
July 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657556/unmatched-u-s-allopathic-seniors-in-the-2015-main-residency-match-a-study-of-applicant-behavior-interview-selection-and-match-outcome
#20
Mei Liang, Laurie S Curtin, Mona M Signer, Maria C Savoia
PURPOSE: The application and interview behaviors of unmatched U.S. allopathic medical school senior students (U.S. seniors) participating in the 2015 National Resident Matching Program (NRMP) Main Residency Match were studied in conjunction with their United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step 1 scores and ranking preferences to understand their effects on Match outcome. METHOD: USMLE Step 1 score and preferred specialty information were reviewed for U...
July 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
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