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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780888/empathy-in-internal-medicine-residents-at-community-based-hospitals-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Jami Foreback, Halina Kusz, Brenda Lovegrove Lepisto, Barbara Pawlaczyk
Introduction: Many research reports revealed declining empathy in medical schools that continues in postgraduate years of training. Objective: The aim of this study is to examine the self-reported empathy levels of internal medicine (IM) residents in 3 community-based teaching hospitals. Methods: The Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy, Health Professionals version, is an online, self-administered, questionnaire that was offered to 129 current and incoming residents at 1 osteopathic and 2 allopathic, IM training programs in Flint, Michigan...
January 2018: Journal of Medical Education and Curricular Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760577/perceptions-of-acute-malnutrition-and-its-management-in-infants-under-6-months-of-age-a-qualitative-study-in-rural-bangladesh
#2
Yasir Arafat, M Munirul Islam, Nicki Connell, Golam Mothabbir, Marie McGrath, James A Berkley, Tahmeed Ahmed, Marko Kerac
Background: World Health Organization guidelines advise community-based care (CBC) for "uncomplicated" severe acute malnutrition (SAM) infants <6 months old (u6m), whereas current national protocols refer to inpatient care. Our aim was to inform and shape future management strategies by understanding caregivers' and different stakeholders' perceptions on malnutrition among infants u6m on barriers/facilitators to future CBC. Methods: The methods used in this study are as follows: in-depth interviews and focus group discussions (FGDs) in southern Bangladesh, thematic analysis of transcripts, and sample size by data saturation...
2018: Clinical Medicine Insights. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743980/long-term-resveratrol-supplementation-as-a-secondary-prophylaxis-for-stroke
#3
Katalin Fodor, Delia Mirela Tit, Bianca Pasca, Cristiana Bustea, Diana Uivarosan, Laura Endres, Ciprian Iovan, Mohamed M Abdel-Daim, Simona Bungau
Stroke is a leading cause of mortality worldwide, as well as a source of long-term disabilities and huge socioeconomic costs. This study investigates the effects of resveratrol, an antioxidant supplement, on blood pressure, weight status, glucose, and lipid profile in patients who had a stroke in the last 12 months. Two hundred and twenty-eight patients were divided into three groups: group I received only allopathic treatment (control group), while groups II and III received allopathic treatment with a daily supplementation of oral resveratrol (100 and 200 mg, resp...
2018: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717635/sexual-and-gender-minority-health-in-medical-curricula-in-new-england-a-pilot-study-of-medical-student-comfort-competence-and-perception-of-curricula
#4
Nicole Sitkin Zelin, Charlotte Hastings, Brendin R Beaulieu-Jones, Caroline Scott, Ana Rodriguez-Villa, Cassandra Duarte, Christopher Calahan, Alexander J Adami
BACKGROUND: Sexual and gender minority (SGM) individuals experience high rates of harassment and discrimination when seeking healthcare, which contributes to substantial healthcare disparities. Improving physician training about gender identity, sexual orientation, and the healthcare needs of SGM patients has been identified as a critical strategy for mitigating these disparities. In 2014, the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) published medical education competencies to guide undergraduate medical education on SGM topics...
December 2018: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710355/women-in-osteopathic-and-allopathic-medical-schools-an-analysis-of-applicants-matriculants-enrollment-and-chief-academic-officers
#5
Maureen E Basha, Laurie J Bauer, Malcolm C Modrzakowski, Helen H Baker
In the 1993-1994 academic year, female enrollment was 34.7% in osteopathic medical schools and 40.2% in allopathic medical schools. To assess progress in female enrollment since that time, the authors examined admission data in the ensuing years, including female applicants, matriculants, and first-year students in osteopathic and allopathic medical schools, as well as female chief academic officers at these institutions. In the 2004-2005 academic year, 50.3% of first-year students in osteopathic medical schools were women; however, by the 2013-2014 academic year, that figure dropped to 44...
May 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710354/faculty-vitality-in-osteopathic-medical-schools-a-pilot-study
#6
Adrienne Z Ables, Liang Shan, India L Broyles
Context: Faculty vitality is defined as the synergy between high levels of satisfaction, productivity, and engagement that enables faculty members to maximize their professional success and achieve goals in concert with institutional goals. Many studies have examined faculty development efforts with regard to satisfaction, retention, or vitality, but, to the authors' knowledge, they have all been conducted in allopathic medical schools and academic health centers. Objective: To examine faculty vitality in osteopathic medical schools and address contributors to productivity, engagement, and career satisfaction...
May 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707970/orthopaedic-in-training-examination-resources-and-residency-training-for-the-foot-and-ankle-domain
#7
Cory F Janney, Daniel Kunzler, Pejma Shazadeh Safavi, Vinod Panchbhavi
BACKGROUND: Residency programs use the annual Orthopaedic In-Training Examination (OITE) prepared by the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) to monitor resident progress and prepare them for the part 1 of the American Board of Orthopaedic Surgeons (ABOS) Certifying Examination. The purpose of this study was to determine resources residents currently use to prepare for the OITE and also to learn about their perception of training they receive in the foot and ankle subspecialty in their program and their interest in foot and ankle fellowship after residency...
April 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696521/herbal-medicine-in-ischemic-stroke-challenges-and-prospective
#8
Bhakta Prasad Gaire
Herbal medicines, mainly of plant source, are invaluable source for the discovery of new therapeutic agents for all sorts of human ailments. The complex pathogenesis of stroke and multifactorial effect of herbal medicine and their active constituents may suggest the promising future of natural medicine for stroke treatment. Anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-apoptotic, neuroprotective and vascular protective effect of herbal medicines are believed to be efficacious in stroke treatment. Herbs typically have fewer reported side effects than allopathic medicine, and may be safer to use over longer period of time...
April 2018: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696101/curriculum-design-and-implementation-of-the-emergency-medicine-chief-resident-incubator
#9
Michael A Gisondi, Adaira Chou, Nikita Joshi, Margaret K Sheehy, Fareen Zaver, Teresa M Chan, Jeffrey Riddell, Derek P Sifford, Michelle Lin
Background Chief residents receive minimal formal training in preparation for their administrative responsibilities. There is a lack of professional development programs specifically designed for chief residents. Objective In 2015, Academic Life in Emergency Medicine designed and implemented an annual, year-long, training program and virtual community of practice for chief residents in emergency medicine (EM). This study describes the curriculum design process and reports measures of learner engagement during the first two cycles of the curriculum...
February 24, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686752/role-models-influence-on-specialty-choice-for-residency-training-a-national-longitudinal-study
#10
John D Yoon, Sandra A Ham, Shalini T Reddy, Farr A Curlin
Background : Role models in medical school may influence students' residency specialty choice. Objective : We examined whether medical students who reported clinical exposure to a role model during medical school would have an increased likelihood of selecting the role model's specialty for their residencies. Methods : We conducted a 5-year prospective, national longitudinal study (2011-2016) of medical students from 24 US allopathic medical schools, starting from the middle of their third year...
April 2018: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678030/medical-system-choice-information-that-affects-the-selection-of-healthcare-provider-in-australia
#11
Tony Sahama, Andrew Stranieri, Kerryn Butler-Henderson, Isaac Golden
Many complementary and alternative medical practices (CAM) are readily assessable in Australia alongside Allopathic practitioners. Although CAM practices are prevalent, little is known about how patients seek and use information when deciding which system to consult. We report some preliminary findings of a longitudinal study, designed to solicit factors that influence the Australian public when selecting from diverse medical systems. Fifty-four general public participants, willing to provide their confidential and anonymous opinion were included...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651676/essence-of-shen-kidney-controlling-bones-conceptual-analysis-based-on-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-osteo-related-cells-axis
#12
Tao-Tao Xu, Hong-Ting Jin, Pei-Jian Tong
As a traditional concept of Chinese medicine (CM), the theory of "Shen (Kidney) controlling bones" has been gradually proven. And in modern allopathic medicine, the multiple mechanisms of bone growth, development and regeneration align with the theory. Shen defifi ciency as a pathological condition has a negative effect on the skeleton of body, specififi cally the disorder of bone homeostasis. Present studies indicate that Shen defifi ciency shares a common disorder characterized by dysfunction of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis...
April 12, 2018: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620703/a-multicenter-collaboration-for-simulation-based-assessment-of-acgme-milestones-in-emergency-medicine
#13
David H Salzman, Hannah Watts, Kelly Williamson, Michelle Sergel, Valerie Dobiesz, Noah DeGarmo, Samreen Vora, Louis J Sharp, Ernest E Wang, Michael A Gisondi
In 2014, the six allopathic emergency medicine (EM) residency programs in Chicago established an annual, citywide, simulation-based assessment of all postgraduate year 2 EM residents. The cases and corresponding assessment tools were designed by the simulation directors from each of the participating sites. All assessment tools include critical actions that map directly to numerous EM milestones in 11 different subcompetencies. The 2-hour assessments provide opportunities for residents to lead resuscitations of critically ill patients and demonstrate procedural skills, using mannequins and task trainers respectively...
April 3, 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619352/complementary-and-alternative-medicines-and-patients-with-breast-cancer-a-case-of-mortality-and-systematic-review-of-patterns-of-use-in-patients-with-breast-cancer
#14
REVIEW
Grayson A Roumeliotis, Genevieve Dostaler, Kirsty U Boyd
Background: The use of complementary and alternative medicines (CAMs) is common among women being treated for breast cancer. A recent mortality associated with CAM at our center precipitated a systematic review of the Cochrane, EMBASE, and PubMed databases to identify English manuscripts including "CAM" and "breast cancer." Methods: Papers included for review were selected based on predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria. The primary outcome was the use of CAM by women with breast cancer...
November 2017: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609580/prevalence-of-and-factors-associated-with-utilization-of-herbal-medicines-among-outpatients-in-primary-health-centers-in-cambodia
#15
Hattie Pearson, Tyler Fleming, Pheak Chhoun, Sovannary Tuot, Carinne Brody, Siyan Yi
BACKGROUND: Traditional, complementary and alternative medicine (TCAM) is seen as a way to provide healthcare in both developed and developing countries across the world. In Cambodia, there is a long tradition of using TCAM. However, scant studies have been conducted on the extent of Cambodian TCAM use and how it interacts with allopathic health care to date. In this study, we examined the prevalence of and factors associated with utilization of herbal medicines among patients with chronic diseases in primary health care settings in Cambodia...
April 2, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590447/staying-power-does-the-uniformed-services-university-continue-to-meet-its-obligation-to-the-nation-s-health-care-needs
#16
Ronald M Cervero, Dario Torre, Steven J Durning, Deanna Schreiber-Gregory, Brian V Reamy, Louis N Pangaro, John R Boulet
Introduction: The Uniformed Services University F. Edward Hebert School of Medicine just passed its 45th anniversary, opening in 1972. A goal of the medical school, like those nationally, is the production of high-quality physicians. The purpose of this study is to describe the practice characteristics of our USU graduates and to compare data with the national cohort of U.S. MD graduates. Materials and Methods: To accomplish this, we performed a retrospective analysis of U...
March 26, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582060/resident-and-faculty-attitudes-toward-osteopathic-focused-education
#17
Laura K Hempstead, Beth Rosemergey, Steven Foote, Kelly Swade, Karen B Williams
Context: The transition period for the single accreditation system for graduate medical education under the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) began on July 1, 2015, and will end June 30, 2020. As of February 5, 2018, 82.6% of residency programs accredited by the American Osteopathic Association (AOA) have applied for or achieved ACGME accreditation and 160 programs have applied for or achieved osteopathic recognition. Objective: To assess baseline attitudes of osteopathic and allopathic faculty and residents in AOA-accredited and dually accredited residency programs regarding the value of osteopathic-focused educational curricula and mentors...
April 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582057/factors-associated-with-osteopathic-primary-care-residency-choice-decisions
#18
Godwin Y Dogbey, Karen Collins, Ronald Russ, Grace D Brannan, Matt Mivsek, Sarah Sewell
Context: The osteopathic medical profession traditionally emphasized the education of primary care physicians. A common thread for both osteopathic and allopathic residency matches, however, has been an increase in the interest in specialties outside of primary care. Objective: To determine whether there are critical points in medical school associated with residency selection decision-making, what factors affect residency selection decisions, and whether any identifiable shifts or trends exist...
April 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581460/loss-of-stemness-emt-and-supernumerary-tooth-formation-in-cebpb-runx2-murine-incisors
#19
Kazuyuki Saito, Katsu Takahashi, Boyen Huang, Masakazu Asahara, Honoka Kiso, Yumiko Togo, Hiroko Tsukamoto, Sayaka Mishima, Masaki Nagata, Machiko Iida, Yoshihito Tokita, Masato Asai, Akira Shimizu, Toshihisa Komori, Hidemitsu Harada, Mary MacDougall, Manabu Sugai, Kazuhisa Bessho
Adult Cebpb KO mice incisors present amelogenin-positive epithelium pearls, enamel and dentin allopathic hyperplasia, fewer Sox2-positive cells in labial cervical loop epitheliums, and reduced Sox2 expression in enamel epithelial stem cells. Thus, Cebpb acts upstream of Sox2 to regulate stemness. In this study, Cebpb KO mice demonstrated cementum-like hard tissue in dental pulp, loss of polarity by ameloblasts, enamel matrix in ameloblastic layer, and increased expression of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers in a Cebpb knockdown mouse enamel epithelial stem cell line...
March 26, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571278/localizing-global-medicine-challenges-and-opportunities-in-cervical-screening-in-an-indigenous-community-in-ecuador
#20
Peter Nugus, Julie Désalliers, Juana Morales, Lisa Graves, Andrea Evans, Ann C Macaulay
This participatory research study examines the tensions and opportunities in accessing allopathic medicine, or biomedicine, in the context of a cervical cancer screening program in a rural indigenous community of Northern Ecuador. Focusing on the influence of social networks, the article extends research on "re-appropriation" of biomedicine. It does so by recognizing two competing tensions expressed through social interactions: suspicion of allopathic medicine and the desire to maximize one's health...
April 2018: Qualitative Health Research
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