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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316948/traditional-uses-of-medicinal-plants-practiced-by-the-indigenous-communities-at-mohmand-agency-fata-pakistan
#1
Muhammad Abdul Aziz, Muhammad Adnan, Amir Hasan Khan, Abdelaaty Abdelaziz Shahat, Mansour S Al-Said, Riaz Ullah
BACKGROUND: Plant-derived products have an imperative biological role against certain pathogenic organisms and were considered to be a major source of modern drugs. Rural people residing in developing countries are relying on traditional herbal medical system due to their strong believe and minimum access to allopathic medicines. Hence, ethnomedicinal knowledge is useful for the maintenance of community's based approaches under this medical system. Present study was carried out in an unexplored remote tribal area of Pakistan to investigate and document the existing ethnomedicinal knowledge on local flora...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302532/does-being-under-treatment-improve-knowledge-attitude-practice-for-hypertension-a-hospital-based-study-from-north-india
#2
Rajiv Kumar Gupta, Shahid Hussain, Zahida Parveen, Sunil Kumar Raina, Bhavna Langer, Rashmi Kumari
Background: Studies suggest that approximately half of patients with raised blood pressure (BP) are undetected, that half of those detected are not treated, and that half of those treated are not controlled, famously described as the "rule of halves." Importantly, the cornerstone of the primary prevention of cardiovascular diseases is early detection and drug treatment (antihypertensive) of patients with high BP. Studies across populations in developed world have shown that awareness and management of high BP levels are far from optimal...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290893/ultrasound-curriculum-taught-by-first-year-medical-students-a-four-year-experience-in-tanzania
#3
Sean P Denny, William B Minteer, Reece T H Fenning, Sahil Aggarwal, Debora H Lee, Shella K Raja, Kaavya R Raman, Allison O Farfel, Priya A Patel, MarkLieber, Megan E Bernstein, Shadi Lahham, John C Fox
BACKGROUND: Diagnostic imaging is an integral aspect of care that is often insufficient, if not altogether absent, in rural and remote regions of low to middle income countries (LMICs) such as Tanzania. The introduction of ultrasound can significantly impact treatment in these countries due to its portability, low cost, safety, and usefulness in various medical assessments. This study reviews the implementation of a four-week ultrasound course administered annually from 2013-2016 in a healthcare professional school in Mwanza, Tanzania by first-year allopathic US medical students...
2018: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261705/mixed-methods-inquiry-into-traditional-healers-treatment-of-mental-neurological-and-substance-abuse-disorders-in-rural-south-africa
#4
Carolyn M Audet, Sizzy Ngobeni, Erin Graves, Ryan G Wagner
BACKGROUND: Traditional healers are acceptable and highly accessible health practitioners throughout sub-Saharan Africa. Patients in South Africa often seek concurrent traditional and allopathic treatment leading to medical pluralism. METHODS & FINDINGS: We studied the cause of five traditional illnesses known locally as "Mavabyi ya nhloko" (sickness of the head), by conducting 27 in-depth interviews and 133 surveys with a randomly selected sample of traditional healers living and working in rural, northeastern South Africa...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258191/patient-safety-in-complementary-medicine-through-the-application-of-clinical-risk-management-in-the-public-health-system
#5
Elio G Rossi, Tommaso Bellandi, Marco Picchi, Sonia Baccetti, Maria Valeria Monechi, Catia Vuono, Federica Sabatini, Antonella Traversi, Mariella Di Stefano, Fabio Firenzuoli, Sara Albolino, Riccardo Tartaglia
Aim: To develop a systematic approach to detect and prevent clinical risks in complementary medicine (CM) and increase patient safety through the analysis of activities in homeopathy and acupuncture centres in the Tuscan region using a significant event audit (SEA) and failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA). Methods: SEA is the selected tool for studying adverse events (AE) and detecting the best solutions to prevent future incidents in our Regional Healthcare Service (RHS). This requires the active participation of all the actors and external experts to validate the analysis...
December 16, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249480/emergence-of-drug-resistance-in-patients-with-tuberculosis-cared-for-by-the-indian-health-care-system-a-dynamic-modelling-study
#6
Stephanie Law, Amy S Piatek, Cheri Vincent, Olivia Oxlade, Dick Menzies
BACKGROUND: India has the highest number of patients with tuberculosis and multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in the world. We used a transmission model to project the emergence of drug resistance in India due to incorrect tuberculosis management practices in multiple sectors, including public and private providers, chemists, and non-allopathic practitioners. METHODS: We constructed a dynamic Markov model to represent India's tuberculosis epidemic, including a probabilistic framework reflecting complex treatment-seeking pathways...
January 2017: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239871/integrative-medicine-as-an-adjunct-to-orthopaedic-surgery
#7
James R Ficke, Nathan M Moroski, Steven D Ross, Ranjan Gupta
Patients often seek nontraditional forms of treatment, including alternative/complementary medical options, such as chiropractic care and acupuncture, to meet their personal needs. In the United States, interest has grown in methods to reduce pain and improve function through Ayurvedic medicine, which uses plant-based supplements, such as turmeric. Traditional allopathic medicine attempts to provide patients with evidence-based therapeutic regimens for their musculoskeletal conditions. Integrative medicine often is used to prevent and manage the sequelae associated with injuries and illnesses; however, competitive athletes and military personnel use complementary medicine for performance enhancement...
January 15, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190400/interest-in-family-medicine-among-us-medical-students-and-its-association-with-a-community-college-academic-pathway-efrain
#8
Efrain Talamantes, Ann M Hernandez, Roberto Gonzalez, Karla Gonzalez, Jesus Ulloa, Patrick T Dowling, Allison Estrada, Gerardo Moreno
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: One-third of all medical students attend a community college (CC) on their path to medical school. The objective of this study was to examine the association between CC participation and initial specialty of interest among US allopathic medical students. METHODS: We performed a national cross-sectional study of allopathic medical students who completed the 2012 Association of American Medical Colleges' Matriculating Student Questionnaire...
November 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180247/fewer-seniors-from-united-states-allopathic-medical-schools-are-filling-pathology-residency-positions-in-the-main-residency-match-2008-2017
#9
Ryan Philip Jajosky, Audrey N Jajosky, Daniel T Kleven, Gurmukh Singh
Some pathologists have observed that fewer American medical school trainees are entering pathology residency. This trend was measured and further explored using Main Residency Match (MRM) data from 2008 to 2017, obtained from the National Resident Matching Program (NRMP). Over the past decade, the proportion of pathology residency positions filled in the MRM which were taken by American medical school trainees decreased from 77.7% to 50.1%. This was primarily due to fewer seniors from United States (US) allopathic medical schools filling pathology positions in the MRM (298 in 2008 vs 216 in 2017, a 27...
November 24, 2017: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178370/use-and-perceptions-of-plastination-among-medical-anatomy-educators-in-the-united-states
#10
Rachel M Klaus, Danielle F Royer, Maureen E Stabio
Traditionally, medical schools have maintained collections of tissues/organs to engage students in anatomy. Such collections are often stored in volatile and toxic preservatives. Plastination is an alternative tissue preservation technique in which polymers replace water and lipids resulting in benign, dry, and anatomically authentic specimens. Plastination is used in medical education internationally; however, its use within U.S. medical schools is not widely discussed in the anatomical literature. This study aimed to determine the knowledge, use, and perceptions of plastination as a teaching tool among U...
November 27, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175802/review-ethnomedicinal-phytochemical-and-antibacterial-activities-of-medicinal-flora-of-pakistan-used-against-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-a-review
#11
Roqaia Bibi, Akash Tariq, Sakina Mussarat, Shahid Niaz Khan, Hazir Rahman, Elsayed Fathi Abd Allah, Riaz Ullah, Muhammad Adnan
Medicinal plants have been used from ancient time against different infectious diseases caused by microorganisms across the globe. The present review represents different medicinal plants of Pakistan used traditionally for the treatment of variety of ailments caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa, their in-vitro activities against P. aeruginosa and phytochemistry. These plants were extracted with different solvents that showed good in-vitro activities against P. aeruginosa, due to the presence of active phytoconstituents including alkaloids, terpenoids etc...
November 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150304/are-the-estrogenic-hormonal-effects-of-environmental-toxins-affecting-small-intestinal-bacterial-and-microfilaria-overgrowth
#12
Edward Lichten
The important role of microfilaria (worms) in human and animal disease remains an area of key disagreement between the naturopathic and allopathic physicians. While microfilaria infections are rampart in undeveloped countries, they rarely rise to identification as a cause of disease in Western countries. New research studies in the diagnosis and treatment of SIBO (Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth) and (IBD) Inflammatory Bowel Diseases of ulcerative colitis, Crohn's Disease and microcytic colitis may make both sides equally correct...
November 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140492/integrating-traditional-and-allopathic-medicine-an-opportunity-to-improve-global-health-in-cancer
#13
Edward L Trimble, Preetha Rajaraman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122501/psychoneuroimmunological-approach-to-gastrointestinal-related-pain
#14
REVIEW
Karlo Toljan, Bruce Vrooman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE (AIMS): Psychoneuroimmunology is both a theoretical and practical field of medicine in which human biology and psychology are considered an interconnected unity. Through such a framework it is possible to elucidate complex syndromes in gastrointestinal related pain, particularly chronic non-malignant. The aim is to provide insight into pathophysiological mechanisms and suggest treatment modalities according to a comprehensive paradigm. The article also presents novel findings that may guide clinicians to recognize new targets or scientists to find new research topics...
November 6, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110864/pulmonary-tuberculosis-in-patna-india-durations-delays-and-health-care-seeking-behaviour-among-patients-identified-through-household-surveys
#15
Nerges Mistry, Eunice Lobo, Shimoni Shah, Sheela Rangan, Yatin Dholakia
BACKGROUND: Delays in accessing effective health care plays a pivotal role in increasing Tuberculosis (TB) transmission within the community. Patna, North India, with high levels of poverty and weak public health system, faces huge challenges for achieving effective TB control. The study aims to determine delays that occur from onset of TB symptoms until initiation of pulmonary TB (PTB) treatment among patients in Patna. METHODS: Of the 109 self-reporting TB patients identified through an active household survey, 64 PTB patients were interviewed...
December 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110114/medical-humanities-teaching-in-north-american-allopathic-and-osteopathic-medical-schools
#16
Craig M Klugman
Although the AAMC requires annual reporting of medical humanities teaching, most literature is based on single-school case reports and studies using information reported on schools' websites. This study sought to discover what medical humanities is offered in North American allopathic and osteopathic undergraduate medical schools. An 18-question, semi-structured survey was distributed to all 146 (as of June 2016) member schools of the American Association of Medical Colleges and the American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108023/health-seeking-behavior-following-snakebites-in-sri-lanka-results-of-an-island-wide-community-based-survey
#17
Dileepa Senajith Ediriweera, Anuradhani Kasturiratne, Arunasalam Pathmeswaran, Nipul Kithsiri Gunawardena, Shaluka Francis Jayamanne, David Griffith Lalloo, Hithanadura Janaka de Silva
INTRODUCTION: Sri Lanka has a population of 21 million and about 80,000 snakebites occur annually. However, there are limited data on health seeking behavior following bites. We investigated the effects of snakebite and envenoming on health seeking behavior in Sri Lanka. METHODS: In a community-based island-wide survey conducted in Sri Lanka 44,136 households were sampled using a multistage cluster sampling method. An individual who reported experiencing a snakebite within the preceding 12 months was considered a case...
November 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105635/clinical-efficacy-of-unani-medicine-renax-for-treatment-of-urolithiasis
#18
Mushtaq Ahmad, Ghazala Shaheen, Saeed Ahmad, Muhammad Akram, Syed Muhammad Ali Shah, Shahbaz Ahmad Zakki
Stone formation occurs most commonly in acute and chronic renal failure. A kidney stone is a solid lump made up of crystals that separate from the urine and build up on the inner surfaces of the kidney. The current study was conducted to investigate the clinical efficacy of Unani medicine Renax in comparison with allopathic medicine (Spironolactone + Furosemide) to treat urolithiasis. The study was conducted in District Dera Ghazi Khan, South Punjab region. This was case control, randomized, double blind clinical study...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097048/comparison-of-self-reported-data-on-student-doctor-network-to-objective-data%C3%A2-of-the-national-resident-matching-program
#19
Karna Sura, Lynn D Wilson, Inga S Grills
PURPOSE: To compare matching outcomes between self-reporting on Student Doctor Network (SDN) and objective data from the National Resident Matching Program (NRMP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were collected from SDN starting in the 2010 to 2011 academic year and extending to the 2015 to 2016 academic year. A total of 193 radiation oncology applicants had reported data during the period. A total of four applicants (2.1%) did not match and were excluded from the analysis...
October 30, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071804/contributions-of-academic-emergency-medicine-programs-to-u-s-health-care-summary-of-the-aaaem-aacem-benchmarking-data
#20
Martin A Reznek, James J Scheulen, Cathi A Harbertson, Kevin A Kotkowski, Gabor D Kelen, Gregory A Volturo
OBJECTIVES: The societal contribution of emergency care in the United States has been described. The role and impact of academic emergency departments (EDs) has been less clear. Our report summarizes the results of a benchmarking effort specifically focused on academic emergency medicine (EM) practices. METHODS: From October through December 2016, the Academy of Academic Administrators of Emergency Medicine (AAAEM) and the Association of Academic Chairs of Emergency Medicine (AACEM) jointly administered a benchmarking survey to allopathic, academic departments and divisions of emergency medicine...
October 26, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
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