keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

epidemiology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735431/a-systematic-review-of-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-in-male-and-paediatric-populations
#1
Simrun Virdee, James Greenan-Barrett, Coziana Ciurtin
Primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) is a chronic multisystem autoimmune rheumatic disease characterised by female predominance. Although the disease is rare in the male and paediatric populations, it has been suggested that it may have a different disease phenotype, which has not been investigated before using a systematic approach. A systematic literature search of PubMed databases (updated to December 2016) was performed to identify all published data on the epidemiological, clinical and laboratory manifestations of pSS in the male and paediatric populations...
July 22, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735327/genotyping-and-clinicoepidemiological-characterization-of-rotavirus-acute-gastroenteritis-in-egyptian-children
#2
Niveen Saudy, Walaa Othman Elshabrawy, Ahmed Megahed, Mona F Foad, Aly F Mohamed
Group A rotavirus (RVA) acute gastroenteritis (AGE) is a common cause of severe childhood diarrhea. The dominant circulating RVA genotypes in a given region may vary between and within the geographic regions and from year to year. Our cross-sectional study was designed to determine the burden of RVA genotypes among children with AGE admitted to referral Children Hospital at Egypt prior to implementation of the vaccine. Stool samples with clinico-epidemiological data were collected from 92 children ≤ 3 years-old with AGE...
January 2, 2017: Polish Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735318/trends-of-bloodstream-infections-in-a-university-greek-hospital-during-a-three-year-period-incidence-of-multidrug-resistant-bacteria-and-seasonality-in-gram-negative-predominance
#3
Fevronia Kolonitsiou, Matthaios Papadimitriou-Olivgeris, Anastasia Spiliopoulou, Vasiliki Stamouli, Vasileios Papakostas, Eleni Apostolopoulou, Christos Panagiotopoulos, Markos Marangos, Evangelos D Anastassiou, Myrto Christofidou, Iris Spiliopoulou
The aim of the study was to assess the epidemiology, the incidence of multidrug-resistant bacteria and bloodstream infections' (BSIs) seasonality in a university hospital. This retrospective study was carried out in the University General Hospital of Patras, Greece, during 2011-13 y. Blood cultures from patients with clinical presentation suggestive of bloodstream infection were performed by the BacT/ALERT System. Isolates were identified by Vitek 2 Advanced Expert System. Antibiotic susceptibility testing was performed by the disk diffusion method and E-test...
July 6, 2017: Polish Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735311/erythromycin-or-clindamycin-is-it-still-an-empirical-therapy-against-streptococcus-agalactiae-in-patients-allergic-to-penicillin
#4
Piotr Leszczyński, Beata Sokół-Leszczyńska, Bronisława Pietrzak, Anna Sawicka-Grzelak, Mirosław Wielgoś
Retrospective analysis of Streptococcus agalactiae antibiotic susceptibility isolated in 2010-2013 was performed. Penicillin was still the first-line antibiotic. Due to the high percentage of strains resistant to erythromycin and clindamycin empirical treatment with these antibiotics may not be effective. Lower resistance rate to erythromycin and clindamycin among strains isolated from infected pregnant women and newborns were observed than among strains isolated from samples from patients hospitalized in other departments (29% and 47% v...
July 6, 2017: Polish Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735257/prognostic-factors-of-overall-survival-and-cancer-specific-survival-in-patients-with-resected-early-stage-rectal-adenocarcinoma-a-seer-based-study
#5
Ko-Chao Lee, Kuan-Chih Chung, Hong-Hwa Chen, Chia-Cheng Liu, Chien-Chang Lu
The benefits of radiotherapy for colorectal cancer are well documented, but the impact of adjuvant radiotherapy on early-stage rectal adenocarcinoma remains unclear. This study aimed to identify predictors of overall survival (OS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS) in patients with stage II rectal adenocarcinoma treated with preoperative or postoperative radiation therapy. Patients with early-stage rectal adenocarcinoma in the postoperative state were identified using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735230/granulometry-microbial-composition-and-biological-activity-of-dusts-collected-in-french-dairy-farms
#6
Hugo Pfister, Claudie Morzadec, Pierre Le Cann, Laurent Madec, Valérie Lecureur, Martine Chouvet, Stéphane Jouneau, Laurent Vernhet
BACKGROUND: Dairy working increases the prevalence of lower airway respiratory diseases, especially COPD and asthma. Epidemiological studies have reported that chronic inhalation of organic dusts released during specific daily tasks could represent a major risk factor for development of these pathologies in dairy workers. Knowledge on size, nature and biological activity of such organic dusts remain however limited. OBJECTIVE: To compare size distribution, microbial composition and cellular effects of dusts liberated by the spreading of straw bedding in five French dairy farms located in Brittany...
July 20, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735077/opioid-medication-misuse-among-unhealthy-drinkers
#7
Gerald Cochran, Rebecca McCarthy, Adam J Gordon, Ralph E Tarter
BACKGROUND: Combining opioid medications and alcohol has serious implications for patient health, including overdose. Information regarding those who use/misuse opioid medications and engage in unhealthy alcohol use is limited to pharmacological and epidemiological descriptions. This study presents opioid medication misuse and behavioral, mental, and physical health characteristics of persons filling opioid medications that are engaged in unhealthy alcohol use. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey at 5 community pharmacies in Southwestern, Pennsylvania among patients filling opioid medications...
July 14, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735052/spa-typing-and-identification-of-pvl-genes-of-meticillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-isolated-from-a-libyan-hospital-in-tripoli
#8
Mohamed O Ahmed, Keith E Baptiste, Mohamed A Daw, Asma K Elramalli, Yousef M Abouzeeda, Andreas Petersen
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to investigate the molecular characteristics of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolated from clinical sources in Tripoli, Libya. METHODS: A total of 95 MRSA strains collected at the Tripoli medical Centre were investigated by spa typing and identification of the Panton-Valentine Leukocidin (pvl) genes. RESULTS: A total of 26 spa types were characterized and distributed among nine clonal complexes; CC5 (n=32), CC80 (n=18), CC8 (n=17) and CC22 (n=12) were the most prevalent clonal complexes...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735048/emergence-of-different-acinetobacter-baumannii-clones-in-a-croatian-hospital-and-correlation-with-antibiotic-susceptibility
#9
Ranko Ladavac, Branka Bedenić, Mirna Vranić-Ladavac, Nada Barišić, Natalie Karčić, Karoline Pompe, Antun Ferenčić, Aleksandar Stojanović, Harald Seifert, Stjepan Katić, Paul G Higgins
OBJECTIVES: During routine diagnostic laboratory work, the clinical microbiologist observed an increase of Acinetobacter baumannii isolates with three different carbapenem susceptibility patterns: susceptible, intermediate and resistant. Isolates belonging to the same carbapenem susceptibility phenotype exhibited identical susceptibility/resistance patterns to non-β-lactam antibiotics. This prompted us to analyze the mechanisms of carbapenem-resistance and the molecular epidemiology of the isolates...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734894/glce-rs3865014-val597ile-polymorphism-is-associated-with-breast-cancer-susceptibility-and-triple-negative-breast-cancer-in-siberian-population
#10
Valentina A Belyavskaya, Tatiana Y Prudnikova, Natalya V Domanitskaya, Nikolay V Litviakov, Vladimir N Maksimov, Nadezhda V Cherdyntseva, Elvira V Grigorieva
d-Glucuronyl C5-epimerase (GLCE) is one of key enzymes in heparan sulfate biosynthesis and possesses tumour-suppressor function in breast carcinogenesis. Here, we investigated a potential involvement of GLCE polymorphism(s) in breast cancer development in Siberian women population. Comprehensive analysis of SNP databases revealed GLCE rs3865014 (Val597Ile) missense polymorphism as the main significantly present in human populations. According the TaqMan-based SNP assay, allele distributions for the rs3865014 (A>G) were similar in healthy Siberian women (n=136) and cancer patients (n=129) (A0,73:G0,27) and intermediate between the European and Asian populations, while genotype distributions were different, with the increase of AG rate in breast cancer patients (OR=1...
July 19, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734813/incidence-and-types-of-pediatric-nystagmus
#11
David L Nash, Nancy N Diehl, Brian G Mohney
PURPOSE: To report the incidence, prevalent subtypes and clinical characteristics of pediatric nystagmus diagnosed over a 30-year period. DESIGN: Retrospective, population-based study METHODS: Using the Rochester Epidemiology Project, the medical records of all children (<19 years) diagnosed as residents in Olmsted County, Minnesota with any form of nystagmus from January 1, 1976, through December 31, 2005, were reviewed. RESULTS: Seventy-one children were diagnosed during the 30-year period, yielding an annual incidence of 6...
July 19, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734773/epico-4-0-total-quality-in-the-management-of-invasive-candidiasis-in-critically-ill-patients-by-analysing-the-integrated-process
#12
Rafael Zaragoza, Ricard Ferrer, Pedro Llinares, Emilio Maseda, Alejandro Rodríguez, Santiago Grau, Guillermo Quindós
BACKGROUND: A high quality integrated process in the clinical setting of non-neutropenic critically ill patients at risk for invasive candidiasis is a necessary tool to improve the management of these patients. AIMS: To identify the key points on invasive candidiasis in order to develop a set of recommendations with a high level of consensus required for the creation of a total quality integrated process for the management of non-neutropenic critically ill patients at risk of invasive candidiasis...
July 19, 2017: Revista Iberoamericana de Micología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734770/when-did-old-age-stop-being-depressing-depression-trajectories-of-older-americans-and-britons-2002-2012
#13
Gindo Tampubolon, Asri Maharani
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the implications of the heterogeneous cohort composition on depression trajectories of older adults in the United States and England. METHODS: Using growth curve models to identify depressive symptom trajectories and data spanning six waves over 10 years (2002-2012) from the U.S. Health Retirement Study and the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing, community-dwelling Americans and Britons aged 50 years and older were studied...
June 8, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734713/epidemiological-and-molecular-characteristics-of-chlamydia-psittaci-from-8-human-cases-of-psittacosis-and-4-related-birds-in-argentina
#14
María E Cadario, María C Frutos, Maite B Arias, Javier A Origlia, Vanina Zelaya, María J Madariaga, Claudia S Lara, Viviana Ré, Cecilia G Cuffini
In Argentina, the epidemiological and molecular characteristics of Chlamydia psittaci infections are still not sufficiently known. A total of 846 respiratory and 10 ocular samples from patients with suspected human psittacosis were tested for C. psittaci from January 2010 to March 2015. Four samples of birds related to these patients were also studied. Forty-eight samples were positive for C. psittaci by a nested PCR. The molecular characterization of twelve C. psittaci PCR-positive samples received in the National Reference Laboratory INEI-ANLIS "Dr...
July 19, 2017: Revista Argentina de Microbiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734712/-candidemia-in-pediatrics-species-distribution-and-antifungal-susceptibility
#15
Luciana B Guzzetti, Cecilia M Vescina, M Florencia Gil, Blanca M Gatti
Serious infections caused by Candida yeasts are frequent in the hospital population. Due to differences in species distribution and antifungal susceptibility testing depending on the geographic area and the type of patient, it is important to study the epidemiology of each institution. For this purpose, we conducted a retrospective, descriptive study on the occurrence of candidemia in the Children's Hospital "Superiora Sor María Ludovica" of the city of La Plata. In a 6-year period (2010-2015), 177 candidemia episodes were recorded...
July 19, 2017: Revista Argentina de Microbiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734709/worldwide-fracture-prediction
#16
Ghada El-Hajj Fuleihan, Marlene Chakhtoura, Jane A Cauley, Nariman Chamoun
The substantial increase in the burden of non-communicable diseases in general and osteoporosis in particular, necessitates the establishment of efficient and targeted diagnosis and treatment strategies. This chapter reviews and compares different tools for osteoporosis screening and diagnosis; it also provides an overview of different treatment guidelines adopted by countries worldwide. While access to dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry to measure bone mineral density (BMD) is limited in most areas in the world, the introduction of risk calculators that combine risk factors, with or without BMD, have resulted in a paradigm shift in osteoporosis screening and management...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734619/fibromyalgia-prevalence-epidemiologic-profiles-and-economic-costs
#17
REVIEW
Asensi Cabo-Meseguer, Germán Cerdá-Olmedo, José Luis Trillo-Mata
Fibromyalgia is an idiopathic chronic condition that causes widespread musculoskeletal pain, hyperalgesia and allodynia. This review aims to approach the general epidemiology of fibromyalgia according to the most recent published studies, identifying the general worldwide prevalence of the disease, its basic epidemiological profiles and its economic costs, with specific interest in the Spanish and Comunidad Valenciana cases. Fibromyalgia affects, on average, 2.10% of the world's population; 2.31% of the European population; 2...
July 19, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734617/epidemiology-evolution-and-pathogenesis-of-h7n9-influenza-viruses-in-five-epidemic-waves-since-2013-in-china
#18
REVIEW
Shuo Su, Min Gu, Di Liu, Jie Cui, George F Gao, Jiyong Zhou, Xiufan Liu
H7N9 influenza viruses were first isolated in 2013 and continue to cause human infections. H7N9 infections represent an ongoing public health threat that has resulted in 1344 cases with 511 deaths as of April 9, 2017. This highlights the continued threat posed by the current poultry trade and live poultry market system in China. Until now, there have been five H7N9 influenza epidemic waves in China; however, the steep increase in the number of humans infected with H7N9 viruses observed in the fifth wave, beginning in October 2016, the spread into western provinces, and the emergence of highly pathogenic (HP) H7N9 influenza outbreaks in chickens and infection in humans have caused domestic and international concern...
July 19, 2017: Trends in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734542/improved-survival-after-retrieval-of-12-or-more-regional-lymph-nodes-in-appendiceal-cancer
#19
I Fleischmann, R Warschkow, U Beutner, L Marti, B M Schmied, T Steffen
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the role of regional lymph node (RLN) retrieval on stage migration, overall (OS), and cancer-specific survival (CSS) in appendiceal cancer. METHODS: Between 2004 and 2012, 1046 patients with primary stage I-III carcinoma of the appendix were identified in the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results database. The impact of the number of RLN removed on OS and CSS was assessed using joinpoint regression, Cox regression, and propensity score methods...
July 15, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734514/malaria-in-children
#20
REVIEW
Lauren M Cohee, Miriam K Laufer
Malaria is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in endemic areas, leading to an estimated 438,000 deaths in 2015. Malaria is also an important health threat to travelers to endemic countries and should be considered in evaluation of any traveler returning from a malaria-endemic area who develops fever. Considering the diagnosis of malaria in patients with potential exposure is critical. Prompt provision of effective treatment limits the complications of malaria and can be life-saving. Understanding Plasmodium species variation, epidemiology, and drug-resistance patterns in the geographic area where infection was acquired is important for determining treatment choices...
August 2017: Pediatric Clinics of North America
keyword
keyword
223
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"