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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775512/improving-post-hospital-medication-management-in-a-danish-municipality-a-process-evaluation
#1
Mette Geil Kollerup, Tine Curtis, Birgitte Schantz Laursen
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study evaluates an intervention developed to improve patient safety in post-hospital medication management carried out by visiting nurses working in a municipality in Denmark. The intervention consisted of three elements: an initial inter-disciplinary home visit by nurses, two subsequent scheduled visits, and the use of an organising tool. BACKGROUND: As a consequence of specialised treatment plans and new treatment possibilities, patients with complex care needs can now be discharged from hospital more rapidly - and in greater numbers - than previously...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775080/mindfulness-meditation-and-interprofessional-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-a-mixed-methods-pilot-study
#2
Diana J Kelm, Jennifer L Ridgeway, Becca L Gas, Monali Mohan, David A Cook, Darlene R Nelson, Roberto P Benzo
PROBLEM: Mindfulness training includes mindfulness meditation, which has been shown to improve both attention and self-awareness. Medical providers in the intensive care unit often deal with difficult situations with strong emotions, life-and-death decisions, and both interpersonal and interprofessional conflicts. The effect of mindfulness meditation training on healthcare providers during acute care tasks such as cardiopulmonary resuscitation remains unknown. Mindfulness meditation has the potential to improve provider well-being and reduce stress in individuals involved in resuscitation teams, which could then translate into better team communication and delivery of care under stress...
May 18, 2018: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774817/bladder-reconstruction-with-bowel-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-ileocystoplasty-with-mitrofanoff-appendicovesicostomy-in-pediatric-patients
#3
Nimrod S Barashi, Maria Veronica Rodriguez, Vignesh T Packiam, Mohan S Gundeti
Neurogenic bladder occur as a consequence of several conditions, most commonly posterior urethral valves syndrome, spina bifida, tethered cord, sacral agenesis, and Arnold-Chiari malformation. It is characterized by diminished bladder capacity and/or reduced compliance, associated with high-pressure voiding that can lead to deterioration of renal function if left untreated. When medical management fails, bladder reconstruction with bowel (aumentation ileocystoplasty) becomes the treatment of choice for these patients...
May 2018: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774588/patient-involvement-is-essential-in-identifying-drug-related-problems
#4
Heini Kari, Hanna Kortejärvi, Marja Airaksinen, Raisa Laaksonen
AIMS: The aim of this study is to evaluate how critical patient involvement is in pharmacist-led clinical medication reviews (CMRs) and in identifying the most significant clinical drug-related problems (DRPs). METHODS: Pharmacist-led CMRs were conducted with 161 consenting patients aged >75 years with 7+ prescribed medicines, living independently at home in Finland. A pharmacist, a nurse and a physician evaluated the clinical significance of the DRPs identified during the patient interview at an interprofessional case conference...
May 18, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774451/different-kinds-of-lonely-dimensions-of-isolation-and-substance-use-in-adolescence
#5
Molly Copeland, Jacob C Fisher, James Moody, Mark E Feinberg
Social isolation is broadly associated with poor mental health and risky behaviors in adolescence, a time when peers are critical for healthy development. However, expectations for isolates' substance use remain unclear. Isolation in adolescence may signal deviant attitudes or spur self-medication, resulting in higher substance use. Conversely, isolates may lack access to substances, leading to lower use. Although treated as a homogeneous social condition for teens in much research, isolation represents a multifaceted experience with structurally distinct network components that present different risks for substance use...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774442/integrated-models-of-care-for-individuals-with-opioid-use-disorder-how-do-we-prevent-hiv-and-hcv
#6
REVIEW
Katherine M Rich, Joshua Bia, Frederick L Altice, Judith Feinberg
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To describe models of integrated and co-located care for opioid use disorder (OUD), hepatitis C (HCV), and HIV. RECENT FINDINGS: The design and scale-up of multidisciplinary care models that engage, retain, and treat individuals with HIV, HCV, and OUD are critical to preventing continued spread of HIV and HCV. We identified 17 models within primary care (N = 3), HIV specialty care (N = 5), opioid treatment programs (N = 6), transitional clinics (N = 2), and community-based harm reduction programs (N = 1), as well as two emerging models...
May 17, 2018: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773703/investigating-admitted-patients-satisfaction-with-nursing-care-at-debre-berhan-referral-hospital-in-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Nigussie Tadesse Sharew, Hailegiorgis Teklegiorgis Bizuneh, Hilina Ketema Assefa, Tesfa Dejenie Habtewold
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were (1) to assess the level of patient satisfaction with nursing care and (2) to identify factors influencing patient satisfaction. DESIGN: A hospital-based, cross-sectional study was conducted with 252 admitted patients in the medical, surgical and paediatric wards. SETTING: Debre Berhan Referral Hospital, Debre Berhan, Ethiopia, with a catchment population of 2.8 million. PARTICIPANTS: All patients admitted at least for 2 days and capable of independent communication were included...
May 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773605/using-patient-whiteboards-to-engage-families-in-harm-prevention-and-care-planning-a-quality-improvement-study
#8
Katherine Nowacki, Tondeleyo Gonzalez, Jennifer Mehnert, Amy Jacquemard, Amy Tyler
OBJECTIVES: Whiteboards are a valuable tool used to facilitate communication between families and the care team, but they were underused in our institution. Our aim was to increase families' knowledge of their child's plan of care, safety plan, and medical care team names by increasing the use of patient whiteboards with inpatient populations at a freestanding quaternary care children's hospital. METHODS: With this quality improvement study, we redesigned the whiteboard template to address the following 4 main barriers to use: (1) not having enough space to explain concepts to families, (2) having too much information to complete, (3) unclear roles of who completes the whiteboard, and (4) forgetting to update the whiteboard...
May 17, 2018: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773569/mobile-stroke-unit-reduces-time-to-image-acquisition-and-reporting
#9
E M Nyberg, J R Cox, R G Kowalski, D V Duarte, B Schimpf, W J Jones
Timely administration of thrombolytic therapy is critical to maximizing the likelihood of favorable outcomes in patients with acute ischemic stroke. Although emergency medical service activation overall improves the timeliness of acute stroke treatment, the time from emergency medical service dispatch to hospital arrival unavoidably decreases the timeliness of thrombolytic administration. Our mobile stroke unit, a new-generation ambulance with on-board CT scanning capability, reduces key imaging time metrics and facilitates in-the-field delivery of IV thrombolytic therapy...
May 17, 2018: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771763/recognizing-diagnosing-and-preventing-child-maltreatment-an-update-for-pediatric-clinicians
#10
Fiona Danaher, Andrea Vandeven, Aine Blanchard, Alice W Newton
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Despite an increasing understanding of the impact of emotional trauma and physical abuse on children, clinicians and hospitals still sometimes miss the diagnosis of abuse. The literature in 2017 focused on creating standardized approaches to recognition and diagnosis of physical abuse and occult injury, including using the electronic medical record to provide triggers for consultation of the hospital Child Protection Program. The American College of Radiology updated their standardized approach to the evaluation of physical abuse in the child, and other authors gave us screening tools for commercial exploitation, as well as guidance about how to recognize risks for emotional abuse in families...
May 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771722/detection-of-deteriorating-patients-on-surgical-wards-outside-the-icu-by-an-automated-mews-based-early-warning-system-with-paging-functionality
#11
Axel R Heller, Sören T Mees, Benjamin Lauterwald, Christian Reeps, Thea Koch, Jürgen Weitz
BACKGROUND: The establishment of early warning systems in hospitals was strongly recommended in recent guidelines to detect deteriorating patients early and direct them to adequate care. Upon reaching predefined trigger criteria, Medical Emergency Teams (MET) should be notified and directed to these patients. The present study analyses the effect of introducing an automated multiparameter early warning score (MEWS)-based early warning system with paging functionality on 2 wards hosting patients recovering from highly complex surgical interventions...
May 16, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771256/rheumatoid-arthritis-new-monoclonal-antibodies
#12
I Serio, F Tovoli
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an immune-mediated condition which primarily affects the joints, but with critical extra-articular manifestations, including a significantly increased cardiovascular risk. Patients suffering from RA can develop deforming and disabling alterations of the affected joints. Their quality of life can be substantially affected, and their life expectancy is shorter compared to that of healthy subjects. Fortunately, several pathogenic mechanisms characterizing RA have been identified, leading to the development of targeted drugs...
March 2018: Drugs of Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769813/paediatric-vision-screening-in-the-primary-care-setting-in-ontario
#13
Tran D Le, Rana Arham Raashid, Linda Colpa, Jason Noble, Asim Ali, Agnes Wong
Objectives: Early intervention is critical to prevent treatable causes of vision loss in children. The objectives of the current study are: (1) to assess how well primary care physicians in Ontario follow the vision screening guidelines for children as recommended by the Canadian Paediatric Society and the Rourke Baby Record and (2) to identify barriers to vision screening in the primary care setting. Design: Cross-sectional survey. Methods: A 19-question survey was mailed out to 1000 randomly selected family physicians (family MDs), 1000 general practitioners (GPs) and 1000 paediatricians in Ontario as listed in the 2013 Canadian Medical Directory...
May 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769112/association-between-%C3%AE-blocker-use-and-mortality-in-critically-ill-patients-a-nested-cohort-study
#14
Shmeylan A Al Harbi, Khalid A Al Sulaiman, Hani Tamim, Hasan M Al-Dorzi, Musharaf Sadat, Yaseen Arabi
BACKGROUND: β-blockers have several indications in critically ill patients and are commonly used. The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between the use of β-blockers in critically ill patients and mortality. METHODS: This was a nested cohort study in which all medical-surgical ICU patients (N = 523) enrolled in a randomized clinical trial of intensive insulin therapy (ISRCTN07413772) were grouped according to β-blocker use during ICU stay. To account for the indication of β-blockers, we constructed a propensity score using selected clinically-relevant and statistically-significant variables related to β-blocker exposure and outcome...
May 16, 2018: BMC Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769074/delay-in-reviewing-test-results-prolongs-hospital-length-of-stay-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#15
Mei-Sing Ong, Farah Magrabi, Enrico Coiera
BACKGROUND: Failure in the timely follow-up of test results has been widely documented, contributing to delayed medical care. Yet, the impact of delay in reviewing test results on hospital length of stay (LOS) has not been studied. We examine the relationship between laboratory tests review time and hospital LOS. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of inpatients admitted to a metropolitan teaching hospital in Sydney, Australia, between 2011 and 2012 (n = 5804)...
May 16, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768607/-the-medicalization-of-life-hybrids-against-the-dichotomy-nature-culture
#16
Anahi Sy
This paper aims to analyze the process of medicalization in current societies, starting from the description of the way in which medicine gradually appropriated various aspects of everyday life that were once part of the life cycle of people. At the theoretical level, we are based on authors such as Descola and Latour, who problematize the dichotomy between Nature and Culture, and propose the need to think from a superior episteme. Methodologically, this theoretical proposal enables an analysis of the medicalization that can illuminate what is hidden in the discourse and biomedical practices: the sociocultural, political and economic processes that are part of these "objects" of Medicine...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768234/improved-experimental-time-of-ultra-large-bioassays-using-a-parallelised-microfluidic-biochip-architecture-scheduling
#17
Maryam Taajobian, Ali Jahanian
Digital microfluidic is an emerging technology to reduce the cost and time of experiments and improve the flexibility, automate-ability and correctness of biochemical assays. In many of applications such as drug discovery and DNA profiling, a large number of bio-operations (e.g. the chemical operations used in biology applications) must be done. In these applications, parallelising the operations will be critical in accuracy and cost of the process and digital microfluidic biochips can be considered as a reasonable platform...
June 2018: IET Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767795/quality-measurement-in-physician-staffed-emergency-medical-services-a-systematic-literature-review
#18
Helge Haugland, Oddvar Uleberg, Pål Klepstad, Andreas Krüger, Marius Rehn
Purpose: Quality measurement of physician-staffed emergency medical services (P-EMS) is necessary to improve service quality. Knowledge and consensus on this topic are scarce, making quality measurement of P-EMS a high-priority research area. The aim of this review was to identify, describe and evaluate studies of quality measurement in P-EMS. Data sources: The databases of MEDLINE and Embase were searched initially, followed by a search for included article citations in Scopus...
May 15, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767669/identification-of-mutations-in-patients-with-acquired-pure-red-cell-aplasia
#19
Xinchao Zhang, Yi Shi, Lingjun Song, Chang Shen, Qi Cai, Zhou Zhang, Jun Wu, Guohui Fu, Weiwei Shen
Idiopathic acquired pure red cell aplasia (PRCA) is a rare, autoimmune-related disease. This study aimed to describe the previously unidentified DNA alterations associated with PRCA. Here, next generation sequencing using a panel containing 295 critical genes was applied to detect potentially pathogenic mutations in four patients with PRCA. A total of 529 mutations were identified and further classified into three categories, namely, uncertain (n = 25), likely benign (n = 20) and benign (n = 484) mutations, based on the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) 2015 guidelines and ClinVar database...
May 15, 2018: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767569/teaching-tip-development-of-veterinary-anesthesia-simulations-for-pre-clinical-training-design-implementation-and-evaluation-based-on-student-perspectives
#20
Jana L Jones, Jim Rinehart, Jacqueline Jordan Spiegel, Ryane E Englar, Brian K Sidaway, Joie Rowles
Anesthesia simulations have been used in pre-clinical medical training for decades to help learners gain confidence and expertise in an operating room environment without danger to a live patient. The authors describe a veterinary anesthesia simulation environment (VASE) with anesthesia scenarios developed to provide a re-creation of a veterinarian's task environment while performing anesthesia. The VASE uses advanced computer technology with simulator inputs provided from standard monitoring equipment in common use during veterinary anesthesia and a commercial canine training mannequin that allows intubation, ventilation, and venous access...
2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
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