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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457560/prophylactic-intra-aortic-balloon-counterpulsation-before-surgical-myocardial-revascularization-in-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction
#1
Philippe Grieshaber, Tobias Schneider, Lukas Oster, Coskun Orhan, Peter Roth, Bernd Niemann, Andreas Böning
INTRODUCTION: Prophylactic intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation (pIABC) is recommended for high-risk patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery. Criteria for high-risk patients benefiting from pIABC are unclear. This study aimed to specifically describe the effect of pIABC on outcomes of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) undergoing CABG. METHODS: In 178 of 484 AMI patients (non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction [NSTEMI] or ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction [STEMI] ≤5 days before surgery) without cardiogenic shock who underwent CABG between 2008 and 2013, pIABC was initiated preoperatively...
February 1, 2018: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456049/six-month-outcomes-after-high-risk-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-and-preoperative-intra-aortic-balloon-counterpulsation-use-an-inception-cohort-study
#2
Edward Litton, Frances Bass, Anthony Delaney, Graham Hillis, Silvana Marasco, Shay McGuinness, Paul S Myles, Christopher M Reid, Julian A Smith
OBJECTIVE: To inform the design of a pivotal randomized controlled trial of prophylactic intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation (IABC) in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) at high risk of postoperative low cardiac output syndrome (LCOS). DESIGN: Inception cohort study. SETTING: A total of 13 established cardiac centers in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom. PARTICIPANTS: Adult patients were eligible for inclusion if they were listed for CABG surgery and had 2 or more LCOS risk factors (low ejection fraction, severe left main coronary artery disease, redo sternotomy, unstable angina)...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455804/step-by-step-aortic-valve-replacement-with-a-new-rapid-deployment-valve
#3
Kevin D Accola, W Randolph Chitwood, Mubashir A Mumtaz, Glenn R Barnhart
PURPOSE: Rapid deployment/sutureless aortic valve replacement is aimed at minimizing the invasiveness of surgical aortic valve replacement. We describe the implantation techniques of a new rapid deployment aortic valve, focusing on its unique and challenging features. DESCRIPTION: The EDWARDS INTUITY Elite aortic valve (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, CA) represents a hybrid between the surgical PERIMOUNT Magna Ease (Edwards Lifesciences) pericardial valve, but with advanced features of the percutaneous SAPIEN valve system (Edwards Lifesciences)...
March 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455786/examination-of-the-appropriate-timing-of-reperfusion-therapy-for-recent-myocardial-infarction-a-japanese-single-center-retrospective-study
#4
Yukio Mizuguchi, Hiroki Shibutani, Sho Hashimoto, Takeshi Yamada, Norimasa Taniguchi, Shunsuke Nakajima, Tetsuya Hata, Akihiko Takahashi
BACKGROUND: The various guidelines clearly mention the treatment strategies for in patient of acute myocardial infarction (MI) presenting more than 24h from symptom onset (recent myocardial infarction, RMI). However, the appropriate timing of reperfusion for RMI is unclear. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 525 consecutive MI patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in our hospital between January 2008 and December 2012. RESULTS: Sixty RMI patients were more frequently associated with cardiac complications such as myocardial rupture (3...
January 2018: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455762/bvs-rdn-iabp-the-afghanistan-of-interventional-cardiology-trials
#5
EDITORIAL
Sundeep Mishra
In the field of medicine and cardiology newer therapy and devices have been launched with a huge promise and a lot of hype. Unfortunately, over the course of time, a good many of them like biovascular scaffold, renal denervation and intra-aortic balloon pump have failed to live up to their initial promise so much so that some of them have been withdrawn. The reason for this downfall may be multifold from incomplete understanding of the patho-physiology of disease, incomplete understanding of mechanism of action of the therapy, in-appropriate application in clinical practice, in-efficient therapy development related to flawed trial design, regulatory impediments placed on the trials or deficits in application of scientific techniques...
January 2018: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451075/short-term-outcomes-of-preoperative-intra-aortic-balloon-pump-use-in-patients-undergoing-adjunctive-coronary-endarterectomy-a-retrospective-observational-study
#6
Liangshan Wang, Xing Hao, Xiaomeng Wang, Chengxiong Gu, Hong Wang, Xiaotong Hou
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) combined with coronary endarterectomy (CE) can be associated with high operative mortality and morbidity. An intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) has been the most widely used mechanical circulatory support device during perfusion treatment. However, the benefits of preoperative IABP in CABG combined with CE remain unknown. We conducted a retrospective observational study to evaluate the efficacy of preoperative IABP therapy in patients undergoing adjunctive right coronary artery (RCA) endarterectomy...
February 1, 2018: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447780/nonprimary-pci-at-hospitals-without-cardiac-surgery-on-site-consistent-outcomes-for-all
#7
Matthew J Czarny, Julie M Miller, Daniel Q Naiman, Chao-Wei Hwang, Rani K Hasan, Cynthia C Lemmon, Thomas Aversano
BACKGROUND: The CPORT-E trial showed the noninferiority of nonprimary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) at hospitals without cardiac surgery on-site (SoS) compared with hospitals with SoS for 6-week mortality and 9-month major adverse cardiac events (MACE). However, target vessel revascularization (TVR) was increased at non-SoS hospitals. Therefore, we aimed to determine the consistency of the CPORT-E trial findings across the spectrum of enrolled patients. METHODS: Post hoc subgroup analyses of 6-week mortality and 9-month MACE, defined as the composite of death, Q-wave myocardial infarction, or TVR, were performed...
March 2018: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443740/clinical-outcomes-of-left-main-coronary-artery-disease-patients-undergoing-three-different-revascularization-approaches
#8
Chieh-Shou Su, Yu-Wei Chen, Ching-Hui Shen, Tsun-Jui Liu, Yen Chang, Wen-Lieng Lee
Significant unprotected left main (LM) coronary artery disease is frequently associated with severe multivessel disease and increased mortality and morbidity compared with non-LM coronary artery disease. This study compared the clinical outcomes of patients with LM disease who received percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with stenting, conventional coronary-artery bypass grafting (C-CABG), and robot-assisted CABG (R-CABG).This retrospective study analyzed 472 consecutive LM disease patients who underwent three different revascularization approaches at a tertiary medical center between January 2005 and November 2013...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443065/balloon-based-injury-to-induce-myointimal-hyperplasia-in-the-mouse-abdominal-aorta
#9
Grigol Tediashvili, Dong Wang, Hermann Reichenspurner, Tobias Deuse, Sonja Schrepfer
The use of animal models is essential for a better understanding of MH, one major cause for arterial stenosis.In this article, we demonstrate a murine balloon denudation model, which is comparable with established vessel injury models in large animals. The aorta denudation model with balloon catheters mimics the clinical setting and leads to comparable pathobiological and physiological changes. Briefly, after performing a horizontal incision in the aorta abdominalis, a balloon catheter will be inserted into the vessel, inflated, and introduced retrogradely...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440625/safety-and-feasibility-of-a-novel-active-fixation-temporary-pacing-lead
#10
Mark Webster, Sanjeevan Pasupati, Nigel Lever, Martin Stiles
OBJECTIVE: This first-in-human study evaluated the safety and technical feasibility of the Tempo temporary cardiac pacing lead (BioTrace Medical), which includes a novel fixation mechanism and soft tip. BACKGROUND: Complications of temporary pacing leads include dislodgment, arrhythmias, and ventricular perforation. Temporary pacing applications have increased with transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) growth, for rapid pacing during balloon valvuloplasty (BAV) and valve deployment, and for periprocedural bradyarrhythmia support...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439891/resuscitative-endovascular-balloon-occlusion-of-the-aorta-using-a-low-profile-device-is-easy-and-safe-for-emergency-physicians-in-cases-of-life-threatening-hemorrhage
#11
Takahiro Shoji, Takehiko Tarui, Takashi Igarashi, Yuki Mochida, Hiroyuki Morinaga, Yasuhiko Miyakuni, Yoshitaka Inoue, Yasuhiko Kaita, Hiroshi Miyauchi, Yoshihiro Yamaguchi
BACKGROUND: Bleeding from hemorrhagic shock can be immediately controlled by blocking the proximal part of the hemorrhagic point using either resuscitative thoracotomy for aortic cross-clamping or insertion of a large-caliber (10-14Fr) resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) device via the femoral artery. However, such methods are very invasive and have various complications. With recent progress in endovascular treatment, a low-profile REBOA device (7Fr) has been developed...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434633/restrictive-perimembranous-ventricular-septal-defect-with-left-to-right-shunt-post-urgent-aortic-balloon-valvuloplasty-and-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement
#12
Emmanouil Chourdakis, Ioanna Koniari, Nicholas G Kounis, Dimitrios Velissaris, George Hahalis, Karl Eugen Hauptmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428533/greater-compliance-within-instruction-for-use-ifu-for-concomitant-iliac-aneurysms-and-adverse-aneurysm-characteristics-initial-experience-with-the-nellix-endovascular-aneurysm-sealing-system-evas-at-a-single-institution
#13
J X Hing, J K Ch'ng, K H Tay, T T Chong
AIM: The Nellix was introduced to Asia in 2014. Data in Asians have been sparse. Two balloon expandable stents, each surrounded by a polymer-filled endobag are deployed in parallel to obliterate and seal the aneurysm. This paradigm shift to treating abdominal aortic aneurysms confers advantages for certain adverse aneurysm morphology that is outside the IFU for standard EVAR devices. We examine outcomes of fifteen Asian patients with concomitant infrarenal aortic and iliac artery aneurysms treated with the Nellix at our institution...
February 8, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421694/resuscitative-endovascular-balloon-occlusion-of-the-aorta-and-resuscitative-thoracotomy-in-select-patients-with-hemorrhagic-shock-early-results-from-the-american-association-for-the-surgery-of-trauma-aortic-occlusion-in-resuscitation-for-trauma-and-acute-care
#14
Megan Brenner, Kenji Inaba, Alberto Aiolfi, Joseph DuBose, Timothy Fabian, Tiffany Bee, John B Holcomb, Laura Moore, David Skarupa, Thomas M Scalea
BACKGROUND: Aortic occlusion (AO) is a potentially valuable tool for early resuscitation in patients nearing extremis or in arrest from severe hemorrhage. STUDY DESIGN: AAST AORTA registry identified trauma patients without penetrating thoracic injury undergoing AO at the level of the descending thoracic aorta (RT or Zone 1 REBOA) in the Emergency Department (ED). Survival outcomes relative to the timing of CPR need and admission hemodynamic status were examined...
February 5, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421424/renal-fenestration-closure-technique-in-fenestrated-endovascular-repair-for-para-renal-aortic-aneurysm
#15
E Gallitto, M Gargiulo, G Faggioli, A Sonetto, C Mascoli, R Pini, M Abualhin, A Stella
PURPOSE: To describe an endovascular technique to close a renal artery fenestration during fenestrated endograft implant for a para-renal aneurysm (p-AAA) without interfering with other visceral vessels REPORT: A 76-year-old-male with p-AAA underwent repair by a four fenestrations custom-made endograft. At the intra-procedural angiography, the right renal artery was occluded. In order to avoid a high-flow endoleak from fenestration, we performed the following technique: a 9F-steerable sheath was used to advance a 7F-sheath through the fenestration into aneurism...
February 5, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420704/pacemaker-implantation-rate-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-with-early-and-new-generation-devices-a-systematic-review
#16
Philippe J van Rosendael, Victoria Delgado, Jeroen J Bax
Aims: The incidence of new-onset conduction abnormalities requiring permanent pacemaker implantation (PPI) after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) with new-generation prostheses remains debated. This systematic review analyses the incidence of PPI after TAVI with new-generation devices and evaluates the electrical, anatomical, and procedural factors associated with PPI. In addition, the incidence of PPI after TAVI with early generation prostheses was reviewed for comparison...
February 6, 2018: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416868/clinical-outcomes-of-patients-undergoing-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-for-acute-myocardial-infarction-requiring-the-intensive-care-unit
#17
Ken Parhar, Victoria Millar, Vasileios Zochios, Emilia Bruton, Catherine Jaworksi, Nick West, Alain Vuylsteke
Background: Outcomes for patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction continue to improve, largely due to timely provision of reperfusion by primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI). However, despite prompt and successful PPCI, a small proportion of patients require ventilatory and hemodynamic support in an intensive care unit (ICU). The outcome of these patients remains poorly defined. Methods: A retrospective review of all consecutive admissions post-PPCI pathway to a single ICU between January 2009 and May 2014 was performed...
2018: Journal of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413244/long-term-outcomes-in-patients-with%C3%A2-new-permanent-pacemaker-implantation-following-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement
#18
Chekrallah Chamandi, Marco Barbanti, Antonio Munoz-Garcia, Azeem Latib, Luis Nombela-Franco, Enrique Gutiérrez-Ibanez, Gabriela Veiga-Fernandez, Asim N Cheema, Ignacio Cruz-Gonzalez, Vicenç Serra, Corrado Tamburino, Antonio Mangieri, Antonio Colombo, Pilar Jiménez-Quevedo, Jaime Elizaga, Gerard Laughlin, Dae-Hyun Lee, Bruno Garcia Del Blanco, Tania Rodriguez-Gabella, Josep-Ramon Marsal, Mélanie Côté, François Philippon, Josep Rodés-Cabau
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate the long-term clinical impact of permanent pacemaker implantation (PPI) after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). BACKGROUND: Conduction disturbances leading to PPI are common following TAVR. However, no data exist regarding the impact of PPI on long-term outcomes post-TAVR. METHODS: This was a multicenter study including a total of 1,629 patients without prior PPI undergoing TAVR (balloon- and self-expandable valves in 45% and 55% of patients, respectively)...
February 12, 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409382/distal-placement-of-resuscitative-endovascular-balloon-occlusion-of-the-aorta-reboa-to-restore-hemodynamic-stability-in-a-patient-with-proximal-aortic-rupture
#19
Shira Strauss, Paul Engels, John Harlock
PURPOSE: To report unconventional use of the resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) technique to restore hemodynamic stability in a patient who was hemorrhaging from aortic injury proximal to the target zone of occlusion. CASE REPORT: A 72-year-old woman underwent urgent thoracic stent-graft repair of a ruptured 8×8-cm mycotic pseudoaneurysm. Two months later, follow-up imaging revealed that the proximal aortic stent seal zone had degenerated, so a percutaneous procedure was performed 2 months later to preemptively reinforce the segment of stented aorta...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409379/extrinsic-compression-of-the-ovation-stent-graft-following-glue-embolization-for-type-ii-endoleak-an-unusual-complication
#20
Wenwen Ni, Sum Leong, Jack Kian Chng, Kiang Hiong Tay
PURPOSE: To describe a case of extrinsic compression of the Ovation stent-graft following glue embolization for type II endoleak. CASE REPORT: A 75-year-old man with a past history of ischemic heart disease and endovascular aneurysm repair with an Ovation stent-graft was admitted for treatment of type II endoleaks from the right L2 and left L4 lumbar arteries with egress via the inferior mesenteric and right L4 lumbar arteries, respectively. Successful embolization was performed via a translumbar sac puncture with a combination of coils and histoacryl glue...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
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