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Shubhra Jain, Vinod Joshi, Yogendra S Rathore, Narendra Khippal
Several occupational hazards, especially exposure to silica, have been implicated as causal factors for the development of scleroderma-like disorders. Compared to other connective tissue disorders, silica-associated systemic sclerosis (SA-SS) is relatively rare. Silica-induced scleroderma is indistinguishable from idiopathic systemic sclerosis. However, the former expresses a high predisposition of pulmonary involvement and anti-Scl-70 antibody. We report the case of a 42-year-old male, stone cutter by occupation, who was diagnosed as simple chronic silicosis and developed systemic sclerosis...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Shencun Fang, Huifang Guo, Yusi Cheng, Zewei Zhou, Wei Zhang, Bing Han, Wei Luo, Jing Wang, Weiping Xie, Jie Chao
Excessive proliferation and migration of fibroblasts contribute to pulmonary fibrosis in silicosis, and both epithelial cells and endothelial cells participate in the accumulation of fibroblasts via the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and the endothelial-mesenchymal transition (EndMT), respectively. A mouse endothelial cell line (MML1) was exposed to silicon dioxide (SiO2 , 50 μg/cm2 ), and immunofluorescence and western blot analyses were performed to evaluate levels of specific endothelial and mesenchymal markers and to elucidate the mechanisms by which SiO2 induces the EndMT...
March 14, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
K Donaldson, W A Wallace, C Henry, A Seaton
The building of the Edinburgh New Town, from the mid-18th to the mid-19th centuries, was a major advance in harmonious and elegant town planning. However, there is anecdotal evidence that it led to the occurrence of an epidemic of silicosis/tuberculosis among the stonemasons. We have reviewed contemporary accounts of the episode and early records of the understanding of silicosis. We have also studied the lung of a contemporary stonemason, preserved in the museum of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, and confirmed the presence of silico-tuberculosis in it...
December 2017: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
Mehdi Mirsaeidi, Ruxana T Sadikot
Recurrent tuberculosis (TB) continues to be a significant problem and is an important indicator of the effectiveness of TB control. Recurrence can occur by relapse or exogenous reinfection. Recurrence of TB is still a major problem in high-burden countries, where there is lack of resources and no special attention is being given to this issue. The rate of recurrence is highly variable and has been estimated to range from 4.9% to 47%. This variability is related to differences in regional epidemiology of recurrence and differences in the definitions used by the TB control programs...
January 2018: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
Chenjing Fan, Pål Graff, Per Vihlborg, Ing-Liss Bryngelsson, Lena Andersson
INTRODUCTION: Work-related exposure to silica is a global health hazard that causes diseases such as silicosis. Some studies have also reported that silica exposure is linked to elevated cardiovascular disease mortality. However, these diagnoses have not been investigated in detail and there have been few studies on morbidity. The aim of this study is to examine morbidity and mortality from different cardiovascular diseases among silica-exposed Swedish foundry workers. METHODS: Historical and contemporary measurements (1968-2006) of respiratory silica exposure were matched to job categories, individual foundries, and 4 time periods (1968-1979, 1980-1989, 1990-1999, 2000-2006) using a mixed model...
2018: PloS One
Ruifeng Zhang, Guofeng Ma, Xiaoling Xu, Li Liang
BACKGROUND: Exposure to crystalline silica results in silicosis with initiation and progression of pulmonary fibrosis. The impaired lung parenchyma leads to pulmonary arterial hypertension and increased pressure in the right ventricle of the heart. Usually, the silicosis may be followed by enlargement of hilar lymphnodes, but silicosis-induced pulmonary artery stenosis with severe pulmonary hypertension is rare. Percutaneous pulmonary artery stenting and balloon angioplasty were performed to relieve stenosis and pulmonary hypertension...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Xiyue Yang, Jing Wang, Zewei Zhou, Rong Jiang, Jie Huang, Lulu Chen, Zhouli Cao, Han Chu, Bing Han, Yusi Cheng, Jie Chao
Phagocytosis of silicon dioxide (SiO2) into lung cells causes an inflammatory cascade that results in fibroblast proliferation and migration, followed by fibrosis. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a subclass of noncoding RNAs that are present within mammalian cells; however, researchers have not determined whether circRNAs are involved in the pathophysiologic process of silicosis. To elucidate the role of these RNAs in SiO2-induced inflammation in pulmonary macrophages, we investigated the upstream molecular mechanisms and functional effects of circRNAs on cell apoptosis, proliferation, and migration...
January 22, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Paulo Victor Sgobbi de Souza, Thiago Bortholin, Fernando George Monteiro Naylor, Wladimir Bocca Vieira de Rezende Pinto, Beny Schmidt, Acary Souza Bulle Oliveira
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
Jock McCulloch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
Janne M Schoening, Leigh A L Corner, Locksley L McV Messam, Joseph P Cassidy, Alan Wolfe
Chronic inhalation of crystalline silica and silicates may lead to severe lung disease in humans, termed silicosis. The disease is an occupational health concern in miners and related professions worldwide. Silicosis is also a strong risk factor for tuberculosis in humans. Due to its subterranean lifestyle, the European badger (Meles meles) is continuously exposed to environmental dust, while this species is also susceptible to tuberculosis, caused by Mycobacterium bovis. To date, a thorough investigation of mineral dust retention and its possible implication as a risk factor for mycobacterial infection in badgers has not been performed...
2018: PloS One
Jiayi Chen, Yuqin Yao, Xiaolan Su, Ying Shi, Xuejiao Song, Linshen Xie, Jia You, Liantian Tian, Luo Yang, Aiping Fang, Jingyuan Xiong
Silicosis is a long-established public health issue in developing countries due to increasingly serious air pollution and poorly implemented occupational safety regulation. Inhalation of silica triggers cytotoxicity, oxidative stress, pulmonary inflammation and eventually silicosis. Current understanding in the pathogenesis and mechanism of silicosis is limited, and no effective cure is clinically available once silicosis is developed. A number of studies were conducted to investigate silica-induced alternate gene expressions in pulmonary cells...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Applied Toxicology: JAT
T Yu, G H Li, Y M Jia, Y Lou, X Y Gan
Objective: To observe the expression of alpha smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and high mo-bility group protein B1 (HMGB1) in silicosis model rats interfered by lumbricus. Methods: 45 rats were ran-domly divided into the control group, model group and group interfered by lumbricus. The silicosis model rats were established. The group interfered by lumbricus were intragastric administered with lumbricus decoction by the 4 ml/kg dose. The control group and model group were ig administered with the equal amount of normal saline...
November 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
Giada Minelli, Amerigo Zona, Fulvio Cavariani, Pietro Comba, Roberto Pasetto
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this contribution is to describe, for the first time, occurrence, temporal trends and spatial patterns of mortality from silicosis in Italy in recent decades. METHODS: Mortality data on pneumoconiosis due to silica or silicates (ICD-9 code 502, ICD-10 code J62) were extracted from the Italian National Mortality Database. Temporal trends were analysed in the period 1990-2012; standardized rates per 100 000, spatial distribution, including cluster analysis, were computed for eleven years, i...
October 2017: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
W Wang, W H Zhang, Y S Tao, X Zhuang, M J Chu
Objective: To evaluate the relationship between IL-1 gene polymorphisms and coal workers' pneumoconiosis and silicosis susceptibility. Methods: We searched published full-text from PubMed, Web of Science, CNKI, VIP and Wanfang to collect case-control study on IL-1 gene polymorphisms with coal workers' pneumoconiosis and silicosis susceptibility. Eight articles, including 10 case-control studies were included in our study. All analyses were performed using the Stata version 12.0 software. Results: The IL-1RA (+2018) TC or CC variant genotypes were associated with coal workers' pneumoconiosis and silicosis risk (OR=1...
September 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
Zewei Zhou, Rong Jiang, Xiyue Yang, Huifang Guo, Shencun Fang, Yingming Zhang, Yusi Cheng, Jing Wang, Honghong Yao, Jie Chao
Rationale: Phagocytosis of silicon dioxide (SiO 2 ) into lung cells causes an inflammatory cascade that results in fibroblast proliferation and migration, followed by fibrosis. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a subclass of non-coding RNAs detected within mammalian cells; however, researchers have not determined whether circRNAs are involved in the pathophysiological process of silicosis. The upstream molecular mechanisms and functional effects on cell apoptosis, proliferation and migration were investigated to elucidate the role of circRNAs in SiO 2 -induced inflammation in pulmonary macrophages...
2018: Theranostics
Mirko Peter Neumann, María Victoria González, Ana S Pitiot, Íñigo Santamaría, Cristina Martínez, Adonina Tardón, Aurora Astudillo, Milagros Balbín
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide, with poor survival rates despite diagnostic and therapeutic advances. Markers are needed in order to improve clinical patient management and survival. TP53 is frequently involved in lung cancer development with polymorphic sites potentially having a role in it. This study aims to determine the value of codon 72 missense polymorphic variant genotyping, TP53 R72P, as a prognostic factor in NSCLC patients. METHODS: One hundred and fifteen NSCLC samples from patients exposed to tobacco smoke and silica dust from Asturias (Northern Spain) were genotyped by direct sequencing...
December 18, 2017: Cancer Biomarkers: Section A of Disease Markers
Kazuo Tsuchiya, Mikio Toyoshima, Atsuki Fukada, Daisuke Akahori, Kazuhito Funai, Takafumi Suda
A 63-year-old man with occupational exposure to silica presented with cutaneous ulcer, pleuritic pain, and a fever. Laboratory data showed lymphopenia and positive serum antinuclear and anti-DNA antibodies. Computed tomography of the chest showed egg shell-like calcification of the hilar and mediastinal lymph nodes without pulmonary parenchymal involvement of silicosis. A surgical biopsy showed silicotic nodules with surrounding infiltration of lymphocytes and plasma cells in the parietal pleura. With a diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), systemic corticosteroid therapy was given, which led to the resolution of symptoms and laboratory abnormalities...
December 27, 2017: Internal Medicine
Xiang Li, Xiaopei Yan, Yanli Wang, Jingjing Wang, Fang Zhou, Hong Wang, Weiping Xie, Hui Kong
Silicosis is an incurable and progressive lung disease characterized by chronic inflammation and fibroblasts accumulation. Studies have indicated a vital role for epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in fibroblasts accumulation. NLRP3 inflammasome is a critical mediator of inflammation in response to a wide range of stimuli (including silica particles), and plays an important role in many respiratory diseases. However, whether NLRP3 inflammasome regulates silica-induced EMT remains unknown. Our results showed that silica induced EMT in human bronchial epithelial cells (16HBE cells) in a dose- and time-dependent manner...
December 16, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
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