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serum dnase1

George E Fragoulis, Aigli G Vakrakou, Anna Papadopoulou, Anastasios Germenis, Emmanouel Kanavakis, Haralampos M Moutsopoulos, Menelaos N Manoussakis
Aberrant removal of necrotic debris is considered a feature with inflammatory consequences in SLE. Herein, primary Sjögren's syndrome (SS) patients were investigated for the first time for the capacity of their sera to degrade secondary necrotic cell remnants (SNEC) and DNA (endonuclease DNase1 activity), as well as for uptake of SNEC by blood-borne phagocytes. For comparison, specimens from unselected SLE and RA patients and from healthy blood donors (HBD) were also studied. Compared to HBD, the sera from SS and SLE patients studied (but not RA) were found to exhibit significantly impaired capacity for degradation of SNEC (both for p = 0...
January 2015: Journal of Autoimmunity
Angharad R Morgan, Wen-Jiun Lam, Dug-Yeo Han, Alan G Fraser, Lynnette R Ferguson
DNase1 has been implicated in a number of immune disorders and is an excellent candidate gene for Crohn's disease (CD). We investigated whether DNase1 SNPs rs1053874 and rs8176938 were associated with CD in a well-characterized New Zealand dataset consisting of 447 cases and 716 controls. Furthermore, we measured serum DNase1 activity levels in a number of CD patients and controls. We did not find any evidence of association for either DNase1 genetic variation or DNase1 activity levels with CD. The lack of association indicates that DNase1 does not play a significant role in predisposing to CD in the New Zealand population...
2012: ISRN Gastroenterology
Junko Fujihara, Misuzu Ueki, Toshihiro Yasuda, Reiko Iida, Mikiko Soejima, Yoshiro Koda, Kaori Kimura-Kataoka, Hideaki Kato, Arturo Panduro, Miki Tongu, Haruo Takeshita
The single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the human DNase I gene (DNASE1) might be involved in susceptibility to some common diseases; however, only limited population data are available. Further, the effects of these SNPs on in vivo DNase I activity remain unknown. The genotype and haplotype of all the SNPs in DNASE1 were determined in 3 ethnic groups including 14 populations using newly developed methods. Together with our previous data on the nonsynonymous SNPs, two major haplotypes based on the five exonic SNPs were identified; genetic diversity in the Asian population was low...
April 2011: DNA and Cell Biology
Svetlana N Zykova, Anders A Tveita, Ole Petter Rekvig
BACKGROUND: Deposition of chromatin-IgG complexes within glomerular membranes is a key event in the pathogenesis of lupus nephritis. We recently reported an acquired loss of renal Dnase1 expression linked to transformation from mild to severe membranoproliferative lupus nephritis in (NZBxNZW)F1 mice. As this may represent a basic mechanism in the progression of lupus nephritis, several aspects of Dnase1 expression in lupus nephritis were analyzed. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Total nuclease activity and Dnase1 expression and activity was evaluated using in situ and in vitro analyses of kidneys and sera from (NZBxNZW)F1 mice of different ages, and from age-matched healthy controls...
2010: PloS One
Abdul Hakkim, Barbara G Fürnrohr, Kerstin Amann, Britta Laube, Ulrike Abu Abed, Volker Brinkmann, Martin Herrmann, Reinhard E Voll, Arturo Zychlinsky
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease in which patients develop autoantibodies to DNA, histones, and often to neutrophil proteins. These form immune complexes that are pathogenic and may cause lupus nephritis. In SLE patients, infections can initiate flares and are a major cause of mortality. Neutrophils respond to infections and release extracellular traps (NETs), which are antimicrobial and are made of DNA, histones, and neutrophil proteins. The timely removal of NETs may be crucial for tissue homeostasis to avoid presentation of self-antigens...
May 25, 2010: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Toshihiro Yasuda, Misuzu Ueki, Haruo Takeshita, Junko Fujihara, Kaori Kimura-Kataoka, Reiko Iida, Etsuko Tsubota, Mikiko Soejima, Yoshiro Koda, Hideaki Kato, Arturo Panduro
A reduction of deoxyribonuclease I (DNase I) activity levels in the serum of patients with autoimmune diseases has been reported. The objectives of this study were to clarify genetic and biochemical aspects of 12 non-synonymous SNPs in the human gene (DNASE1), potentially giving rise to an alteration in the in vivo DNase I activity levels. Genotyping of all the non-synonymous SNPs was performed in healthy subjects of three ethnic groups including 15 populations using newly developed methods. Among them, only four SNPs, R-21S, Y95S, G105R, and Q222R were polymorphic in all or some populations; Asian group showed a relatively low genetic diversity of these SNPs...
July 2010: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Fernando Martinez-Valle, Eva Balada, Josep Ordi-Ros, Segundo Bujan-Rivas, Agustin Sellas-Fernandez, Miquel Vilardell-Tarres
The objective of the study is to determine whether the activity of DNase1 is associated to the presence of nephropathy in patients with SLE. Forty-five patients affected with SLE and renal involvement were analyzed. The type of renal involvement was type III or IV glomerulonephritis. At least two serum samples were withdrawn from each patient, one obtained in a renal flare and the other obtained in a period of clinical stability. C3 and C4 complement levels and anti-DNA antibodies were determined. DNase1 activity was measured using a radial enzyme-diffusion method...
November 2010: Rheumatology International
Natalya Seredkina, Svetlana N Zykova, Ole P Rekvig
The accumulation of apoptotic cells has been suggested as a possible mechanism of nucleosome conversion into self-antigens that may both initiate autoimmune responses and participate in immune complex deposition in lupus nephritis. In this study, we analyzed both the rate of transcription of apoptosis-related genes and the presence of activated apoptotic factors within kidneys of lupus-prone (NZBxNZW) F1 mice during disease progression. The results of this study demonstrated no activation of apoptotic pathways in kidneys of these lupus-prone mice at the time of appearance of anti-double standard DNA antibodies in serum, as well as the formation of mesangial immune deposits in glomeruli...
July 2009: American Journal of Pathology
Markus Napirei, Sebastian Ludwig, Jamal Mezrhab, Thomas Klöckl, Hans G Mannherz
DNase1 is regarded as the major serum nuclease; however, a systematic investigation into the presence of additional serum nuclease activities is lacking. We have demonstrated directly that serum contains DNase1-like 3 (DNase1l3) in addition to DNase1 by an improved denaturing SDS-PAGE zymography method and anti-murine DNase1l3 immunoblotting. Using DNA degradation assays, we compared the activities of recombinant murine DNase1 and DNase1l3 (rmDNase1, rmDNase1l3) with the serum of wild-type and DNase1 knockout mice...
February 2009: FEBS Journal
Manuela Dittmar, Christian Bischofs, Nina Matheis, Robert Poppe, George J Kahaly
A deficiency in the DNase enzyme, and thereby, a failure to remove DNA from nuclear antigens promotes disease susceptibility to autoimmune disorders. This study examined in patients with autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) whether a reduced DNase activity is associated with sequence variations in the DNASE1 gene. The study included 18 patients with AITD, their 10 relatives, and 111 unrelated healthy controls. Serum DNase activity was determined with a validated, standardized enzyme-linked-immunosorbent assay...
February 2009: Journal of Autoimmunity
Sebastian Ludwig, Hans Georg Mannherz, Sabrina Schmitt, Michael Schäffer, Hanswalter Zentgraf, Markus Napirei
Reduction of serum DNASE1 (DNase I) activity is supposed to aggravate anti-nuclear autoimmunity, i.e. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) in man and mice. To evaluate the etiology of this reduction, more information is needed about the source(s) and regulation of serum DNASE1. In this work we used male C57BL/6 wild-type (WT) mice to verify that serum Dnase1 activity partly depends on hepatic Dnase1 gene expression. Thus serum and liver Dnase1 activity showed a parallel oscillatory course during 24h, which was accompanied by a phase-shifted fluctuation of the hepatic Dnase1 mRNA content...
May 2009: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
H Miyagawa, M Yamai, D Sakaguchi, C Kiyohara, H Tsukamoto, Y Kimoto, T Nakamura, J-H Lee, C-Y Tsai, B-L Chiang, T Shimoda, M Harada, T Tahira, K Hayashi, T Horiuchi
OBJECTIVE: Identification of the genes responsible for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: All the exons and putative promoter regions of 53 candidate genes (TNFRSF6/Fas, TNFSF6/FasL, Fli1, TNFSF10/TRAIL, TNFSF12/TWEAK, Bcl-2, PTEN, FADD, TRADD, CDKN1A, TNFRSF1A/TNFR1, TNFRSF4/OX40, TNFSF4/OX40L, TNFSF5/CD40L, TNFSF13B/BAFF, ICOS, CTLA4, CD28, FYN, G2A, CR2, PTPRC/CD45, CD22, CD19, Lyn, PDCD1, PTPN6, TGFB1, TGFB2, TGFB3, TGFBR1, TGFBR2, TGFBR3, CD3Z, DNASE1, APCS, MERTK, C3, C1QA, C1QB, C1QG, C2, MBL2, IGHM, IL-2, IL-4, IL-10, IFNG, TNFA, MAN2A1, TNFRSF11A/RANK, TNFRSF11B/OPG, TNFSF11/OPGL) were screened for single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and their association with SLE was assessed by case-control studies...
February 2008: Rheumatology
Yoshihiko Kominato, Reiko Iida, Tamiko Nakajima, Yutaka Tajima, Rie Takagi, Chikako Makita, Koichiro Kishi, Misuzu Ueki, Yasuyuki Kawai, Toshihiro Yasuda
We have previously demonstrated that ischemia caused by acute myocardial infarction induces an abrupt increase of serum deoxyribonuclease I (DNase I) activity. In this study, we examined whether hypoxia can affect the levels of DNase I activity and/or its transcripts in vitro. We first exposed the human pancreatic cancer cell line QGP-1, which is the first documented DNase-I-producing cell line, to hypoxia (2% O2), and found that this induced a significant increase in both the activity and transcripts of DNase I...
November 2007: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Monika Jacob, Hans Georg Mannherz, Markus Napirei
We analyzed in male wild-type (WT) and Dnase1 knockout (KO) CD-1 mice after acetaminophen (APAP)-intoxication the hepatolobular distribution of APAP-adducts in relation to DNA-damage by terminal deoxyribonucleotidyl-transferase dUTP nick end-labeling (TUNEL), the ultrastructural alterations of hepatocellular morphology and the intracellular localization of Dnase1. Treatment of WT-mice with 600 mg/kg APAP led to extensive pericentral necrosis. Electron microscopy (EM) demonstrated vesiculation of the rough endoplasmatic reticulum and swelling of mitochondria...
July 2007: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
Abdelnaby Khalyfa, Timothy Chlon, He Qiang, Neeraj Agarwal, Nigel G F Cooper
PURPOSE: Glaucoma is a progressive eye disease that leads to blindness due to loss of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs). There are difficulties in using primary cultures of purified RGC to study this pathophysiology. RGC-5, a transformed not RGC line, expresses several markers characteristic of the RGCs. The aim of this study was to generate a genome-wide gene expression of RGC-5 following serum deprivation and to identify candidate genes that may be involved in the signal transduction pathways...
2007: Molecular Vision
Junko Fujihara, Hisakazu Takatsuka, Kaori Kataoka, Yuing Xue, Haruo Takeshita
Deoxyribonuclease I (DNase I) plays important roles for DNA fragmentation and degradation during programmed cell death. The single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) at DNase I, designated as DNASE1, in exon 8 (A2317G) is considered to be one of the susceptibility genes for gastric and colorectal carcinoma and myocardial infarction. Recent research has shown the presence of a novel 56-bp variable number of tandem repeat (VNTR) polymorphism in intron 4 at DNase I, designated as HumDN1. In the present study, DNASE1 and HumDN1polymorphisms and serum DNase I activities in each different genotype were investigated in 137 Japanese populations...
September 2007: Legal Medicine
Teruhiko Kumamoto, Yasuyuki Kawai, Kenichiro Arakawa, Norihiro Morikawa, Jun Kuribara, Hiroshi Tada, Koichi Taniguchi, Ryozo Tatami, Isamu Miyamori, Yoshihiko Kominato, Koichiro Kishi, Toshihiro Yasuda
AIMS: We have recently reported that serum deoxyribonuclease I (DNase I) activity, which may be involved in apoptosis, increases abruptly in the early phase of acute myocardial infarction (MI) [Kawai Y, Yoshida M, Arakawa K, Kumamoto T, Morikawa N, Masamura K, Tada H, Ito S, Hoshizaki H, Oshima S, Taniguchi K, Terasawa H, Miyamori I, Kishi K, Yasuda T. Diagnostic use of serum deoxyribonuclease I activity as a novel early-phase marker in acute myocardial infarction. Circulation 2004;109:2398-2400]...
September 2006: European Heart Journal
Markus Napirei, Swantje Wulf, Dirk Eulitz, Hans Georg Mannherz, Thomas Kloeckl
Deoxyribonuclease 1 (DNASE1, DNase I) and deoxyribonuclease 1-like 3 (DNASE1L3, DNase gamma, DNase Y, LS-DNase) are members of a DNASE1 protein family that is defined by similar biochemical properties such as Ca2+/Mg2+-dependency and an optimal pH of about 7.0 as well as by a high similarity in their nucleic acid and amino acid sequences. In the present study we describe the recombinant expression of rat Dnase1 and murine Dnase1l3 as fusion proteins tagged by their C-terminus to green fluorescent protein in NIH-3T3 fibroblasts and bovine lens epithelial cells...
July 15, 2005: Biochemical Journal
Alexei G Basnakian, Eugene O Apostolov, Xiaoyan Yin, Markus Napirei, Hans Georg Mannherz, Sudhir V Shah
Cisplatin is commonly used for chemotherapy in a wide variety of tumors; however, its use is limited by kidney toxicity. Although the exact mechanism of cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity is not understood, several studies showed that it is associated with DNA fragmentation induced by an unknown endonuclease. It was demonstrated previously that deoxyribonuclease I (DNase I) is a highly active renal endonuclease, and its silencing by antisense is cytoprotective against the in vitro hypoxia injury of kidney tubular epithelial cells...
March 2005: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
Markus Napirei, Swantje Wulf, Hans Georg Mannherz
OBJECTIVE: Dnase1-deficient mice with the 129 x C57BL/6 genetic background develop symptoms of systemic lupus erythematosus, such as high titers of antinuclear autoantibodies directed against nucleosomes. In this study we analyzed a potential molecular pathomechanism leading to this autoimmunity, by exploring the influence of extracellular Dnase1 present in serum on the breakdown of chromatin in necrotic cells in vitro. METHODS: Human breast adenocarcinoma cells (MCF-7) and other cell lines were subjected to necrosis induced by hydrogen peroxide, streptolysin O, or freeze-thawing...
June 2004: Arthritis and Rheumatism
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