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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356251/dedifferentiated-fat-dfat-cells-a-cell-source-for-oral-and-maxillofacial-tissue-engineering
#1
Naotaka Kishimoto, Yoshitomo Honda, Yoshihiro Momota, Simon D Tran
Tissue engineering is a promising method for the regeneration of oral and maxillofacial tissues. Proper selection of a cell source is important for the desired application. This review describes the discovery and usefulness of Dedifferentiated Fat (DFAT) cells as a cell source for tissue engineering. DFAT cells are a highly homogeneous cell population (high purity), highly proliferative, and possess a multilineage potential for differentiation into various cell types under proper in vitro inducing conditions and in vivo...
January 21, 2018: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355959/optimized-thoracoport-design-for-the-thoracoscopic-procedure-during-minimally-invasive-esophagectomy
#2
Yunke Zhu, Xiaolong Zhang, Yang Hu, Lunxu Liu
Minimally invasive esophagectomy has several benefits as an effective alternative treatment for esophageal cancer. The three-phase esophageal resection may be the most popular approach to esophagectomy. Numerous thoracoport designs are available for the thoracoscopic procedure. The present study aims to contribute a distinctive three-port technique that is designed to minimize surgical trauma and facilitate operation during the thoracoscopic procedure. In this paper, we describe and demonstrate the details of the port design and each operation step...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355572/revisiting-ureterosigmoidostomy-a-useful-technique-of-urinary-diversion-in-functional-urology
#3
REVIEW
Mikolaj Przydacz, Jacques Corcos
Ureterosigmoidostomy has largely been disregarded in recent times but has now seen a resurgence of interest because of its potential applicability to newer, minimally-invasive surgical techniques. The advantages of ureterosigmoidostomy over intestinal conduits are urinary continence (obviating the need for stoma and external appliances), ease and rapidity of performance as well as acceptance by patients. Ureterosigmoidostomy has been characterized by good continence outcomes and it offers good quality of life...
January 17, 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355455/biologic-therapies-to-enhance-intervertebral-disc-repair
#4
Eduardo Anitua, Sabino Padilla
Degenerative disc disease is a progressive, chronic disorder with strong association to pain, where the dysregulated tissue environment signals disc cells, thereby leading to a low inflammatory process and slow extracellular matrix degradation and fibrosis in a perpetual vicious cycle, generating a structural and functional failure of intervertebral disc joint (IVDJ). Among current biologic therapies, there is an emerging minimally invasive strategy that consists of infiltrating plasma rich in growth factors, a safe and efficacious therapeutic approach for other musculoskeletal degenerative conditions...
January 22, 2018: Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355428/silver-fluoride-as-a-treatment-for-dental-caries
#5
J A Horst
Medical management of caries is a distinct treatment philosophy that employs topical minimally invasive therapies that treat the disease and is not merely prevention. This strategy is justified as an alternative or supplement to traditional care by significant disease recurrence rates following comprehensive operative treatment under general anesthesia. Silver diamine fluoride (SDF) is one agent to enable effective noninvasive treatment. The announcement of breakthrough therapy designation by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) suggests that SDF may become the first FDA-approved drug for treating caries...
February 2018: Advances in Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354905/-advancement-of-minimally-invasive-esophagectomy
#6
Yue Zhao, Yousheng Mao
Esophageal cancer is one of the most common malignant digestive system cancers in China, which has high incidence and mortality. Nowadays, surgery remains the most important part of the comprehensive treatments. Conventional open esophagectomies are highly traumatic with high morbidity, while minimally invasive esophagectomy has been increasingly used with the development of surgical instruments and techniques in recent years. Compared with conventional open esophagectomy(OE), what are the advantages of minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) and which is preferable? This review briefly introduces the developing history of MIE and common procedures...
January 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354894/-2017-hotspots-review-and-future-prospects-of-abdominal-wall-and-hernia-surgery
#7
Shuang Chen, Taicheng Zhou
Hernia and abdominal surgery keeps moving forward rapidly In 2017, lots of progress were achieved in etiology, material, and surgical technique. In etiology, TTN gene missense mutation was found in family members of indirect inguinal hernia. In material, a long-term slow-absorptive patch was present leading to a good choice of hernia therapy; application of 3D print for individual patch repair was expected. In surgical technique, efficacy of laparoscopic minimal invasive procedure or MILOS and eMILOS procedures was satisfactory in the treatment of complicated incisional hernia; tissue separation, patch placement and abdominal wall reconstruction by robotic surgery resulted in bigger operative space, faster postoperative recovery and lower morbidity of infection and seroma at operative site...
January 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354893/-review-of-clinical-investigation-in-minimally-invasive-gastrointestinal-surgery-in-2017-and-future-prospects
#8
Jing Sun, Sen Zhang, Minhua Zheng
Clinical investigation in minimally invasive gastrointestinal surgery has been developed by leaps and bounds in 2017. Standardizations of port placement, surgical approaches, lymphadenectomy, reconstruction, total laparoscopic surgery, incision-free technique, 3D laparoscope, as well as robotic surgeries, have been established. In the treatment for gastric cancer, the first-hand data of the laparoscopic technique for advanced gastric cancer will be released soon. Therefore, the research hotspots have been moved forward to lymphadenectomy, resection range, and reconstruction in laparoscopic advanced gastric cancer surgery...
January 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354892/-2017-hotspots-review-and-outlook-on-gastric-cancer-surgery-in-china
#9
Zhenggang Zhu
The 12th International Gastric Cancer Congress (12th IGCC ) was successfully held in Beijing, China on 20th-23rd April, 2017, which gave Chinese surgeons a great opportunity to share clinical progress and experience in the surgical treatment of gastric cancer with colleagues from different countries. At the end of 2017, this article hereby reviews briefly the achievements of surgical work of gastric cancer, which was done by our Chinese surgeons in this year. Some aspects will be reviewed, aiming at summarizing experience, affirming achievement, finding out the gap and promoting improvement in the future...
January 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354757/obstructed-spinopelvic-fixation-in-the-setting-of-a-triangular-titanium-sacroiliac-fusion-implant-a-case-description
#10
Joseph L Laratta, James D Lin, Jamal N Shillingford, Nathan E Hardy, Hemant Reddy, Ronald A Lehman
Achieving lumbosacral fusion through spinopelvic fixation is an important and challenging aspect of spinal deformity surgery. Numerous instrumentation techniques are available, with iliac screws and S2-alar-iliac (SRAI) screws being most commonly used today. However, the increasing popularity of minimally invasive sacroiliac (SI) fusion as a common procedure performed for SI joint pain presents a distinct challenge in complex adult deformity cases requiring iliac screw fixation. We report a case of a 71-year-old female with a longstanding history of spinal deformity status-post T11-L5 fusion and a subsequent right-sided SI joint fusion who presented with sagittal imbalance...
December 2017: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354745/percutaneous-screw-placement-in-the-lumbar-spine-with-a-modified-guidance-technique-based-on-3d-ct-navigation-system
#11
REVIEW
Ioannis D Siasios, John Pollina, Asham Khan, Vassilios George Dimopoulos
Several guidance techniques have been employed to increase accuracy and reduce surgical time during percutaneous placement of pedicle screws (PS). The purpose of our study was to present a modified technique for percutaneous placement of lumbar PS that reduces surgical time. We reviewed 23 cases of percutaneous PS placement using our technique for minimally invasive lumbar surgeries and 24 control cases where lumbar PS placement was done via common technique using Jamshidi needles (Becton, Dickinson and Company, Franklin Lakes, NJ, USA)...
December 2017: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354619/a-study-on-laparoscopic-sacral-colpopexy-for-uterine-prolapse
#12
Eun A Cho, Mi Jung Um, Suk Jin Kim, Hyuk Jung
Objectives: We sought to describe the perioperative and postoperative adverse events associated with sacral colpopexy and evaluate the surgical outcome, complications, and benefits of laparoscopic sacral fixation for patients with pelvic prolapse. Methods: Ninety-two women with uterine prolapse underwent sacral colpopexy between January 2011 and September 2016 at Chosun University Hospital. Patients' electronic medical records were investigated for demographic, intraoperative, and postoperative data...
December 2017: Journal of Menopausal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354496/the-current-status-and-clinical-value-of-circulating-tumor-cells-and-circulating-cell-free-tumor-dna-in-bladder-cancer
#13
REVIEW
Sabine Riethdorf, Armin Soave, Michael Rink
Urothelial carcinoma of the bladder (UCB) is a complex disease, which is associated with highly aggressive tumor biologic behavior, especially in patients with muscle-invasive and advanced tumors. Despite multimodal therapy options including surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy, UCB patients frequently suffer from poor clinical outcome. Indeed, the potential of diverse opportunities for modern targeted therapies is not sufficiently elucidated in UCB yet. To improve the suboptimal treatment situation in UCB, biomarkers are urgently needed that help detecting minimal residual disease (MRD), predicting therapy response and subsequently prognosis as well as enabling patient stratification for further therapies and therapy monitoring, respectively...
December 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354480/an-all-arthroscopic-length-tensioned-suprapectoral-biceps-tenodesis-technique
#14
Allison J Rao, Eamon Bernardoni, Nikhil Verma, Scott Trenhaile
Biceps tenodesis remains a popular choice for treating anterior shoulder pain in the setting of primary biceps tendinitis or biceps pain due to concomitant glenohumeral joint pathology. A variety of surgical approaches and fixation construct options are available for biceps tenodesis. The advantages of an all-arthroscopic biceps tenodesis include anatomic maintenance of the length-tension relation with strength preservation and improved cosmetic results. This technique can be technically challenging but allows for a minimally invasive approach to anchor the biceps...
October 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354470/posterior-capsulotomy-of-the-knee-treatment-of-minimal-knee-extension-deficit
#15
João Luiz Ellera Gomes, Murilo Anderson Leie, Arthur de Freitas Soares, Márcio Balbinotti Ferrari, George Sánchez
The loss of knee extension, even if minimal, is disabling and considerably affects the individual's quality of life. This loss of extension can be a consequence of prior surgery, including a previous anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Although this loss of extension may be treated through an isolated arthroscopic procedure, a more severe case may warrant an invasive approach. In these cases, a posterior capsulotomy of the knee may be done if all conservative measures have been exhausted. This procedure has been proven to be safe and effective in the re-establishment of full extension in the setting of a minor flexion contracture of the knee...
October 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354469/arthroscopic-primary-anterior-cruciate-ligament-repair-with-suture-augmentation
#16
Jelle P van der List, Gregory S DiFelice
Historically, poor results of open primary repair of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries have been reported. In hindsight, however, appropriate patient selection (i.e. proximal tears and good tissue quality) was not performed, because it has recently been recognized that good outcomes of primary ACL repair are possible when selectively performed in patients with proximal tears and good tissue quality. Moreover, with modern-day advances, arthroscopic primary repair can be an excellent treatment option for patients with proximal tears...
October 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354464/arthroscopic-arthrodesis-of-the-lesser-ray-tarsometatarsal-joints-2-portal-technique
#17
Tun Hing Lui
Tarsometatarsal (Lisfranc) destruction of the tarsometatarsal articulation of the lesser rays is most commonly due to midfoot Charcot neuroarthropathy. Tarsometatarsal arthrodesis is indicated when conservative management cannot relieve the symptoms. The purpose of this Technical Note is to describe a minimally invasive approach of arthroscopic arthrodesis of the destructed lesser ray tarsometatarsal joints. The arthroscopic procedure is performed through the lateral and P1-2 Lisfranc portals. It has the advantages of better cosmesis, less wound complication, less bone resection, and more thorough joint debridement...
October 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354461/endoscopic-ganglionectomy-of-the-volar-radial-wrist-ganglion
#18
Tun Hing Lui
Volar ganglion cyst of the wrist is a common hand problem faced by orthopaedic surgeons. Excision is indicated if it is painful. Arthroscopic ganglionectomy of the wrist ganglion has been reported with the advantage of minimally invasive surgery. Most of them involve elimination of the valvular mechanism and internal drainage of the ganglion fluid to the wrist joint. The access of the ganglion sac is limited especially for a multiloculated cyst. The purpose of this Technical Note is to report the technique of endoscopic resection of the volar radial wrist ganglion...
October 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354456/endoscopic-anterior-subcutaneous-transposition-of-the-ulnar-nerve
#19
Tun Hing Lui
Cubital tunnel syndrome refers to ulnar nerve compressive neuropathy and most commonly occurs at the level of the elbow. Surgical options include in situ decompression, decompression with anterior transposition of the ulnar nerve, and medial epicondylectomy with or without decompression. With the advancement of endoscopic surgery, techniques of endoscopic in situ decompression of the ulnar nerve, endoscopy-assisted anterior transposition, and endoscopic anterior transposition of the ulnar nerve have been reported with the advantage of minimally invasive surgery...
August 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354443/endoscopic-curettage-of-bone-cyst-of-the-fibular-head
#20
Tun Hing Lui
Open resection of cystic or other benign intramedullary lesions of the fibular head and neck requires dissection and mobilization of the common peroneal nerve. The purpose of this Technical Note is to describe a minimally invasive approach of fibular head bone endoscopy for resection of a bone cyst or other benign intramedullary lesions of the fibular head and neck. The common peroneal nerve, biceps femoris tendon, and lateral collateral ligament are preserved.
August 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
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