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Weight managment diet

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538532/identification-and-management-of-obese-patients-in-a-pediatric-orthopaedic-clinic
#1
Natalia Davila, Joy Vess, Emily E Johnson
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is a complex healthcare problem that affects all aspects of a child's health. The American Academy of Pediatrics and the Expert Committee recommends that all children be evaluated for current medical conditions including the risk for obesity by identifying elevated body mass index (BMI), physical activity habits, and diet. Childhood obesity is defined as a BMI of 95th percentile or greater on standardized age-based growth charts. Abdominal and visceral fat mass has a negative effect on bone formation during childhood and adolescence...
May 2017: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538421/malnutrition-is-associated-with-hiv-infection-in-children-less-than-5-years-in-bobo-dioulasso-city-burkina-faso-a-case-control-study
#2
Ghislain Gnimbar Poda, Chien-Yeh Hsu, Jane C-J Chao
Pediatric human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and malnutrition are still 2 major health issues in sub-Saharan Africa including Burkina Faso where few studies have been conducted on child malnutrition and HIV infection. This study assessed the effects of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in HIV infection and also compared the prevalence of malnutrition in terms of an inadequate diet, underweight, stunting, and wasting among HIV-infected and uninfected children less than 5 years in Bobo-Dioulasso city, Burkina Faso...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530142/a-targeted-self-management-approach-for-reducing-stroke-risk-factors-in-african-american-men-who-have-had-a-stroke-or-transient-ischemic-attack
#3
Martha Sajatovic, Curtis Tatsuoka, Elisabeth Welter, Kari Colon-Zimmermann, Carol Blixen, Adam T Perzynski, Shelly Amato, Jamie Cage, Johnny Sams, Shirley M Moore, Svetlana Pundik, Sophia Sundararajan, Charles Modlin, Cathy Sila
PURPOSE: This study compared a novel self-management (TargetEd MAnageMent Intervention [TEAM]) versus treatment as usual (TAU) to reduce stroke risk in African American (AA) men. DESIGN: Six-month prospective randomized controlled trial with outcomes evaluated at baseline, 3 months, and 6 months. SETTING: Academic health center. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-eight (age < 65) AA men who had a stroke or transient ischemic attack and a Barthel index score of >60 were randomly assigned to TEAM (n = 19) or TAU (n = 19)...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529114/perceptions-of-healthy-eating-amongst-indian-adolescents-in-india-and-canada
#4
Natasha Correa, Divya Rajaraman, Sumathi Swaminathan, Mario Vaz, K G Jayachitra, Scott A Lear, Zubin Punthakee
INTRODUCTION: Dietary patterns have contributed to the rising prevalence of overweight and obesity among Indian adolescents. Yet there are limited studies on their perspectives on healthy eating. The purpose of this study was to understand perceptions and attitudes of Indian-origin adolescents in India and Canada that may contribute to healthy eating behaviour. METHODS: Qualitative data collection and analysis of 13 focus group discussions (FGD) was conducted among 34 boys and 39 girls (total number of participants: 73) of different weight and socioeconomic status (SES) in rural and urban India, and urban Canada aged 11-18 years...
May 18, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526499/gastric-conduit-revision-postesophagectomy-management-for-a-rare-complication
#5
Jessica Yu Rove, A Sasha Krupnick, Frank A Baciewicz, Bryan F Meyers
OBJECTIVE: Severe postesophagectomy gastric conduit dysfunction refractory to standard endoscopic intervention is rare, with few published reports discussing timing, technique, or results of reoperation. This case series examines assessment and management of severe conduit dysfunction and details techniques for conduit revision. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent esophagectomy between September 2008 and October 2015 and studied patients who underwent conduit revision...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525522/cardiovascular-disease-in-korean-americans-a-systematic-review
#6
Cha-Nam Shin, Colleen Keller, Kyungeh An, Jeongha Sim
BACKGROUND: Despite Korean Americans being one of the fastest growing immigrant groups in the United States, little is known about their cardiovascular health or cardiovascular disease risk factors. PURPOSE: The purpose of this report is to describe the prevalence of cardiovascular disease risks and their contributing factors in Korean Americans and recommend future directions for the development of cardiovascular disease prevention or management research to meet the unique needs of this ethnic group...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525445/priorities-and-preferences-for-weight-management-and-cardiovascular-risk-reduction-in-primary-care
#7
Lynne S Nemeth, LaShanta J Rice, Maryellen Potts, Cathy Melvin, Melanie Jefferson, Chanita Hughes-Halbert
Implementing behavioral interventions for cardiovascular risk reduction and weight management is challenging in primary care. Primary care patients and providers were recruited for qualitative interviews to identify priorities and preferences for addressing weight management. Thematic analysis was used to identify relevant resources, barriers to lifestyle modification, health behavior change, and implementation of weight management strategies into care. Patients and providers prioritized increasing physical activity and healthy diets when managing chronic disease; and reported decreased patient motivation, knowledge, and limited organizational capacity and time among providers to deliver intensive interventions...
July 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521334/lifestyle-recommendations-for-the-prevention-and-management-of-metabolic-syndrome-an-international-panel-recommendation
#8
Pablo Pérez-Martínez, Dimitri P Mikhailidis, Vasilios G Athyros, Mónica Bullo, Patrick Couture, María I Covas, Lawrence de Koning, Javier Delgado-Lista, Andrés Díaz-López, Christian A Drevon, Ramón Estruch, Katherine Esposito, Montserrat Fitó, Marta Garaulet, Dario Giugliano, Antonio García-Ríos, Niki Katsiki, Genovefa Kolovou, Benoît Lamarche, Maria Ida Maiorino, Guillermo Mena-Sánchez, Araceli Muñoz-Garach, Dragana Nikolic, José M Ordovás, Francisco Pérez-Jiménez, Manfredi Rizzo, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Helmut Schröder, Francisco J Tinahones, Rafael de la Torre, Ben van Ommen, Suzan Wopereis, Emilio Ros, José López-Miranda
The importance of metabolic syndrome (MetS) lies in its associated risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes, as well as other harmful conditions such as nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. In this report, the available scientific evidence on the associations between lifestyle changes and MetS and its components is reviewed to derive recommendations for MetS prevention and management. Weight loss through an energy-restricted diet together with increased energy expenditure through physical activity contribute to the prevention and treatment of MetS...
May 1, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514618/aerobic-or-resistance-exercise-or-both-in-dieting-obese-older-adults
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Dennis T Villareal, Lina Aguirre, A Burke Gurney, Debra L Waters, David R Sinacore, Elizabeth Colombo, Reina Armamento-Villareal, Clifford Qualls
BACKGROUND: Obesity causes frailty in older adults; however, weight loss might accelerate age-related loss of muscle and bone mass and resultant sarcopenia and osteopenia. METHODS: In this clinical trial involving 160 obese older adults, we evaluated the effectiveness of several exercise modes in reversing frailty and preventing reduction in muscle and bone mass induced by weight loss. Participants were randomly assigned to a weight-management program plus one of three exercise programs - aerobic training, resistance training, or combined aerobic and resistance training - or to a control group (no weight-management or exercise program)...
May 18, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511417/effectiveness-of-a-four-week-diet-regimen-exercise-and-psychological-intervention-for-weight-loss
#10
Tobias Weinreich, Hans-Peter Filz, Ursula Gresser, Barbara M Richartz
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is accompanied by restriction in the quality of life and an increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Cardiovascular, orthopedic, and metabolic disorders are among the possible consequences. In the management of obesity, a combination therapy that includes dietary, exercise, and behaviour modules has proven its worth. AIM: To evaluate the effect of weight-associated parameters, circulation associated parameters, glucose metabolism, body composition and life quality changes within a four-week inpatient rehabilitation program...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509408/insulin-associated-weight-gain-in-obese-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-what-can-be-done
#11
REVIEW
Adrian Brown, Nicola Guess, Anne Dornhorst, Shahrad Taheri, Gary Frost
Insulin therapy (IT) is initiated for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus when glycaemic targets are not met with diet and other hypoglycaemic agents. The initiation of IT improves glycaemic control and reduces the risk of microvascular complications. There is, however, an associated weight gain following IT, which may adversely affect diabetic and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. A 3 to 9 kg insulin associated weight gain (IAWG) is reported to occur in the first year of initiating IT, consisting predominantly of adipose tissue...
May 16, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506952/retrospective-evaluation-of-pregnant-women-with-celiac-disease
#12
Kemal Beksaç, Gökçen Örgül, Murat Çağan, Ergun Karaağaoğlu, Serap Arslan, Mehmet Sinan Beksaç
OBJECTIVE: To show celiac disease (CD) and its poor pregnancy outcome relationship, and to demonstrate the importance of a gluten-free diet together with low-dose low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) and low-dose corticosteroid (LDC) in the management of pregnancies with CD. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study consisted of 2 groups of patients. Six patients with CD (control group) on a gluten-free diet were monitored during their first pregnancies within the framework of antenatal care program and their pregnancy outcomes were compared with eight poorly-treated pregnant patients with CD (study group) who were referred from other medical institutions...
March 15, 2017: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506518/the-addition-of-peanuts-to-habitual-diets-is-associated-with-lower-consumption-of-savory-non-core-snacks-by-men-and-sweet-non-core-snacks-by-women
#13
Jayne A Barbour, Emilija Stojanovski, Lisa J Moran, Peter R C Howe, Alison M Coates
Snacking is associated with intakes of non-core foods which may predispose to obesity. Peanuts have potential satiety benefits and may assist with weight management; we hypothesized that peanut consumption would reduce intake of non-core snack foods due to compensation. We investigated the effects of adding peanuts to a habitual diet on snacking habits and energy intake. Sixty-one healthy participants (65±7years, body mass index 31±4kg/m(2)) consumed their habitual diet with or without peanuts (56g/d for 32 women, 84g/d for 29 men) for 12weeks each in a randomized crossover design...
April 20, 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494164/effects-of-enhancing-vitamin-d-status-by-25-hydroxycholecalciferol-supplementation-alone-or-in-combination-with-calcium-and-phosphorus-on-sternum-mineralisation-and-breast-meat-quality-in-broilers
#14
M Bozkurt, S Yalçin, B Koçer, A E Tüzün, H Akşit, S Özkan, M Uygun, G Ege, G Güven, O Yildiz
1. The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of improving vitamin D status in broiler diets by supplementary 25OHD3, alone or in combination with calcium (Ca) and available phosphorus (aP), on live performance, sternum mineralisation and breast meat quality in broilers. 2. A total of 936 1-d-old Ross 308 broilers were used in the study. After gender determination at the hatchery, chicks from each sex were randomly distributed into three dietary treatments. The following dietary treatments were used in the experiment from d old to 38 d: 1) A control diet formulated to meet all of the nutrient requirements of broiler chicks according to the management guide; 2) The control diet supplemented with 15% 25OHD3 and 3) The control diet supplemented with 15% 25OHD3 plus Ca+aP...
May 11, 2017: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493374/polyphenols-and-their-role-in-obesity-management-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#15
REVIEW
Grace Farhat, Sandra Drummond, Emad A S Al-Dujaili
Polyphenols have been suggested to reduce body weight and modify body composition through different mechanisms. These effects have been extensively studied in animals and in vitro and to a lesser extent in humans. The aim of this review is to consider the association between polyphenols and body weight status by focusing on human intervention studies. We conducted a systematic literature search in MEDLINE (via EBSCOhost), ProQuest CENTRAL, and Cochrane CENTRAL without time restrictions. Randomized controlled trials assessing the effect of polyphenols on weight and/or body composition in the overweight and/or obese population were included...
May 11, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490244/-investigating-the-efficacy-of-nutrition-therapy-for-outpatients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#16
Andrea Molnár, Ágnes Anna Csontos, Sarolta Dakó, Rita Hencz, Dániel Áron Anton, Erzsébet Pálfi, Pál Miheller
INTRODUCTION: Inflammatory bowel diseases can cause malnutrition (due to inflammatory cytokine production, catabolic states after surgery, restricted diet), which is difficult to treat by nutritional therapy. AIM: Investigating the efficacy of nutrition therapy. METHOD: Combined malnutrition risk screening (questionnaires and body composition analysis), at the beginning of the research and after a 1 year period. RESULTS: 205 patients were screened, 82 were malnourished...
May 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489673/systematic-review-nutrition-and-physical-activity-in-the-management-of-paediatric-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#17
Philippa S Gibson, Sarah Lang, Anil Dhawan, Emer Fitzpatrick, Michelle L Blumfield, Helen Truby, Kathryn H Hart, J Bernadette Moore
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate efficacy of nutrition and physical activity interventions in the clinical management of paediatric non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The prevalence of paediatric NAFLD continues to rise alongside childhood obesity. Weight loss through lifestyle modification is currently first-line treatment, although supplementation of specific dietary components may be beneficial. METHODS: Medline, CINAHL, EMBASE, Scopus and Cochrane Libraries were systematically searched to identify randomised controlled trials (RCTs) assessing nutritional and physical activity interventions...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486426/a-low-glycaemic-index-diet-incorporating-isomaltulose-is-associated-with-lower-glycaemic-response-and-variability-and-promotes-fat-oxidation-in-asians
#18
Christiani Jeyakumar Henry, Bhupinder Kaur, Rina Yu Chin Quek, Stefan Gerardus Camps
Low glycaemic index (GI) foods minimize large blood glucose fluctuations and have been advocated to enhance fat oxidation and may contribute to weight management. We determined whether the inclusion of isomaltulose compared to sucrose in a low/high GI meal sequence can modulate the glycaemic response and substrate oxidation in an Asian population. Twenty Chinese men (body mass index (BMI): 17-28 kg/m²) followed a 24 h low GI (isomaltulose, Palatinose(TM)) or high GI (sucrose) diet in a randomized double-blind, controlled cross-over design...
May 9, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485680/is-the-calorie-concept-a-real-solution-to-the-obesity-epidemic
#19
Salvador Camacho, Andreas Ruppel
BACKGROUND: The obesity epidemic has been growing steadily across the whole world, and so far not a single country has been able to reverse it. The cause of obesity is stated by the World Health Organization as an energy imbalance between calories consumed and calories expended. However, growing evidence suggests that the calorie imbalance concept may not be sufficient to manage and reverse the obesity epidemic. OBJECTIVE: To discuss the use of the calorie imbalance concept and its elements as a tool for weight management as well as its possible negative consequences and implications for public health, with the aim to point toward the need of an updated concept for causes of obesity...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482007/molecular-biomarkers-for-weight-control-in-obese-individuals-subjected-to-a-multi-phase-dietary-intervention
#20
Jennifer Bolton, Emilie Montastier, Jérôme Carayol, Sophie Bonnel, Lucile Mir, Marie-Adeline Marques, Arne Astrup, Wim Saris, Jason Iacovoni, Nathalie Villa-Vialaneix, Armand Valsesia, Dominique Langin, Nathalie Viguerie
Context: While calorie restriction has proven beneficial for weight loss, long-term weight control is variable between individuals. Objective: To identify biomarkers of successful weight control during a dietary intervention (DI). Design, Setting, and Participants: Adipose tissue (AT) transcriptomes were compared between 21 obese individuals that either maintained weight loss or regained weight during the DI. Results were validated on 310 individuals from the same study using RT-qPCR, and protein levels of potential circulating biomarkers measured by ELISA...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
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