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Weight managment diet

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353281/the-effectiveness-of-dietary-approaches-to-stop-hypertension-diet-intervention-in-persons-with-arterial-hypertension-and-obesity-a-key-role-of-the-patients-personality-profile
#1
Alicja Kucharska, Mariusz Jaworski, Mariusz Panczyk, Magdalena Pilska, Danuta Gajewska, Joanna Niegowska
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Benefits resulting from weight loss and dietary approaches to stop hypertension (DASH) diet in the treatment of arterial hypertension led to a search for a better therapy that would include psychological factors. The present study aimed to assess the relationship between the personality traits included in the Big Five personality traits and the effectiveness of treatment for weight loss in patients with essential hypertension and excessive body weight. METHODS: The study involved 84 patients with essential hypertension, overweight or obesity, managed by a hypertensiologist...
January 19, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351811/rate-and-determinants-of-non-adherence-to-a-gluten-free-diet-and-nutritional-status-assessment-in-children-and-adolescents-with-celiac-disease-in-a-tertiary-brazilian-referral-center-a-cross-sectional-and-retrospective-study
#2
Maraci Rodrigues, Glauce Hiromi Yonaminez, Carla Aline Satiro
BACKGROUND: Compliance with a gluten-free diet (GFD) is difficult at all ages but particularly for teenagers due to social, cultural, economic, and practical pressures. The multidisciplinary team responsible for the treatment of patients with celiac disease and give support to their parents plays a special role on strengthening GFD and assessing the nutritional and physical health. METHODS: A cross-sectional and retrospective study including patients under 20 years of age, with biopsy-confirmed CD, followed regularly at the Department of Pediatrics, Division of Gastroenterology, Hospital das Clínicas, University of Sao Paulo, School of Medicine, Sao Paulo, Brazil, were surveyed using a questionnaire and serologic test applied between November 2011 and February 2012...
January 19, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345123/the-effects-of-lifestyle-changes-on-serum-lipid-levels-in-children-in-a-real-life-setting
#3
Angeline D Opina, Constance Cephus, Yunfei Wang, Samuel Younan, Douglas Moodie
OBJECTIVE: Studies have shown improvement in lipid levels after institution of lifestyle changes in children enrolled in closely monitored programs. There programs are difficult to mimic in real world clinics. We aim to determine if diet and exercise result in improvement in lipid levels in patients seen in a designated lipid clinic in a real life setting. DESIGN: Retrospective review of patients followed for dyslipidemia at the Texas Children's Hospital Lipid Clinic from May 1, 2012 to May 1, 2015...
January 18, 2018: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338568/lactoferrin-plus-health-education-versus-total-dose-infusion-tdi-of-low-molecular-weight-lmw-iron-dextran-for-treating-iron-deficiency-anemia-ida-in-pregnancy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
A M Darwish, Fouly Ha, W H Saied, E Farah
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is one of the most common medical disorder disturbing pregnancies particularly in low resources countries, and contributes significantly to morbidities and mortalities. Thus, early diagnosis and prompt management of IDA is highly recommended. AIM: To Test the efficacy and safety of oral lactoferrin plus health education provided by a nurse versus total dose infusion (TDI) of low-molecular weight (LMW) iron dextran for treating IDA in the second and third trimester of pregnancy...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334983/an-individually-tailored-family-centered-intervention-for-pediatric-obesity-in-primary-care-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-type-ii-hybrid-effectiveness-implementation-trial-raising-healthy-children-study
#5
Justin D Smith, Cady Berkel, Neil Jordan, David C Atkins, Shrikanth S Narayanan, Carlos Gallo, Kevin J Grimm, Thomas J Dishion, Anne M Mauricio, Jenna Rudo-Stern, Mariah K Meachum, Emily Winslow, Meg M Bruening
BACKGROUND: Pediatric obesity is a multi-faceted public health concern that can lead to cardiovascular diseases, cancers, and early mortality. Small changes in diet, physical activity, or BMI can significantly reduce the possibility of developing cardiometabolic risk factors. Family-based behavioral interventions are an underutilized, evidence-based approach that have been found to significantly prevent excess weight gain and obesity in children and adolescents. Poor program availability, low participation rates, and non-adherence are noted barriers to positive outcomes...
January 15, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333380/anti-obesity-property-of-lichen-thamnolia-vermicularis-extract-in-3t3-l1-cells-and-diet-induced-obese-mice
#6
Ra-Yeong Choi, Ju Ri Ham, Jiyoung Yeo, Jae-Seoun Hur, Seok-Kyu Park, Myung-Joo Kim, Mi-Kyung Lee
Thamnolia vermicularis (TV) is an edible lichen that is prevalent in the alpine zone of East Asia. This study evaluated the feasibility of using TV acetone extracts as a functional food based on experiments using cell line and obese mice. The cellular triglyceride levels and Oil red O staining of 3T3-L1 cells indicated that TV extracts (5 and 10 μg/mL) dose-dependently suppressed adipocyte differentiation and lipid accumulation compared with the control. The TV extract (0.4%, w/w) in a high-fat diet (HFD) was supplemented to C57BL/6N mice for 12 weeks, and TV extract supplement significantly reduced visceral fat mass and body weight compared with HFD feeding alone...
December 2017: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330652/dietary-management-in-the-immediate-preoperative-period-of-bariatric-surgery-a-national-overview-bariatric-preoperative-diets
#7
Mariana Steffen Holderbaum, Caroline Buss
BACKGROUND: Although widely applied, there is no consensus about the characteristics of the diets prescribed in the immediate preoperative period of bariatric surgery (BS). The objective of this study was to perform a survey on preoperative dietary management in BS centers. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study with BS Brazilian centers. Only BS centers with certificate of excellence by Surgical Review Corporation were included. An electronic questionnaire was applied to assess details about the dietary management in the immediate preoperative period of BS...
January 12, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325664/results-of-the-clinician-apps-survey-how-clinicians-working-with-patients-with-diabetes-and-obesity-use-mobile-health-apps
#8
Justine Karduck, Karen Chapman-Novakofski
OBJECTIVE: To develop and administer a questionnaire to determine what factors may be associated with app use (including frequency of use, reasons to recommend to clients/patients, perceived effectiveness on health, health aspects used, features, and types of apps) by clinicians working in diabetes and weight management patient care settings. METHODS: The Clinician Apps Survey was developed and contained 3 question domains (smartphone apps use, behavior theory in counseling sessions, and demographics) to explore frequency, types, preferred features, benefits/barriers of using apps, counseling techniques used, and clinician demographics...
January 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322010/beneficiary-effect-of-commiphora-mukul-ethanolic-extract-against-high-fructose-diet-induced-abnormalities-in-carbohydrate-and-lipid-metabolism-in-wistar-rats
#9
Ramesh Bellamkonda, Rasineni Karuna, Bongu Sasi Bhusana Rao, Ketham Haritha, Bengeppagari Manjunatha, Somavarapu Silpa, Desireddy Saralakumari
The present study was proposed to elucidate the effect of Commiphora mukul gum resin elthanolic extract treatment on alterations in carbohydrate and lipid metabolisms in rats fed with high-fructose diet. Male Wistar rats were divided into four groups: two of these groups (group C and C+CM) were fed with standard pellet diet and the other two groups (group F and F+CM) were fed with high fructose (66 %) diet. C. mukul suspension in 5% Tween-80 in distilled water (200 mg/kg body weight/day) was administered orally to group C+CM and group F+CM...
January 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321156/improving-adherence-to-healthy-dietary-patterns-genetic-risk-and-long-term-weight-gain-gene-diet-interaction-analysis-in-two-prospective-cohort-studies
#10
Tiange Wang, Yoriko Heianza, Dianjianyi Sun, Tao Huang, Wenjie Ma, Eric B Rimm, JoAnn E Manson, Frank B Hu, Walter C Willett, Lu Qi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether improving adherence to healthy dietary patterns interacts with the genetic predisposition to obesity in relation to long term changes in body mass index and body weight. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Health professionals in the United States. PARTICIPANTS: 8828 women from the Nurses' Health Study and 5218 men from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study. EXPOSURE: Genetic predisposition score was calculated on the basis of 77 variants associated with body mass index...
January 10, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315392/redefining-diabetes-and-the-concept-of-self-management-from-a-patient-s-perspective-implications-for-disease-risk-factor-management
#11
T K Masupe, K Ndayi, L Tsolekile, P Delobelle, T Puoane
The colliding epidemics of non-communicable diseases including diabetes with chronic infectious diseases in Sub-Saharan Africa requires contextualized innovative disease management strategies. This qualitative study conducted in a peri-urban township near Cape Town, South Africa aimed to identify and gain in-depth understanding of contextual and environmental issues pertinent to the patient that could influence Type 2-diabetes mellitus (T2DM) care and self-management. Participants included purposively sampled diabetics or pre-diabetics from the community, PURE study database, facility health club and health care providers...
January 5, 2018: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311038/changes-in-energy-intake-and-diet-quality-during-an-18-month-weight-management-randomized-controlled-trial-in-adults-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities
#12
Lauren T Ptomey, Felicia L Steger, Jaehoon Lee, Debra K Sullivan, Jeannine R Goetz, Jeffery J Honas, Richard A Washburn, Cheryl A Gibson, Joseph E Donnelly
BACKGROUND: Previous research indicates that individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDDs) are at risk for poor diet quality. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this secondary analysis was to determine whether two different weight-loss diets affect energy intake, macronutrient intake, and diet quality as measured by the Healthy Eating Index-2010 (HEI-2010) during a 6-month weight-loss period and 12-month weight-management period, and to examine differences in energy intake, macronutrient intake, and HEI-2010 between groups...
January 6, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307147/internist-anesthesiologist-and-surgeon-use-of-ketogenic-diet
#13
Lorenzo Cenci, Antonio Paoli, Hesham R Omar, Prachiti Dalvi, Enrico M Camporesi, Devanand Mangar, Silvia Quartesan, Alberto Fiorito, Gerardo Bosco
Ketogenic diet is being increasingly utilized in recent decades because of its success as an effective tool for short and intermediate-term weight loss. Promoting physiological ketosis from a drastically low carbohydrate diet is the fundamental basis for this diet regime. Though debated, these diets have been demonstrated to be effective, at least in the short- to medium terms, to manage excess weight, hyperlipidemia, and other cardiovascular risk factors. We reviewed the cardiovascular, metabolic, anesthetic, and postsurgical profiles in the literature and summarized technical issues of anesthesia and surgery along with long-term changes from published papers...
March 2018: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307123/the-role-of-diet-in-managing-inflamatory-bowel-disease-affected-dogs-a-retrospective-cohort-study-on-76-cases
#14
Maria Chiara Marchesi
The term in ammatory bowel diseases (IBD) refers to a group of idiopathic, chronic intestinal diseases characterized by a di use in ltration of in ammatory cells into the lamina propria of the intestine. The pathogenesis of IBD is unknown. The most common signs described are diarrhoea, vomit, and progressive weight loss. In order to make a de nitive diagnosis, though, the presence of in ammatory cells in ltration must be evident on histopathologic analysis. The therapeutic approach has 2 main goals: decrease the in ammatory response and remove possible antigenic sources, such as food components or intestinal micro ora...
December 29, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298969/-dietetary-recommendation-for-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#15
REVIEW
Anna Jeznach-Steinhagen, Joanna Ostrowska, Aneta Czerwonogrodzka-Senczyna, Iwona Boniecka, Wioletta Gronostajska
Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) is currently the most common chronic liver disease in the developed world. Nowadays, in the adult population of Europe it is estimated at 14% to 21%. Its most important risk factors are obesity and metabolic syndrome. Introducing lifestyle changes such as: dietary intervention and increased physical activity are the first-line treatment and are intended to support not only NAFLD but also associated diseases such as obesity, insulin resistance, diabetes and dyslipidemia...
December 22, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290214/dietary-management-of-dyslipidaemias-is-there-any-evidence-for-cardiovascular-benefit
#16
REVIEW
Panagiotis Anagnostis, Stavroula A Paschou, Dimitrios G Goulis, Vasilios G Athyros, Asterios Karagiannis
Specific dietary strategies are the mainstay of management in most cases of dyslipidaemia, prior to or simultaneously with the initiation of a lipid-lowering agent. The exact approach differs according to the type of dyslipidaemia. In particular, a reduction in carbohydrates (mainly foods with a high glycaemic index) and their substitution with mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acids is the main strategy in patients with high levels of triglycerides (Tg) and/or low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c)...
February 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276399/effects-of-a-proposed-physical-activity-and-diet-control-to-manage-constipation-in-middle-aged-obese-women
#17
Sayed A Tantawy, Dalia M Kamel, Walid Kamal Abdelbasset, Hany M Elgohary
Background: Obesity is very common worldwide and is related to critical morbidity and mortality. It has a large number of impacts on the human body. Constipation has a prevalence from 4% to 29% in various parts of the world and is considered to be a major health problem, with an estimated incidence of 5% in males and 15% in females. There is a strong association between obesity and constipation. This study aimed to investigate the effect of physical activity and a low-calorie diet on constipation in middle-aged obese women...
2017: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243354/effectiveness-of-extended-contact-interventions-for-weight-management-delivered-via-text-messaging-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
J R Job, B S Fjeldsoe, E G Eakin, M M Reeves
BACKGROUND: Extended contact interventions provide support for continued weight management (weight loss/prevention of weight regain) following a weight loss intervention. Text messages offer a medium for delivery in a potentially cost-effective, broad-reach manner. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to examine (i) the effectiveness of extended contact, text message interventions for adults in supporting weight management, and (ii) which intervention characteristics are common to those that are effective...
December 15, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241577/caulerpa-okamurae-extract-inhibits-adipogenesis-in-3t3-l1-adipocytes-and-prevents-high-fat-diet-induced-obesity-in-c57bl-6-mice
#19
Bhesh Raj Sharma, Hyun Jung Kim, Min Suk Kim, Chul Min Park, Dong Young Rhyu
Seaweeds are considered a potential source of antiobesity agents. Because Caulerpa, a seaweed, has been consumed for food in Japan, China, South Korea, and Australia, we hypothesized that Caulerpa okamurae may have antiobesity effects in an animal model of high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity in C57BL/6 mice. Herein, we found that the ethanolic extract of C okamurae (COE) significantly inhibited lipid accumulation and reduced the expression of the master regulator of adipogenesis, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ, sterol regulatory element binding protein-1c, and CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein-α in 3T3-L1 adipocytes...
November 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241213/antibiotics-induced-obesity-a-mitochondrial-perspective
#20
Melisa J Andrade, Chinchu Jayaprakash, Smitha Bhat, Nikolaos Evangelatos, Angela Brand, Kapaettu Satyamoorthy
Antibiotics are the first line of treatment against infections and have contributed immensely to reduce the morbidity and mortality rates. Recently, extensive use of antibiotics has led to alterations of the gut microbiome, predisposition to various diseases and most importantly, increase in the emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, which poses a major threat to global public health. Another major issue faced worldwide due to unregulated use of antibiotics in children as well as in adults is the influence of metabolism and body weight homeostasis, leading to obesity...
December 15, 2017: Public Health Genomics
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