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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430170/current-management-of-gout-practical-messages-from-eular-2016-guidelines
#1
George Nuki, Michael Doherty, Pascal Richette
The European League Against Rheumatism published updated recommendations for the management of gout in 2016, comprising 3 overarching principles and 11 key recommendations for clinical practice. Patient education about the pathophysiology of gout and its comorbidities, as well as the existence of effective treatments are important, and understanding the principles of managing acute attacks and eliminating urate crystals by lifelong lowering of the serum urate (SU) below a target level are essential. Advice about lifestyle, diet, weight, and other risk factors, as well as the need to screen for, and manage, comorbidities is emphasized...
April 21, 2017: Polish Archives of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429150/short-term-high-fat-diet-induces-obesity-enhancing-changes-in-mouse-gut-microbiota-that-are-partially-reversed-by-cessation-of-the-high-fat-diet
#2
Yue Shang, Ehsan Khafipour, Hooman Derakhshani, Lindsei K Sarna, Connie W Woo, Yaw L Siow, Karmin O
The gut microbiota is proposed as a "metabolic organ" involved in energy utilization and is associated with obesity. Dietary intervention is one of the approaches for obesity management. Changes in dietary components have significant impacts on host metabolism and gut microbiota. In the present study, we examined the influence of dietary fat intervention on the modification of gut mucosa-associated microbiota profile along with body weight and metabolic parameter changes. Male C57BL/6J mice (6-week old) were fed a low fat diet (10% kcal fat) as a control or a high fat diet (HFD 60% kcal fat) for 7 weeks...
April 20, 2017: Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428168/testing-the-feasibility-and-usability-of-a-novel-smartphone-based-self-management-support-system-for-dialysis-patients-a-pilot-study
#3
Aki Hayashi, Satoko Yamaguchi, Kayo Waki, Katsuhito Fujiu, Norio Hanafusa, Takahiro Nishi, Hyoe Tomita, Haruka Kobayashi, Hideo Fujita, Takashi Kadowaki, Masaomi Nangaku, Kazuhiko Ohe
BACKGROUND: Diet and fluid restrictions that need continuous self-management are among the most difficult aspects of dialysis treatment. Smartphone applications may be useful for supporting self-management. OBJECTIVE: Our objective is to investigate the feasibility and usability of a novel smartphone-based self-management support system for dialysis patients. METHODS: We developed the Self-Management and Recording System for Dialysis (SMART-D), which supports self-monitoring of three mortality-related factors that can be modified by lifestyle: interdialytic weight gain and predialysis serum potassium and phosphorus concentrations...
April 20, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418818/-it-is-not-the-diet-it-is-the-mental-part-we-need-help-with-a-multilevel-analysis-of-psychological-emotional-and-social-well-being-in-obesity
#4
Kathryn Rand, Michael Vallis, Megan Aston, Sheri Price, Helena Piccinini-Vallis, Laurene Rehman, Sara F L Kirk
In this research, we explored the psychological, emotional, and social experiences of individuals living with obesity, and perceptions of health care providers. We conducted a theoretical thematic analysis using two theoretical frameworks applied to transcripts from a previous qualitative study. Themes from a mental well-being framework were subsequently categorized under five environmental levels of the Social-Ecological Model (SEM). Key mental well-being themes appeared across all levels of the SEM, except the policy level...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416496/long-term-cost-reduction-of-routine-medications-following-a-residential-programme-combining-physical-activity-and-nutrition-in-the-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes-a-prospective-cohort-study
#5
Charlotte Lanhers, Guillaume Walther, Robert Chapier, Bruno Lesourd, Geraldine Naughton, Bruno Pereira, Martine Duclos, Agnès Vinet, Philippe Obert, Daniel Courteix, Frédéric Dutheil
OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate that lifestyle modifications will reduce the cost of routine medications in individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D), through a mechanism involving glycaemic control. DESIGN: A within-trial cost-medication analysis with a 1-year time horizon. SETTING: Controlled environment within the spa resort of Chatel-Guyon, France. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-nine participants (aged 50-70 years) with T2D. INTERVENTIONS: A 1-year follow-up intervention, beginning with a 3-week residential programme combining high exercise volume (15-20 hours/week), restrictive diet (-500 kcal/day) and education...
April 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416368/nutritional-management-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-review-study
#6
REVIEW
Zeinab Faghfoori, Siavash Fazelian, Mahdi Shadnoush, Reza Goodarzi
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is endocrine disorder in women of reproductive age, which leads to reproductive, hormonal and metabolic abnormalities. Due to the presence of insulin resistance, PCOS increases the risk of chronic diseases like type 2 diabetes, hypertension, lipid disorders, cardiovascular diseases and malignancies such as breast and endometrial cancer. The actual cause of this syndrome is unknown but environmental factors such as dietary habits play an important role in prevention and treatment and lifestyle modifications are the most important therapeutic strategies in these patients...
April 5, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415920/what-can-the-food-and-drink-industry-do-to-help-achieve-the-5-free-sugars-goal
#7
Sigrid Gibson, Margaret Ashwell, Jenny Arthur, Lindsey Bagley, Alison Lennox, Peter J Rogers, Sara Stanner
AIMS: To contribute evidence and make recommendations to assist in achieving free sugars reduction, with due consideration to the broader picture of weight management and dietary quality. METHODS: An expert workshop in July 2016 addressed options outlined in the Public Health England report 'Sugar reduction: The evidence for action' that related directly to the food industry. Panel members contributed expertise in food technology, public heath nutrition, marketing, communications, psychology and behaviour...
April 1, 2017: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413966/the-clinical-problems-of-hypertension-treatment-in-hemodialysis-patients
#8
Charalampos N Loutradis, Costas Tsioufis, Pantelis A Sarafidis
Hypertension (HT) is present in >80% of patients undergoing haemodialysis (HD). Elevated blood pressure (BP) in hemodialysis patients is associated with cardiovascular events and mortality only when BP is recorded with home or ambulatory monitoring, since pre- and post-dialysis measurements are not valid estimates of BP levels during the inter-interval. Sodium and water overload is the most important of several mechanisms involved in HT development in HD. In this context, non-pharmacologic measures to ensure water and sodium balance by achieving patient dry weight and decreasing daily sodium intake, through modification of sodium level in the diet or in dialysis dialysate, are fundamental for HT control...
April 14, 2017: Current Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413905/pre-meal-inulin-consumption-does-not-affect-acute-energy-intake-in-overweight-and-obese-middle-aged-and-older-adults
#9
Katarina Smiljanec, Cassie M Mitchell, Olivia F Privitera, Andrew P Neilson, Kevin P Davy, Brenda M Davy
BACKGROUND: Three-fourths of adults older than 55 years in the United States are overweight or obese. Prebiotics including inulin-type fructans may benefit with weight management. AIM: We aimed to investigate the acute effects of pre-meal inulin consumption on energy intake (EI) and appetite in older adults. METHODS: Sedentary, overweight or obese middle-aged and older adults ( n = 7, 60.9 ± 4.4 years, BMI 32.9 ± 4.3 kg/m(2)) ingested inulin (10 g) or a water preload before each test period in a randomly assigned order...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412644/an-association-of-health-behaviors-with-depression-and-metabolic-risks-data-from-2007-to-2014-u-s-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#10
Ying Liu, Ifeoma D Ozodiegwu, Yang Yu, Rick Hess, Ronghai Bie
BACKGROUND: Both depression and metabolic syndrome (MetS) confer an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D) and cardiovascular disease. Accumulating evidence suggests healthy behaviors are crucial to maintain, improve and manage chronical disease and mental health; and unhealthy diet and sedentary behavior were found two major risk factors of MetS. The objective of this study was to investigate whether health behaviors (alcohol consumption, smoking, diet and recreational physical activity) are associated with depression and metabolic syndrome simultaneously...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410174/pilot-and-feasibility-test-of-a-mobile-health-supported-behavioral-counseling-intervention-for-weight-management-among-breast-cancer-survivors
#11
Lisa M Quintiliani, Devin M Mann, Marissa Puputti, Emily Quinn, Deborah J Bowen
BACKGROUND: Health behavior and weight management interventions for cancer survivors have the potential to prevent future cancer recurrence and improve long-term health; however, their translation can be limited if the intervention is complex and involves high participant burden. Mobile health (mHealth) offers a delivery modality to integrate interventions into daily life routines. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of a one-group trial with a pre-post evaluation design on engagement (use and acceptability), physiological (weight), behavioral (diet and physical activity), and other secondary outcomes...
May 9, 2016: JMIR Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408361/design-of-a-mobile-app-for-nutrition-education-trec-lifestyle-and-formative-evaluation-with-families-of-overweight-children
#12
Silvia Gabrielli, Marco Dianti, Rosa Maimone, Marta Betta, Lorena Filippi, Monica Ghezzi, Stefano Forti
BACKGROUND: Nutrition and diet apps represent today a popular area of mobile health (mHealth), offering the possibility of delivering behavior change (BC) interventions for healthy eating and weight management in a scalable and cost-effective way. However, if commercial apps for pediatric weight management fail to retain users because of a lack of theoretical background and evidence-based content, mHealth apps that are more evidence-based are found less engaging and popular among consumers...
April 13, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407022/gap-analysis-on-the-biology-of-mediterranean-marine-fishes
#13
Donna Dimarchopoulou, Konstantinos I Stergiou, Athanassios C Tsikliras
We estimated the current level of knowledge concerning several biological characteristics of the Mediterranean marine fishes by carrying out a gap analysis based on information extracted from the literature, aiming to identify research trends and future needs in the field of Mediterranean fish biology that can be used in stock assessments, ecosystem modeling and fisheries management. Based on the datasets that emerged from the literature review, there is no information on any biological characteristic for 43% (n = 310) of the Mediterranean fish species, whereas for an additional 15% (n = 109) of them there is information about just one characteristic...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406532/endometrial-gene-expression-in-primiparous-dairy-cows-at-the-end-of-the-voluntary-waiting-period-is-affected-by-nutrition-total-mixed-ration-vs-increasing-levels-of-herbage-allowance
#14
A L Astessiano, M Carriquiry, D A Mattiauda, M L Adrien, P Chilibroste, A Meikle
The study postulated that differential nutritional management during the early lactation period would be reflected in endometrial expression of genes related to embryo growth at the end of the voluntary waiting period. Thus, the effect of the combined use of total mixed ration (TMR) and grazing under different herbage allowances during the first 75 days post-partum (DPP) on endometrial gene expression was evaluated in primiparous dairy cows. Cows were blocked by body weight, age and body condition score and randomly assigned to three grazing treatments: high (HA, 30 kg DM per cow per day), medium (MA, 15 kg DM per cow per day) and low (LA, 7...
April 12, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398983/effectiveness-of-educational-or-behavioral-interventions-on-adherence-to-phosphate-control-in-adults-receiving-hemodialysis-a-systematic-review
#15
Molly Milazi, Ann Bonner, Clint Douglas
BACKGROUND: People with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) develop impaired excretion of phosphate. Hyperphosphatemia develops in ESKD as a result of the kidney's reduced ability to excrete ingested phosphate load and is characterized by high bone turnover and increased musculoskeletal morbidity including bone pain and muscle weakness. Increased serum phosphate levels are also associated with cardiovascular disease and associated mortality. These effects are significant considering that cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in ESKD, making phosphate control a crucial treatment goal...
April 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398554/prospective-associations-between-diet-quality-and-body-mass-index-in-disadvantaged-women-the-resilience-for-eating-and-activity-despite-inequality-readi-study
#16
Dana Lee Olstad, Karen E Lamb, Lukar E Thornton, Sarah A McNaughton, David A Crawford, Leia M Minaker, Kylie Ball
Background: Dietary patterns that align with recommended guidelines appear to minimize long-term weight gain in the general population. However, prospective associations between diet quality and weight change in disadvantaged adults have not been examined. This study examined associations between concurrent change in diet quality and body mass index (BMI) over 5 years among women living in socioeconomically disadvantaged neighbourhoods. Methods: Dietary intake and BMI were self-reported among 1242 women living in disadvantaged neighbourhoods in Victoria, Australia, at three time points from 2007/08 to 2012/13...
April 7, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392927/liraglutide-for-weight-management-a-critical-review-of-the-evidence
#17
A Mehta, S P Marso, I J Neeland
OBJECTIVE: To review the efficacy, safety, and clinical applicability of liraglutide for weight management from phase III clinical trials. METHODS: A search of the English language literature was performed using PubMed search terms: "liraglutide", "glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist", and "randomized clinical trial". Articles and bibliographies relevant to the subject were reviewed and additional references known to the authors were included. RESULTS: Five randomized, placebo-controlled trials of liraglutide for weight management were identified...
March 2017: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389247/oleic-acid-derived-oleoylethanolamide-a-nutritional-science-perspective
#18
REVIEW
Kate J Bowen, Penny M Kris-Etherton, Gregory C Shearer, Sheila G West, Lavanya Reddivari, Peter J H Jones
The fatty acid ethanolamide oleoylethanolamide (OEA) is an endogenous lipid mediator derived from the monounsaturated fatty acid, oleic acid. OEA is synthesized from membrane glycerophospholipids and is a high-affinity agonist of the nuclear transcription factor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPAR-α). Dietary intake of oleic acid elevates circulating levels of OEA in humans by increasing substrate availability for OEA biosynthesis. Numerous clinical studies demonstrate a beneficial relationship between high-oleic acid diets and body composition, with emerging evidence to suggest OEA may mediate this response through modulation of lipid metabolism and energy intake...
April 4, 2017: Progress in Lipid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387447/withdrawn-interventions-for-fatigue-and-weight-loss-in-adults-with-advanced-progressive-illness
#19
REVIEW
Cathy Payne, Philip J Wiffen, Suzanne Martin
BACKGROUND: Fatigue and unintentional weight loss are two of the commonest symptoms experienced by people with advanced progressive illness. Appropriate interventions may bring considerable improvements in function and quality of life to seriously ill people and their families, reducing physical, psychological and spiritual distress. OBJECTIVES: To conduct an overview of the evidence available on the efficacy of interventions used in the management of fatigue and/or unintentional weight loss in adults with advanced progressive illness by reviewing the evidence contained within Cochrane reviews...
April 7, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386912/neuropsychiatric-safety-with-liraglutide-3-0%C3%A2-mg-for-weight-management-results-from-randomized-controlled-phase-2-and-3a-trials
#20
P M O'Neil, V R Aroda, A Astrup, R Kushner, D C W Lau, T A Wadden, J Brett, A Cancino, J P H Wilding
AIMS: Liraglutide, a GLP-1 receptor agonist, regulates appetite via receptors in the brain. Due to concerns over the potential of centrally-acting anti-obesity medications to affect mental health, pooled neuropsychiatric safety data from all phase 2 and 3a randomized, double-blind trials with liraglutide 3.0 mg were evaluated post hoc. METHODS: Data from the liraglutide weight-management programme were pooled. Across trials, individuals with a body mass index ≥30 kg/m(2) or ≥27 kg/m(2) with weight-related comorbidities were randomized to once-daily subcutaneous liraglutide 3...
April 6, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
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