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Chiropractic History

Richard A Brown
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this commentary is to explore the concepts underpinning professional identity, assess their relevance to chiropractic, and propose a model by which a strong identity for the chiropractic profession may be achieved. DISCUSSION: The professional identity of chiropractic has been a constant source of controversy throughout its history. Attempts to establish a professional identity have been met with resistance from internal factions divided over linguistics, philosophy, technique, and chiropractic's place in the health care framework...
December 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Humanities
Sheng-Feng Lin, Hsing-Yu Weng
BACKGROUND: Postural headaches are commonly associated with spontaneous intracranial hypotension and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage from the spine. A subarachnoid-pleural fistula (SPF) is a very rare and serious type of CSF fistula that has mostly been reported following traumatic causes. CASE REPORT: Here, the case of a 36-year-old woman who suffered from postural headaches after chiropractic manipulation of her neck was reported. Brain and spinal magnetic resonance (MR) imaging showed brain sagging, a C7-T1 dural defect, and overt CSF leakage...
November 10, 2016: Headache
Peter Stilwell, Katherine Harman, William Hsu, Brian Seaman
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal injuries stemming from forceful muscular contractions during seizures have been documented in the literature. Reports of multiple seizure-induced spinal fractures, in the absence of external trauma and without risk factors for fracture, are rare. CASE PRESENTATION: A 28-year-old male, newly diagnosed with epilepsy, presented to a chiropractic clinic with the complaint of mid-thoracic pain beginning after a tonic-clonic seizure with no associated external trauma...
September 2016: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
Sonia V Joubert, Manuel A Duarte
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this case report is to describe a patient who presented with symptoms of exercise-induced compartment syndrome and was later referred for bilateral fasciotomy surgery. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 21-year-old patient presented for chiropractic care with the inability to run due to foot paresthesia and weakness. An exertion test and compartment pressure test diagnosed exercise-induced compartment syndrome. Exertion test and compartment pressure test were used to identify and diagnose exercise-induced compartment syndrome...
June 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
Stacey M Cornelson, William Hogarth, Daniel L Ault, Norman W Kettner
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this report is to describe osteoarthritis and internal derangement of the shoulder in a collegiate softball player. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 25-year-old female softball athlete presented with a history of chronic right shoulder pain. A thorough clinical examination and multiple imaging studies were performed. Osteoarthritis was demonstrated on radiographs, and ligamentous and rotator cuff tendon tears were displayed on magnetic resonance imaging...
June 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
Clinton J Daniels, Pamela J Wakefield, Glenn A Bub
BACKGROUND: A case of metastatic carcinoma secondary to urothelial carcinoma presenting as musculoskeletal pain is reported. A brief review of urothelial and metastatic carcinoma including clinical presentation, diagnostic testing, treatment and chiropractic considerations is discussed. CASE PRESENTATION: This patient presented in November 2014 with progressive neck, thorax and upper extremity pain. Computed tomography revealed a destructive soft tissue mass in the cervical spine and additional lytic lesion of the 1st rib...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
Brian Anderson
OBJECTIVE: This case report describes the diagnosis of a malignant brain tumor in a patient requesting chiropractic care for headaches after a motor vehicle accident. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 30-year-old man presented with numbness and tingling in all extremities, lower extremity muscle weakness, and a recent increase in headaches with the loss of ability to concentrate. He was involved in a high-speed motor vehicle collision approximately 4 months before the onset of symptoms...
March 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
Gerald Stevens, Michael Campeanu, Andrew T Sorrento, Jiwoon Ryu, Jeanmarie Burke
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe the demographics, presenting complaints, and health history of new patients seeking treatment at a free chiropractic clinic within a university health center. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patient files from 2008 to 2009 was performed for a free student chiropractic clinic in the Buffalo, NY, area. Demographics, presenting complaints, and health history of new patients seeking treatment were recorded. RESULTS: There were 343 new chiropractic patient files...
March 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
Mark Murdock
OBJECTIVES: To discuss the diagnosis and management of a Salter-Harris type II fracture in a nine-year-old girl who was managed conservatively. CLINICAL FEATURES: A nine-year-old girl fell while playing in bare feet in the grass. She experienced pain when she walked or moved her toe. There was minor swelling and bruising. INTERVENTION AND OUTCOME: Plain film radiographs revealed a Salter-Harris type II fracture of the 2(nd) proximal phalanx...
December 2015: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
Julia R Stobert, Peter C Emary, John A Taylor
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this case report is to describe a patient with femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) who was initially misdiagnosed and treated for a hip flexor strain. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 36-year-old male patient presented with insidious onset of progressive anterior right hip and groin pain of 7 years' duration. He was diagnosed with a right-sided hip flexor muscle strain and was discharged from care 1 month later. The patient then returned to the office 8 years later for treatment of unrelated lower back pain...
December 2015: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
Charles P Fischer, Peter C Emary, John A Taylor
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this report is to present a presumptive case of ankylosing spondylitis with late stage progression that simulated osteoblastic metastasis in a patient with a history of prostate carcinoma. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 67-year-old white man presented to a chiropractic clinic complaining of severe and worsening acute low back pain and right foot "numbness." Further questioning also revealed a history of prostate carcinoma. INTERVENTION AND OUTCOME: Imaging examination revealed a sclerotic pedicle and increased uptake of radiopharmaceutical on a nuclear medicine bone scan highly suggestive of osteoblastic skeletal metastasis...
December 2015: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
Brett R Martin, David R Seaman
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this case report is to describe the chiropractic management of a patient with atypical migraine headache. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 23-year-old woman experienced migraines for 3 months. She had no previous history of migraines and was unresponsive to pharmaceutical and musculoskeletal therapies. The migraine headaches could not be classified according to the common categories associated with migraines. She had a change in diet due to severe gastroesophageal reflux causing her to reduce or avoid consuming foods...
September 2015: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
Mette Hobaek Siegenthaler
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this case report is to describe the chiropractic management of a child with abnormal fixation of one eye and torticollis. CLINICAL FEATURES: A mother presented with a concern regarding her 23-month-old son who had a history of torticollis and an abnormal fixation of the right eye. She noticed the head tilt when he was about 7 months old and abnormal alignment of the right eye when the boy was 18 months old. At 15 months when he took his first steps, his head tilt became worse...
March 2015: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
Dan Futch, Michael J Schneider, Donald Murphy, Allison Grayev
A 30-year-old woman presented to an emergency department with sudden onset of transient loss of left peripheral vision. Owing to a history of migraine headaches, she was released with a diagnosis of ocular migraine. Two days later, she sought chiropractic care for the chief symptom of severe neck pain. The chiropractor suspected the possibility of vertebral artery dissection (VAD). No manipulation was performed; instead, MR angiography (MRA) of the neck was obtained, which revealed an acute left VAD with early thrombus formation...
2015: BMJ Case Reports
B Kladny
Hippocrates was the first to intensively describe and document the principles for the treatment of injuries and diseases of the spine. His principles for abrupt treatment of the "hunchback" were followed by physicians even up to the end of the nineteenth century. The non-operative treatment of scoliosis was improved in the beginning of the sixteenth century by the introduction of mechanical devices that started the development of corsets which are still in use in modern scoliosis treatment. Stretching beds were only in temporary use...
December 2015: Der Unfallchirurg
Jeremy D Johnson, Katherine Cocker, Elisabeth Chang
Infantile colic is a benign process in which an infant has paroxysms of inconsolable crying for more than three hours per day, more than three days per week, for longer than three weeks. It affects approximately 10% to 40% of infants worldwide and peaks at around six weeks of age, with symptoms resolving by three to six months of age. The incidence is equal between sexes, and there is no correlation with type of feeding (breast vs. bottle), gestational age, or socioeconomic status. The cause of infantile colic is not known; proposed causes include alterations in fecal microflora, intolerance to cow's milk protein or lactose, gastrointestinal immaturity or inflammation, increased serotonin secretion, poor feeding technique, and maternal smoking or nicotine replacement therapy...
October 1, 2015: American Family Physician
Anke Langenfeld, B Kim Humphreys, Jaap Swanenburg, Cynthia K Peterson
OBJECTIVE: Information about recurrence and prognostic factors is important for patients and practitioners to set realistic expectations about the chances of full recovery and to reduce patient anxiety and uncertainty. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess recurrence and prognostic factors for neck pain in a chiropractic patient population at 1 year from the start of the current episode. METHODS: Within a prospective cohort study, 642 neck pain patients were recruited by chiropractors in Switzerland...
September 2015: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
William B Weeks, Christine M Goertz, William C Meeker, Dennis M Marchiori
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine whether general perceptions of doctors of chiropractic (DCs) varied according to likeliness to use chiropractic care, whether particular demographic characteristics were associated with chiropractic care use, and whether perception of DCs varied according to the per-capita supply of DCs in local health care markets. METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis of results from a 26-item nationally representative survey of 5422 members of The Gallup Panel that was conducted in the spring of 2015 (response rate, 29%) that sought to elicit the perceptions and use of DCs by US adults...
October 2015: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Ksenija Vitale, Roko Munđar, Slavica Sović, Biserka Bergman-Marković, Nataša Janev Holcer
The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is widespread around the world including Croatia. The number of studies that investigate both quantitative and qualitative use of CAM in Croatia is limited. The aim of this study was to investigate the use of CAM among family medicine patients in the town of Čakovec and the rate they report it to their family doctor. This was a cross-sectional study in a sample of 300 patients that visited primary health center for any reason. We used anonymous questionnaire already employed in a previous investigation (Čižmešija et al...
December 2014: Acta Medica Croatica: C̆asopis Hravatske Akademije Medicinskih Znanosti
Alicia M Yochum, Norman W Kettner
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this case report is to describe a case of Kienbock disease (lunatomalacia) that was identified through diagnostic ultrasonography. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 27-year-old man presented to a chiropractic teaching clinic with a 3-year history of wrist pain. The history of chief concern consisted of lunatomalacia, diagnosed 2 years prior, with surgical intervention consisting of radial osteotomy and vascularized bone graft. Radiography and ultrasonography were performed upon presentation and at 2-year follow-up that demonstrated progressive collapse and fragmentation of his lunate with the development of progressive scapholunate advanced collapse of the wrist...
June 2015: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
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