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Esophageal cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667114/efficacy-of-endoscopic-ultrasonography-for-determining-clinical-t-category-for-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-data-from-1434-surgical-cases
#1
Jie Yang, Guang-Yu Luo, Run-Bin Liang, Tai-Shan Zeng, Hao Long, Jian-Hua Fu, Guo-Liang Xu, Mu-Zi Yang, Shuo Li, Lan-Jun Zhang, Peng Lin, Xin Wang, Xue Hou, Hao-Xian Yang
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) for determining T category is variable for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). We aimed to assess the efficacy of EUS in accurately identifying T category for ESCC based on the 8th AJCC Cancer Staging Manual. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted using a prospectively collected ESCC database from January 2003 to December 2015, in which all patients underwent EUS examination followed by esophagectomy...
April 17, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667054/connecting-gastrointestinal-cancer-risk-to-cadmium-and-lead-exposure-in-the-chaoshan-population-of-southeast-china
#2
Xueqiong Lin, Lin Peng, Xijin Xu, Yanrong Chen, Yuling Zhang, Xia Huo
Cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) pose a serious threat to human health because of its carcinogenicity. China ranks first according to the Global Cancer Report for 2014 in newly diagnosed gastrointestinal cancers and cancer deaths. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association of Cd and Pb burden with the risk of gastrointestinal cancers in a hospital-based case-control study from southern regions of China, Chaoshan area. A total of 279 hospitalized patients were recruited in this study, of which 167 were gastrointestinal cancer cases (70 esophageal cancer, 51 gastric cancer, and 46 colorectal cancer), and 112 controls were recruited from two hospitals in the Chaoshan area of southeast China...
April 17, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666808/oncological-outcomes-of-the-time-trial-in-esophageal-cancer-is-it-the-era-of-minimally-invasive-esophagectomy
#3
EDITORIAL
Lijie Tan, Han Tang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666807/quality-of-life-assessment-in-esophagectomy-patients
#4
REVIEW
Alla Alghamedi, Gordon Buduhan, Lawrence Tan, Sadeesh Kumar Srinathan, Joanne Sulman, Gail Darling, Biniam Kidane
Esophagectomy is the mainstay of curative therapy for esophageal cancer; however, it is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, with subsequent major impact on quality of life. This paper reviews the evaluation of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in esophageal cancer patients undergoing curative intent therapy, the relationship between postoperative HRQOL and survival as well the potential utility of pre-treatment HRQOL as a prognostic tool. HRQOL assessment is valuable in helping clinicians understand the impact on patients of esophageal cancer and the various treatments thereof...
February 2018: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666806/the-frontline-of-esophageal-cancer-treatment-questions-to-be-asked-and-answered
#5
REVIEW
Cheng-Che Tu, Po-Kuei Hsu
Achieving a good treatment for esophageal cancer is a great challenge. For early stage cancer, endoscopic treatment is considered the first line and a possible curative therapy. Chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and surgery are all used for the treatment of locally advanced esophageal cancer, administered either alone or combined. Some combinations have proven to be feasible, effective, and superior, such as neoadjuvant chemoradiation (CRT) plus surgery in the Chemoradiotherapy for Oesophageal Cancer Followed by Surgery Study (CROSS) trial...
February 2018: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666805/surveillance-or-resection-after-chemoradiation-in-esophageal-cancer
#6
REVIEW
Il-Hwan Park, Jae Y Kim
The treatment of locally advanced esophageal cancer continues to evolve. Previously, surgery was considered the foundation of treatment, but chemoradiation (CRT) has taken on a larger role both in the neoadjuvant setting and as definitive treatment. It has become clear that although some patients benefit from esophagectomy after CRT, a large subset of patients likely derive no benefit, and may be harmed by surgery. Some patients are cured from CRT alone and therefore do not need surgery. Another group of patients likely have metastatic disease at the time of local therapy that is just undetected on imaging and also do not benefit from surgery...
February 2018: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666804/surveillance-versus-esophagectomy-in-esophageal-cancer-patients-with-a-clinical-complete-response-after-induction-chemoradiation
#7
REVIEW
Tara R Semenkovich, Bryan F Meyers
There currently exists an area of controversy in treatment of esophageal cancer for patients who have an apparent clinical complete response (cCR) after induction chemoradiation. A standard treatment is to offer these patients an esophagectomy, but increasingly there is interest from both the patient and provider for active surveillance with so-called "salvage" esophagectomies for local recurrence as an alternative treatment paradigm. In this article, we review the existing evidence that stakeholders should consider for clinical decision-making in this specific patient population, including: the accuracy of post-induction clinical restaging, the reliability of operative risk assessment, the feasibility and adherence to surveillance strategies, and the observed outcomes in these patients after salvage esophagectomy or continued active surveillance...
February 2018: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666802/advances-in-radiotherapy-for-esophageal-cancer
#8
REVIEW
Wei Deng, Steven H Lin
Esophageal cancer is a common type of malignancy worldwide and usually requires multidisciplinary care. Radiotherapy plays an important part in management of the disease. During the past few years, researchers have made much progress about radiotherapy for esophageal cancer, which was revealed in every aspect of clinical practice. Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy remains the standard treatment for locally advanced esophageal cancer, whereas neoadjuvant chemotherapy appears to show less toxicities and non-inferior prognosis...
February 2018: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666800/strategies-of-nodal-staging-of-the-tnm-system-for-esophageal-cancer
#9
REVIEW
Wen-Ping Wang, Song-Lin He, Yu-Shang Yang, Long-Qi Chen
The 8th edition of UICC/AJCC TNM staging for esophageal cancer will start in use since 2018. The nodal staging in this version of TNM system remains unchanged from the 7th edition that based on the number of lymph nodes (LN) involved, except the limited revision of the regional LN map. In this review, N staging revision was evaluated from its initially simple definition of negative (N0) and positive (N1) LN(s) to the current positive node number based proposal. Meanwhile the disadvantages of current N staging were discussed...
February 2018: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666799/comparison-of-two-major-staging-systems-of-esophageal-cancer-toward-more-practical-common-scale-for-tumor-staging
#10
REVIEW
Harushi Udagawa, Masaki Ueno
The latest 8th edition of TNM Classification of Malignant Tumours by Union for International Cancer Control (UICC) and 11th edition of Japanese Classification of Esophageal Cancer by Japan Esophageal Society (JES) are the two major classifications widely accepted as tools for clinical staging of esophageal cancer. Both systems consist of three main categories, i.e., T, N, and M, but large difference exists between the two. JES system has more detailed sub-classification of T1 tumors reflecting meticulous work by Japanese investigators on superficial esophageal cancer...
February 2018: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666798/the-era-of-personalized-multimodal-treatments-for-esophageal-cancer
#11
Po-Kuei Hsu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665050/silence-of-hdac6-suppressed-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-proliferation-and-migration-by-disrupting-chaperone-function-of-hsp90
#12
Hua Tao, Yuan-Yuan Chen, Zong-Wen Sun, Hua-Lin Chen, Ming Chen
Esophageal carcinoma is aggressive in nature and its prognosis is largely dependent on the degree of invasion. Histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6), as the most unique member of HDACs family, has the positive activity to promote initiation and progression of various cancers via targeting multiple non-histone proteins in cytoplasm. In this study, we found that HDAC6 was over-expressed in three esophageal cancer cell lines (KYSE140, KYSE170, KYSE180) when compared to non-carcinoma esophageal epithelial cell HEEC-1. Then two HDAC6 specific siRNAs and HDAC6 inhibitor tubastatin A greatly suppressed KYSE140 and KYSE180 cells proliferation and migration, and the inhibition of cell motility was accompanied by elevated acetylation of α-tubulin, a target of HDAC6...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664654/annual-trends-of-gastrointestinal-cancers-mortality-in-iran-during-1990-2015-nasbod-study
#13
Hamideh Salimzadeh, Farnaz Delavari, Catherine Sauvaget, Negar Rezaee, Alireza Delavari, Farzad Kompani, Nazila Rezaei, Ali Sheidaei, Mitra Modirian, Rosa Haghshenas, Maryam Chegini, Kimiya Gohari, Hossein Zokaiee, Farshad Farzadfar, Reza Malekzadeh
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal (GI) neoplasms are among the most common cancers in Iran. This study aimed to measure annual trends in mortality rates from GI cancers in Iran between 1990 and 2015. METHODS: This study was part of an ongoing study termed the 'National and Subnational Burden of Diseases' study in Iran. Data used in this study was obtained from the Iranian Death Registration System (1995 to 2010) and from 2 major cemeteries in Tehran (1995 to 2010) and Isfahan (2007 to 2010)...
February 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664357/surgery-for-advanced-lung-and-esophageal-cancer-new-horizons-or-false-dawn
#14
Marcello Migliore, Semih Halezeroglu, Antoon Lerut
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663379/phase-ib-ii-study-of-safety-and-efficacy-of-low-dose-decitabine-primed-chemo-immunotherapy-in-patients-with-drug-resistant-relapsed-refractory-alimentary-tract-cancer
#15
Meixia Chen, Jing Nie, Yang Liu, Xiang Li, Yan Zhang, Malcolm V Brock, Kaichao Feng, Zhiqiang Wu, Xiaolei Li, Lu Shi, Suxia Li, Mingzhou Guo, Qian Mei, Weidong Han
The pressing need for improved therapeutic outcomes provides a good rationale for identifying effective strategies for alimentary tract (AT) cancer treatment. The potential re-sensitivity property to chemo- and immunotherapy of low-dose decitabine has been evident both preclinically and in previous phase I trials. We conducted a phase Ib/II trial evaluating low-dose decitabine primed chemo-immunotherapy in patients with drug-resistant relapsed/refractory esophageal, gastric or colorectal cancers. Forty-five patients received either the 5-day decitabine treatment with subsequent re-administration of the previously resistant chemotherapy (decitabine primed chemotherapy, D-C cohort) or the aforementioned regimen followed by cytokine-induced killer cells therapy (decitabine primed chemotherapy and CIK treatment, D-C+CIK cohort) based on their treatment history...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662932/combined-extensive-esophageal-squamous-papillomas-and-florid-cardiac-gland-hyperplasia-in-a-patient-with-adenocarcinoma
#16
Takanori Suganuma, Han-Seung Yoon
We report a rare case of extensive esophageal squamous papillomas (ESPs) involving the entire esophagus and florid cardiac gland hyperplasia involving only the lower esophagus in a 39-year-old woman with heartburn and epigastric distress for the past 2 years. Previous esophagogastroduodenoscopy showed multiple ESPs involving the entire esophagus extending 38 cm from the esophageal orifice to the esophagogastric junction (EGJ). Additionally, prominent cardiac gland hyperplasia over the esophageal posterior wall was exhibited extending 12 cm from the mid-esophagus to the EGJ...
March 2018: GE Portuguese Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662231/processed-meat-and-risk-of-selected-digestive-tract-and-laryngeal-cancers
#17
Valentina Rosato, Daisuke Kawakita, Eva Negri, Diego Serraino, Werner Garavello, Maurizio Montella, Adriano Decarli, Carlo La Vecchia, Monica Ferraroni
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between processed meat and the risk of selected digestive tract and laryngeal cancers. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We conducted a series of case-control studies between 1985 and 2007 in Italy. The studies included a total of 1475 cases of cancer of the oral cavity and pharynx, 1077 of the larynx, 716 of the esophagus, 999 of the stomach, 684 of the liver, 159 of the biliary tract, 688 of the pancreas, and a total of 9720 controls...
April 16, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662196/tocopherols-inhibit-esophageal-carcinogenesis-through-attenuating-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-activation-and-cxcr3-mediated-inflammation
#18
Hui Yang, Miao Xu, Fang Lu, Qiannan Zhang, Yongquan Feng, Chung S Yang, Ning Li, Xudong Jia
Esophageal cancer is one of the common causes of cancer mortality in the world. The predominant histological subtype, esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), often results in poor prognosis due to the lack of effective approaches for the early diagnosis and treatment, highlighting the need for preventive intervention against this disease. Here we report that dietary tocopherols significantly prevents esophageal carcinogenesis by inhibiting the activation of NF-κB and the subsequent interaction of chemokine CXCL9/10/11 with their receptor CXCR3 in ESCC induced by N-nitrosomethylbenzylamine (NMBA) in murine models...
April 17, 2018: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662006/hyperinsulinemia-promotes-esophageal-cancer-development-in-a-surgically-induced-duodeno-esophageal-reflux-murine-model
#19
Diletta Arcidiacono, Arben Dedja, Cinzia Giacometti, Matteo Fassan, Daniele Nucci, Simona Francia, Federico Fabris, Alice Zaramella, Emily J Gallagher, Mauro Cassaro, Massimo Rugge, Derek LeRoith, Alfredo Alberti, Stefano Realdon
Hyperinsulinemia could have a role in the growing incidence of esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) and its pre-cancerous lesion, Barrett's Esophagus, a possible consequence of Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disease. Obesity is known to mediate esophageal carcinogenesis through different mechanisms including insulin-resistance leading to hyperinsulinemia, which may mediate cancer progression via the insulin/insulin-like growth factor axis. We used the hyperinsulinemic non-obese FVB/N (Friend leukemia virus B strain) MKR (muscle (M)-IGF1R-lysine (K)-arginine (R) mouse model to evaluate the exclusive role of hyperinsulinemia in the pathogenesis of EAC related to duodeno-esophageal reflux...
April 14, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661715/expression-and-clinical-significance-of-retinoid-x-receptor-%C3%AE-in-esophageal-carcinoma
#20
Hong-Yue Ren, Yi-He Guo, Li-Min Yang, Tai-Jian Dai, Ming-Zhu Lin, Le Yu, Qi-Gan Zhu, Jia-Rong Meng
PURPOSE: Esophageal carcinoma (EC) is one of the most aggressive type cancers and dysregulation of retinoid X receptor α (RXRα) involves various tumors. However, the relationship of RXRα with the clinicopathological factors of EC, particularly prognostic characteristics, remains unclear. This present study was to evaluate the effect of RXRα expression in the development of EC. METHODS: The mRNA and protein expression level of RXRα in EC and normal esophageal tissues using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blot, respectively...
March 28, 2018: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
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