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Esophageal cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654908/apio-ee-9-is-a-novel-aurora-a-and-b-antagonist-that-suppresses-esophageal-cancer-growth-in-a-pdx-mouse-model
#1
Guoguo Jin, Ke Yao, Zhiping Guo, Zhenjiang Zhao, Kangdong Liu, Fangfang Liu, Hanyong Chen, Dhilli Rao Gorja, Kanamata Reddy, Ann M Bode, Ziming Dong, Zigang Dong
Esophageal cancer (EC) is one of the most aggressive malignancies of the upper aerodigestive tract. Over the past three decades, with advances in surgical techniques and treatment, the prognosis of esophageal cancer has only slowly improved. Thus identifying novel molecular targets and developing therapeutic agents are critical. Aurora kinases play a crucial role in mitosis and selective inhibitors might provide an effective therapeutic treatment for cancer. However, the role of Aurora kinases in EC is still inadequately studied...
June 16, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653878/sirtuin-6-plays-an-oncogenic-role-and-induces-cell-autophagy-in-esophageal-cancer-cells
#2
Nan Huang, Zhiwei Liu, Jiabei Zhu, Zhongqi Cui, Yuguang Li, Yongchun Yu, Fenyong Sun, Qiuhui Pan, Qingyuan Yang
Sirtuin 6, a member of sirtuin family, is generally regarded as a tumor suppressor as it participates in suppressing hypoxia-inducible factor 1α and MYC transcription activity by deacetylating H3K9 (histone H3 lysine 9) and H3K56 (histone H3 lysine) at promoters of target genes, leading to the aerobic glycolysis inhibition and cell growth suppression. However, its expression has recently been reported to be highly elevated in a series of tumors, including prostate cancer, breast cancer, and non-small cell lung cancer, indicating that sirtuin 6 plays dual roles in tumorigenicity in a cell/tumor type-specific manner...
June 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653599/microrna-539-inhibits-the-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-of-esophageal-cancer-cells-by-twist-related-protein-1-mediated-modulation-of-melanoma-associated-antigen-a4-magea4
#3
Zhili Cao, Xiang Zheng, Lei Cao, Naixin Liang
MicroRNAs (miR) play key roles in cancers, yet the potential molecular mechanisms of miR-539 on esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) are not well understood. Screened by informatics method, Twist-related protein 1 (TWIST1) was hypothesized to be a possible target gene of miR-539. Since the melanoma associated antigen (MAGE) A4 is reported to be up-regulated by TWIST1, this study aimed to examine the biological functions and mechanism involving TWIST1 and MAGE4 of miR-539 in ESCC. MiR-539 mimics or scrambled miRs were transfected into human ESCC TE3 cells to interfere the expression of miR-539...
June 12, 2017: Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653519/-dyspnea-and-cardia-cancer-an-unusual-etiology
#4
S Speybrouck, L Claeys, A Hendlisz, A P Meert
CASE REPORT: a 63-year old man, followed for a metastatic cardia cancer, develop a pericardial effusion with sign of pre-tamponade. A CT scanner suggests the presence of a gastro- esophageal-pericardial fistula. A surgical drainage brings a purulent fluid, infected by a polymicrobial flora. Despite early antibiotics with vancomycin and piperacillin-tazobactam, the patient dies five days after the drainage. DISCUSSION: purulent pericarditis associated with gastrointestinal neoplasia may be due to sepsis or a proximity invasion ...
2017: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653172/a-cis-eqtl-genetic-variant-of-the-cancer-testis-gene-ccdc116-is-associated-with-risk-of-multiple-cancers
#5
Na Qin, Cheng Wang, Qun Lu, Tongtong Huang, Meng Zhu, Lihua Wang, Fei Yu, Mingtao Huang, Yue Jiang, Juncheng Dai, Hongxia Ma, Guangfu Jin, Chen Wu, Dongxin Lin, Hongbing Shen, Zhibin Hu
Recent studies have found that cancer-testis (CT) genes, which are expressed predominantly in germ and cancer cells, may be candidate cancer drivers. Because of their crucial roles, genetic variants in these genes may contribute to the development of cancer. Here, we systematically evaluated associations of common variants in CT genes and their promoters for the risk of lung cancer in our initial GWAS (2331 cases and 3077 controls), followed by in silico replication using additional 10,512 lung cancer cases and 9562 controls...
June 26, 2017: Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652774/vasculogenic-mimicry-is-associated-with-increased-tumor-infiltrating-neutrophil-and-poor-outcome-in-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#6
Jingxin Zhang, Guoxia Zhang, Pingping Hu, Guodong Deng, Qiqi Liu, Lili Qiao, Hui Luo, Jiandong Zhang
PURPOSE: Vasculogenic mimicry (VM) is known to be a mechanism to nourish the tumor, but little is known about its prognostic significance in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). We characterized the predictive relevance of VM expression and tumor-infiltrating neutrophil (TIN) density in patients with resectable ESCC. METHODS: We retrospectively collected clinicopathologic characteristics of 117 esophageal cancer (EC) patients undergoing complete resection and without preoperative therapy...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652771/the-prognostic-value-of-cyclooxygenase-2-expression-in-patients-with-esophageal-cancer-evidence-from-a-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Zaoxiu Hu, Yanlong Yang, Yonghe Zhao, Yunchao Huang
Published studies have investigated the prognostic role of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression in patients with esophageal cancer (EC), but the result remains controversial. Thus, this meta-analysis was conducted to comprehensively evaluate the impact of COX-2 expression on the prognostic value in patients with EC. Relevant studies were identified from PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science databases. Studies that detected the COX-2 expression by immunohistochemistry and evaluated the relationship between COX-2 expression and overall survival (OS) or clinicopathological parameters were used in our analysis...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652754/unusual-delayed-presentation-of-diaphragmatic-hernia-complicated-by-transverse-colon-and-total-small-bowel-obstruction-after-postoperative-chemotherapy-of-esophageal-cancer
#8
Yanlai Sun, Lei Yin, Hongfan Xue, Haipeng Wang, Zengjun Li, Jinming Yu
Diaphragmatic hernia (DH) is defined as the passage of abdominal contents into the chest cavity through a defect in the diaphragm. DH occurs after chest or abdominal surgery, and is very rare and sporadically reported in the literature. However, the complications are significant and put the patient at great risk. The aim of the present report was to describe a special case with postesophagectomy diaphragmatic hernia (PDH) because of its appearance during chemotherapy and confusion of the symptoms with the side effects of chemotherapy...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652456/lung-cancer-in-patients-with-severe-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-critical-aspects
#9
Elena Bargagli, Viola Bonti, Katia Ferrari, Elisabetta Rosi, Alessandra Bindi, Maurizio Bartolucci, Moroni Chiara, Luca Voltolini
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a rare interstitial lung disease limited to the lung with an undefined etiopathogenesis and a very short life expectancy (less than 5 years). IPF susceptibility has been associated with several genetic and environmental risk factors and the prognosis is conditioned by comorbidities such as gastro-esophageal reflux, depression, venous thromboembolism, pulmonary hypertension and lung cancer. At 5 years follow-up, 15% of IPF patients develop lung cancer, which can significantly reduce their survival...
July 2017: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651500/spry4-it1-a-novel-oncogenic-long-non-coding-rna-in-human-cancers
#10
Jianfa Li, Yincong Chen, Zhicong Chen, Anbang He, Haibiao Xie, Qiaoxiao Zhang, Zhiming Cai, Yuchen Liu, Weiren Huang
Long non-coding RNAs are classified as a kind of RNA, which are longer than 200 nucleotides in length and cannot be translated into proteins. Multiple studies have demonstrated that long non-coding RNAs are involved in various cellular processes, including proliferation, differentiation, cell death, and metastasis. Among numerous long non-coding RNAs, we focus on Sprouty4-Intron 1 (SPRY4-IT1), a well-known long non-coding RNA that is overexpressed in various kinds of tumor tissues and cell lines. Accumulating evidences show that SPRY4-IT1 was dysregulated in various cancers, including melanoma, breast cancer, esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, non-small cell lung cancer, gastric cancer, colon cancer, and hepatocellular carcinoma, and amplification of SPRY4-IT1 was associated with different clinicopathological features of cancer patients...
June 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651486/overexpressed-ptov1-associates-with-tumorigenesis-and-progression-of-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#11
Rong Li, Ai-Min Leng, Xiao-Ming Liu, Ting-Zi Hu, Lin-Fang Zhang, Ming Li, Xiao-Xia Jiang, Yan-Wu Zhou, Can-Xia Xu
PTOV1 has been demonstrated to play an extensive role in many types of cancers. This study takes the first step to clarify the potential relationship between esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and PTOV1 expression and highlight the link between PTOV1 and the tumorigenesis, progression, and prognosis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. PTOV1 expression was detected by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and western blotting or immunohistochemical staining in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma cell lines, esophageal squamous cell carcinoma tissues, and its paired adjacent non-cancerous tissues...
June 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647983/-spectrum-and-case-fatality-of-inpatients-with-malignant-tumors-from-1995-to-2014-in-shenzhen-city
#12
X B Wang, L C Hong, Y Z Wei, X Fu, X Q Bao, J Zhang, G Hu, S H Wu, J Q Cheng
Objective: To analyze the epidemiological features, spectrum and case fatality of malignant tumor patients in Shenzhen city, to provide evidence for the development of prevention and treatment strategies on malignant tumor in Shenzhen. Methods: All the hospitalized malignant tumor patients including deaths, were monitored from 1995 to 2014 in Shenzhen, and data was analyzed by SPSS 20.0 software. Results: There were 160 988 inpatients of malignant tumors between 1995 and 2014 in Shenzhen. The top three hospitalized tumors were lung (13...
June 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647207/clinical-value-of-mir-425-5p-detection-and-its-association-with-cell-proliferation-and-apoptosis-of-gastric-cancer
#13
Zhuoqi Zhang, Ming Wen, Jian Guo, Jianwei Shi, Zhiyu Wang, Bibo Tan, Gang Zhang, Xiangkui Zheng, Aimin Zhang
Researches have shown that miR-425-5p expression altered in lung, esophageal, and glial cancer. Similarly, in our previous study, we found miR-425-5p expression was up-regulated in GC cells and could promote gastric cancer (GC) cell invasion and metastasis. However, the functional mechanism and the prognostic significance of miR-425-5p in GC remain unclear. Therefore, the present study examined miR-425-5p expression in GC tissues and also evaluated miR-425-5p of the therapeutic and prognostic value. Moreover, with interference of miR-425-5p expression in cell lines, we investigated the molecular mechanism of miR-425-5p and the expression level was higher in GC tissues comparing with that in gastric tumor-adjacent mucosa...
May 31, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647071/volume-outcome-relationships-in-thoracic-surgery
#14
REVIEW
Benjamin D Kozower, George J Stukenborg
Most thoracic surgery studies indicate that hospital and surgeon procedure volume are inversely associated with mortality. However, controversy exists regarding the strength and validity of this volume-outcome association. Because thresholds of procedure volume are used to recommend the regionalization of care, investigation of the volume-outcome relationship is imperative. This article examines the methodology used in the volume-outcome relationship literature and highlights important areas of concern. Careful examination of the literature demonstrates that lung and esophageal cancer resection volume is not strongly associated with mortality and should not be used as a proxy measure for quality...
August 2017: Thoracic Surgery Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647069/oncologic-quality-indicators-in-thoracic-surgery
#15
REVIEW
Jessica Hudson, Tara Semenkovich, Varun Puri
This article outlines a structure for assessing thoracic surgical quality and provides an overview of evidence-based quality metrics for surgical care in both lung cancer and esophageal cancer, with a focus on process and outcome measures in the preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative setting.
August 2017: Thoracic Surgery Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647068/risk-adjustment-and-performance-measurement-for-esophageal-cancer-resection
#16
REVIEW
Stephanie G Worrell, Andrew C Chang
Achieving high-quality care for all patients undergoing esophageal cancer requires identifying and modifying risk factors associated with poor outcomes. These factors occur at different time points from the preoperative to the postoperative periods. A straightforward model for predicting outcomes has proved difficult to identify. This article reviews the current studies addressing risk adjustment and performance measurement for esophageal cancer resection.
August 2017: Thoracic Surgery Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643075/a-standardized-comparison-of-peri-operative-complications-after-minimally-invasive-esophagectomy-ivor-lewis-versus-mckeown
#17
Andrew M Brown, Michael J Pucci, Adam C Berger, Talar Tatarian, Nathaniel R Evans, Ernest L Rosato, Francesco Palazzo
BACKGROUND: While our institutional approach to esophageal resection for cancer has traditionally favored a minimally invasive (MI) 3-hole, McKeown esophagectomy (MIE 3-hole) during the last five years several factors has determined a shift in our practice with an increasing number of minimally invasive Ivor Lewis (MIE IL) resections being performed. We compared peri-operative outcomes of the two procedures, hypothesizing that MIE IL would be less morbid in the peri-operative setting compared to MIE 3-hole...
June 22, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642830/a-rare-case-of-esophageal-adenocarcinoma-with-urinary-bladder-metastasis
#18
Heather Katz, Rahoma E Saad, Krista Denning, Toni O Pacioles
Metastatic esophageal adenocarcinoma to the urinary bladder is extremely rare. We describe a previously healthy 49-year-old female with recent diagnosis of adenocarcinoma of the gastroesophageal junction with metastatic disease to the liver. Biopsy was positive for human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) by Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization (FISH). She received six cycles of Cisplatin, 5-Fluorouracil, and Herceptin and subsequently developed symptomatic anemia and hematuria. Cystoscopy with retroflexion was performed and she received a transurethral resection of bladder tumor with fulguration...
2017: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641390/racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-the-incidence-of-esophageal-cancer-in-the-united-states-1992-2013
#19
Shao-Hua Xie, Sirus Rabbani, Jessica Petrick, Michael B Cook, Jesper Lagergren
Racial and ethnic disparities in the incidence of esophageal cancer have not been thoroughly characterized with quantitative health disparity measures. Using data from 13 cancer registries in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database, we assessed such disparities by histological type during 1992-2013 in the United States based on a variety of disparity metrics. The age-standardized incidence rate of squamous cell carcinoma was highest among blacks, while adenocarcinoma mainly affected white men...
June 21, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640389/efficacy-and-safety-of-recombinant-human-lymphotoxin-%C3%AE-derivative-with-cisplatin-and-fluorouracil-in-patients-with-metastatic-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-randomized-multicenter-open-label-controlled-phase-2b-trial
#20
Feng-Hua Wang, Yun Wang, Guo-Ping Sun, Jian-Hua Chen, Ying-Cheng Lin, Wei Liu, Rong-Sheng Zheng, Jia Chen, He-Long Zhang, Hai-Tao Lan, Jun Qi, Yang-Qing Liu, Yan-Ming Deng, Heng Zhao, Jian-Ping Xiong, Qing Xu, Wen-Qi Jiang, Yu-Hong Li
BACKGROUND: Recombinant human lymphotoxin-α derivative (rhLTα-Da) is a lymphotoxin-α derivative that is missing 27 N-terminal amino acid residues. Previous studies indicated a benefit from the addition of rhLTα-Da to cisplatin-based treatment in patients with metastatic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. The current study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of rhLTα-Da plus cisplatin and fluorouracil (PF) in patients with mESCC. METHODS: Patients from 15 centers in China were randomly assigned (1:1:1) to 3 arms (arm A, PF plus 10 μg/m(2) daily rhLTα-Da; arm B, PF plus 20 μg/m(2) daily rhLTα-Da; arm C, PF alone)...
June 22, 2017: Cancer
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