keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

FIT

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432911/lifting-the-lid-on-geographic-complexity-in-the-relationship-between-body-mass-index-and-education-in-china
#1
Maigeng Zhou, Xiaoqi Feng, Jiang Yong, Yichong Li, Mei Zhang, Andrew Page, Thomas Astell-Burt, Wenhua Zhao
In China, rising obesity has coincided with increasing affluence. Few studies have properly accounted for geographic variation, however, which may influence prior results. Using large data with biomarkers in China, we show body mass index (BMI) to be positively correlated with higher person-level education if estimated using ordinary least squares. In stark contrast, fitting the same data within a multilevel model gives the complete opposite result. We go on to show that the relationship between BMI and person-level education in China is dependent upon geography, underlining why multilevel modelling is crucial for revealing these types of people-place contingencies...
April 19, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432890/characterization-of-spectral-responses-of-dissolved-organic-matter-dom-for-atrazine-binding-during-the-sorption-process-onto-black-soil
#2
Yifan Wang, Xinyuan Zhang, Xing Zhang, Qingjuan Meng, Fengjie Gao, Ying Zhang
This study was aim to investigate the interaction between soil-derived dissolved organic matter (DOM) and atrazine as a kind of pesticides during the sorption process onto black soil. According to the experimental data, the adsorption capacity of Soil + DOM, Soil and DOM were 41.80, 31.45 and 9.35 mg kg(-1), separately, which indicated that DOM significantly enhanced the adsorption efficiency of atrazine by soil. Data implied that the pseudo-second-order kinetic equation could well explain the adsorption process...
April 14, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432712/stroke-etiology-and-collaterals-atheroembolic-strokes-have-greater-collateral-recruitment-than-cardioembolic-strokes
#3
L C Rebello, M Bouslama, D C Haussen, J A Grossberg, S Dehkharghani, A Anderson, S R Belagaje, N A Bianchi, M Grigoryan, M R Frankel, R G Nogueira
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Chronic hypoperfusion from athero-stenotic lesions is thought to lead to better collateral recruitment compared to cardioembolic strokes. It was sought to compare collateral flow in stroke patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) versus stroke patients with cervical atherosclerotic steno-occlusive disease (CASOD). METHOD: This was a retrospective review of a prospectively collected endovascular database. Patients with (i) anterior circulation large vessel occlusion stroke, (ii) pre-treatment computed tomography angiography (CTA) and (iii) intracranial embolism from AF or CASOD were included...
April 21, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432489/design-development-and-clinical-validation-of-computer-aided-surgical-simulation-system-for-streamlined-orthognathic-surgical-planning
#4
REVIEW
Peng Yuan, Huaming Mai, Jianfu Li, Dennis Chun-Yu Ho, Yingying Lai, Siting Liu, Daeseung Kim, Zixiang Xiong, David M Alfi, John F Teichgraeber, Jaime Gateno, James J Xia
PURPOSE: There are many proven problems associated with traditional surgical planning methods for orthognathic surgery. To address these problems, we developed a computer-aided surgical simulation (CASS) system, the AnatomicAligner, to plan orthognathic surgery following our streamlined clinical protocol. METHODS: The system includes six modules: image segmentation and three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction, registration and reorientation of models to neutral head posture, 3D cephalometric analysis, virtual osteotomy, surgical simulation, and surgical splint generation...
April 21, 2017: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432419/-driving-and-dementia-an-issue-for-general-practice
#5
REVIEW
Verena Leve, Katharina Ilse, Marie Ufert, Stefan Wilm, Michael Pentzek
BACKGROUND: With most forms of dementia, the risk of road traffic accidents increases with disease progression. Addressing the issue of fitness to drive at an early stage can help to reduce driving-related risks and simultaneously preserve mobility. General practitioners (GPs) are central contact persons for dementia patients and their relatives in medical and psychosocial matters, and also play a key role in addressing the issue of driving safety. OBJECTIVE: Identification of relevant aspects of managing fitness to drive in dementia, as well as of support requirements for German general practice...
April 21, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432193/randomised-positive-control-trial-of-nsaid-and-antimicrobial-treatment-for-calf-fever-caused-by-pneumonia
#6
S A Mahendran, R Booth, M Burge, N J Bell
One hundred and fifty-four preweaning calves were followed between May and October 2015. Calves were fitted with continuous monitoring temperature probes (TempVerified FeverTag), programmed so a flashing light emitting diode (LED) light was triggered following six hours of a sustained ear canal temperature of ≥39.7°C. A total of 83 calves (61.9 per cent) developed undifferentiated fever, with a presumptive diagnosis of pneumonia through exclusion of other calf diseases. Once fever was detected, calves were randomly allocated to treatment groups...
April 21, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432148/systolic-blood-pressure-trajectory-frailty-and-all-cause-mortality-over-80-years-of-age-cohort-study-using-electronic-health-records
#7
Rathi Ravindrarajah, Nisha C Hazra, Shota Hamada, Judith Charlton, Stephen H D Jackson, Alex Dregan, Martin C Gulliford
Background -Clinical trials show benefit from lowering systolic blood pressure in people aged ≥80 years but non-randomised epidemiological studies suggest lower systolic blood pressure may be associated with higher mortality. This study aimed to evaluate associations of SBP with all-cause mortality by frailty category over 80 years of age and to evaluate SBP trajectories before death. Methods -A population-based cohort study was conducted using electronic health records of 144,403 participants aged 80 and older registered with family practices in the United Kingdom from 2001 to 2014...
April 21, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432099/acute-hepatopancreatic-necrosis-disease-ahpnd-causing-vibrio-parahaemolyticus-strains-maintain-an-antibacterial-type-vi-secretion-system-with-versatile-effector-repertoires
#8
Peng Li, Lisa N Kinch, Ann Ray, Ankur B Dalia, Qian Cong, Linda M Nunan, Andrew Camilli, Nick V Grishin, Dor Salomon, Kim Orth
Acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND) is a newly emerging shrimp disease that has severely damaged the global shrimp industry. AHPND is caused by toxic strains of Vibrio parahaemolyticus (V. parahaemolyticus) that have acquired a "selfish plasmid" encoding the deadly binary toxins PirA(vp)/PirB(vp) To better understand the repertoire of virulence factors in AHPND-causing V. parahaemolyticus, we conducted a comparative analysis using genome sequences of the clinical strain RIMD2210633, environmental non-AHPND and toxic AHPND isolates of V...
April 21, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432085/acute-myeloid-leukaemia-in-a-case-with-tatton-brown-rahman-syndrome-the-peculiar-dnmt3a-r882-mutation
#9
Iris H I M Hollink, Ans M W van den Ouweland, H Berna Beverloo, Susan T C J M Arentsen-Peters, C Michel Zwaan, Anja Wagner
BACKGROUND: Recently a novel syndromic form of overgrowth with intellectual disability and distinct facial features was identified caused by constitutional mutations in the epigenetic regulator DNA-methyltransferase 3A (DNMT3A), referred to as Tatton-Brown-Rahman syndrome (TBRS). Somatically acquired mutations in DNMT3A occur in haematological malignancies and are frequently present in acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) affecting in more than 50% the arginine residue at position 882 (R882)...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432039/simulation-training-evaluating-the-instructor-s-contribution-to-a-wizard-of-oz-simulator-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology-ultrasound-training
#10
Aric Katz, Ronnie Tepper, Avraham Shtub
BACKGROUND: Workplaces today demand graduates who are prepared with field-specific knowledge, advanced social skills, problem-solving skills, and integration capabilities. Meeting these goals with didactic learning (DL) is becoming increasingly difficult. Enhanced training methods that would better prepare tomorrow's graduates must be more engaging and game-like, such as feedback based e-learning or simulation-based training, while saving time. Empirical evidence regarding the effectiveness of advanced learning methods is lacking...
April 21, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431862/application-of-the-cdc-ebolaresponse-modeling-tool-to-disease-predictions
#11
Robert H Gaffey, Cécile Viboud
Model-based predictions were critical in eliciting a vigorous international public health response to the 2014 Ebola Virus Disease outbreak in West Africa. Here, we describe the performances of an extension of the CDC-initiated EbolaResponse Modeling tool to the Ebola Forecasting Challenge, which offered a controlled environment for epidemiological predictions. In the EbolaResponse tool, transmission risks and proportions of population affected by interventions were fitted to data via least square fitting. Prediction performances were evaluated for 5 prediction time points of 4 synthetic outbreaks...
March 10, 2017: Epidemics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431587/psychometric-properties-of-the-sdm-q-9-questionnaire-for-shared-decision-making-in-multiple-sclerosis-item-response-theory-modelling-and-confirmatory-factor-analysis
#12
Javier Ballesteros, Ester Moral, Luis Brieva, Elena Ruiz-Beato, Daniel Prefasi, Jorge Maurino
BACKGROUND: Shared decision-making is a cornerstone of patient-centred care. The 9-item Shared Decision-Making Questionnaire (SDM-Q-9) is a brief self-assessment tool for measuring patients' perceived level of involvement in decision-making related to their own treatment and care. Information related to the psychometric properties of the SDM-Q-9 for multiple sclerosis (MS) patients is limited. The objective of this study was to assess the performance of the items composing the SDM-Q-9 and its dimensional structure in patients with relapsing-remitting MS...
April 22, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431573/a-highly-pathogenic-simian-human-immunodeficiency-virus-effectively-produces-infectious-virions-compared-with-a-less-pathogenic-virus-in-cell-culture
#13
Shoya Iwanami, Yusuke Kakizoe, Satoru Morita, Tomoyuki Miura, Shinji Nakaoka, Shingo Iwami
BACKGROUND: The host range of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is quite narrow. Therefore, analyzing HIV-1 pathogenesis in vivo has been limited owing to lack of appropriate animal model systems. To overcome this, chimeric simian and human immunodeficiency viruses (SHIVs) that encode HIV-1 Env and are infectious to macaques have been developed and used to investigate the pathogenicity of HIV-1 in vivo. So far, we have many SHIV strains that show different pathogenesis in macaque experiments...
April 21, 2017: Theoretical Biology & Medical Modelling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431550/the-physiological-cost-of-male-biased-parasitism-in-a-nearly-monomorphic-mammal
#14
Arturo Oliver-Guimerá, Carlos Martínez-Carrasco, Asta Tvarijonaviciute, María Rocío Ruiz de Ybáñez, Jordi Martínez-Guijosa, Jorge Ramón López-Olvera, Xavier Fernández-Aguilar, Andreu Colom-Cadena, Gregorio Mentaberre, Roser Velarde, Diana Gassó, Mathieu Garel, Luca Rossi, Santiago Lavín, Emmanuel Serrano
BACKGROUND: Even though male-biased parasitism is common in mammals, little effort has been made to evaluate whether higher parasitic burden in males results in an extra biological cost, and thus a decrease in fitness. Body condition impairment and the augmentation of oxidative stress can be used as indicators of the cost of parasite infections. Here, we examined relationships between gastrointestinal and respiratory helminths, body condition and oxidative stress markers (glutathione peroxidase, paraoxonase-1) in 28 Pyrenean chamois (Rupicapra p...
April 21, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431480/predictive-and-prognostic-factors-associated-with-soft-tissue-sarcoma-response-to-chemotherapy-a-subgroup-analysis-of-the-european-organisation-for-research-and-treatment-of-cancer-62012-study
#15
Robin J Young, Saskia Litière, Michela Lia, Pancras C W Hogendoorn, Cyril Fisher, Gunhild Mechtersheimer, Søren Daugaard, Raf Sciot, Françoise Collin, Christina Messiou, Viktor Grünwald, Alessandro Gronchi, Winette van der Graaf, Eva Wardelmann, Ian Judson
BACKGROUND: The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) 62012 study was a Phase III trial of doxorubicin versus doxorubicin-ifosfamide chemotherapy in 455 patients with advanced soft tissue sarcoma (STS). Analysis of the main study showed that combination chemotherapy improved tumor response and progression-free survival, but differences in overall survival (OS) were not statistically significant. We analyzed factors prognostic for tumor response and OS, and assessed histological subgroup and tumor grade as predictive factors to identify patients more likely to benefit from combination chemotherapy...
April 21, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431408/the-effects-of-exercise-modality-during-additional-high-intensity-interval-training-upon-aerobic-fitness-and-strength-in-powerlifting-and-strongman-athletes
#16
Patroklos Androulakis-Korakakis, Louis Langdown, Adam Lewis, James Fisher, Paulo Gentil, Antonio Paoli, James Steele
Powerlifters and strongman athletes have a necessity for optimal levels of muscular strength whilst maintaining sufficient aerobic capacity to perform and recover between events. HIIT has been popularized for its efficacy in improving both aerobic fitness and strength but never assessed within the aforementioned population group. The present study looked to compare the effect of exercise modality, e.g. a traditional aerobic mode (AM), and strength mode, (SM), during HIIT upon aerobic fitness and strength. Sixteen well resistance trained male participants, currently competing in powerlifting and strongman events, completed 8 weeks of approximately effort- and volume-matched HIIT in 2 groups: AM (cycling, n=8) and SM (resistance training, n=8)...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431388/retention-and-transport-of-graphene-oxide-in-water-saturated-limestone-media
#17
Shunan Dong, Yuanyuan Sun, Bin Gao, Xiaoqing Shi, Hongxia Xu, Jianfeng Wu, Jichun Wu
In this work, column experiments were conducted to investigate the transport characteristics of graphene oxide (GO) nanoparticles in limestone media under various electrolytes, solution pH, and humic acid (HA) concentration conditions. In the limestone media, GO exhibited relatively low mobility with the mass recovery rate lower than 65.2%, even when solution ionic strength was low. The presence of HA enhanced its mobility. In addition, the presence of S(2-), a divalent anion, also promoted GO transport in limestone media compared to Cl(-) under similar ionic strength conditions through neutralizing more positive charge and thus diminishing the cation bridging...
April 17, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431311/the-low-lying-electronic-states-and-optical-schemes-for-the-laser-cooling-of-the-bh-and-bh-ions
#18
Qing-Qing Zhang, Chuan-Lu Yang, Mei-Shan Wang, Xiao-Guang Ma, Wen-Wang Liu
The potential energy curves and transition dipole moments for the 1(2)Σ(+), 2(2)Σ(+), 1(2)Π and 2(2)Π electronic states of the two molecules are calculated using multi-reference configuration interaction and the large basis sets aug-cc-pwCV5Z. Based on the obtained potential energy curves, the rotational and vibrational energy levels of the states are obtained by solving the Schrödinger equation of nuclear motion, and the spectroscopic parameters are then obtained by fitting the energy levels to Dunham series expansions...
April 9, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431299/not-that-neglected-base-rates-influence-related-and-unrelated-judgments
#19
Michał Białek
It is claimed that people are unable (or unwilling) to incorporate prior probabilities into posterior assessments, such as their estimation of the likelihood of a person with characteristics typical of an engineer actually being an engineer given that they are drawn from a sample including a very small number of engineers. This paper shows that base rates are incorporated in classifications (Experiment 1) and, moreover, that base rates also affect unrelated judgments, such as how well a provided description of a person fits a stereotypical engineer (Experiment 2)...
April 17, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431281/dengue-virus-replicates-and-accumulates-in-aedes-aegypti-salivary-glands
#20
Vincent Raquin, Louis Lambrechts
Dengue virus (DENV) is an RNA virus transmitted among humans by mosquito vectors, mainly Aedes aegypti. DENV transmission requires viral dissemination from the mosquito midgut to the salivary glands. During this process the virus undergoes several population bottlenecks, which are stochastic reductions in population size that restrict intra-host viral genetic diversity and limit the efficiency of natural selection. Despite the implications for virus transmission and evolution, DENV replication in salivary glands has not been directly demonstrated...
April 18, 2017: Virology
keyword
keyword
22275
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"