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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724273/effects-of-inhaled-salbutamol-on-sport-specific-fitness-of-non-asthmatic-football-players
#1
Farzin Halabchi, Mahdi Abarashi, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Tohid Seifbarghi
In this article, we investigated the effectiveness of inhaled salbutamol withtherapeutic dose on the sport-specific performance of non-asthmatic young football players. In a double-blinded, randomised placebo controlled trial with 2-treatment, 2-period crossover design, twenty participants who were non-asthmatic junior professional football players were randomly allocated to two groups. Fifteen minutes before sport-specific fitness testing, each group randomly received 2 inhalations (200 micrograms) of salbutamol or placebo, respectively...
May 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724223/chromium-vi-adsorption-from-wastewater-using-porous-magnetite-nanoparticles-prepared-from-titanium-residue-by-a-novel-solid-phase-reduction-method
#2
Genkuan Ren, Xinlong Wang, Penghui Huang, Benhe Zhong, Zhiye Zhang, Lin Yang, Xiushan Yang
Porous magnetite nanoparticles were successfully synthesized by reduction of titanium residue with pyrite under nitrogen protection, and characterized by X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, vibrating sample magnetometer, X-ray photoelectron spectroscope, zeta potential and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller method. The XRD analysis confirmed the formation of porous magnetite nanoparticles with single spinel structure. The SEM image demonstrated that porous magnetite nanoparticles displayed spherical shape with the average diameter of ~51nm...
July 13, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724067/multitrait-random-regression-or-simple-repeatability-model-in-high-throughput-phenotyping-data-improve-genomic-prediction-for-wheat-grain-yield
#3
Jin Sun, Jessica E Rutkoski, Jesse A Poland, José Crossa, Jean-Luc Jannink, Mark E Sorrells
High-throughput phenotyping (HTP) platforms can be used to measure traits that are genetically correlated with wheat ( L.) grain yield across time. Incorporating such secondary traits in the multivariate pedigree and genomic prediction models would be desirable to improve indirect selection for grain yield. In this study, we evaluated three statistical models, simple repeatability (SR), multitrait (MT), and random regression (RR), for the longitudinal data of secondary traits and compared the impact of the proposed models for secondary traits on their predictive abilities for grain yield...
July 2017: Plant Genome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724023/-maternal-depressive-symptoms-and-anxiety-and-interference-in-the-mother-child-relationship-based-on-a-prenatal-cohort-an-approach-with-structural-equations-modeling
#4
Adriana Oliveira Dias de Sousa Morais, Vanda Maria Ferreira Simões, Lívia Dos Santos Rodrigues, Rosângela Fernandes Lucena Batista, Zeni Carvalho Lamy, Carolina Abreu de Carvalho, Antônio Augusto Moura da Silva, Marizélia Rodrigues Costa Ribeiro
This study aimed to investigate the association between maternal depressive symptoms and anxiety and interference in the mother/child relationship, using structural equations modeling. Data were used from a prospective cohort study initiated during the prenatal period with 1,140 mothers in São Luís, Maranhão State, Brazil. Data were collected during prenatal care and when the children reached two years of age. Interference in the mother/child relationship was measured with the Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire - PBQ (N = 1,140)...
July 13, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723964/development-of-the-korean-adult-reading-test-kart-to-estimate-premorbid-intelligence-in-dementia-patients
#5
Dahyun Yi, Eun Hyun Seo, Ji Young Han, Bo Kyung Sohn, Min Soo Byun, Jun Ho Lee, Young Min Choe, Suzy Ahn, Jong Inn Woo, Jongho Jun, Dong Young Lee
We aimed to develop a word-reading test for Korean-speaking adults using irregularly pronounced words that would be useful for estimation of premorbid intelligence. A linguist who specialized in Korean phonology selected 94 words that have irregular relationship between orthography and phonology. Sixty cognitively normal elderly (CN) and 31 patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) were asked to read out loud the words and were administered the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, 4th edition, Korean version (K-WAIS-IV)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723960/a-validation-of-11-body-condition-indices-in-a-giant-snake-species-that-exhibits-positive-allometry
#6
Bryan G Falk, Ray W Snow, Robert N Reed
Body condition is a gauge of the energy stores of an animal, and though it has important implications for fitness, survival, competition, and disease, it is difficult to measure directly. Instead, body condition is frequently estimated as a body condition index (BCI) using length and mass measurements. A desirable BCI should accurately reflect true body condition and be unbiased with respect to size (i.e., mean BCI estimates should not change across different length or mass ranges), and choosing the most-appropriate BCI is not straightforward...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723959/a-novel-surveillance-approach-for-disaster-mental-health
#7
Oliver Gruebner, Sarah R Lowe, Martin Sykora, Ketan Shankardass, S V Subramanian, Sandro Galea
BACKGROUND: Disasters have substantial consequences for population mental health. Social media data present an opportunity for mental health surveillance after disasters to help identify areas of mental health needs. We aimed to 1) identify specific basic emotions from Twitter for the greater New York City area during Hurricane Sandy, which made landfall on October 29, 2012, and to 2) detect and map spatial temporal clusters representing excess risk of these emotions. METHODS: We applied an advanced sentiment analysis on 344,957 Twitter tweets in the study area over eleven days, from October 22 to November 1, 2012, to extract basic emotions, a space-time scan statistic (SaTScan) and a geographic information system (QGIS) to detect and map excess risk of these emotions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723912/ginger-and-the-beetle-evidence-of-primitive-pollination-system-in-a-himalayan-endemic-alpine-ginger-roscoea-alpina-zingiberaceae
#8
Babu Ram Paudel, Mani Shrestha, Adrian G Dyer, Qing-Jun Li
The Himalayan endemic alpine genus Roscoea, like other members of ginger family, exhibits the combination of floral traits that would fit pollination by long distant foragers such as bees, birds or flies. We studied the pollination biology of Roscoea alpina, observed potential floral visitors and determined their foraging behaviour, visitation frequency and pollination efficiency, to seek evidence in support of the pollination syndrome hypothesis. We also measured the floral spectra of R. alpina flowers to evaluate if signals fit with the currently known framework for observed floral visitors...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723909/reliability-convergent-validity-and-factor-structure-of-the-dass-21-in-a-sample-of-vietnamese-adolescents
#9
Minh Thi Hong Le, Thach Duc Tran, Sara Holton, Huong Thanh Nguyen, Rory Wolfe, Jane Fisher
OBJECTIVES: To assess the internal consistency, latent structure and convergent validity of the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21) among adolescents in Vietnam. METHOD: An anonymous, self-completed questionnaire was conducted among 1,745 high school students in Hanoi, Vietnam between October, 2013 and January, 2014. Confirmatory factor analyses were performed to assess the latent structure of the DASS-21. Factorial invariance between girls and boys was examined...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723820/the-effects-of-cardiovascular-fitness-and-body-composition-on-maximal-core-temperature-in-collegiate-football-players-during-pre-season
#10
JoAnna M McClelland, Sandra Fowkes Godek, Pamela S Chlad, Deborah L Feairheller, Katherine E Morrison
This study evaluated the effects of BMI and aerobic fitness (VO2max) on maximal core temperature values (Tcmax) in 17 NCAA Division III football players during pre-season. The subjects included nine backs (BKs) and eight linemen (LM). VO2max testing was performed one week prior to pre-season. Core temperature was monitored via ingestible sensor every 10 min during practices on day 4(D1), day 5(D2), day 7(D3), and post-acclimatization on day 14(D4). Wet bulb globe temperature (WBGT) was recorded on each collection day...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723812/effects-of-12-weeks-resistance-training-on-sprint-and-jump-performance-in-competitive-adolescent-rugby-union-players
#11
Simon K Harries, David R Lubans, Anthony Buxton, Thomas H J MacDougall, Robin Callister
Sprint performance is an important characteristic for success in many sports, including rugby union. Resistance training is used to increase muscular fitness (i.e. strength, endurance and power) and may also be effective for improving sprint and jump performances. The aims of this study were to examine the effects of resistance training using two different periodized programs (linear and daily undulating) on sprint and jump performance and explore relationships between performance measures. Sixteen male (16...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723737/how-to-choose-when-implants-of-adjacent-height-both-fit-the-disc-space-properly-in-single-level-cervical-artificial-disc-replacement
#12
Xin Rong, Jigang Lou, Huibo Li, Yang Meng, Hao Liu
In cervical artificial disc replacement (C-ADR), sometimes we encountered with such cases that implants of adjacent height both fit the target disc space properly. No study was available discussing the choice of implant height and the clinical outcomes under such circumstance. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of different implant heights on the clinical outcomes and radiographic results when the implants of adjacent height both fit the disc space properly. This retrospective study included 34 patients underwent single-level C-ADR at the C5-C6 level at our institution...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723513/the-natural-history-and-outcome-predictors-of-metastatic-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer
#13
REVIEW
Robert J van Soest, Jason A Efstathiou, Cora N Sternberg, Bertand Tombal
CONTEXT: Biomarkers for the treatment of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) are urgently needed by clinicians to facilitate treatment decisions. OBJECTIVE: To review current prognostic and predictive biomarkers in mCRPC. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We performed a nonsystematic review of the literature from 2004 to August 2016 by searching in Medline. Cross-matching references were used to search for additional articles. We reviewed clinical research and review articles written in the English language...
December 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723511/fit-patient-with-nonmetastatic-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-and-severe-recurrent-haematuria
#14
Nuradh Joseph, Ananya Choudhury
For biochemical relapse in patients with nonmetastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer previously treated with androgen deprivation alone, external beam radiotherapy to the primary tumour and the pelvic lymph nodes is preferable to radical prostatectomy with lymphadenectomy.
December 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723510/case-presentation-fit-patient-with-nonmetastatic-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-and-severe-recurrent-haematuria
#15
R Jeroen A van Moorselaar
Patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer still need a urologist or radiation oncologist for treatment of local complications. Symptomatic progression will be reduced with treatment of the primary tumour.
December 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723234/flexible-small-molecular-anti-estrogens-with-n-n-dialkylated-2-5-diethoxy-4-morpholinoaniline-scaffold-targets-multiple-estrogen-receptor-conformations
#16
Bethany K Asare, Emmanuel Yawson, Rajendram V Rajnarayanan
Estrogen mediates various cellular processes including cell proliferation, differentiation, growth and mammary gland function. Estrogen Receptors (ERs) are expressed in 70% of breast cancers. Consequently, estrogen mediated ER signaling plays a critical role in breast cancer diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment. Estrogen Receptors are ligand-triggered transcription factors. However, in the absence of a cognate estrogenic ligand, ERs can be activated by a variety of other extracellular signals. Tamoxifen, an anti-estrogen that selectively targets ER, induces substantial regression of breast tumors and an increase in disease-free survival...
July 19, 2017: Cell Cycle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722833/targeted-next-generation-sequencing-using-a-multigene-panel-in-myeloid-neoplasms-implementation-in-clinical-diagnostics
#17
B Maes, J Willemse, A Broekmans, R Smets, B Cruys, N Put, V Madoe, M Janssen, O Soepenberg, G Bries, I Vrelust, R Achten, K Van Pelt, K Buvé, K Theunissen, V Peeters, G Froyen
INTRODUCTION: Detection of mutations in patients with myeloid neoplasms (MNs) has shown great potential for diagnostic and prognostic purposes. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) is currently implemented for the diagnostic profiling of the four major MN subgroups. METHODS: First, we validated the targeted NGS approach using the TruSight Myeloid panel. Next, we screened 287 patients with a clinical suspicion of MN and 61 follow-up patients with documented MN. RESULTS: Validation of the NGS workflow resulted in maximal precision, accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity for gene variants with an allele frequency of at least 5% and a minimal read depth of 300...
July 19, 2017: International Journal of Laboratory Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722789/tailoring-of-the-tell-us-card-communication-tool-for-nurses-to-increase-patient-participation-using-intervention-mapping
#18
Elise van Belle, Sandra M G Zwakhalen, Josien Caris, Ann Van Hecke, Getty Huisman-de Waal, Maud Heinen
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe the tailoring of the Tell-us Card intervention for enhanced patient participation to the Dutch hospital setting by using Intervention Mapping as a systematic approach. BACKGROUND: Even though patient participation is essential in any patient to nurse encounter, care plans often fail to take patients' preferences into account. The Tell-us Card intervention seems promising, but needs to be tailored and tested before implementation in a different setting or on large scale...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722759/lifetime-reproductive-success-selection-on-lifespan-and-multiple-sexual-ornaments-in-male-european-barn-swallows
#19
Alessandra Costanzo, Roberto Ambrosini, Manuela Caprioli, Emanuele Gatti, Marco Parolini, Luca Canova, Diego Rubolini, Andrea Romano, Luca Gianfranceschi, Nicola Saino
Natural and sexual selection arise when individual fitness varies according to focal traits. Extra-pair paternities (EPPs) can affect the intensity of selection by influencing variance in fitness among individuals. Studies of selection require that individual fitness is estimated using proxies of lifetime reproductive success (LRS). However, estimating LRS is difficult in large, open populations where EPPs cause reallocation of biological paternity. Here we used extensive field sampling to estimate LRS in a population of barn swallows (Hirundo rustica) to estimate selection on lifespan and ornamental traits of males...
July 19, 2017: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722645/verification-of-a-proposed-clinical-electroacoustic-test-protocol-for-personal-digital-modulation-receivers-coupled-to-cochlear-implant-sound-processors
#20
Erika L Nair, Rhonda Sousa, Shannon Wannagot
BACKGROUND: Guidelines established by the AAA currently recommend behavioral testing when fitting frequency modulated (FM) systems to individuals with cochlear implants (CIs). A protocol for completing electroacoustic measures has not yet been validated for personal FM systems or digital modulation (DM) systems coupled to CI sound processors. In response, some professionals have used or altered the AAA electroacoustic verification steps for fitting FM systems to hearing aids when fitting FM systems to CI sound processors...
July 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
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