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Apophysitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630847/hyperplasia-of-lamina-and-spinous-process-of-c5-vertebrae-and-associated-hemivertebra-at-c4-level
#1
Raja Rameez Farooqi, Mufti Mehmood, Hilal A Kotwal
INTRODUCTION: Congenital variants of the cervical spine may mimic traumatic lesions and may cause recurrent episodes of pain. The spectrum of cervical variants includes persistent apophyses of the transverse processes, persistent epiphyses, vertebral platyspondylia, vertebral hypoplasia, and dysplasia of the vertebral arch. Furthermore, abnormalities of the spinous process have been described including doubled spinous processes and hypertrophies. Unilateral hyperplasia of a spinous process is a rare finding that has only been described rarely as case reports...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593576/treatment-of-osgood-schlatter-disease-review-of-the-literature
#2
REVIEW
E Circi, Y Atalay, T Beyzadeoglu
BACKGROUND: Osgood-Schlatter disease (OSD) is a self-limiting condition which occurs commonly in adolescence. PURPOSE: The objective of this article is to review published literature regarding pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment of OSD. METHODS: A search of the literature was performed on the electronic databases PubMed, Cochrane and SCOPUS databases between 1962 and 2016 for pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment of Osgood-Schlatter disease...
June 7, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589162/age-specific-prevalence-and-clinical-characteristics-of-humeral-medial-epicondyle-apophysitis-and-osteochondritis-dissecans-ultrasonographic-assessment-of-4249-players
#3
Kenichi Otoshi, Shinichi Kikuchi, Kinshi Kato, Ryohei Sato, Takahiro Igari, Takahiro Kaga, Shinichi Konno
BACKGROUND: Traction apophysitis of medial epicondyle (MEC) lesions and osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) of the capitellum are common elbow injuries in adolescent baseball players. However, the age-specific prevalence of these pathologies and their influence on elbow pain remain unknown. PURPOSE: To investigate the age-specific prevalence of each MEC lesion and capitellar OCD and to identify the incidence of elbow pain in each condition. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study...
May 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584699/difference-on-cone-size-preferences-between-two-coniferous-species-by-great-spotted-woodpecker-dendrocopos-major
#4
Łukasz Dylewski, Reuven Yosef, Łukasz Myczko
The number of species that specialize in pre-dispersal seed predation is relatively small. Examples of specialized pre-dispersal seed predators adapted to feeding on closed cones include vertebrate species like Crossbills, Squirrels, Nutcrackers and Woodpeckers. Seed predation selects against certain phenotypic features of cones and favors another phenotypic features. In this study, we document preferences of the Great Spotted Woodpecker (Dendrocopos major) for specific traits in the cones of Norway spruce (Picea abies) and Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris)...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559749/effect-of-mulligan-concept-lumbar-snag-on-chronic-nonspecific-low-back-pain
#5
Hisham Mohamed Hussien, Neveen Abdellatif Abdel-Raoof, Omaima Mohamed Kattabei, Hassan Hussien Ahmed
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the outcomes of adding lumbar sustained natural apophyseal glide (SNAG) to a conventional therapy program for chronic nonspecific low back pain (LBP). METHODS: Forty-two participants with chronic nonspecific LBP were randomly divided into 2 groups. The study group (aged 27.1 ± 8.3, 20 men, 3 women) received a conventional physical therapy program consisted of stretching and strengthening exercises plus SNAG (based on the Mulligan concept) on the affected lumbar levels, and the control group (aged 28...
June 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537411/-treatment-of-pelvic-avulsion-fractures-in-children-and-adolescents
#6
A Stančák, J Kautzner, T Trč, V Havlas
INTRODUCTION: Paediatric avulsion fractures of the pelvis and hip joint are rare injuries most commonly associated with a rapid muscle contraction of the respected apophysis, which is the weakest component of the growing skeleton. The chosen therapy option can be either conservative or surgical. METHODS: We present a cohort of 69 patients treated for an apophyseal avulsion fracture of the anterior superior / inferior iliac spine, the lesser and greater trochanters iliac crest and the ischial tubercle...
2017: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503415/kickboxing-power-hour-case-report-of-fifth-metatarsal-apophysitis-iselin-disease-and-its-magnetic-resonance-imaging-features
#7
Nishant Gupta, Komal Sharma, Itisha Bansal, Yogesh Kumar, Daichi Hayashi
Youth now-a-days are getting more involved in mixed martial arts, with increasing number of cases of lateral foot pain due to various causes. The differential diagnoses of lateral foot pain in the pediatric population include avulsion fracture of the fifth metatarsal base, Jones fracture, diaphyseal stress fracture as well as os vesalianum pedis. We present a case of a 15-year-old athletic boy who presented with left lateral foot pain for a few weeks. The patient was actively involved in Kickboxing as well as active running...
April 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500483/the-effect-of-repetitive-flexion-and-extension-fatigue-loading-on-the-young-porcine-lumbar-spine-a-feasibility-study-of-mri-and-histological-analyses
#8
Olof Thoreson, Lars Ekström, Hans-Arne Hansson, Carl Todd, Wisam Witwit, Anna Swärd Aminoff, Pall Jonasson, Adad Baranto
BACKGROUND: The biomechanical mechanisms of failure of FSUs have been studied but the correlation of repetitive flexion and extension loadings to the initial phase of fatigue in young FSUs are still not known. The purpose of the study was to examine the fatigue results of low magnitude repetitive flexion and extension loading on porcine lumbar Functional Spinal Units (FSUs) with Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and histology. METHODS: Eight FSUs were subject to repetitive pivot flexion and eight to extension loading by a protocol of 20 000 cycles at 1 Hz with a load of 700 N...
December 2017: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491203/traumatic-lumbar-vertebral-ring-apophysis-fracture-with-disk-herniation-in-an-adolescent
#9
Geetanjalee Kadam, Kaustubh Narsinghpura, Sonali Deshmukh, Sanjay Desai
We present a case of a 15-year-old male with history of back pain and bilateral lower limb radiculopathy due to fall. The magnetic resonance imaging scan showed disc bulge at L2-L3 level causing compression on contained nerve roots. In this case, computed tomography scan was indispensable for diagnosis and classification of the vertebral apophyseal fracture and to guide appropriate further management. Apophyseal ring fracture is an uncommon cause of back pain with radiculopathy in adolescents and athletes. High degree of suspicion is necessary to differentiate these injuries from disc herniation so as to further guide appropriate conservative or surgical management...
June 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474620/bone-marrow-extract-as-a-growth-supplement-for-human-iliac-apophyseal-chondrocyte-culture
#10
Balasubramanian Balakumar, Karthikeyan Rajagopal, Vrisha Madhuri
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Human bone marrow is rich in various growth factors which may support the chondrocyte growth. This study was conducted to compare the culture characteristics of human growth plate chondrocyte in foetal bovine serum (FBS) and human autologous bone marrow extract (BME) in monolayer culture. METHODS: Iliac crest apophyseal cartilage was harvested from four donors, aged between two and nine years, undergoing hip surgery. Chondrocytes were propagated under two culture conditions, with 10 per cent FBS and 10 per cent autologous BME harvested from the same donors...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467569/medial-calcaneal-neuropathy-a-rare-cause-of-prolonged-heel-pain
#11
Banu Kuran, Tolga Aydoğ, Cem Erçalık, Pınar Arda, Figen Yılmaz, Beril Doğu, Julide Öncü, Gülgün Durlanık
Pain heel constitutes 15% of foot pain. Pain may be caused by plantar fasciitis, calcaneal fractures, calcaneal apophysitis, heel pad atrophy, inflammatory diseases or related with nerve involvement. Tibial, plantar and/or medial nerve entrapment are the neural causes of pain. Most of the heel soft tissue sensation is provided by medial calcaneal nerve. Diagnosis of heel pain due to neural causes depends on history and a careful examination. Surgery should not be undertaken before excluding other causes of heel pain...
January 2017: Aǧrı: Ağrı (Algoloji) Derneği'nin Yayın Organıdır, the Journal of the Turkish Society of Algology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437548/arthroscopic-treatment-of-a-displaced-nonunion-of-the-anterior-inferior-iliac-spine-causing-extra-articular-impingement
#12
Motoi Shibahara, Yasuo Ohnishi, Eisaburo Honda, Dean K Matsuda, Soshi Uchida
This report describes a case of nonunion of an anterior inferior iliac spine (AIIS) apophyseal avulsion fracture with resultant subspine impingement combined with symptomatic femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). A 16-year-old male soccer player presented with a 6-month history of right groin pain exacerbated by kicking and running. The patient was diagnosed with a displaced nonunion of the AIIS apophysis avulsion fracture causing secondary extra-articular impingement beyond cam-type FAI by physical examination and radiological findings...
April 24, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420360/operative-versus-conservative-treatment-of-apophyseal-avulsion-fractures-of-the-pelvis-in-the-adolescents-a-systematical-review-with-meta-analysis-of-clinical-outcome-and-return-to-sports
#13
H Eberbach, L Hohloch, M J Feucht, L Konstantinidis, N P Südkamp, J Zwingmann
BACKGROUND: Avulsion fractures of the pelvic apophyses typically occur in adolescent athletes due to a sudden strong muscle contraction while growth plates are still open. The main goals of this systematic review with meta-analysis were to summarize the evidence on clinical outcome and determine the rate of return to sports after conservative versus operative treatment of avulsion fractures of the pelvis. METHODS: A systematic search of the Ovid database was performed in December 2016 to identify all published articles reporting outcome and return to preinjury sport-level after conservative or operative treatment of avulsion fractures of the pelvis in adolescent patients...
April 19, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409337/surgical-considerations-with-the-operative-fixation-of-unstable-paediatric-pelvic-ring-injuries
#14
Mohamed Kenawey
INTRODUCTION: The operative treatment of unstable pelvic injuries in paediatrics is not frequently indicated. The detailed modes of pelvic ring failure, surgical techniques, fixation choices, and peri-operative difficulties are not well reported. METHODS: From September 2010 to March 2016, 62 paediatric patients were admitted to an academic level I trauma center with the diagnosis of pelvic ring injury. Of them, 29 (17 males and 12 females) had operative fixation of unstable pelvic injuries...
April 13, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355677/imaging-of-the-pediatric-knee
#15
Jessica R Leschied, Kara Gaetke Udager
The knee joint is commonly injured in the young athlete. This article discusses the common injury patterns around the knee that are unique to this patient population. Pediatric patients have relative weak points at their physes and apophyses that result in different forces on ligaments and bones during injury compared with adults. Common pathologic findings seen on imaging include patellar and patellar tendon injury, physeal fractures, osteochondral abnormality, ligament tears, and meniscal injury. Imaging studies are also performed to evaluate pediatric patients after surgical knee injury repair, and radiologists should be familiar with certain pediatric-specific knee repair techniques and their imaging appearances...
April 2017: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291142/lower-extremity-avulsion-fractures-in-the-pediatric-and-adolescent-athlete
#16
Jonathan Schiller, Steven DeFroda, Travis Blood
Lower extremity avulsion fractures are uncommon in the pediatric population and can be misdiagnosed without proper imaging and/or clinical suspicion for these injuries. The most common locations of avulsion injuries are the ischial tuberosity, anterior superior iliac spine, and anterior inferior iliac spine. Less often, avulsion fractures occur in the tibial tubercle, calcaneus, and greater and lesser trochanters. When treated properly with rest and altered weight bearing, most of these injuries heal without complication...
April 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250144/whole-spine-computed-tomography-findings-in-sapho-syndrome
#17
Wenrui Xu, Chen Li, Xue Zhao, Jie Lu, Li Li, Nan Wu, Yuzhi Zuo, Hongli Jing, Zhenhua Dong, Wen Zhang, Weihong Zhang
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the whole-spine computed tomography (CT) findings in patients with synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, and osteitis (SAPHO) syndrome to improve our understanding of this rare disease. METHODS: Whole-spine CT images obtained in 69 patients with SAPHO were reviewed. For each individual, a total of 25 vertebrae were evaluated for the distribution of affected vertebrae, CT manifestations of vertebral lesions, symmetry and location of distribution of the lesions on vertebrae, involvement pattern, and narrowing of adjacent intervertebral disc space...
May 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211671/organic-solar-cells-based-on-wo2-72-nanowire-anode-buffer-layer-with-enhanced-power-conversion-efficiency-and-ambient-stability
#18
Longzhen You, Bin Liu, Tao Liu, Bingbing Fan, Yunhao Cai, Lin Guo, Yanming Sun
Tungsten oxide as an alternative to conventional acidic PEDOT:PSS has attracted much attention in organic solar cells (OSCs). However, the vacuum-processed WO3 layer and high-temperature sol-gel hydrolyzed WOX are incompatible with large-scale manufacturing of OSCs. Here, we report for the first time that a specific tungsten oxide WO2.72 (W18O49) nanowire can function well as the anode buffer layer. The nw-WO2.72 film exhibits a high optical transparency. The power conversion efficiency (PCE) of OSCs based on three typical polymer active layers PTB7:PC71BM, PTB7-Th:PC71BM, and PDBT-T1:PC71BM with nw-WO2...
April 3, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051829/apophyseal-and-epiphyseal-knee-injuries-in-the-adolescent-athlete
#19
P Persiani, F M Ranaldi, A Formica, M Mariani, O Mazza, M Crostelli, C Villani
OBJECTIVES: In the context of pediatric sports injuries, the epiphyseal and apophyseal knee fractures represent rather peculiar lesions. The most frequently involved anatomical area is the knee. The peculiar function of the physis and the need to preserve their integrity, makes choosing what treatment methods to employ very important. Objective of this study is to assess the kind and the effectiveness of the most suitable treatment in the apophyseal and epiphyseal knee lesions occurring in the adolescents...
November 2016: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988759/three-new-and-a-known-species-of-the-genus-i-proleptonchus-i-lordello-1955-nematoda-leptonchidae-with-a-diagnostic-compendium-of-the-genus
#20
Sumaya Ahad, Wasim Ahmad
This paper deals with the description of three new and one known species of the genus Proleptonchus Lordello, 1955. Proleptonchus kazirangus n. sp. from Kaziranga National Park, India is characterized by having 1.08-1.45 mm long body; cap-like, offset, lip region; 7-8 µm long odontostyle and 10-12 µm long odontophore; short, pear-shaped pharyngeal bulb offset by a constriction, occupying about 18-21% of total neck length; female genital system mono-prodelphic; pars dilatata uteri with distinctly sclerotized central lumen containing refringent apophyses; posterior uterine sac 78-112 µm long, with sac-like structure representing a rudimentary oviduct; transverse vulva, short, rounded-conoid tail and males with 31-33 µm long spicules, lateral guiding pieces and seven, regularly spaced ventromedian supplements...
November 9, 2016: Zootaxa
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