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Apophysitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159479/operative-treatment-of-pelvic-apophyseal-avulsions-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-athletes-a-follow-up-study
#1
Juha-Jaakko Sinikumpu, Iftach Hetsroni, Ernest Schilders, Lasse Lempainen, Willy Serlo, Sakari Orava
INTRODUCTION: Pelvic apophyseal avulsion can limit young athletes' performance for months and may result in permanent disability. Nonoperative treatment is most commonly preferred, while surgical management with reduction and fixation is reserved for selected cases. Our aim was to evaluate outcomes of operative management of pelvic apophyseal avulsions in a series of adolescents and young adult athletes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Operative room registries and medical records were reviewed to identify patients who received surgical treatment for pelvic apophyseal avulsions who were younger than 24 years and with a minimum of 12 month follow-up...
November 20, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046079/iliac-crest-apophyseal-insufficiency-avulsion-fractures
#2
H E Matar, S Tripathi, D J Miller
Iliac crest apophyseal avulsion fractures are rare injuries caused mainly through forceful contraction of attached muscles during high level sporting activities. We present the first case of a spontaneous iliac crest apophyseal avulsion insufficiency fracture in a patient with severe atopic eczema on oral steroids and review the relevant literature.
October 19, 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038952/lateral-lumbar-interbody-fusion-outcomes-and-complications
#3
REVIEW
Stephan N Salzmann, Jennifer Shue, Alexander P Hughes
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) is a relatively new, minimally invasive technique for interbody fusion. The goal of this review is to provide a general overview of LLIF with a special focus on outcomes and complications. RECENT FINDINGS: Since the first description of the technique in 2006, the indications for LLIF have expanded and the rate of LLIF procedures performed in the USA has increased. LLIF has several theoretical advantages compared to other approaches including the preservation of the anterior and posterior annular/ligamentous structures, insertion of wide cages resting on the dense apophyseal ring bilaterally, and augmentation of disc height with indirect decompression of neural elements...
December 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985751/assessment-of-the-kinesiotherapy-s-efficacy-in-male-athletes-with-calcaneal-apophysitis
#4
Ersin Kuyucu, Barış Gülenç, Hüseyin Biçer, Mehmet Erdil
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to assess the efficacy of kinesiotherapy used for treating various disorders in athletes on pain and pedal functions in patients with calcaneal apophysitis. METHODS: This prospective randomized controlled study included 22 patients with calcaneal apophysitis aged 8 to 16 years presenting with heel pain among junior athletes of a professional football club. The patients were randomly grouped into two groups, with one group receiving sham tape only and the other kinesio tape...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918493/study-of-lesions-of-the-lumbar-endplate-based-on-the-stage-of-maturation-of-the-lumbar-vertebral-body-the-relationship-between-skeletal-maturity-and-chronological-age
#5
Hideyuki Uraoka, Kosaku Higashino, Masatoshi Morimoto, Kazuta Yamashita, Fumitake Tezuka, Yoichiro Takata, Toshinori Sakai, Akihiro Nagamachi, Masaaki Murase, Koichi Sairyo
The lesion of the lumbar endplate is sometimes identified in the vertebrae of children and adolescents. The purpose of this study is to compare between skeletal maturity and chronological age. The second purpose of this study is to clarify the lesions of the lumbar endplate based on the maturation of the lumbar vertebral body. Six hundred and thirty-two (485 men and 147 women) consecutive patients were included. The mean age at the first medical examination was 13.8 years. Their skeletal maturity was evaluated based on the appearances of the secondary ossification center of L3...
September 16, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842092/iselin-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Richard A Forrester, Alistair I Eyre-Brook, Ken Mannan
Iselin's disease was first described in 1912. It is a condition affecting the tuberosity of the base of the fifth metatarsal. It has been described as a traction apophysitis predominately affecting adolescents, in particular those who partake in regular sporting activity. The condition is rarely reported and likely to remain undiagnosed, possibly mistaken for a fracture. The present report reviewed the available published data to highlight this condition as a differential diagnosis in patients with fifth metatarsal pain...
September 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762709/treatment-for-calcaneal-apophysitis
#7
Katherine Uvelli, Jon O Neher, Sarah Safranek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 15, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705373/magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-nonneoplastic-musculoskeletal-pathologies-in-the-pelvis
#8
Sindhura Alapati, Vibhor Wadhwa, Aparna Komarraju, Carey Guidry, Tarun Pandey
Musculoskeletal pathologies in the pelvis encompass a wide variety of lesions including femoroacetabular impingement, athletic pubalgia, ischiofemoral impingement, and apophyseal avulsion injuries. Magnetic resonance imaging is the noninvasive imaging modality of choice for the diagnosis and management of these lesions. In this article, the authors discuss the nonneoplastic musculoskeletal lesions in the pelvis, with illustrations and relevant case examples.
June 2017: Seminars in Ultrasound, CT, and MR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630847/hyperplasia-of-lamina-and-spinous-process-of-c5-vertebrae-and-associated-hemivertebra-at-c4-level
#9
Raja Rameez Farooqi, Mufti Mehmood, Hilal A Kotwal
INTRODUCTION: Congenital variants of the cervical spine may mimic traumatic lesions and may cause recurrent episodes of pain. The spectrum of cervical variants includes persistent apophyses of the transverse processes, persistent epiphyses, vertebral platyspondylia, vertebral hypoplasia, and dysplasia of the vertebral arch. Furthermore, abnormalities of the spinous process have been described including doubled spinous processes and hypertrophies. Unilateral hyperplasia of a spinous process is a rare finding that has only been described rarely as case reports...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593576/treatment-of-osgood-schlatter-disease-review-of-the-literature
#10
REVIEW
E Circi, Y Atalay, T Beyzadeoglu
BACKGROUND: Osgood-Schlatter disease (OSD) is a self-limiting condition which occurs commonly in adolescence. PURPOSE: The objective of this article is to review published literature regarding pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment of OSD. METHODS: A search of the literature was performed on the electronic databases PubMed, Cochrane and SCOPUS databases between 1962 and 2016 for pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment of Osgood-Schlatter disease...
June 7, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589162/age-specific-prevalence-and-clinical-characteristics-of-humeral-medial-epicondyle-apophysitis-and-osteochondritis-dissecans-ultrasonographic-assessment-of-4249-players
#11
Kenichi Otoshi, Shinichi Kikuchi, Kinshi Kato, Ryohei Sato, Takahiro Igari, Takahiro Kaga, Shinichi Konno
BACKGROUND: Traction apophysitis of medial epicondyle (MEC) lesions and osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) of the capitellum are common elbow injuries in adolescent baseball players. However, the age-specific prevalence of these pathologies and their influence on elbow pain remain unknown. PURPOSE: To investigate the age-specific prevalence of each MEC lesion and capitellar OCD and to identify the incidence of elbow pain in each condition. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study...
May 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584699/difference-on-cone-size-preferences-between-two-coniferous-species-by-great-spotted-woodpecker-dendrocopos-major
#12
Łukasz Dylewski, Reuven Yosef, Łukasz Myczko
The number of species that specialize in pre-dispersal seed predation is relatively small. Examples of specialized pre-dispersal seed predators adapted to feeding on closed cones include vertebrate species like Crossbills, Squirrels, Nutcrackers and Woodpeckers. Seed predation selects against certain phenotypic features of cones and favors another phenotypic features. In this study, we document preferences of the Great Spotted Woodpecker (Dendrocopos major) for specific traits in the cones of Norway spruce (Picea abies) and Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris)...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559749/effect-of-mulligan-concept-lumbar-snag-on-chronic-nonspecific-low-back-pain
#13
Hisham Mohamed Hussien, Neveen Abdellatif Abdel-Raoof, Omaima Mohamed Kattabei, Hassan Hussien Ahmed
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the outcomes of adding lumbar sustained natural apophyseal glide (SNAG) to a conventional therapy program for chronic nonspecific low back pain (LBP). METHODS: Forty-two participants with chronic nonspecific LBP were randomly divided into 2 groups. The study group (aged 27.1 ± 8.3, 20 men, 3 women) received a conventional physical therapy program consisted of stretching and strengthening exercises plus SNAG (based on the Mulligan concept) on the affected lumbar levels, and the control group (aged 28...
June 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537411/-treatment-of-pelvic-avulsion-fractures-in-children-and-adolescents
#14
A Stančák, J Kautzner, T Trč, V Havlas
INTRODUCTION: Paediatric avulsion fractures of the pelvis and hip joint are rare injuries most commonly associated with a rapid muscle contraction of the respected apophysis, which is the weakest component of the growing skeleton. The chosen therapy option can be either conservative or surgical. METHODS: We present a cohort of 69 patients treated for an apophyseal avulsion fracture of the anterior superior / inferior iliac spine, the lesser and greater trochanters iliac crest and the ischial tubercle...
2017: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503415/kickboxing-power-hour-case-report-of-fifth-metatarsal-apophysitis-iselin-disease-and-its-magnetic-resonance-imaging-features
#15
Nishant Gupta, Komal Sharma, Itisha Bansal, Yogesh Kumar, Daichi Hayashi
Youth now-a-days are getting more involved in mixed martial arts, with increasing number of cases of lateral foot pain due to various causes. The differential diagnoses of lateral foot pain in the pediatric population include avulsion fracture of the fifth metatarsal base, Jones fracture, diaphyseal stress fracture as well as os vesalianum pedis. We present a case of a 15-year-old athletic boy who presented with left lateral foot pain for a few weeks. The patient was actively involved in Kickboxing as well as active running...
April 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500483/the-effect-of-repetitive-flexion-and-extension-fatigue-loading-on-the-young-porcine-lumbar-spine-a-feasibility-study-of-mri-and-histological-analyses
#16
Olof Thoreson, Lars Ekström, Hans-Arne Hansson, Carl Todd, Wisam Witwit, Anna Swärd Aminoff, Pall Jonasson, Adad Baranto
BACKGROUND: The biomechanical mechanisms of failure of FSUs have been studied but the correlation of repetitive flexion and extension loadings to the initial phase of fatigue in young FSUs are still not known. The purpose of the study was to examine the fatigue results of low magnitude repetitive flexion and extension loading on porcine lumbar Functional Spinal Units (FSUs) with Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and histology. METHODS: Eight FSUs were subject to repetitive pivot flexion and eight to extension loading by a protocol of 20 000 cycles at 1 Hz with a load of 700 N...
December 2017: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491203/traumatic-lumbar-vertebral-ring-apophysis-fracture-with-disk-herniation-in-an-adolescent
#17
Geetanjalee Kadam, Kaustubh Narsinghpura, Sonali Deshmukh, Sanjay Desai
We present a case of a 15-year-old male with history of back pain and bilateral lower limb radiculopathy due to fall. The magnetic resonance imaging scan showed disc bulge at L2-L3 level causing compression on contained nerve roots. In this case, computed tomography scan was indispensable for diagnosis and classification of the vertebral apophyseal fracture and to guide appropriate further management. Apophyseal ring fracture is an uncommon cause of back pain with radiculopathy in adolescents and athletes. High degree of suspicion is necessary to differentiate these injuries from disc herniation so as to further guide appropriate conservative or surgical management...
June 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474620/bone-marrow-extract-as-a-growth-supplement-for-human-iliac-apophyseal-chondrocyte-culture
#18
Balasubramanian Balakumar, Karthikeyan Rajagopal, Vrisha Madhuri
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Human bone marrow is rich in various growth factors which may support the chondrocyte growth. This study was conducted to compare the culture characteristics of human growth plate chondrocyte in foetal bovine serum (FBS) and human autologous bone marrow extract (BME) in monolayer culture. METHODS: Iliac crest apophyseal cartilage was harvested from four donors, aged between two and nine years, undergoing hip surgery. Chondrocytes were propagated under two culture conditions, with 10 per cent FBS and 10 per cent autologous BME harvested from the same donors...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467569/medial-calcaneal-neuropathy-a-rare-cause-of-prolonged-heel-pain
#19
Banu Kuran, Tolga Aydoğ, Cem Erçalık, Pınar Arda, Figen Yılmaz, Beril Doğu, Julide Öncü, Gülgün Durlanık
Pain heel constitutes 15% of foot pain. Pain may be caused by plantar fasciitis, calcaneal fractures, calcaneal apophysitis, heel pad atrophy, inflammatory diseases or related with nerve involvement. Tibial, plantar and/or medial nerve entrapment are the neural causes of pain. Most of the heel soft tissue sensation is provided by medial calcaneal nerve. Diagnosis of heel pain due to neural causes depends on history and a careful examination. Surgery should not be undertaken before excluding other causes of heel pain...
January 2017: Aǧrı: Ağrı (Algoloji) Derneği'nin Yayın Organıdır, the Journal of the Turkish Society of Algology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437548/arthroscopic-treatment-of-a-displaced-nonunion-of-the-anterior-inferior-iliac-spine-causing-extra-articular-impingement
#20
Motoi Shibahara, Yasuo Ohnishi, Eisaburo Honda, Dean K Matsuda, Soshi Uchida
This report describes a case of nonunion of an anterior inferior iliac spine (AIIS) apophyseal avulsion fracture with resultant subspine impingement combined with symptomatic femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). A 16-year-old male soccer player presented with a 6-month history of right groin pain exacerbated by kicking and running. The patient was diagnosed with a displaced nonunion of the AIIS apophysis avulsion fracture causing secondary extra-articular impingement beyond cam-type FAI by physical examination and radiological findings...
July 1, 2017: Orthopedics
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