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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880748/cdc-grand-rounds-family-history-and-genomics-as-tools-for-cancer-prevention-and-control
#1
Juan L Rodriguez, Cheryll C Thomas, Greta M Massetti, Debra Duquette, Lindsay Avner, John Iskander, Muin J Khoury, Lisa C Richardson
Although many efforts in cancer prevention and control have routinely focused on behavioral risk factors, such as tobacco use, or on the early detection of cancer, such as colorectal cancer screening, advances in genetic testing have created new opportunities for cancer prevention through evaluation of family history and identification of cancer-causing inherited mutations. Through the collection and evaluation of a family cancer history by a trained health care provider, patients and families at increased risk for a hereditary cancer syndrome can be identified, referred for genetic counseling and testing, and make informed decisions about options for cancer risk reduction (1)...
November 25, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870565/concurrent-chemotherapy-and-radiation-therapy-for-inoperable-locally-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#2
Kenneth E Rosenzweig, Jorge E Gomez
The Oncology Grand Rounds series is designed to place original reports published in the Journal into clinical context. A case presentation is followed by a description of diagnostic and management challenges, a review of the relevant literature, and a summary of the authors' suggested management approaches. The goal of this series is to help readers better understand how to apply the results of key studies, including those published in Journal of Clinical Oncology, to patients seen in their own clinical practice...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858235/expert-s-comment-concerning-grand-rounds-case-entitled-tophaceous-gout-of-the-lumbar-spine-mimicking-a-spinal-meningioma-by-pedro-ribeiro-da-cunha-ferreira-ant%C3%A3-nio-judice-peliz-and-marcos-barbosa-eur-spine-j-2016-doi-10-1007-s00586-016-4831-7
#3
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855138/cdc-grand-rounds-a-public-health-approach-to-detect-and-control-hypertension
#4
Rikita Merai, Claudia Siegel, Michael Rakotz, Peter Basch, Janet Wright, Betty Wong, Phoebe Thorpe
Hypertension is generally defined as systolic blood pressure ≥140 mmHg, or diastolic blood pressure ≥90 mmHg. A person who currently uses blood pressure-lowering medication is also defined as having hypertension. Hypertension is a leading risk factor for cardiovascular disease and stroke (1,2). Hypertension affects nearly one third of U.S. residents aged ≥18 years (approximately 75 million persons), and in approximately one half of adults with hypertension (nearly 35 million persons), it is uncontrolled (2)...
November 18, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821081/management-of-controversial-gastroenteropancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumour-clinical-situations-with-somatostatin-analogues-results-of-a-delphi-questionnaire-panel-from-the-netpraxis-program
#5
Isabel Sevilla, Ángel Segura, Jaume Capdevila, Carlos López, Rocío García-Carbonero, Enrique Grande
BACKGROUND: There are clinical situations (CS) in which the use of somatostatin analogs (SSAs) in patients with neuroendocrine tumors (NET) is controversial due to lack of evidence. A Delphi study was conducted to develop common treatment guidelines for these CS, based on clinical practice and expert opinion of Spanish oncologists. METHODS: A scientific committee identified 5 CS with a common core (c-c) [non-functioning NET, not susceptible of surgery/locoregional therapy, Ki67 < 10 % (except for CS5: >10 %), ECOG ≤ 2], and controversy regarding use of SSAs, and prepared a Delphi questionnaire of 48 treatment statements...
November 7, 2016: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802861/financial-impact-of-a-targeted-reduction-in-cardiac-enzyme-testing-at-a-community-hospital
#6
Li Zhang, Anne M Sill, Ilene Young, Sabreen Ahmed, Maria Morales, Sapna Kuehl
OBJECTIVES: Nearly one-third of healthcare costs are potentially avoidable and would not compromise medical care if eliminated. Therefore, we sought to evaluate the financial impact of reduction in use of creatinine kinase (CK)-MB and myoglobin tests after removing them from the cardiac enzyme order set at a community hospital. METHODS: Grand rounds were held, and an email notification was sent to de-emphasize the use of CK, CK-MB, myoglobin, SGOT (glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase), and SGPT (serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase) in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) work up...
2016: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776722/infectious-diseases-and-the-criminal-justice-system
#7
Ank E Nijhawan
The United States leads the world in incarceration, which disproportionately affects disadvantaged individuals, including those who are mentally ill, poor, homeless and racial minorities. Incarceration is disruptive to families and communities and contributes to health disparities in sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The objective of this grand rounds is to review (1) the epidemiology of incarceration in the United States, (2) the social factors which contribute to high rates of STIs in incarcerated individuals and (3) the HIV care cascade in incarcerated and recently released individuals...
October 2016: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762006/resident-grand-rounds
#8
Tobias Wasser, David A Ross
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758896/surgeon-authored-virtual-laparoscopic-adrenalectomy-module-is-judged-effective-and-preferred-over-traditional-teaching-tools
#9
Sergei Kurenov, Juan Cendan, Saleh Dindar, Kristopher Attwood, James Hassett, Ruth Nawotniak, Gregory Cherr, William G Cance, Jörg Peters
OBJECTIVE: The study assesses user acceptance and effectiveness of a surgeon-authored virtual reality (VR) training module authored by surgeons using the Toolkit for Illustration of Procedures in Surgery (TIPS). METHODS: Laparoscopic adrenalectomy was selected to test the TIPS framework on an unusual and complex procedure. No commercial simulation module exists to teach this procedure. A specialist surgeon authored the module, including force-feedback interactive simulation, and designed a quiz to test knowledge of the key procedural steps...
October 6, 2016: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743203/expert-s-comment-concerning-grand-rounds-case-entitled-increased-intrathecal-pressure-after-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-an-illustrative-case-presentation-and-a-review-of-the-literature-by-grassner-l-winkler-pa-strowitzki-m-et-al-eur-spine-j-2016-doi-10-1007
#10
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730186/key-paediatric-messages-from-amsterdam
#11
Jonathan Grigg, Jürg Barben, Kajsa Bohlin, Mark L Everard, Graham Hall, Mariëlle Pijnenburg, Kostas N Priftis, Franca Rusconi, Fabio Midulla
The Paediatric Assembly of the European Respiratory Society (ERS) maintained its high profile at the 2015 ERS International Congress in Amsterdam. There were symposia on preschool wheeze, respiratory sounds and cystic fibrosis; an educational skills workshop on paediatric respiratory resuscitation; a hot topic session on risk factors and early origins of respiratory diseases; a meet the expert session on paediatric lung function test reference values; and the annual paediatric grand round. In this report the Chairs of the Paediatric Assembly's Groups highlight the key messages from the abstracts presented at the Congress...
April 2016: ERJ Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699399/should-we-screen-for-type-2-diabetes-grand-rounds-discussion-from-beth-israel-deaconess-medical-center
#12
Gerald W Smetana, Martin J Abrahamson, David M Rind
The prevalence of diabetes in the United States is rising. Twelve percent of U.S. adults have diabetes and another 37% have impaired fasting glucose or impaired glucose tolerance. Diabetes is a major risk factor for such outcomes as cardiovascular disease, blindness, chronic kidney disease, and limb amputation. An important consideration is whether screening for abnormal glucose levels or diabetes reduces cardiovascular or all-cause morbidity and mortality. In October 2015, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force published recommendations on screening for abnormal blood glucose and concluded that intensive lifestyle interventions have a moderate benefit in reducing progression to diabetes in patients who have abnormal blood glucose levels detected by screening...
October 4, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687287/taking-osce-examiner-training-on-the-road-reaching-the-masses
#13
Katharine Reid, David Smallwood, Margo Collins, Ruth Sutherland, Agnes Dodds
BACKGROUND: To ensure the rigour of objective structured clinical examinations (OSCEs) in assessing medical students, medical school educators must educate examiners with a view to standardising examiner assessment behaviour. Delivering OSCE examiner training is a necessary yet challenging part of the OSCE process. A novel approach to implementing training for current and potential OSCE examiners was trialled by delivering large-group education sessions at major teaching hospitals. METHODS: The 'OSCE Roadshow' comprised a short training session delivered in the context of teaching hospital 'Grand Rounds' to current and potential OSCE examiners...
2016: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27641775/neonate-with-mycoplasma-hominis-meningoencephalitis-given-moxifloxacin
#14
Joanne G Wildenbeest, Ines Said, Bregje Jaeger, Reinier M van Hest, Diederik van de Beek, Dasja Pajkrt
Mycoplasma hominis is a commensal organism in the genitourinary tract that can cause life-threatening CNS infections in neonates after intrauterine infection or through vertical transmission during birth. We present a case of an 11-day-old neonate presenting with fever and supporting laboratory evidence of a CNS infection. No systemic maternal infection or maternal genitourinary tract infection occurred at the time of delivery. Empirical treatment was initiated, consisting of amoxicillin, cefotaxime, and aciclovir...
September 15, 2016: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613007/expert-s-comment-concerning-grand-rounds-case-entitled-a-case-of-severe-and-rigid-congenital-thoracolumbar-lordoscoliosis-with-diastematomyelia-presenting-with-type-2-respiratory-failure-managed-by-staged-correction-with-controlled-axial-traction-by-v-kanagaraju
#15
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601551/optimizing-treatment-for-elderly-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-multiple-myeloma-a-personalized-approach
#16
Alessandra Larocca, Antonio Palumbo
The Oncology Grand Rounds series is designed to place original reports published in the Journal into clinical context. A case presentation is followed by a description of diagnostic and management challenges, a review of the relevant literature, and a summary of the authors' suggested management approaches. The goal of this series is to help readers better understand how to apply the results of key studies, including those published in Journal of Clinical Oncology, to patients seen in their own clinical practice...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601550/timing-is-everything-what-is-the-optimal-duration-after-chemoradiation-for-surgery-for-rectal-cancer
#17
Karyn A Goodman
The Oncology Grand Rounds series is designed to place original reports published in the Journal into clinical context. A case presentation is followed by a description of diagnostic and management challenges, a review of the relevant literature, and a summary of the authors' suggested management approaches. The goal of this series is to help readers better understand how to apply the results of key studies, including those published in Journal of Clinical Oncology, to patients seen in their own clinical practice...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598065/infusion-nursing-grand-rounds-and-educational-posters-ins-2016-annual-convention-and-industrial-exhibition-may-14-19-2016
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of Infusion Nursing: the Official Publication of the Infusion Nurses Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27584004/cdc-grand-rounds-preventing-suicide-through-a-comprehensive-public-health-approach
#19
Corinne David-Ferdon, Alex E Crosby, Eric D Caine, Jarrod Hindman, Jerry Reed, John Iskander
Suicide in the United States is a major public health problem with approximately 42,000 reported suicides in 2014 among persons aged >10 years (1). The overall suicide rate is increasing, with a 27% increase from 2000 (12.1 per 100,000 population) to 2014 (15.4 per 100,000) (Figure 1). Males, youths and young adults, and certain racial/ethnic groups have historically had higher rates of suicide. In 2014, suicide rates were approximately four times higher among males (24.3 per 100,000) than females (6.8 per 100,000), and suicide was the second leading cause of death among youths and young adults aged 10-34 years (1)...
2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573664/salvage-radiotherapy-for-biochemically-recurrent-prostate-cancer-after-prostatectomy
#20
Zachary S Zumsteg, Timothy J Daskivich, Howard M Sandler
The Oncology Grand Rounds series is designed to place original reports published in the Journal into clinical context. A case presentation is followed by a description of diagnostic and management challenges, a review of the relevant literature, and a summary of the authors' suggested management approaches. The goal of this series is to help readers better understand how to apply the results of key studies, including those published in Journal of Clinical Oncology, to patients seen in their own clinical practice...
August 29, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
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