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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352748/use-of-e-learning-in-clinical-clerkships-effects-on-acquisition-of-dermatological-knowledge-and-learning-processes
#1
Frederike Fransen, Herm Martens, Ivo Nagtzaam, Sylvia Heeneman
Objectives: To obtain a deeper understanding of how the e-learning program, Education in Dermatology (ED), affects the acquisition of dermatological knowledge and the underlying learning processes of medical students in their clinical phase. Methods: The study used a mixed method design with a convergent parallel collection of data. Medical students (n=62) from Maastricht University (The Netherlands) were randomized to either a conventional teaching group (control group n=30) or conventional teaching plus the e-learning program (application on smartphone) group (e-learning group n=32)...
January 17, 2018: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351677/use-of-risk-model-for-assessment-of-residents-perception-of-complexity-of-surgical-steps-example-of-modular-component-steps-of-lumbar-spinal-fusion-surgery
#2
Jeffrey S Raskin, Jesse J Liu, Katherine Holste, Sarah Brown, Fran Hardaway, Priscilla Pang, Ahmed M Raslan
BACKGROUND: Quality improvement projects increasingly emphasize standardization of surgical work flow to optimize operative room efficiency. Removing special cause variability resulting from nonsurgical waste is an obvious target; however, resident surgical education must be maintained, even in the setting of process improvement. OBJECTIVE: To describe the impact of resident-identified "risky" or "uncomfortable" procedural steps on operative time during transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF)...
February 1, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351050/hidden-medical-devices-in-the-school-setting-what-the-school-nurse-needs-to-know-about-the-safe-use-of-baclofen-pumps
#3
Barbara Obst, Megan Roesler
One of the "hidden" medical devices in the school setting is the baclofen pump, which is used for the treatment of spasticity. The goals of spasticity treatment are to decrease muscle tone, deformity, and pain in order to maximize function and ease of care for both child and caregiver. The use of an intrathecal baclofen pump, often for children with cerebral palsy, spinal cord injury, brain injury, or stroke, has been effective in spasticity treatment. It is important for school nurses to be aware of the safety implications associated with this type of device...
January 1, 2018: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349842/is-end-of-life-a-special-case-connecting-q-with-survey-methods-to-measure-societal-support-for-views-on-the-value-of-life-extending-treatments
#4
Helen Mason, Marissa Collins, Neil McHugh, Jon Godwin, Job Van Exel, Cam Donaldson, Rachel Baker
Preference elicitation studies reporting societal views on the relative value of end-of-life treatments have produced equivocal results. This paper presents an alternative method, combining Q methodology and survey techniques (Q2S) to determine the distribution of 3 viewpoints on the relative value of end-of-life treatments identified in a previous, published, phase of this work. These were Viewpoint 1, "A population perspective: value for money, no special cases"; Viewpoint 2, "Life is precious: valuing life-extension and patient choice"; and Viewpoint 3, "Valuing wider benefits and opportunity cost: the quality of life and death...
January 19, 2018: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346365/the-iscb-student-council-internship-program-expanding-computational-biology-capacity-worldwide
#5
Jigisha Anupama, Margherita Francescatto, Farzana Rahman, Nazeefa Fatima, Dan DeBlasio, Avinash Kumar Shanmugam, Venkata Satagopam, Alberto Santos, Pandurang Kolekar, Magali Michaut, Emre Guney
Education and training are two essential ingredients for a successful career. On one hand, universities provide students a curriculum for specializing in one's field of study, and on the other, internships complement coursework and provide invaluable training experience for a fruitful career. Consequently, undergraduates and graduates are encouraged to undertake an internship during the course of their degree. The opportunity to explore one's research interests in the early stages of their education is important for students because it improves their skill set and gives their career a boost...
January 2018: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344534/the-effect-of-self-care-education-on-emotional-intelligence-and-hba1c-level-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#6
Salma Tavakol Moghadam, Seyed Saeed Najafi, Shahrzad Yektatalab
Background: The role of Emotional Intelligence (EI) in glycemic control in type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM) has not been fully understood. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of self-care education on EI and hemoglobin glycosylated (HbA1c) in patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods: In this randomized controlled clinical trial, 48 patients with type 2 DM referred to Shahid Motahari Diabetes Center in 2015 were divided into an intervention and a control group using block randomization...
January 2018: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344461/using-role-plays-as-an-empathy-education-tool-for-ophthalmology-postgraduate
#7
Kirti Singh, Mainak Bhattacharyya, Vikas Veerwal, Arshi Singh
Purpose: To assess the role of an "empathy sensitizing module" (ESM) in ophthalmology postgraduates in promoting effective empathetic communication. Methodology: Thirty-nine ophthalmology postgraduates were taught effective empathetic communication using specially designed module, comprising of five illustrative role-plays. We evaluated the impact of the training by (a) self-assessment of empathy quotient by residents using Jefferson Scale of Empathy (JSE scale) before and 6 weeks after ESM training and (b) nonparticipant observation (NPO) by trained faculty in real-life settings over the next 4 months...
December 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344040/health-journalism-health-reporting-status-and-challenges
#8
Mahrokh Keshvari, Niko Yamani, Peyman Adibi, Hossein Shahnazi
Background: Media play crucial role in disseminating health information. Due to the importance of accurate health news reports, and the national need to professionalism in health journalism, this study aimed to investigate the characteristics of health journalists, and health reporting status and the challenges involved. Materials and Methods: Using consensus sampling, this descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on all health news reporters in Isfahan (34 journalists) in 2015-2016...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336346/future-of-urology-training
#9
Selcuk Sarikaya, Aurus Dourado Meneses, Giovanni Enrico Cacciamani, Juan Gómez Rivas
Urology has become more complex through the years, as it comprises increasingly sophisticated medical and surgical technologies such as advanced medical tumour therapies, and endourological, laparoscopicand robotic surgical techniques. Training in urology starts during medical school and once a medical student chooses to specialize on it, becomes life-long. Becoming a good urologist requires a highly qualified education and sufficient experience. To devise a training programme of high proficiency, several important factors must be considered...
January 2018: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336330/-the-current-urological-training-program-in-spain-urology-national-specialty-commission
#10
José Ramón Cortiñas-González, Laura Pesquera-Ortega
OBJECTIVES: 44/2003 Law involved the creation of the National Council of Specialties in Health Sciences and the National Commissions of the Specialties in Health Sciences. METHODS: Analysis of the main laws implicated in Specialized Training and the role of the National Specialty Commission. DISCUSSION: 44/2003 Law regulates the training of health professionals and establishes the procedure for the training programs creation by the National Specialty Commission and its later approval and publication in the BOE...
January 2018: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335037/is-freedom-still-therapy-the-40th-anniversary-of-the-italian-mental-health-care-reform
#11
A Fioritti
On 13 May 1978, the Italian Parliament approved Law 180, universally known as 'Basaglia Law' after the name of the leader of the anti-institutional movement which promoted this radical community mental health care reform. Forty years later, Italian psychiatry still runs a community care system, albeit with degrees of solidity and quality very varied along the peninsula. Mental health care is still an integral part of the National Health System, with liberal regulations on coercion and a lowest number of general hospital and residential facilities beds...
January 16, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334444/pregnancy-and-parenthood-during-medical-school
#12
Emma M Bye, Brody W Brisk, Suzanne D Reuter, Keith A Hansen, Mary D Nettleman
PURPOSE: The stress of pregnancy and parenthood during the intense educational experience of medical school could increase the risk of student burnout. Because 9.2 percent of U.S. medical students are parents by graduation, it would seem prudent to include this topic in wellness programs and policies. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of pregnancy and parenthood on medical students. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional, internet survey distributed to all four classes of medical students at the University of South Dakota Sanford School of Medicine during the 2016-2017 academic year...
December 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332271/biodegradation-of-plastics-current-scenario-and-future-prospects-for-environmental-safety
#13
Temoor Ahmed, Muhammad Shahid, Farrukh Azeem, Ijaz Rasul, Asad Ali Shah, Muhammad Noman, Amir Hameed, Natasha Manzoor, Irfan Manzoor, Sher Muhammad
Plastic is a general term used for a wide range of high molecular weight organic polymers obtained mostly from the various hydrocarbon and petroleum derivatives. There is an ever-increasing trend towards the production and consumption of plastics due to their extensive industrial and domestic applications. However, a wide spectrum of these polymers is non-biodegradable with few exceptions. The extensive use of plastics, lack of waste management, and casual community behavior towards their proper disposal pose a significant threat to the environment...
January 13, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331279/dynamics-of-spatiotemporal-distribution-of-schistosomiasis-in-hubei-province-china
#14
Yan-Yan Chen, Jian-Bing Liu, Yong Jiang, Guo Li, Xiao-Wei Shan, Juan Zhang, Shun-Xiang Cai, Xi-Bao Huang
Schistosomiasis caused by parasitic flatworms of blood flukes, remains a major public health concern in China. The significant progress in controlling schistosomiasis in China over the past decades has resulted in the remarkable reduction in the prevalence and intensity of Schistosoma japonicum infection to an extremely low level. Therefore, the elimination of schistosomiasis has been promoted by the Chinese national government. Hubei Province is the major endemic area, that is, along the middle and low reaches of the Yangtze River in the lake and marshland regions of southern China...
January 10, 2018: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329584/validity-of-the-school-setting-interview-for-students-with-special-educational-needs-in-regular-high-school-a-rasch-analysis
#15
Moa Yngve, Michaela Munkholm, Helene Lidström, Helena Hemmingsson, Elin Ekbladh
BACKGROUND: Participation in education is a vital component of adolescents' everyday life and a determinant of health and future opportunities in adult life. The School Setting Interview (SSI) is an instrument which assesses student-environment fit and reflects the potential needs for adjustments to enhance students' participation in school activities. The aim of the study was to investigate the psychometric properties of the SSI for students with special educational needs in regular high school...
January 12, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329387/patients-with-acephalic-spermatozoa-syndrome-linked-to-sun5-mutations-have-a-favorable-pregnancy-outcome-from-icsi
#16
Jianzheng Fang, Jingjing Zhang, Fuxi Zhu, Xiaoyu Yang, Yugui Cui, Jiayin Liu
STUDY QUESTION: Are Sad1 and UNC84 domain containing 5 (SUN5) mutations associated with the outcomes of ICSI in patients with acephalic spermatozoa syndrome (ASS)? SUMMARY ANSWER: Despite highly abnormal sperm morphology, ASS patients with SUN5 mutations have a favorable pregnancy outcome following ICSI. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: ASS is a rare cause of infertility characterized by the production of a majority of headless spermatozoa, along with a small proportion of intact spermatozoa with an abnormal head-tail junction...
January 10, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329213/a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-association-between-infant-hepatitis-b-vaccine-exposure-in-boys-and-the-risk-of-adverse-effects-as-measured-by-receipt-of-special-education-services
#17
David A Geier, Janet K Kern, Kristin G Homme, Mark R Geier
The National Center for Education Statistics reported that between 1990-2005 the number of children receiving special education services (SES) rose significantly, and then, from 2004-2012, the number declined significantly. This coincided with the introduction of Thimerosal-containing hepatitis B vaccine in 1991, and the subsequent introduction of Thimerosal-reduced hepatitis B vaccine in the early 2000s. This study examined the potential relationship between infant exposure to mercury from three doses of Thimerosal-containing hepatitis B vaccine and the risk of boys being adversely affected (as measured by receipt of SES)...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327723/the-role-of-the-consultant-in-restorative-dentistry
#18
U R Darbar
The role of a hospital consultant has changed extensively over the past decade as the National Health Service has progressed through a series of challenges including an ageing population and rising costs of clinical care. The traditional concept of a consultant has changed with different and increased expectations of the role as the pressures to deliver high quality patient care, education and advice continue to rise in a difficult financial climate. In addition, consultants in restorative dentistry are faced with the challenge of a poor general awareness of the scope of their speciality and their role...
January 12, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326446/special-feature-what-role-do-alternative-realities-play-in-educating-dentists
#19
Caroline Holland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325541/interprofessional-collaboration-in-nursing-homes-interprof-development-and-piloting-of-measures-to-improve-interprofessional-collaboration-and-communication-a-qualitative-multicentre-study
#20
Christiane A Müller, Nina Fleischmann, Christoph Cavazzini, Susanne Heim, Svenja Seide, Christina Geister, Britta Tetzlaff, Andreas Hoell, Jochen Werle, Siegfried Weyerer, Martin Scherer, Eva Hummers
BACKGROUND: Given both the increase of nursing home residents forecast and challenges of current interprofessional interactions, we developed and tested measures to improve collaboration and communication between nurses and general practitioners (GPs) in this setting. Our multicentre study has been funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (FK 01GY1124). METHODS: The measures were developed iteratively in a continuous process, which is the focus of this article...
January 11, 2018: BMC Family Practice
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