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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927231/leadership-succession-future-proofing-pipelines
#1
Saul Taylor, Howard Youngs
The challenges in deaf education illustrate the requirement and importance of leadership in this specialized field. The significant and impending talent depletion unfolding as baby-boomers retire, positions leadership succession planning as a strategic issue. This mixed methods study is the first of its kind in New Zealand. The aim is to understand leadership demographics and assumptions to determine the need for strategic succession planning to identify and address leaky pipelines. The findings from 82% of the deaf education workforce through a questionnaire and interviews with seven senior leaders reveal that senior leaders do not appear aware of four key areas that dissuade and shrink the pool of potential leadership aspirants...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921621/-but-we-want-to-work-the-movement-of-child-workers-in-peru-and-the-actions-for-reducing-child-labor
#2
Isidro Maya Jariego
The program Edúcame Primero (Educate Me First) is an evidence-based practice for eradicating child labor that has been applied with positive results in Colombia, Peru, and several Central American countries. In this article, we describe the difficulties of implementing the program in two poor areas of Lima (Peru) between 2014 and 2016. Specifically, we discuss three ethical challenges faced during the implementation of the program: (a) the existence of a movement of working children that defends the right of children to work; (b) the polarization of some community-based associations and government institutions on how to deal with the problems of working children; and (c) the use of network indicators in the evaluation of the community's level of cohesion...
September 18, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916160/-sociodemographic-and-health-related-determinants-of-health-care-utilisation-and-access-to-primary-and-specialist-care-results-of-a-nationwide-population-survey-in-germany-2006-2016
#3
Florian Tille, Bernhard Gibis, Klaus Balke, Adelheid Kuhlmey, Susanne Schnitzer
BACKGROUND: The aim of this paper is to identify systematic differences due to sociodemographic and health-related determinants in outpatient healthcare utilisation and access in Germany for the period from 2006 to 2016. The study focuses on frequent users and those reporting particularly long wait times for their physician appointments and contributes to assessing the level of health equity in Germany. METHODS: The investigation draws on nine population surveys conducted by the German National Association of Statutory Health Insurance Physicians (NASHIP), which interviewed 42,925 respondents aged 18 and above...
September 12, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913834/which-children-and-young-people-are-excluded-from-school-findings-from-a-large-british-birth-cohort-study-the-avon-longitudinal-study-of-parents-and-children-alspac
#4
A Paget, C Parker, J Heron, S Logan, W Henley, A Emond, T Ford
BACKGROUND: Exclusion from school is increasingly recognized as pertinent to child health. National educational data reveal that boys, children who are looked-after, living in poverty, have special educational needs, or from certain ethnic minorities, are disproportionately excluded from school. As population-based data on the wider characteristics of excluded children are scarce, we aimed to describe predictors of school exclusion in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children...
September 14, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913703/using-technology-and-assessment-to-personalize-instruction-preventing-reading-problems
#5
Carol McDonald Connor
Children who fail to learn to read proficiently are at serious risk of referral to special education, grade retention, dropping out of high school, and entering the juvenile justice system. Accumulating research suggests that instruction regimes that rely on assessment to inform instruction are effective in improving the implementation of personalized instruction and, in turn, student learning. However, teachers find it difficult to interpret assessment results in a way that optimizes learning opportunities for all of the students in their classrooms...
September 15, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912190/invitations-received-from-potential-predatory-publishers-and-fraudulent-conferences-a-12-month-early-career-researcher-experience
#6
Eric Mercier, Pier-Alexandre Tardif, Lynne Moore, Natalie Le Sage, Peter A Cameron
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: This study aims to describe all unsolicited electronic invitations received from potential predatory publishers or fraudulent conferences over a 12-month period following the first publication as a corresponding author of a junior academician. STUDY DESIGN: Unsolicited invitations received at an institutional email address and perceived to be sent by predatory publishers or fraudulent conferences were collected. RESULTS: A total of 502 invitations were included of which 177 (35...
September 14, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910341/individual-household-and-contextual-factors-associated-with-skilled-delivery-care-in-ethiopia-evidence-from-ethiopian-demographic-and-health-surveys
#7
Markos Mezmur, Kannan Navaneetham, Gobopamang Letamo, Hadgu Bariagaber
Despite evidence that social contexts are key determinants of health, research into factors associated with maternal health service utilization in Ethiopia has often focused on individual and household factors. The downside is that this underestimates the importance of taking contextual factors into account when planning appropriate interventions in promoting safe motherhood in the country. The purpose of this study is to fill this knowledge gap drawing attention to the largely unexplored contextual factors affecting the uptake of skilled attendance at delivery in a nationally representative sample...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910231/professionals-attitude-toward-reporting-child-sexual-abuse-in-saudi-arabia
#8
Dalia M Al-Saif, Majid Al-Eissa, Hassan Saleheen, Huda Al-Mutlaq, Mark D Everson, Maha A Almuneef
Child sexual abuse (CSA) requires specialized knowledge and training that includes forensic interview skills. The aim of this study was to determine variations in professionals' attitudes toward CSA by measuring three aspects of forensic attitudes (sensitivity, specificity, and skepticism) and evaluating disagreements concerning the assessment of CSA cases in Saudi Arabia. A cross-sectional, web-based study, in which the Child Forensic Attitude Scale was used to measure professionals' attitudes, was conducted...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906409/the-study-on-the-core-personality-trait-words-of-chinese-medical-university-students-based-on-social-network-analysis
#9
Ying Wu, Yunzhen Xue, Zhanling Xue
The medical university students in China whose school work is relatively heavy and educational system is long are a special professional group. Many students have psychological problems more or less. So, to understand their personality characteristics will provide a scientific basis for the intervention of psychological health.We selected top 30 personality trait words according to the order of frequency. Additionally, some methods such as social network analysis (SNA) and visualization technology of mapping knowledge domain were used in this study...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904248/the-system-and-human-resources-for-occupational-health-in-republic-of-indonesia-for-japanese-enterprises-to-manage-proper-occupational-health-activities-at-overseas-workplaces
#10
Ko Hiraoka, Shigeyuki Kajiki, Yuichi Kobayashi, Nuri Purwito Adi, Dewi Sumaryani Soemarko, Masamichi Uehara, Shigemoto Nakanishi, Koji Mori
OBJECTIVES: To consider the appropriate occupational health system for Japanese enterprises in Indonesia with information on the regulations and development of the specialists. METHODS: In this study, we used the information-gathering checklist developed by Kajiki et al. Along with literature and internet surveys, we surveyed local corporations owned and operated by Indonesians, central government agencies in charge of medical and health issues, a Japanese independent administrative agency supporting subsidiaries of overseas Japanese enterprises, and an educational institution formulating specialized occupational physician training curricula...
September 13, 2017: Sangyō Eiseigaku Zasshi, Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901840/reentry-program-and-social-work-education-training-the-next-generation-of-criminal-justice-social-workers
#11
Nancy D Franke, Dan Treglia, Ram A Cnaan
PURPOSE: Social work plays a marginal role in opposing the trend of mass incarceration and high rates of recidivism, and social work education offers limited opportunities for students to specialize in working with people who are currently or were previously incarcerated. How to train students of social work to work against mass-incarceration is still challenging. METHODS: The authors devised and implemented an in-school social service agency devoted to working with people pre and post release from a prison system...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901477/simultaneous-multi%C3%A2-gene-mutation-screening-using-snpscan-in-patients-from-ethnic-minorities-with-nonsyndromic-hearing%C3%A2-impairment-in-northwest-china
#12
Shi-Hong Duan, Jian-Li Ma, Xiao-Long Yang, Yu-Fen Guo
The present study aimed to investigate the molecular etiology of nonsyndromic hearing impairment (HI) in hearing impaired populations of Hui, Tibetan, and Tu ethnicities in northwest China. A total of 283 unrelated subjects with HI who attended special education schools in northwest China were enrolled in the present study. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in three common deafness‑related genes, gap junction protein β2 (GJB2), solute carrier family 26 member 4 (SLC26A4) and mitochondrially encoded 12S RNA (mtDNA12SrRNA), were detected using a SNPscan technique...
September 7, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900627/predictors-of-hypertension-among-nonpregnant-females-attending-health-promotion-clinic-with-special-emphasis-on-smokeless-tobacco-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Devika Bhatt, Shashi Sharma, Ruchika Gupta, Dhirendra N Sinha, Ravi Mehrotra
AIM: To determine the predictors of hypertension among nonpregnant females attending a health promotion clinic. DESIGN AND SETTING: A cross-sectional study was conducted during March to June 2016, at the National Institute of Cancer Prevention and Research, India. METHODS: The study included 319 nonpregnant females of age 20-70 years. Demographics such as age, literacy, and income were noted. History regarding use, frequency, and quantity of smokeless tobacco was taken...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899223/triggers-for-attempted-suicide-in-istanbul-youth-with-special-reference-to-their-socio-demographic-background
#14
Türkan Akkaya-Kalayci, Nestor D Kapusta, Dietmar Winkler, Oswald D Kothgassner, Christian Popow, Zeliha Özlü-Erkilic
OBJECTIVE: Suicidal behavior of young people is a topic of utmost importance because suicide is irreversible, and should be prevented. Knowing about the psychosocial background and the triggering events could help in preventing suicidal behavior. We therefore aimed at identifying psychosocial factors that may trigger suicidal behavior in youth. METHODS: We analyzed retrospectively the standardized records of 2232 youths aged ≤25 years, who were treated after a suicide attempt at emergency units of public hospitals in Istanbul, Turkey during a period of 1 year...
September 12, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894534/exploring-the-perception-of-aid-organizations-staff-about-factors-affecting-management-of-mass-casualty-traffic-incidents-in-iran-a-grounded-theory-study
#15
Javad Bazeli, Aidin Aryankhesal, Davoud Khorasani-Zavareh
BACKGROUND: Traffic incidents are of main health issues all around the world and cause countless deaths, heavy casualties, and considerable tangible and intangible damage. In this regard, mass casualty traffic incidents are worthy of special attention as, in addition to all losses and damage, they create challenges in the way of providing health services to the victims. AIM: The present study is an attempt to explore the challenges and facilitators in management of mass casualty traffic incidents in Iran...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893746/demographic-profile-and-pregnancy-outcomes-of-adolescents-and-older-mothers-in-saudi-arabia-analysis-from-riyadh-mother-rahma-and-baby-cohort-study
#16
Amel A Fayed, Hayfaa Wahabi, Heba Mamdouh, Reham Kotb, Samia Esmaeil
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the impact of maternal age on pregnancy outcomes with special emphasis on adolescents and older mothers and to investigate the differences in demographic profile between adolescents and older mothers. METHODS: This study is a secondary analysis of pregnancy outcomes of women in Riyadh Mother and Baby cohort study according to maternal age. The study population was grouped according to maternal age into five subgroups; <20, 20-29, 30-34, 35-39 and 40+years...
September 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893710/user-preferences-for-mobile-health-interventions-a-survey-among-intermittent-claudication-patients-and-their-physical-therapists
#17
Marijn Ml van den Houten, Steffie Spruijt, Hugo Jp Fokkenrood, Marc Rm Scheltinga, Joep Aw Teijink
OBJECTIVES: Smartphone apps provide novel ways of triggering lifestyle-change by coupling objective measurements of health behavior with tailored feedback. Little is known about end-user preferences regarding the content of mobile health (mHealth) interventions. The aim of this study was to assess smartphone use and preferences regarding app-content among intermittent claudication patients and their treating physical therapists. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was sent via an internal email system to 1514 physical therapists specialized in treating patients with intermittent claudication...
September 8, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893222/quality-of-antenatal-care-services-and-completion-of-four-or-more-antenatal-care-visits-in-ethiopia-a-finding-based-on-a-demographic-and-health-survey
#18
Kindie Fentahun Muchie
BACKGROUND: Antenatal care (ANC) is one of the core interventions for improving maternal outcomes. The average annual decline of maternal mortality rate from 1990 to 2013 was 5% in Ethiopia. This figure was below the least expected 5.5% to achieve the targeted 75% by 1990-2015. Moreover, completion of the recommended four or more ANC visits was only 32%. This study was aimed to examine individual, household and community level potential determinants of completing the recommended visits in the country...
September 11, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893038/new-vision-for-improving-the-oral-health-education-of-visually-impaired-children-a-non-randomized-control-trial
#19
Arpan Debnath, B K Srivastava, Punith Shetty, Shruthi Eshwar
INTRODUCTION: Visually impaired people have poorer oral hygiene when compared to others. Therefore, there is a necessity for individual training by making awareness in oral care and plaque control so as to improve their oral hygiene. AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the effectiveness of oral health innovative educative method among visually impaired children of Bengaluru city of India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A non-randomized control trial was conducted among 40 visually impaired individuals attending special school for blind...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891845/uptake-of-transanal-total-mesorectal-excision-in-north-america-initial-assessment-of-a-structured-training-program-and-the-experience-of-delegate-surgeons
#20
Sam B Atallah, Arielle C DuBose, John P Burke, George Nassif, Teresa deBeche-Adams, Taylor Frering, Matthew R Albert, John R T Monson
BACKGROUND: Transanal total mesorectal excision is a new approach to curative-intent rectal cancer surgery. Training and surgeon experience with this approach has not been assessed previously in America. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to characterize a structured training program and to determine the experience of delegate surgeons. DESIGN: Data were assimilated from an anonymous, online survey delivered to attendees on course completion...
October 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
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