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Early recovery after surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816878/do-formal-laminectomy-and-timing-of-decompression-for-patients-with-sacral-fracture-and-neurologic-deficit-affect-outcome
#1
Christopher K Kepler, Gregory D Schroeder, Douglas A Hollern, Jens R Chapman, Michael G Fehlings, Marcel Dvorak, Carlo Bellabarba, Alexander R Vaccaro
OBJECTIVES: To identify whether formal sacral decompression provides improvement in outcome for patients with neurologic deficit after sacral fracture compared with patients treated with indirect decompression and whether the timing of surgical decompression influences neurologic outcome? DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE was searched via PubMed using combinations of the following search terms: "Sacral fracture," "Traumatic Sacral fracture," "Sacral fracture decompression," "Sacral fracture time to decompression," "Sacral Decompression...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815075/the-feeding-route-after-esophagectomy-a-review-of-literature
#2
REVIEW
Gijs H Berkelmans, Frans van Workum, Teus J Weijs, Grard A Nieuwenhuijzen, Jelle P Ruurda, Ewout A Kouwenhoven, Marc J van Det, Camiel Rosman, Richard van Hillegersberg, Misha D Luyer
Enhanced recovery programs effectively optimize perioperative care and reduce postoperative morbidity. In esophagectomy, several components of the ERAS program are successfully introduced. However, timing and type of postoperative feeding remain a matter of debate. Adequate nutritional support is essential in patients undergoing an esophagectomy. These patients often present with weight loss and their eating pattern is strongly altered by the procedure and reconstruction. Total parenteral nutrition (TPN) is associated with severe septic complications and enteral nutrition (EN) does not increase major complications...
July 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810998/delayed-diagnosis-of-acromegaly-in-the-context-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-due-to-symptoms-mimicking-known-psychotropic-medication-side-effects
#3
Ray-Bernard Portier, Afshin Afarin, Sara Pope
BACKGROUND: Acromegaly is caused by elevated secretion of human growth hormone, which is frequently because of intracranial tumors. This diagnosis is fairly uncommon with an incidence of 3 to 4 cases per million patients per year. We are presenting a case of acromegaly diagnosed in an active duty Chief Petty Officer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 38-year-old male Chief Petty Officer with no previous mental health diagnosis experienced post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)-like symptoms in early 2012 after deploying to Iraq and Afghanistan from 2010 to 2011...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805455/the-effect-of-a-peer-support-intervention-on-early-recovery-outcomes-in-men-recovering-from-coronary-bypass-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Tracey Jf Colella, Kathryn King-Shier
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Examine the effect of a professionally-guided telephone peer support intervention on recovery outcomes including depression, perceived social support, and health services utilization after coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted with post-coronary artery bypass graft surgery men ( N=185) who were randomized before hospital discharge. The intervention arm received telephone-based peer support through weekly telephone calls from a peer volunteer over six weeks, initiated within 3-4 days of discharge...
August 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803601/ultrasound-guided-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-improves-postoperative-analgesia-and-early-recovery-in-patients-undergoing-retroperitoneoscopic-urologic-surgeries-a-randomized-controlled-double-blinded-trial
#5
Ge Qu, Xu-Lei Cui, Hong-Ju Liu, Zhi-Gang Ji, Yu-Guang Huang
Objective To evaluate the effects of ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block on postoperative analgesia and early recovery in patients undergoing retroperitoneoscopic urologic surgeries. Methods This was a randomized, controlled, double-blinded trial. Eligible patients scheduled for retroperitoneoscopic urologic surgeries were randomly assigned to two groups. Group TAP received ultrasound-guided TAP block with 0.5% ropivacaine 20 ml at 30 minutes before surgery, and Group C received TAP sham block with normal saline...
September 20, 2016: Chinese Medical Sciences Journal, Chung-kuo i Hsüeh K'o Hsüeh Tsa Chih
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802290/postoperative-oral-nutritional-supplementation-after-major-gastrointestinal-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#6
Seong-Ho Kong, Jun Seok Park, In Kyu Lee, Seung-Wan Ryu, Young-Kyu Park, Han-Kwang Yang, Sang-Uk Han, Ki-Young Yoon, Seung-Yong Jeong, Mi Ran Jeong, Dae Wook Hwang, Yun-Suhk Suh, Yoo-Seok Yoon, Kyung Won Seo, Ji Won Park, Chul-Su Byun, Hoon Hur, Hojeong Won, Yunhee Choi, Hyuk-Joon Lee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of post-operative oral nutrition supplementation after major gastrointestinal surgery. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted to evaluate 174 subjects who were discharged within 2 weeks after major gastrointestinal surgery. The subjects in the study group were prescribed 400 ml/day of Encover® from the day of discharge for 8 weeks, but no supplementation was allowed in the control group...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801130/prospective-implementation-of-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-protocols-to-radical-cystectomy
#7
Karl H Pang, Ruth Groves, Suresh Venugopal, Aidan P Noon, James W F Catto
BACKGROUND: Multimodal enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) regimens have improved outcomes from colorectal surgery. OBJECTIVE: We report the application of ERAS to patients undergoing radical cystectomy (RC). DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Prospective collection of outcomes from consecutive patients undergoing RC at a single institution. INTERVENTION: Twenty-six components including prehabilitation exercise, same day admission, carbohydrate fluid loading, targeted intraoperative fluid resuscitation, regional local anaesthesia, cessation of nasogastric tubes, omitting oral bowel preparation, avoiding drain use, early mobilisation, chewing gum use, and audit...
August 8, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799855/surgical-management-of-cervical-spine-deformity-in-chondrodysplasia-punctata
#8
Nobuhito Morota, Satoshi Ihara, Hideki Ogiwara, Goichiro Tamura
OBJECTIVE Chondrodysplasia punctata (CDP), a rare skeletal dysplasia, can lead to cervical spine instability and deformity. However, an optimal neurosurgical intervention has yet to be established. Thus, a retrospective study was conducted to assess the efficacy of various surgical interventions for children with CDP. METHODS The authors retrospectively reviewed 9 cases of CDP in which cervical decompression with or without posterior fusion was performed between April 2007 and May 2016. Patient demographics, preoperative clinical conditions, radiographic findings, surgical procedures, and the postoperative course were analyzed in detail...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792191/comparison-of-vacuum-assisted-closure-therapy-and-debridement-with-primer-surgical-closure-for-fournier-s-gangrene-treatment-10-years-experience-of-a-single-centre
#9
Mustafa Ozan Horsanali, Utku Eser, Burcu O Horsanali, Omer Altas, Huseyin Eren
OBJECTIVE: Fournier's gangrene is a type of necrotizing soft tissue infection of the perineal, genital and perianal region that has a rapidly progressive and potentially fatal course. In the present study, our goal was to compare the patients submitted to surgical debridement for Fournier Gangrene with Vacuum-asisted Closure (VAC) and without VAC therapy after debridement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 313 patients underwent surgical debridement for FG in our hospital...
August 8, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790296/-clinical-practice-of-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-program-for-esophagectomy
#10
Masato Nishida, Yasuyuki Seto
Enhanced recover after surgery(ERAS) program is multimodal strategies to reduce the incidence of postoperative morbidity and mortality, and encourage early functional recovery from surgical insult. It consists of physical therapy to facilitate postoperative early mobilization, nutritional support, introduction of minimal invasive surgery, restrictive fluid therapy and early resumption of oral intake. Esophagectomy for esophageal cancer is a highly invasive procedure with high incidence of postoperative morbidity and mortality...
July 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790292/-respiratory-rehabilitation-in-patients-after-surgical-treatments-in-the-thoracic-region
#11
Toshiharu Tabata, Takashi Kondo
We assessed whether respiratory physiotherapy and kinesiotherapy as the major therapies of respiratory rehabilitation in the early stage after surgical treatments in the thoracic region was helpful to return daily life or not. Respiratory rehabilitation program in our hospital was achieved in 612 patients after surgery. It is confirmed that respiratory rehabilitation lead to prevention of complications, recovery of activities of daily living, and early discharge from hospital.
July 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769861/non-syndromic-spinal-schwannomas-a-novel-classification
#12
Ibrahim Sun, M Necmettin Pamir
Schwannomas are the most frequent primary tumors of the spine with an incidence of 0.3-0.5/100,000 person per year. Current treatment for non-syndromic spinal schwannomas is total resection of the tumor with preservation of neurovascular structures. This study aims to report neurologic and radiologic outcome following treatment of non-syndromic spinal schwannomas along with a novel tumor classification used in our clinic. A retrospective case series was carried out with a patient sample of 82 male and female patients with non-syndromic spinal schwannomas...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763341/monitoring-platelet-reactivity-during-prasugrel-or-ticagrelor-washout-before-urgent-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#13
Katia Orvin, Yaron D Barac, Ran Kornowski, Leor Perl, Yishay Wasserstrum, Victor Rubchevsky, Ram Sharony, Eitan Snir, Dan Aravot, Eli I Lev
OBJECTIVES: Patients with acute myocardial infarction pretreated with prasugrel or ticagrelor may require urgent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). However, prasugrel and ticagrelor withdrawal period is recommended for 5-7 days before planned CABG to enable full platelet recovery. We hypothesized that monitoring sequential platelet reactivity (PR) could identify patients with early platelet recovery who may benefit from earlier surgery before the guideline-recommended 5-7 day delay...
September 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763316/effects-of-calcium-chloride-coadministered-with-neostigmine-on-neuromuscular-blockade-recovery-a-double-blind-randomised-study
#14
Jae-Woo Ju, Hyun-Chang Kim, Sehee Yoon, Deok Man Hong, Hee-Pyoung Park
BACKGROUND: Ionised calcium plays an important role in neuromuscular transmission, but its effects on the reversal of nondepolarising neuromuscular blockade have not been fully evaluated. OBJECTIVE: We examined whether calcium chloride coadministered with neostigmine could enhance the rate of neuromuscular recovery. DESIGN: Randomised double-blind trial. SETTING: A tertiary teaching hospital. PATIENTS: In total, 53 patients undergoing elective surgery under general anaesthesia with neuromuscular monitoring by acceleromyography using a TOF-Watch SX monitor...
September 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751042/spontaneous-rupture-of-the-urinary-bladder-srub-a-rare-case-of-recovery-from-cardiopulmonary-arrest
#15
Kohei Taniguchi, Ryo Iida, Koshi Ota, Masahiko Nitta, Takuya Tsujino, Kazumasa Komura, Teruo Inamoto, Haruhito Azuma, Kazuhisa Uchiyama, Akira Takasu
Spontaneous rupture of the urinary bladder (SRUB) is rare and results in a lethal condition, i.e., pan peritonitis. However, early and accurate diagnosis of SRUB is very difficult. A 54-year-old woman was transported to our hospital with suspicion of pan peritonitis after spontaneous return of circulation with pulseless electrical activity. Laboratory investigation seemed to indicate acute renal failure. Namely, her serum urea and creatinine levels were grossly elevated. Exploratory laparotomy showed unexpected rupture of urinary bladder...
July 18, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750314/endoscopic-clipping-of-spontaneous-esophageal-rupture-case-reports-of-three-patients
#16
Koji Otsuka, Masahiko Murakami, Tomotake Ariyoshi, Takeshi Yamashita, Satoru Goto, Makoto Watanabe, Takeshi Aoki
INTRODUCTION: Spontaneous esophageal rupture is a life-threatening condition which is difficult to diagnose early, and is usually treated surgically. Prolonged hospitalization is common. Non-operative treatment of esophageal rupture localized to the mediastinum has been reported. We report three patients with spontaneous esophageal rupture successfully managed with endoscopic clipping. CASE PRESENTATIONS: Two patients had ruptures localized to the mediastinum, and were discharged within one week of undergoing closure...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750249/fall-risk-and-function-in-older-women-after-gynecologic-surgery
#17
Karen L Miller, Holly E Richter, Charles S Graybill, Leigh A Neumayer
PURPOSE OF STUDY: To examine change in balance-related fall risk and daily functional abilities in the first 2 post-operative weeks and up to 6 weeks after gynecologic surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective cohort study in gynecologic surgery patients age 65 and older. Balance confidence (Activities-specific Balance Confidence Scale) and functional status (basic and instrumental activities of daily living) were recorded pre- and post-operatively daily for 1 week and twice the second week...
July 19, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746319/systemic-inflammatory-response-syndrome-following-gastrointestinal-surgery
#18
U Koirala, P B Thapa, M R Joshi, D R Singh, S K Sharma
INTRODUCTION: Systemic inflammatory response syndrome symptoms immediately after surgery have lately been regarded as potential warnings of impending post-operative complications and multiple organ failure. This study was conducted to find out the clinical significance of systemic inflammatory response syndrome in postoperative patients and to investigate the relationship between the duration of post-operative systemic inflammatory response syndrome and the post-operative morbidity and mortality...
April 2017: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745667/-prevention-and-correction-of-cognitive-dysfunction-after-general-anesthesia
#19
A Yu Novikov, V A Kovalev, N V Vinichuk, Yu A Chernyh, I E Golub, L V Sorokina
AIM: To evaluate clinical efficacy of intraoperative use of cytoflavin in the prevention and correction of cognitive functions in surgical patients with no history of neurological and psychosomatic disorders. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 60 female patients who underwent surgery on the thyroid gland. Patients were stratified into two equal groups matched for main indices. Patients of the main group received infusions of cytoflavin (20 ml in 200 ml of 5% glucose solution)...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743167/preoperative-bevacizumab-and-volumetric-recovery-after-resection-of-colorectal-liver-metastases
#20
Georgios Antonios Margonis, Stefan Buettner, Nikolaos Andreatos, Kazunari Sasaki, Manijeh Zargham Pour, Ammar Deshwar, Jane Wang, Mounes Aliyari Ghasebeh, Christos Damaskos, Neda Rezaee, Timothy M Pawlik, Christopher L Wolfgang, Ihab R Kamel, Matthew J Weiss
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: While preoperative treatment is frequently administered to CRLM patients, the impact of chemotherapy, with or without bevacizumab, on liver regeneration remains controversial. METHODS: The early and late regeneration indexes were defined as the relative increase in liver volume (RLV) within 2 and 9 months from surgery. Regeneration rates of the preoperative treatment groups were compared. RESULTS: Preoperative chemotherapy details and volumetric data were available for 185 patients; 78 (42...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
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