keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Labor and delivery

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340386/on-chip-functional-neuroimaging-with-mechanical-stimulation-in-caenorhabditis-elegans-larvae-for-studying-development-and-neural-circuits
#1
Yongmin Cho, David N Oakland, Sol Ah Lee, William R Schafer, Hang Lu
Mechanosensation is fundamentally important for the abilities of an organism to experience touch, hear sounds, and maintain balance. Caenorhabditis elegans is a powerful system for studying mechanosensation as this worm is well suited for in vivo functional imaging of neurons. Many years of research using labor-intensive methods have generated a wealth of knowledge about mechanosensation in C. elegans, and the recent microfluidic-based platforms continue to push the boundary for this field. However, developmental aspects of sensory biology, including mechanosensation, are still not fully understood...
January 17, 2018: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339041/factors-influencing-women-s-perceptions-of-shared-decision-making-during-labor-and-delivery-results-from-a-large-scale-cohort-study-of-first-childbirth
#2
Laura B Attanasio, Katy B Kozhimannil, Kristen H Kjerulff
OBJECTIVE: To examine correlates of shared decision making during labor and delivery. METHODS: Data were from a cohort of women who gave birth to their first baby in Pennsylvania, 2009-2011 (N = 3006). We used logistic regression models to examine the association between labor induction and mode of delivery in relation to women's perceptions of shared decision making, and to investigate race/ethnicity and SES as potential moderators. RESULTS: Women who were Black and who did not have a college degree or private insurance were less likely to report high shared decision making, as well as women who underwent labor induction, instrumental vaginal or cesarean delivery...
January 5, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329366/delineating-differential-regulatory-signatures-of-the-human-transcriptome-in-the-choriodecidua-and-myometrium-at-term-labor
#3
Sylvia Lui, Cyntia Duval, Farkhondeh Farrokhnia, Sylvie Girard, Lynda K Harris, Clare L Tower, Adam Stevens, Rebecca L Jones
Background: Preterm deliveries remain the leading cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Current therapies target only myometrial contractions and are largely ineffective. As labor involves multiple coordinated events across maternal and fetal tissues, identifying fundamental regulatory pathways of normal term labor is vital to understanding successful parturition and consequently labor pathologies. We aimed to identify transcriptomic signatures of human normal term labor of two tissues: in the fetal-facing choriodecidua and the maternal myometrium...
January 10, 2018: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325216/obstetrical-providers-preferred-mode-of-delivery-and-attitude-towards-non-medically-indicated-caesarean-sections-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Julie C Rivo, Melissa Amyx, Verónica Pingray, Roberto A Casale, Angél E Fiorillo, Hugo B Krupitzki, Julio D Malamud, Maria Mendilaharzu, María Lucía Medina, Gerardo Murga Tartalo, Alicia B Del Pino, Lucio Ribola, Javier A Schvartzman, Monica Trasmonte, Silvana Varela, Fernando Althabe, José M Belizán
OBJECTIVE: To describe obstetrical providers' delivery preferences and attitudes toward caesarean section without medical indication, including on maternal request, and to examine the association between provider characteristics and preferences/attitudes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Two public and two private hospitals in Argentina. POPULATION: Obstetrician-gynecologists and midwives who provide prenatal care and/or labor/delivery services...
January 11, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324610/risk-factors-for-the-development-of-obstetric-anal-sphincter-injuries-in-modern-obstetric-practice
#5
Olga Ramm, Victoria G Woo, Yun-Yi Hung, Hsuan-Chih Chen, Miranda L Ritterman Weintraub
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the rate of obstetric anal sphincter injuries and identify key risk factors of obstetric anal sphincter injuries, including duration of the second stage of labor. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included all singleton, term, cephalic vaginal deliveries within Kaiser Permanente Northern California between January 2013 and December 2014 (N=22,741). Incidence of obstetric anal sphincter injuries, defined as third- or fourth-degree perineal lacerations, was the primary outcome...
January 9, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324608/quality-assurance-practices-in-obstetric-care-a-survey-of-hospitals-in-california
#6
Lisbet S Lundsberg, Henry C Lee, Grace Villarin Dueñas, Kimberly D Gregory, Holly K Grossetta Nardini, Christian M Pettker, Jessica L Illuzzi, Xiao Xu
OBJECTIVE: To assess hospital practices in obstetric quality management activities and identify institutional characteristics associated with utilization of evidence-supported practices. METHODS: Data for this study came from a statewide survey of obstetric hospitals in California regarding their organization and delivery of perinatal care. We analyzed responses from 185 hospitals that completed quality assurance sections of the survey to assess their practices in a broad spectrum of quality enhancement activities...
January 9, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324600/reassessing-the-duration-of-the-second-stage-of-labor-in-relation-to-maternal-and-neonatal-morbidity
#7
Katherine L Grantz, Rajeshwari Sundaram, Ling Ma, Stefanie Hinkle, Vincenzo Berghella, Matthew K Hoffman, Uma M Reddy
OBJECTIVE: To assess the morbidity associated with continuing the second-stage duration of labor, weighing the probability of spontaneous vaginal birth without morbidity compared with birth with serious maternal or neonatal complications. METHODS: In a retrospective cohort, we analyzed singleton, vertex births at 36 weeks of gestation or greater without prior cesarean delivery (n=43,810 nulliparous and 59,605 multiparous women). We calculated rates of spontaneous vaginal birth and composite serious maternal or neonatal complications...
January 9, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321051/midwives-respect-and-disrespect-of-women-during-facility-based-childbirth-in-urban-tanzania-a-qualitative-study
#8
Kana Shimoda, Shigeko Horiuchi, Sebalda Leshabari, Yoko Shimpuku
BACKGROUND: Over the last two decades, facility-based childbirths in Tanzania have only minimally increased by 10% partly because of healthcare providers' disrespect and abuse (D&A) of women during childbirth. Although numerous studies have substantiated women's experience of D&A during childbirth by healthcare providers, few have focused on how D&A occurred during the midwives' actual care. This study aimed to describe from actual observations the respectful and disrespectful care received by women from midwives during their labor period in two hospitals in urban Tanzania...
January 10, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319586/the-role-of-the-anesthesiologist-in-preventing-severe-maternal-morbidity-and-mortality
#9
Emily McQuaid, Lisa R Leffert, Brian T Bateman
Anesthesiologists are responsible for the safe and effective provision of analgesia for labor and anesthesia for cesarean delivery and other obstetric procedures. In addition, obstetric anesthesiologists often have a unique role as the intensivists of the obstetric suite. The anesthesiologist is frequently the clinician with the greatest experience in the acute bedside management of a hemodynamically unstable patient and expertise in life-saving interventions. This review will discuss (1) risks associated with neuraxial and general anesthesia for labor and delivery, and (2) clinical scenarios in which the obstetric anesthesiologist is commonly called upon to function as a "peridelivery intensivist...
January 9, 2018: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318613/a-facility-based-study-of-factors-associated-with-perinatal-mortality-in-tigray-northern-ethiopia
#10
Gelila K Goba, Hailesilassie Tsegay, Gebremedhin Berhe, Mengistu Mitiku, Kimberly A Kim, Mussie Alemayehu
OBJECTIVE: To identify perinatal mortality risk factors in the Southern Zone of Tigray, northern Ethiopia. METHODS: The present unmatched case-control study included data from 20 health facilities; stillbirths and neonatal deaths were included as a case group and patients with neonates who survived until discharge or day 7 postpartum were included as a control group. Perinatal mortality risk factors were investigated using bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses...
January 9, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316933/-the-system-here-isn-t-on-patients-side-perspectives-of-women-and-men-on-the-barriers-to-accessing-and-utilizing-maternal-healthcare-services-in-south-sudan
#11
Ngatho S Mugo, Michael J Dibley, Eliaba Yona Damundu, Ashraful Alam
BACKGROUND: In fragile and war-affected setting such as South Sudan, a combination of physical environmental, socioeconomic factors and healthcare's characteristic contributes to higher rates of home delivery attended by unskilled attendants. This study aims to understand the community members' experience, perceptions and the barriers in relation to accessing and utilizing maternal healthcare services in South Sudan. METHODS: We conducted in-depth one-on-one interview with 30 women and 15 men to investigate their perspectives on the barriers to access maternal and child health related services...
January 9, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316054/influence-of-body-mass-index-on-induction-of-labor-a-historical-cohort-study
#12
Ulf Dammer, Roswitha Bogner, Christel Weiss, Florian Faschingbauer, Jutta Pretscher, Matthias W Beckmann, Marc Sütterlin, Sven Kehl
AIM: We aimed to determine the influence of body mass index (BMI) on induction of labor. METHODS: In this historical multicenter cohort study, 2122 labor inductions were analyzed. Women were divided into four groups according to their body mass index (BMI): BMI < 30 (normal group [NG]), 30 ≤ BMI < 35 (group 1 [G1]), 35 ≤ BMI < 40 (group 2 [G2]), and BMI ≥ 40 (group 3 [G3]). The primary outcome measure was the induction-to-delivery interval...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310074/a-constitutive-model-description-of-the-in-vivo-material-properties-of-lower-birth-canal-tissue-during-the-first-stage-of-labor
#13
Paige V Tracy, Alan S Wineman, Francisco J Orejuela, Susan M Ramin, John O L DeLancey, James A Ashton-Miller
Remarkable changes must occur in the pelvic floor muscles and tissues comprising the birth canal to allow vaginal delivery. Despite these preparatory adaptations, approximately 13% of women who deliver vaginally for the first time (nulliparas) sustain tears near the origin of the pubovisceral muscle (PVM) which can result in pelvic organ prolapse later in life. To investigate why these tears occur, it is necessary to quantify the viscoelastic behavior of the term pregnant human birth canal. The goal of this study was to quantify the in vivo material properties of the human birth canal, in situ, during the first stage of labor and compare them to published animal data...
December 30, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305940/complications-and-outcomes-of-pregnancy-and-cesarean-delivery-in-women-with-neuropathic-bladder-and-lower-urinary-tract-reconstruction
#14
Joshua D Roth, Jessica T Casey, Benjamin M Whittam, Konrad M Szymanski, Martin Kaefer, Richard C Rink, Frank P Schubert, Mark P Cain, Rosalia Misseri
Objective To determine the outcomes of pregnancy and cesarean delivery (CD) delivery in women with neuropathic bladder (NB) and pediatric lower urinary tract reconstruction (LUTR) as these women often have normal fertility and may become pregnant. Methods We reviewed consecutive patients from July 2001 to June 2016 with NB due to spinal dysphraphism who underwent LUTR, became pregnant, and had a CD at our institution. We collected data on demographics, hydronephrosis, symptomatic urinary tract infection (UTI), continence and catheterization during pregnancy...
January 3, 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305249/sonographic-large-fetal-head-circumference-and-risk-of-cesarean-delivery
#15
Michal Lipschuetz, Sarah M Cohen, Ariel Israel, Joel Baron, Shay Porat, Dan V Valsky, Oren Yagel, Doron Kabiri, Yinon Gilboa, Eyal Sivan, Ron Unger, Eyal Schiff, Reli Hershkovitz, Simcha Yagel
BACKGROUND: Persistently high rates of cesarean deliveries are cause for concern for physicians, patients, and health systems. Prelabor assessment might be refined by identifying factors that help predict an individual patient's risk of cesarean delivery. Such factors may contribute to patient safety and satisfaction as well as health system planning and resource allocation. In an earlier study, neonatal head circumference was shown to be more strongly associated with delivery mode and other outcome measures, than neonatal birth weight...
January 2, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304814/service-providers-experiences-of-disrespectful-and-abusive-behavior-towards-women-during-facility-based-childbirth-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#16
Anteneh Asefa, Delayehu Bekele, Alison Morgan, Michelle Kermode
BACKGROUND: Disrespect and abuse (D&A) of women during childbirth by the attending staff in health facilities has been widely reported in many countries. Although D&A in labor rooms is recognized as a deterrent to maternal health service utilization, approaches to defining, classifying, and measuring D&A are still at an early stage of development. This study aims to enhance understanding of service providers' experiences of D&A during facility based childbirth in health facilities in Addis Ababa...
January 5, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304769/a-comparison-of-misoprostol-vaginal-insert-and-misoprostol-vaginal-tablets-for-induction-of-labor-in-nulliparous-women-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#17
Kjersti Engen Marsdal, Ingvil Krarup Sørbye, Lise C Gaudernack, Mirjam Lukasse
BACKGROUND: Since Misoprostol Vaginal Insert (MVI - Misodel ®) was approved for labor induction in Europe in 2013, to date, no study has been published comparing MVI to Misoprostol vaginal tablets (MVT). The aim of this study, performed as part of a quality improvement project, was to compare the efficacy and safety of 200 μg MVI versus 25 μg MVT for labor induction in nulliparous women. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included 171 nulliparous singleton term deliveries induced with MVI (n = 85) versus MVT (n = 86) at Oslo University Hospital Rikshospitalet, Norway, from November 2014 to December 2015...
January 5, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304543/standardizing-second-trimester-medical-termination-effects-on-clinical-outcomes
#18
Michelle A Wyatt, Mary Catherine Tolcher
OBJECTIVE:  The objective of this study was to evaluate length of induction and postdelivery complications before and after implementation of a standardized approach to second-trimester medical termination of pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN:  This was a retrospective cohort study of all women undergoing medical termination of pregnancy between 130/7 and 266/7 weeks of gestation at a single, academic institution from July 1, 2012, through June 30, 2015. The primary outcome was the time from the start of induction of labor to delivery of the fetus...
January 5, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304317/strategies-to-improve-management-of-shoulder-dystocia-under-the-ahrq-safety-program-for-perinatal-care
#19
Jill McArdle, Asta Sorensen, Christina I Fowler, Samantha Sommerness, Katrina Burson, Leila Kahwati
OBJECTIVE: To assess implementation of safety strategies to improve management of births complicated by shoulder dystocia in labor and delivery units. DESIGN: Mixed-methods implementation evaluation. SETTING/LOCAL PROBLEM: Labor and delivery units (N = 18) in 10 states participating in the Safety Program for Perinatal Care (SPPC). Shoulder dystocia is unpredictable, requiring rapid and coordinated action. PARTICIPANTS: Key informants were labor and delivery unit staff who implemented SPPC safety strategies...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304083/combined-evaluation-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-hiv-infected-pregnant-women-and-infant-hiv-transmission
#20
Kristina Adachi, Jiahong Xu, Nava Yeganeh, Margaret Camarca, Mariza G Morgado, D Heather Watts, Lynne M Mofenson, Valdilea G Veloso, Jose Henrique Pilotto, Esau Joao, Glenda Gray, Gerhard Theron, Breno Santos, Rosana Fonseca, Regis Kreitchmann, Jorge Pinto, Marisa M Mussi-Pinhata, Mariana Ceriotto, Daisy Maria Machado, Yvonne J Bryson, Beatriz Grinsztejn, Jack Moye, Jeffrey D Klausner, Claire C Bristow, Ruth Dickover, Mark Mirochnick, Karin Nielsen-Saines
BACKGROUND: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) including Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG), Treponema pallidum (TP), and cytomegalovirus (CMV) may lead to adverse pregnancy and infant outcomes. The role of combined maternal STIs in HIV mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) was evaluated in mother-infant pairs from NICHD HPTN 040. METHODOLOGY: Urine samples from HIV-infected pregnant women during labor were tested by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for CT, NG, and CMV...
2018: PloS One
keyword
keyword
22254
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"