Read by QxMD icon Read

Otitis media with effusion

Lei Jin, Keyong Li, Xiaoyan Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the diagnostic value of distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) together with tympanometry in assessing otitis media with effusion in children. METHODS: Three hundred and thirty-nine patients, who were diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) and prepared to undergo adenotonsillectomy and had a unilateral or bilateral type 'B' or 'C' tympanogram were enrolled in this study. Patients were divided into the following four groups: Group 1, type 'B' tympanogram with positive DPOAE; Group 2, type 'B' tympanogram with negative DPOAE; Group 3, type 'C' tympanogram with positive DPOAE and Group 4, type 'C' tympanogram with negative DPOAE...
March 5, 2018: Acta Oto-laryngologica
Shibani Myne, Veronica Kennedy
OBJECTIVE: Hyperacusis is commonly seen in clinical paediatric practice and can be distressing for the children and their families. This paper looks at the clinical profile of children seen for hyperacusis in a paediatric audiology service and reviews the possible underlying mechanisms. METHODS: Retrospective study of case notes of 61 children with troublesome hyperacusis seen in the paediatric audiology service, looking at their clinical presentation and presence of other medical conditions...
April 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Oyebanji Anthony Olajuyin, Oladele Simeon Olatunya, Atilade Waheed Adegbiji, Atoyebi Solomon Oyenibi, Opeyemi Ayodeji Faboya
INTRODUCTION/OBJECTIVE: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is associated with episodic illnesses, multi-systemic affectations and end-organs damages. Otolaryngological related complications are not unexpected. Studies on the overall Otolaryngological pathologies in children with SCD relative to their non-SCD counterparts are scanty in Nigeria. We hypothesized that children with SCD are likely to have more otological burdens than their non-SCD counterparts. Thus, we embarked on this study to describe and compare the overall ear diseases burdens seen in children with sickle cell disease relative to their non-SCD counterparts...
April 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Grégoire D'Andréa, Claude Maschi, Charles Savoldelli, Hervé Caci, Sonanda Bailleux
OBJECTIVE: To compare otologic outcomes in patients with cleft palate who underwent 2 different surgical protocols. DESIGN: Monocentric retrospective analysis of medical reports. PATIENTS, PARTICIPANTS: All consecutively treated patients affected by a cleft palate, born between January 1998 and December 2002 (group 1) and between January 2007 and December 2010 (group 2). INTERVENTIONS: Patients in group 1 underwent Veau-Wardill-Kilner palatoplasty at 10 months and had ventilation tubes inserted in case of otitis media with effusion (OME) during surgery...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Austin T Kerns, Kelsey A Brakel, Christopher Premanandan, Ashlie Saffire, Sarah A Moore
Case summary: A 9-year-old spayed female domestic shorthair cat with clinical signs suggestive of chronic recurrent otitis media and recent seizures was presented with multifocal nervous system disease, including bilateral central and/or peripheral vestibular, cerebellar and forebrain deficits. Prior to presentation, there was inadequate improvement after 6 weeks of treatment for bilateral middle ear effusion from which a highly susceptible Staphylococcus species was cultured. This was followed by the development of seizures...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
Saied Ghadersohi, Bharat Bhushan, Kathleen R Billings
INTRODUCTION: The high incidence of chronic otitis media with effusion and Eustachian tube dysfunction in children with Down syndrome (DS) may predispose them to cholesteatoma formation. Establishing the diagnosis, choosing the appropriate operative intervention, and post-operative care can be challenging. OBJECTIVE: To describe management strategies for cholesteatoma diagnosis, surgical treatment, and post-operative management in children with Down syndrome. METHODS: Retrospective case series of 14 patients (17 total ears) with Down syndrome diagnosed with cholesteatoma over a 9-year period...
March 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Reshma Ghedia, Jahangir Ahmed, Annakan Navaratnam, Jonny Harcourt
INTRODUCTION: Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia (PCD) describes a group of inherited disorders that result in abnormal ciliary motion leading to mucous stasis. Clinical features include almost universally otitis media with effusion (OME), particularly in infants. PCD patients provide us with a cohort of patients with OME that is not treated with ventilatory tube (VT) insertion as these have been shown to result in frequent complications including chronic otorrhoea, early extrusion and persistent perforation without significant improvement to hearing in the long term...
February 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Fatih Alper Akcan, Yusuf Dündar, Hümeyra Bayram Akcan, Ahmet Uluat, Derya Cebeci, Mehmet Ali Sungur, İlhan Ünlü
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical role of Vitamin D in prognosis of Otitis media with effusion. METHODS: This prospective-controlled study was conducted at otolaryngology department in Duzce University, Turkey. The study group comprised children who were diagnosed with Otitis media with effusion between September 2016 and February 2017. Control group was conducted with children underwent circumcision or inguinal hernia repair operations that confirmed with ENT examination they do not have any sign of otitis media...
February 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
I La Mantia, C Andaloro
BACKGROUND: Otitis media with effusion (OME) is an ear disorder defined by the presence of fluid in the middle ear without signs or symptoms of acute infection. The aim of this randomised and controlled pilot study was to evaluate whether the treatment with a watery salsobromo- iodine solution, administered by nasal douche, could induce ear healing better than isotonic saline in children with OME. METHODS: The study was randomized, single-blind, and controlled. Study group (40 children) was treated with salso-bromo-iodine thermal water solution and Control group (40 children) was treated with isotonic saline; both compounds were administered by nasal nebulization with Rinowash nasal douche twice/day for 10 days a month for 3 consecutive months...
January 2018: La Clinica Terapeutica
Sarantis Blioskas, Petros Karkos, George Psillas, Stamatia Dova, Marios Stavrakas, Konstantinos Markou
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this cohort was to determine potential risk factors, concerning the effectiveness of adenoidectomy in the treatment of chronic otitis media with effusion in children. METHODS: Ninety six children with chronic otitis media with effusion treated with adenoidectomy were enrolled in this study. A thorough medical history was taken, including family history of otologic disease, parental smoking habits and breast feeding history. Radiographic palatal airway size was measured preoperatively, whereas the presence of allergy was also investigated...
February 6, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Stefan A Boers, Marjolein de Zeeuw, Ruud Jansen, Marc P van der Schroeff, Annemarie M C van Rossum, John P Hays, Suzanne J C Verhaegh
Otitis media (OM) is one of the most common pediatric infections worldwide, but the complex microbiology associated with OM is poorly understood. Previous studies have shown an association between OM and gastroesophageal reflux (GER) in children. Therefore, in order to bridge the gap in our current understanding of the interaction between GER and OM, we investigated the nasopharyngeal and middle ear microbiota of children suffering from GER-associated OM and OM only, using culture-independent 16S rRNA gene sequencing...
February 5, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
F Simon, M Haggard, R M Rosenfeld, H Jia, S Peer, M-N Calmels, V Couloigner, N Teissier
Otitis media with effusion (OME) is a common childhood disease defined as the presence of liquid in the middle ear without signs or symptoms of acute ear infection. Children can be impacted mainly with hearing impairment and/or co-occurring recurrent acute otitis media (AOM) thus requiring treatment. Although many meta-analyses and national guidelines have been issued, management remains difficult to standardize, and use of surgical and medical treatments continue to vary. We convened an international consensus conference as part of the 2017 International Federation of Oto-rhino-laryngological Societies Congress, to identify best practices in OME management...
February 2, 2018: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
Thomas N George, Katelyn J Kotlarek, David P Kuehn, Bradley P Sutton, Jamie L Perry
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the dimensions of the tensor veli palatini (TVP) muscle in adults with and without cleft palate. DESIGN: Prospective study. PARTICIPANTS: There were a total of 14 adult participants, 8 noncleft and 6 with cleft palate. METHODS: Analysis and comparison of the TVP muscle and surrounding structures was completed using 3D MRI data and Amira 5.5 Visualization Modeling software. TVP muscle volume, hamular process distance, mucosal thickness, TVP muscle length, and TVP muscle diameter were used for comparison between participant groups based upon previous research methods...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
K Akazawa, H Doi, S Ohta, T Terada, M Fujiwara, N Uwa, M Tanooka, M Sakagami
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the relationship between radiation and Eustachian tube dysfunction, and examined the radiation dose required to induce otitis media with effusion. METHODS: The function of 36 Eustachian tubes in 18 patients with head and neck cancer were examined sonotubometrically before, during, and 1, 2 and 3 months after, intensity-modulated radiotherapy. Patients with an increase of 5 dB or less in sound pressure level (dB) during swallowing were categorised as being in the dysfunction group...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
Ahmad Yeghaneh Moghaddam, Rezvan Talaei, Hassan Nikoueinejad, Hossein Akbari
Serous otitis media with effusion (OME) is a middle ear inflammatory response to allergens and microbes which stimulate leukocytes to produce different inflammatory mediators after obstruction of Eustachian tube. Here, we investigated the levels of these mediators, IL-17 and IL-23, in serum and middle ear fluids of children with OME. 75 patients with otitis media and 75 age and sex-matched healthy controls were enrolled in this study. IL-17 and IL-23 levels in serous secretion of the patients and their serum levels were measured in both groups by ELISA...
December 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
F G Kavanagh, W Hasan, D A Smyth, J E Fenton
OBJECTIVE: To explore the link between nasal polyposis, refractory otitis media with effusion and eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis. METHODS: A retrospective observational study was carried out of patients diagnosed with refractory otitis media with effusion necessitating grommet insertion and who had nasal polyps. Patients were evaluated to determine if they fulfilled the diagnostic criteria of eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis. RESULTS: Sixteen patients (10 males and 6 females) were identified...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
Rishikesh Pandey, Chi Zhang, Jeon W Kang, Parind M Desai, Ramachandra R Dasari, Ishan Barman, Tulio A Valdez
Otitis media with effusion (OME) is an important and common condition affecting hearing in pediatric patients characterized by the presence of fluid in the middle ear space. The fluid is normally described as serous or mucoid based on differences in the fluid viscosity. The differential diagnosis of two OMEs, namely serous and mucoid is of significant clinical value because while the former is self-limiting, surgical procedure is commonly required for the latter. However, accurate identification of fluid types remains a challenging target unattainable with current clinical modalities due to unavailability of nonperturbative molecular tools...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
S Paterson
The aim of this study was to describe otitis media with effusion in seven boxers. All dogs presented with a range of clinical signs, which included head shaking, neurological dysfunction, pain on opening of the mouth and reduction in hearing ability. Otitis media was confirmed under general anaesthesia in each case by video-otoscopic identification of a bulging pars tensa and subsequent myringotomy, which revealed a tenacious mucus plug within the middle ear. Brainstem auditory evoked response thresholds were elevated in all affected ears...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
Dan Lai, Gang Qin, Junmei Pu, Lu Liu, Yiying Yang
BACKGROUND: There is no standardized scheme for preoperative evaluation of adenoid hypertrophy or a consensus on surgical indications for adenoidectomy in children with otitis media with effusion (OME), especially for young children intolerant to nasal endoscopic assessment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and reliability of acoustic rhinometry (AR) in evaluating benefits from adenoidectomy in children with OME. METHOD: Children with OME who were scheduled for surgical intervention were reviewed and AR tests performed preoperatively and postoperatively...
December 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Saied Ghadersohi, Jonathan B Ida, Bharat Bhushan, Kathleen R Billings
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of chronic otitis media with effusion (COME), and Eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD) is high in Down syndrome (DS) patients. This often necessitates multiple tympanostomy tube (TT) placements resulting in a higher rate of persistent tympanic membrane (TM) perforation requiring tympanoplasty for repair. OBJECTIVES: To assess risk factors for persistent perforation and outcomes of tympanoplasty in DS patients. METHODS: Retrospective case series of 91 ears in 69 DS patients with TM perforations, who were either observed or underwent tympanoplasty...
December 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"