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Otitis media with effusion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522133/does-calcemia-influence-the-onset-of-myringosclerosis-after-myringotomy-with-the-insertion-of-ventilation-tubes
#1
Carla Branco, João Paço
INTRODUCTION: Myringosclerosis is one of the most frequent late complications of the insertion of ventilation tubes, and its aetiopathogenesis remains unknown. The calcification that occurs in the formation of myringosclerosis plaque raises the hypothesis of the presence of a calcium metabolism disorder. The objective is to determine whether calcemia contributes to the development of myringoscelerosis after insertion of ventilation tubes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A longitudinal, prospective, analytical cohort study was conducted in patients undergoing myringotomy with the insertion of ventilation tubes due to otitis media with effusion...
May 15, 2017: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483256/infectious-complications-of-pediatric-cochlear-implants-are-highly-influenced-by-otitis-media
#2
Peter M Vila, Nsangou T Ghogomu, Audrey R Odom-John, Timothy E Hullar, Keiko Hirose
OBJECTIVE: Determine the incidence of ear infections in cochlear implant patients, evaluate the contribution of otitis media to complications, describe the bacteriology of otitis media in the cochlear implant population, the treatment provided at our center, and the long term outcome. METHODS: Data collected included age at implantation, history of otitis media or ear tubes, etiology of hearing loss, inner ear anatomy, postoperative infections, time to infection, route of antibiotic administration, and interventions for infections...
June 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483218/hearing-thresholds-and-ventilation-tube-treatment-in-children-with-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate
#3
Birgitta Tengroth, Christina Hederstierna, Erik Neovius, Traci Flynn
OBJECTIVE: Children with cleft lip and palate have a high prevalence of otitis media with effusion (OME) which is often associated with a fluctuating, conductive hearing loss in the low and mid-frequencies and a risk for permanent hearing loss in the higher frequencies. Although common, there is no consensus on the treatment of OME with ventilation tubes. The aim of this study is to document if the risk for permanent hearing loss and acquired cholesteatoma increases due to treatment with ventilation tubes (VT treatments) during childhood in a group of children with cleft lip and palate...
June 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482947/prioritising-topics-for-the-undergraduate-ent-curriculum
#4
J D Constable, G A Moghul, P Leighton, S J Schofield, M Daniel
OBJECTIVE: Knowledge of ENT is important for many doctors, but undergraduate time is limited. This study aimed to identify what is thought about ENT knowledge amongst non-ENT doctors, and the key topics that the curriculum should focus on. METHODS: Doctors were interviewed about their views of ENT knowledge amongst non-ENT doctors, and asked to identify key topics. These topics were then used to devise a questionnaire, which was distributed to multiple stakeholders in order to identify the key topics...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479839/otiprio-an-fda-approved-ciprofloxacin-suspension-gel-for-pediatric-otitis-media-with-effusion
#5
Ann L Edmunds
Otiprio: an FDA-approved ciprofloxacin suspension gel for pediatric otitis media.
May 2017: P & T: a Peer-reviewed Journal for Formulary Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477429/higher-serum-25-oh-d-concentration-is-associated-with-lower-risk-of-chronic-otitis-media-with-effusion-a-case-control-study
#6
Rebecca E Walker, Jim Bartley, Carlos A Camargo, David Flint, John M D Thompson, Edwin A Mitchell
AIM: Vitamin D supplementation and higher 25(OH)-vitamin D concentration are associated with reduced risk of acute respiratory infection. This study examined whether there is a similar association between higher serum 25(OH)D concentration and lower risk of chronic otitis media with effusion (COME). METHODS: In a case-control study, serum 25(OH)D concentration in children referred for tympanostomy tube placement for COME (n=178) was compared to that of healthy children randomly sampled from primary care practices (n=179)...
May 6, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473270/clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-otitis-media-with-effusion-ome-in-children-in-japan-2015
#7
Makoto Ito, Haruo Takahashi, Yukiko Iino, Hiromi Kojima, Sho Hashimoto, Yosuke Kamide, Fumiyo Kudo, Hitome Kobayashi, Haruo Kuroki, Atsuko Nakano, Hiroshi Hidaka, Goro Takahashi, Haruo Yoshida, Takeo Nakayama
OBJECTIVE: To (1) indicate the definition, the disease state, methods of diagnosis, and testing for otitis media with effusion (OME) in childhood (<12 years); and (2) recommend methods of treatment in accordance with the evidence-based consensus reached by the Subcommittee of Clinical Practice Guideline for Diagnosis and Management of OME in Children. METHODS: We produced Clinical Questions (CQs) concerning the treatment of OME and searched the literature published until April 2014 according to each theme including CQ, the definition, the disease state, the method of diagnosis, and examination...
May 1, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468223/values-range-of-tympanometric-gradient-in-otitis-media-with-effusion
#8
Sertac Duzer, Oner Sakallioglu, Abdulvahap Akyigit, Cahit Polat, Hasan Cetiner, Nihat Susaman
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to establish how reliable a given tympanogram is in predicting the presence or absence of a middle ear effusion, and to provide new views for the diagnostic information of tympanometry. The use of tympanometric gradient in addition to static admittance is the focus of this study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors enrolled 146 female and 129 male patients. The participants were allocated into groups as follow: Group A1 consisted of 50 healthy children...
May 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468206/the-predictive-value-of-neutrophil-lymphocyte-and-platelet-lymphocyte-ratio-for-the-effusion-viscosity-in-otitis-media-with-chronic-effusion
#9
Mustafa Suphi Elbistanli, Hasan Emre Koçak, Harun Acipayam, Ayşe Pelin Yiğider, Mehmet Keskin, Fatma Tülin Kayhan
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the authors' study was to investigate the predictive value of the neutrophil-lymphocyte rate (NLR) and platelet-lymphocyte rate (PLR) in otitis media with effusion and the correlation of the effusion type with these ratios. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study. METHODS: One hundred twenty-six pediatric patients diagnosed otitis media with chronic effusion and had ventilation tube inserted between October 2015 and July 2016 were included in the study group and 124 healthy children, who applied for the routine examination and had blood count analysis, were included in the control group...
May 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460599/the-human-otitis-media-with-effusion-a-numerical-based-study
#10
B Areias, M P L Parente, C Santos, F Gentil, R M Natal Jorge
Otitis media is a group of inflammatory diseases of the middle ear. Acute otitis media and otitis media with effusion (OME) are its two main types of manifestation. Otitis media is common in children and can result in structural alterations in the middle ear which will lead to hearing losses. This work studies the effects of an OME on the sound transmission from the external auditory meatus to the inner ear. The finite element method was applied on the present biomechanical study. The numerical model used in this work was built based on the geometrical information obtained from The visible ear project...
May 1, 2017: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459055/video-nasoendoscopic-assisted-transoral-adenoidectomy-with-the-peak-plasmablade-a-preliminary-report-of-a-case-series
#11
Chao-Yin Kuo, Yuan-Yung Lin, Hsin-Chien Chen, Cheng-Ping Shih, Chih-Hung Wang
Objectives. The primary objective for this study is to evaluate the advantages, disadvantages, surgical applicability, and outcome of the pulsed electron avalanche knife (PEAK) PlasmaBlade in transoral adenoidectomy under direct visualization using video nasoendoscopy. Patients and Methods. In this series, six cases of adenoid hypertrophy showing varying clinical presentations in relation to its clinical course were surgically treated using a PEAK PlasmaBlade. Before and after surgery, all patients underwent nasal endoscopy to define the grading of hypertrophic adenoids and postoperative outcome...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455742/eosinophilic-otitis-media-the-aftermath-of-eosinophil-extracellular-trap-cell-death
#12
REVIEW
Shigeharu Ueki, Nobuo Ohta, Masahide Takeda, Yasunori Konno, Makoto Hirokawa
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Eosinophilic otitis media (EOM) is a refractory disease characterized by the accumulation of eosinophils in middle ear effusion and mucosa. We summarize current knowledge regarding the clinical characteristics and management of EOM. Although eosinophil activation in inflamed foci is involved in the pathogenesis of EOM, little is known about the fate of the eosinophils and aftermath of their cell death. We discuss the possibility that eosinophils undergo non-apoptotic cell death that worsens tissue damage and increases effusion viscosity...
May 2017: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434389/evaluation-of-the-protective-effect-of-botulinum-toxin-type-a-injection-on-otitis-media-with-effusion
#13
Ömer Faruk Çalım, Yavuz Selim Yıldırım, Remzi Doğan, Selhattin Tuğrul, Özge Gedik, Orhan Özturan
OBJECTIVE: This study makes an analysis of the effect of Botulinum toxin type A on otitis media with effusion in rats. METHOD: As part of the study, 24 male Wistar Albino rats were divided into three groups: Group 1: Botulinum toxin Type A and Histamıne (intratympanic 0.2 ml = 20 unit BTA); Group 2: Saline and Histamine (intratympanic 0.2 ml 0.9%); Group 3: Histamine (intratympanic 0.2 ml). Histamine (intratympanic 0.2 ml) was administered into the right ear for all groups...
April 22, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426992/factors-affecting-sound-energy-absorbance-in-acute-otitis-media-model-of-chinchilla
#14
Xiying Guan, Thomas W Seale, Rong Z Gan
Acute otitis media (AOM) is a rapid-onset infection of the middle ear which results in middle ear pressure (MEP), middle ear effusion (MEE), and structural changes in middle ear tissues. Previous studies from our laboratory have identified that MEP, MEE, and middle ear structural changes are three factors affecting tympanic membrane (TM) mobility and hearing levels (Guan et al., 2014, 2013). Sound energy reflectance or absorbance (EA) is a diagnostic tool increasingly used in clinical settings for the identification of middle ear diseases...
April 10, 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393054/otitis-media-with-effusion-in-children-and-the-impact-of-risk-factors-on-serum-cytokine-levels
#15
Saba Arshi, Fatemeh Dehghani Firouzabadi, Babak Ghalehbaghi, Ali Dehghani Firouzabadi, Farhad Jalali, Mehdi Shekarabi, Reza Sirous, Mohammad Dehghani Firouzabadi
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the role of allergic-type and infectious-type cytokines in children with chronic otitis media with effusion (OME). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We investigated serum levels of interleukins (IL)-4, IL-5, and IL-13, along with interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in 35 children with OME and 28 healthy controls. RESULTS: Children with OME had significantly higher levels of IL-5 in comparison with the control group, ranging from 1 pg/ml in cases to 0...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391020/ruptured-aneurysm-of-an-aberrant-internal-carotid-artery-successfully-treated-with-simultaneous-intervention-and-surgery-in-a-hybrid-operating-room
#16
Yoichiro Kawamura, Tetsuro Sayama, Naoki Maehara, Ataru Nishimura, Koji Iihara
BACKGROUND: Aberrant internal carotid artery (aICA) is an anatomical anomaly whereby the internal carotid artery (ICA) courses through the tympanic cavity without separation by bone. Since aICA is rare, there are no definite treatment strategies for aICA and its complications. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report a case of aICA accompanied by pseudoaneurysm formation and massive bleeding. Our case was a 31-year-old woman with a 2-year history of hearing loss, ear fullness, and pulsatile tinnitus in her left ear...
April 5, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390622/the-effect-of-caffeic-acid-phenethyl-ester-and-thymoquinone-on-otitis-media-with-effusion-in-rats
#17
Mehmet İhsan Gülmez, Şemsettin Okuyucu, Recep Dokuyucu, Hasan Gökçe
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of CAPE and thymoquinone in experimental rat otitis media with effusion (OME) model. METHODS: Intraoral approach of eustachian tube orifice cauterization were administered to 36 of 40 rats participating the study. After application of exclusion criterias, 22 rats with appropriate conditions were determined. Totally 26 rats (44 otitis model ears and 8 normal ears) were randomly divided into 5 groups. While group I was consisted of healthy rats, the other groups were consisted of rats with otitis model...
May 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385090/paediatric-otitis-media-with-effusion-is-connected-to-deficits-in-music-perception
#18
Anna Krzyżak, Olaf Zagólski, Michał Pawełek, Paweł Stręk
PURPOSE: This study tested the hypothesis that children with otitis media with effusion (OME) attending a primary school are at risk of impairment of their musical skills. OME is characterized as an inflammation with accumulation of secretion in the tympanic cavity, leading to conductive hearing loss. METHOD: Perception of music in children is assessed using the Montreal Battery of Evaluation of Music Abilities (MBEMA). Listeners are required to judge whether two successive melodies are the same or different on tests of scale, contour, interval and rhythm...
April 6, 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382124/frequency-of-serous-otitis-media-in-children-without-otolaryngological-symptoms
#19
Murat Kocyigit, Safiye Giran Ortekin, Taliye Cakabay, Guven Ozkaya, Selin Ustun Bezgin, Mustafa Kemal Adali
Introduction Otitis media with effusion is the fluid in the middle ear with no signs or symptoms of acute ear infection. Objective This study aims to research the frequency of serous otitis media in patients referred to the pediatric clinic between 3-16 years of age without any active ear, nose, and throat complaints. Methods This study included 589 children patients (280 boys, 309 girls; mean age: 9.42; range 3-16) who were administered to the pediatric clinic without otolaryngologic complaints. Patients underwent examination with flexible nasopharyngoscopy for adenoid hypertrophy...
April 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372534/panel-7-otitis-media-treatment-and-complications
#20
Anne G M Schilder, Tal Marom, Mahmood F Bhutta, Margaretha L Casselbrant, Harvey Coates, Marie Gisselsson-Solén, Amanda J Hall, Paola Marchisio, Aino Ruohola, Roderick P Venekamp, Ellen M Mandel
Objective We aimed to summarize key articles published between 2011 and 2015 on the treatment of (recurrent) acute otitis media, otitis media with effusion, tympanostomy tube otorrhea, chronic suppurative otitis media and complications of otitis media, and their implications for clinical practice. Data Sources PubMed, Ovid Medline, the Cochrane Library, and Clinical Evidence (BMJ Publishing). Review Methods All types of articles related to otitis media treatment and complications between June 2011 and March 2015 were identified...
April 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
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