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Evidence based informed practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783214/-the-formation-of-safe-behavior-among-young-people-in-the-family-conditions
#1
Svitlana O Bondar
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The article is dedicated to studying the readiness and ability of parents to form safe behavior of their own children with the aim to avoid school traumatism with respect to the complexity and systematic necessary for principles of prophylaxis. The author pays attention to this very aspect of the problem as for nowadays the works of studying the role of the family, the readiness of parents to form the culture of their own children's health are practically absent...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782209/practical-assessment-and-management-of-vulnerabilities-in-older-patients-receiving-chemotherapy-asco-guideline-for-geriatric-oncology
#2
Supriya G Mohile, William Dale, Mark R Somerfield, Mara A Schonberg, Cynthia M Boyd, Peggy S Burhenn, Beverly Canin, Harvey Jay Cohen, Holly M Holmes, Judith O Hopkins, Michelle C Janelsins, Alok A Khorana, Heidi D Klepin, Stuart M Lichtman, Karen M Mustian, William P Tew, Arti Hurria
Purpose To provide guidance regarding the practical assessment and management of vulnerabilities in older patients undergoing chemotherapy. Methods An Expert Panel was convened to develop clinical practice guideline recommendations based on a systematic review of the medical literature. Results A total of 68 studies met eligibility criteria and form the evidentiary basis for the recommendations. Recommendations In patients ≥ 65 years receiving chemotherapy, geriatric assessment (GA) should be used to identify vulnerabilities that are not routinely captured in oncology assessments...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781728/positive-neuropsychology-the-science-and-practice-of-promoting-cognitive-health
#3
John J Randolph
Positive psychology has influenced multiple subfields within psychology and areas outside of psychology. While positive psychology's focus on positive mental health and character strengths did not appear to meaningfully impact neuropsychology in its earlier stages, more recent indications suggest that the neuropsychological literature, and perhaps the field as a whole, has begun to embrace related research and practice applications. In this context, positive neuropsychology has emerged as a neuropsychological orientation focused on the study and practice of promoting cognitive health...
July 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781350/on-line-ethics-education-for-occupational-therapy-clinician-educators-a-single-group-pre-post-test-study
#4
Sandra VanderKaay, Lori Letts, Bonny Jung, Sandra E Moll
PURPOSE: Ethics education is a critical component of training rehabilitation practitioners. There is a need for capacity-building among ethics educators regarding facilitating ethical decision-making among students. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the utility of an on-line ethics education module for occupational therapy clinician-educators (problem-based learning tutors/clinical placement preceptors/evidence-based practice facilitators). METHOD: The Knowledge-to-Action Process informed development and evaluation of the module...
May 20, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780578/towards-the-development-of-day-one-competences-in-veterinary-behaviour-medicine-survey-of-veterinary-professionals-experience-in-companion-animal-practice-in-ireland
#5
Olwen Golden, Alison J Hanlon
Background: Veterinary behaviour medicine should be a foundation subject of the veterinary curriculum because of its wide scope of applications to veterinary practice. Private practitioners are likely to be the primary source of information on animal behaviour for most pet owners, however studies indicate that behavioural issues are not frequently discussed during companion animal consultations and many practitioners lack confidence in dealing with behavioural problems, likely due to poor coverage of this subject in veterinary education...
2018: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779911/piloting-medication-histories-in-a-pediatric-postanesthesia-care-unit
#6
Nathan Lake, Humaira Nawer, Deborah Wagner
PURPOSE: Develop a medication history process for pediatric postanesthesia care unit (PACU) patients to identify discrepancies between home and inpatient medications and prevent medication errors. DESIGN: Pilot an evidence-based practice change to perform PACU medication histories. METHODS: Inpatients or surgical admissions to general care units at a pediatric tertiary care 348-bed hospital ages 2-18 years were included. Parents/guardians were asked about their child's prescription and over-the-counter medications, allergies, and adherence...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779546/state-legislative-approach-to-enumerating-behavioral-health-workforce-shortages-lessons-learned-in-new-mexico
#7
Deborah B Altschul, Caroline A Bonham, Martha J Faulkner, Amy W Farnbach Pearson, Jessica Reno, Wayne Lindstrom, Shelley M Alonso-Marsden, Annette Crisanti, Julie G Salvador, Richard Larson
Nationally, the behavioral health workforce is in crisis because of a lack of resources, culturally responsive services, quality clinical supervision, sufficient training in evidence-based practices, and targeted recruitment and retention. Disparities in access to behavioral health care are particularly significant in New Mexico, where 25% of the population live in rural areas, and behavioral health shortages are among the highest in the nation. Additionally, as a Medicaid expansion state, New Mexico providers experience increased demand for services at a time when the state is challenged with limited workforce capacity...
June 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778301/behavioral-coping-plans-one-inter-professional-team-s-approach-to-patient-centered-care
#8
Katherine Wittling, Jessica Palumbo Dufur, Ashley McClain, Margaret Gettis
BACKGROUND: Surgical encounters for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are stressful to patients, families and health care providers. It is recognized that parents best anticipate needs of children with ASD. Including a family in the plan of care for the child is imperative. In response to the need for targeted, tailored care, an inter-professional surgical services team convened to determine best practices for addressing a behavioral and developmental plan for children with ASD in the surgical services arena...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777965/what-do-we-know-about-sibling-attended-birth-an-integrative-literature-review
#9
REVIEW
Nora L Naber, Suzanne Miller, Sally A Baddock
OBJECTIVE: to consolidate existing research in the field of sibling attended birth (SAB) into a body of knowledge to inform decision-making processes and guide midwifery practice throughout the sibling attended birth experience. DESIGN: An integrative literature review. DATA SOURCES: CINAHL Complete, Cochrane Library, PubMed, Index New Zealand, Australia/New Zealand Reference Centre, grey literature databases REVIEW METHODS: An extensive search of five electronic databases as well as 17 grey literature databases was conducted...
May 8, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775501/educational-interventions-for-improving-primary-caregiver-complementary-feeding-practices-for-children-aged-24-months-and-under
#10
REVIEW
Dachi Arikpo, Ededet Sewanu Edet, Moriam T Chibuzor, Friday Odey, Deborah M Caldwell
BACKGROUND: Although complementary feeding is a universal practice, the methods and manner in which it is practiced vary between cultures, individuals and socioeconomic classes. The period of complementary feeding is a critical time of transition in the life of an infant, and inappropriate complementary feeding practices, with their associated adverse health consequences, remain a significant global public health problem. Educational interventions are widely acknowledged as effective in promoting public health strategy, and those aimed at improving complementary feeding practices provide information about proper complementary feeding practices to caregivers of infants/children...
May 18, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775073/diffuse-gliomas-for-nonneuropathologists-the-new-integrated-molecular-diagnostics
#11
Sunhee C Lee
Diffuse gliomas comprise the bulk of "brain cancer" in adults. The recent update to the 4th edition of the World Health Organization's classification of tumors of the central nervous system reflects an unprecedented change in the landscape of the diagnosis and management of diffuse gliomas that will affect all those involved in the management and care of patients. Of the recently discovered gene alterations, mutations in the Krebs cycle enzymes isocitrate dehydrogenases (IDHs) 1 and 2 have fundamentally changed the way the gliomas are understood and classified...
May 18, 2018: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774867/incorporation-of-dynamic-stopping-strategy-into-the-high-speed-ssvep-based-bcis
#12
Jing Jiang, Erwei Yin, Chunhui Wang, Minpeng Xu, Dong Ming
OBJECTIVE: Electroencephalography (EEG) is a non-linear and non-stationary process, as a result, its features are unstable and often vary in quality across trials, which poses significant challenges to brain-computer interfaces (BCIs). One remedy to this problem is to adaptively collect sufficient EEG evidence using dynamic stopping (DS) strategies. The high-speed steady-state visual evoked potential (SSVEP)-based BCI has experienced tremendous progress in recent years. This study aims to further improve the high-speed SSVEP-based BCI by incorporating the DS strategy...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771745/national-institute-on-drug-abuse-international-program-improving-opioid-use-disorder-treatment-through-international-research-training
#13
Steven W Gust, Judy McCormally
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: For more than 25 years, the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) has supported research-training programs, establishing a global research network and expanding the knowledge base on substance use disorders. International research to inform approaches to opioid addiction is particularly important and relevant to the United States, where opioid misuse, addiction, and overdose constitute an emerging public health crisis. This article summarizes the NIDA International Program and illustrates its impact by reviewing recent articles about treatment approaches for opioid use disorders (OUD)...
May 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771570/how-primary-health-care-staff-working-in-rural-and-remote-areas-access-skill-development-and-expertise-to-support-health-promotion-practice
#14
Kathryn A McFarlane, Jenni Judd, Hylda Wapau, Nina Nichols, Kerrianne Watt, Sue Devine
INTRODUCTION: Health promotion is a key component of comprehensive primary health care. Health promotion approaches complement healthcare management by enabling individuals to increase control over their health. Many primary healthcare staff have a role to play in health promotion practice, but their ability to integrate health promotion into practice is influenced by their previous training and experience. For primary healthcare staff working in rural and remote locations, access to professional development can be limited by what is locally available and prohibitive in terms of cost for travel and accommodation...
May 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771251/-ebm-guidelines-protocols-knowledge-attitudes-and-utilization-in-the-era-of-law-on-professional-responsibility-and-safety-of-health-care
#15
Silvia Minozzi, Francesca Ruggiero, Matteo Capobussi, Marien González-Lorenzo, Micaela La Regina, Alessandro Squizzato, Lorenzo Moja, Francesco Orlandini
INTRODUCTION: <AbstractText Label="INTRODUCTION" NlmCategory="BACKGROUND">The knowledge of principles and methods of Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) and the use of Clinical Practice Guidelines to inform clinical decisions are recognised as key instruments to improve the quality of care. In Italy the Parliament has revised the legal system that rules the responsibilities of health professionals and health care safety, prescribing health professionals to adhere to guidelines and good practice recommendations...
May 2018: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770246/development-of-the-imb-model-and-an-evidence-based-diabetes-self-management-mobile-application
#16
Eunjoo Jeon, Hyeoun-Ae Park
Objectives: This study developed a diabetes self-management mobile application based on the information-motivation-behavioral skills (IMB) model, evidence extracted from clinical practice guidelines, and requirements identified through focus group interviews (FGIs) with diabetes patients. Methods: We developed a diabetes self-management (DSM) app in accordance with the following four stages of the system development life cycle. The functional and knowledge requirements of the users were extracted through FGIs with 19 diabetes patients...
April 2018: Healthcare Informatics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770243/mobile-technology-in-undergraduate-nursing-education-a-systematic-review
#17
Hyejung Lee, Haeyoung Min, Su-Mi Oh, Kaka Shim
Objectives: This study aimed to identify and systematically review the literature on the use of mobile technology in nursing education. The research findings could evidence the effectiveness of mobile technology in undergraduate nursing students' learning outcomes. Methods: Computerized searches were conducted using the Ovid-MEDLINE, Ovid-EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and CINAHL databases for relevant primary studies and limited to those between 2000 and February 2018...
April 2018: Healthcare Informatics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770115/the-prevalence-of-pseudoscientific-ideas-and-neuromyths-among-sports-coaches
#18
Richard P Bailey, Daniel J Madigan, Ed Cope, Adam R Nicholls
There has been an exponential growth in research examining the neurological basis of human cognition and learning. Little is known, however, about the extent to which sports coaches are aware of these advances. Consequently, the aim of the present study was to examine the prevalence of pseudoscientific ideas among British and Irish sports coaches. In total, 545 coaches from the United Kingdom and Ireland completed a measure that included questions about how evidence-based theories of the brain might enhance coaching and learning, how they were exposed to these different theories, and their awareness of neuromyths...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770054/new-vaccine-administration-practice-recommendations-from-the-canadian-immunization-guide
#19
C Jensen, D Moore, C Mah, O Baclic, S Marchant-Short
Background: The Canadian Immunization Guide (CIG) is published online by the Public Health Agency of Canada and summarizes guidance on vaccines for human use into a single resource. Chapters are reviewed and updated on a regular basis. Vaccine administration is a critical part of any immunization program. Recently, the CIG chapter on vaccine administration practices was updated. Objective: To provide highlights of recent changes to the Vaccine Administration Practices chapter of the CIG...
November 2, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769096/a-methodology-for-generating-a-tailored-implementation-blueprint-an-exemplar-from-a-youth-residential-setting
#20
Cara C Lewis, Kelli Scott, Brigid R Marriott
BACKGROUND: Tailored implementation approaches are touted as more likely to support the integration of evidence-based practices. However, to our knowledge, few methodologies for tailoring implementations exist. This manuscript will apply a model-driven, mixed methods approach to a needs assessment to identify the determinants of practice, and pilot a modified conjoint analysis method to generate an implementation blueprint using a case example of a cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) implementation in a youth residential center...
May 16, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
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