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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777881/single-incision-laparoscopic-versus-conventional-laparoscopic-right-colectomy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Boye Dong, Zuyang Luo, Jiabao Lu, Yang Yang, Yixian Song, Jie Cao, Wanglin Li
BACKGROUND: Single-incision laparoscopic surgery has gained widespread attention because of its potential benefits such as less skin incision and faster recovery. Up to now, only one meta-analysis (performed in 2013; including 9 studies, a total of 585 cases) compared single-incision laparoscopic right colectomy (SILRC) with conventional laparoscopic right colectomy (CLRC). An updated meta-analysis was undertaken to explore more convinced comparative findings between SILRC and CLRC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The search for studies that compared SILRC with CLRC was done on PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library...
May 16, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772862/-effect-of-surgical-intervention-time-on-the-recovery-of-nerve-function-in-acute-spinal-cord-injury-a-meta-analysis
#2
Wen-Tao Zhao, Guang-Dong Chen, Dong-Chang Xia, Pan-Pan Li
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of different operation time for acute spinal cord injury(SCI) based on systematic review. METHODS: PubMed database, EMBASE database, Cochrane Library, ISI Web of knowledge, CBM database, VIP database, CNKI database and Wanfang database were searched from their start year up to February 2017 for relevant randomized clinical trials on the treatment of acute spinal cord injury with different intervention times. RESULTS: Four randomized clinical trials of total 156 cases were included...
April 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767298/-complications-and-side-effects-of-conservative-treatment-of-rhinological-diseases
#3
REVIEW
I Küster, C Rudack, A Beule
BACKGROUND: The spectrum of rhinological diseases is wide, as is that of their drug-based treatment. Only 1272 compounds coded R01 (nasal preparations) are listed in the ATC group (Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification). Conservative therapy of rhinological diseases additionally includes systemic (often oral) application of corticosteroids, antibiotics and immunomodulators. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to outline possible complications of medication (subdivided into classes of ingredients) commonly used to treat rhinological diseases in hospitals...
May 16, 2018: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759540/incidence-predictors-and-outcomes-of-early-atrial-arrhythmias-after-lung-transplant-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Marwan Saad, Islam Y Elgendy, Amgad Mentias, Hesham K Abdelaziz, Amr F Barakat, Ahmed Abuzaid, Akram Y Elgendy, Mohammad K Mojadidi, Satish Chandrashekaran, Ahmed N Mahmoud
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the incidence, predictors, and prognostic implications of early post-lung transplant atrial arrhythmias (AAs). BACKGROUND: Although frequently encountered, the prognostic implications of early AAs after lung transplant remain uncertain. METHODS: A systematic review of MEDLINE and the Cochrane Library was conducted for all studies that reported early post-lung transplant AAs. Random-effects DerSimonian-Laird risk ratios (RRs) were calculated for categorical variables and standardized mean difference (SMD) for continuous variables...
July 2017: JACC. Clinical Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758592/comparison-of-a-therapeutic-only-versus-prophylactic-platelet-transfusion-policy-for-people-with-congenital-or-acquired-bone-marrow-failure-disorders
#5
REVIEW
Reem Malouf, Asma Ashraf, Andreas V Hadjinicolaou, Carolyn Doree, Sally Hopewell, Lise J Estcourt
BACKGROUND: Bone marrow disorders encompass a group of diseases characterised by reduced production of red cells, white cells, and platelets, or defects in their function, or both. The most common bone marrow disorder is myelodysplastic syndrome. Thrombocytopenia, a low platelet count, commonly occurs in people with bone marrow failure. Platetet transfusions are routinely used in people with thrombocytopenia secondary to bone marrow failure disorders to treat or prevent bleeding. Myelodysplastic syndrome is currently the most common reason for receiving a platelet transfusion in some Western countries...
May 14, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756471/medication-regimen-complexity-measured-by-mrci-a-systematic-review-to-identify-health-outcomes
#6
Vanessa Alves-Conceição, Kérilin Stancine Santos Rocha, Fernanda Vilanova Nascimento Silva, Rafaella Oliveira Santos Silva, Daniel Tenório da Silva, Divaldo Pereira de Lyra-Jr
OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review to identify health outcomes related to medication regimen complexity as measured by the Medication Regimen Complexity Index (MRCI) instrument. DATA SOURCES: Cochrane Library, LILACS, PubMed, Scopus, EMBASE, Open Thesis, and Web of Science were searched from January 1, 2004, until April 02, 2018, using the following search terms: outcome assessment, drug therapy, and Medication Regimen Complexity Index and their synonyms in different combinations...
May 1, 2018: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755692/defunctioning-ileostomy-reduces-leakage-rate-in-rectal-cancer-surgery-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Magdalena Pisarska, Natalia Gajewska, Piotr Małczak, Michał Wysocki, Jan Witowski, Grzegorz Torbicz, Piotr Major, Magdalena Mizera, Marcin Dembiński, Marcin Migaczewski, Andrzej Budzyński, Michał Pędziwiatr
Objectives: The role of a defunctioning ileostomy in every anterior rectal resection with total mesorectal excision (TME) is still controversial. In this study, we aimed to review the current literature to determine the impact of ileostomy creation on postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing anterior rectal resection with TME. Methods: MEDLINE, Embase and Cochrane Library were searched for eligible studies. We analyzed data up to October 2017. Eligible studies had to compare patients with vs...
April 17, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753952/outcomes-of-mini-vs-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Fu-Gang Wang, Wen-Mao Yan, Ming Yan, Mao-Min Song
BACKGROUND: Mini gastric bypass has been proved to be capable of achieving excellent metabolic results by numerous published studies. Compared to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, mini gastric bypass is a technically simpler and reversible procedure. However, comparative outcomes of the effectiveness between Mini gastric bypass and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass remain unclear. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed in Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane library from inception to February 9, 2018...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753897/comparison-of-multilevel-cervical-disc-replacement-and-multilevel-anterior-discectomy-and-fusion-a-systematic-review-of-biomechanical-and-clinical-evidence
#9
REVIEW
Yang Li, Hangkai Shen, Kamran Z Khan, Shushu Fang, Zhenhua Liao, Weiqiang Liu
The present study aimed to comprehensively compare the clinical and biomechanical efficiency of combined anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) with the anterior cervical disc replacement (ACDR) for treatment of multilevel cervical disc diease (CDD) using a meta-analysis and systematical review. A literature search was performed using Pubmed, MEDLINE, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library for papers published between January 1960 and December 2017. Both clinical and biomechanical parameters were analyzed...
May 10, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753295/major-depressive-disorder-in-epilepsy-clinics-a-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Minjung Kim, Young-Soo Kim, Do-Hyung Kim, Tae-Won Yang, Oh-Young Kwon
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Although depression is a frequent psychiatric comorbidity in people with epilepsy (PWE), its prevalence has been underestimated. Comorbid depression has negative impacts on treatment outcomes and quality of life (QOL). It also causes various problems in PWE, such as fatigue, irritability, and suicidality. This meta-analysis was performed to estimate the frequency of major depression disorder (MDD) in clinics managing PWE. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and SCOPUS to identify studies...
May 9, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741752/abdominal-drainage-to-prevent-intra-peritoneal-abscess-after-open-appendectomy-for-complicated-appendicitis
#11
REVIEW
Zhe Li, Longshuan Zhao, Yao Cheng, Nansheng Cheng, Yilei Deng
BACKGROUND: Appendectomy, the surgical removal of the appendix, is performed primarily for acute appendicitis. Patients who undergo appendectomy for complicated appendicitis, defined as gangrenous or perforated appendicitis, are more likely to suffer from postoperative complications. The routine use of abdominal drainage to reduce postoperative complications after appendectomy for complicated appendicitis is controversial.This is an update of the review first published in 2015. OBJECTIVES: To assess the safety and efficacy of abdominal drainage to prevent intra-peritoneal abscess after open appendectomy for complicated appendicitis...
May 9, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741691/the-volume-threshold-of-300-versus-100-ml-day-for-chest-tube-removal-after-pulmonary-lobectomy-a-meta-analysis
#12
Tian-Xiang Zhang, Ye Zhang, Zhi-Dong Liu, Shi-Jie Zhou, Shao-Fa Xu
OBJECTIVES: In this meta-analysis, we conducted a pooled analysis of clinical studies comparing the efficacy of a volume threshold of 300 ml/day before removing a chest tube (CT) versus 100 ml/day after a lobectomy. METHODS: According to the recommendations of the Cochrane Collaboration, we established a rigorous study protocol. We performed a systematic electronic search of PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science databases, CNKI, the Wanfang database, CBMdisc and Google Scholar to identify articles to include in our meta-analysis...
May 7, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738409/reduction-of-blood-loss-by-tranexamic-acid-following-total-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-a-meta-analysis
#13
Arianna L Gianakos, Eoghan T Hurley, R Sterling Haring, Richard S Yoon, Frank A Liporace
BACKGROUND: This study involved a meta-analysis of 36 published studies to examine the efficacy of intravenous (IV) and intra-articular (IA) tranexamic acid (TXA) in reducing blood loss, drain output, thromboembolic complications, and hospital stay following total hip and total knee arthroplasty. This study also evaluated whether treatment with a combination of both IA and IV TXA has an effect on these outcomes. Lastly, this study attempted to analyze the method and technique of TXA administration in order to establish a best practice for its use in reducing overall blood loss in arthroplasty procedures...
May 1, 2018: JBJS Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732540/retraction-sunlight-exposure-is-important-for-preventing-hip-fractures-in-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-parkinson-s-disease-or-stroke-by-j-iwamoto-t-takeda-and-h-matsumoto
#14
(no author information available yet)
The above article from Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, published online on 18 June 2011 in Wiley Online Library (http://wileyonlinelibrary.com) and in Volume 125, pp. 279-284, has been retracted by agreement between the authors, the Journal Editor-in-Chief Elinor Ben-Menachem and John Wiley & Sons Ltd. The Retraction has been agreed due to extensive duplication of previously published material on the part of Dr Sato, who has acknowledged full responsibility. Dr. Iwamoto would like to note the following information related to this retraction: Dr...
June 2018: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729558/the-impact-of-continuous-versus-intermittent-vital-signs-monitoring-in-hospitals-a-systematic-review-and-narrative-synthesis
#15
REVIEW
C L Downey, S Chapman, R Randell, J M Brown, D G Jayne
BACKGROUND: Continuous vital signs monitoring on general hospital wards may allow earlier detection of patient deterioration and improve patient outcomes. This systematic review will assess if continuous monitoring is practical outside of the critical care setting, and whether it confers any clinical benefit to patients. METHODS: MEDLINE® , MEDLINE® In-Process, EMBASE, CINAHL and The Cochrane Library were searched for articles that evaluated the clinical or non-clinical outcomes of continuous vital signs monitoring in adults outside of the critical care setting...
April 21, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724107/mapping-the-interprofessional-education-landscape-for-students-on-rural-clinical-placements-an-integrative-literature-review
#16
Lorraine Walker, Merylin Cross, Tony Barnett
INTRODUCTION: Interprofessional collaboration and effective teamwork are core to optimising rural health outcomes; however, little is known about the opportunities available for interprofessional education (IPE) in rural clinical learning environments. This integrative literature review addresses this deficit by identifying, analysing and synthesising the research available about the nature of and potential for IPE provided to undergraduate students undertaking rural placements, the settings and disciplines involved and the outcomes achieved...
May 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723934/multifaceted-pharmacist-led-interventions-in-the-hospital-setting-a-systematic-review
#17
Helene Skjøt-Arkil, Carina Lundby Olesen, Lene Juel Kjeldsen, Diana Mark Skovgårds, Anna Birna Almarsdóttir, Tue Kjølhede, Tina Hoff Duedahl, Anton Pottegård, Trine Graabaek
Clinical pharmacy services often comprise complex interventions. In this MiniReview, we conducted a systematic review aiming to evaluate the impact of multifaceted pharmacist-led interventions in a hospital setting. We searched MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane Library and CINAHL for peer-reviewed articles published from 2006 to 1 March 2018. Controlled trials concerning hospitalized patients in any setting receiving patient-related multifaceted pharmacist-led interventions were considered. All types of outcomes were accepted...
May 3, 2018: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723672/tranexamic-acid-versus-aminocaproic-acid-for-blood-management-after-total-knee-and-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Qiuliang Liu, Peishuo Geng, Longyan Shi, Qi Wang, Pengliang Wang
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and safety of tranexamic acid and aminocaproic acid for reducing blood loss and transfusion requirements after total knee and total hip arthroplasty. METHODS: We conduct electronic searches of Medline (1966-2017.11), PubMed (1966-2017.11), Embase (1980-2017.11), ScienceDirect (1985-2017.11) and the Cochrane Library (1900-2017.11). The primary outcomes, including total blood loss, hemoglobin decline and transfusion requirements...
April 30, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722116/blood-glucose-reduction-by-diabetic-drugs-with-minimal-hypoglycemia-risk-for-cardiovascular-outcomes-evidence-from-meta-regression-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#19
Chi-Jung Huang, Wei-Ting Wang, Shih-Hsien Sung, Chen-Huan Chen, Gregory Yh Lip, Hao-Min Cheng, Chern-En Chiang
AIM: To investigate the effects of blood glucose control with antihyperglycemic agents with minimal hypoglycemia risk on cardiovascular outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the relative efficacy and safety of antidiabetic drugs with less hypoglycemia risk were comprehensively searched in MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane Library up to January 27, 2018. Mixed-effects meta-regression analysis was conducted to explore the relationship between haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) reduction and the risk of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), myocardial infarction, stroke, cardiovascular death, all-cause death, and hospitalization for heart failure...
May 2, 2018: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719727/effects-of-preoperative-and-postoperative-resistance-exercise-interventions-on-recovery-of-physical-function-in-patients-undergoing-abdominal-surgery-for-cancer-a-systematic-review-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#20
David Stephensen, Ferhana Hashem, Kevin Corbett, Amanda Bates, Michelle George, Ralph Peter Hobbs, Malcolm Hopkins, Irena Hutchins, David Peter Lowery, Tracy Pellatt-Higgins, Charitini Stavropoulou, Ian Swaine, Lee Tomlinson, Hazel Woodward, Haythem Ali
Objective: To systematically review the effects of preoperative and postoperative resistance exercise training on the recovery of physical function in patients undergoing abdominal surgery for cancer. Data sources: A systematic review of English articles using Medline, Physiotherapy Evidence Database, CINAHL and the Cochrane Library electronic databases was undertaken. Eligibility criteria for selecting studies: Studies were included if they used a randomised, quasi-randomised or controlled trial study design and compared the effects of a muscle-strengthening exercise intervention (±other therapy) with a comparative non-exercise group; involved adult participants (≥18 years) who had elected to undergo abdominal surgery for cancer; and used muscle strength, physical function, self-reported functional ability, range of motion and/or a performance-based test as an outcome measure...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
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