keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hospital library

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102899/b-type-natriuretic-peptide-guided-treatment-for-heart-failure
#1
REVIEW
Julie McLellan, Carl J Heneghan, Rafael Perera, Alison M Clements, Paul P Glasziou, Karen E Kearley, Nicola Pidduck, Nia W Roberts, Sally Tyndel, F Lucy Wright, Clare Bankhead
BACKGROUND: Heart failure is a condition in which the heart does not pump enough blood to meet all the needs of the body. Symptoms of heart failure include breathlessness, fatigue and fluid retention. Outcomes for patients with heart failure are highly variable; however on average, these patients have a poor prognosis. Prognosis can be improved with early diagnosis and appropriate use of medical treatment, use of devices and transplantation. Patients with heart failure are high users of healthcare resources, not only due to drug and device treatments, but due to high costs of hospitalisation care...
December 22, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101720/enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-programs-for-liver-resection-a-meta-analysis
#2
Cheng Wang, Guoqun Zheng, Wenlong Zhang, Fabiao Zhang, Shangdong Lv, Aidong Wang, Zheping Fang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Due to the limited number of high-quality randomized controlled trials on enhanced recovery after surgery for hepatectomy, previous reviews have not been sufficiently comprehensive. Our objectives were to evaluate and compare the safety and efficacy of enhanced recovery after surgery programs and traditional care in patients undergoing open or laparoscopic surgery and to assess the optimized items for hepatectomy. METHODS: We searched the PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library databases for all the relevant studies regardless of study design...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099464/laparoscopically-assisted-anorectal-pull-through-versus-posterior-sagittal-anorectoplasty-for-high-and-intermediate-anorectal-malformations-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Yijiang Han, Zhaobo Xia, Shikun Guo, Xiangbo Yu, Zhongrong Li
OBJECTIVE: Anorectal malformations (ARMs) are one of the commonest anomalies in neonates. Both laparoscopically assisted anorectal pull-through (LAARP) and posterior sagittal anorectoplasty (PSARP) can be used for the treatment of ARMs. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to compare these two approaches in terms of intraoperative and postoperative outcomes. METHODS: MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library were searched from 2000 to August 2016...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072796/incidence-of-spontaneous-resorption-of-lumbar-disc-herniation-a-meta-analysis
#4
Ming Zhong, Jin-Tao Liu, Hong Jiang, Wen Mo, Peng-Fei Yu, Xiao-Chun Li, Rui Rui Xue
BACKGROUND: Lumbar disc herniation (LDH), a common disease, is often treated conservatively, frequently resulting in spontaneous resorption of the herniated disc. The incidence of this phenomenon, however, remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the incidence of spontaneous resorption after conservative treatment of LDH using computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. STUDY DESIGN: Meta-analysis and systematic review of cohort studies...
January 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070870/defining-the-risk-and-associated-morbidity-and-mortality-of-severe-respiratory-syncytial-virus-infection-among-infants-with-congenital-heart-disease
#5
REVIEW
Paul A Checchia, Bosco Paes, Louis Bont, Paolo Manzoni, Eric A F Simões, Brigitte Fauroux, Josep Figueras-Aloy, Xavier Carbonell-Estrany
INTRODUCTION: The REGAL (RSV Evidence-a Geographical Archive of the Literature) series provide a comprehensive review of the published evidence in the field of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) in Western countries over the last 20 years. This fourth publication covers the risk and burden of RSV infection in infants with congenital heart disease (CHD). METHODS: A systematic review was undertaken for articles published between January 1, 1995 and December 31, 2015 across PubMed, Embase, The Cochrane Library, and Clinicaltrials...
January 9, 2017: Infectious Diseases and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068415/same-day-discharge-versus-overnight-stay-in-the-hospital-following-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-patients-with-stable-coronary-artery-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#6
Pravesh Kumar Bundhun, Mohammad Zafooruddin Sani Soogund, Wei-Qiang Huang
BACKGROUND: New research in interventional cardiology has shown the demand for percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) to have increased tremendously. Effective treatment with a lower hospital cost has been the aim of several PCI capable centers. This study aimed to compare the adverse clinical outcomes associated with same day discharge versus overnight stay in the hospital following PCI in a population of randomized patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: The National Library of Medicine (MEDLINE/PubMed), the Cochrane Registry of Randomized Controlled Trials and EMBASE databases were searched (from March to June 2016) for randomized trials comparing same-day discharge versus overnight stay in the hospital following PCI...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068364/meta-analysis-of-stenting-versus-non-stenting-for-the-treatment-of-ureteral-stones
#7
Hai Wang, Libo Man, Guizhong Li, Guanglin Huang, Ning Liu, Jianwei Wang
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Ureteroscopic lithotripsy (URL) and extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) are two widely used methods for the treatment of ureteral stones. The need for ureteral stenting during these procedures is controversial. In this meta-analysis, we evaluated the benefits and disadvantages of ureteral stents for the treatment of ureteral stones. METHODS: Databases including PubMed, Embase and Cochrane library were selected for systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing outcomes with or without stenting during URL and ESWL...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067544/restrictive-versus-liberal-blood-transfusion-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease-a-meta-analysis
#8
Yushu Wang, Xiuli Shi, Meiqin Wen, Yucheng Chen, Qing Zhang
OBJECTIVES: To compare clinical outcomes between restrictive versus liberal blood transfusion strategies in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A literature search from January 1966 to May 2016 was performed in Pubmed, EMBASE and Cochrane Library to find trials evaluating a restrictive hemoglobin transfusion trigger of ≤8 g/dL, compared with a more liberal trigger. Two study authors independently extracted data from the trials...
January 9, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067472/efficacy-of-basal-bolus-insulin-regimens-in-the-inpatient-management-of-non-critically-ill-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Merete B Christensen, Anders Gotfredsen, Kirsten Nørgaard
BACKGROUND: Hyperglycemia during hospitalization is associated with increased rates of complications and longer hospital stays. Various insulin regimens are used in the inpatient diabetes management of non-critically ill patients. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of basal-bolus insulin therapy (BBI) by summarizing evidence from studies of BBI versus sliding scale insulin therapy (SSI) in the management of hospitalized non-critically ill type 2 diabetes patients. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Scopus and the Cochrane Library for studies comparing BBI therapy with SSI therapy in hospitalized non-critically ill patients with type 2 diabetes...
January 9, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063462/going-digital-a-narrative-overview-of-the-clinical-and-organisational-impacts-of-ehealth-technologies-in-hospital-practice
#10
Justin Keasberry, Ian A Scott, Clair Sullivan, Andrew Staib, Richard Ashby
Objective The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of hospital-based eHealth technologies on quality, safety and efficiency of care and clinical outcomes.Methods Systematic reviews and reviews of systematic reviews of eHealth technologies published in PubMed/Medline/Cochrane Library between January 2010 and October 2015 were evaluated. Reviews of implementation issues, non-hospital settings or remote care or patient-focused technologies were excluded from analysis. Methodological quality was assessed using a validated appraisal tool...
January 9, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062347/cognitive-interview-based-validation-of-the-patient-reported-outcomes-version-of-the-common-terminology-criteria-for-adverse-events-pro-ctcae-in-adolescents-with-cancer
#11
Bryce B Reeve, Molly McFatrich, Laura C Pinheiro, David R Freyer, Ethan M Basch, Justin N Baker, Janice S Withycombe, Lillian Sung, Jennifer W Mack, Mia K Waldron, Catriona Mowbray, Diana Palma, Pamela S Hinds
CONTEXT: The National Cancer Institute created the Patient-Reported Outcomes version of the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (PRO-CTCAE) to allow direct input on symptomatic AEs from adult patients in oncology trials. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the youngest age to complete the PRO-CTCAE, evaluated comprehension of PRO-CTCAE among adolescents, tested new items not currently in PRO-CTCAE, and tested a parent-proxy version. METHODS: From 7 pediatric cancer hospitals, 51 adolescents (13-20 years) receiving cancer treatment participated, along with 40 parent-proxies...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052810/clinical-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-surgical-options-for-the-management-of-anterior-and-or-posterior-vaginal-wall-prolapse-two-randomised-controlled-trials-within-a-comprehensive-cohort-study-results-from-the-prospect-study
#12
Cathryn Glazener, Suzanne Breeman, Andrew Elders, Christine Hemming, Kevin Cooper, Robert Freeman, Anthony Smith, Suzanne Hagen, Isobel Montgomery, Mary Kilonzo, Dwayne Boyers, Alison McDonald, Gladys McPherson, Graeme MacLennan, John Norrie
BACKGROUND: The use of mesh in prolapse surgery is controversial, leading to a number of enquiries into its safety and efficacy. OBJECTIVE: To compare synthetic non-absorbable mesh inlay, biological graft and mesh kit with a standard repair in terms of clinical effectiveness, adverse effects, quality of life (QoL), costs and cost-effectiveness. DESIGN: Two randomised controlled trials within a comprehensive cohort (CC) study. Allocation was by a remote web-based randomisation system in a 1 :1 : 1 ratio (Primary trial) or 1 : 1 : 2 ratio (Secondary trial), and was minimised on age, type of prolapse repair planned, need for a concomitant continence procedure, need for a concomitant upper vaginal prolapse procedure and surgeon...
December 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049257/nasoenteric-tube-versus-jejunostomy-for-enteral-nutrition-feeding-following-major-upper-gastrointestinal-operations-a-meta-analysis
#13
Lidong Wang, Zhong Tian, Yuan Liu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Following major upper gastrointestinal surgical procedures, early enteral nutrition to the jejunum is strongly recommended, either through a nasoenteric tube or a percutaneous transperitoneal jejunal feeding tube (jejunostomy). However, to date there has been no consensus as to the best enteral feeding strategy. Our aim was to determine the safest and most efficacious early enteral nutrition supplement strategy following major upper gastrointestinal operations...
January 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046761/mo-g-201-01-a-multi-institutional-study-investigating-the-performance-of-a-knowledge-based-planning-system-against-pinnacle-auto-planning-engine-in-sib-imrt-for-the-head-and-neck-cancer
#14
B Wu, M Kusters, M Kunze-Busch, T Dijkema, T McNutt, G Sanguineti, D Pang
PURPOSE: Knowledge-based Planning (KBP) founded on prior planning experience and Auto-Planning Engine (APE; commercialized in Pinnacle v9.10 TPS) based on progressive optimization algorithm both aim to eliminate the trial-and-error process in radiotherapy inverse planning. This study investigates the performance of the approaches in a multi-institutional setting to evaluate their functionalities in oropharyngeal cancer and offers suggestions how they can be implemented in the clinic. METHODS: Radboud University Medical Center (RUMC) provided 35 oropharyngeal cancer patients (SIB-IMRT with two-dose-level prescription: 68 Gy to PTV68 and 50...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043580/application-of-highly-portable-minion-nanopore-sequencing-technology-for-the-monitoring-of-nosocomial-tuberculosis-infection
#15
Matthew Bates, Pascal Polepole, Nathan Kapata, Matt Loose, Justin O'Grady
Referral hospitals in sub-Saharan Africa concentrate large numbers of tuberculosis (TB) and multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) patients, failed by community TB services. We have previously shown, from enhanced screening and through autopsy studies, a significant burden of missed TB infections at the University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka, Zambia, with many patients dying or being discharged without treatment. With minimal TB isolation facilities and minimal political will to invest in broader screening and isolation, the risk of nosocomial transmission is likely to be extremely high...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043551/the-prevalence-of-tuberculosis-among-iranian-elderly-patients-admitted-to-the-infectious-ward-of-hospital-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
M Azami, K Sayehmiri, M H YektaKooshali, M R HafeziAhmadi
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Age increasing is caused physiological changes in the human body, such as reducing the power of the immune system. Weakened immune systems are more susceptible to bacterial infections like tuberculosis. So, this present study was performed for evaluating the prevalence of tuberculosis among Iranian elderly patients admitted to the infectious ward of a hospital. METHODS: This systematic review and meta-analysis study has been done based on PRISMA guidelines...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040415/effectiveness-of-psychological-interventions-on-depression-in-patients-after-breast-cancer-surgery-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#17
REVIEW
Feng Xiao, Xue Song, Qianjun Chen, Yan Dai, Rui Xu, Chang Qiu, Qianqian Guo
The present study assessed the effectiveness of individually delivered cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) interventions in improving depression in patients with breast cancer. A systematic search of Medline (Ovid), PubMed, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure database, WANFANG, and the VIP database. Quality assessment of included studies was conducted by 2 reviewers independently using the Jadad scale. The pooled effect of the mean difference in the baseline and post-treatment depressive scores was analyzed using different outcome measuring instruments (Self-rating Depression Scale, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and Hamilton Depression Rating Scale) separately...
November 23, 2016: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039645/totally-laparoscopic-or-robot-assisted-pancreaticoduodenectomy-versus-open-surgery-for-periampullary-neoplasms-separate-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analyses
#18
Sang Hyun Shin, Ye-Jee Kim, Ki Byung Song, Seong-Ryong Kim, Dae Wook Hwang, Jae Hoon Lee, Kwang-Min Park, Young-Joo Lee, Eunsung Jun, Song Cheol Kim
OBJECTIVE: To compare perioperative and oncologic outcomes of pure (totally) laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (TLPD) or robot-assisted pancreaticoduodenectomy (RAPD) with those of conventional open pancreaticoduodenectomy (OPD). METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed using PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane library databases. Studies comparing TLPD with OPD and RAPD with OPD were included; only original studies reporting more than 10 cases for each technique were included...
December 30, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038493/electrotherapy-in-the-treatment-of-patients-affected-by-rabies-experiments-conducted-at-the-maggiore-hospital-of-milan-in-1865
#19
Silvia Marinozzi, Matteo Gulino, Valentina Gazzaniga
During the nineteenth century, the scientific context of rabies treatment was weak due to the lack of the literature on specific nosology of the rabies disease, and unspecific and ineffective therapy approaches. Electrotherapy already represented an important therapeutic approach for nervous system diseases, although not specifically for rabies. In the present paper, the authors discuss the use of electrotherapy in the treatment of humans affected by rabies in an experimental study conducted at the Maggiore Hospital of Milan, with the aim of establishing the discovery of a possible specific therapy...
December 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038460/the-comprehensive-therapeutic-effects-of-rectal-surgery-are-better-in-laparoscopy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Jiabin Zheng, Xingyu Feng, Zifeng Yang, Weixian Hu, Yuwen Luo, Yong Li
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic-assisted radical resection of rectal cancer was reported as advantageous compared to laparotomy resection. However, this finding remains controversial, especially given the two recent randomized controlled trials published on The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA). OBJECTIVE: To perform a meta-analysis that compares the short-term and long-term outcomes of laparoscopic and open surgery for rectal cancer. DATA SOURCE: To identify clinical trials comparing laparoscopic and open surgery for rectal cancer published by August 2016, we searched the PubMed, Cochrane Library, Springer Link and Clinicaltrials...
December 26, 2016: Oncotarget
keyword
keyword
22232
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"