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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211317/primary-human-cytomegalovirus-hcmv-infection-in-pregnancy
#1
Horst Buxmann, Klaus Hamprecht, Matthias Meyer-Wittkopf, Klaus Friese
BACKGROUND: In 0.5-4% of pregnancies, the prospective mother sustains a primary infection with human cytomegalovirus (HCMV). An HCMV infection of the fetus in the first or second trimester can cause complex post-encephalitic impairment of the infant brain, leading to motor and mental retardation, cerebral palsy, epilepsy, retinal defects, and progressive hearing loss. METHODS: This review is based on pertinent publications from January 2000 to October 2016 that were retrieved by a selective search in PubMed employing the terms "cytomegalovirus and pregnancy" and "congenital cytomegalovirus...
January 27, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210028/a-preliminary-study-of-the-measurement-of-overload-applied-to-the-foot-support-of-a-wheelchair-and-a-seated-postural-support-device
#2
Satoshi Shirogane, Takashi Handa, Yoshihiko Kozai, Yusuke Maeda
[Purpose] The mechanical strength of wheelchair and seating products is specified by standards to ensure user safety. However, some individual users are affected by severe spasticity resulting from cerebral palsy that occasionally breaks such devices. Until recently, reports of quantitative measurement of these mechanical overloads have been scarce, and the exact loads applied have been unknown. This study aimed to conduct a sampling survey prior to conducting a future full-scale study. [Subjects and Methods] Using two force plates, we measured the load on the foot support applied by three participants with cerebral palsy...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209769/seizures-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-and-white-matter-injury
#3
Monica S Cooper, Mark T Mackay, Michael Fahey, Dinah Reddihough, Susan M Reid, Katrina Williams, A Simon Harvey
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to describe the prevalence, syndromes, and evolution of seizure disorders in children with cerebral palsy (CP) due to white matter injury (WMI). METHODS: For this population-based cohort study, brain MRI scans and medical records were reviewed in children in the Victorian Cerebral Palsy Register born between 1999 and 2006 recorded as having WMI. Children were excluded if they had features of an undiagnosed syndrome, associated cortical malformation or injury, or no medical contact in the preceding year...
February 16, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208966/study-of-parental-perceptions-on-health-social-needs-of-children-with-neuro-developmental-disability-and-it-s-impact-on-the-family
#4
Nusrat Jahan Rafique Ansari, Ramchandra Keshav Dhongade, Preeti Sagar Lad, Ashwin Borade, Suvarna Yg, Vishal Yadav, Ashwini Mehetre, Rahul Kulkarni
INTRODUCTION: The term Neuro Developmental Disorder (NDD) is used for conditions caused by a dysfunction in any part of the brain or nervous system, resulting in physical and/or psychological symptoms as a child develops. Family of children with NDD face many problems. It is very important to find them and create awareness so that gaps in essential services and supports can be decreased. AIM: To explore parental perceptions on health & social needs of children with NDD, to understand the impact of disability on the families having children with disability, and to find out the parental perceptions on availability of services for children with NDD and its utilization by families...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204774/effect-of-biomechanical-constraints-on-neural-control-of-head-stability-in-children-with-moderate-to-severe-cerebral-palsy
#5
Carolina Souza Neves da Costa, Sandra L Saavedra, Nelci Adriana Cicuto Ferreira Rocha, Marjorie H Woollacott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 6, 2016: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202036/kinesthetic-deficits-after-perinatal-stroke-robotic-measurement-in-hemiparetic-children
#6
Andrea M Kuczynski, Jennifer A Semrau, Adam Kirton, Sean P Dukelow
BACKGROUND: While sensory dysfunction is common in children with hemiparetic cerebral palsy (CP) secondary to perinatal stroke, it is an understudied contributor to disability with limited objective measurement tools. Robotic technology offers the potential to objectively measure complex sensorimotor function but has been understudied in perinatal stroke. The present study aimed to quantify kinesthetic deficits in hemiparetic children with perinatal stroke and determine their association with clinical function...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197774/popliteal-block-for-lower-limb-surgery-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-effect-on-sevoflurane-consumption-and-postoperative-pain-a-randomized-double-blinded-controlled-trial
#7
Derya Ozkan, Emel Gonen, Taylan Akkaya, Mesut Bakir
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a preoperative popliteal block on sevoflurane consumption, postoperative pain, and analgesic consumption in children with cerebral palsy (CP) following lower limb surgery. METHODS: Fifty-four patients undergoing lower limb surgery were randomized to receive either a popliteal block + general anaesthesia (group P, n = 27) or general anaesthesia without a popliteal block (group C, n = 27). After anesthesia induction with 50% N2O, O2, and 8% sevoflurane, a popliteal block was given to group P patients with ultrasound guidance as a single dose of 0...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197298/swan-neck-deformity-in-cerebral-palsy
#8
Leyu Chiu, Nicholas S Adams, Paul A Luce
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Eplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191626/intermittent-auscultation-ia-of-fetal-heart-rate-in-labour-for-fetal-well-being
#9
REVIEW
Ruth Martis, Ova Emilia, Detty S Nurdiati, Julie Brown
BACKGROUND: The goal of fetal monitoring in labour is the early detection of a hypoxic baby. There are a variety of tools and methods available for intermittent auscultation (IA) of the fetal heart rate (FHR). Low- and middle-income countries usually have only access to a Pinard/Laënnec or the use of a hand-held Doppler device. Currently, there is no robust evidence to guide clinical practice on the most effective IA tool to use, timing intervals and length of listening to the fetal heart for women during established labour...
February 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188024/robotic-assisted-gait-training-improves-walking-abilities-in-diplegic-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#10
L Wallard, G Dietrich, Y Kerlirzin, J Bredin
The robotic-assisted gait training therapy (RAGT), based on intensity and repetition of movement, presents beneficial effects on recovery and improvement of postural and locomotor functions of the patient. This study sought to highlight the effect of this RAGT on the dynamic equilibrium control during walking in children with Cerebral Palsy (CP) by analyzing the different postural strategies of the fullbody (upper/lower body) before and after this RAGT in order to generate forward motion while maintaining balance...
February 2, 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187822/editorial-commentary-on-toolbox-of-multi-item-measures-aligning-with-icf-core-sets-for-children-and-youth-with-cerebral-palsy
#11
EDITORIAL
Charlie Fairhurst
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187693/parents-experiences-of-participation-in-physical-activities-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy-protecting-and-pushing-towards-independence
#12
Katarina Lauruschkus, Eva Nordmark, Inger Hallström
PURPOSE: To explore how parents of children with cerebral palsy (CP) experience their child's participation in physical activities and to identify facilitators and barriers for being physically active and reducing sedentary behaviour. METHODS: Twenty-five parents of sixteen children, aged 8-11 years old with CP, with varying gross motor, cognitive and communicative functions and with different cultural backgrounds, participated in focus group or individual interviews...
April 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187305/improvement-of-upper-trunk-posture-during-walking-in-hemiplegic-patients-after-injections-of-botulinum-toxin-into-the-arm
#13
Harald Hefter, Dietmar Rosenthal
BACKGROUND: It has been hypothesized that altered trunk movements during gait in post-stroke patients or children with cerebral palsy are compensatory to lower limb impairment. Improvement of trunk movements and posture after injections of botulinum toxin into the affected arm would be at variance with this hypothesis and hint towards a multifactorial trunk control deficit. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Clinical gait analysis was performed in 11 consecutively recruited hemiplegic patients immediately before and 4weeks after a botulinum toxin type A-injection into the affected arm...
January 26, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186476/risk-factors-for-surgical-site-infection-following-nonshunt-pediatric-neurosurgery-a-review-of-9296-procedures-from-a-national-database-and-comparison-with-a-single-center-experience
#14
Brandon A Sherrod, Anastasia A Arynchyna, James M Johnston, Curtis J Rozzelle, Jeffrey P Blount, W Jerry Oakes, Brandon G Rocque
OBJECTIVE Surgical site infection (SSI) following CSF shunt operations has been well studied, yet risk factors for nonshunt pediatric neurosurgery are less well understood. The purpose of this study was to determine SSI rates and risk factors following nonshunt pediatric neurosurgery using a nationwide patient cohort and an institutional data set specifically for better understanding SSI. METHODS The authors reviewed the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program-Pediatric (ACS NSQIP-P) database for the years 2012-2014, including all neurosurgical procedures performed on pediatric patients except CSF shunts and hematoma evacuations...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178772/training-effects-of-wheelchair-dance-on-aerobic-fitness-in-bedridden-individuals-with-severe-athetospastic-cerebral-palsy-rated-to-gmfcs-level-v
#15
Kyoko Terada, Ayako Satonaka, Yasuto Terada, Nobuharu Suzuki
BACKGROUND: There were few studies about training effects of wheelchair dance on aerobic fitness in the bedridden individuals with severe cerebral palsy for whom the traditional maximal or submaximal exercise tests were not applicable. As the oxygen pulse (O2P), the oxygen uptake divided by the heart rate, is regarded to be a relative measure of stroke volume and the O2P correlates to peak oxygen uptake, we would be able to assess the training effects of wheelchair dance on aerobic fitness in those individuals measuring O2P...
February 8, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177174/a-case-controlled-comparison-of-postoperative-analgesic-dosing-between-girls-with-rett-syndrome-and-girls-with-and-without-developmental-disability-undergoing-spinal-fusion-surgery
#16
Chantel C Barney, Alyssa M Merbler, Kelsey Quest, Breanne J Byiers, George L Wilcox, Scott Schwantes, Samuel A Roiko, Timothy Feyma, Arthur Beisang, Frank J Symons
BACKGROUND: Rett syndrome is associated with severe motor and communicative impairment making optimal postoperative pain management a challenge. There are case reports documenting reduced postoperative analgesic requirement in Rett syndrome. AIM: The goal of this preliminary investigation was to compare postoperative analgesic management among a sample of girls with Rett syndrome compared to girls with and without developmental disability undergoing spinal fusion surgery...
February 8, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176425/sensory-tractography-and-robot-quantified-proprioception-in-hemiparetic-children-with-perinatal-stroke
#17
Andrea M Kuczynski, Helen L Carlson, Catherine Lebel, Jacquie A Hodge, Sean P Dukelow, Jennifer A Semrau, Adam Kirton
Perinatal stroke causes most hemiparetic cerebral palsy, resulting in lifelong disability. We have demonstrated the ability of robots to quantify sensory dysfunction in hemiparetic children but the relationship between such deficits and sensory tract structural connectivity has not been explored. It was aimed to characterize the relationship between the dorsal column medial lemniscus (DCML) pathway connectivity and proprioceptive dysfunction in children with perinatal stroke. Twenty-nine participants (6-19 years old) with MRI-classified, unilateral perinatal ischemic stroke (14 arterial, 15 venous), and upper extremity deficits were recruited from a population-based cohort and compared with 21 healthy controls...
February 8, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176012/implicit-learning-of-a-finger-motor-sequence-by-patients-with-cerebral-palsy-after-neurofeedback
#18
Ana Alves-Pinto, Varvara Turova, Tobias Blumenstein, Conny Hantuschke, Renée Lampe
Facilitation of implicit learning of a hand motor sequence after a single session of neurofeedback training of alpha power recorded from the motor cortex has been shown in healthy individuals (Ros et al., Biological Psychology 95:54-58, 2014). This facilitation effect could be potentially applied to improve the outcome of rehabilitation in patients with impaired hand motor function. In the current study a group of ten patients diagnosed with cerebral palsy trained reduction of alpha power derived from brain activity recorded from right and left motor areas...
February 7, 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174481/what-do-the-relationships-between-functional-classification-systems-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy-tell-us
#19
Akmer Mutlu, Pelin Pistav-Akmese, Bilge Nur Yardımcı, Tuncay Ogretmen
[Purpose] To examine the distribution of and relationship between the Gross Motor Function, Manual Ability, and Communication Function Classification Systems in different limbs of children with spastic cerebral palsy. We also investigated whether the four predicting variables of gender, age, manual ability, and gross motor classifications could significantly predict effective and non-effective communicator groups in communication function. [Subjects and Methods] This retrospective cross-sectional study included 327 children with a mean age of 10...
December 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174467/comparison-of-the-psychometric-properties-of-two-balance-scales-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#20
Yong-Jin Jeon, Gyoung-Mo Kim
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to compare the item difficulty degree between the Pediatric Balance Scale and Fullerton Advanced Balance scale for children with cerebral palsy. [Subjects and Methods] Forty children with cerebral palsy (male=17, female=23) voluntarily participated in the study. Item difficulty was expressed in the Rasch analysis using a logit value, with a higher value indicative of increasing item difficulty. [Results] Among the 24 items of the combined Pediatric Balance Scale and Fullerton Advanced Balance scale, the most difficult item was "Walk with head turns", whereas, the easiest item was "Sitting with back unsupported and feet supported on the floor"...
December 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
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