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"Cerebral Palsy"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738221/self-efficacy-of-physical-education-teachers-in-including-students-with-cerebral-palsy-in-their-classes
#1
Yeshayahu Hutzler, Sharon Barak
Children with cerebral palsy (CP) are often mainstreamed into the general education system, but are likely to be excluded from physical education (PE) classes. A questionnaire was constructed and utilized to measure PE teachers' self-efficacy (SE) toward inclusion of students with CP in each of three mobility categories (independent, using assistive devices, using wheelchair mobility) and the impact of experience and training on teachers' SE. Participants in the study were 121 PE teachers from different parts of Israel (mean age: 41...
July 21, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737626/perinatal-chikungunya-virus-associated-encephalitis-leading-to-postnatal-onset-microcephaly-and-optic-atrophy
#2
Regina Ramos, Rafaela Viana, Alessandra Brainer-Lima, Telma Florêncio, Maria Durce Carvalho, Vanessa van Der Linden, Antonio Amorim, Maria Ângela Rocha, Fabíola Medeiros
Chikungunya virus is capable of affecting the nervous system of children and adults. We describe a case of sepsis and encephalitis triggered by this agent in a newborn whose mother developed symptoms of acute infection two days before delivery. Consequently, the infant had severe encephalitis that evolved with postnatal-onset microcephaly, bilateral optic atrophy, epilepsy and cerebral palsy.
July 21, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737004/parent-child-interactions-and-children-with-cerebral-palsy-an-exploratory-study-investigating-emotional-availability-functional-ability-and-parent-distress
#3
J Barfoot, P Meredith, J Ziviani, K Whittingham
BACKGROUND: Emotionally available parent-child relationships are supportive of child health and development. When a child has cerebral palsy, a range of child and parent factors can potentially impact the parent-child relationship; however, little research has specifically addressed this question. The aim of this study is to investigate links between parent-child emotional availability and both child functional abilities and parent distress in a sample of parents and children with cerebral palsy...
July 23, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736326/tone-inhibiting-insoles-enhance-the-reciprocal-inhibition-of-ankle-plantarflexors-of-post-stroke-hemiparetic-subjects-an-electromyographic-study
#4
Nobushige Takahashi, Hidetoshi Takahashi, Osamu Takahashi, Ryosuke Ushijima, Rie Umebayashi, Junji Nishikawa, Yasutomo Okajima
BACKGROUND: Spasticity is a common sequela of upper motor neuron pathology, such as cerebrovascular diseases and cerebral palsy. Intervention for spasticity of the ankle plantarflexors in physical therapy may include tone-inhibiting casting and/or orthoses for the ankle and foot. However, the physiological mechanism of tone reduction by such orthoses remains unclarified. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the electrophysiologic effects of tone-inhibiting insoles in stroke subjects with hemiparesis by measuring changes in reciprocal Ia inhibition (RI) in the ankle plantarflexor...
July 20, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735668/ovine-toxoplasmosis-a-new-look-at-its-pathogenesis
#5
J Benavides, M Fernández, P Castaño, M C Ferreras, L Ortega-Mora, V Pérez
Conditions causing reproductive failure are a significant concern in the livestock industry, and amongst these, ovine toxoplasmosis is one of the most important. Despite decades of research, there remain gaps in knowledge about this disease, especially regarding the pathogenesis of abortion in sheep. As for other diseases causing ovine abortion, such as chlamydial abortion or border disease, the consequences of infection with Toxoplasma gondii depend largely on the stage of gestation, but the mechanisms involved are not well understood...
July 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735429/history-of-club-foot-treatment-part-ii-tenotomy-in-the-nineteenth-century
#6
REVIEW
Philippe Hernigou, Nicolas Gravina, Damien Potage, Arnaud Dubory
Clubfoot is one of the most common congenital orthopaedic anomalies and was described by Hippocrates in the year 400 BC. From manipulation in antiquity to splint and plaster in the Renaissance the treatment had improved before tenotomy. Tenotomy was tested during the 19th century and will be explained in this manuscript; the introduction of subcutaneous tenotomy of the Achilles tendon had focused the attention of surgeons on the surgical treatment of clubfeet. While this operation was very successful in the correction of equinus deformities due to poliomyelitis, cerebral palsy, and old injuries, it was not a panacea for the patient with the congenital clubfoot...
July 22, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735268/early-surgery-and-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-of-children-born-extremely-preterm
#7
Rodney W Hunt, Leah M Hickey, Alice C Burnett, Peter J Anderson, Jeanie Ling Yoong Cheong, Lex W Doyle, Rodney W Hunt
OBJECTIVES: To (1) compare the neurodevelopmental outcomes at 8 years of age of children born extremely preterm (EP) who underwent surgical procedures during the course of their initial hospital admission with those who did not and (2) compare the outcomes across eras, from 1991 to 2005. DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort studies conducted over three different eras (1991-1992, 1997 and 2005). Surviving EP children, who required surgical intervention during the primary hospitalisation, were assessed for general intelligence (IQ) and neurosensory status at 8 years of age...
July 22, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735160/longitudinal-assessment-of-gait-quality-in-children-with-bilateral-cerebral-palsy-following-repeated-lower-limb-intramuscular-botulinum-toxin-a-injections
#8
Felicity A Read, Roslyn N Boyd, Lee A Barber
BACKGROUND: Serial lower limb intramuscular Botulinum toxin-A (BoNT-A) injections are administered to children with bilateral spastic cerebral palsy (BCP) to reduce spasticity, improve walking and functional mobility, and delay the need for orthopaedic surgery. Gait quality is clinically assessed following BoNT-A with 2D video gait assessments (2DVGA) using the Edinburgh Visual Gait Score (EVGS). AIM: To determine the effect of three consecutive treatment cycles of lower limb intramuscular BoNT-A injections on gait quality using the EVGS in children with BCP by retrospectively reviewing repeated 2DVGA measures...
July 20, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735158/the-criterion-validity-and-intra-rater-reliability-of-the-japanese-version-of-the-functional-mobility-scale-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#9
Nobuaki Himuro, Hisato Nishibu, Hirokazu Abe, Mitsuru Mori
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to develop a Japanese version of the Functional Mobility Scale (FMS), and examine the criterion validity and intra-rater reliability of the FMS in Japan. METHODS: The translation of the FMS was performed according to international standards for the translation of measurements. For criterion validity, 111 children with cerebral palsy (mean age; 12year 1mo±3year 7mo; range 5-18) were rated the Japanese version of the FMS and Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS)...
July 20, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735102/intra-operatively-measured-spastic-semimembranosus-forces-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#10
Can A Yucesoy, Yener Temelli, Filiz Ateş
The knee kept forcibly in a flexed position is typical in cerebral palsy. Using a benchmark, we investigate intra-operatively if peak spastic hamstring force is measured in flexed knee positions. This tests the assumed shift of optimal length due to adaptation of spastic muscle and a decreasing force trend towards extension. Previously we measured spastic gracilis (GRA) and semitendinosus (ST) forces. Presently, we studied spastic semimembranosus (SM) and tested the following hypotheses: spastic SM forces are (1) high in flexed and (2) low in extended positions...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734543/crouch-severity-is-a-poor-predictor-of-elevated-oxygen-consumption-in-cerebral-palsy
#11
Katherine M Steele, Benjamin R Shuman, Michael H Schwartz
Children with cerebral palsy (CP) expend more energy to walk compared to typically-developing peers. One of the most prevalent gait patterns among children with CP, crouch gait, is often singled out as especially exhausting. The dynamics of crouch gait increase external flexion moments and the demand on extensor muscles. This elevated demand is thought to dramatically increase energy expenditure. However, the impact of crouch severity on energy expenditure has not been investigated among children with CP. We evaluated oxygen consumption and gait kinematics for 573 children with bilateral CP...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731515/analysis-of-structure-function-network-decoupling-in-the-brain-systems-of-spastic-diplegic-cerebral-palsy
#12
Dongha Lee, Chongwon Pae, Jong Doo Lee, Eun Sook Park, Sung-Rae Cho, Min-Hee Um, Seung-Koo Lee, Maeng-Keun Oh, Hae-Jeong Park
Manifestation of the functionalities from the structural brain network is becoming increasingly important to understand a brain disease. With the aim of investigating the differential structure-function couplings according to network systems, we investigated the structural and functional brain networks of patients with spastic diplegic cerebral palsy with periventricular leukomalacia compared to healthy controls. The structural and functional networks of the whole brain and motor system, constructed using deterministic and probabilistic tractography of diffusion tensor magnetic resonance images and Pearson and partial correlation analyses of resting-state functional magnetic resonance images, showed differential embedding of functional networks in the structural networks in patients...
July 21, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730065/exploring-structural-violence-in-the-context-of-disability-and-poverty-in-zimbabwe
#13
Jennifer T Muderedzi, Arne H Eide, Stine H Braathen, Babill Stray-Pedersen
BACKGROUND: While it is widely assumed that disability, poverty and health are closely linked, research falls short of fully understanding the link. One approach to analysing the links between disability and poverty is through the concept of structural violence, referring to social structures that contribute to the impoverishment of individuals or communities. These structures can be political, ecological, legal and economic, among others. OBJECTIVE: To explore structural violence and how it affects families of children with cerebral palsy among the Tonga ethnic group living in poor rural communities of Binga in Zimbabwe...
2017: Afr J Disabil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729059/ultrasonographic-assessment-of-femoral-cartilage-thickness-in-patients-with-cerebral-palsy
#14
Emre Adigüzel, Fatih Tok, Emre Ata, Evren Yaşar, Bilge Yilmaz
BACKGROUND: Cerebral palsy (CP) is one of the most disabling syndromes of children. To our knowledge, there has not yet been any reported evaluation of the effect of CP on distal femoral cartilage by ultrasonography. The value of understanding this effect on cartilage is that sonographic evaluation of cartilage thickness may help physician to predict the joint health of these children. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether femoral cartilage thickness in patients with CP is different from that of healthy control subjects...
July 17, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728959/mechanisms-contributing-to-gait-speed-and-metabolic-cost-in-children-with-unilateral-cerebral-palsy
#15
Tatiana Pessoa Silva Pinto, Sérgio Teixeira Fonseca, Rejane Vale Gonçalves, Thales Rezende Souza, Daniela Virgínia Vaz, Paula Lanna Pereira Silva, Marisa Cotta Mancini
BACKGROUND: Gait speed and metabolic cost are indicators of functional capacity in children with cerebral palsy. Uncovering their mechanisms helps guide therapeutic actions. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the contributions of energy-generating and energy-conserving mechanisms to gait speed and metabolic cost of children with unilateral cerebral palsy. METHODS: Data on eccentric and concentric muscle work, co-contraction, elastic torque and vertical stiffness of the affected-limb, forcing torque of the non-affected limb, gait speed and metabolic cost were collected from 14 children with unilateral cerebral palsy, aged 6-12 years...
July 5, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728014/the-structured-observation-of-motor-performance-in-infants-can-detect-cerebral-palsy-early-in-neonatal-intensive-care-recipients
#16
Cecilia Montgomery, Kine Johansen, Steven Lucas, Bo Strömberg, Kristina Persson
BACKGROUND: The detection of motor problems in infancy requires a detailed assessment method that measures both the infants' level of motor development and movement quality. AIMS: To evaluate the ability of the Structured Observation of Motor Performance in Infants (SOMP-I) to detect cerebral palsy (CP) in neonatal intensive care recipients. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study analyzed retrospectively. SUBJECTS: 212 (girls: 96) neonatal intensive care recipients (mean gestational age 34weeks, range: 23-43)...
July 17, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726663/-peculiarities-of-community-acquired-pneumonia-in-children-with-neurological-pathology
#17
O Zubarenko, G Kopiyka, T Kravchenko, L Koval, K Gurienko
Neurological disorders in children highly affect the course of pneumonia, its outcome and the development of possible complications. The aim of the study was to reveal clinical and paraclinical features of community-acquired pneumonia in younger children with neurologic pathology infantile cerebral palsy. Under observation were 37 children with community-acquired pneumonia aged 1 to 3 years that suffered from spastic forms of infantile cerebral palsy. The comparison group consisted of 30 children with community-acquired pneumonia without any concomitant neurological pathology...
June 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726270/equimolar-mixture-of-nitroux-oxyde-and-oxygen-during-post-operative-physiotherapy-in-patients-with-cerebral-palsy-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#18
A Delafontaine, A Presedo, D Mohamed, D Lopes, C Wood, C Alberti
BACKGROUND: The administration of an equimolar mixture of nitrous oxide and oxygen (N2O) is recommended during painful procedures. However, the evaluation of its use during physiotherapy after surgery has not been reported, although pain may hamper physiotherapy efficiency. This study investigated whether the use of N2O improves the efficacy of post-operative physiotherapy after multilevel surgery in patients with cerebral palsy. METHOD: It was a randomized 1:1, double-blind, placebo-controlled study...
July 20, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726079/bilirubin-enzyme-biosensor-potentiality-and-recent-advances-towards-clinical-bioanalysis
#19
REVIEW
Vinita Hooda, Anjum Gahlaut, Ashish Gothwal, Vikas Hooda
Bilirubin detection plays a major role in healthcare. Its high concentration in human serum is lethal and must be determined accurately. Clinically, it is vital for assessing patients with deleterious health conditions such as jaundice or icterus, hepatitis, mental disorders, cerebral palsy and brain damage especially in the case of neonates. In evaluating the drawbacks regarding the conventional methodology of bilirubin detection, there is need for a superior analytical tool. Bilirubin oxidase (BOx)-based sensors have been designed for the ultrasensitive analysis of bilirubin and quality deliverance of treatment and this review highlights the different mechanisms of bilirubin detection using different modified electrodes...
July 19, 2017: Biotechnology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724781/muscle-disuse-caused-by-botulinum-toxin-injection-leads-to-increased-central-gain-of-the-stretch-reflex-in-the-rat
#20
Jessica Pingel, Hans Hultborn, Lui Naslund-Koch, Dennis Bo Jensen, Jacob Wienecke, Jens Bo Nielsen
Botulinum toxin (Btx) is used in children with cerebral palsy and other neurological patients to diminish spasticity and reduce the risk of development of contractures. Here, we investigated changes in the central gain of the stretch reflex circuitry in response to botulinum toxin injection in the triceps surae muscle in rats. Experiments were performed in 21 rats. 8 rats were in a control group and 13 rats were injected with 6 IU of Btx in the left triceps surae muscle. Two weeks after Btx injection larger monosynaptic reflexes (MSR) were recorded from the left (injected) than the right (non-injected) L4 + L5 ventral roots following stimulation of the corresponding dorsal roots...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
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