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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935188/characteristics-of-physical-prefrailty-among-japanese-healthy-older-adults
#1
Eiji Matsushita, Kiwako Okada, Yui Ito, Shosuke Satake, Nariaki Shiraishi, Takahisa Hirose, Masafumi Kuzuya
AIM: The purpose of the present study was to clarify the characteristics of frailty at an early stage (prefrailty) in a healthy elderly Japanese population. METHODS: The participants were 620 healthy older adults (age range 60-89 years) who were current students or graduates of a community college for older adults in Japan. All participants were evaluated using the Kihon Checklist, a tool developed to screen for frailty in Japan. The participants were categorized by the Fried criteria (lost weight, handgrip strength, walking speed, exhaustion, physical activity) into either a prefrailty (1-2 criteria) or a non-frailty (0 criterion) group...
December 9, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932700/predictors-of-enteral-tube-feeding-in-hospitalized-older-adults
#2
Milton Roberto Furst Crenitte, Thiago Junqueira Avelino-Silva, Daniel Apolinario, Jose Antonio Esper Curiati, Flavia Campora, Wilson Jacob-Filho
BACKGROUND: Despite general recognition that enteral tube feeding (ETF) is frequently employed in long-term care facilities and patients with dementia, remarkably little research has determined which factors are associated with its use in acutely ill older adults. In this study, we aimed to investigate determinants of ETF introduction in hospitalized older adults. METHODS: We examined a retrospective cohort of acutely ill patients, aged 60 years and older, admitted to a university hospital's geriatric ward from 2014-2015, in São Paulo, Brazil...
December 8, 2016: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931772/the-impact-of-depressive-symptoms-on-healthcare-costs-in-late-life-longitudinal-findings-from-the-agemoode-study
#3
Jens-Oliver Bock, André Hajek, Siegfried Weyerer, Jochen Werle, Michael Wagner, Wolfgang Maier, Anne Stark, Hanna Kaduszkiewicz, Birgitt Wiese, Lilia Moor, Janine Stein, Steffi G Riedel-Heller, Hans-Helmut König
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether depressive symptoms affect healthcare costs in old age longitudinally. DESIGN: Multicenter prospective observational cohort study (two waves with nt1 = 1,195 and nt2 = 951) in Germany. SETTING: Community. PARTICIPANTS: Participants aged 75 years and older recruited via general practitioners. MEASUREMENTS: Depressive symptoms were assessed by the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS)...
November 2, 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925292/cognitive-impairment-in-parkinson-s-disease-impact-on-quality-of-life-of-carers
#4
R A Lawson, A J Yarnall, F Johnston, G W Duncan, T K Khoo, D Collerton, J P Taylor, D J Burn
BACKGROUND: The quality of life (QoL) of informal caregivers of people with Parkinson's disease (PD) (PwP) can be affected by the caring role. Because of cognitive symptoms and diminished activities of daily living, in addition to the management of motor symptoms, carers of PwP and cognitive impairment may experience increased levels of burden and poorer QoL compared with carers of PwP without cognitive impairment. This study aimed to investigate the impact of cognitive impairment in PD upon QoL of carers...
December 7, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921991/the-role-of-depression-in-the-insomnia-of-people-with-subjective-memory-impairment-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia-in-a-community-sample-of-elderly-individuals-in-south-korea
#5
Won-Hyoung Kim, Ji-Hyun Kim, Byung-Soo Kim, Sung-Man Chang, Dong-Woo Lee, Maeng-Je Cho, Jae-Nam Bae
BACKGROUND: This study investigates the relationship between insomnia and cognitive dysfunctions including, subjective memory impairment (SMI), mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and dementia, by considering depression in a community sample of elderly individuals. METHODS: Data for 1,740 elderly individuals aged 65 years and over were obtained from a nationwide dementia epidemiological study conducted in South Korea. Cognitive functional status was assessed by the Mini-Mental State Examination and the Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Packet Clinical Assessment Battery...
December 6, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917612/fear-of-falling-and-physical-function-in-older-adults-with-cataract-exploring-the-role-of-vision-as-a-moderator
#6
Anna Palagyi, Jonathon Q Ng, Kris Rogers, Lynn Meuleners, Peter McCluskey, Andrew White, Nigel Morlet, Lisa Keay
AIM: To examine fear of falling and associated factors in a cohort of older adults with cataract, and investigate the interplay of vision and physical function with respect to fear of falling. METHODS: We analyzed baseline data from a longitudinal study of adults aged ≥65 years referred for cataract surgery. Fear of falling was assessed by the Short Falls Efficacy Scale-International. Physical function was determined by the Short Physical Performance Battery...
December 4, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916393/changes-in-frailty-status-and-risk-of-depression-results-from-the-progetto-veneto-anziani-longitudinal-study
#7
Marina De Rui, Nicola Veronese, Caterina Trevisan, Sara Carraro, Linda Berton, Stefania Maggi, Sabina Zambon, Maria Chiara Corti, Giovannella Baggio, Brendon Stubbs, Egle Perissinotto, Gaetano Crepaldi, Enzo Manzato, Giuseppe Sergi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether prefrailty was associated with the risk of developing depression and if longitudinal changes in frailty status corresponded to changes in incident depression during follow up. METHODS: A population-based, prospective cohort study was conducted for 4.4 years in two separate geographic areas near the city of Padua in the Veneto Region of Northern Italy. In 891 nondepressed, nonfrail, community-dwelling Italian subjects aged ≥ 65 (46...
November 9, 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913561/hospitals-and-patients-working-in-unity-how-r-u-protocol-for-a-prospective-feasibility-study-of-telephone-peer-support-to-improve-older-patients-quality-of-life-after-emergency-department-discharge
#8
Judy A Lowthian, Alyse Lennox, Andrea Curtis, Jeremy Dale, Colette Browning, De Villiers Smit, Gillian Wilson, Debra O'Brien, Cate Rosewarne, Lee Boyd, Cath Garner, Peter Cameron
INTRODUCTION: Older people presenting to an emergency department (ED) have a higher likelihood of social isolation, loneliness and depression; which are all associated with negative health outcomes and increased health service use, including higher rates of ED attendance. The HOW R U? study aims to ascertain the feasibility and acceptability of a postdischarge telephone support programme for older ED patients following discharge. The intervention, which aims to improve quality of life, will be delivered by hospital-based volunteers...
December 2, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910252/memory-performance-on-the-story-recall-test-and-prediction-of-cognitive-dysfunction-progression-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-alzheimer-s-dementia
#9
Jong-Hwan Park, Hyuntae Park, Sang Wuk Sohn, Sungjae Kim, Kyung Won Park
AIM: To determine the factors that influence diagnosis and differentiation of patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's dementia (AD) by comparing memory test results at baseline with those at 1-2-year follow up. METHODS: We consecutively recruited 23 healthy participants, 44 MCI patients and 27 patients with very mild AD according to the National Institute of Neurological and Communicative Diseases and Stroke/Alzheimer's Disease and Related Disorder Association criteria for probable Alzheimer's disease and Petersen's clinical diagnostic criteria...
December 1, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903242/reliability-and-construct-validity-of-the-early-dementia-questionnaire-edq
#10
Zurraini Arabi, Syed Alwi Syed Abdul Rahman, Helmy Hazmi, Nazeefah Hamdin
BACKGROUND: Early Dementia Questionnaire (EDQ) was developed as a screening tool to detect patients with early dementia in primary care. It was developed based on 20 symptoms of dementia. From a preliminary study, EDQ had been shown to be a promising alternative for screening of early dementia. This study was done to further test on EDQ's reliability and validity. METHODS: Using a systematic random sampling, 200 elderly patients attending primary health care centers in Kuching, Sarawak had consented to participate in the study and were administered the EDQ...
November 30, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901275/peripheral-nerve-blocks-for-the-treatment-of-headache-in-older-adults-a-retrospective-study
#11
Jacob R Hascalovici, Matthew S Robbins
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to provide demographical and clinical descriptions of patients age 65 years old and older who were treated with peripheral nerve blocks (PNBs) at our institution and evaluate the safety and efficacy of this treatment. BACKGROUND: Headache disorders are common, disabling chronic neurological diseases that often persist with advancing age. Geriatric headache management poses unique therapeutic challenges because of considerations of comorbidity, drug interactions, and adverse effects...
November 30, 2016: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901220/zarit-burden-interview-psychometric-indicators-applied-in-older-people-caregivers-of-other-elderly
#12
Mariana Bianchi, Leticia Decimo Flesch, Erika Valeska da Costa Alves, Samila Sathler Taveres Batistoni, Anita Liberalesso Neri
Objective: to derive psychometric indicators of construct validity and internal consistence of the Zarit Burden Interview scale for caregivers, describing associations of the scale with metrics related to care demands, coping strategies and depression in aged caregivers. Method: crosscutting descriptive and correlational study. The convenience sample was composed by a hundred and twenty one senior caregivers (Avg=70.5 ± 7.2 years, 73% women). They answered a questionnaire to check the physical and cognitive demands of care, the Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI), the California Inventory of Coping Strategies and the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15)...
November 28, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891399/effect-of-citalopram-in-combination-with-omega-3-on-depression-in-post-menopausal-women-a-triple-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Seyedeh Zahra Masoumi, Farideh Kazemi, Samira Tavakolian, Alireza Rahimi, Khodayar Oshvandi, Alireza Soltanian, Fatemeh Shobeiri
INTRODUCTION: Depressive disorder is a common and disabling disorder that causes high rates of morbidity and mortality. Citalopram is an antidepressant drug, of the Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor (SSRI) class that has been used for geriatric depression since a long time ago. Prescription of omega-3 in geriatric depression has been increased recently; because of more favorable profile of their side effects. Some of the studies reported that omega-3 is effective in prevention or treatment of depressive disorders than Citalopram...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890977/health-and-socioeconomic-status-of-the-elderly-people-living-in-hilly-areas-of-pakhribas-kosi-zone-nepal
#14
Ankit Amar Gupta, Amrit Kumar Lall, Aditi Das, Anshu Saurav, Abnish Nandan, Deepa Shah, Anand Agrahari, Deepak Kumar Yadav
BACKGROUND: The rising geriatric population is facing significant health and social problems in the developing world that are impacting the quality of their lives. OBJECTIVE: The study describes the general health status and the socioeconomic characteristics of the elderly people of Pakhribas village development committee (VDC) of Eastern Nepal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out targeting the people aged 60 years and above in the sample area using a semi-structured questionnaire and convenient sampling to get the required sample size...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890036/treatment-preferences-for-depression-in-the-elderly
#15
Claudia Luck-Sikorski, Janine Stein, Katharina Heilmann, Wolfgang Maier, Hanna Kaduszkiewicz, Martin Scherer, Siegfried Weyerer, Jochen Werle, Birgitt Wiese, Lilia Moor, Jens-Oliver Bock, Hans-Helmut König, Steffi G Riedel-Heller
BACKGROUND: If patients are treated according to their personal preferences, depression treatment success is higher. It is not known which treatment options for late-life depression are preferred by patients aged 75 years and over and whether there are determinants of these preferences. METHODS: The data were derived from the German "Late-life depression in primary care: needs, health care utilization, and costs (AgeMooDe)" study. Patients aged 75+ years (N = 1,230) were recruited from primary care practices...
November 28, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889589/higher-morale-is-associated-with-lower-risk-of-depressive-disorders-five-years-later-among-very-old-people
#16
Johan Niklasson, Marina Näsman, Fredrica Nyqvist, Mia Conradsson, Birgitta Olofsson, Hugo Lövheim, Yngve Gustafson
The aim of this study was to investigate whether higher morale, i.e. future-oriented optimism, at baseline was associated with lower risk of depressive disorders five years later among very old people.Methods The Umeå85+/GErontological Regional Database, a population-based study with a longitudinal design, recruited participants in Sweden and Finland aged 85, 90 and ≥95 years. The sample in the present study included 647 individuals (89.1±4.4 years (Mean±SD), range 85-103). After five years, 216 were alive and agreed to a follow-up (92...
November 17, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889282/neuromodulation-treatments-for-geriatric-mood-and-cognitive-disorders
#17
REVIEW
William M McDonald
There is increasing evidence for the efficacy of neuromodulation in the treatment of resistant mood disorders and emerging data supporting the use of neuromodulation in cognitive disorders. A significant minority of depressed elders do not respond to pharmacotherapy and/or psychotherapy. This has led clinicians to recommend the increasing use of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in the treatment of medication-resistant or life-threatening geriatric depression. Multiple studies have supported the safety and efficacy of ECT in the elderly, yet ECT is associated with side effects including cardiovascular and cognitive side effects...
December 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888180/northern-manhattan-hispanic-caregiver-intervention-effectiveness-study-protocol-of-a-pragmatic-randomised-trial-comparing-the-effectiveness-of-two-established-interventions-for-informal-caregivers-of-persons-with-dementia
#18
José A Luchsinger, Louis Burgio, Mary Mittelman, Ilana Dunner, Jed A Levine, Jian Kong, Stephanie Silver, Mildred Ramirez, Jeanne A Teresi
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of dementia is increasing without a known cure, resulting in an increasing number of informal caregivers. Caring for a person with dementia results in increased stress and depressive symptoms. There are several behavioural interventions designed to alleviate stress and depressive symptoms in caregivers of persons with dementia with evidence of efficacy. Two of the best-known interventions are the New York University Caregiver Intervention (NYUCI) and the Resources for Enhancing Alzheimer's Caregivers Health (REACH)...
November 25, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886078/effects-of-two-year-vitamin-b12-and-folic-acid-supplementation-on-depressive-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-in-older-adults-with-elevated-homocysteine-concentrations-additional-results-from-the-b-proof-study-an-rct
#19
Elisa J de Koning, Nikita L van der Zwaluw, Janneke P van Wijngaarden, Evelien Sohl, Elske M Brouwer-Brolsma, Harm W J van Marwijk, Anke W Enneman, Karin M A Swart, Suzanne C van Dijk, Annelies C Ham, Nathalie van der Velde, André G Uitterlinden, Brenda W J H Penninx, Petra J M Elders, Paul Lips, Rosalie A M Dhonukshe-Rutten, Natasja M van Schoor, Lisette C P G M de Groot
Lowering elevated plasma homocysteine (Hcy) concentrations by supplementing vitamin B12 and folic acid may reduce depressive symptoms and improve health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) in older adults. This study aimed to test this hypothesis in a randomized controlled trial. Participants (N = 2919, ≥65 years, Hcy concentrations ≥12 µmol/L) received either 500 µg vitamin B12 and 400 µg folic acid daily or placebo for two years. Both tablets contained 15 µg vitamin D₃. Depressive symptoms were measured with the Geriatric Depression Scale-15 (GDS-15)...
November 23, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883167/frailty-is-a-geriatric-syndrome-characterized-by-multiple-impairments-a-comprehensive-approach-is-needed
#20
L-K Chen, A-C Hwang, L-K Liu, W-J Lee, L-N Peng
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of frailty and the associated multimorbidity and functional impairments among community-dwelling middle-aged and elderly people in Taiwan. DESIGN: a cross-sectional study. SETTING: communities in I-Lan County of Taiwan. PARTICIPANTS: 1839 community-dwelling people aged 50 years and older. INTERVENTION: None. MEASUREMENTS: Frailty defined by Fried's criteria, Charlson's comorbidity index (CCI), Functional Autonomy Measurement System (SMAF), Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), Mini-Nutrition Assessment (MNA), Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), and Short Form-12 quality of life questionnaire...
2016: Journal of Frailty & Aging
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