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Modified ultrafiltration

Kyoung Hoon Chu, Mahdi Fathizadeh, Miao Yu, Joseph R V Flora, Am Jang, Min Jang, Chang Min Park, Sung Soo Yoo, Namguk Her, Yeomin Yoon
Functionalized graphene oxide (GO), derived from pure graphite via the modified Hummer method, was used to modify commercially available ceramic ultrafiltration membranes using the vacuum method. The modified ceramic membrane functionalized with GO (ceramicGO) was characterized using a variety of analysis techniques and exhibited higher hydrophilicity and increased negative charge compared with the pristine ceramic membrane. Although the pure water permeability of the ceramicGO membrane (14.4-58.6 L/m(2) h/bar) was slightly lower than that of the pristine membrane (25...
November 10, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Kibrom Alebel Gebru, Chandan Das
In this work, TiO2 nanoparticles (NPs) were modified using tetraethylenepentamine (TEPA), ethylenediamine (EDA), and hexamethylenetetramine (HMTA) amines using impregnation process. The prepared amine modified TiO2 samples were explored as an additive to fabricate ultrafiltration membranes with enhanced capacity towards the removal of chromium ions from aqueous solution. Modified membranes were prepared from cellulose acetate (CA) polymer blended with polyethylene glycol (PEG) additive, and amine modified TiO2 by using phase inversion technique...
October 22, 2017: Chemosphere
Antonia Harford, Ambreen Gul, Serena Cumber, Susan Paine, Ronald Schrader, Nicole Trujillo, Philip Zager
INTRODUCTION: Modifiable hemodialysis treatment parameters may impact patient reported outcomes, including recovery time. Answers to the recovery question may predict the impact of treatment parameters on clinical outcomes and health related quality of life. However, the reliability of answers to the recovery question after consecutive and nonconsecutive dialysis treatments in diverse populations has not been established. OBJECTIVE: To assess the reliability of this instrument and to determine if recovery time was associated with modifiable dialysis parameters, we conducted a quality assurance project in which we asked, "How long did it take you to recover from your last dialysis session?" after consecutive and nonconsecutive treatments...
October 2017: Hemodialysis International
Irem Damar Huner, Haci Ali Gulec
The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of hydrophilic surface modification via atmospheric pressure jet plasma (ApJPls) on the fouling propensity of polyethersulfone (PES) ultrafiltration (UF) membranes during concentration of whey proteins. The distance from nozzle to substrate surface of 30mm and the exposure period of 5 times were determined as the most effective parameters enabling an increase in ΔGiwi value of the plain membrane from (-) 14.92±0.89mJ/m(2) to (+) 17.57±0.67mJ/m(2). Maximum hydrophilicity and minimum surface roughness achieved by argon plasma action resulted in better antifouling behavior, while the hydraulic permeability and the initial permeate flux were decreased sharply due to the plasma-induced surface cross-linking...
October 3, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Zaishen Jia, Yichao Teng, Yuan Liu, Hong Wang, Yue Li, Xiaotong Hou
BACKGROUND: Modified ultrafiltration (MUF) can be performed in infants with ventricular septal defects (VSDs) after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) to reduce haemodilution and its potential adverse effects. High-flow MUF might reduce ultrafiltration duration and hasten the necessary correction of haemodilution during CPB. However, its influence on brain oxygenation remains controversial. OBJECTIVE: This non-randomized, prospective, pilot study aimed to investigate the influence of high-flow MUF on brain oxygenation in infants with VSDs...
October 1, 2017: Perfusion
Anupam Bera, Jaladhi S Trivedi, Sweta Binod Kumar, Arvind K Singh Chandel, Soumya Haldar, Suresh K Jewrajka
Propensity towards anti-organic fouling, anti-biofouling property and low rejection of multivalent cation (monovalent counter ion) restricts the application of the state-of-art poly(piperazineamide) [poly(PIP)] thin film composite (TFC) nanofiltration (NF) membrane for the treatment of water containing toxic heavy metal ions, organic fouling agents and microbes. Herein, we report the preparation of thin film nanocomposite (TFNC) NF membranes with improved heavy metal ions rejection efficacy, anti-biofouling property, and anti-organic fouling properties compared to that of poly(PIP) TFC NF membrane...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Hao Qiu, Erik Smolders
Bioavailability-modifying factors such as soil type and aging have only rarely been considered in assessing toxicity of metal-containing nanoparticles in soil. Here, we examined the toxicity to barley (Hordeum vulgare) of CuO nanoparticles (CuO-NPs) relative to CuO bulk particles (CuO-BPs) and Cu acetate (Cu(OAc)2) in six different soils with or without aging. The set up allows identifying whether or not NPs-derived colloidal Cu in soil porewater contributes to toxicity. Ultrafiltration (50 kDa) was performed together with geochemical modeling to determine {Cu(2+)} (free Cu(2+) activity in soil porewater)...
October 17, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
Lata Ramchandran, XiaoXia Luo, Todor Vasiljevic
Modulating conditions during ultrafiltration of skim milk appears to be a feasible strategy to obtain milk protein concentrates (MPC) with tailored functionalities. Adjustment of pH and process temperature attenuated properties of casein micelle resulting in enhanced emulsification capacity. Additional pre-treatment options such as addition of calcium chelators can further impact on the functionality of MPC by modifying the calcium distribution and casein micelle integrity. The objective of the project was to establish effects of pre-treating skim milk with calcium chelators (EDTA or citrate) in concentrations between 10 to 30 mm prior to UF on the physical properties of the feed, corresponding retentates and dried MPC, including particle size, zeta potential and calcium distribution in skim milk and the corresponding retentates, as well as the physical functionalities such as solubility, heat stability and emulsifying properties...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Dairy Research
Nicolas M Peleato, Raymond L Legge, Robert C Andrews
Fluorescence spectroscopy was used as a characterization method to examine organic fouling of single ultrafiltration (UF) fibres at bench-scale. Low doses of coagulant were applied to modify organic properties, without significant formation of precipitates. This approach compliments previous studies investigating coagulation as a pre-treatment method for UF fouling control, which have principally focused on reduction of foulant concentrations. Using a continuous system, short time-scale fluorescence results demonstrated significant adsorption of humic components to virgin membrane fibres...
December 1, 2017: Water Research
Nagarajan Padmavathy, Paresh Kumar Samantaray, Lopamudra Das Ghosh, Giridhar Madras, Suryasarathi Bose
Polymeric architectures with controlled and well-defined structural features are required to render a sustainable antibacterial surface - a key requirement in the design of polymeric membranes for water purification. Herein, surface selective crosslinking of copper oxide-polyphosphoester (CuO-PPE) hybrid nanogels on to polyvinylidene fluoride-styrene maleic anhydride (PVDF/SMA) ultrafiltration membranes was developed. The hybrid nanogels, composed of PPE and CuO, with inherent antifouling and antibacterial properties, were crosslinked using a macroinitiator (polyethylene glycol, PEG) and subsequently grafted on to PVDF/SMA by alkyne-anhydride reaction...
August 31, 2017: Nanoscale
Jinling Lv, Guoquan Zhang, Hanmin Zhang, Fenglin Yang
Cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) were introduced into cellulose diacetate (CDA) matrix via immerged phase-inversion process, aiming to improve the filtration and antifouling performance of CNCs/CDA blending membrane. The effects of CNCs on membrane morphologies, hydrophilicity, permeability and antifouling property were investigated. Results showed that the incorporation of CNCs into CDA membrane could effectively enhance the permeability and antifouling property of CNCs/CDA blending membrane by optimizing membrane microstructure and improving membrane hydrophilicity...
October 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
Yasin Orooji, Feng Liang, Amir Razmjou, Sha Li, Mohammad Reza Mofid, Quan Liu, Kecheng Guan, Zhengkun Liu, Wanqin Jin
Flux and antifouling properties of mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) are yet to attain satisfactory status. The objective of this study is to find a method for mitigating the biofouling of poly(ether sulfone) (PES) ultrafiltration membranes via blending of thermoexfoliated vermiculite (VMT). Flow cytometry analysis shows that the behaviors of Bacillus subtilis 168 as a Gram-positive bacterium and Escherichia coli DH5 alpha as a Gram-negative bacterium were different. Hence, cell property is a suspected contributory factor in biofilm formation...
August 22, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Junyong Zhu, Jing Wang, Adam Andrew Uliana, Miaomiao Tian, Yiming Zhang, Yatao Zhang, Alexander Volodin, Kenneth Simoens, Shushan Yuan, Jian Li, Jiuyang Lin, Kristel Bernaerts, Bart Van der Bruggen
Graphene-based nanocomposites have a vast potential for wide-ranging antibacterial applications due to the inherently strong biocidal activity and versatile compatibility of such nanocomposites. Therefore, graphene-based functional nanomaterials can introduce enhanced antibiofouling and antimicrobial properties to polymeric membrane surfaces. In this study, reduced graphene oxide-copper (rGOC) nanocomposites were synthesized as newly robust biocides via in situ reduction. Inspired by the emerging method of bridging ultrafiltration membrane surface cavities, loose nanofiltration (NF) membranes were designed using a rapid (2 h) bioinspired strategy in which rGOC nanocomposites were firmly codeposited with polydopamine (PDA) onto an ultrafiltration support...
August 30, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Guler Turkoglu Demirkol, Nadir Dizge, Turkan Ormanci Acar, Oyku Mutlu Salmanli, Nese Tufekci
In this study, polyethersulfone (PES) ultrafiltration membrane surface was modified with nano-sized zinc oxide (nZnO) and silver (nAg) to improve the membrane filterability of the mixed liquor and used to treat fruit-juice industry wastewater in a submerged membrane bioreactor (MBR). The nAg was synthesized using three different methods. In the first method, named as nAg-M1, PES membrane was placed on the membrane module and nAg solution was passed through the membrane for 24 h at 25 ± 1 °C. In the second method, named as nAg-M2, PES membrane was placed in a glass container and it was shaken for 24 h at 150 rpm at 25 ± 1 °C...
July 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
Som N Khanal, John A Lucey
The yield and chemical structures of exopolysaccharides (EPS) produced by many strains of Streptococcus thermophilus have been characterized. However, the kinetics (or production profile) for EPS during milk fermentation is not clear. In this study, we investigated whether any differences existed in the yield and molar mass of EPS when milk was fermented at the same acidification rate by 2 strains of S. thermophilus (St-143 and ST-10255y). The type of EPS produced by these 2 strains is different. Milk samples were analyzed for EPS concentration every 30 min during a fermentation period of 270 min (final pH 4...
September 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
Xiaofeng Fang, Jiansheng Li, Xin Li, Shunlong Pan, Xiuyun Sun, Jinyou Shen, Weiqing Han, Lianjun Wang, Bart Van der Bruggen
In this work, an iron-tannin-framework (ITF) complex was introduced to a poly (ether sulfone) (PES) casting solution as a hydrophilic additive to fabricate ITF/PES ultrafiltration (UF) membranes via non-solvent-induced phase separation (NIPS). The structure and performance of the PES membranes with ITF concentrations ranging from 0 to 0.9wt.% were systematically investigated by scanning electron microscopy, water contact angle, permeability, protein rejection and fouling resistance measurements. The results indicate that the pore structure and surface properties of PES UF membranes can be regulated by incorporating the ITF complex...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Mathilde Leu, Alice Marciniak, Julien Chamberland, Yves Pouliot, Laurent Bazinet, Alain Doyen
Ultrafiltration (UF) is largely used in the dairy industry to generate milk and whey protein concentrate for standardization of milk or production of dairy ingredients. Recently, it was demonstrated that high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) extended the shelf life of milk and improved rennet coagulation and cheese yield. Pressurization also modified casein micelle size distribution and promoted aggregation of whey proteins. These changes are likely to affect UF performance. Consequently, this study determined the effect of skim milk pressurization (300 and 600 MPa, 5 min) on UF performance in terms of permeate flux decline and fouling...
September 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
Chuanqi Zhao, Jinling Lv, Xiaochen Xu, Guoquan Zhang, Yuesuo Yang, Fenglin Yang
Innovation and effective wastewater treatment technology is still in great demand given the emerging contaminants frequently spotted from the aqueous environment. By blending with poly (vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF), the strong hydrophilic graphene oxide (GO) and antibacterial copper oxide (CuxO) were used as nanofillers to develop the novel, highly antifouling composite membranes via phase inversion process in our latest work. The existence and dispersion of GO and CuxO posed a significant role on morphologies, structures, surface composition and hydrophilicity of the developed composite membranes, confirmed by SEM, TEM, FTIR and XPS in depth characterization...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Huazhen Sun, Beibei Tang, Peiyi Wu
Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are being intensively explored as filler materials for polymeric membranes primarily due to their high polymer affinity, large pore volumes, and alterable pore functionalities, but the development of MOF-based ultrafiltration (UF) membranes for water treatment lags behind. Herein, poly(sulfobetaine methacrylate) (PSBMA)-functionalized MOF UiO-66-PSBMA was developed, and incorporated into polysulfone (PSf) casting solution to fabricate novel hybrid UF membranes via phase-inversion method...
June 14, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Yuan-Wei Huang, Zuo-Ming Wang, Xi Yan, Jun Chen, Ya-Jun Guo, Wan-Zhong Lang
Novel ultrafiltration membranes with both superior antibacterial and self-cleaning properties were fabricated. By using a non-solvent induced phase separation method (NIPS), N-halamine epoxide and siloxane were grafted onto the multi-walled carbon nanotubes (N-Si-MWNTs) to fabricate polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) hybrid membranes. The membrane morphology was observed under a field emission scanning electron microscopy. The results demonstrated that the PVDF hybrid membranes had an asymmetrical structure, and their hydraulic permeability was evidently enhanced with the addition of modified MWNTs...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
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