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Il6 and canine

C Steen-Louws, J Popov-Celeketic, S C Mastbergen, K Coeleveld, C E Hack, N Eijkelkamp, M Tryfonidou, S Spruijt, J A G van Roon, F P J G Lafeber
OBJECTIVE: Effective disease-modifying drugs for osteoarthritis (DMOAD) should preferably have chondroprotective, anti-inflammatory, and analgesic activity combined in a single molecule. We developed a fusion protein of IL4 and IL10 (IL4-10 FP), in which the biological activity of both cytokines is preserved. The present study evaluates the chondroprotective, anti-inflammatory, and analgesic activity of IL4-10 FP in in vitro and in vivo models of osteoarthritis. METHODS: Human osteoarthritic cartilage tissue and synovial tissue were cultured with IL4-10 FP...
May 15, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
Lisa Smart, C J Boyd, M A Claus, E Bosio, G Hosgood, A Raisis
Shedding of the endothelial glycocalyx precedes leukocyte activation and adherence in acute inflammation. Rapid administration of crystalloid or colloid fluids for treating hemorrhagic shock may cause endothelial glycocalyx shedding, thereby increasing inflammation. This study aimed to compare the effect of different fluid treatments in a canine shock model on glycocalyx biomarker, hyaluronan, and inflammatory biomarkers. Greyhound dogs under general anesthesia subject to hemorrhage for 60 min were given 20 mL kg-1 of either fresh whole blood (FWB), hydroxyethyl starch (HES) 130/0...
May 4, 2018: Inflammation
Jun Luo, Boyue Zhang, Yuting Wu, Qin Tian, Meijun Mo, Teng Long, Mingzhu Mei, Ruqi Fan, Ziyu Lyu, He Jiang, Fan Wu, Yingyi Lin, Xiaofeng Guo
Rabies, which is caused by the rabies virus (RABV), is an ancient zoonosis that has a high mortality rate. Previous studies have indicated that recombinant RABV expressing canine interleukin-6 (rHEP-CaIL6), induced more virus-neutralizing antibodies than parental RABV in mice following intramuscular immunization. To investigate the immune response induced in the CNS by rHEP-CaIL6 after intranasal or intracranial administration in mice, the permeability of the blood-brain barrier (BBB), the infiltration of CD3 T cells, and innate immune response-related effector molecules in the CNS were examined...
March 28, 2018: Archives of Virology
Michal Mazaki-Tovi, Steven R Bolin, Patricia A Schenck
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of n3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) on canine adipose tissue secretion of adiponectin, interleukin-6 (IL6), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα). Subcutaneous and omental visceral adipose tissue samples were collected from 16 healthy intact female dogs. Concentrations of adiponectin were measured in mature adipocyte cultures, and concentrations of IL6 and TNFα were measured in undifferentiated stromovascular cell (SVC) cultures following treatment with eicosapentaenic acid (EPA, 20:5n-3), arachidonic acid (ARA, 20:4n-6), or palmitic acid (PAM, 16:0) at 25, 50, or 100 μM...
February 2018: Lipids
Niloofar Khalili, Ali Karimi, Mohammad-Taghi Moradi, Hedayatollah Shirzad
CONTEXT: The influenza A virus (IAV) causes severe respiratory disease that remains a leading reason for morbidity and mortality. Previous studies have indicated that influenza complications in addition to viral replication are due to overproduction of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Therefore, a new compound is needed to be used with current antiviral drugs to modulate overproduction of pro-inflammatory cytokines in IAV infection. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the effect of celastrol on mRNA expression and concentration levels of the pro-inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) and interleukin-6 (IL6) that are induced by influenza A/Puerto Rico/8/34 (H1N1; PR8) in Madin-Darby Canine Kidney (MDCK) cells...
March 1, 2018: Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology
Ina Herrmann, Jelena Gotovina, Judit Fazekas-Singer, Michael B Fischer, Karin Hufnagl, Rodolfo Bianchini, Erika Jensen-Jarolim
The M2a subtype of macrophages plays an important role in human immunoglobulin E (IgE-mediated allergies) and other Th2 type immune reactions. In contrast, very little is known about these cells in the dog. Here we describe an in vitro method to activate canine histiocytic DH82 cells and primary canine monocyte-derived macrophages (MDMs) toward the M2a macrophages using human cytokines. For a side-by-side comparison, we compared the canine cells to human MDMs, and the human monocytic cell line U937 activated towards M1 and M2a cells on the cellular and molecular level...
May 2018: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Julia Ettlin, Elena Clementi, Parisa Amini, Alexandra Malbon, Enni Markkanen
Cancer-associated stroma (CAS) plays a key role in cancer initiation and progression. Spontaneously occurring canine mammary carcinomas are viewed as excellent models of human breast carcinomas. Considering the importance of CAS for human cancer, it likely plays a central role in canine tumours as well. So far, however, canine CAS lacks characterisation, and it remains unclear whether the biology between CAS from canine and human tumours is comparable. In this proof-of-principle study, using laser-capture microdissection, we isolated CAS and normal stroma from 13 formalin-fixed paraffin embedded canine simple mammary carcinomas and analysed the expression of seven known human CAS markers by RT-qPCR (Reverse Transcription quantitative PCR) and validated some targets by immunohistochemistry...
May 20, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Jun Luo, Boyue Zhang, Yuting Wu, Qin Tian, Jing Zhao, Ziyu Lyu, Qiong Zhang, Mingzhu Mei, Yongwen Luo, Xiaofeng Guo
Several studies have confirmed that interleukin-6 (IL6) mediates multiple biological effects that enhance immune responses when used as an adjuvant. In the present study, recombinant rabies virus (RABV) expressing canine IL6 (rHEP-CaIL6) was rescued and its pathogenicity and immunogenicity were investigated in mice. We demonstrated that mice received a single intramuscular immunization with rHEP-CaIL6 showed an earlier increase and higher maximum titres of virus-neutralizing antibody (VNA) as well as anti-RABV antibodies compared with mice immunized with the parent strain...
February 7, 2017: Vaccine
Liza Margareth Medeiros de Carvalho Sousa, Renata Dos Santos Silva, Vanessa Uemura da Fonseca, Rafael Magdanelo Leandro, Thiago Senna Di Vincenzo, Ana Bárbara Alves-Wagner, Ubiratan Fabres Machado, Paula de Carvalho Papa
This study aimed to determine in the canine corpus luteum throughout the dioestrus (1) the influence of insulin on glucose uptake; (2) the regulation of genes potentially involved; and (3) the influence of hypoxia on glucose transporter expression and steroidogenesis, after treatment with cobalt chloride (CoCl2). Glucose uptake by luteal cells increased 2.7 folds (P < 0.05) in response to insulin; a phenomenon related to increased expression of glucose transporter (GLUT) 4 and phosphorylation of protein kinase B (AKT)...
December 2016: Journal of Endocrinology
Seung Hoon Lee, Yongsun Kim, Daeun Rhew, Ahyoung Kim, Kwang Rae Jo, Yongseok Yoon, Kyeung Uk Choi, Taeseong Jung, Wan Hee Kim, Oh-Kyeong Kweon
Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is a stress-responsive enzyme that modulates the immune response and oxidative stress associated with spinal cord injury (SCI). This study aimed to investigate neuronal regeneration via transplantation of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) overexpressing HO-1. Canine MSCs overexpressing HO-1 were generated by using a lentivirus packaging protocol. Eight beagle dogs with experimentally-induced SCI were divided into GFP-labeled MSC (MSC-GFP) and HO-1-overexpressing MSC (MSC-HO-1) groups...
September 30, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Science
Thierry Olivry, David Mayhew, Judy S Paps, Keith E Linder, Carlos Peredo, Deepak Rajpal, Hans Hofland, Javier Cote-Sierra
Determining inflammation and itch pathway activation in patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) is fraught with the inability to precisely assess the age of skin lesions, thus affecting the analysis of time-dependent mediators. To characterize inflammatory events occurring during early experimental acute AD lesions, biopsy samples were collected 6, 24, and 48 hours after epicutaneous application of Dermatophagoides farinae house dust mites to sensitized atopic dogs. The skin transcriptome was assessed using a dog-specific microarray and quantitative PCR...
October 2016: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
M Mankowska, M Stachowiak, A Graczyk, P Ciazynska, M Gogulski, W Nizanski, M Switonski
Obesity is an emerging health problem in purebred dogs. Due to their crucial role in energy homeostasis control, genes encoding adipokines are considered candidate genes, and their variants may be associated with predisposition to obesity. Searching for polymorphism was carried out in three adipokine genes (TNF, RETN and IL6). The study was performed on 260 dogs, including lean (n = 109), overweight (n = 88) and obese (n = 63) dogs. The largest cohort was represented by Labrador Retrievers (n = 136)...
April 2016: Animal Genetics
Chi-Chien Lu, Meng-Meng Liu, Michael Clinton, Geoff Culshaw, David J Argyle, Brendan M Corcoran
Epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) and the cardiovascular equivalent, endothelial to mesenchymal transition (EndoMT), contribute to a range of chronic degenerative diseases and cancer metastasis. Chronic valvulopathies exhibit some features of EndoMT and activation of developmental signalling pathways, such as osteogenesis and chondrogenesis, expression of cell differentiation markers, basement membrane damage and endothelial transformation. The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential role of developmental mechanisms in canine myxomatous mitral valve disease (MMVD) using a combination of transcriptomic array technology, RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry...
December 2015: Veterinary Journal
Dmitry N Grigoryev, Dilyara I Cheranova, Suman Chaudhary, Daniel P Heruth, Li Qin Zhang, Shui Q Ye
BACKGROUND: Accumulated to-date gene microarray data on Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) in the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) represent a rich source for identifying new unsuspected targets and mechanisms of ARDS. The recently developed expression-based genome-wide association study (eGWAS) for analysis of GEO data was successfully used for analysis of gene expression of comparatively noncomplex adipose tissue, 75 % of which is represented by adipocytes. Although lung tissue is more heterogenic and does not possess a prevalent cell type for driving gene expression patterns, we hypothesized that eGWAS of ARDS samples will generate biologically meaningful results...
August 19, 2015: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
Fabiana Azevedo Voorwald, Fabio Albuquerque Marchi, Rolando Andre Rios Villacis, Carlos Eduardo Fonseca Alves, Gilson Hélio Toniollo, Renee Laufer Amorim, Sandra Aparecida Drigo, Silvia Regina Rogatto
Cystic endometrial hyperplasia (CEH), mucometra, and pyometra are common uterine diseases in intact dogs, with pyometra being a life threatening disease. This study aimed to determine the gene expression profile of these lesions and potential biomarkers for closed-cervix pyometra, the most severe condition. Total RNA was extracted from 69 fresh endometrium samples collected from 21 healthy female dogs during diestrus, 16 CEH, 15 mucometra and 17 pyometra (eight open and nine closed-cervixes). Global gene expression was detected using the Affymetrix Canine Gene 1...
2015: PloS One
D Bukowska, B Kempisty, P Zawierucha, K Jopek, H Piotrowska, P Antosik, S Ciesiółka, M Woźna, K P Brüssow, J M Jaśkowski
Pyometra, which is accompanied by bacterial contamination of the uterus, is defined as a complex disease associated with the activation of several systems, including the immune system. The objective of the study was to evaluate the gene expression profile in dogs with pyometra compared with those that were clinically normal. The study included uteri from 43 mongrel bitches (23 with pyometra, 20 clinically healthy). RNA used for the microarray study was pooled to four separated vials for control and pyometra...
October 2014: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
D Bukowska, B Kempisty, P Zawierucha, K Jopek, H Piotrowska, P Antosik, S Ciesiółka, M Woźna, K P Brüssow, J M Jaśkowski
Pyometra, which is accompanied by bacterial contamination of the uterus, is defined as a complex disease associated with the activation of several systems, including the immune system. The objective of the study was to evaluate the gene expression profile in dogs with pyometra compared with those that were clinically normal. The study included uteri from 43 mongrel bitches (23 with pyometra, 20 clinically healthy). RNA used for the microarray study was pooled to four separated vials for control and pyometra...
October 2014: International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
Amir Kol, Soraya Foutouhi, Naomi J Walker, Nguyet T Kong, Bart C Weimer, Dori L Borjesson
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are somatic, multipotent stromal cells with potent immunomodulatory and regenerative properties. Although MSCs have pattern recognition receptors and are modulated by Toll-like receptor ligands, MSC-microbial interactions are poorly defined. The objectives of this study were to determine the effect of bacterial association on MSC function. We hypothesized that gastrointestinal bacteria associate with MSCs and alter their immunomodulatory properties. The effect of MSC-microbial interactions on MSC morphology, viability, proliferation, migration, and immunomodulatory functions was investigated...
August 15, 2014: Stem Cells and Development
Mia Olsson, Linda Tintle, Marcin Kierczak, Michele Perloski, Noriko Tonomura, Andrew Lundquist, Eva Murén, Max Fels, Katarina Tengvall, Gerli Pielberg, Caroline Dufaure de Citres, Laetitia Dorso, Jérôme Abadie, Jeanette Hanson, Anne Thomas, Peter Leegwater, Åke Hedhammar, Kerstin Lindblad-Toh, Jennifer R S Meadows
Autoinflammatory disease (AID) manifests from the dysregulation of the innate immune system and is characterised by systemic and persistent inflammation. Clinical heterogeneity leads to patients presenting with one or a spectrum of phenotypic signs, leading to difficult diagnoses in the absence of a clear genetic cause. We used separate genome-wide SNP analyses to investigate five signs of AID (recurrent fever, arthritis, breed specific secondary dermatitis, otitis and systemic reactive amyloidosis) in a canine comparative model, the pure bred Chinese Shar-Pei...
2013: PloS One
M K Jee, Y B Im, J I Choi, S K Kang
In this study, we found an effective and novel therapeutic approach to atopic dermatitis (AD) therapy via treatment with a canine adipose tissue stem cell (cATSC) extract. We determined that the therapeutic application of cATSC-derived interleukin 10 (IL10) and transforming growth factor β1 (TGFβ1) effectively modulated the overloaded immune response after the induction of AD. In addition, we investigated the molecular role of the cATSC extract during AD treatment. Dogs with naturally occurring AD that was treated at Seoul National University Veterinary Teaching Hospital was enrolled in this study...
2013: Cell Death & Disease
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