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Université de Montréal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914646/in-the-eye-of-the-beholder-assessing-the-water-quality-of-shoreline-parks-around-the-island-of-montreal-through-citizen-science
#1
D Lévesque, A Cattaneo, G Deschamps, C Hudon
As a part of the FreshWater Watch project aiming to promote volunteers' water monitoring in 25 cities around the world, St. Lawrence River water quality was characterized at 28 public shoreline parks around Montreal Island, Quebec, Canada. This involved training of 69 citizen scientists by researchers of the Université de Montréal in five one-day sessions. Shoreline sampling yielded 174 data points over three summers (May 2013 to November 2015). Water turbidity, nitrate and phosphate concentrations were measured in situ, together with the thickness and type of beach-cast vegetation, and the relative abundance of different types of beach litter...
November 30, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798039/integration-of-oral-health-into-primary-care-a-scoping-review-protocol
#2
Elham Emami, Hermina Harnagea, Felix Girard, Anne Charbonneau, René Voyer, Christophe Pierre Bedos, Martin Chartier, John Wootton, Yves Couturier
INTRODUCTION: Integrated care has been introduced as a means of improving health outcomes and access to care, and reducing the cost of healthcare. Despite its importance, the integration of oral health into primary care is still an emerging healthcare pathway. This scoping review protocol has been developed and funded by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research to provide an evidence-based synthesis on a primary oral healthcare approach and its effectiveness in improving oral health outcomes...
October 18, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27429463/evolution-of-in-vitro-antimicrobial-resistance-in-an-equine-hospital-over-3-decades
#3
Annie Malo, Caroline Cluzel, Olivia Labrecque, Guy Beauchamp, Jean-Pierre Lavoie, Mathilde Leclere
This study identified antimicrobial resistance patterns of commonly isolated bacteria at the Equine Hospital of the Université de Montréal between 2007 and 2013, and compared the results with the resistance patterns observed in tests performed in previous decades in the same hospital. A total of 396 antimicrobial susceptibility tests were analyzed by the Kirby-Bauer method during the period 2007 to 2013 and compared to 233 and 255 tests completed in 1986 to 1988 and 1996 to 1998, respectively. The most common bacteria were Streptococcus equi subsp...
July 2016: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403000/factors-influencing-fourth-year-pharmacy-students-decisions-to-pursue-a-hospital-pharmacy-residency
#4
Sébastien Dupuis, Alexis Martel, Taha Arfa, Joannah Valma, David R Williamson, Marc M Perreault
BACKGROUND: The Canadian Society of Hospital Pharmacists promotes the recruitment of residency-trained pharmacists for work in hospitals and related health care settings. However, Quebec hospitals are still hiring non-residency trained pharmacists, in part because of a severe shortage of hospital pharmacists. To date, no studies have examined the factors influencing the career choices of fourth-year pharmacy students in Canada. OBJECTIVES: To identify motivating factors and barriers influencing students' decision to pursue a hospital pharmacy residency...
May 2016: Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26639027/comparing-two-different-daily-disposable-lenses-for-improving-discomfort-related-to-contact-lens-wear
#5
Langis Michaud, Pierre Forcier
PURPOSE: This study aimed to compare two daily disposable lenses to reduce lens-induced discomfort (CLD) among different populations of symptomatic wearers. METHODS: This was a multicenter, crossover, study. Subjects were contact lens wearers reporting CLD. Subjects (76) were randomly assigned to wear Nelfilcon A (NF) then Delefilcon A (DF)- group A- or vice-versa (group B). Tear break-up time (TBUT), corneal (CS) and conjunctival staining (CJS) were graded at every visit...
June 2016: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26559222/-fifty-years-of-residency-in-psychiatry-at-the-university-of-montreal-relevance-and-necessity-of-the-residents-association
#6
Alexis Thibault
OBJECTIVES: In the context of the fiftieth anniversary celebrations of the Département de psychiatrie de l'Université de Montréal, the present article offers to retrace the history of the Psychiatry Resident's Association (ARPUM). Since the Association's activities and demands reflected the concerns of the time, a depiction of the Residency Program and exploration of the historical and administrative context, in each key period, is also undertaken. METHODS: Multiple psychiatrists from every decade, who were once active members of the Association, were interviewed and asked to describe the Residency Program at their time, with its positive and negative aspects, based on their own personal experience as a resident, but also as a member of the organization...
2015: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26559221/-les-impatients-expression-through-art
#7
Céline Lamontagne, Lorraine Palardy
The organization called "Les Impatients" was founded in 1992. Using a unique model, Les Impatients welcomes those with mental health issues who would like to express themselves through art. Les Impatients offers free creative workshops and encourages exchanges with the community through the sharing of its participants' creations. The name Les Impatients reinforces the idea that the organization does not consider those attending its workshops as patients, but rather creators who are eager to heal, develop their craft and find their place in society...
2015: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26559220/-the-history-of-the-science-of-stress-from-hans-selye-to-the-discovery-of-anti-inflammatory-medication
#8
Sonia Lupien
To make an important scientific discovery that will make history takes a lot of determination, creativity, perseverance and luck! The story behind the discovery of stress and its biological basis is a fascinating one that places Dr. Hans Selye in the forefront. Dr. Selye was a great scientist that taught at the Université de Montréal from 1945 to his death in 1982. Dr. Selye was curious and hard working. He was determined to understand how various disorders can lead to similar physical manifestations, and this interest led him to discover the role of the adrenal glands involved in the stress response and to better understand the effects of glucocorticoids on the body...
2015: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26559218/-sleep-medicine-1965%C3%A2-to%C3%A2-2015
#9
Jacques Montplaisir
The Département de psychiatrie de l'Université de Montréal houses one of the first sleep centers founded 40 years ago. This center contributed to virtually every aspect of sleep medicine. It grew considerably over time to become one of the largest sleep centers worldwide. It is now called the Center for Advanced Research in Sleep Medicine (CARSM). Fourteen researchers and more than 30 research PhDs and postdoctoral fellows are working together in a 1,500 square-meter facility that includes separate units for fundamental and clinical studies and for the sleep disorders clinic...
2015: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26559217/-the-institute-philippe-pinel-and-the-department-of-psychiatry-of-the-university-of-montreal-intricate-paths
#10
Anne-Marie Bouchard, Louis Morissette, Fédéric Millaud
The Institute Philippe-Pinel (IPPM) and the Département de psychiatrie de l'Université de Montréal, who are both celebrating their 50 years, have intricated paths and a long history of collaboration. Since its conception (1964), the Institute Philippe-Pinel was planned to become a site for training and teaching in the bosom of the Université de Montréal.Unique in its mission to offer state of the art psychiatric care and forensic assessments to patients presenting a high risk of violence, the Institute Philippe-Pinel, throughout the years, was also able to leave its mark by the way of academic teaching to psychiatric residents and trainees of all disciplines, of organizing national and international conferences, of research and by the publication of numerous articles and books in the field of forensic psychiatry...
2015: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26559216/-the-history-of-geriatric-psychiatry-at-the-university-of-montreal-pioneers-milestones-and-future-outlook
#11
Isabelle Paquette, Arthur Amyot, Geneviève Létourneau
OBJECTIVES: Geriatric psychiatry became an official psychiatric subspecialty in Canada in 2009. The first board examinations from the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC) took place in 2013. Geriatric Psychiatry focuses on the assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of complex mental disorders in late life, a time when the interface between physical and mental health issues often adds a new level of complexity.Little has been written on the history of geriatric psychiatry in Québec and in Canada...
2015: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26559215/-crossroads-50-years-of-child-care
#12
Martin Gignac, Bernard Boileau, Charles Nagy Bedwani, Vicenzo DiNicola, Yvon Gauthier, Alain Lévesque, Louis Morissette
INTRODUCTION: Through a journey in time, we propose to revisit the birth of the first mental health care settings for children with mental disorders affiliated with Université de Montréal, Quebec, Canada. METHODS: The main centers of child psychiatry affiliated with the Université de Montréal are presented with the outstanding figures of the time. RESULTS: Philosophical transitions and therapeutic paradigms are also briefly discussed. The creation of subspecialty clinics and training approved by the Royal College of Psychiatry of Child and Adolescent marked the contemporary era...
2015: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26559210/-fifty-years-of-public-service-for-quebec-community-psychiatry-services-part-i
#13
Alain Lesage
This essay comprises 2 parts. It aims to recognize the public service of psychiatrists of the Département de psychiatrie de l'Université de Montréal who served at the provincial level of the Ministry of Health and Social Services for deinstitutionalisation of policies and organisation of services, at the service of people with severe mental disorders. First with Dr. Camille Laurin post-face of the 1962 book Les fous crient au secours! (Mentally ill patients cry for help); then the insight on the latest phase of differentiated specialised clinics by Dr...
2015: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26559203/-history-of-the-department-of-psychiatry-at-the-university-of-montreal
#14
Emmanuel Stip
In its current form, the Département de psychiatrie at the Université de Montréal (UdeM) was created in 1964. The first person to have headed was Dr. Gerard Beaudoin… Between 1948 and 1964, several others psychiatrists were heading the Département without necessary bearing a particular title.The directors of the Département from 1951 to now were: Drs. Fernand Côté, Camille Laurin, Gerard Beaudoin, Yvon Gauthier, Arthur Amyot, Francis Borgeat, Hugues Cormier, Sylvain Palardy, Jean Hébert, and Emmanuel Stip...
2015: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26505779/enhancement-of-mass-spectrometry-performance-for-proteomic-analyses-using-highfield-asymmetric-waveform-ion-mobility-spectrometry-faims
#15
E Bonneil, S Pfammatter, P Thibault
Large-scale proteomics is typically achieved using a bottom-up approach whereby cell extracts are proteolytically digested into peptides prior to their analysis by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). While this strategy is largely preferred for comprehensive protein identification, the corresponding conversion of proteins to peptides significantly increases sample complexity, and typically results in tens of thousands of peptides placing considerable demands on MS instruments to obtain in-depth proteome coverage...
November 2015: Journal of Mass Spectrometry: JMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26430202/meeting-report-9th-iric-international-symposium-on-molecular-targets-in-cancer-genomics
#16
Céline M Laumont, David Haberl, Rahul Ghugari, Sarah Tsao
Graduate students and postdoctoral fellows at the Institute for Research in Immunology and Cancer (IRIC) organized the 9th IRIC International Symposium on 14-15 May, 2015. The symposium was held at the IRIC, an ultra-modern research hub and training center located on the hilltop of the Université de Montréal campus in Montreal, Canada. This year's title was 'Molecular Targets in Cancer Genomics', reflecting the common interest of the IRIC student community. Through four broadly themed sessions, organizers sought to highlight the new generation of anti-cancer strategies including targeted therapies directed against actionable cancer-specific mutations, and immunotherapies, which enhance immune responses against cancer...
October 1, 2015: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26288325/a-30-year-follow-up-of-partial-removable-dental-prostheses-in-a-university-dental-school-setting
#17
Balendra Pratap Singh, Gilles Gauthier, Pierre Rompre, Pierre De Grandmont, Elham Emami
PURPOSE: To describe the pattern of partial removable dental prosthesis (PRDP) designs over a 30-year period in a cohort of patients from the Université de Montréal, Faculty of Dentistry and to examine the effect of this design in PRDP complaints and the required treatment in a subsample of the patients' cohort. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective descriptive study, 1380 PRDP laboratory prescriptions (1980-2009) and 131 PRDP clinical complaint forms (2006-2008) from the archives of the undergraduate prosthodontics clinic of Université de Montréal were selected...
August 19, 2015: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26222603/quantification-of-the-perceived-training-load-and-its-relationship-with-changes-in-physical-fitness-performance-in-junior-soccer-players
#18
Erreka Gil-Rey, Alejandro Lezaun, Asier Los Arcos
The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between perceived respiratory and muscular training load (TL) and changes in physical fitness in elite and non-elite junior soccer players. Twenty-eight elite (n = 14, 17.6 ± 0.6 years, 70.3 ± 4.4 kg, 179.7 ± 5.6 cm) and non-elite (n = 14, 17.5 ± 0.5 years, 71.1 ± 6.5 kg, 178.1 ± 5.6 cm) soccer players belonging to a Spanish first and third division football academies and competing in junior Spanish first division (2012-2013) participated in the study...
2015: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25926031/ideological-roadblocks-to-humanizing-dentistry-an-evaluative-case-study-of-a-continuing-education-course-on-social-determinants-of-health
#19
Martine C Lévesque, Alissa Levine, Christophe Bedos
BACKGROUND: Front line providers of care are frequently lacking in knowledge on and sensitivity to social and structural determinants of underprivileged patients' health. Developing and evaluating approaches to raising health professional awareness and capacity to respond to social determinants is a crucial step in addressing this issue. McGill University, in partnership with Université de Montréal, Québec dental regulatory authorities, and the Québec anti-poverty coalition, co-developed a continuing education (CE) intervention that aims to transfer knowledge and improve the practices of oral health professionals with people living on welfare...
2015: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25790946/the-effect-of-rapid-palatal-expansion-on-sleep-bruxism-in-children
#20
Audrey Bellerive, Andrée Montpetit, Hicham El-Khatib, Maria Clotilde Carra, Claude Remise, Eve Desplats, Nelly Huynh
BACKGROUND: Sleep bruxism (SB) is a movement described as an involuntary mastication movement during sleep, also defined as rhythmic masticatory muscle activity (RMMA). It is observed in 2-40 % of the pediatric population. A link was suggested between respiratory events and RMMA. Rapid palatal expansion (RPE) is an effective orthopedic treatment for correcting maxillary transverse deficiency and sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in children. The aim was to evaluate the possible reduction of SB after rapid palatal expansion (RPE) therapy...
December 2015: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
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