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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433961/harnessing-the-medical-humanities-for-experiential-learning
#1
Satendra Singh, Purnima Barua, Upreet Dhaliwal, Navjeevan Singh
A month-long workshop on medical humanities was held in the Jorhat Medical College, Assam in September 2015. It employed experiential learning (both online and onsite) using humanities tools, such as the theatre of the oppressed, art, literature, reflective narratives, movies, the history of medicine, graphic medicine, poetry and diversity studies. As a result of the interactions, 28 volunteer participants, comprising students and faculty members, wrote reflective narratives on doctor​-patient relationships, produced a newsletter and a logo for their medical humanities group, and staged cultural performances and forum theatre...
March 29, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433239/shame-feeling-in-the-intensive-care-unit-patient-s-family-members
#2
Vasilios Koulouras, Zoe Konstanti, Dimitra Lepida, Georgios Papathanakos, Mary Gouva
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the levels of internal and external shame among family members of critically ill patients. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY/ DESIGN: This prospective study was conducted in 2012/2013 on family members of Intensive Care Unit patients using the Others As Shamer Scale and the Experiential Shame Scale questionnaires. SETTING: Greek university hospital. RESULTS: Two hundred and twenty-three family members mean-aged (41...
April 19, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432088/gps-and-paediatric-oncology-palliative-care-a-q-methodological-study
#3
Sue Neilson, Faith Gibson, Stephen Jeffares, Sheila M Greenfield
OBJECTIVE: This mixed-methods study set in the West Midlands region of the UK demonstrates the effectiveness of Q methodology in examining general practitioners' (GPs') perception of their role in children's oncology palliative care. METHODS: Using data obtained from the analysis of semistructured interviews with GPs who had cared for a child receiving palliative care at home and bereaved parents, 50 statements were identified as representative of the analysis findings...
April 21, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431033/emotional-intelligence-in-agenesis-of-the-corpus-callosum
#4
Luke B Anderson, Lynn K Paul, Warren S Brown
People with agenesis of the corpus callosum (AgCC) with normal general intelligence have deficits in complex cognitive processing, as well as in social cognition. It is uncertain the extent to which impoverished processing of emotions may contribute to social processing deficiencies. We used the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test to clarify the nature of emotional intelligence in 16 adults with AgCC. As hypothesized, persons with AgCC exhibited greater disparities from norms on tests involving more socially complex aspects of emotions...
May 1, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430140/-eat-as-if-you-could-save-the-planet-and-win-sustainability-integration-into-nutrition-for-exercise-and-sport
#5
Nanna Meyer, Alba Reguant-Closa
Today's industrial food production contributes significantly to environmental degradation. Meat production accounts for the largest impact, including greenhouse gas emissions, land and water use. While food production and consumption are important aspects when addressing climate change, this article focuses predominantly on dietary change that promotes both health for planet and people with focus on athletes. Healthy, sustainable eating recommendations begin to appear in various governmental guidelines. However, there remains resistance to the suggested reductions in meat consumption...
April 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427995/conditioned-taste-avoidance-conditioned-place-preference-and-hyperthermia-induced-by-the-second-generation-bath-salt-%C3%AE-pyrrolidinopentiophenone-%C3%AE-pvp
#6
Katharine H Nelson, Briana J Hempel, Matthew M Clasen, Kenner C Rice, Anthony L Riley
BACKGROUND: α-Pyrrolidinopentiophenone (α-PVP) has been reported to be rewarding in a variety of pre-clinical models. Given that a number of drugs of abuse have both rewarding and aversive effects, the balance of which influences addiction potential, the present study examined the aversive properties of α-PVP by assessing its ability to induce taste avoidance. This assessment was made in a combined taste avoidance/place conditioning design that also allowed an evaluation of the relationship between α-PVP's aversive and rewarding effects...
April 17, 2017: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422920/a-multi-year-assessment-of-a-hospital-school-program-to-promote-teen-motor-vehicle-safety
#7
Purnima Unni, Cristina M Estrada, Dai H Chung, Emily B Riley, Lesley Worsley-Hynd, Neil Stinson
BACKGROUND: Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death among teen drivers. The main goal of this program was to reduce texting while driving among high school teens through a unique peer-generated anti-texting campaign. METHODS: The program consisted of two phases. In Phase 1, student leaders participated in a half-day, hospital-based experiential program that emphasized safe teen driving. In Phase 2, these students conceptualized and implemented an anti-texting while driving campaign during the school year...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418116/-what-is-the-point-of-life-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis-of-suicide-in-young-menwith-first-episode-psychosis
#8
Ruchika Gajwani, Michael Larkin, Chris Jackson
BACKGROUND: Lifetime risk of suicide in first-episode psychosis far exceeds the general population, with the risk of suicide persisting long after first presentation. There is strong evidence to suggest that women more frequently attempt suicide, while men are at a greater risk of completing suicide. First-hand experiential evidence is needed in order to better understand men's motives for, and struggles with, suicidality in early psychosis. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 7 participants...
April 18, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409715/an-open-effectiveness-trial-of-a-multimodal-inpatient-treatment-for-depression-and-anxiety-among-adults-with-serious-mental-illness
#9
J Christopher Fowler, Joshua D Clapp, Alok Madan, Jon G Allen, B Christopher Frueh, John M Oldham
OBJECTIVE: This prospective open effectiveness trial examined symptom change trajectories and rates of remission from depression and anxiety in an intensive multimodal inpatient treatment for adults with serious mental illness (SMI). Patient baseline characteristics were examined as mediators/moderators of treatment response. METHODS: Adult inpatients with SMI (N = 994) completed an average of 39 days of inpatient treatment. Latent growth curve (LGC) methods were used to model symptom trajectories, estimating expected remission based on individual patterns of change observed across the sample...
2017: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406112/doctors-of-tomorrow-an-innovative-curriculum-connecting-underrepresented-minority-high-school-students-to-medical-school
#10
Jordan Derck, Kate Zahn, Jonathan F Finks, Simanjit Mand, Gurjit Sandhu
BACKGROUND: Racial minorities continue to be underrepresented in medicine (URiM). Increasing provider diversity is an essential component of addressing disparity in health delivery and outcomes. The pool of students URiM that are competitive applicants to medical school is often limited early on by educational inequalities in primary and secondary schooling. A growing body of evidence recognizing the importance of diversifying health professions advances the need for medical schools to develop outreach collaborations with primary and secondary schools to attract URiMs...
September 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401812/-listen-to-your-body-participants-alternative-to-science-in-online-health-discussions
#11
Wytske Versteeg, Hedwig Te Molder, Petra Sneijder
We present a discursive psychological analysis of how the idiomatic expression "Listen to Your Body" is deployed in online forum discussions about ADHD medication and aspartame. The Listen to Your Body device allows participants to demonstrate to others that they take their health seriously and for that reason avoid scientific knowledge. They contrast Listen to Your Body with "blindly following science," presenting Listen to Your Body as the more critical and, therefore, more rational behavior. Instead of treating the idiomatic expression as "anyone's knowledge," speakers and recipients compete for the right to own it...
March 1, 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401660/depression-anxiety-and-compulsive-sexual-behaviour-among-men-in-residential-treatment-for-substance-use-disorders-the-role-of-experiential-avoidance
#12
Meagan J Brem, Ryan C Shorey, Scott Anderson, Gregory L Stuart
Nearly one-third of individuals in treatment for substance use disorders endorse at-risk levels of compulsive sexual behaviours (CSBs). Untreated sexual compulsivity may facilitate relapse for treatment-seeking men. Previous research and theory suggest that CSBs are maintained by efforts to escape or alter negative affect (e.g., depression and anxiety). However, this hypothesis has not been examined within a sample of men in treatment for substance use disorders. In an effort to better understand CSBs within a population of men with substance use disorders, the present study is the first to examine experiential avoidance as one potential mechanism underlying the relation between men's symptoms of depression and anxiety and their use of CSBs...
April 11, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400742/whose-expertise-is-it-evidence-for-autistic-adults-as-critical-autism-experts
#13
Kristen Gillespie-Lynch, Steven K Kapp, Patricia J Brooks, Jonathan Pickens, Ben Schwartzman
Autistic and non-autistic adults' agreement with scientific knowledge about autism, how they define autism, and their endorsement of stigmatizing conceptions of autism has not previously been examined. Using an online survey, we assessed autism knowledge and stigma among 636 adults with varied relationships to autism, including autistic people and nuclear family members. Autistic participants exhibited more scientifically based knowledge than others. They were more likely to describe autism experientially or as a neutral difference, and more often opposed the medical model...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395940/abstract-and-experiential-thinking-differentially-account-for-anomalous-perception-of-reality-in-people-with-or-without-schizophrenia
#14
J J Ricarte, F Del Rey, L Ros, J M Latorre, F Berna
repetitive thinking is often increased in various psychopathological conditions. However, evidence for its possible contribution to psychotic symptoms relies only on correlational analysis and has not been experimentally tested within the psychotic continuum. This research aims to examine whether repetitive thinking about a negative past experience using concrete versus abstract processing might modify the reporting of anomalous sensory experiences. 89 patients with schizophrenia and 89 matched controls were asked to reflect on their most negative Self-Defining Memory during a thirty-minute period...
April 7, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395588/health-promotion-in-medical-education-lessons-from-a-major-undergraduate-curriculum-implementation
#15
Ann Wylie, Kathleen Leedham-Green
Despite the economic, environmental and patient-related imperatives to prepare medical students to become health promoting doctors, health promotion remains relatively deprioritised in medical curricula. This paper uses an in-depth case study of a health promotion curriculum implementation at a large UK medical school to provide insights into the experiences of teachers and learners across a range of topics, pedagogies, and teaching & assessment modalities. Topics included smoking cessation, behavioural change approaches to obesity, exercise prescribing, social prescribing, maternal and child health, public and global health; with pedagogies ranging from e-learning to practice-based project work...
April 10, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395570/long-term-benefits-by-a-mind-body-medicine-skills-course-on-perceived-stress-and-empathy-among-medical-and-nursing-students
#16
Marja van Vliet, Mats Jong, Miek C Jong
BACKGROUND: A significant number of medical students suffer from burnout symptoms and reduced empathy. This controlled, quasi-experimental study aimed to investigate whether a mind-body medicine (MBM) skills course could reduce perceived stress and increase empathy and self-reflection in medical and nursing students. METHODS: The MBM course (consisting of experiential sessions of mind-body techniques and group reflections) was piloted among Dutch medical students and Swedish nursing students...
April 10, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393337/-living-with-tolerable-burden-exploring-the-ethical-self-of-nurses-who-provide-end-of-life-care
#17
Ying-Chun Liu, Yu-Lun Tai, Hsien-Hsien Chiang
BACKGROUND: Providing end-of-life (EOL) care elicits complex emotions in nurses in the context of modern medicine. Nurses must not only watch their patients succumb to disease and death but also witness their suffering. PURPOSE: This qualitative study adopted the perspective of "the other", as proposed by Emmanuel Levinas, to understand the experience of nurses who provide EOL care and the possibilities of nurses build up their ethical selves within the context of modern medicine...
April 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393077/improving-health-and-reducing-comorbidity-associated-with-hiv-the-development-of-tavie-en-sant%C3%A3-a-web-based-tailored-intervention-to-support-the-adoption-of-health-promoting-behaviors-among-people-living-with-hiv
#18
José Côté, Sylvie Cossette, Pilar Ramirez-Garcia, Geneviève Rouleau, Patricia Auger, François Boudreau, Marie-Pierre Gagnon
Background. In the domain of health behavior change, the deployment and utilization of information and communications technologies as a way to deliver interventions appear to be promising. This article describes the development of a web-based tailored intervention, TAVIE en santé, to support people living with HIV in the adoption of healthy behaviors. Methods. This intervention was developed through an Intervention Mapping (IM) framework and is based on the theory of planned behavior. Results. Crucial steps of IM are the selection of key determinants of behavior and the selection of useful theory-based intervention methods to change the targeted determinants (active ingredients)...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390543/leadership-and-the-everyday-practice-of-consultant-radiographers-in-the-uk-transformational-ideals-and-the-generation-of-self-efficacy
#19
L Booth, S Henwood, P K Miller
INTRODUCTION: This paper outlines findings from a broader, two-year project investigating the role of Consultant Radiographers (CRs) in the UK, focussing specifically on the leadership aspect of that role. METHODS: Using a qualitative-thematic approach, the leadership-related experiences of a purposive sample of six participating CRs are explored, alongside the systems through which they evaluated how successful they had been as leaders. RESULTS: It is evidenced that many of the ways in which participants describe their own leadership practice, particularly in the intra-team domain, is consistent with the precepts of the Transformational Leadership Model...
May 2017: Radiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383508/regretting-ever-starting-to-smoke-results-from-a-2014-national-survey
#20
Pratibha Nayak, Terry F Pechacek, Paul Slovic, Michael P Eriksen
Background: The majority of smokers regret ever starting to smoke, yet the vast majority continue to smoke despite the fact that smoking kills nearly 50% of lifetime users. This study examined the relationships between regret and smoker characteristics, quit history, risk perceptions, experiential thinking, and beliefs and intentions at time of smoking initiation. Methods: Data from the 2014 Tobacco Products and Risk Perceptions Survey, a nationally representative survey of United States adults, were analyzed to provide the latest prevalence estimates of regret and potential predictors...
April 6, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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