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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150401/choose-health-food-fun-and-fitness-an-experiential-youth-curriculum-that-promotes-healthy-eating-and-active-play
#1
Wendy S Wolfe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146466/causal-mapping-of-emotion-networks-in-the-human-brain-framework-and-initial-findings
#2
Julien Dubois, Hiroyuki Oya, J Michael Tyszka, Matthew Howard, Frederick Eberhardt, Ralph Adolphs
Emotions involve many cortical and subcortical regions, prominently including the amygdala. It remains unknown how these multiple network components interact, and it remains unknown how they cause the behavioral, autonomic, and experiential effects of emotions. Here we describe a framework for combining a novel technique, concurrent electrical stimulation with fMRI (es-fMRI), together with a novel analysis, inferring causal structure from fMRI data (causal discovery). We outline a research program for investigating human emotion with these new tools, and provide initial findings from two large resting-state datasets as well as case studies in neurosurgical patients with electrical stimulation of the amygdala...
November 13, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146068/applying-the-reasoned-action-approach-to-understanding-health-protection-and-health-risk-behaviors
#3
Mark Conner, Rosemary McEachan, Rebecca Lawton, Peter Gardner
RATIONALE: The Reasoned Action Approach (RAA) developed out of the Theory of Reasoned Action and Theory of Planned Behavior but has not yet been widely applied to understanding health behaviors. The present research employed the RAA in a prospective design to test predictions of intention and action for groups of protection and risk behaviors separately in the same sample. OBJECTIVE: To test the RAA for health protection and risk behaviors. METHOD: Measures of RAA components plus past behavior were taken in relation to eight protection and six risk behaviors in 385 adults...
October 22, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144997/examination-of-a-therapeutic-recreation-based-clinical-placement-for-undergraduate-nursing-students-a-self-determined-perspective
#4
Dana Perlman, Ellie Taylor, Lorna Moxham, Susan Sumskis, Christopher Patterson, Renee Brighton, Tim Heffernan
Nursing students across the globe are expected to undertake clinical placements. To date, there have been no studies that have examined the potential educational benefits for undergraduate nursing students engaged in a mental health clinical placement grounded in self-determination theory. The present study examined the experiences of undergraduate students engaged in a mental health clinical placement termed Recovery Camp. An ethnographic methodology within a case study approach was used. The researchers were immersed in the clinical placement, which took place at a YMCA camp facility...
November 10, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143629/from-erasure-to-opportunity-a-qualitative-study-of-the-experiences-of-transgender-men-around-pregnancy-and-recommendations-for-providers
#5
Alexis Hoffkling, Juno Obedin-Maliver, Jae Sevelius
BACKGROUND: Some transgender men retain their uterus, get pregnant, and give birth. However, societal attitudes about gender have erected barriers to openly being pregnant and giving birth as a transgender man. Little research exists regarding transgender men's reproductive needs. Anecdotal observations suggest that social change and increasing empowerment of transgender men may result in increasing frequency and openness about pregnancy and birth. Specific needs around conception, pregnancy, and newborn care may arise from transphobia, exogenous testosterone exposure, or from having had (or desiring) gender-affirming surgery...
November 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140918/integrating-social-determinants-of-health-into-graduate-medical-education-a-call-for-action
#6
Jennifer Siegel, David L Coleman, Thea James
Social determinants of health (SDH) are the major drivers of health and disparate health outcomes across communities and populations. Given this, the authors assert that competency in recognizing and mitigating SDH should become a vital component of graduate medical education in all specialties. While the most effective approaches to educating trainees about SDH are uncertain, in this Invited Commentary, the authors offer several key principles for implementing curricula focusing on SDH. These include universalization of the material, integration into clinical education, identification of space for trainee introspection, clarification of specific competencies in identification and mitigation of SDH, and creation of robust faculty development programming...
November 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140501/understanding-the-association-between-negative-symptoms-and-performance-on-effort-based-decision-making-tasks-the-importance-of-defeatist-performance-beliefs
#7
L Felice Reddy, William P Horan, Deanna M Barch, Robert W Buchanan, James M Gold, Stephen R Marder, Jonathan K Wynn, Jared Young, Michael F Green
Effort-based decision-making paradigms are increasingly utilized to gain insight into the nature of motivation deficits. Research has shown associations between effort-based decision making and experiential negative symptoms; however, the associations are not consistent. The current study had two primary goals. First, we aimed to replicate previous findings of a deficit in effort-based decision making among individuals with schizophrenia on a test of cognitive effort. Second, in a large sample combined from the current and a previous study, we sought to examine the association between negative symptoms and effort by including the related construct of defeatist beliefs...
November 13, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132340/what-do-japanese-residents-learn-from-treating-dying-patients-the-implications-for-training-in-end-of-life-care
#8
Kazuko Arai, Takuya Saiki, Rintaro Imafuku, Chihiro Kawakami, Kazuhiko Fujisaki, Yasuyuki Suzuki
BACKGROUND: How medical residents' experiences with care for dying patients affect their emotional well-being, their learning outcomes, and the formation of their professional identities is not fully understood. We examine residents' emotional states and learning occurring during the provision of care to dying patients and specifically discuss the impact of providing end-of-life (EOL) care on professional identity formation. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 13 residents who had graduated in the last 3 to 5 years...
November 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131729/yoga-communities-and-eating-disorders-creating-safe-space-for-positive-embodiment
#9
Catherine Cook-Cottone, Laura Lee Douglass
With adequate education and guidance, yoga communities, as part of the therapeutic landscape in the 21st century, can play a significant role promoting positive embodiment for those with, and at-risk for, eating disorders (EDs). To do this, yoga teachers need to know how to create a body-positive community and be able to recognize and respond to those at risk and struggling with EDs in their communities. In order to address yoga teaching methods associated with EDs and ED risk, broader conceptual approaches and specific practices associated with positive embodiment are offered...
November 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131720/dimensions-of-experience-exploring-the-heterogeneity-of-the-wandering-mind
#10
Hao-Ting Wang, Giulia Poerio, Charlotte Murphy, Danilo Bzdok, Elizabeth Jefferies, Jonathan Smallwood
The tendency for the mind to wander to concerns other than the task at hand is a fundamental feature of human cognition, yet the consequences of variations in its experiential content for psychological functioning are not well understood. Here, we adopted multivariate pattern analysis to simultaneously decompose experience-sampling data and neural functional-connectivity data, which revealed dimensions that simultaneously describe individual variation in self-reported experience and default-mode-network connectivity...
November 1, 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130867/using-the-experience-sampling-method-to-examine-the-psychological-mechanisms-by-which-participatory-art-improves-wellbeing
#11
Nicola J Holt
AIMS: To measure the immediate impact of art-making in everyday life on diverse indices of wellbeing ('in the moment' and longer term) in order to improve understanding of the psychological mechanisms by which art may improve mental health. METHODS: Using the experience-sampling method, 41 artists were prompted (with a 'beep' on a handheld computer) at random intervals (10 times a day, for one week) to answer a short questionnaire. The questionnaire tracked art-making and enquired about mood, cognition and state of consciousness...
November 1, 2017: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130440/development-and-pilot-evaluation-of-a-novel-theory-based-intervention-to-encourage-help-seeking-for-adult-hearing-loss
#12
Gabrielle H Saunders, Melissa T Frederick, ShienPei C Silverman, Claus Nielsen, Ariane Laplante-Lévesque
BACKGROUND: Health behavior theories can provide an understanding of hearing health behaviors and, more importantly, can be used to develop theoretically based strategies to change these health behaviors. PURPOSE: To develop a theory-based brief intervention to increase help-seeking for adult hearing loss and to conduct a pilot study to evaluate its feasibility, effectiveness, and impact on hearing beliefs and behaviors. RESEARCH DESIGN: An intervention was designed that could be easily administered by a health-care provider who does not have expertise in audiology-such as a primary care physician, community nurse, or social worker...
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130125/towards-the-womb-of-neonatal-intensive-care
#13
Michael A van Manen
Within the mother's womb, life finds its first stirrings. The womb shelters the fetus, the growing child within. We recognize the existential traces of a wombed existence when a newborn calms in response to being held; when a newborn stills in response to his or her mother's heartbeat; and, when a newborn startles in the presence of bright light. Yet, how does experiential human life begin within another human being? What are the conditions and paths of becoming for the fetus within the womb? And for the child born early, what "womb" welcomes the premature child in neonatal intensive care?...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129122/convergence-and-divergence-an-analysis-of-mechanical-restraints
#14
Jean Daniel Jacob, Dave Holmes, Désiré Rioux, Pascale Corneau, Colleen MacPhee
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric nurses are regularly confronted with the uses and effects of control interventions such as mechanical restraints. Although there are evident tensions in the literature regarding the use of mechanical restraints, very little research has focused on the lived and embodied experience of their use, whether from the patient's perspective or the perspective of nursing staff responsible for their application. Research aims: (1) to gain access to the bodily phenomenon of being placed in mechanical restraints; (2) to give voice to the intimate experiential understanding of this experience; and (3) through phenomenological interpretation, to understand the subjective processes and meaning-making of this experience...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128326/cognitive-remediation-can-improve-negative-symptoms-and-social-functioning-in-first-episode-schizophrenia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Joseph Ventura, Kenneth L Subotnik, Denise Gretchen-Doorly, Laurie Casaus, Michael Boucher, Gerhard S Hellemann, Keith H Nuechterlein
BACKGROUND: Meta-analyses have reported that the effects of cognitive remediation might go beyond improvement in cognition to include unexpected benefits for schizophrenia patients such as negative symptom reduction and improvements in functioning. In addition, some evidence indicated that these potentially beneficial effects are also present in the initial course of schizophrenia, but work in this area is still developing. METHOD: A RCT compared Cognitive Remediation (CR) to Healthy Behaviors Training (HBT) in 80 patients (78% male) with a mean age of 21...
November 8, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125051/how-to-become-proficient-in-performance-of-the-resting-ankle-brachial-index-results-of-the-first-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Céline Donnou, Ségolène Chaudru, Olivier Stivalet, Eunice Paul, Marie Charasson, Jean-Marc Selli, Chadi Mauger, Anthony Chapron, Alexis Le Faucheur, Vincent Jaquinandi, Guillaume Mahé
The resting ankle-brachial index (ABI) is a first-line test to diagnose peripheral artery disease (PAD). No randomized controlled trial (RCT) has yet been conducted to determine the best teaching method to become proficient in the ABI procedure. We conducted a monocentric RCT to determine whether didactic learning alone or didactic learning combined with experiential learning improved proficiency in the ABI procedure. Medical students ( n = 30) received didactic learning, including (i) a presentation of the ABI guidelines and (ii) a video demonstration...
November 1, 2017: Vascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124412/evaluation-of-a-short-formation-on-the-performance-of-point-of-care-renal-ultrasound-performed-by-physicians-without-previous-ultrasound-skills-prospective-observational-study
#17
François Javaudin, François Mounier, Philippe Pes, Idriss Arnaudet, Frédéric Vignaud, Eric Frampas, Philippe Le Conte
BACKGROUND: Point-of-Care Ultrasound (PoCUS) is recommended by emergency medicine societies for the detection of hydronephrosis. Training of certified Emergency Physicians (EP) without prior ultrasound experience remains debated. We investigate performance of a brief training session for the detection of hydronephrosis with PoCUS performed by EP without previous ultrasound experience. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a prospective observational study of a convenience sample of patients older than 18 years with presumed renal colic, acute pyelonephritis or documented acute renal failure...
November 9, 2017: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120252/interprofessional-ethics-education-seminar-for-undergraduate-health-science-students-a-pilot-study
#18
Kathleen Cino, Rita Austin, Cristina Casa, Christine Nebocat, Adele Spencer
To prepare for the modern collaborative healthcare system, health science academia is charged with educating future professionals to be competent members of the interprofessional team. The purpose of this pilot study was to assess self-efficacy for interprofessional education (IPE) in medical laboratory technology, dental hygiene, and nursing students before and after an IPE session. The specific topic of ethics was the focus of the session. The interprofessional seminar was designed to compare the codes of ethics from each programme through discussion and a case-based approach...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111496/direct-experience-while-eating-laboratory-outcomes-among-individuals-with-eating-disorders-versus-healthy-controls
#19
Matilde Elices, Cristina Carmona, Vanessa Narváez, Victoria Seto, Ana Martin-Blanco, Juan C Pascual, José Soriano, Joaquim Soler
OBJECTIVE: To compare individuals with eating disorders (EDs) to healthy controls (HCs) to assess for differences in direct engagement in the eating process. METHOD: Participants (n=58) were asked to eat an orange slice. To assess the degree of direct engagement with the eating process, participants were asked to write down 10 thoughts about the experience of eating the orange slice. Next, the participants were instructed to classify the main focus of each thought as either experiential ("direct experience") or analytical ("thinking about")...
October 28, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111464/participant-reported-benefits-of-involvement-in-an-adaptive-sports-program-a-qualitative-study
#20
Emma C Lape, Jeffrey N Katz, Elena Losina, Hannah M Kerman, Marissa A Gedman, Cheri A Blauwet
BACKGROUND: While participation in adaptive sports offers numerous benefits for persons with disabilities, a substantial number of eligible persons do not take part. Previous studies have identified personal and environmental factors that promote or inhibit adaptive sports participation. However, these studies have considered a relatively narrow range of factors. OBJECTIVE: Use qualitative research techniques to identify novel factors that influence participation in a community-based adaptive sports program...
October 27, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
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