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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785227/alterations-in-the-three-components-of-selfhood-in-persons-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-a-pilot-qeeg-neuroimaging-study
#1
Andrew A Fingelkurts, Alexander A Fingelkurts
Background and Objective: Understanding how trauma impacts the self-structure of individuals suffering from the Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) symptoms is a complex matter and despite several attempts to explain the relationship between trauma and the "Self", this issue still lacks clarity. Therefore, adopting a new theoretical perspective may help understand PTSD deeper and to shed light on the underlying psychophysiological mechanisms. Methods: In this study, we employed the "three-dimensional construct model of the experiential selfhood" where three major components of selfhood (phenomenal first-person agency, embodiment, and reflection/narration) are related to three Operational Modules (OMs) of the self-referential brain network...
2018: Open Neuroimaging Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784226/the-mediating-role-of-repetitive-negative-thinking-and-experiential-avoidance-on-the-relationship-between-childhood-trauma-and-depression
#2
Firoozeh Ghazanfari, Mehdi Rezaei, Fatemeh Rezaei
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783872/global-mental-health-and-the-national-institute-of-mental-health-research-domain-criteria
#3
Stevan Merill Weine, Scott Langenecker, Aliriza Arenliu
BACKGROUND: The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) project presents innovative ways of investigating mental illness based on behavioral and neurobiological measures of dimensional processes. Although cultural psychiatrists have critiqued RDoC's implications and limitations for its under-developed focus on context and experience, RDoC presents opportunities for synergies with global mental health. It can capture aspects of clinical or sub-clinical behavior which are less dependent upon Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779431/translation-and-cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-pregnancy-physical-activity-questionnaire-ppaq-into-spanish
#4
Irene Coll-Risco, Daniel Camiletti-Moirón, Pedro Acosta-Manzano, Virginia A Aparicio
AIM: The objective of this study was to translate and transculturally adapt into Spanish the Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire. METHODS: The translation procedure included a forward step (translation and synthesis) and a quantitative and qualitative control of the usefulness of the Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire. Afterwards, a prefinal version of the Spanish adapted questionnaire was pretested on 58 pregnant women from Granada (south of Spain)...
May 20, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776782/an-intervention-to-increase-students-physical-activity-a-2-year-pilot-study
#5
R Glenn Weaver, Collin A Webster, Michael W Beets, Keith Brazendale, Lauren Schisler, Mazen Aziz
INTRODUCTION: Schools are called upon to provide children with 30 minutes/day of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Most school-based physical activity interventions have not targeted schools that serve children from low-income families. This study evaluated the effects of a pilot, competency-building professional development program on the school day MVPA and total activity (light- to vigorous-intensity activity) of students from schools that serve low-income families. STUDY DESIGN: Single group intervention with multiple follow-up repeated cross-sectional measures...
May 15, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773757/neural-signatures-of-the-processing-of-temporal-patterns-in-sound
#6
Björn Herrmann, Ingrid S Johnsrude
The ability to detect regularities in sound (i.e., recurring structure) is critical for effective perception, enabling, for example, change detection and prediction. Two seemingly unconnected lines of research concern the neural operations involved in processing regularities: one investigates how neural activity synchronizes with temporal regularities (e.g., frequency modulation; FM) in sounds, whereas the other focuses on increases in sustained activity during stimulation with repeating tone-frequency patterns...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767569/teaching-tip-development-of-veterinary-anesthesia-simulations-for-pre-clinical-training-design-implementation-and-evaluation-based-on-student-perspectives
#7
Jana L Jones, Jim Rinehart, Jacqueline Jordan Spiegel, Ryane E Englar, Brian K Sidaway, Joie Rowles
Anesthesia simulations have been used in pre-clinical medical training for decades to help learners gain confidence and expertise in an operating room environment without danger to a live patient. The authors describe a veterinary anesthesia simulation environment (VASE) with anesthesia scenarios developed to provide a re-creation of a veterinarian's task environment while performing anesthesia. The VASE uses advanced computer technology with simulator inputs provided from standard monitoring equipment in common use during veterinary anesthesia and a commercial canine training mannequin that allows intubation, ventilation, and venous access...
2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765209/using-the-frailty-assessment-for-care-planning-tool-fact-to-screen-elderly-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-for-frailty-the-nurse-experience
#8
Heather Moffatt, Paige Moorhouse, Laurie Mallery, David Landry, Karthik Tennankore
Purpose: Recent evidence supports the prognostic significance of frailty for functional decline and poor health outcomes in patients with chronic kidney disease. Yet, despite the development of clinical tools to screen for frailty, little is known about the experiential impact of screening for frailty in this setting. The Frailty Assessment for Care Planning Tool (FACT) evaluates frailty across 4 domains: mobility, function, social circumstances, and cognition. The purpose of this qualitative study was as follows: 1) explore the nurse experience of screening for frailty using the FACT tool in a specialized outpatient renal clinic; 2) determine how, if at all, provider perceptions of frailty changed after implementation of the frailty screening tool; and 3) determine the perceived factors that influence uptake and administration of the FACT screening tool in a specialized clinical setting...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764647/a-preceptor-competency-framework-for-pharmacists-part-2-of-a-3-part-series
#9
REVIEW
Sheila Walter, Katrina Mulherin, Craig D Cox
BACKGROUND: Pharmacy faculties in Canada are transitioning to the doctor of pharmacy degree which will require approximately one-third of curricula contact time in experiential education. Preceptors will be responsible for delivering this experiential component and many have received little or no training in how to be an effective educator. Although training is mandated through accreditation standards, competencies to serve as a foundation for preceptor development have yet to be created...
March 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764633/national-preceptor-development-program-pdp-prototype-the-third-of-a-3-part-series
#10
Craig D Cox, Katrina Mulherin, Sheila Walter
INTRODUCTION: Preceptor development is critical to successful delivery of experiential learning. Although many preceptor development programs exist, a more individualized approach to training is needed. To accomplish this a national preceptor development program should be considered based on the continuing professional development model. A detailed prototype for this program has been described. METHODS: In this final installment of the series, the twelve evidence-based recommendations from the first installment were utilized to construct a prototype for a preceptor development program...
March 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764628/national-preceptor-development-program-pdp-influential-evidence-and-theory-the-first-of-a-3-part-series
#11
Katrina Mulherin, Sheila Walter, Craig D Cox
INTRODUCTION: Priority #3 of the Canadian Experiential Education Project for Pharmacy provided evidence-based guidance for the design and implementation of a national approach to preceptor development. In this first article (of three), findings from the project and recommendations to achieve a high-quality preceptor development program (PDP) are presented. METHODS: A multi-method approach including detailed semi-structured interviews, classic literature review, and advisory committee feedback was employed...
March 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763941/comprehensive-surgical-strategies-for-the-management-of-pachydermoperiostosis
#12
Du Taichao, Luo Fuling, Zhao Hengguang
The cosmetic and functional deformities induced by thickened folds and furrows are the main complaints of patients in pachydermoperiostosis (PDP). However, traditional drug therapy only has a limited effect for its unclear genetic pathogenesis. Surgical treatment has now become one of the optimal strategies mainly aiming for its cosmetic improvement. Here we describe a comprehensive management of PDP approached with surgical procedure thereby showing markedly improved cosmetic outcome. Experientially, the surgical treatment of PDP is effective and may be preferentially recommended for PDP patients especially of severe degree...
May 15, 2018: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757091/striving-for-liminality-eating-disorders-and-social-suffering
#13
Karin Eli
In this article, I argue that eating disorders constitute a form of social suffering, in which sufferers embody liminality as a response to, and a reflection of, oppressive sociality, structural violence, and institutional constraints. Based on the illness narratives of people with anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and their subclinical variants in Israel, the analysis draws the experiential, the social, and the structural into critical focus. These narratives, which delineate lived experiences of self-starving, bingeing, and purging, and the attendant viscerality of hunger, fullness, and emptiness, reveal how participants developed an embodied drawing inward and away, being at once within and without society for extended periods of time, through eating disordered practices...
January 1, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755178/experiential-wellbeing-data-from-the-american-time-use-survey-comparisons-with-other-methods-and-analytic-illustrations-with-age-and-income
#14
Arthur A Stone, Stefan Schneider, Alan Krueger, Joseph E Schwartz, Angus Deaton
There has been a recent upsurge of interest in self-reported measures of wellbeing by official statisticians and by researchers in the social sciences. This paper considers data from a wellbeing supplement to the American Time Use Survey (ATUS), which parsed the previous day into episodes. Respondents provided ratings of five experiential wellbeing adjectives (happiness, stress, tiredness, sadness, and pain) for each of three randomly selected episodes. Because the ATUS Well-being module has not received very much attention, in this paper we provide the reader with details about the features of these data and our approach to analyzing the data (e...
February 2018: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753782/accounting-for-optical-errors-in-microtensiometry
#15
Zachary R Hinton, Nicolas J Alvarez
HYPOTHESIS: Drop shape analysis (DSA) techniques measure interfacial tension subject to error in image analysis and the optical system. While considerable efforts have been made to minimize image analysis errors, very little work has treated optical errors. There are two main sources of error when considering the optical system: the angle of misalignment and the choice of focal plane. Due to the convoluted nature of these sources, small angles of misalignment can lead to large errors in measured curvature...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751361/the-behavioral-pediatrics-feeding-assessment-scale-is-a-reliable-and-valid-tool-for-greek-children
#16
Katerina S L T Sdravou, Athanasios Evangeliou, Kyriaki Tentzidou, Fotini Sotiriadou, Eleanna Stasinou, Maria Fotoulaki
Development of normal feeding is a highly complex sensorimotor process that depends upon the integration of neurological maturation, internal motivation and experiential learning (1-3). Disruption of the child's feeding process can lead to feeding problems during infancy and early childhood. One of the most widely used and validated scales for measuring whether a child's feeding problem has clinical significance is the Behavioral Pediatric Feeding Assessment Scale (BPFAS) (4). The objective of this study was to translate the BPFAS into Greek and culturally adapt the scale to evaluate the psychometric properties among the Greek parents of normally developing children...
May 11, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750248/physician-preparedness-for-big-genomic-data-a-review-of-genomic-medicine-education-initiatives-in-the-united-states
#17
Caryn Kseniya Rubanovich, Cynthia Cheung, Jess Mandel, Cinnamon S Bloss
In the last decade, genomic medicine education initiatives have surfaced across the spectrum of physician training in order to help address a gap in genomic medicine preparedness among physicians. The approaches are diverse and stem from the belief that 21st century physicians must be proficient in genomic medicine applications as they will be leaders in the precision medicine movement. We conducted a review of literature in genomic medicine education and training for medical students, graduate medical education, and practicing physicians with articles published between June 2015 and January 2018 to gain a picture of the current state of genomic medicine education with a focus on the United States...
May 10, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740806/-scarier-than-another-storm-values-at-risk-in-the-mapping-and-insuring-of-us-floodplains
#18
Rebecca Elliott
How do people respond to the ways in which insurance mediates environmental risks? Socio-cultural risk research has characterized and analyzed the experiential dimension of risk, but has yet to focus on insurance, which is a key institution shaping how people understand and relate to risk. Insurance not only assesses and communicates risk; it also economizes it, making the problem on the ground not just one of risk, but also of value. This article addresses these issues with an investigation of the social life of the flood insurance rate map, the central technology of the U...
May 8, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740361/-gold-standards-plurality-and-monocultures-the-need-for-diversity-in-psychotherapy
#19
Falk Leichsenring, Allan Abbass, Mark J Hilsenroth, Patrick Luyten, Thomas Munder, Sven Rabung, Christiane Steinert
For psychotherapy of mental disorders, presently several approaches are available, such as interpersonal, humanistic, systemic, psychodynamic or cognitive behavior therapy (CBT). Pointing to the available evidence, proponents of CBT claim that CBT is the gold standard. Some authors even argue for an integrated CBT-based form of psychotherapy as the only form of psychotherapy. CBT undoubtedly has its strengths and CBT researchers have to be credited for developing and testing treatments for many mental disorders...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736327/the-effect-of-using-games-in-teaching-conservation
#20
Cedric Kai Wei Tan, Jiin Woei Lee, Adeline Hii, Yen Yi Loo, Ahimsa Campos-Arceiz, David W Macdonald
Games are an increasingly popular approach for conservation teaching. However, we know little about the effectiveness of the games on students' experiences and knowledge acquisition. Many current games are supplemental games (SG) that have no meaningful interaction with the subject matter. We adapted the experiential gaming (EG) model where students were immersed in goal-orientated tasks found in real-life situations, and they tackled questions to complete actions for their main task. Classroom-based games were created for eight different conservation topics for an annual Wildlife Conservation Course and an annual Diploma in International Wildlife Conservation Practice...
2018: PeerJ
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