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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324362/x-ray-system-simulation-software-tools-for-radiology-and-radiography-education
#1
Stephen M Kengyelics, Laura A Treadgold, Andrew G Davies
OBJECTIVES: To develop x-ray simulation software tools to support delivery of radiological science education for a range of learning environments and audiences including individual study, lectures, and tutorials. METHODS: Two software tools were developed; one simulated x-ray production for a simple two dimensional radiographic system geometry comprising an x-ray source, beam filter, test object and detector. The other simulated the acquisition and display of two dimensional radiographic images of complex three dimensional objects using a ray casting algorithm through three dimensional mesh objects...
December 13, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322357/community-peer-led-falls-prevention-presentations-what-do-the-experts-suggest
#2
Linda A M Khong, Richard G Berlach, Keith D Hill, Anne-Marie Hill
Falls among older adults are a major problem. Despite considerable progress in falls prevention research, older adults often show low motivation to engage in recommended preventive strategies. Peer-led falls prevention education for older adults may have potential for bridging the research evidence-practice gap, thereby promoting the uptake of falls prevention strategies. We evaluated peer educators' presentations of falls prevention education to community-dwelling older adults in regard to established criteria that were consistent with adult learning principles, the framework of health behaviour change, falls prevention guidelines, and recommendations for providing falls prevention information...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318733/culture-change-and-mandating-quality-improvement
#3
Thomas Bartlett, Edward Hewertson, Michael Vassallo
BACKGROUND: A mandatory programme of quality improvement (QI) education was developed for newly qualified Foundation Year 1 (FY1) doctors to complete their curriculum requirements. Their perceptions were evaluated to refine the programme. METHODS: The programme delivered theoretical and experiential learning. Participants were asked to form groups and to come up with their own projects addressing the areas of need that they had identified. The 9-month group project included formal teaching and a formal presentation to the hospital...
January 10, 2018: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315542/making-unformulated-experience-real-through-painting-painting-and-psychoanalytic-psychotherapy-practice-as-two-ways-of-making-sense
#4
Karen M Schwartz
I contend that painting, like psychoanalytic psychotherapy, is an intersubjective process able to connect hearts and minds of painters and viewers alike, because the creative process of making a painting brings painters into more complex and more animated relationship with themselves. My own painting process is largely nonverbal. Interactions between me and my evolving artwork-in-process reveal experiences, thoughts, and feelings not yet formulated in words, and so, not available explicitly to conscious awareness until visual representation allows questions of meaning and intention to be thought about and elaborated in the usual, verbal sense...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309770/a-sub-set-of-psychoactive-effects-may-be-critical-to-the-behavioral-impact-of-ketamine-on-cocaine-use-disorder-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-laboratory-study
#5
REVIEW
E Dakwar, E V Nunes, C L Hart, M C Hu, R W Foltin, F R Levin
Efforts to translate sub-anesthetic ketamine infusions into widespread clinical use have centered around developing medications with comparable neurobiological activity, but with attenuated psychoactive effects so as to minimize the risk of behavioral toxicity and abuse liability. Converging lines of research, however, suggest that some of the psychoactive effects of sub-anesthetic ketamine may have therapeutic potential. Here, we assess whether a subset of these effects - the so-called mystical-type experience - mediates the effect of ketamine on craving and cocaine use in cocaine dependent research volunteers...
January 5, 2018: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308943/which-knowledge-an-examination-of-the-knowledge-at-play-in-physiotherapy-with-children
#6
Wenche Bjorbaekmo, Hilde Stendal Robinson, Elvind Engebretsen
This article explores how knowledge is expressed and enacted in the practice of physiotherapy with children. The empirical material was generated through close observation of seven physiotherapy treatment sessions involving 7 children between 6 and 11 years old and 5 physiotherapists. Observations were undertaken by the first author, whose post-session written notes, along with comments and questions, constitute the database of this article. Through processing and analysis of data, we have written and present three experiential anecdotes as basis for further analysis and discussion...
January 8, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306818/types-of-avoidance-in-hair-pulling-disorder-trichotillomania-an-exploratory-and-confirmatory-analysis
#7
Reneta Slikboer, David J Castle, Maja Nedeljkovic, Susan L Rossell
Hair-pulling disorder (HPD) or Trichotillomania is a complex disorder with frequent relapses. Avoidance has been highlighted as an important behavioural feature in HPD. To improve our understanding of avoidance, two studies were conducted to identify the types of avoidance that may be experienced by those who pull hair. Internet questionnaires were used to collect data. Data from study one was split into two subsets. An exploratory factor analysis was conducted to identify the different types of avoidance experienced by those reporting symptoms of hair pulling (subset one, n = 278), followed by a confirmatory factor analysis (subset two, n = 295)...
December 29, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304348/suicide-specific-rumination-relates-to-lifetime-suicide-attempts-above-and-beyond-a-variety-of-other-suicide-risk-factors
#8
Megan L Rogers, Thomas E Joiner
Suicide-specific rumination, defined as a mental fixation on one's suicidal thoughts, intentions, and plans, may be an important predictor of suicidal behavior. To date, suicide-specific rumination has demonstrated convergence with, yet distinction from, a variety of suicide risk factors, and differentiated suicide attempters from ideators. However, no research has examined whether suicide-specific rumination is associated with lifetime suicide attempts above and beyond the presence of a host of other relevant suicide risk factors...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303027/does-experiential-avoidance-mediate-the-relationship-between-gender-role-conflict-and-psychological-distress
#9
Jason S Spendelow, H Eli Joubert
Psychological inflexibility or experiential avoidance (EA) is an important construct in the understanding of psychological distress. Both EA and many forms of masculinity can be characterized by inflexibility in men's responses to negative intrapersonal experiences. The current cross-sectional, community-based study investigated whether experiential avoidance mediated the relationship between gender role conflict (GRC) and psychological distress (PD). A total of 120 men ( M = 35.63, SD = 12.22) completed an online questionnaire measuring key study variables...
December 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302095/the-report-of-the-2016-2017-professional-affairs-standing-committee-formally-embracing-and-engaging-preceptors-in-the-academy-the-time-has-come
#10
Karen Whalen Chair, Daniel S Aistrope, Jason Ausili, Kathleen H Besinque, Elizabeth A Cardello, Philip M Hritcko, George E MacKinnon, Eric Maroyka, Elizabeth Sutton Burke, I Shane Trent, Lynette R Bradley-Baker
The 2016-2017 AACP Professional Affairs Committee (PAC) was charged to examine strategies to include adjunct/affiliate preceptors as AACP members and to determine the value proposition of AACP membership for this group of educators. The PAC defined adjunct/affiliate preceptors as preceptors who are neither full-time employees nor have a primary employment commitment (≥50% of the preceptor's work salary) at a school/college of pharmacy. Specific charges to the PAC included: recommend an approach to increase the number of adjunct/affiliate preceptors as AACP members, examine AACP membership from an adjunct/affiliate preceptor value perspective, and prepare a concise summary of available literature describing value-added contributions of student pharmacists and pharmacy preceptors to pharmacy practice models, interprofessional education (IPE) and interprofessional practice (IPP)...
November 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302086/reassessment-of-health-system-capacity-for-experiential-education-requirements
#11
Matthew J Gibson, Lynette R Bradley-Baker, Colleen G Bush, Steven P Nelson
Objective. To provide an update to the 2007 ASHP-AACP survey by examining the current capacity of hospitals/health systems' ability to conduct experiential education for doctor of pharmacy students. Methods. Pharmacists identified as pharmacy directors were sent an invitation to participate in an online survey tool. The survey tool asked IPPE- and APPE-specific questions, the nature of support provided by colleges/schools of pharmacy, the types of experiences available for students, and the factors influencing the quality, value, and challenges of experiential education...
November 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302085/nordic-pharmacy-schools-experience-in-communication-skills-training
#12
Karin Svensberg, Ingunn Björnsdottir, Andy Wallman, Sofia Kälvemark Sporrong
Objective. To assess communication skills training at Nordic pharmacy schools and explore ways for improvement. Methods. E-mail questionnaires were developed and distributed with the aim to explore current practice and course leaders' opinions regarding teaching of patient communication skills at all the 11 master level Nordic (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden) pharmacy schools. The questionnaires contained both closed- and open-ended questions. Results. There was a variation of patient communication skills training among schools...
November 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302084/current-practices-in-hosting-non-us-pharmacy-students-at-us-pharmacy-schools-in-experiential-clerkships
#13
REVIEW
Sara Al-Dahir, Naser Z Alsharif, Shaun E Gleason, Toyin Tofade, Emily K Flores, Michael Katz, Emily K Dornblaser
Objective: To provide specific considerations for hosting non-U.S. pharmacy students at U.S.-based colleges/schools of pharmacy (C/SOP) for experiential clerkships and training. Findings: A literature review (2000-2016) in PubMed, Google Scholar and IPA databases was conducted using specific keywords. Recommendations and future directions for development of experiential rotations for non-U.S. students in U.S. experiential rotations are presented for both the home and host country. Summary articles and best practices across the disciplines, as well as expert opinion, were found across U...
November 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301513/testicular-self-examination-among-bahir-dar-university-students-application-of-integrated-behavioral-model
#14
Hordofa Gutema, Yamrot Debela, Bizuayehu Walle, Kidist Reba, Habtamu Wondiye
BACKGROUND: Though the incidence of Testicular cancer among young is rising, little attention is given to promoting testicular self-examination which is recommended for its early prevention in developing countries. This study aimed to assess testicular self-examination and associated factors among Bahir Dar University students using integrated behavioral model. METHODS: Cross sectional study was conducted among Bahir Dar University students in September, 2016. Systematic sampling technique was used to select 884 participants...
January 4, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288323/impact-of-holistic-review-on-student-interview-pool-diversity
#15
Christina J Grabowski
Diversity in the physician workforce lags behind the rapidly changing US population. Since the gateway to becoming a physician is medical school, diversity must be addressed in the admissions process. The Association of American Medical Colleges has implemented a Holistic Review Initiative aimed at assisting medical schools with broadening admission criteria to include relevant, mission-driven attributes and experiences in addition to academic preparation to identify applicants poised to meet the needs of a diverse patient population...
December 29, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284489/the-ethical-relevance-of-the-unconscious
#16
REVIEW
Michele Farisco, Kathinka Evers
BACKGROUND: Ethical analyses of disorders of consciousness traditionally focus on residual awareness. Going one step further, this paper explores the potential ethical relevance of the unawareness retained by patients with disorders of consciousness, focusing specifically on the ethical implications of the description of the unconscious provided by recent scientific research. METHODS: A conceptual methodology is used, based on the review and analysis of relevant scientific literature on the unconscious and the logical argumentation in favour of the ethical conclusions...
December 29, 2017: Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine: PEHM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283669/systems-thinking-and-systems-based-practice-across-the-health-professions-an-inquiry-into-definitions-teaching-practices-and-assessment
#17
Margaret M Plack, Ellen F Goldman, Andrea R Scott, Christine Pintz, Debra Herrmann, Kathleen Kline, Tracey Thompson, Shelley B Brundage
Phenomenon: Systems thinking is the cornerstone of systems-based practice (SBP) and a core competency in medicine and health sciences. Literature regarding how to teach or apply systems thinking in practice is limited. This study aimed to understand how educators in medicine, physical therapy, physician assistant, nursing, and speech-language pathology education programs teach and assess systems thinking and SBP. APPROACH: Twenty-six educators from seven different degree programs across the five professions were interviewed and program descriptions and relevant course syllabi were reviewed...
December 28, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282050/changes-in-professionals-beliefs-following-a-palliative-care-implementation-programme-at-a-surgical-department-a-qualitative-evaluation
#18
Pia Hahne, Staffan Lundström, Helena Leveälahti, Janet Winnhed, Joakim Öhlén
BACKGROUND: One ambition regarding palliative care is that it should be more accessible to patients and families regardless of care setting. Previous studies show many difficulties and shortcomings in the care of patients with palliative care needs in acute care facilities, but also challenges regarding efforts to implement palliative care. The aim of this study is to evaluate how the implementation of palliative care, using a combination of integration and consultation strategies, can change beliefs regarding palliative care among professionals in a surgical department...
December 28, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281916/writing-for-publication-sharing-your-clinical-knowledge-and-skills
#19
Cate Wood
Clinical nurses are ideally placed to write for publication in addition to those who work in academia who have this as an accepted part of their role. Nurses generate new evidence from their work in practice by carrying out research and audits and being involved in practice development projects, for example. This resource of knowledge needs to be shared with others, ideally in an international arena so that nurses can learn from each other. Nursing in the United Kingdom is now an all graduate profession and many nurses go on to study at both Masters and PhD level, providing writing from all levels of academic study that can be adapted for publication...
January 2, 2018: British Journal of Community Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280247/learning-by-observation-and-learning-by-doing-in-down%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-williams%C3%A2-syndromes
#20
Francesca Foti, Deny Menghini, Paolo Alfieri, Floriana Costanzo, Laura Mandolesi, Laura Petrosini, Stefano Vicari
New skills may be learned by active experience (experiential learning or learning by doing) or by observation of others' experience (learning by observation). In general, learning by observation reduces the time and the attempts needed to learn complex actions and behaviors. The present research aimed to compare learning by observation and learning by doing in two clinical populations with different etiology of intellectual disability (ID), as individuals with Down syndrome (DS) and individuals with Williams syndrome (WS), with the hypothesis that specific profiles of learning may be found in each syndrome...
December 26, 2017: Developmental Science
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