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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927385/frontline-learning-of-medical-teaching-you-pick-up-as-you-go-through-work-and-practice
#1
W Hartford, L Nimmon, T Stenfors
BACKGROUND: Few medical teachers have received formal teaching education. Along with individual and organizational barriers to participation in teacher training programs, increasing numbers and altered distribution of physicians away from major teaching centers have increased the difficulty of attendance. Furthermore, it is not known if traditional faculty development formats are the optimal learning options given findings from existing studies document both positive and negative outcomes...
September 19, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926777/experience-as-knowledge-disability-distillation-and-reprogenetic-decision-making
#2
Felicity K Boardman
'Experiential knowledge' is increasingly recognised as an important influence on reproductive decision-making. 'Experiential knowledge of disability' in particular is a significant resource within prenatal testing/screening contexts, enabling prospective parents to imagine and appraise future lives affected by disability. However, the concept of 'experiential knowledge' has been widely critiqued for its idiosyncrasy, its impermanence and consequently its perceived inferiority to (medical) knowledge. This paper explores some of these key critiques of experiential knowledge through an analysis of its constitution and uses in the context of reproductive decision-making...
September 8, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922007/attachment-based-family-therapy-and-individual-emotion-focused-therapy-for-unresolved-anger-qualitative-analysis-of-treatment-outcomes-and-change-processes
#3
Ravit Steinmann, Inbal Gat, Ofir Nir-Gottlieb, Ben Shahar, Gary M Diamond
Twenty-six clients who received 10 sessions of either attachment-based family therapy (ABFT) or individual emotion-focused therapy (EFT) for unresolved anger toward a parent were interviewed 6 months after completing treatment. Interviews were analyzed using the consensual qualitative research approach. Clients in both conditions reported improved relationships with parents, gaining a new perspective of their parent, increased compassion toward parent, less reactivity to anger, feeling cleaned-out, and acquiring new coping strategies...
September 2017: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911323/exploring-how-different-modes-of-governance-act-across-health-system-levels-to-influence-primary-healthcare-facility-managers-use-of-information-in-decision-making-experience-from-cape-town-south-africa
#4
Vera Scott, Lucy Gilson
BACKGROUND: Governance, which includes decision-making at all levels of the health system, and information have been identified as key, interacting levers of health system strengthening. However there is an extensive literature detailing the challenges of supporting health managers to use formal information from health information systems (HISs) in their decision-making. While health information needs differ across levels of the health system there has been surprisingly little empirical work considering what information is actually used by primary healthcare facility managers in managing, and making decisions about, service delivery...
September 15, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899191/mental-representation-in-the-thought-of-sidney-blatt-developmental-processes
#5
John S Auerbach, Diana Diamond
Mental representation was a central construct in Sidney Blatt's contributions to psychology and psychoanalysis. This brief review demonstrates that Blatt's understanding of representation was always informed by basic psychoanalytic concepts like the centrality of early caregiver-infant relationships and of unconscious mental processes. Although Blatt's earlier writings were informed by psychoanalytic ego psychology and Piagetian cognitive developmental psychology, they focused nonetheless on how an individual uses bodily and relational experiences to construct an object world; they also consistently presented object representations as having significant unconscious dimensions...
June 2017: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898194/correlate-a-pacs-and-ehr-integrated-tool-leveraging-natural-language-processing-to-provide-automated-clinical-follow-up
#6
Mark D Kovacs, Joseph Mesterhazy, David Avrin, Thomas Urbania, John Mongan
A major challenge for radiologists is obtaining meaningful clinical follow-up information for even a small percentage of cases encountered and dictated. Traditional methods, such as keeping medical record number follow-up lists, discussing cases with rounding clinical teams, and discussing cases at tumor boards, are effective at keeping radiologists informed of clinical outcomes but are time intensive and provide follow-up for a small subset of cases. To this end, the authors developed a picture archiving and communication system-accessible electronic health record (EHR)-integrated program called Correlate, which allows the user to easily enter free-text search queries regarding desired clinical follow-up information, with minimal interruption to the workflow...
September 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895790/experiential-avoidance-and-bulimic-symptoms-among-men-in-residential-treatment-for-substance-use-disorders-a-preliminary-examination
#7
JoAnna Elmquist, Ryan C Shorey, Scott Anderson, Gregory L Stuart
There has been a growing focus on identifying factors that underlie and maintain bulimic symptoms and substance use disorders (SUDs), as both are associated with high mortality and poor clinical outcomes. Experiential avoidance has been an area of interest within both the eating disorder and SUD fields, as it is a robust risk factor for both disorders. No known research has examined the relationship between experiential avoidance and bulimic symptoms in a SUD treatment-seeking sample. Moreover, the extant literature has focused exclusively on female samples...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894743/mhealth-based-interventions-for-the-assessment-and-treatment-of-psychotic-disorders-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Nadeem Gire, Saeed Farooq, Farooq Naeem, Joy Duxbury, Mick McKeown, Pardeep Singh Kundi, Imran Bashir Chaudhry, Nusrat Husain
The relative burden of mental health disorders is increasing globally, in terms of prevalence and disability. There is limited data available to guide treatment choices for clinicians in low resourced settings, with mHealth technologies being a potentially beneficial avenue to bridging the large mental health treatment gap globally. The aim of the review was to search the literature systematically for studies of mHealth interventions for psychosis globally, and to examine whether mHealth for psychosis has been investigated...
2017: MHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893973/understanding-the-primary-care-paradigm-an-experiential-learning-focus-of-the-early-veterinary-graduate
#9
William H R Dixon, Tierney Kinnison, Stephen A May
At a time where high levels of stress are reported in the veterinary profession, this study explores the challenges that veterinary graduates encounter when they enter general (first opinion) practice. Participants had written reflective accounts of their 'Most Puzzling Cases' for the postgraduate Professional Key Skills module of the Certificate in Advanced Veterinary Practice, offered by the Royal Veterinary College. Reasons that a case was puzzling, or became challenging, were thematically analysed. Fifteen summaries were analysed...
September 11, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891348/shifting-the-culture-around-public-health-advocacy-training-future-public-health-professionals-to-be-effective-agents-of-change
#10
Sarah R Blenner, Cathy M Lang, Michael L Prelip
There is a critical need to build the capacity of our current and future public health workforce and the communities we serve to engage in public health advocacy. Advocacy should be an integral piece of our intervention strategies and public health discourse. Incorporating public health advocacy into public health training, practice, and research serves as a long-term investment for the public's health. Advocacy can achieve systemic change by addressing the social determinants of health. We developed an advocacy training program that embeds students in community-based organizations (CBOs) for 9 months, providing students with experiential education through the application of advocacy skills and CBOs with opportunities to expand and broaden their advocacy efforts...
September 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890239/self-help-organisations-as-patient-representatives-in-health-care-and-policy-decision-making
#11
Daniela Rojatz, Rudolf Forster
A crucial question about participation is who is legitimised, willing and capable of representing particular collectives. Social insurance health care systems tend to focus on representation by patient organisations. Self-help organisations (SHOs), as one type of 'health consumer and patient organisation', often take over this role. Research findings indicate that participation by SHOs is accompanied by high expectations, but also by concerns about the risks of instrumental abuse, overload and professionalisation...
September 2, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890227/using-the-transtheoretical-model-to-predict-physical-activity-level-of-overweight-adults-with-serious-mental-illness
#12
Ahmed Jérôme Romain, Amal Abdel-Baki
Although physical activity (PA) is recommended for individuals with serious mental illness (ISMI), most of them are inactive or insufficiently active. The transtheoretical model (TTM) has been proposed to explain the motivational factors associated with PA however, there is little evidence of its applicability to ISMI. So, the objective was to analyse whether TTM components are related to PA in overweight ISMI. In this cross-sectional study, participants completed the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire to assess their PA level and TTM components: stages of change (SOC), decisional balance (pros and cons), self-efficacy and processes of change (POC; experiential and behavioural)...
September 1, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888195/children-s-and-adults-understanding-of-death-cognitive-parental-and-experiential-influences
#13
Georgia Panagiotaki, Michelle Hopkins, Gavin Nobes, Emma Ward, Debra Griffiths
This study explored the development of understanding of death in a sample of 4- to 11-year-old British children and adults (N=136). It also investigated four sets of possible influences on this development: parents' religion and spiritual beliefs, cognitive ability, socioeconomic status, and experience of illness and death. Participants were interviewed using the "death concept" interview that explores understanding of the subcomponents of inevitability, universality, irreversibility, cessation, and causality of death...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887143/mind-life-continuity-a-qualitative-study-of-conscious-experience
#14
REVIEW
Inês Hipólito, Jorge Martins
There are two fundamental models to understanding the phenomenon of natural life. One is the computational model, which is based on the symbolic thinking paradigm. The other is the biological organism model. The common difficulty attributed to these paradigms is that their reductive tools allow the phenomenological aspects of experience to remain hidden behind yes/no responses (behavioral tests), or brain 'pictures' (neuroimaging). Hence, one of the problems regards how to overcome methodological difficulties towards a non-reductive investigation of conscious experience...
September 5, 2017: Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886867/experiences-of-vulnerability-and-uncertainty-during-the-iraq-and-afghanistan-wars-stories-of-wounded-service-members-and-the-nurses-who-cared-for-them
#15
Patricia Watts Kelley, Deborah Kenny, Rosemary Donley
BACKGROUND: The findings reported in this paper were derived from a secondary analysis of selected data from a large clinical knowledge study designed to document the experiential learning of military and federal nurses caring for critically wounded service members (WSMs) of their experience of care from point of injury in the combat zone through their rehabilitation. FINDINGS: This article describes a picture of vulnerability and uncertainty in both WSMs and their nurses throughout the health care continuum...
August 12, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883802/absorption-in-sport-a-cross-validation-study
#16
Stefan Koehn, Nektarios A M Stavrou, Jeremy Cogley, Tony Morris, Erez Mosek, Anthony P Watt
Absorption has been identified as readiness for experiences of deep involvement in the task. Conceptually, absorption is a key psychological construct, incorporating experiential, cognitive, and motivational components. Although, no operationalization of the construct has been provided to facilitate research in this area, the purpose of this research was the development and examination of the psychometric properties of a sport-specific measure of absorption that evolved from the use of the modified Tellegen Absorption Scale (MODTAS; Jamieson, 2005) in mainstream psychology...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882810/study-of-methods-for-assessing-research-topic-elicitation-and-prioritization-smarter-study-protocol-to-compare-qualitative-research-methods-and-advance-patient-engagement-in-research
#17
Danielle C Lavallee, Bryan Comstock, Mary R Scott, Andrew L Avins, David R Nerenz, Todd C Edwards, Donald L Patrick, Sarah O Lawrence, Zoya Bauer, Anjali R Truitt, Jeffrey G Jarvik
BACKGROUND: Involving patients as partners in research is a defining characteristic of patient-centered outcomes research (PCOR). While patients' experiential knowledge of a health condition or treatment may yield research priorities not reflected by researchers and policy makers, the methods for identifying and effectively collaborating with patients are still evolving. Patient registries and crowdsourcing may offer ease of access and convenience to both researchers and patients. Surveys and focus groups, including online modalities, have been described for prioritizing research topics...
September 7, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882468/inclusive-design-in-architectural-practice-experiential-learning-of-disability-in-architectural-education
#18
Kerry Mulligan, Allyson Calder, Hilda Mulligan
BACKGROUND: The built environment can facilitate or impede an individual's ability to participate in society. This is particularly so for people with disability. Architects are well placed to be advocates for design that enhances societal equality. OBJECTIVE: This qualitative study explored architectural design students' perceptions of inclusive design, their reflections resulting from an experiential learning module and the subsequent influence of these on their design practice...
August 31, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880621/research-into-experiential-learning-in-nurse-education
#19
Barry Hill
This research is founded on an innovative pedagogical project as part of a higher education lecturer teaching qualification. This project involved redesigning the module 'advanced history taking and physical examination with clinical reasoning', a continuing professional development at a higher education institution. The author undertook an exploration of the literature, considering evidence on teaching styles and the way in which students learn and gain knowledge. The module was redesigned, impelemented and then evaluated by the student participants...
September 7, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876992/curricular-renewal-at-the-southern-tip-of-africa-the-2016-veterinary-curriculum-at-the-university-of-pretoria
#20
Peter C Irons, Dietmar E Holm, C Henry Annandale
Four years after the institution of a new curriculum at the University of Pretoria's Faculty of Veterinary Science, a second major curricular renewal was initiated as a result of several pressing drivers, many of which were unique to the national and institutional context. During the project, South African higher education was disrupted by student protests prompted by financial pressures on students, the overt colonial structure of higher education, and the need to accelerate transformation of the sector. A structured curricular renewal process was followed, including the laying down of the principles, the structuring the macro-curriculum as a story, the design of a meso- and micro-curriculum, and the mapping of the curriculum to Day One outcomes...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
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