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Adolescent anxiety

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053976/longitudinal-association-between-mental-disorders-in-childhood-and-subsequent-depression-a-nationwide-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Louise Krarup Gundel, Carsten Bøcker Pedersen, Trine Munk-Olsen, Søren Dalsgaard
BACKGROUND: Depression ranges among the most impairing mental disorders worldwide, and early detection is a global health priority. Little is known about the association between non-affective mental disorders in childhood/adolescence and later depression. METHODS: Nationwide register-based prospective cohort study, estimating cumulative incidences and incidence rate ratios (IRR) for later depression in individuals with and without non-affective mental disorders in early life...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052865/research-review-is-anxiety-associated-with-negative-interpretations-of-ambiguity-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Suzannah Stuijfzand, Cathy Creswell, Andy P Field, Samantha Pearcey, Helen Dodd
BACKGROUND: The tendency to interpret ambiguity as threat (negative interpretation) has been implicated in cognitive models of anxiety. A significant body of research has examined the association between anxiety and negative interpretation, and reviews suggest there is a robust positive association in adults. However, evidence with children and adolescents has been inconsistent. This study aimed to provide a systematic quantitative assessment of the association between anxiety and negative interpretation in children and adolescents...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052846/improvements-of-adolescent-psychopathology-after-insomnia-treatment-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial-over-1%C3%A2-year
#3
Eduard J de Bruin, Susan M Bögels, Frans J Oort, Anne Marie Meijer
BACKGROUND: Adolescent insomnia can be treated effectively with cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia (CBTI). However, little is known about effects of CBTI on psychopathology in adolescents. This study aimed to investigate whether (a) CBTI improves psychopathology in Internet- (IT) and face-to-face group treatment (GT) compared to waitlist (WL), (b) improvement in psychopathology can be attributed to reduced insomnia, (c) improvement in psychopathology remains stable for up to 1 year...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050902/housing-conditions-modulate-the-reinforcing-properties-of-cocaine-in-adolescent-mice-that-binge-on-fat
#4
M Carmen Blanco-Gandía, Sandra Montagud-Romero, María A Aguilar, José Miñarro, Marta Rodríguez-Arias
Binge eating is a specific form of overeating characterized by intermittent, excessive eating. To date, several studies have addressed the effects that bingeing on fat has on the rewarding effects of drugs of abuse, but they have found contradictory and highly variable results. Housing conditions could modulate these results, as most studies employ isolated animals to measure the exact amount of food that is ingested. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of housing conditions on the response of mice to cocaine, modulated by bingeing on a high-fat diet during adolescence...
October 16, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049860/could-we-use-parent-report-as-a-valid-proxy-of-child-report-on-anxiety-depression-and-distress-a-systematic-investigation-of-father-mother-child-triads-in-children-successfully-treated-for-leukemia
#5
Cybelle Abate, Sarah Lippé, Laurence Bertout, Simon Drouin, Maja Krajinovic, Émélie Rondeau, Daniel Sinnett, Caroline Laverdière, Serge Sultan
BACKGROUND: Systematic assessment of emotional distress is recommended in after care. Yet, it is unclear if parent report may be used as a proxy of child report. The aim of this study was to assess agreements and differences and explore possible moderators of disagreement between child and parent ratings. METHODS: Sixty-two young survivors treated for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (9-18 years) and both parents responded to the Beck Youth Inventory (anxiety and depression) and the distress rating scale on the child's status...
October 19, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049813/assessment-of-pain-anxiety-pain-catastrophizing-and-fear-of-pain-in-children-and-adolescents-with-chronic-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Emma Fisher, Lauren C Heathcote, Christopher Eccleston, Laura E Simons, Tonya M Palermo
To conduct a systematic review of pain anxiety, pain catastrophizing, and fear of pain measures psychometrically established in youth with chronic pain. The review addresses three specific aims: (1) to identify measures used in youth with chronic pain, summarizing their content, psychometric properties, and use; (2) to use evidence-based assessment criteria to rate each measure according to the Society of Pediatric Psychology (SPP) guidelines; (3) to pool data across studies for meta-analysis of shared variance in psychometric performance in relation to the primary outcomes of pain intensity, disability, generalized anxiety, and depression...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048724/longitudinal-perspectives-on-the-psychosis-spectrum-in-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome
#7
REVIEW
Sunny X Tang, Raquel E Gur
The prevalence of psychotic disorders in individuals with 22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome (22q11DS) reaches 25-35% in young adulthood and may provide a neurogenetic model for clinical risk of psychotic disorders in the general population. This review focuses on prospective longitudinal studies in 22q11DS, which capture fluctuations in psychosis symptoms over time and may provide insights into potential demographic, clinical, cognitive, and neuroimaging predictors of psychosis-spectrum outcomes in the general population...
October 19, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048552/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-ibd-specific-anxiety-scale-a-novel-measure-of-disease-related-anxiety-for-adolescents-with-ibd
#8
Laura C Reigada, Michael T Moore, Christopher F Martin, Michael D Kappelman
Anxiety related to pediatric inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a common comorbidity; yet, this construct is understudied because of lack of available valid measurement. OBJECTIVE: The present study will report the preliminary validation of the 20-item IBD-Specific Anxiety Scale (IBD-SAS) in a large, geographically diverse sample of adolescents aged 12-18 years with IBD. METHOD: A total of 281 adolescents, ages 12-18 (M = 14.8, SD = 1.78; 51% male), completed the IBD-SAS along with measures of IBD-related quality of life, anxiety, depressive symptoms, and disease activity...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048551/rapid-screening-of-risk-in-pediatric-headache-application-of-the-pediatric-pain-screening-tool
#9
Lauren C Heathcote, Jonathan Rabner, Alyssa Lebel, Jessica M Hernandez, Laura E Simons
Objective: The current study examined the application of a screening tool to identify biopsychosocial risk factors and derive prognostic risk groups in children and adolescents with headache pain. Methods: Youth (n = 242, 8-17 years, 75.6% female) presenting for evaluation at a tertiary pediatric headache clinic completed the nine-item Pediatric Pain Screening Tool (PPST) as well as measures of functional disability, pain catastrophizing, fear of pain, anxiety, and depressive symptoms...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048519/finding-silver-linings-a-preliminary-examination-of-benefit-finding-in-youth-with-chronic-pain
#10
Sabine Soltani, Alex Neville, Karen Hurtubise, Aimee Hildenbrand, Melanie Noel
Background: Chronic pain is a pervasive condition in adolescence and is associated with significant psychological distress, functional disability, social isolation, and decreased quality of life for a subset of affected youth. There is a paucity of research examining potential resilience factors and adaptive processes in pediatric chronic pain. Benefit finding refers to the process of perceiving positive consequences in the face of adversity. Previous research on benefit finding in pediatric samples (e...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048300/intensive-family-exposure-based-cognitive-behavioral-treatment-for-adolescents-with-anorexia-nervosa
#11
Marina Iniesta Sepúlveda, Joshua M Nadeau, Megan K Whelan, Christina M Oiler, Amaya Ramos, Bradley C Riemann, Eric A Storch
BACKGROUND: Anorexia nervosa exhibits high comorbidity rates and shared features with anxiety disorders and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Anxiety-based etiological models have proposed that fear of eating-related stimuli is the central mechanism around which avoidance of food and food-related rituals are performed. Building on this approach, exposure-based interventions have demonstrated promising results. Limited evidence in adolescents encourages the evaluation of exposure approaches in this population...
November 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048245/self-esteem-internalizing-symptoms-and-theory-of-mind-in-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#12
James B McCauley, Michelle A Harris, Matthew C Zajic, Lindsay E Swain-Lerro, Tasha Oswald, Nancy McIntyre, Kali Trzesniewski, Peter Mundy, Marjorie Solomon
Self-esteem is a potent indicator of mental health in typically developing (TYP) individuals. It is surprising that there have been few comprehensive investigations of self-esteem in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), given that they are at high risk for comorbid mental health problems, such as depression and anxiety. The objectives of the current study were to assess how youth with ASD rate their self-esteem compared to age-matched TYP youth and to examine how self-esteem relates to internalizing psychopathology and theory of mind in the two groups...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044733/shyness-preference-for-solitude-and-adolescent-internalizing-the-roles-of-maternal-paternal-and-best-friend-support
#13
Matthew G Barstead, Kelly A Smith, Brett Laursen, Cathryn Booth-LaForce, Shakeena King, Kenneth H Rubin
The researchers examined differential outcomes related to two distinct motivations for withdrawal (preference for solitude and shyness) as well as the possibility that support from important others (mothers, fathers, and best friends) attenuate any such links. Adolescents (159 males, 171 females) reported on their motivations to withdraw, internalizing symptoms, and relationship quality in eighth grade, as well as their anxiety and depression in ninth grade. Using structural equation modeling, the authors found that maternal support weakened the association between shyness and internalizing problems; friend support weakened the association between preference for solitude and depression; and friend support strengthened the association between shyness and depression...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044497/pediatric-headache-and-sleep-disturbance-a-comparison-of-diagnostic-groups
#14
Jonathan Rabner, Karen J Kaczynski, Laura E Simons, Alyssa LeBel
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether sleep disturbance differs by headache diagnosis in a pediatric sample, and whether this effect remains when other factors affecting sleep are included. BACKGROUND: Primary headache disorders can be severe and disabling, impacting a child's functioning and quality of life. Many children and adolescents with chronic headaches also experience sleep difficulties, and there is likely a bidirectional relationship between headaches and sleep difficulties...
October 17, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035810/traditional-bullying-and-cyberbullying-differences-in-emotional-problems-and-personality-are-cyberbullies-more-machiavellians
#15
Santiago Resett, Manuel Gamez-Guadix
Few studies have examined differences in emotional problems and personality of traditional bullies and cyberbullies. The present study aimed to determine whether those engaged in cyberbullying differ in emotional problems, and personality from those engage in traditional bullying perpetration. An Argentinean sample of 898 high school students was recruited (56% female; mean age = 15.2 SD = 1.6). Adolescents completed measures of traditional bullying, cyberbullying, self-esteem, anxiety, depression, and personality...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035574/a-6-month-open-label-extension-study-of-vortioxetine-in-pediatric-patients-with-depressive-or-anxiety-disorders
#16
Robert L Findling, Adelaide S Robb, Melissa P DelBello, Michael Huss, Nora K McNamara, Elias H Sarkis, Russell E Scheffer, Lis H Poulsen, Grace Chen, Ole M Lemming, Philippe Auby
OBJECTIVES: In this 6-month open-label extension (OLE) of NCT01491035 (a 14-day, open-label, pharmacokinetic/safety lead-in study), the long-term safety and tolerability of vortioxetine (5-20 mg/day) were investigated in children and adolescents with a DSM-IV-TR™ diagnosis of depressive or anxiety disorder in the United States or Germany. The study also was designed to provide data to inform dose selection and titration in future pediatric studies with vortioxetine. METHODS: Safety evaluations included spontaneously reported adverse events (AEs), the Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS), and the Pediatric Adverse Events Rating Scale (PAERS; clinician administered)...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033803/moderate-maternal-alcohol-exposure-on-gestational-day-12-impacts-anxiety-like-behavior-in-offspring
#17
Siara K Rouzer, Jesse M Cole, Julia M Johnson, Elena I Varlinskaya, Marvin R Diaz
Among the numerous consequences of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) is an increase in anxiety-like behavior that can prove debilitating to daily functioning. A significant body of literature has linked gestational day 12 (G12) heavy ethanol exposure with social anxiety, evident in adolescent males and females. However, the association between non-social anxiety-like behavior and moderate alcohol exposure, a more common pattern of drinking in pregnant women, is yet unidentified. To model moderate PAE (mPAE), we exposed pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats to either room air or vaporized ethanol for 6 h on G12...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033617/family-accommodation-in-adult-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-clinical-perspectives
#18
REVIEW
Umberto Albert, Alessandra Baffa, Giuseppe Maina
The term accommodation has been used to refer to family responses specifically related to obsessive-compulsive (OC) symptoms: it encompasses behaviors such as directly participating in compulsions, assisting a relative with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) when he/she is performing a ritual, or helping him/her to avoid triggers that may precipitate obsessions and compulsions. At the opposite side, family responses to OCD may also include interfering with the rituals or actively opposing them; stopping accommodating OC symptoms or actively interfering with their performance is usually associated with greater distress and sometimes even with aggressive behaviors from the patients...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033027/anhedonia-following-early-life-adversity-involves-aberrant-interaction-of-reward-and-anxiety-circuits-and-is-reversed-by-partial-silencing-of-amygdala-corticotropin-releasing-hormone-gene
#19
Jessica L Bolton, Jenny Molet, Limor Regev, Yuncai Chen, Neggy Rismanchi, Elizabeth Haddad, Derek Z Yang, Andre Obenaus, Tallie Z Baram
BACKGROUND: Anhedonia, the diminished ability to experience pleasure, is an important dimensional entity linked to depression, schizophrenia, and other emotional disorders, but its origins and mechanisms are poorly understood. We have previously identified anhedonia, manifest as decreased sucrose preference and social play, in adolescent male rats that experienced chronic early-life adversity/stress (CES). Here we probed the molecular, cellular, and circuit processes underlying CES-induced anhedonia and tested them mechanistically...
September 7, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033017/neurocognitive-and-psychological-outcomes-in-adults-with-dextro-transposition-of-the-great-arteries-corrected-by-the-arterial-switch-operation
#20
Leïla Kasmi, Johanna Calderon, Michèle Montreuil, Nikoletta Geronikola, Virginie Lambert, Emrè Belli, Damien Bonnet, David Kalfa
BACKGROUND: Neurodevelopmental impairments have frequently been described in children and adolescents with dextro-transposition of the great arteries (d-TGA). The arterial switch operation (ASO) to correct d-TGA has been used for more than 30 years, and more than 90% of these patients now reach adulthood. However, very little is known about their long-term functional outcomes. The present study investigated neurocognitive outcomes and the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in adults with d-TGA corrected by ASO...
October 12, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
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